RљRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ RЎRµR№RјSѓ R›R°S‚RIS–S— RIRёR·RЅR°RI RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–SЋ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј

RљRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI RЎRµR№RјSѓ R›R°S‚RIS–S— SѓS…RIR°R»RёRI R·R°SЏRISѓ, Sѓ SЏRyeS–R№ RIRёR·RЅR°RI RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–SЋ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ.

RЎR»S–RgS‡RёR№ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ R R¤ RїRѕSЂSѓS€RёRI SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R»RёS‚RѕRISЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃSѓRgRgS–RI R·R° RIRёSЂRѕRye RЇR·RѕRISѓ

RЎR»S–RgS‡RёR№ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R¤RµRgRµSЂR°S†S–S— RїRѕSЂSѓS€RёRI RyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°R»SЊRЅSѓ SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё SЃSѓRgRgS–RI R’S–R»SЊRЅSЋSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RѕRyeSЂSѓR¶RЅRѕRiRѕ SЃSѓRgSѓ, SЏRyeRёR№ R·R°RѕS‡RЅRѕ R·R°SЃSѓRgRёRI RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RЎR RЎR  R”RјRёS‚SЂR° RЇR·RѕRIR° RgRѕ 10-SЂS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R·R° R·R°SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIS–R№SЃSЊRye RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RI RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– R›RёS‚RIRё RI 1991 SЂRѕS†S–.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° R±RѕRјR±R°. RџRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° S†S–R»SЊ. R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeR° R¶RµSЂS‚RIR°

R„RgRёRЅRёR№, RI RјS–R¶RIRѕS”RЅRЅRёS… RїRµSЂS–RѕRg, RIS–R·RёS‚ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RgRѕ R›SЊRIRѕRIR°, R±SѓRI R·R°S‚SЊRјR°SЂRµRЅRёR№ R·R°RјR°S…RѕRј, SЏRyeRёR№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ. R’S‚S–Rј, RЅR° RјS–SЃS†S– R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅSѓ R·R°S‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё S”RISЂRµSЏ RЎS‚R°RЅS–SЃR»R°RIR° RЁS‚R°R№T‘RµSЂR°. R©RѕR± R·RЅSЏS‚Rё R· RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ, S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RyeRѕR»R°Rј RgRѕRIRµRgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚S–SЃRЅRѕ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚Rё R· RЈR’Rћ.

RЁS‚R°S‚ R›SѓS—R·S–R°RЅR° RIRёR·RЅR°RI R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ

RђRјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S€S‚R°S‚ R›SѓS—R·S–R°RЅR° RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕ RIRёR·RЅR°RI R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– 1932-33 SЂSЂ. RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ S‚R° RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°RI RїR°RјSЏS‚SЊ R·R°RiRёR±R»RёS… Sѓ S†S–R№ S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI.

R•RyeSЃ-RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RЎR RЎR  RЇR·RѕRIR° RI R›RёS‚RIS– R·R°RѕS‡RЅRѕ R·R°SЃSѓRgRёR»Rё RgRѕ 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI R·R° 1991 SЂS–Rye

R’S–R»SЊRЅSЋSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕRyeSЂSѓR¶RЅRёR№ SЃSѓRg R›RёS‚RIRё R·R°RѕS‡RЅRѕ R·R°SЃSѓRgRёRI 67 RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–S… SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRѕSЃR°RgRѕRIRёS… RѕSЃS–R± R·R° RIRѕS”RЅRЅS– R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅRё S– R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅRё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R»SЋRgSЏRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R·R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ R’S–R»SЊRЅSЋSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S‚RµR»RµRIRµR¶S– RI SЃS–S‡RЅS– 1991 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RќR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RIRёSЃRѕRyeRѕRїRѕSЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRёRј R·-RїRѕRјS–R¶ R·R°SЃSѓRgR¶RµRЅRёS… S” RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RЎR RЎR  R”RјRёS‚SЂRѕ RЇR·RѕRI.

RЇRye R±RѕR№RѕRIRёRye RћRЈRќ RїRѕRyeR°SЂR°RI RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјS–SЃR°SЂR°. R RѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°S” R RѕRјR°RЅ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡

R®SЂRyeRѕ RЅRµ R±R°S‡RёS‚SЊ RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕR»Rѕ SЃRµR±Rµ. R’ RgSѓRјS†S– R»RёS€Rµ RѕRgRЅRѕ. R‘SѓS‚Rё RiS–RgRЅRёRј S‚RёS… SѓSЃS–S…, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rё RїRµSЂRµRg RЅRёRј vЂ” RISЃS–S… R›SЋR±RѕRIRёS‡S–RI, RџS–SЃRµS†SЊRyeRёS…. R’SЃS–S…, S‰Rѕ RїRѕ S‚SЋSЂRјR°S… R¶RgSѓS‚SЊ RїRѕRјSЃS‚Rё. R©Rµ R»RёS€Rµ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° S…RIRёR»RёRЅvЂ¦ RўSЂRµR±R° R»RёS€Rµ RѕRgRЅRѕ RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚R°S‚Rё: RgRѕR±SЂRµ S†S–R»SЏS‚Rё vЂ” S– RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RIR·R°RiR°R»S– RЅRµ RgSѓRјR°S‚Rё, R»RёS€Rµ S‚Rµ RѕRgRЅRµ: RgRѕR±SЂRµ S†S–R»SЏS‚Rё.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RgRµR»RµRiR°S†S–SЏ RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°R»R° RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚SЊ 366 SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RIR±RёS‚RёS… Sѓ RџR°RIR»RѕRyeRѕRјS–. R¤RћRўRћ

2 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ S‡RёSЃR»RµRЅRЅR° RgRµR»RµRiR°S†S–SЏ R·S– R›SЊRIS–RIS‰RёRЅRё, R†RIR°RЅRѕ-R¤SЂR°RЅRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё, RўRµSЂRЅRѕRїS–R»SЊS‰RёRЅRё RјRѕR»RёR»R°SЃSЏ RЅR° RјS–SЃS†S– SЃRїRѕS‡RёRЅRyeSѓ 366 SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI SЃRµR»R° RџR°RIR»RѕRyeRѕRјR°.

RўSЂR°RiRµRgS–SЏ R“SѓS‚Rё RџRµRЅSЏS†SЊRyeRѕS— RѕS‡RёRјR° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°SЂS‚RёR·R°RЅS–RI

RљSЂSѓS‚RёRyeRѕRI R·R°RїRёSЃR°RI, S‰Rѕ "R”RµRЅSЊ 23 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ R±SѓRI RgRЅRµRј T‘SЂSѓRЅS‚RѕRIRЅRѕS— "SЃRISЏS‚RyeRѕRIRѕS— RїRёSЏS‚RёRyeRё". R’SЂRµS€S‚S–-SЂRµS€S‚, RIRЅRѕS‡S– R· 24-RiRѕ RЅR° 25 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ R±R°S‚R°R»SЊR№RѕRЅ RљRѕSЂRµRЅRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S– RiSЂSѓRїR° RљSЂSѓS‚RёRyeRѕRIR° R·R°R»RёS€RёR»Rё R“SѓS‚Sѓ RџRµRЅSЏS†SЊRyeSѓ. R R°R·RѕRј RIRѕRЅRё RїS–S€R»Rё RЅR° RљR°RјvЂ™SЏRЅRyeSѓ RЎS‚SЂSѓRјRёR»RѕRISѓ R· RјRµS‚RѕSЋ RїS–RgS–SЂRIR°S‚Rё RјS–SЃS‚ S‡RµSЂRµR· SЂS–S‡RyeSѓ R‘SѓRi.

RђRyeSѓR»R° RїRµSЂR° Sѓ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»S–. R”Rѕ RgRЅSЏ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RџRµS‚SЂR° R¤RµRgSѓRЅR°-"RџRѕR»S‚R°RIRё"

RќR° RїRѕS€SѓRye S– R»S–RyeRIS–RgR°S†S–SЋ RѕRgRЅS–S”S— R»SЋRgRёRЅRё Sѓ 1951 SЂRѕS†S– V«SЃRѕRIS”S‚RёV» RyeRёRЅSѓR»Rё 4 574 RѕS„S–S†RµSЂS–RI S– SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI, S–R· RЅRёS… vЂ“ 60 S–RЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚RѕSЂS–RI S–R· 110 SЃR»SѓR¶R±RѕRIRѕ-SЂRѕR·S€SѓRyeRѕRIRёRјRё SЃRѕR±R°RyeR°RјRё, 500 RyeSѓSЂSЃR°RЅS‚S–RI RЅR°RIS‡R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ R·R°RiRѕRЅSѓ RњR“R‘, 230 R°RIS‚RѕRјR°S€RёRЅ. RљRёRј R±SѓRI R»RµRiRµRЅRgR°SЂRЅRёR№ V«RџRѕR»S‚R°RIR°V», S‰Rѕ RЅR° R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕS€SѓRyeRё SЃRїRѕSЂSЏRgRёR»Rё RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RїRѕR»RyeS–RI S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚S–RI?

R’R°S†R»R°RI R“R°RIRµR»: RЎRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё S‰Rµ S‚SЂRµR±R° R·SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё!

RќRµRIR¶Rµ RјRё SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЅR°SЂRѕRg, S‰Rѕ R·RgR°S‚RµRЅ RѕR¶RёRIRёS‚Rё RISЃS– SЃRIRѕS— S…RѕSЂRѕS€S– SЂRёSЃRё R»RёS€ SЂR°R· RЅR° RgRIR°RgS†SЏS‚SЊ SЂRѕRyeS–RI S– S‚Rѕ vЂ“ RISЃSЊRѕRiRѕ R»RёS€ RЅR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI? RњRё RgSѓR¶Rµ RgRѕR±SЂRµ SѓSЃRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЋS”RјRѕ, SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RISЃSЊRѕRiRѕ S‰Rµ RЅR°Rј RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRѕ R·SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё, S– R·R°RgR°S”RјRѕSЃSЏ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏRј, S‡RѕRјSѓ R¶ S‚R°Rye RIR°R¶RyeRѕ RЅR°Rј RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°S€R° SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR°; S‡Rё RЅRµ RЅRµRgRѕRѕS†S–RЅRёR»Rё RјRё SЃRїR°RgRѕRye SЃS‚R°SЂRѕRiRѕ SЂRµR¶RёRјSѓ S‡Rё RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµRѕS†S–RЅRёR»Rё SЃR°RјRёS… SЃRµR±Rµ;S‡Rё S†Rµ RјRё SЃR°RјS– RISЃRµ SЃRѕR±S– RїSЃSѓS”RјRѕ.

R’ RѕS†S– S‚R°R№S„SѓRЅR°. RЇRye RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR»Rё RђRyeS‚ R—R»SѓRyeRё

RЈ S†RµR№ RgRµRЅSЊ R·RgR°RIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ R±SѓSЂRµRIS–S— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RIS‚RѕRјRёR»RёSЃSЏ S– R·SѓRїRёRЅRёR»Rё SЃRIS–R№ SЂSѓR№RЅS–RIRЅRёR№ SЂSѓS…. RќR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЅR°Rg RљRёS—RIRѕRј R·SѓRїRёRЅRёR»RѕSЃSЏ "RѕRyeRѕ S‚R°R№S„SѓRЅSѓ", RgRµ RIS–S‚SЂSѓ RјRѕR¶Rµ RЅRµ R±SѓS‚Rё. RќR°RIRyeRѕR»Rѕ R¶ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– SѓSЃRµ RїSЂRёRiRёRЅR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RIS–Rg R±SѓSЂRµRIS–S—RI.

"RЎRїSЂRёS‚RЅRёR№, S„R°RЅR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SЃR»RѕRISЏRЅRёRЅ". RЇRye RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚Rё S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRёR·SѓRIR°R»Rё RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ

"R—R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRµ RISЂR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ: S†Rµ SЃRїSЂRёS‚RЅRёR№, RIRїRµSЂS‚RёR№, S„R°RЅR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SЃR»RѕRISЏRЅRёRЅ. R”Rѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RIS–SЂRЅRёR№ SЃRIRѕS—R№ S–RgRµS—. R—R°SЂR°R· RgR»SЏ RЅR°SЃ RЅRµR№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕ S†S–RЅRЅRёR№, RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ vЂ” RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅRёR№. RќRµRЅR°RIRёRgRёS‚SЊ SЏRye RIRµR»RёRyeRѕSЂRѕSЃS–RI, S‚R°Rye S– RЅS–RјS†S–RI".

RђR№S€Rµ RЎRµS–S‚RјSѓSЂR°S‚RѕRIR°. R”RµRїRѕSЂS‚RѕRIR°RЅR° R· RљSЂRёRјSѓ, R·R°SЃSѓRgR¶RµRЅR°, RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕR¶RµRЅR°

R’RѕRЅR° vЂ“ RѕRgRЅR° R· SЃRёRјRIRѕR»S–RI RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ, S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye, R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RyeR°. R—R° SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ SЂSѓSЃS– RyeRёSЂRёRјR»Rё R±SѓR»R° RgRIS–S‡S– R·R°SЃSѓRgR¶RµRЅR°. RџS–Rg R·R°RiSЂRѕR·RѕSЋ S‚SЂRµS‚SЊRѕRiRѕ R°SЂRµS€S‚Sѓ RIRёS—S…R°R»R° R· R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ, R°R»Rµ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё R·R° SЃRIS–R№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg RЅRµ RїSЂRёRїRёRЅRёR»R°. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ SЂRѕRyeS–RI R±SѓR»R° R±SѓR»R° RiRѕR»RѕSЃRѕRј RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚RѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ, RїSЂR°S†SЋSЋS‡Rё RЅR° "RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RёS… SЂR°RgS–RѕR»RѕRiRѕSЃR°S…" (SЂRѕSЃ).

RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RђSЂRyeR°SЃ. RђRјR°S‚RѕSЂ R· RњRёRyeRѕR»R°S”RIR°, SЏRyeRёR№ SѓRIS–R№S€RѕRI RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ

R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR° R·R°RїRёSЃSѓS” RISЃSЋ RїS–RIRgRµRЅRЅSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RI RјS–S„S–S‡RЅSѓ "RќRѕRIRѕSЂRѕSЃS–SЋ". RћS‚R¶Rµ, RјR°S” R±SѓS‚Rё RЅR°SЂRѕRg "RЅRѕRIRѕSЂRѕSЃS–R№S†S–"? R›RѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕ, R°R»Rµ RЅS–. R„ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–, SЂRѕSЃS–SЏRЅRё, S”RISЂRµS—, RјRѕR»RgR°RIR°RЅRё, R±RѕR»RiR°SЂRё, RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё, RiSЂRµRyeRёvЂ¦ R† RѕRgRёRЅ R· SЃRёRЅS–RI S†SЊRѕRiRѕ S‰RµRgSЂRѕRiRѕ RyeSЂR°SЋ vЂ“ RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RђSЂRyeR°SЃ, R·R° RIR»SѓS‡RЅRёRј RѕRїRёSЃRѕRј R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚RѕSЂR° R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂR° R–R°RgSЊRyeR° vЂ“ "RiSЂRµRye S–R· RgSѓS€RµSЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏ". R¦Rµ RѕRgRЅR° R· RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёS… S„S–RiSѓSЂ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S†S–S”S‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ.

RџR°R»R°S‚R° RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeS–RI RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RЎRЁRђ RIRёR·RЅR°R»R° R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј

RџR°R»R°S‚R° RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeS–RI RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RЎRЁRђ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° SЂRµR·RѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ S‰RѕRgRѕ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ 1932-1933 SЂRѕRyeS–RI R°RyeS‚RѕRј RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ.