RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚
R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°, R„RISЂRѕRїR° S– RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚

R†RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RїSЂRѕ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ S‡RµSЃS‚S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїRµSЂRµRg R»RёS†RµRј SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°RїR»SЋR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeR° R„RЎ S‚R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° SЃRIS–RgRѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ R„RISЂRѕRїRё RјR°SЋS‚SЊ RЅRµ RјRµRЅS€Sѓ RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±Sѓ RI R·vЂ™SЏSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅS– RїSЂR°RIRgRё RїSЂRѕ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, RЅS–R¶ SЃR°RјS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–.

R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ. R”RѕSЂRѕRiR° SЃRјRµSЂS‚S–

RќR°R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡ R±S–RiR»Rё SЏRyeS–SЃSЊ R»SЋRgRё: "RЁRIRёRgS€Rµ! RЁRIRёRgS€Rµ! R•S€RµR»RѕRЅRё S‡RµRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ!" RџRѕS‚S–Rј RїRѕRIR· RЅR°S‚RѕRIRї RїSЂRѕS—S…R°R»Rё RIR°RЅS‚R°R¶S–RIRyeRё. R’R°RЅS‚R°R¶S–RIRyeRё R±SѓR»Rё RЅR°RїRѕRIRЅRµRЅS– SЏRyeRёRјRёSЃSЊ SЂRµS‡R°RјRё. RќR° SЂRµS‡R°S… SЃRёRgS–R»Rё RЅS–RјS†S–, RiSЂR°R»Rё RЅR° RiSѓR±RЅRёS… RiR°SЂRјRѕS€RyeR°S…, RIRµSЃRµR»Rѕ SЂRµRiRѕS‚R°R»Rё. "R¦Rµ RЅR°SЃ RgRµS‰Rѕ R·R°SЃRїRѕRyeRѕS—R»Rѕ: S…S–R±R° RјRѕR¶RЅR° S‚R°Rye SЂRµRiRѕS‚R°S‚Rё, RyeRѕR»Rё S‚R°Rј RIR±RёRIR°SЋS‚SЊ R»SЋRgRµR№?"

RџSЂRѕ S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°S‚RёRјRµ RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRёR№ S†RµRЅS‚SЂ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ V«R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂV»?

R’S–Rg S‡R°SЃS–RI R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ RI SѓSЃSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃRIS–S‚S– R»SѓRЅR°SЋS‚SЊ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS– S‚R° RјRѕSЂR°R»SЊRЅS– SЃSѓRјRЅS–RIRё S‰RѕRgRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»S–R·R°S†S–S—. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS…, RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R° SЂRµR»S–RiS–R№RЅRёS… R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI R·R°SЏRIR»SЏR»Rё, S‰Rѕ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚ RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±SѓS” RIRёRIS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚S– R¶RµSЂS‚RI, R°R»Rµ RЅRµ S‚R°Rye S–RЅS‚RµRЅSЃRёRIRЅRѕ S– RјR°SЃS€S‚R°R±RЅRѕ.
R’S–RgRµRѕ

1941-44: R•RyeSЃRyeSѓSЂSЃS–SЏ RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeRѕSЋ "R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚ RIS–Rg RyeSѓR»SЊ"

RљS–R»SЊRyeR° SЃR»S–RI RїSЂRѕ RgR¶RµSЂRµR»R°: RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ R”R¶RѕRЅSѓ-RџRѕR»Sѓ RGRёRјS†S–

RљS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ SЏ RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓRIR°RI S„R°S…S–RIS†RµRIS– R·S– SЃSѓRgRѕRIRѕS— RјRµRgRёS†RёRЅRё S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— RџRµS‡R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R· R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕSЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° R»SЋRgRёRЅRё R· RѕRgRЅS–S”S— R·S– SЃS†RµRЅ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјSѓ, SЏRyeSѓ RGRёRјRyeR° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ "S–RgRµRЅS‚RёS„S–RyeSѓRIR°RI" SЏRye RџRµS‡R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. RЇ R·R°RїRёS‚SѓRIR°RI, S‡Rё RЅR° RѕR±RѕS… SЃRIS–S‚R»RёRЅR°S… R·RѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅR° RѕRgRЅR° R№ S‚R° SЃR°RјR° R»SЋRgRёRЅR°, S‡Rё SЂS–R·RЅS–. R’S–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ R±SѓR»R° RѕRgRЅRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕSЋ vЂ” RЅR° RѕR±RѕS… S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–SЏS… SЂS–R·RЅS– R»SЋRgRё.

R™RѕSЃRёS„ R—S–SЃRµR»SЊSЃ: R©Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕRIRyeRѕR»R° R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS–?

RњR°R№R¶Rµ RgRIR° SЂRѕRyeRё RјRёRЅSѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgS‚RѕRgS–, SЏRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°, SЏRye RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR° S– RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRµ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIRѕ, RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёR»R° S‚SЂR°SѓSЂRЅSѓ RgR°S‚Sѓ vЂ“ 75 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S–R· RgRЅSЏ RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–S— R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ. RЇRyeRѕSЋ RјRё R±R°S‡RёRјRѕ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ S‡RµSЂRµR· RgRIR° SЂRѕRyeRё? RЈ SЃRїSЂR°RIS– SѓRIS–S‡RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RїR°RјSЏS‚S– R¶RµSЂS‚RI R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ RIRёRgS–R»RёR»RѕSЃSЏ S‚SЂRё RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS… RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Rё.

RњRµR№R»R°S… RЁRµR№S…RµS‚: RџSЂRѕ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRј Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– 1 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1941 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

R’R¶Rµ RgSЂSѓRiRµ SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓS” S‚RµRЅRgRµRЅS†S–SЋ, SЏRyeSѓ SЏ S‡SѓRI RIS–Rg RiR°R»RёS‡R°RЅ: R· R’R°SЃ RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё, R° RќR°RјRё R·R°RyeSѓS€SѓRIR°R»Rё. R— RјRѕS”SЋ RїRѕR·RёS†S–S”SЋ RїRѕRiRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ RЅR°SЂRµS€S‚S– R”R¶RѕRЅ-RџR°RIR»Rѕ RGRёRјRyeR°, RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRye R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS–. RќR°SЂRµS€S‚S–, RyeRѕR»Rё RЅR° RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— RI R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅS– S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ RЅRµS— SЏ R·R°RїRёS‚R°RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeS–RI: S‡Rё R±SѓRI R±Rё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, SЏRye R±Rё RЅRµ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeR° RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeR° S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–SЏ S‚R° R°RiSЂRµSЃS–SЏ. R’S–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»Rё RISЃS–, R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂR°RIRёR»SЊRЅRµ, RЅRµ R±SѓRI R±Rё!

R™RѕSЃRёS„ R—S–SЃRµR»SЊSЃ: R RѕR»SЊ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·RјSѓ. R’RёSЃS‚SѓRї RЅR° RѕR±RiRѕRIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅS– RЅR°SЂR°S‚RёRISѓ RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»Sѓ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ"

R”R»SЏ RјRµRЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ S†S–RyeR°RIRёRј RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–, R°R»Rµ, RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ, RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R±S–R»SЊS€ S†S–RyeR°RIRёRј S‚Rµ, S‡RѕRiRѕ RI RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ RЅRµRјR°S”, R°R»Rµ SЏ, R· S‚R°RyeRѕSЋ SЃRIRѕS”SЋ SЃSѓR±vЂ™S”RyeS‚RёRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ, RIRIR°R¶R°RI, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRѕ S‚R°Rј RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ R±SѓS‚Rё. R‘Rѕ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RјRё RјRѕR¶RµRјRѕ RѕSЃRјRёSЃR»RёS‚Rё RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ S‚SЂRѕS…Rё S–RЅR°RyeS€Rµ, RЅS–R¶ R№RѕRiRѕ RѕS†S–RЅSЋRIR°R»Rё S‚S–, S…S‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rё SЃRIS–RgRyeR°RјRё R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё, S‡Rё RїRµSЂS€S– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё, SЏRyeS– RѕRїRёSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RЅRµS—.

R’S–S‚R°R»S–R№ RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡: RљRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЏ RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ": RЅRµRIS–RiR»R°SЃS‚RIRѕ S‡Rё RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRµ S€R°S…SЂR°R№SЃS‚RIRѕ?

R—R° S‚R°RyeRѕSЋ RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–S”SЋ RјS–Ri R±Rё SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RјSѓR·RµR№ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ R°RЅS‚RёS„R°S€RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ RѕRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RIS–R№RЅRё vЂ“ R±R°R·RѕRIRёRј RЅR°SЂR°S‚RёRIRѕRј RgR»SЏ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RјRѕRiR»R° R± SЃR»SѓRiSѓRIR°S‚Rё "R§RѕSЂRЅR° RyeRЅRёRiR°" R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ R“SЂRѕSЃSЃRјR°RЅR° S‚R° R†R»R»S– R•SЂRµRЅR±SѓSЂRiR°. Rђ R·R° SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS–S€RЅS–S… SѓRјRѕRI S†RµR№ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ SЃS‚R°RЅRµ RїSЂRѕRyeSЂRµRјR»S–RISЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ R№ R°RЅS‚RёSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕSЋ RgRёRIRµSЂSЃS–S”SЋ

RџSЂRѕ SЏRyeRёR№ V«R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚RёR·RјV» RїRёS€SѓS‚SЊ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃRјRµRЅRё RЎRЁRђ? R—R°SЏRIR° R’R°R°Rg RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё

23 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ RiSЂSѓRїR° RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃRјRµRЅS–RI, SЃRµSЂRµRg SЏRyeRёS… RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RѕR±RѕS… RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№, R·RIRµSЂRЅSѓR»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ R”RµSЂR¶RgRµRїR°SЂS‚R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ RЎRЁRђ R· RїSЂRѕS…R°RЅRЅSЏRј RїSЂRѕ RgRёRїR»RѕRјR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ S‚RёSЃRye RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ S‚R° RџRѕR»SЊS‰Sѓ S‡RµSЂRµR· V«S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRѕSЋV» R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚RёR·Rј.

RџSЂRёS€RµSЃS‚SЏ RњRµSЃS–S—, R°R±Rѕ RџSЂRѕ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ RЅR°RIRyeRѕR»Rѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ"

R’ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– S” R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RјS–SЃS†SЊ, Sѓ SЏRyeRёS… SЂR°R·RѕRј R· SѓR±RёS‚RёRјRё S”RISЂRµSЏRјRё R·R°S…RѕSЂRѕRЅRµRЅS– R№ RЅRµS”RISЂRµS—, SЏRyeRёR№ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ "S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… R°RyeS†S–R№" RgRѕR»S‡SѓR°R»Rё RgRѕ S”RISЂRµS—RI. RћRgRЅR°Rye RЅR° RїR°RјSЏS‚RЅRёRyeR°S… RЅR° S†RёS… RјRѕRiRёR»R°S… vЂ“ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeR° SЃRёRјRIRѕR»S–RyeR°, S– RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ R·R±RёSЂR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S†S– RїR°RјSЏS‚RЅRёRyeRё RјS–RЅSЏS‚Rё. R¦Rµ vЂ“ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– R·R°S…RѕSЂRѕRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ, R° RЅRµ R·R°S…RѕSЂRѕRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ SЏRyeRёS…RѕSЃSЊ "SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R»SЋRgRµR№ - R¶RµSЂS‚RI S„R°S€RёR·RјSѓ" (SЂRѕSЃ.)

R”RёSЂRµRyeS‚RѕSЂ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ": "RџRµSЂRµRg RЅR°RјRё RЅRµ SЃS‚RѕS—S‚SЊ R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ R·R»R°RјR°S‚Rё SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ S‡RµSЂRµR· RyeRѕR»S–RЅRѕ"

"RњRё RЅRµ S…RѕS‡RµRјRѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂSЋRIR°S‚Rё RgSЂSѓRiRёR№ RЇRg-R’R°S€RµRј S‡Rё RgSЂSѓRiRёR№ RђSѓS€RIS–S†-R‘S–SЂRyeRµRЅR°Sѓ. RќR°S€Rµ R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ vЂ” SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё SѓRЅS–RyeR°R»SЊRЅSѓ R№ RyeRѕSЂRёSЃRЅSѓ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–SЋ. R† RI RїRµSЂS€Sѓ S‡RµSЂRiSѓ vЂ” S‚R°RyeSѓ, SЏRyeSѓ S…RѕS‡SѓS‚SЊ R±R°S‡RёS‚Rё S‚SѓS‚ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–".

RћS„S–S†S–R№RЅR° RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RgRёSЂRµRyeS‚RѕSЂR° RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»Sѓ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ" RЅR° R›RёSЃS‚ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeS–RI

"RЎRїRёSЂR°SЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RЅR° SЃRIS–R№ RgRѕSЃRIS–Rg S‚R° R·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ, RјRѕR¶Sѓ R·R°RїRµRIRЅRёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RјRё RgSѓR¶Rµ SѓRIR°R¶RЅRѕ RIS–RgRЅRµSЃR»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ R·R°SЏRIRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeS–RI S‚R° RЅR°SЂR°R·S– R·RЅR°S…RѕRgRёRјRѕSЃSЏ RI RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚S– R· RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRјRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRёRјRё SѓSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR°RјRё R· S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRёRIRѕRgSѓ".
RџSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

R”RµS‚R°R»SЊRЅS–S€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚R—RiRѕSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё