RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° R RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917-1921

RџR°RЅRgRµRјS–SЏ-1918: RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅ, S‰RµRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° R·R°RyeSЂRёS‚S– RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRё

R•RїS–RgRµRјS–S‡RЅR° SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЏ RIR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±SѓR»R° RЅR°RgR·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕSЋ. R’R¶Rµ RIS–SЃS–RјRЅR°RgS†SЏS‚RёR№ SЂS–Rye S‚SЂRёRIR°R»R° S€RѕSЃS‚R° RїR°RЅRgRµRјS–SЏ S…RѕR»RµSЂRё. RџRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЊ RїR°RЅRgRµRјS–SЏ "S–SЃRїR°RЅRyeRё", S—S— RЅR°R·RIR°R»Rё "S‡SѓRјR° RI RјS–RЅS–R°S‚SЋSЂS–". R’ RyeS–RЅS†S– RџRµSЂS€RѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё RїRѕS€RёSЂRёR»R°SЃSЊ RµRїS–RgRµRјS–SЏ RIS–SЃRїRё. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° R·R°RїSЂRѕRIR°RgRёR»R° RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅ, RIS–RgRyeSЂRёRIR°R»R° RЅRѕRIS– R»S–RyeR°SЂRЅS–, RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»R° RјR°SЃRѕRIRµ S‰RµRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ

RњR°SЂS–SЏ. R—R°S‚RёS€RЅRёR№ SЃRIS–S‚ RњRёS…R°R№R»R° R“SЂSѓS€RµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ

RЈ RїRµSЂRµRgRgRµRЅSЊ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, 28 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1894 SЂ. RgRѕ R›SЊRIRѕRIR° RїSЂRёS—R·RgRёS‚SЊ 28-SЂS–S‡RЅRёR№ RЅRѕRIRѕRїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RїRµSЂS€RѕS— RyeR°S„RµRgSЂRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—, RIRёS…RѕRIR°RЅRµS†SЊ RЈRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ SЃRI. R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ R“SЂSѓS€RµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№. RЎSѓRјSѓS” R·R° RyeRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRёRј S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIRѕRј, S– RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRѕRIRѕ RIR¶RёRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ Sѓ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRµ.
R—R° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂRѕRyeS–RI RјS–R¶ R»SЊRIS–RIKјSЏRЅR°RјRё S€RёSЂRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚RµR»RµRiSЂR°RјR° "RўSѓS‚ R“SЂSѓS€RµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ R¶RµRЅRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ: R±RµSЂRµ SЃRѕR±S– SЃRјRёSЂRЅSѓ RgS–RIS‡RёRЅSѓ, SѓS‡RёS‚RµR»SЊRyeSѓ, SЃRёSЂRѕS‚Sѓ, RgRѕR±SЂSѓ R·RЅR°RyeRѕRјSѓ S– SЂR°RgRёRyeR°R»RyeSѓ vЂ“ R’RѕSЏRyeS–RISЃSЊRyeSѓ, vЂ“ S‰Rѕ RgSѓR¶Rµ RiR°SЂRЅRѕ R· R№RѕRiRѕ R±RѕRyeSѓ"

vЂњRљR°RyeR°SЏ SЂR°R·RЅS–S†R°vЂќ S– S€S‚SЂR°S„Rё R·R° SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS– RIRёRIS–SЃRyeRё: RјRѕRIRЅS– RїSЂRёSЃS‚SЂR°SЃS‚S– RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– SЃS‚Rѕ SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ

RњRѕRIRЅRµ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, R·RgR°RIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ R±, RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕ RIRёSЂS–S€RµRЅRµ S‚R° R·R°RyeRѕRЅRѕRgR°RIS‡Rѕ RISЂRµRiSѓR»SЊRѕRIR°RЅRµ, R·RЅRѕRISѓ R·vЂ™SЏRIR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° RїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeSѓ RgRµRЅRЅRѕRјSѓ vЂ“ R· RїRѕRgR°S‡S– RIR¶Rµ RЅRѕRIRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё. RџR°SЂR°R»RµR»SЊRЅRѕ R±R°S‡RёRјRѕ SЃRїSЂRѕR±Rё RЅR°R·RIR°S‚Rё RјRѕRISѓ vЂњRїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRѕSЋ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRёvЂќ, S‡RёRЅRёS‚Rё RѕRїS–SЂ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€S–R№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— S‚RѕS‰Rѕ. RќS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ R·R° RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– 30 SЂRѕRyeS–RI? RќR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– S‚R°RyeS– vЂњRјRѕRIRЅS– SЃSЂR°S‡S–vЂќ S‚SЂSѓSЃRёR»Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ 100 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ!

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "RќRѕRIR° SЂR°RgR°": 26 (13) R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1917: R’S–R»SЊRЅRµ RљRѕR·R°S†S‚RIo Sѓ RњR°RyeS–S—RIS†S–

R§R°SЃRѕRј RјRѕR¶RЅR° RїSЂRѕS‡RёS‚R°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ RI 1917-1921 SЂRѕRyeR°S… RЅR° R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃS– RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. RђR»Rµ, S†Rµ RЅRµ S‚R°Rye. R”RѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё SЃRIS–RgS‡R°S‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ RњR°RyeS–S—RIS†S–, S‰Rѕ S‚RѕRgS– RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ R”RјRёS‚SЂS–S”RISЃSЊRye, SЃS„RѕSЂRјRѕRIR°RЅRѕ R·R°RiS–RЅ R’S–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕR·R°S†S‚RIR° - S‰RѕSЃSЊ RЅR° R·SЂR°R·RѕRye RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»Sѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЃR°RјRѕRѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё S‡Rё RјS–R»S–S†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ. R”Rѕ R·R°RiRѕRЅSѓ R·R°RїRёSЃR°R»RѕSЃSЊ 50 RѕSЃS–R±.

R‘RѕSЂRёSЃ RњRѕRЅRyeRµRIRёS‡: 10 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1920: R‘S–R№ R·R° RЎRјS–R»Sѓ

R’RѕSЂRѕRi RјR°R№R¶Rµ RЅRµ SЂRѕR±RёRI SЃRїSЂRѕS‚RёRISѓ, SЂR°S…SѓSЋS‡Rё RISЃRµ S†Rµ RЅRµRїRѕSЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏRј. R§SѓS‚Rё R±SѓR»Rѕ SѓRIRµSЃSЊ S‡R°SЃ: "RўRѕRIR°SЂS–S‰S–, S‡S‚Rѕ RIRё RgS”R»R°S”S‚S”, vЂ” RјRё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё"?! RЈ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RЅRµSЃR»RѕSЃSЊ S—Rј: "A, RїSЂRѕRyeR»SЏS‚SѓS‰S–, RјRµRЅS– RIR°SЃ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R№ S‚SЂRµR±R°", vЂ” R° RgR°R»S– SЃRIRёSЃS‚ S€R°R±R»SЋRyeRё...

RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR°: 5 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1919: RћS‚R°RјR°RЅRѕRIS– RћRјRµR»SЏRЅRѕRIRёS‡Sѓ-RџR°RIR»RµRЅRyeSѓ

5 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1919 SЂ. R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRёR№ RћS‚R°RјR°RЅ RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RёRI RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°S‡RµRј R”S–S”RIRѕS— RђSЂRјS–S— RњRёS…R°R№R»R° RћRјRµR»SЏRЅRѕRIRёS‡R°-RџR°RIR»RµRЅRyeR°

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ "R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё": 15 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1919: R S–Rye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—

RЎRїSЂR°RIR¶RЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЊ 15 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ - S‚R°Rye RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂRё "R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё". RЎRIRѕSЋ R°SЂRiSѓRјRµRЅS‚R°S†S–SЋ RIRѕRЅRё RЅR°RIRµR»Rё Sѓ SЂRµRgR°RyeS†S–R№RЅS–R№ SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S– S‡RµSЂRµR· SЂS–Rye RїS–SЃR»SЏ RѕRїRёSЃSѓRIR°RЅRёS… RїRѕRgS–R№

R’S–S‚R°R»S–R№ RЎRyeR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№: RџRµSЂSЃRѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RїRµRЅSЃS–RѕRЅRµSЂ RЈRќR  R†RIR°RЅ RќRµS‡SѓR№-R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№

R’S–RЅ RgRѕR¶RёRIR°RI RIS–RyeSѓ Sѓ RgRѕR±SЂRѕS‡RёRЅRЅRѕRјSѓ R·R°RyeR»R°RgS–-RїSЂRёS‚SѓR»RyeSѓ RgR»SЏ RЅRµRјS–S‡RЅRёS…, SЃR°RјRѕS‚RЅS–S…, R±RµR·RЅR°RgS–R№RЅRѕ S…RIRѕSЂRёS… S‚R° SЃS‚R°RI RїRµSЂS€RёRј, RyeRѕRјSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RЅR°RgR°R»R° RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅSѓ RїRµRЅSЃS–SЋ

RђSЂS‚RµRј RџR°RїR°RyeS–RЅ: R¤S–RѕR»RµS‚RѕRIRµ RїSЂRѕRјS–RЅRЅSЏ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё. R¤RµR№RyeRё SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— RIRёS‚SЂRёRјRyeRё

"RћRїRѕRIS–S‰RµRЅRЅSЏ. RћRїRѕRIiS‰R°SЋ RgRѕ RIiRgRѕRјR° RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ R§RµSЂRЅRёRiRѕRIS‰RёRЅRё, S‰Rѕ R· 28-RiRѕ SЃiS‡RЅSЏ S†. SЂ. RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R±RѕR»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeiRI, SЏRyei R№RgSѓS‚SЊ RIiR№RЅRѕSЋ RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°iRЅSѓ, S‚R° RiSЂR°R±SѓSЋS‚SЊ i RЅRёS‰R°S‚SЊ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRµ RgRѕR±SЂRѕ, R±SѓRgSѓS‚SЊ RїSѓSЃRyeR°S‚RёSЃSЊ S„iRѕR»RµS‚RѕRIRµ RїSЂRѕRјiRЅRЅSЏ (R»SѓS‡i), SЏRyeRµ RѕSЃR»iRїR»SЏS” R»SЋRgRёRЅSѓ.

RђR»S– RўR°S‚R°SЂ-R·R°RgRµ: RGR°R№ R¶RёRIRµ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅR° R R°RgR°! RџSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅS– RIRёSЃRЅRѕRIRyeRё R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ

RћRgRёRЅ R· SѓSЂRѕRyeS–RI 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RјRѕR¶Rµ R·RЅR°RgRѕR±RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR°Rј RISЃS–Rј RIR¶Rµ RgSѓR¶Rµ SЃRyeRѕSЂRѕ; RїSЂRё S‡RѕRјSѓ - RЅRµRїRµSЂRµRgR±R°S‡RµRЅRѕ. R† RI S†S–R№ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S— SѓSЂRѕRyeRё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёS… SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№ SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S‡RЅRѕS— RgR°RIRЅRёRЅRё RgRѕSЃS– RЅRµ R·R°SЃRIRѕS”RЅS–

R®SЂS–R№ RњRёS‚SЂRѕS„R°RЅRµRЅRyeRѕ: R“RѕS‚SѓR№ RЅRѕRIRёS… R±RѕSЂS†S–RI, RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ RЇSЂRµ!

RЎR°RјRµ S‚R°RyeRёRјRё R±SѓR»Rё RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– SЃR»RѕRIR° R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°RyeR° vЂ“ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ. R¦S– S‚RµSЂRµRЅRё, S‡RёRјRѕSЃSЊ RїRѕRgS–R±RЅS– RgRѕ RљR°SЂRїR°S‚, R±SѓR»Rё V«RЅRµRїRѕS…RёS‚RЅRёRј S‚R° RЅRµRIR±R»R°RiR°RЅRЅRёRј RIRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRјV» RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS–RI RѕRїRѕSЂSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RѕRyeSѓRїR°RЅS‚R°Rј.
R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°Rye R·R°RiRёRЅSѓRI Sѓ R±RѕSЋ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RЅR° S…SѓS‚RѕSЂS– RљSЂRµSЃRµR»SЊS†S–, RЅRµRїRѕRgR°R»S–Rye RIS–Rg RњRѕS‚SЂRѕRЅRёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRѕRЅR°SЃS‚RёSЂSЏ. R”RѕRЅRµRgR°RIRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕS— RgR°S‚Rё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R±RѕSЋ.

R‘RёS‚RIR° R·R° RЁRѕSЃS‚RyeSѓ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

RЁS–SЃS‚SЊ RgS–R±, R· 2 RїRѕ 8 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1918 SЂ., S€RѕSЃS‚RyeRёRЅS†S– R±RёR»RёSЃSЏ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕSЋ RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕSЋ R°SЂRјS–S”SЋ R RµRјRЅSЊRѕRIR°. R‘RёR»RёSЃSЏ R· S‚RёRјRё SЃR°RјRёRјRё RїRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё R·R°RiRѕRЅR°RјRё RјR°S‚SЂRѕSЃS–RI, S‰Rѕ 29 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1918 SЂ. RIR±RёRIR°R»Rё RyeRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI RїS–Rg RљSЂSѓS‚R°RјRё. RЁRѕSЃS‚RyeRёRЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeRё S†S–RЅRѕSЋ SЃRIRѕS—S… R¶RёS‚S‚S–RI R·R±RµSЂRµRiR»Rё RїRѕSЂRѕS…RѕRIRёR№ R·R°RIRѕRg RgR»SЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё.

R”RѕRyeS‚RѕSЂ RјRµRgRёS†RёRЅRё R RѕR·R°R»S–SЏ R›S–S„S€RёS†SЊ-R’RёRЅRЅRёS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ

R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ S– R RѕR·R°R»S–SЏ. R’S–RЅ vЂ“ RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRye, RIRѕRЅR° vЂ“ SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚RyeR° RјRµRgRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S„R°RyeSѓR»SЊS‚RµS‚Sѓ RџR°SЂRёR·SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ. RџRѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёR»RёSЃSЏ RI R†S‚R°R»S–S— RЅR° RIS–RgRїRѕS‡RёRЅRyeSѓ. RџRѕS‚S–Rј RIS–RЅ SЃS‚R°RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј RїSЂRµRјKјS”SЂ-RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂRѕRј. Rђ RgRѕR¶RёRIR°R»Rё RIS–RyeSѓ Sѓ S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃRѕRIS–R№ SЃRyeSЂSѓS‚S– RЅR° S‡SѓR¶RёRЅS–

RЇRye RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeS– RIRёR±RѕSЂRё RI R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅS– 100 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ?

R’RёR±RѕSЂS‡RёR№ RyeRѕRgRµRyeSЃ, SЏRyeRёR№ RїRѕS‡R°RI RgS–SЏS‚Rё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R· RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 2020 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, SЃSѓS‚S‚S”RIRѕ R·RјS–RЅSЋS” RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRї RiRѕR»RѕSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, RїRµSЂRµRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ RiRѕR»RѕSЃS–RI Sѓ RјR°RЅRgR°S‚Rё, RЅR°SЂS–R·RyeSѓ RѕRyeSЂSѓRiS–RI, S‰Rѕ, R·RIS–SЃRЅRѕ, RЅRµ RѕRјRёRЅRµ S– R›SЊRIS–RIS‰RёRЅSѓ. R¦Rµ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°S” RїRµRIRЅS– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅS– RїR°SЂR°R»RµR»S– R· 1907 SЂRѕRyeRѕRј, RyeRѕR»Rё RI RђRISЃS‚SЂRѕ-RЈRiRѕSЂS‰RёRЅS– RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЏ RIRёR±RѕSЂS‡R° SЂRµS„RѕSЂRјR°, SЏRyeR° SЃSѓS‚S‚S”RIRѕ R·RјS–RЅRёR»R° RїSЂR°RIRёR»R° RIRёR±RѕSЂS–RI Sѓ R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅS–. RўRѕRgS– RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RЅRѕ RјR°R¶RѕSЂRёS‚R°SЂRЅR° RIRёR±RѕSЂS‡R° SЃRёSЃS‚RµRјR°, SЏRyeR° RIS–RgS‚RµRїRµSЂ RЅRµ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… S– RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёS… RIRёR±SЂS–RI RgRѕ SЂR°Rg S–R· RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЋ RIRёR±RѕSЂS†S–RI R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ SЏRye 90 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RѕSЃS–R±

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S–. R–RёRIRёR№ S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RgRЅRёRye

RќS–, RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RЅRµ RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚S–. R’S–RЅ S‚R° R†RIR°RЅ RќRµS‡SѓR№-R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ - RgRIR° RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeRё-RyeR»R°SЃRёRyeRё, S…S‚Rѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ. R† S…RѕS‡R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRјR°RЅ "RGS–R±R° SЂRµRISѓS‚SЊ RIRѕR»Rё, SЏRye SЏSЃR»R° RїRѕRIRЅS–" RIRёRIS‡R°R»Rё RI S€RyeRѕR»S– RISЃS– R±RµR· RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ - RЅRµR°R±RёSЏRyeR° RЅRѕRIRёRЅR°.
RџSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

RЎRїRµS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917-1921" RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°S‚RёRјRµ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, SЏRye R·R°RyeR»R°RgR°R»RёSЃSЏ S„SѓRЅRgR°RјRµRЅS‚Rё RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI RјRё RјR°S”RјRѕ SЃRїRѕRgS–RIR°RЅRЅSЏ SЃRyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓRIR°S‚Rё S‚SѓS‚ RЅR°R№RIR°R¶R»RёRIS–S€S– S‚R° RЅR°R№S†S–RyeR°RIS–S€S– S‚RµRyeSЃS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ S†RµR№ S‡R°SЃ.

R”RµS‚R°R»SЊRЅS–S€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚R—RiRѕSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё