RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° R RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917-1921

"RЁR°SЂR»RѕS‚S‚R°" RїSЂRѕS‚Rё "R”RѕSЂRѕS‚RµS—". RЇRye R—RµR»RµRЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёS… RЅR° R”RЅS–RїSЂS– RIRѕSЋRIR°RI

"vЂ¦RјRё RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅS– R·R°SЏRIRёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RgR°R»SЊS€R° SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ R°RIS–R°S†S–S— Sѓ SЃRїSЂR°RIS– RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕS— R»S–RyeRIS–R°S†S–S— R°RЅS‚RёSЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ R±SѓRgRµ RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIR°, RѕSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RI R»S–S‚R°RyeRё, SЏRyeS– R»RµS‚S–R»Rё SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS–, R±SѓR»Rѕ RIR»RёS‚Rѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– RyeSЂR°RїR»RёRЅRё RЅR°SЏRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RI RЅR°SЃ R±RµRЅR·RёRЅSѓ, SЏRyeRёR№ RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡R°RISЃSЏ RgR»SЏ RїRµSЂRµR»SЊRѕS‚Sѓ RљRёS—RIvЂ”R‘SѓRgR°RїRµS€S‚".

RЇRye RЅRµ RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR»Rё RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ. RџRµSЂS€RёR№ RЈRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃR°R» Sѓ RgRµS‚R°R»SЏS…

RЈRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃR°R» RїRёSЃR°R»Rё Sѓ RњR°R»S–R№ R R°RgS–. R•SЃRµSЂRё R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё RgSѓR¶Rµ RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRёR№ S‚RµRyeSЃS‚. RЈS‚S–Rј R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕRј RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS–Rј RIS–RЅ R·RgR°RISЃSЏ RЅR°RgS‚Rѕ SЂR°RgRёRyeR°R»SЊRЅRёRј. RўRѕRgS– SЃRIS–R№ RIR°SЂS–R°RЅS‚ R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R’RёRЅRЅRёS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ "R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё": 12 R»RёRїRЅSЏ (29 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ) 1917: RЎS‚R°RЅS†S–SЏ RGR°RЅR¶RµRЅRyeRѕRIRѕ RЅR° R”RѕRЅS‰RёRЅS–

RЈ RGR°RЅR¶RµRЅRyeRѕRIRѕRјSѓ Sѓ 1917 SЂ. RgS–SЏR»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR°

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "RќRѕRIR° SЂR°RgR°": 5 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ (23 R»RёRїRЅSЏ) 1917: R›SѓRiR°RЅSЃSЊRye. R”SЂSѓRiRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R·vЂ™S—R·Rg

R”SЂSѓRiRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕRIS–S‚RѕRIRёR№ R·vЂ™S—R·Rg Sѓ R›SѓRiR°RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ 5 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ (23 R»RёRїRЅSЏ) 1917 SЂ.

RћSЃS‚R°Rї R’RѕR№RЅR°SЂRµRЅRyeRѕ: 21(8) RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1917: R—S– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI RїSЂRѕ 1917 SЂS–Rye

"RљR°R¶S–S‚SЊ, RЅR°RyeR°R·SѓR№S‚Rµ RЅR°Rј, S– S„R»SЊRѕS‚R° RїS–S€RyeRё RїSЂRёR№RgRµ R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRёS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ!"

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R„S„SЂRµRјRѕRI: 20 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1918: RќRµR±RµR·RїRµRyeR° RїRѕRїSѓR»S–R·RјSѓ, R°R±Rѕ R·RЅRёR·RёRјRѕ S†S–RЅSѓ RЅR° S…R»S–R± SѓRgRIS–S‡S–!

RЇRye S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё RgRѕ RљRёS”RIR° R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё, S‚Rѕ RЅR°RyeR°R·R°R»Rё R·RЅRёR·RёS‚Rё S†S–RЅSѓ RЅR° S…R»S–R± R· 35 RyeRѕRїS–R№RѕRye RgRѕ 15. R¦SЏ "SЂRµS„RѕSЂRјR°" RїSЂRѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R°SЃSЊ SЂS–RIRЅRѕ RѕRgRёRЅ RgRµRЅSЊ.

R RѕRјR°RЅ RђRyeR±R°S€: RџRѕRgSЏRyeR° R·R°S…RёSЃRЅRёRyeR°Rј RјRѕRiRѕ RјS–SЃS‚R°

R”RЅSЏRјRё RIRёRїRѕRIRЅRёRISЃSЏ 101 SЂS–Rye SЏRye RјRѕS” SЂS–RgRЅRµ RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ vЂ“ S‚RѕRgS– RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂS–RISЃSЊRye, R° RЅRёRЅS– vЂ“ R—R°RїRѕSЂS–R¶R¶SЏ, RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ RgR°R»Rѕ RIS–RgRyeRѕS€R° R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°Rј. R’S–RgSЃS–S‡ "S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёRј" RgR°R»Rё RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeRё S‚R° R±S–R№S†S– RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»S–RI RЈRќR , SЏRyeS– R±SѓR»Rё Sѓ RјS–SЃS‚S– S‰Rµ R· R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 17-RiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ

RўR°RјR°SЂR° RђSЂS…RёRїS‡SѓRye: RЎRїSЂR°RIR° RѕRiS–S—RISЃSЊRyeRёS… V«RїRёSЂS–R¶RyeS–RIV»

R’ RѕRgRЅSѓ R· S‚RёS… RgR°R»RµRyeRёS… RЅRѕS‡RµR№ 1921 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RgRѕ S…R°S‚Rё R·R°RIS–S‚R°R»Rё RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјS– S– RїS–Rg RїRµSЂRµR»SЏRyeR°RЅRёR№ RyeSЂRёRye RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRё R›S–RyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂRё, RIRgR°SЂRёRIS€Rё S—S— RїSЂRёRyeR»R°RgRѕRј RїRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRIS–, RIRёRїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё RyeSѓR»SЋ RI RiSЂSѓRgRё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R° R”RјRёS‚SЂR° RљRѕSЂR¶R°.
RўRѕRgS– RI RѕRgRЅSѓ RЅS–S‡ R±SѓR»Rѕ RIR±RёS‚Rѕ SѓSЃS–S… SЃS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRјRЅRµR·R°RјS–RIS†S–RI. RџSЂRёS‡RµS‚RЅRёS… RgRѕ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR° RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·RЅR°R№RgRµRЅRѕ. Rђ RїRѕRyeR°SЂR°S‚Rё R±RѕRgR°R№ RyeRѕRiRѕSЃSЊ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRѕ.

R’S–S‚R°R»S–R№ RЎRyeR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№: RЇRye R“RµS‚SЊRјR°RЅ RIRѕS”RЅRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°RЅ R·R°RїSЂRѕRIR°RgR¶SѓRIR°RI

R’RѕS”RЅRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°RЅ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R·R°RїSЂRѕRIR°RgR¶SѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅRµ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ. 100 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ, Sѓ R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgS– 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅ RџR°RIR»Rѕ RЎRyeRѕSЂRѕRїR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R·R°RїSЂRѕRIR°RgRёRI RIRѕS”RЅRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°RЅ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RI SѓSЃS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R”RµSЂR¶R°RIS–. RљSЂRёRIR°RIR° R±S–R№RЅSЏ SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё RЅR°R±R»RёR¶R°R»R°SЃSЊ RgRѕ R·R°RIRµSЂS€RµRЅRЅSЏ. R§RµS‚RIRµSЂS‚RЅRёR№ SЃRѕSЋR· R·R°R·RЅR°RI RїRѕSЂR°R·RyeRё. R— RgRЅSЏ RЅR° RgRµRЅSЊ RѕS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°R»Rё RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅRЅSЏ RљRѕRјRїʼS”RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµRјRёSЂʼSЏ. "RљR»R°RїS‚RёRyeRѕRIR° S–RјRїRµSЂS–SЏ" - RђRISЃS‚SЂRѕ-RЈRiRѕSЂS‰RёRЅR° - SЂRѕR·RїR°RgR°R»R°SЃSЊ RЅR° S€RјR°S‚RyeRё. RџSЂRѕ SЃRIRѕS— RїSЂR°RiRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR»Rё S…RѕSЂRIR°S‚Rё, SЃR»RѕRIRµRЅS†S–, S‡RµS…Rё. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–, SЂSѓRјSѓRЅRё, RїRѕR»SЏRyeRё S‚R° SЃRµSЂR±Rё S€SѓRyeR°R»Rё RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕSЃS‚S– RIRѕR·R·vЂ™S”RgRЅR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S–RЅS€RёRјRё S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR°RјRё SЃRIRѕS—S… RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI.

R’S–S‚R°R»S–R№ RЎRyeR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№: RЎS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeS– R·R°RIRѕSЂSѓS€RµRЅRЅSЏ 14-15 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

15 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– RїSЂRѕR»SѓRЅR°R»Rё RїRѕSЃS‚SЂS–R»Rё. R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRЅR° RIR°SЂS‚R° S‚R°RyeRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј SЂRѕR·RiR°RЅSЏR»R° RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЋ SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI, S‰Rѕ RЅRµ S…RѕS‚S–R»Rё R№S‚Rё RI R°SЂRјS–SЋ.

RќR°S‡Rµ RїRѕRgRёS… RIS–S‚SЂSѓ. R§RѕSЂS‚RyeS–RISЃSЊRyeR° RѕS„RµRЅR·RёRIR° R“R°R»RёS†SЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

R§RѕSЂS‚RyeS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕR»RѕRј, SЏRye R·RiRѕRgRѕRј RѕS…SЂRµSЃS‚RёR»Rё S†RµR№ R±S–R№, RЅR°S‡Rµ RїRѕRgRёS… RIS–S‚SЂSѓ, S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR·RgRјSѓS…R°RI R¶R°SЂ RїS–Rg RїRѕRїRµR»RѕRј, SЂR°RgRёRyeR°R»SЊRЅRѕ R·RјS–RЅRёRI RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— S‚R° SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIR°. RџRѕRISЃSЋRgRё RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RјRѕRiSѓS‚RЅS” RјRѕSЂR°R»SЊRЅRµ RїS–RgRЅRµSЃRµRЅRЅSЏ, SЏRyeRµ SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeRё SЃRїSЂR°RIRµRgR»RёRIRѕ RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЋRIR°R»Rё R· R’RµR»RёRyeRѕRgRЅRµRј. R—RЅRёRyeR»Rѕ RgRµR·RµSЂS‚RёSЂSЃS‚RIRѕ, RЅR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° S‚RёSЃSЏS‡R°RјRё R·RiRѕR»RѕS€SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»SЊS†S–.

RљR°RјSЏRЅRµS†SЊ-RџRѕRgS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№. RЇRye RїRµS‚R»SЋSЂS–RIS†S– R·SЂRѕR±RёR»Rё S‚Rµ, S‡RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R·RјS–Ri SЃSѓR»S‚R°RЅ RћSЃRјR°RЅ R†R†

3 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RђSЂRјS–SЏ RЈRќR  R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRёR»R° RљR°RјvЂ™SЏRЅRµS†SЊ-RџRѕRgS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–Rg R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI. RќR° RїvЂ™SЏS‚SЊ R· RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅRѕSЋ RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI S†Rµ SЃS‚R°SЂRѕRIRёRЅRЅRµ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†RµSЋ RЈRќR 

R’S–Rg S‚SЋSЂRјRё RgRѕ R±SѓR»R°RIRё: SЏRye RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° RѕS‡RѕR»RёRI RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR°

R©RѕR№RЅRѕ RIRёR№S€RѕRIS€Rё S–R· R›SѓRyevЂ™SЏRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIvЂ™SЏR·RЅRёS†S– RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°RI R°RЅS‚RёRiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ. RќR° S†Rµ R№RѕRјSѓ R·RЅR°RgRѕR±RёR»RѕSЃSЊ S‚SЂRѕS…Rё RјRµRЅS€Rµ S‚RёR¶RЅSЏ.

RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° R±RµR· R±SЂRѕRЅR·Rё, R°R»Rµ Sѓ S„R°SЂR±R°S…

R S–Rye 1917-R№ S‰Rµ RЅRµ R±SѓRI SЂRѕRyeRѕRј RЎRёRјRѕRЅR° RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё. RќRµR·R°RїRµSЂRµS‡RЅRёRј R»S–RgRµSЂRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ RIS–RЅ SЃS‚R°RI SЂRѕRyeSѓ 1919.
RџSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

RЎRїRµS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917-1921" RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°S‚RёRјRµ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, SЏRye R·R°RyeR»R°RgR°R»RёSЃSЏ S„SѓRЅRgR°RјRµRЅS‚Rё RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI RјRё RјR°S”RјRѕ SЃRїRѕRgS–RIR°RЅRЅSЏ SЃRyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓRIR°S‚Rё S‚SѓS‚ RЅR°R№RIR°R¶R»RёRIS–S€S– S‚R° RЅR°R№S†S–RyeR°RIS–S€S– S‚RµRyeSЃS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ S†RµR№ S‡R°SЃ.

R”RµS‚R°R»SЊRЅS–S€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚R—RiRѕSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё