R—R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeR° RњR—RЎ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–: R’RёRјR°RiR°S”RјRѕ RIS–Rg RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїSЂRёRїRёRЅRёS‚Rё RIRёSЃR»R°RIR»SЏRЅRЅSЏ RyeR°S‚S–RI

RџRѕR»SЊS‰R° RIRёRјR°RiR°S” SЃRyeR°SЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RѕR±RјRµR¶RµRЅSЊ RЅR° RїRѕS€SѓRyeRѕRIS– SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Rё S‚R° RїSЂRёRїRёRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ "RIRёSЃR»R°RIR»SЏRЅRЅSЏ RyeR°S‚S–RI" RЅR° SѓSЂSЏRgRѕRIRѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS– RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RџSЂRѕ S†Rµ R·R°SЏRIRёRI R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RњR°SЂS‡RёRЅ RџS€RёRgR°S‡.

RЁRїR°SЂRiR°R»RyeR° RgR»SЏ R—RµR»RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. RЈR†RќRџ RїS–RgRiRѕS‚SѓRIR°RI RgR»SЏ RћRџRЈ RgRѕRIS–RgRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRЅRyeRё

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚S– RїS–RgRiRѕS‚SѓRIR°RI RgRѕRIS–RgRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕ SЃS‚R°RЅ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёRЅ RЅR° R·R°RїRёS‚ RћS„S–SЃSѓ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ RIS–R·RёS‚Sѓ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° R—RµR»RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRѕ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–.

R’ RћRџRЈ R°RЅRѕRЅSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIRё Sѓ SЃRїSЂR°RIS– RїRѕR»S–RїS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёRЅ R· R’R°SЂS€R°RIRѕSЋ

R’R°RgRёRј RџSЂRёSЃS‚R°R№RyeRѕ SЃRyeR°R·R°RI, S‰Rѕ RџRѕR»SЊS‰R° S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RјR°SЋS‚SЊ SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RIRѕSЂRѕRiR° S– RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R¶RёS‚Rё SЂR°R·RѕRј Sѓ RјRёSЂS– S‚R° RgSЂSѓR¶R±S–.

RњR—RЎ RїSЂRѕ R’RѕR»RёRЅSЊ: RљRѕR¶RЅRµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ S” R±RµR·S†S–RЅRЅRёRј, R°R»Rµ RѕRgRЅRѕR±RѕRyeRµ S‚SЂR°RyeS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЅRµRїSЂRёRїSѓSЃS‚RёRјRµ

RњS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIRѕ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїSЂRѕRyeRѕRјRµRЅS‚SѓRIR°R»Rѕ SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRёRЅRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS„R»S–RyeS‚Sѓ RЅR° R’RѕR»RёRЅS– RI 1943-144 SЂRѕRyeR°S…. R’S–RgRѕRјSЃS‚RIRѕ R·R°SЃSѓRgRёR»Rѕ R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅRё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RјRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RISЃS–S… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ S– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёR·R°S†S–SЋ RїR°RјSЏS‚S– RїSЂRѕ S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–SЋ.

R”SѓRgR° R·RIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RgRѕ R—RµR»RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R· RїSЂRѕS…R°RЅRЅSЏRј RgRѕR·RIRѕR»RёS‚Rё RµRyeSЃRiSѓRјR°S†S–S— RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… R¶RµSЂS‚RI R’RѕR»RёRЅS–

RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RђRЅRgR¶RµR№ R”SѓRgR° RїRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRёRI Sѓ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° R—RµR»RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRѕR·RIRѕR»Sѓ RЅR° RµRyeSЃRiSѓRјR°S†S–SЋ S‚S–R» RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… R¶RµSЂS‚RI RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS„R»S–RyeS‚Sѓ RI R—R°S…S–RgRЅS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

RЎR°RiSЂRёRЅSЊ 44: RI RїR°SЃS‚S†S– RiRµSЂRѕS—S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂR°S‚RёRISѓ

RЇ R±SѓRI Sѓ S†SЊRѕRјSѓ SЃRµR»S– RЅRµR·R»S–S‡RµRЅRЅSѓ RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ SЂR°R·S–RI. RЇ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIR»SЏRI R· R№RѕRiRѕ RјRµS€RyeR°RЅS†SЏRјRё. RџRµSЂS€R° RgSѓRјRyeR°, SЏRyeR° RїSЂRёR№S€R»R° RgRѕ RјRµRЅRµ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SЃRїSЂRѕR±Rё RѕRїRёSЃSѓ RїRѕRgS–R№ RIRµSЃRЅRё 1944 SЂRѕRyeSѓ: S‰Rѕ RЎR°RiSЂRёRЅSЊ vЂ” S†Rµ S‚SЂRёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S– RїRѕSЂSЏRgRѕRye, R°R»Rµ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ S– SЂSѓR№RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeSѓ S‚R° SЃRyeR»R°RgR°RЅRЅSЏ RI RѕRgRЅRµ S†S–R»Rµ RI SЂS–R·RЅRёS… S„RѕSЂRјR°S…. R¦Rµ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ S–RЅRiRµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— RIR»R°RgRё S– R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё R·R° RЅRµS—.

RџR°RIR»Rѕ R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡: R“RµRЅRѕS†RёRg S‡Rё R»S–RyeRIS–RgR°S†S–SЏ R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI R“RµSЃS‚R°RїRѕ?

R”RIS– R»SЋRgRёRЅRё. R”R»SЏ RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕS— R· RЅRёS… RїRѕ RgRIS– RIRµSЂSЃS–S— RїRѕRgS–R№. RћRgRЅR° RIRµSЂSЃS–SЏ - vЂњRiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgvЂќ. R”SЂSѓRiR° RIRµSЂSЃS–SЏ vЂ” R»S–RyeRIS–RgR°S†S–SЏ R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI R“RµSЃS‚R°RїRѕ. RњRё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRёRјRѕ RgRIR° RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё. RђR»Rµ S‚R°RyeRёS… RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI R·R±RµSЂRµRiR»RѕSЃSЊ RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ...

R§Rё RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»SЏS‚SЊ SЃRyeR°RЅRgR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚RЅRёRye R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–S— Sѓ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–? RЎRїSЂRѕR±R° v„–4

RЈ RљRѕRјR°RЅS‡S– (RџS–RgRyeR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRµ RIRѕS”RIRѕRgSЃS‚RIRѕ) S…RѕS‡SѓS‚SЊ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёS‚Rё RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚RЅRёRye R¶RµSЂS‚RIR°Rј R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–S—. RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R», SЏRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–S… RgRIRѕS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°S” RЅRµRѕRgRЅRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅSѓ SЂRµR°RyeS†S–SЋ RI SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS–, RIR¶Rµ RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёR»RёSЃSЏ R·RIRѕRgRёS‚Rё RI R SЏS€RµRIS–, R„R»RµRЅS–R№ R“RѕSЂS– S‚R° RўRѕSЂSѓRЅS–.

R”RћRџRћR’RќR•RќRћ. R”RIR° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚Rё RIS€R°RЅSѓSЋS‚SЊ R¶RµSЂS‚RI RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS„R»S–RyeS‚Sѓ RЅR°SЂS–R·RЅRѕ vЂ” RgR¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ

RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RџRµS‚SЂRѕ RџRѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅRyeRѕ R·RgS–R№SЃRЅRёS‚SЊ RїRѕS—R·RgRyeSѓ RgRѕ SЃ. RЎR°RiSЂRёRЅSЊ Sѓ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RI RЅRµRgS–R»SЋ, 8 R»RёRїRЅSЏ, R° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RђRЅRgR¶RµR№ R”SѓRgR° RIS–RgRIS–RgR°S” S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R¶ RgRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ R’RѕR»RёRЅSЊ.

RђRќRћRќRЎ: RџRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RyeRѕRЅS„R»S–RyeS‚ RIS–Rg Rђ RgRѕ Z. RџSЂRµR·RµRЅS‚R°S†S–SЏ RyeRЅRёR¶RyeRё R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅR° R“SѓRgSЏ

RЈ R›SѓS†SЊRyeSѓ RїSЂRµR·RµRЅS‚SѓSЋS‚SЊ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RIS–RgRѕRјRѕRiRѕ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeR° RїSЂRѕ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕRЅS„R»R†RyeS‚.

RЎS‚R°SЂS‚SѓRIR°R»R° RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјR° RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ V«R–RµSЂS‚RIRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕ-RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕS‚RёSЃS‚RѕSЏRЅRЅSЏ 1939-1947 SЂRѕRyeS–RIV»

RќR° RїSЂRµR·RµRЅS‚R°S†S–S— RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјRё, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЊ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– 26 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ, RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёR»Rё, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅR° RјR°S” RЅR° RјRµS‚S– R·vЂ™SЏSЃSѓRIR°S‚Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRµ S‡RёSЃR»Rѕ R¶RµSЂS‚RI RїSЂRѕS‚RёSЃS‚RѕSЏRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RЅR°R·RIRµ S—S… SѓSЃS–S… RїRѕS–RјRµRЅRЅRѕ

RђRќRћRќRЎ: RџSЂRµR·RµRЅS‚R°S†S–S— RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјRё V«R–RµSЂS‚RIRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕ-RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕS‚RёSЃS‚RѕSЏRЅRЅSЏ 1939-1947 SЂSЂ.V»

RџSЂRµR·RµRЅS‚RѕRIR°RЅR° RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёS†SЊRyeR° RџSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјR° RїS–Rg RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕRј RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂR° R†RiRѕSЂSЏ R“R°R»R°RiS–RgRё R±SѓR»R° R·R°RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRIR°RЅR° 1 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 2018 SЂ. RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RyeR°S‚RѕR»RёS†SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS–, R° S—S— SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeR°RјRё S” S€S–SЃS‚SЊ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS†S–RI R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S– RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–.

R®SЂS–R№ R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRёR№: RљRѕR»Rё RgvЂ™RђSЂS‚R°RЅSЊSЏRЅ R±RѕSЂRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ R· R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRѕSЋ, R° R’R°S€RёRЅRiS‚RѕRЅ RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓS” RїR°R»SЊS‡RёRye

RџSЂRёRЅS†RёRї "SѓSЃS– vЂ“ RyeRѕSЃRјRѕRЅR°RIS‚Rё, R° SЏ vЂ“ RgRђSЂS‚R°RЅSЊSЏRЅ" SЃS‚R°RI R±R°R·RѕRIRѕSЋ R·R°SЃR°RgRѕSЋ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— "S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё" RЅR°R·RѕRIRЅS–. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RѕRyeSЂS–Rј SЃS‚R°SЂRёS… S‚RµR· RїSЂRѕ "RїRѕS”RgRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR° RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRїR°S… RїSЂR°RIRgRё", RїSЂRѕ RЅRµRїSЂRёRїSѓSЃS‚RёRјS–SЃS‚SЊ RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЏRЅSЊ RЈRџRђ S– RђRљ, R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё S– RџS–R»SЃSѓRgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ vЂ“ R¶RѕRgRЅRёS… S–RЅS€RёS… SЃRµRЅSЃS–RI RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRµ RњR—RЎ RїSЂRѕRgSѓRyeSѓRIR°S‚Rё RЅRµ R·RgR°S‚RЅRµ.

RќR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёR№ S‡R°SЃ RgR»SЏ RїSЂRёRјRёSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RјRёRЅSѓRI. R©Rѕ RgR°R»S–?

RќR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёR№ S‡R°SЃ RgR»SЏ RїSЂRёRјRёSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RјRёRЅSѓRI. RџS–SЃR»SЏ RњR°R№RgR°RЅSѓ R·RgR°RIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RїRѕR»SЏRyeRё S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RјR°SЋS‚SЊ S€R°RЅSЃ S€RIRёRgRyeRѕ SЂRѕR·SЂR°S…SѓRIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ S–R· SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRёRјRё SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeR°RјRё SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RјRёRЅSѓR»RѕRiRѕ. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ S…RIRёR»S– RµRЅS‚SѓR·S–R°R·RјSѓ S– RIR·R°S”RјRЅRѕS— RgRѕRIS–SЂRё S€RIRёRgRyeRѕ RIS–RgS…R»RёRЅSѓR»Rё RIS–Rg R±RµSЂRµRiR° RїRѕSЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏ.

R¤S–R»SЊRј "R’RѕR»RёRЅSЊ" R·RgRѕR±SѓRI RiSЂR°RЅ-RїSЂS– S„RµSЃS‚RёRIR°R»SЋ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… S„S–R»SЊRјS–RI Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRIS–

R–SѓSЂS– RG RљS–RЅRѕS„RµSЃS‚RёRIR°R»SЋ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… S„S–R»SЊRјS–RI Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– "R’S–SЃR»R°" RїSЂRёSЃSѓRgRёR»Rѕ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅSѓ RїSЂRµRјS–SЋ S„S–R»SЊRјRѕRIS– "R’RѕR»RёRЅSЊ" SЂRµR¶RёSЃRµSЂR° R’RѕR№S†RµS…R° RЎRјR°R¶RѕRISЃSЊRѕRiRѕ.