RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕ-S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeR° R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡

"RўRIRѕS— SЃR»RѕRIR° RI RїRѕRIS–S‚SЂS– S†S–Rј R¶RёRISѓS‚SЊ". RЇRye S”RISЂRµS— S–RЅS‚RµSЂRїRµSЂS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR°

R—RЅR°RјRµRЅRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ 2019 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RјRё SЃRISЏS‚RyeSѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµRјRѕ 80 SЂRѕRyeS–RI R· RgR°S‚Rё SЂRµR°R»S–R·R°S†S–S— RЅR°R№RјR°SЃS€S‚R°R±RЅS–S€RёS… RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚S–RI RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgS–RI RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR° S—RgRёS€RµRј. 1939 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RЅR°SЂRµS€S‚S– RIRёR№S€R»Rё RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRј RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёRјRё RIRёRgR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgRё R”R°RIRёRgR° R“RѕS„S€S‚RµR№RЅR° vЂ” RIRёR±S–SЂRyeR° R· "RљRѕR±R·R°SЂSЏ" RgR»SЏ RgS–S‚RµR№ S‚R° "R’RёR±SЂR°RЅS– S‚RIRѕSЂRё" RgR»SЏ RgRѕSЂRѕSЃR»RѕS— R°SѓRgRёS‚RѕSЂS–S—.

RќR°S€S– R»SЋRgRё RЅR° S—S…RЅS–S… RiSЂRѕS€R°S…: RIRѕSЃSЊRјRµSЂRѕ SѓSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅS†S–RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R·RѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅS– RЅR° R±R°RЅRyeRЅRѕS‚R°S… R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЋ

R”RµSЂR¶R°RISѓ R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЊ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂSЋRIR°R»Rё S‚R° SЂRѕR·R±SѓRgRѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё S”RISЂRµS—-RїRµSЂRµSЃRµR»RµRЅS†S–, S‰Rѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgRёR»Rё RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ R·S– RЎS…S–RgRЅRѕS— R„RISЂRѕRїRё. RЎRµSЂRµRg RЅRёS… R±SѓR»Rѕ S‡RёRјR°R»Rѕ SѓSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅS†S–RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё vЂ“ RЅR°SЃR°RјRїRµSЂRµRg RќR°RgRgRЅS–RїSЂSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS—, S‰Rѕ RIS…RѕRgRёR»R° RgRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–RјRїRµSЂS–S—.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° R±RѕRјR±R°. RџRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° S†S–R»SЊ. R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeR° R¶RµSЂS‚RIR°

R„RgRёRЅRёR№, RI RјS–R¶RIRѕS”RЅRЅRёS… RїRµSЂS–RѕRg, RIS–R·RёS‚ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RgRѕ R›SЊRIRѕRIR°, R±SѓRI R·R°S‚SЊRјR°SЂRµRЅRёR№ R·R°RјR°S…RѕRј, SЏRyeRёR№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ. R’S‚S–Rј, RЅR° RјS–SЃS†S– R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅSѓ R·R°S‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё S”RISЂRµSЏ RЎS‚R°RЅS–SЃR»R°RIR° RЁS‚R°R№T‘RµSЂR°. R©RѕR± R·RЅSЏS‚Rё R· RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ, S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RyeRѕR»R°Rј RgRѕRIRµRgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚S–SЃRЅRѕ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚Rё R· RЈR’Rћ.
R¤RѕS‚RѕRiR°R»RµSЂRµSЏ

"R„RISЂRµS— RЅR° R·RµRјR»S–". RђRiSЂRѕ-R”R¶RѕR№RЅS‚ Sѓ 1920-30-S…

R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RџR»R°SЃS‚ (SЃRyeR°SѓS‚RёRЅRi) vЂ“ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRёR№ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–

R—R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRIS–RgRѕRјRѕ, S‰Rѕ Sѓ RјS–SЃS‚S– R›SЊRIRѕRIS– RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёR»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЃRyeR°SѓS‚RёRЅRiRё vЂ“ S…R°SЂS†RµSЂSЃS‚RIRѕ S– RџR»R°SЃS‚. RћRgRЅR°Rye, RgRѕSЃS– R·R°R±SѓS‚RёRј S– RјR°R»RѕRgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRёRј R·R°R»RёS€R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S„R°RyeS‚, S‰Rѕ RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅRё RIRёRЅRёRye S– RїRµSЂS€RёR№ RI SЃRIS–S‚S– RѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRye S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃRyeR°SѓS‚RёRЅRiSѓ vЂ“ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S—, SЏRyeR° RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° RЅR°R·RISѓ V«R“R°S€RѕRјRµSЂ R“R°S†R°S—SЂV».

RЎRѕR»RѕRјRѕRЅ R“RѕR»SЊRgRµR»SЊRјR°RЅ: "vЂ¦RќR°SЂRѕRgR°Rј RIRµR»RёRyeRѕSЂSѓSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ, S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ, RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S”RјRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-RїRµSЂSЃRѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅSѓ R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–SЋ"

RўSЂRµS‚S–R№ RЈRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃR°R» RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёRI SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRќR . RћRgRЅR°Rye, "RЅRµ RIS–RgRgS–R»SЏSЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RIS–Rg R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R RµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё R№ R·R±RµSЂS–RiR°SЋS‡Rё S”RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S—S—". R¦SЋ RїRѕR·RёS†S–SЋ SЂRѕR·RgS–R»SЏR»Rё S– S”RISЂRµS—R№SЃSЊRyeS– RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚Rё, RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё 5 RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№. R§RѕRјSѓ?

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R“S–SЂS–Rye: RЇRye RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRISѓRIR°S‚Rё RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— R· S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃS‚SѓRgS–R№? RџRѕRiR»SЏRg S–R·SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅRё

R’ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, SЏRye S– RI SЃSѓSЃS–RgRЅS–S… RїRѕSЃS‚SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S…, SЃS„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RgRѕRIRѕR»S– SЃRїRµS†RёS„S–S‡RЅR° S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–SЏ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— S– RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёS… RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–R№. R’S–Rg RїSЂRѕS„R°RЅR°S†S–S— RgRѕ S†S–R»RyeRѕRј SЏRyeS–SЃRЅRёS… R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI, RїSЂRѕ SЏRyeS– RїRёS€Rµ S–RЅRѕR·RµRјRЅR° RїSЂRµSЃR°. R”SѓRјRyeR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂR° R№ SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeR°.

R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R–R°R±RѕS‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№: R©Rѕ S‚R°RyeRµ RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ? RљSѓSЂR№RѕR· S‡Rё RIRёSЏRI R¶RёS‚S‚S”R·RgR°S‚RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃS‚RIR°?

R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S…S‚Rѕ SЃRµSЂRµRg RЅR°SЃ S– SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RIRIR°R¶R°SЋS‚SЊ RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR° R·R° S„S–R»RѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRёR№ RyeSѓSЂR№RѕR·. R‡Rј S†Rµ R·RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRёRIR°S†S‚RIRѕRј, RyeSѓSЂR№RѕR·RѕRј: R»SЋRgRёRЅR° S‡SѓRgRѕRIRѕ R·RЅR°R»R° RїRѕ-SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRё, RјRѕRiR»R° RїRёSЃR°S‚Rё S‚S– SЃR°RјS– RIS–SЂS€S– "RѕR±S‰RµSЋ" RјRѕRIRѕSЋ, R°R¶ RѕSЃSЊ S‚RѕR±S– vЂ” RIRїRµSЂR»R°SЃSЏ S– RїRёSЃR°R»R° RїRѕ-S…RѕS…R»R°S†SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ... RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ S” RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RїRѕRµS‚, S– SЃR°RјRµ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ R№RѕRiRѕ SЃRёR»R°.

RЁRёRјRѕRЅ R‘SЂS–RјR°RЅ : R—R°RiR°RgRyeRѕRIR° RgRѕR»SЏ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiRµSЂRѕSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё

RЈ RiSЂSѓRgRЅS– 2017 SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ R’S–RЅRЅRёS†S– R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚Rѕ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅSѓ RgRѕS€RyeSѓ RЅR° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ RЎRµRјRµRЅR° RЇRyeRµSЂSЃRѕRЅR° vЂ“ RѕS„S–S†RµSЂR°-S”RISЂRµSЏ R°SЂRјS–S— RЈRќR . RђR»Rµ R№RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RI RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–S— RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– S‚R° RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅRё SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕRyeSЂRёS‚S– S‚SѓRјR°RЅRѕRј RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЃS‚S–.

R’SЏS‡RµSЃR»R°RI R§RѕSЂRЅRѕRIS–R» - R·RµRyeS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R». R¤SЂR°RiRјRµRЅS‚ RyeRЅRёRiRё "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЃRёR»SѓRµS‚Rё"

R›RµRЅS–RЅRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚RѕSЂ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїR»SЏS” R·R° T‘SЂR°S‚Rё RљR“R‘, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј RgRѕ S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RI RњRѕSЂRgRѕRIS–S—, RgRµ RI S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RI RIRµSЃSЊ S†RIS–S‚ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, R»RёS‚RѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RIS–SЂRјRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, SЃS–RѕRЅS–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚R° S–RЅS€RёS… SЂSѓS…S–RI RѕRїRѕSЂSѓ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRјSѓ SЂRµR¶RёRјRѕRIS–. R—RЅR°R№RѕRјSЃS‚RIRѕ S”RISЂRµSЏ R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRјRё RI S‚R°R±RѕSЂS– RїRµSЂRµSЂRѕSЃS‚R°S” RI S–RЅS‚RµSЂRµSЃ, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј Sѓ RIRµR»RёRyeSѓ RїSЂRёSЏR·RЅSЊ (SЂRѕSЃ.).

R—SЏS‚SЊ RЁRѕR»RѕRј-RђR»RµR№S…RµRјR° S€SѓRyeR°RI S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeS–RI Sѓ RљRёS”RIS–

RЎS–RI SЏ S– RїRѕS‡R°RI RgSѓRјR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ S”RISЂRµS—RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI. RџSЂRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, SЏRyeS– S‚R°Rye RIRёS…RIR°R»SЏR»Rё RїRµSЂRµRgRѕ RјRЅRѕSЋ SЃRIRѕSЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ, S– RїSЂRѕ S”RISЂRµS—RI, SЏRyeS– R±RѕSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RIS–RgS–R·RIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ S‡RµSЂRµR· S‚RµR»RµS„RѕRЅ RgRѕ S”RISЂRµSЏ. R† SЃRїR°R»Rё RјRµRЅS– RЅR° RgSѓRјRyeSѓ SЃR»RѕRIR° RўRµRIS”: V«RђS…, R‘RѕR¶Rµ-R±SЂR°S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ R¶ RўRё S‚R°Rye RЅR°RїRѕSЃS–RISЃSЏ RЅR° SЃRIS–R№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg S–R·SЂR°S—R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№?V»

"RўSЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚RёR·Rј". RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° RїSЂRѕRIRѕRyeR°S†S–SЏ 1963 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

RњRѕSЃRyeRIR° RyeSЂRѕRIRЅRѕ R·R°S†S–RyeR°RIR»RµRЅR° RI S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰RѕR±Rё R·RЅRѕRISѓ RЅR°SЃS‚R°RIRёS‚Rё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё SЃRµR±Rµ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI S– S”RISЂRµS—RI, S”RISЂRµS—RI-RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅ RЈRЎRЎR  S– SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRµ S”RISЂRµR№SЃS‚RIRѕ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. RњRѕSЃRyeRIR° R·R°R·RgR°R»RµRiS–RgSЊ S– RїSЂRµRIRµRЅS‚RёRIRЅRѕ RїSЂRёS‰RµRїR»SЋS” SЏSЂR»RёRye R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚RёR·RјSѓ RgRѕ S€R»SЏS…RµS‚RЅRёS… RїSЂR°RiRЅRµRЅSЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃS‚RIR°, R±SѓS‚Rё SЃRIRѕR±S–RgRЅRёRјRё. RЇRyeRµ RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅRµ RјRѕSЂR°R»SЊRЅRµ R·R»Rѕ S‡RёRЅRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRѕSЋ, RyeRѕR»Rё SЂS–RIRЅRѕS‡R°SЃRЅRѕ R· RїRѕRЅSЏS‚S‚SЏRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃS‚RIR° R°SЃRѕS†S–SЋS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚RёR·Rј.

"R’RѕSЂRѕR¶S–" SЏR»RёRЅRyeRѕRIS– S–RiSЂR°S€RyeRё S‚R° "RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅS– SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё": RљR“R‘ RЈR RЎR  RїSЂRѕS‚Rё SЃS–RѕRЅS–R·RјSѓ

R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRЅR° RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR° RyeR»RµR№RјRёR»R° S–SѓRgRµR№SЃSЊRyeSѓ SЂRµR»S–RiS–SЋ SЏRye "S–RgRµR№RЅSѓ RѕSЃRЅRѕRISѓ SЃS–RѕRЅS–R·RјSѓ". "R†SѓRgR°S—R·Rј, SЏRye S– SЃS–RѕRЅS–R·Rј vЂ” SЂRµR°RyeS†S–R№RЅR°, RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–SЏ, RїSЂRѕR№RЅSЏS‚R° RјS–SЃS‚RёRyeRѕSЋ S– SЃRyeRµSЂRѕRIR°RЅR° RїSЂRѕS‚Rё SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRёS… S–RЅS‚RµSЂRЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёS… R·R°RIRgR°RЅSЊ RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂS–R°S‚Sѓ", vЂ” RїRёSЃR°R»Rё RI RyeRЅRёR·S– "R†SѓRgR°S—R·Rј R±RµR· RїSЂRёRyeSЂR°SЃ".
RџSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

RџSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓS”RјRѕ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S— RїSЂRѕ S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–SЋ RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–S— S– RIRѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅS– R·RgRѕR±SѓS‚RyeRё RЅR°S€RёS… R·RµRјR»SЏRyeS–RI R·R° RѕRyeRµR°RЅRѕRј. RџS–RѕRЅRµSЂSЃSЊRyeS– S‡R°SЃRё, S–RЅS‚RµSЂRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RџRµSЂS€RѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё, S…RIRёR»S– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·SЃS–SЏRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R·R°SЂRѕR±S–S‚S‡R°RЅSЃS‚RIR°, RїRѕRgRIRёRiRё RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R†R† SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS—, SЃRїRѕSЂS‚RёRIRЅS– S‚R° RјRёSЃS‚RµS†SЊRyeS– RgRѕSЃSЏRiRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ, RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS– RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–S— - RISЃRµ S†Rµ S– S” S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RљR°RЅR°RgRё. RџSЂRѕ S†Rµ S– RЅR°S€ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚.

R—R°SѓRIR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S– RїSЂRѕRїRѕR·RёS†S–S— SЂRµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRgRё"  R·R°RїSЂRѕS€SѓS” RЅR°RgSЃRёR»R°S‚Rё RЅR° RµR»RµRyeS‚SЂRѕRЅRЅSѓ R°RgSЂRµSЃSѓ istpravda@gmail.com  

R”RµS‚R°R»SЊRЅS–S€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚R—RiRѕSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё