RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° R RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917-1921

RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeR° RџRѕRyeSЂRѕRIR°. RЈRќR  RЅR° RyeSЂR°SЋ R±RµR·RѕRgRЅS–

RЈ R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RyeRµSЂRјR°RЅRёS‡S– RЈRќR  SѓRїRµSЂS€Rµ R·R° RIRµSЃSЊ S‡R°SЃ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»Rё RїSЂRёRISЃRµR»SЋRgRЅSѓ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚Sѓ RїSЂRёSЃSЏRiSѓ RЅR° RIS–SЂRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–S†S–. R¦SЏ RїRѕRgS–SЏ R·R°R»RёS€RёR»R° SЃR»S–Rg Sѓ RїR°Rј`SЏS‚S– R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS… SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRёS… R·RјR°RiR°RЅSЊ, S…RѕS‡R° R№ RЅRµ R·RјS–RЅRёR»R° RїRµSЂRµR±S–Ri RIS–R№RЅRё R·R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ.

RЎRISЏS‚Rѕ RїSЂRёSЃSЏRiRё RЈRќR 

"R’SЃS– RѕRiR»SЏRgR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°R·R°Rg S– RgRёRIR»SЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†SЋ, RїRѕ SЏRyeS–R№ RїSЂRѕRЅRѕSЃRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° R°RIS‚RѕRјRѕR±S–R»S–RI: "RћRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR°... RЎRїRµSЂRµRgSѓ... " 14 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIS–R№ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– RЈRќR  RљR°RјKјSЏRЅS†S–-RџRѕRgS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЊ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚R° RїSЂRёSЃSЏRiR° S‡RёRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeS–RI S‚R° RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°

RџRµSЂS€R° R°RyeR°RgRµRјS–S‡RЅR° RЅRµSЂSѓS…RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ: SЏRye RїR°RЅSЃS–RѕRЅ RiSЂR°S„RёRЅS– R›RµRIR°S€RѕRIRѕS— SЃS‚R°RI RIR»R°SЃRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°RyeR°RgRµRјS–S— RЅR°SѓRye

RЈ RљRёS”RIS– RgRѕR±SЂRµ RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ S‚SЂRёRїRѕRIRµSЂS…RѕRIRёR№ R±SѓRgRёRЅRѕRye RїRѕ RISѓR»RёS†S– R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂSЃSЊRyeS–R№, 54. R— R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±SѓRgRёRЅRѕRye S” RIR»R°SЃRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RђRyeR°RgRµRјS–S— RЅR°SѓRye, S†Rµ S€S‚R°R±-RyeRIR°SЂS‚RёSЂR° RџSЂRµR·RёRgS–S— RќRђRќRЈ. R’R»R°SЃRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RђRyeR°RgRµRјS–S— RIS–RЅ SЃS‚R°RI R·R°RIRgSЏRyeRё RџR°RIR»Sѓ RЎRyeRѕSЂRѕRїR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S‚R° R№RѕRiRѕ RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅS– RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂS–, R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂSѓ R’RµSЂRЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ, RђRiR°S‚R°RЅRiRµR»Sѓ RљSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S–... RђRЅS‚RѕRЅSѓ R”RµRЅS–RyeS–RЅSѓ.

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕR·R°Rye": 12 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1919: RЎRIS–S‚R»RѕS— RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚Rё SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёRЅRё RњRёS…R°R№R»R° RћRIS‡R°SЂR°

R’ RIRµR»RµS‚RµRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±S– R·R° RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRµ RIRёR·RIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RѕRg S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёS… S– S‡RѕSЂRЅRёS… S–RјRїRµSЂS–R°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃS–RgR°SЋS‚SЊ RЅR° RЅR°S€Sѓ R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅSѓ R· SѓSЃS–S… R±RѕRyeS–RI, RiRёRЅRµ S†RIS–S‚ S– RyeSЂR°SЃR° RЅR°S€RѕS— RЅR°S†S–S—, S—S— RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰S–, RЅR°R№RѕRgR±S–SЂRЅS–R№S€S–, RЅR°R№RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅS–R№S€S–, RЅR°R№RIS–SЂRЅS–R№S€S– SЃRёRЅRё

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "R R°RgR°": 9 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ (29 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ) 1919: RЎRISЏS‚Rѕ RљRѕS‚R»SЏSЂRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ

150-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ R†RIR°RЅR° RљRѕS‚R»SЏSЂRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёR»R° RgRѕSЃS‚RѕR№RЅRѕ. RџS–Rg V«R±S–R»RѕSЋ RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S”SЋV» Sѓ RџRѕR»S‚R°RIS– RјS–SЃS†RµRIR° RџSЂRѕSЃRIS–S‚R° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»R° RЅR°RgR·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRµ RјR°SЃRѕRIRµ SЃRISЏS‚RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ.

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ "R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё": 12 R»RёRїRЅSЏ (29 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ) 1917: RЎS‚R°RЅS†S–SЏ RGR°RЅR¶RµRЅRyeRѕRIRѕ RЅR° R”RѕRЅS‰RёRЅS–

RЈ RGR°RЅR¶RµRЅRyeRѕRIRѕRјSѓ Sѓ 1917 SЂ. RgS–SЏR»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR°

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "RќRѕRIR° SЂR°RgR°": 5 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ (23 R»RёRїRЅSЏ) 1917: R›SѓRiR°RЅSЃSЊRye. R”SЂSѓRiRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R·vЂ™S—R·Rg

R”SЂSѓRiRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕRIS–S‚RѕRIRёR№ R·vЂ™S—R·Rg Sѓ R›SѓRiR°RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ 5 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ (23 R»RёRїRЅSЏ) 1917 SЂ.

R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R’RёRЅRЅRёS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ: RћRyeSЂRёRIRgR¶RµRЅRёR№ RљR°S—RЅ

R†R· RЅRµR±SѓS‚S‚SЏ RISЃS‚R°R»R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RЅR°S†S–SЏ. RќS–, RЅRµ R· RЅRµR±SѓS‚S‚SЏ, R° R· R·R°R±SѓS‚S‚SЏ, R· SЃRѕSЂRѕRјSѓ, R·S– SЃRјRѕSЂRѕRgSѓ, R· RIS–RyeRѕRIRѕS— RyeRѕRIR±R°RЅS–, RgRµ R»RµR¶R°R»Rё RјRё RїSЂRёRgSѓS€RµRЅS– RIS–RyeRѕRIRёRјRё, S‚SЏR¶RµR»RµR·RЅRёRјRё RyeR°RјS–RЅRЅSЏRјRё SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃR°RјRѕRgRµSЂR¶R°RISЃS‚RIR°. R RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ R·R° RIRѕR»RѕSЃSЃSЏ RIRёS‚SЏRiR»R° RЅR°SЃ RЅR° SЃRIS–S‚ R±RѕR¶RёR№ S– RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёR»R° RЅR° R±RµSЂRµR·S–: R° RЅSѓ, RјR°SЂS€, R¶RёRIRё!

R“RµRЅRЅR°RgS–R№ R†RIR°RЅSѓS‰RµRЅRyeRѕ: R’S–RgRyeSЂRёS‚S‚SЏ RїR°RјSЏS‚RЅRёRyeR° RЅR° RјRѕRiRёR»S– RyeSЂSѓS‚SЏRЅS†SЏ RЎRµSЂRiS–SЏ R„RIS‚RёRјRѕRIRёS‡R° Sѓ R’RµR»RёRyeRѕR±SЂRёS‚R°RЅS–S—. R¤RћRўRћ

R§RµSЂRµR· 55 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RIS–Rg SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– RЎRµSЂRiS–SЏ R„RIS‚RёRјRѕRIRёS‡R° RЅR° R№RѕRiRѕ RјRѕRiRёR»S– R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRѕ RїR°Rј`SЏS‚RЅS– R·R°S…RѕRgRё, RgRµ R№RѕRiRѕ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ RIS€R°RЅRѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё, SЏRye SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeR° R±RѕSЋ RїS–Rg RљSЂSѓS‚R°RјRё. RџRѕSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RїR°Rј`SЏS‚RЅRёRyeR° RIS–RgR±SѓR»RѕSЃSЏ RЅR° RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰S– RќRѕS‚S–RЅRiR°Rј R RѕR°Rg RI Rј. R”R°SЂR±S– 21 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 2019 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

R’S–S‚R°R»S–R№ RЎRyeR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№: RљR°SЂRЅR° RµRyeSЃRїRµRgRёS†S–SЏ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRЅRёR¶RyeRё

19 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– R±SѓR»Rѕ SЂRѕR·RiSЂRѕRјR»RµRЅRѕ RѕRgRЅSѓ S–R· RЅR°R№SЃS‚R°SЂS–S€RёS… S‚R° RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕRјRѕRIRЅRёS… RyeRЅRёRiR°SЂRµRЅSЊ. RўSЂRѕS…Rё R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ SЃRѕSЂRѕRyeR° S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RyeRЅRёR¶RѕRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃRїR°R»RµRЅRѕ. RўR°Rye RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЊ R·RЅRёS‰RёS‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeRё V«S”RgS–RЅRѕR№, RЅS”RgS”R»S–RјRѕR№ R RѕSЃS–S—V»

R RѕRјR°RЅ RђRyeR±R°S€: RџRѕRgSЏRyeR° R·R°S…RёSЃRЅRёRyeR°Rј RјRѕRiRѕ RјS–SЃS‚R°

R”RЅSЏRјRё RIRёRїRѕRIRЅRёRISЃSЏ 101 SЂS–Rye SЏRye RјRѕS” SЂS–RgRЅRµ RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ vЂ“ S‚RѕRgS– RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂS–RISЃSЊRye, R° RЅRёRЅS– vЂ“ R—R°RїRѕSЂS–R¶R¶SЏ, RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ RgR°R»Rѕ RIS–RgRyeRѕS€R° R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°Rј. R’S–RgSЃS–S‡ "S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёRј" RgR°R»Rё RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeRё S‚R° R±S–R№S†S– RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»S–RI RЈRќR , SЏRyeS– R±SѓR»Rё Sѓ RјS–SЃS‚S– S‰Rµ R· R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 17-RiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ

RџR°SЃRyeSѓRgR°. RќR°R№RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RёR№ RїSЂRµRјS”SЂ RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё

RќR°R№RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RёR№ RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRµRјKјS”SЂ SЃS‚R°RI RiRѕR»RѕRIRѕSЋ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RЅRµR·R°RgRѕRIRiRѕ RgRѕ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ 33-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ. RљRѕR»RµRiRё-RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё RїSЂRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRiSѓRyeSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RЅRµ RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёRјRё SЃR»RѕRIR°RјRё. RџR°SЃRyeSѓRgR° - R·RIRёS‡RЅRµ SЃR»RѕRIRѕ RЅR° R°RgSЂRµSЃSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRµRјKјS”SЂ-RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° Sѓ 1918 SЂRѕS†S–.

R©RѕSЂSЃ. RўR°S”RјRЅRёS†SЏ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– S‚R° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye RјS–S„Sѓ

RЎS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RјS–S„Sѓ RїSЂRѕ R©RѕSЂSЃR° R±SѓR»Rѕ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRёRј R·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј. R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RIR»R°RgS– S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё S„S–R»SЊRј R”RѕRIR¶RµRЅRyeR° RyeRѕS€S‚SѓRIR°RI 5 RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅS–RI SЂSѓR±R»S–RI vЂ“ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RЅR° 2 RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅRё R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ R·R°RїR»R°RЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ R±SЋRgR¶RµS‚Sѓ. RЎR°RјRѕRјSѓ R”RѕRIR¶RµRЅRyeRѕRIS– V«R©RѕSЂSЃV» RyeRѕS€S‚SѓRIR°RI R·RgRѕSЂRѕRIvЂ™SЏ. RЈ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚SЂR°RїRёRISЃSЏ S–RЅS„R°SЂRyeS‚.

vЂњRћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†SЏvЂќ, R°R±Rѕ SЏRye RљR°RјvЂ™SЏRЅRµS†SЊ RЅR° S‚SЂRё RgRЅS– RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RI RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ

R’RѕSЂRѕRi R±SѓRI R·RѕRISЃS–Rј R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ. R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё R·R°SЃS–R»Rё RЅR° SЃSѓSЃS–RgRЅSЊRѕRјSѓ RїRѕR»S–, S‚R° S…R»RѕRїS†S– R· R§RѕS‚Rё RїS–S€RѕS— SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё RўSЂRµS‚SЊRѕS— R·R°R»S–R·RЅRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— R”S–S”RIRѕS— RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  RїSЂRѕ S†Rµ RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё. R—R°RiS–RЅ SЂRѕR·RgS–R»RёRISЃSЏ: RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅR° SЂSѓS€RёR»R° R»S–RIRёRј R±RµSЂRµRiRѕRј RЎRјRѕS‚SЂRёS‡Sѓ, R° RgR°R»S– RїRµSЂRµR№S€R»R° SЂS–S‡RyeSѓ RIR±SЂS–Rg. R†RЅS€S– RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕSЋ RїRѕRIR· RџRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeSѓ R±SЂR°RјSѓ. RџR°RЅS†RµSЂRЅRёRye vЂњRџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR°vЂќ S—S…R°RI SЃR»S–RgRѕRј R·R° R·R°RiRѕRЅRѕRј. RўR° RїRѕS‚S–Rј R·SѓRїRёRЅRёRISЃSЏ, S‡RµRyeR°SЋS‡Rё RЅR° SЃRIS–R№ S‡R°SЃvЂ¦.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?
RџSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

RЎRїRµS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917-1921" RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°S‚RёRјRµ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, SЏRye R·R°RyeR»R°RgR°R»RёSЃSЏ S„SѓRЅRgR°RјRµRЅS‚Rё RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI RјRё RјR°S”RјRѕ SЃRїRѕRgS–RIR°RЅRЅSЏ SЃRyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓRIR°S‚Rё S‚SѓS‚ RЅR°R№RIR°R¶R»RёRIS–S€S– S‚R° RЅR°R№S†S–RyeR°RIS–S€S– S‚RµRyeSЃS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ S†RµR№ S‡R°SЃ.

R”RµS‚R°R»SЊRЅS–S€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚R—RiRѕSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё