RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚
R”SЂSѓRiR° SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIR° RIS–R№RЅR°

R§RѕS‚RёSЂRё R±S–RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— RЅR° S‚R»S– R’RµSЂRµSЃRЅRµRIRѕS— RyeR°RјRїR°RЅS–S—

RџRµSЂRµRIR°RiRѕSЋ RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂR° S” R±SЂR°S‚Rё RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RЅR° SЃRµR±Rµ. RЎSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– SЏ R±RµSЂSѓ S—S— RЅR° SЃRµR±Rµ Sѓ RЅR°R№S‚SЏR¶S‡Sѓ RјRёS‚SЊ vЂ“ RЅR°RyeR°R·SѓSЋ RїSЂRёRїRёRЅRёS‚Rё RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€Sѓ R±RµR·R·RјS–SЃS‚RѕRIRЅSѓ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Sѓ, R°R±Rё RЅRµ R»RёS‚Rё RgR°SЂRµRјRЅRѕ RIRѕSЏS†SЊRyeSѓ RyeSЂRѕRI. R”SЏRyeSѓSЋ RIR°Rј R·R° RIR°S€Sѓ RјSѓR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚R° RIR°S€ RїRѕSЃR»SѓS…, R·RЅR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ R·RЅRѕRISѓ RїSЂRёR№RgRµS‚Rµ, RyeRѕR»Rё R±SѓRgRµS‚Rµ RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅS–.

R—R° RgRIR° RyeSЂRѕRyeRё RgRѕ RIS–R№RЅRё: R“R»SЏR№RIS–S†SЊRyeR° RїSЂRѕRIRѕRyeR°S†S–SЏ

31 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1939 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RќRµRIRµR»RёS‡RyeRµ SЃS–R»RµR·SЊRyeRµ RјS–SЃS‚RµS‡RyeRѕ R“R»SЏR№RIS–S†, RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅR°. R’RµS‡S–SЂ. R’ RѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ R· RЅRѕRјRµSЂS–RI RiRѕS‚RµR»SЋ RI S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– RјS–SЃS‚R° RЅR° R·R°SЃS‚RµR»RµRЅRѕRјSѓ R»S–R¶RyeSѓ R»RµR¶RёS‚SЊ R· R·R°RyeSЂRёS‚RёRјRё RѕS‡RёRјR° S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye. R’S–RЅ RIRgSЏRiRЅSѓS‚RёR№ S– RIR·SѓS‚RёR№. Rћ 16-00 S‚RёS€Sѓ RЅRѕRјRµSЂR° RїSЂRѕSЂS–R·SѓS” RIRёRјRѕRiR»RёRIRёR№ RgR·RIS–RЅRѕRye S‚RµR»RµS„RѕRЅSѓ, SЏRyeRёR№ SЃS‚RѕS—S‚SЊ RЅR° SЃS‚RѕR»RёRyeSѓ R±S–R»SЏ R»S–R¶RyeR°. RќRµ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёRIR°SЋS‡Rё RѕS‡RµR№ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye RїSЂRѕSЃS‚SЏRiR°S” SЂSѓRyeSѓ, R·RЅS–RјR°S” S‚SЂSѓR±RyeSѓ S– RїS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ S—S— RgRѕ RISѓS…R°. R— S‚SЂSѓR±RyeRё R»SѓRЅR°S” RgRѕR±SЂRµ R·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёR№ R№RѕRјSѓ RiRѕR»RѕSЃ: V«RўRµSЂRјS–RЅRѕRIRѕ RїRµSЂRµRgR·RIRѕRЅS–S‚SЊ!V».

R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRµ RIS‚RѕSЂRiRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ. "R—RѕR»RѕS‚RёR№ RIRµSЂRµSЃRµRЅSЊ" R· RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRIRё

"RњRё RїRѕR±R°S‡RёR»Rё, SЏRye R·S– "RЎRyeR°R»Rё" RIRёS—S…R°RI RµSЃRyeR°RgSЂRѕRЅ RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RѕS— RyeS–RЅRЅRѕS‚Rё. R¦SЊRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R·Sѓ vЂ“ RI R±RѕR№RѕRIRѕRјSѓ RїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeSѓ. R’RёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅS– SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЊS†S– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё RIRѕRiRѕRЅSЊ RїRѕ SЃRёRiRЅR°R»Sѓ RјRѕRiRѕ RїRѕSЃS‚SЂS–R»Sѓ. R’S–RgSЃS‚R°RЅSЊ vЂ“ 300-400 RјRµS‚SЂS–RI. RџR°RgR°R»Rё RIRµSЂS€RЅRёRyeRё, RїR°RgR°R»Rё RyeRѕRЅS–". R‘S–R№ R±RµR· SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏ R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅRё. R‘RµR· RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRIRё. R‘RµR· RЅR°RgS–S—. RЎRїRѕRiR°RgRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RѕS„S–S†RµSЂR°.
R’S–RgRµRѕ

1939-1941: "R—RѕR»RѕS‚RёR№ RIRµSЂRµSЃRµRЅSЊ. RGSЂRѕRЅS–RyeR° R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅRё"

R‘RѕRјR±Rё, RѕR±R»R°RIRё, RјS–SЃS‚RёRyeR°. R›SЊRIS–RI RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– RIRёRiRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚S–RI

"R›SЋRgRµR№ RѕRїR°RЅSѓRIR°R»Rѕ S€R°R»RµRЅSЃS‚RIRѕ RјRѕR»RёS‚RIRё. RќR° RїRѕRgRIS–SЂSЏS… RIRёR±SѓRgRѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё RјR°R»RµRЅSЊRyeS– RIS–RIS‚R°SЂS†S–, RїRѕRISЃSЋRgRё R±SѓR»Rё RyeRIS–S‚Rё, SЃRIS–S‡RyeRё, SЂRµR»S–RiS–R№RЅS– RїS–SЃRЅS–. R† RјRё Sѓ RЅR°S€S–R№ "RyeS–RјRЅR°S‚S†S– RЅR°RIRyeR°SЂR°S‡RyeRё" R·SЂRѕR±RёR»Rё SЃRѕR±S– RјR°R»RµRЅSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–RIS‚R°SЂRёRye S– S†S–R»RёRјRё RgRЅSЏRјRё RјRѕR»RёR»RёSЃSЏ. R§RѕS‚RyeRё, RЅRѕRIRµRЅRЅRё, SЂRѕSЂR°S‚Rё, SЂRµR»S–RiS–R№RЅS– RїS–SЃRЅRµSЃRїS–RIRё, SЃRISЏS‚S– S–RyeRѕRЅRyeRё; S‚Rѕ S‚SЂRёRIR°R»Rѕ RiRѕRgRёRЅR°RјRё, R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S†S–R»RёRјRё RgRЅSЏRјRё. RќR°RIS–S‚SЊ SЏRye RЅR° RgRёS‚RёRЅSѓ, RѕS…SЂRµS‰RµRЅSѓ S‚SЂRё S– RїS–RI SЂR°R·Rё, R±SѓR»Rѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ RISЃSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚SЂRѕS…Rё R·R°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ...".

R R°RgRѕRјRёSЂ RњRѕRyeSЂRёRye: V«RЁR»SЋR±RЅRёR№ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂR°RyeS‚V» RgRIRѕS… R»SЋRgRѕR¶RµSЂS–RI

RќR° R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡S– RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёRI S‚RѕSЃS‚ V«R·R° S„SЋSЂRµSЂR°, SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚R°Rye R»SЋR±RёS‚SЊ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRgV», R S–R±RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRї R·RiRѕRgRѕRј R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ S‚RѕRgS– RI RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– V«RЅRµRјRѕRI R·RЅR°S…RѕRgRёRISЃSЏ SЃRµSЂRµRg SЃRIRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅRёS… RyeRѕR»RµRiV». R’SЃS– R±SѓR»Rё R·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅS–, RјRѕR¶RЅR° R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°S‚Rё RIS–R№RЅSѓ S– SЂRIR°S‚Rё RЅR° S€RјR°S‚RyeRё SЃSѓSЃS–RgRЅS– RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё. RќRѕRIRѕSЃRїRµS‡RµRЅS– SЃRѕSЋR·RЅRёRyeRё S‚R°Rye S– R·SЂRѕR±RёR»Rё.

RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ RњR°S†SЊRyeS–RI: V«R SЏR¶RµRЅS–V» S– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕ-S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° SЂRµRyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS†S–SЏ

RќRµS‰RѕRgR°RIRЅRѕ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RїS–RgRЅSЏR»R°SЃSЏ RiRѕSЃS‚SЂR° RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–SЏ S‰RѕRgRѕ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚S– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… SЂRµRyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚RѕSЂS–RI Sѓ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёS… R·R°S…RѕRgR°S…. RќR°S€S– RЅR°R№R±R»RёR¶S‡S– SЃSѓSЃS–RgRё (R°RiSЂRµSЃRѕSЂS–RI R· S—S…RЅS–Rј RјSЂR°RyeRѕR±S”SЃS–S”Rј Sѓ SЃS‚RёR»S– SЃRїR°R»RµRЅRЅSЏ R RµR№S…SЃS‚R°RiSѓ S– V«RјRѕR¶RµRј RїRѕRIS‚RѕSЂS–S‚SЊV» RЅRµ R±RµSЂRµRјRѕ RgRѕ SѓRIR°RiRё) RїRѕR»SЏRyeRё R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ RgRѕ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёS… R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI R· RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R±RѕSЂS†S–RI R·R° RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R°R»SѓS‡R°SЋS‚SЊ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… SЂRµRyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚RѕSЂS–RI S– Sѓ RЅRёS… S†S– RїRѕRgS–S— RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅS– RЅR° RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ RIRёSЃRѕRyeRѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS–.

RўR°SЂR°SЃ R“SЂRёRISѓR»: "R”RёRIS–R·S–R№RЅRёRyeRё". RџRµSЂRµRїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RїRѕS‡RµSЃRЅRёR№ RµSЃRyeRѕSЂS‚ RЅR° R›SЊRIS–RIS‰RёRЅS–. R§RµSЂRµR· S‰Rѕ SЃRyeR°RЅRgR°R»?

RЎSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RIS‡RµSЂRiRѕRIRµ RїS–RgRЅSЏR»R°SЃSЏ S‚RµRјR° RЅR°RIRyeRѕR»Rѕ RїRµSЂRµRїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R±S–R№S†S–RI RgRёRIS–R·S–S— V«R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅR°V» 28 R»RёRїRЅSЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R’RёSЏRIRёR»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ Sѓ R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS…, RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїSЂRёS‚RѕRјRЅRёS… RgRѕRїRёSЃSѓRIR°S‡S–RI, SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏ S†S–S”S— SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S— vЂ“ RЅR° SЂS–RIRЅS– RISѓR»RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RѕR±RiRѕRIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ. RўRѕRјSѓ RIRёSЂS–S€RёRI RїRѕRgS–R»RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RIR»R°SЃRЅRёRјRё RgSѓRјRyeR°RјRё.

R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RњRѕSЂRѕR·: R§Rё R·R°SЃRIRѕS”RЅRёR№ SѓSЂRѕRye RљR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё?

R¦SЊRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ RIRёRїRѕRIRЅSЋS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ 80 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RљR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. RўR°Rye-S‚R°Rye, S†SЊRѕRiRѕ, R±Rѕ RљR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RЅRµ R±SѓR»R° "RѕRgRЅRѕRgRµRЅRЅRѕSЋ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRѕSЋ", SЏRye R»SЋR±R»SЏS‚SЊ RїRѕRIS‚RѕSЂSЋRIR°S‚Rё (RgSѓRјR°SЋS‡Rё, S‰Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RїRѕRIS–SЂSЏS‚SЊ) RgRµSЏRyeS– RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgRёSЃS‚Rё. RџRµSЂS€RёR№ R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјRЅRёR№ SѓSЂSЏRg RљR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R·R°S‚RIRµSЂRgR¶RµRЅRёR№ 13 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1938 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

"R‡SЃS‚Rё S‚R° RiRѕRgSѓRIR°S‚Rё". R–S–RЅRѕS‡S– SЃS‚SЂR°S‚RµRiS–S— RIRёR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїS–Rg RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕSЋ RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S”SЋ

RџRµRIRЅS– SЂRµSЃSѓSЂSЃRё S‚R° SЃS‚SЂR°S‚RµRiS–S— R±SѓR»Rё SЃRїRµS†RёS„S–S‡RЅRѕ R¶S–RЅRѕS‡RёRјRё, SЃR°RјRµ RIRѕRЅRё SЃS‚R°R»Rё RїS–RgT‘SЂSѓRЅS‚SЏRј RIRёR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R° R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ R·R° SѓRјRѕRI RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S—. R‡S… RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅSЏ S–RЅS‚RµRЅS†S–SЏ RѕRїRёSЃSѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚RѕSЋ S„RѕSЂRјSѓR»RѕSЋ: "R‡SЃS‚Rё S‚R° RiRѕRgSѓRIR°S‚Rё".

30 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1941. RЇRye R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂR° RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»SЋRIR°RI

RџRѕRgS–S— Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– SЃS‚R°R»Rё SЃRёRiRЅR°R»RѕRј RgR»SЏ S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RѕSѓRЅS–RIS†S–RI S– S—S…RЅS–S… SЃRёRјRїR°S‚RёRyeS–RI. RџRѕ RISЃS–S… SЃRµR»R°S… S– RјS–SЃS‚RµS‡RyeR°S… R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RѕRgRёRЅ S– S‚RѕR№ R¶Rµ SЃS†RµRЅR°SЂS–R№: RiSЂSѓRїR° RјRѕR»RѕRgRёS… RµRЅS‚SѓR·S–R°SЃS‚S–RI R·R°S…RѕRїR»SЋRIR°R»R° RїSЂRёRјS–S‰RµRЅRЅSЏ RIR»R°RgRЅRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–RI vЂ” S…RѕS‡R° S†Rµ SЃRyeR°R·R°RЅRѕ RЅR°RgS‚Rѕ RiSѓS‡RЅRѕ, R°RgR¶Rµ V«RЎRѕRIS”S‚Rё S‰Rµ RЅRµ RїS–S€R»Rё, R° RЅS–RјS†S– S‰Rµ RЅRµ RїSЂRёR№S€R»RёV» S– RIR»R°RgR° S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RIR°R»SЏR»R°SЃSЏ RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†S–.

RќRµSЃSѓRIRµSЂRµRЅRЅS– RЅR°S†S–S—. RЇRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° SЃS‚R°R»R° R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS†RµSЋ RћRћRќ?

RўS–, S…S‚Rѕ RiSЂR°S” Sѓ SЂS–R·RЅRѕRIRёRg S€R°S…S–RI S–R· RЅR°R·RIRѕSЋ V«RЇR»S‚R°V», R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊ, RЅR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё S†S–RЅRЅRёRјRё (R°R»Rµ RЅRµRїRµRIRЅRёRјRё) R±SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIS– R°R»SЊSЏRЅSЃRё. R“SЂSѓ RїSЂRёRgSѓRјR°R»Rё RїS–SЃR»SЏ RЇR»S‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— S– RЅR°R·RIR°R»Rё RЅR° S—S— S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ.

3 SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RјS–S„Rё RїSЂRѕ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ. R”RµRyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS†S–SЏ

RљRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЏ V«S‚R°S‚R°SЂ-R·SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeS–RIV» vЂ” RѕRgRЅR° R· RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёS… SЃRyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS… R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјS–S„Sѓ RїSЂRѕ V«RёSЃRyeRѕRЅRЅRѕ SЂSѓSЃSЃRyeRёR№ RљSЂS‹RјV». R‘RµR· R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ Sѓ V«RјR°SЃRѕRIS–R№ R·SЂR°RgS–V» RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRµ RѕR±T‘SЂSѓRЅS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–S—, R° R±RµR· RIRёRїSЂR°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅSѓ vЂ” RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRёS‚Rё S‚RѕS‚R°R»SЊRЅSѓ SЂSѓSЃRёS„S–RyeR°S†S–SЋ RїS–RIRѕSЃS‚SЂRѕRIR°. RЈSЃRµ S†Rµ S” R»RёS€Rµ SЃRїSЂRѕR±R°RјRё RIRёRїSЂR°RIRgR°S‚Rё RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS… SЃS‚R°R»S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgS–RI.
RџSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

R”RµS‚R°R»SЊRЅS–S€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚R—RiRѕSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё