RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° R RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917-1921

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R“S–SЂS–Rye: RiR°SЃR»R° RЈRќR  RЅR°RiR°RgSѓRIR°R»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeS–

R†RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ R· RyeR°RЅRgRёRgR°S‚RѕRј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RЅR°SѓRye, RIS‡RµRЅRёRј SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRµRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЃRѕS†S–R°S†S–S— SЋRgR°S—RyeRё RЎRµSЂRiS–S”Rј R“S–SЂS–RyeRѕRј

"RќRµR·SЂS–RIRЅSЏRЅRЅRёR№ RiR°SЂRјR°S‚RЅRёRye" RЎRµRјRµRЅ R›RѕS‰RµRЅRyeRѕ

R’S–RЅ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ S– RIRёSЂS–SЃ RЅR° RѕRyeSѓRїRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ S‚RµRїRµSЂ R›SѓRiR°RЅS‰RёRЅS–, R±SѓRI RЅR°R№RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RёRј R±RѕR№RѕRIRёRј RyeRѕRјR±SЂRёRiRѕRј RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR . R™RѕRiRѕ RiR°SЂRјR°S‚R° RїS–Rg RљSЂSѓS‚R°RјRё "RЅR°SЂRѕR±RёR»R° R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RyeR»RѕRїRѕS‚Sѓ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°Rј". RќR°SЂRµS€S‚S– S” R№RѕRiRѕ S„RѕS‚Rѕ, RgR°S‚R° SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– S– RIS–RgRЅR°R№RgRµRЅRѕ RјRѕRiRёR»Sѓ. R”RѕSЃS– RIRIR°R¶R°RISЃSЏ R·RЅRёRyeR»RёRј Sѓ 1940-S… SЂRѕRyeR°S…, R° RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ 1980-S….

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S–. R–RёRIRёR№ S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RgRЅRёRye

RќS–, RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RЅRµ RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚S–. R’S–RЅ S‚R° R†RIR°RЅ RќRµS‡SѓR№-R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ - RgRIR° RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeRё-RyeR»R°SЃRёRyeRё, S…S‚Rѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ. R† S…RѕS‡R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRјR°RЅ "RGS–R±R° SЂRµRISѓS‚SЊ RIRѕR»Rё, SЏRye SЏSЃR»R° RїRѕRIRЅS–" RIRёRIS‡R°R»Rё RI S€RyeRѕR»S– RISЃS– R±RµR· RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ - RЅRµR°R±RёSЏRyeR° RЅRѕRIRёRЅR°.

R‘RѕSЂRёSЃ RњRѕRЅRyeRµRIRёS‡: 10 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1920: R‘S–R№ R·R° RЎRјS–R»Sѓ

R’RѕSЂRѕRi RјR°R№R¶Rµ RЅRµ SЂRѕR±RёRI SЃRїSЂRѕS‚RёRISѓ, SЂR°S…SѓSЋS‡Rё RISЃRµ S†Rµ RЅRµRїRѕSЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏRј. R§SѓS‚Rё R±SѓR»Rѕ SѓRIRµSЃSЊ S‡R°SЃ: "RўRѕRIR°SЂS–S‰S–, S‡S‚Rѕ RIRё RgS”R»R°S”S‚S”, vЂ” RјRё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё"?! RЈ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RЅRµSЃR»RѕSЃSЊ S—Rј: "A, RїSЂRѕRyeR»SЏS‚SѓS‰S–, RјRµRЅS– RIR°SЃ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R№ S‚SЂRµR±R°", vЂ” R° RgR°R»S– SЃRIRёSЃS‚ S€R°R±R»SЋRyeRё...

RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR°: 5 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1919: RћS‚R°RјR°RЅRѕRIS– RћRјRµR»SЏRЅRѕRIRёS‡Sѓ-RџR°RIR»RµRЅRyeSѓ

5 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1919 SЂ. R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRёR№ RћS‚R°RјR°RЅ RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RёRI RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°S‡RµRј R”S–S”RIRѕS— RђSЂRјS–S— RњRёS…R°R№R»R° RћRјRµR»SЏRЅRѕRIRёS‡R°-RџR°RIR»RµRЅRyeR°

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ "R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё": 15 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1919: R S–Rye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—

RЎRїSЂR°RIR¶RЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЊ 15 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ - S‚R°Rye RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂRё "R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё". RЎRIRѕSЋ R°SЂRiSѓRјRµRЅS‚R°S†S–SЋ RIRѕRЅRё RЅR°RIRµR»Rё Sѓ SЂRµRgR°RyeS†S–R№RЅS–R№ SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S– S‡RµSЂRµR· SЂS–Rye RїS–SЃR»SЏ RѕRїRёSЃSѓRIR°RЅRёS… RїRѕRgS–R№

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°": 22 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1919: R–R°S…

RЈ SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RљRёS—RI RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI RјR°SЃS€S‚R°R±RЅRёR№ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRј. RџSЂRёS‡RёRЅRѕSЋ SЃS‚R°R»Rё R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚SЃSЊRyeS– SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S– Sѓ RiR°R·RµS‚R°S… "RљRёRµRIR»SЏRЅRёRЅ" S‚R° "R’RµS‡RµSЂRЅRёRµ RѕRiRЅRё". RЈ S†RёS… SЃS‚R°S‚S‚SЏS… S”RISЂRµS—RI RѕRiSѓR»SЊRЅRѕ R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡SѓRIR°R»Rё Sѓ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјS†S– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI

R®SЂS–R№ RњRёS‚SЂRѕS„R°RЅRµRЅRyeRѕ: R“RѕS‚SѓR№ RЅRѕRIRёS… R±RѕSЂS†S–RI, RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ RЇSЂRµ!

RЎR°RјRµ S‚R°RyeRёRјRё R±SѓR»Rё RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– SЃR»RѕRIR° R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°RyeR° vЂ“ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ. R¦S– S‚RµSЂRµRЅRё, S‡RёRјRѕSЃSЊ RїRѕRgS–R±RЅS– RgRѕ RљR°SЂRїR°S‚, R±SѓR»Rё V«RЅRµRїRѕS…RёS‚RЅRёRј S‚R° RЅRµRIR±R»R°RiR°RЅRЅRёRј RIRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRјV» RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS–RI RѕRїRѕSЂSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RѕRyeSѓRїR°RЅS‚R°Rј.
R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°Rye R·R°RiRёRЅSѓRI Sѓ R±RѕSЋ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RЅR° S…SѓS‚RѕSЂS– RљSЂRµSЃRµR»SЊS†S–, RЅRµRїRѕRgR°R»S–Rye RIS–Rg RњRѕS‚SЂRѕRЅRёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRѕRЅR°SЃS‚RёSЂSЏ. R”RѕRЅRµRgR°RIRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕS— RgR°S‚Rё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R±RѕSЋ.

RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ R SѓRyeRyeR°SЃ: V«RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°RјV» vЂ“ 102 SЂRѕRyeRё!

12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R»SѓRЅR°R»R° RјRѕRiSѓS‚RЅSЏ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!". RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RI R—R±SЂRѕR№RЅRёS… RЎRёR»R°S… RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµR№RЅSЏRI SЃS‚R°SЂRёS… R±RѕR№RѕRIRёS… S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№. RќRµRјR°S” Sѓ RЅR°SЃ RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅS–S… "RЎS–SЂRёS…" S‡Rё "RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI". R— SЏRyeRѕS— RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRё vЂ“ RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ. RњRѕR¶Rµ RyeRѕR»S–SЂ RЅRµ RїRѕRgRѕR±R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RјRѕR¶Rµ R¶SѓRїR°RЅRё RїRѕSЃRјS–S€RyeSѓ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ, R° RјRѕR¶Rµ S–S‰Rµ S‰RѕSЃSЊvЂ¦ RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RIRѕRЅRё R·R°SЃR»SѓR¶RёR»Rё RЅR° RЅR°S€Sѓ RїRѕS€R°RЅSѓ.
RўRѕR¶ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!"

RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ R SѓRyeRyeR°SЃ: RЁRѕSЃS‚S–R№ RЎS–S‡RѕRIS–R№ RgRёRIS–R·S–S— - 100 SЂRѕRyeS–RI!

100-R»S–S‚RЅS–R№ SЋRIS–R»RµR№ SЃR»R°RIRЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— 6-S— RЎS–S‡RѕRIRѕS— SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊRyeRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RїSЂRѕR№S€RѕRI R°R±SЃRѕR»SЋS‚RЅRѕ RЅRµRїRѕRјS–S‡RµRЅRёRј, SЏRye S‚RёS…Rѕ RјRёRЅR°SЋS‚SЊ RЅRёRЅS– R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S–RЅS€RёS…, RЅRµ RјRµRЅS€ RgRѕSЃS‚RѕR№RЅRёS… SЋRIS–R»RµS—RI

RњR°RyeSЃRёRј RњR°R№RѕSЂRѕRI: RџRѕSЃS‚SЃRISЏS‚RyeRѕRIRµ. R§RѕRјSѓ RI 1919/20 SЂRѕR·RIR°R»RёRISЃSЏ SЃRѕR±RѕSЂRЅRёR№ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚?

R“R°R»RёS‡R°RЅRё S‚R° RЅR°RgRgRЅS–RїSЂSЏRЅS†S– SЂRёR·RёRyeRЅSѓR»Rё SЂRѕR·RIR°R»RёS‚Rё SЃRѕR±RѕSЂRЅRёR№ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚ S‚R° RїS–S‚Rё RIR»R°SЃRЅRёRјRё S€R»SЏS…R°RјRё. RћRgRЅR°Rye, SЂRѕR·SЂR°S…SѓRЅRyeRё S– S‚RёS… S– S‚RёS… vЂ“ RЅRµ SЃRїSЂR°RIRgRёR»RёSЃSЏ

V«RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° S–RЅS‚RµSЂRЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·SѓS” SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїS–SЃRЅRµSЋV»: RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ S‚SЂS–SѓRјS„Sѓ V«R©RµRgSЂRёRyeR°V» RI R„RISЂRѕRїS–

V«R—R°RIRgSЏRyeRё S†S–R№ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅS–R№ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–S— RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R» RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR°, RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRye RЅRѕRIRѕS— SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё RIRёSЂS–S€RёRI SЃRїSЂRѕR±SѓRIR°S‚Rё RїRѕRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ RѕRyeSЂRµRјS–S€RЅS” S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅSѓ S–RgRµRЅS‚RёS‡RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ. vЂ“ RџRёS€Rµ S„SЂR°RЅS†SѓR·SЊRyeRёR№ RyeSЂRёS‚RёRye.
vЂ“ RЇRyeS– S†S– R»SЋRgRё RgR°R»RµRyeS– RIS–Rg RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ RјS–R·RµSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂR°RiRјR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RјRµRЅS‚R°R»S–S‚RµS‚Sѓ, SЏRyeR° RI RЅRёS… RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RIS–SЂR°! R”RIS– RiRѕRgRёRЅRё SЃRїS–RISѓ "a capella" S–RЅRѕR·RµRјRЅRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂRёRyeSЂR°S‚RЅRёRј RIRёRyeR»RёRyeRѕRј RЅR° R±S–SЃ vЂ“ S†Rµ S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRёR·SѓS” RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ SѓSЃRїS–S… S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RIRµS‡RѕSЂR°V».

RќRµRgRѕRѕS†S–RЅRµRЅRёR№ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅ

R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ RўSЋS‚SЋRЅRЅRёRye RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°RI RђSЂRјS–S”SЋ RЈRќR  RgRIS–S‡S– vЂ“ Sѓ R»RёRїRЅS–-RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅS– S‚R° Sѓ R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgS– 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R”Rѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ R±SѓRI RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЁS‚R°R±Sѓ RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR . RљR°SЂvЂ™S”SЂSѓ RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R°SЂRјS–S— SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RI R·S– R·RIR°RЅRЅSЏ RyeR°RїS–S‚R°RЅR°. R„RIRiRµRЅ RњR°R»R°RЅSЋRye SЃRyeR°R·R°RI, S‰Rѕ "R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ RўSЋS‚SЋRЅRЅRёRye vЂ“ RїRѕRIRЅRёR№, RЅRµSЃRyeR°R»S–S‡RµRЅRёR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ".

RЎS–S‡RѕRIRёRyeRё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI. RџRµS‚SЂRѕ R¤SЂR°RЅRyeRѕ Sѓ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±S– R·R° R’RµR»RёRyeSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ

RџRµS‚SЂRѕ R¤SЂR°RЅRyeRѕ R±SѓRI R°RgSЋS‚R°RЅS‚RѕRј RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂR° S‚SЂRµS‚SЊRѕS— SЃRѕS‚RЅS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЎS–S‡RѕRIRёS… RЎS‚SЂS–R»SЊS†S–RI RћSЃRёRїR° RњRёRyeRёS‚RyeRё. RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S†SЏ SЃRѕS‚RЅSЏ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ RgRѕ SѓRјRѕRI R‘RµSЂRµSЃS‚RµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂSѓ SЂSѓS€RёR»R°, S‰RѕR± R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRёS‚Rё RћRgRµSЃSѓ, R—R°RїRѕSЂS–R¶R¶SЏ S‚R° RGRµSЂSЃRѕRЅS‰RёRЅSѓ RIS–Rg R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI

V«R†RЅS‚RµSЂRIvЂ™SЋ R· RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅRѕRјV». RЎRїRѕRiR°RgRё RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° RЎS‚SЂSѓRyeR°, R·R°RїRёSЃR°RЅS– SЃRѕS‚RЅRёRyeRѕRј RњRёS…R°R№R»RѕRј RћR±S–RgRЅRёRј

RЎSѓRIRѕSЂRѕSЋ RgR»SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃRїSЂR°RIRё SЃS‚R°R»R° RѕSЃS–RЅSЊ 1921 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R†RЅS‚RµSЂRЅRѕRIR°RЅRµ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRIR°S” SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅS– S‡R°SЃRё. R’S–RgS‡R°R№RgSѓS…Rё RiRѕS‚SѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕ R”SЂSѓRiRѕRiRѕ R—RёRјRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgSѓ. RўRѕR¶ RЅRѕRIRёRЅRё R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїSЂRѕ RѕRїS–SЂ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ SЃRїSЂR°RIR¶RЅS–R№ R°R¶S–RѕS‚R°R¶. RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ, RyeRѕR»Rё R· RЅRёRјRё R·vЂ™SЏRIR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ SЃRїSЂR°RIR¶RЅS–R№ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅ!
RџSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

RЎRїRµS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917-1921" RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°S‚RёRјRµ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, SЏRye R·R°RyeR»R°RgR°R»RёSЃSЏ S„SѓRЅRgR°RјRµRЅS‚Rё RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI RјRё RјR°S”RјRѕ SЃRїRѕRgS–RIR°RЅRЅSЏ SЃRyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓRIR°S‚Rё S‚SѓS‚ RЅR°R№RIR°R¶R»RёRIS–S€S– S‚R° RЅR°R№S†S–RyeR°RIS–S€S– S‚RµRyeSЃS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ S†RµR№ S‡R°SЃ.

R”RµS‚R°R»SЊRЅS–S€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚R—RiRѕSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё