RђRќRћRќRЎ: R›RµRyeS†S–SЏ V«R‘S–R»SЊS€Rµ RЅRµ S‚R°S”RјRЅRѕ: SЏRye RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё R°S…SЂS–RIRё R§Rљ-RљTђR‘V»

RЇRye RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€S– RЅR° RїRѕSЃS‚SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚RѕSЂS– R°SЂS…S–RIRё R§Rљ-RљTђR‘ S‚R°, S‰Rѕ R·R±RµSЂRiS–R»R°RiRѕSЃSЏ R·R° R·R°RIS–SЃRѕSЋ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚RЅRѕSЃS‚S–? RўR°RyeR° R»RµRyeS†S–SЏ RIS–RgR±SѓRgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RI R§RµSЂRЅS–RIS†SЏS….

R—RIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕR»RµRyeS‚RёRISѓ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S„R°RyeSѓR»SЊS‚RµS‚Sѓ RљRќRЈ S–Rј. RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR° S‰RѕRgRѕ RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚R° R‘SЂR°RiR°SЂR°

1 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RgRѕ SЃS‚SѓRgS–S— RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· S‚RµR»RµRyeR°RЅR°R»S–RI R·R°S‚RµR»RµS„RѕRЅSѓRIR°R»R° R¶S–RЅRyeR° S– R·R°RїRёS‚R°R»R° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeS–RI, SЏRye S—R№ RїSЂRѕR¶RёS‚Rё RЅR° RїRµRЅSЃS–SЋ SЂRѕR·RјS–SЂRѕRј Sѓ 2 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S– RiSЂRёRIRµRЅSЊ RїSЂRё RIRёSЃRѕRyeRёS… S†S–RЅR°S… RЅR° RyeRѕRјSѓRЅR°R»SЊRЅS– RїRѕSЃR»SѓRiRё. RћRgRЅRёRј S–R· RiRѕSЃS‚RµR№ R±SѓRI RЅR°SЂRgRµRї RIS–Rg "RЎR»SѓRiRё RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ" R„RIRiRµRЅS–R№ R‘SЂR°RiR°SЂ. RЈ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RЅR° RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїRµRЅSЃS–RѕRЅRµSЂRyeRё RIS–RЅ R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI S—R№ RїSЂRѕRgR°S‚Rё SЃRѕR±R°RyeSѓ "RµR»S–S‚RЅRѕS— RїRѕSЂRѕRgRё" S– SЃRїRѕRyeS–R№RЅRѕ R·R°RїR»R°S‚RёS‚Rё R·R° RyeRѕRјSѓRЅR°R»RyeSѓ.

RђRќRћRќRЎ: R›RµRyeS†S–SЏ V«R’S–Rg V«R©RµRgSЂRёRyeR°V» RgRѕ V«Carol of the BellsV»: RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅR° RgRёRїR»RѕRјR°S‚S–SЏ RЎRёRјRѕRЅR° RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRёV»

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RЅRµ RїRµSЂS€Rµ SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ S‡RёRЅRёS‚SЊ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕ-S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–R№RЅSѓ RїSЂRѕS‚RёRgS–SЋ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgS– RI SЃRIS–S‚S–. RќR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RIRѕRЅR° R±SѓR»R° RIRѕRЅR° SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅRѕSЋ 100 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ? R”RѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёS†SЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRёS… RiR°SЃS‚SЂRѕR»RµR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R RµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RљR°RїRµR»Rё RўS–RЅR° RџRµSЂRµSЃSѓRЅSЊRyeRѕ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ RјR°R»RѕRIS–RgRѕRјSѓ RgRёRїR»RѕRјR°S‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RјS–SЃS–SЋ V«R©RµRgSЂRёRyeR°V» RI R„RISЂRѕRїS– S‚R° RђRјRµSЂRёS†S– Sѓ 1919-1924 SЂSЂ. R·R°RgRѕRIRiRѕ RgRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ S‚SЂR°RЅSЃS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— RЅR° R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R±SЂRµRЅRg V«Carol of the BellsV».

RђRќRћRќRЎ: R”Rѕ R”RЅSЏ R—R»SѓRyeRё RџR»R°SЃS‚ RI RђRISЃS‚SЂS–S— RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёS‚SЊ SЂSЏRg R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI

RќR° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ R”RЅSЏ RЎRѕR±RѕSЂRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, SЏRyeRёR№ RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡R°SЋS‚SЊ S‰RѕSЂRѕRyeSѓ 22 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ RI RgRµRЅSЊ RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RђRyeS‚Sѓ R—R»SѓRyeRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS— R RµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё R№ R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS— R RµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓR»RѕSЃSЏ RI 1919 SЂRѕS†S–, RџR»R°SЃS‚ RђRISЃS‚SЂS–S— Sѓ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R· RїR°SЂR°S„S–S”SЋ RЎRI. R’R°SЂRIR°SЂRё RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёS‚SЊ SЂSЏRg S–RЅS‚RµSЂR°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRёS… R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI.

RђRќRћRќRЎ: RЈ RїRѕS€SѓRyeR°S… SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ. R›SЋR±R»S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЃRµR№Rј 1569 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

R’RёRgR°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ V«RўRµRјRїRѕSЂR°V» S– RљRЅRёRiR°SЂRЅSЏ "R„" R·R°RїSЂRѕS€SѓSЋS‚SЊ RЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёR№ R»RµRyeS‚RѕSЂS–R№ R· R’S–S‚R°R»S–S”Rј RњRёS…R°R№R»RѕRISЃSЊRyeRёRј RїSЂRѕ R›SЋR±R»S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЃRµR№Rј 1569 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RѕS‡RёRјR° RyeRѕSЂRѕRЅRЅRѕS— R SѓSЃS–.

RђRќRћRќRЎ: RџSѓR±R»S–S‡RЅR° RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–SЏ V«R§Rё RјRё vЂ“ SЂRѕR·RgS–R»RµRЅR° RЅR°S†S–SЏ?V»

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚S– RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»SЋS” SЃRµSЂS–SЋ RїSѓR±R»S–S‡RЅRёS… RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–R№ V«(RќRµ)R·R°SЃRIRѕS”RЅS– SѓSЂRѕRyeRё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—V». R R°R·RѕRј R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeR°RјRё S‚R° R»S–RgRµSЂR°RјRё SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕS— RgSѓRјRyeRё RїSЂRѕR±SѓRIR°S‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ SЂRѕR·S–R±SЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RI RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЃR°RјRѕS–RgRµRЅS‚RёS„S–RyeR°S†S–S—, RїSЂRѕR°RЅR°R»S–R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊRЅS– RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS— S‚R° S€SѓRyeR°S‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ S€R»SЏS…Rё RїRѕRgRѕR»R°RЅRЅSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RyeRѕRјRїR»RµRyeSЃS–RI.

In memoriam. RџRѕRјRµSЂ RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRѕS‚R°S‚R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRµS†SЊ R’R°R»RµSЂS–R№ R’RѕR·RiSЂRёRЅ

RќR° 81 SЂRѕS†S– R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ Sѓ RЎR°RЅRyeS‚-RџRµS‚RµSЂR±SѓSЂR·S– RїRѕRјRµSЂ R’R°R»RµSЂS–R№ R’RѕR·RiSЂRёRЅ.

R”SЂRѕR±RѕRIRёS‡ RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёRI RїRѕRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R· SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeR°RјRё

R“RѕR»RѕRIR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚S– RђRЅS‚RѕRЅ R”SЂRѕR±RѕRIRёS‡ RIRIR°R¶R°S”, S‰Rѕ S–SЃRЅSѓS” RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±R° RgS–R°R»RѕRiSѓ V«RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R· RIRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRј, RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R· RyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ, S‰Rѕ RЅR° RЅR°SЃ RЅR°RїR°R»R°".

R“SЂR°S„, RIS‡RµRЅRёR№, RїRµSЂRµRIRµSЂS‚RµRЅSЊ: R·R° S‰Rѕ RџSѓS‚S–RЅ RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RёRI RџRѕS‚RѕS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ "RIRёRЅR°S…S–RgRЅRёRyeRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI"

RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R RѕSЃS–S— R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RџSѓS‚S–RЅ RI S…RѕRgS– S‰RѕSЂS–S‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂRµSЃ-RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— 19 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RI, S…S‚Rѕ SЃS‚R°RI R°RIS‚RѕSЂRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–RgRµRЅS‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RќR° R№RѕRiRѕ RgSѓRјRyeSѓ, RїSЂRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI SЏRye RїSЂRѕ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёR№ RIS–Rg SЂRѕSЃS–SЏRЅ RµS‚RЅRѕSЃS– RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ R·R°RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёRI "RiSЂR°S„ RџRѕS‚RѕS†SЊRyeRёR№, RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRye, RIS‡RµRЅRёR№ S– RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRye".

RђRќRћRќRЎ: RџSЂRµR·RµRЅS‚R°S†S–SЏ S‰RѕRgRµRЅRЅRёRyeS–RI R†RIR°RЅR° R›RёSЃSЏRyeR°-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ

R©RѕRgRµRЅRЅRёRyeRё RїSЂRѕR»RёRIR°SЋS‚SЊ RЅRѕRIRµ SЃRIS–S‚R»Rѕ RЅR° S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅS– SЃSЋR¶RµS‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— XX SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RЅR° S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R†RIR°RЅR° R›RёSЃSЏRyeR°-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЏRye S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeR°.

RђRќRћRќRЎ: R›RµRyeS†S–SЏ V«R©RµRgSЂRёRyeV»: RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° vs R“RѕR»R»S–RISѓRgV»

RЇRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ V«R©RµRgSЂRёRyeV» RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё R›RµRѕRЅS‚RѕRIRёS‡R° RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёRI R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ? RGS‚Rѕ SЃRїSЂRѕRgSЋSЃSѓRIR°RI RјRёSЃS‚RµS†SЊRyeSѓ S–RЅS‚RµSЂRIRµRЅS†S–SЋ V«SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIRµSЃRЅRёV»? R§RѕRјSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RЅRµ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»R° RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕ-S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–R№RЅSѓ RїSЂRѕS‚RёRgS–SЋ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgS– RI SЃRIS–S‚S– S– S‡Rё RЅRµ R±SѓR»R° RIRѕRЅR° R±S–R»SЊS€ SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅRѕSЋ 100 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ?

RђRќRћRќRЎ: R›RµRyeS†S–SЏ V«RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– R»RёS†R°SЂS– RI RђRјRµSЂRёS†S–V»

RЇRye SЃRyeR»R°R»RёSЃSЊ RgRѕR»S– R»RёS†R°SЂS–RI R—R°R»S–R·RЅRѕRiRѕ RGSЂRµSЃS‚R° V«R—R° R—RёRјRѕRIRёR№ RїRѕS…S–Rg S– R±RѕS—V»? RGS‚Rѕ R»RёS€RёRISЃSЏ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, R° S…S‚Rѕ RїS–S€RѕRI Sѓ S‚R°R±RѕSЂRё S–RЅS‚RµSЂRЅRѕRIR°RЅRёS… S‚R° RЅR° RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–SЋ? R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— R»RёS†R°SЂS–RI, SЏRyeS– RIRёS—S…R°R»Rё RgRѕ RђRјRµSЂRёRyeRё: S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SѓSЃRїS–S…Sѓ S‚R° R·R°R±SѓS‚S‚SЏ.

RљRёSЂRёR»Rѕ R“R°R»SѓS€RyeRѕ: RћS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕ RIRёS…RѕR¶Sѓ R·S– SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂR°RgRё RїSЂRё RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRIS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R· RїRёS‚R°RЅSЊ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— S”RgRЅRѕSЃS‚S– vЂ“ RљRёSЂRёR»Rѕ R“R°R»SѓS€RyeRѕ

R’RёR±R°S‡S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ R·R°RgRѕRIRiRёR№ S‚RµRyeSЃS‚, R°R»Rµ RIRѕRЅRѕ RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRїRѕRIRµ S– SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‚SЊ SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ RїRµRIRЅSѓ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚Sѓ SЃRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ.

R“R°RЅRЅR° RЁRµR»SЏRi: R’S–S‡RЅR° R°RyeS‚SѓR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… S‚RµRyeSЃS‚S–RI

RџSѓR±R»S–S†RёSЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– S‚RµRyeSЃS‚Rё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeS–RI RјR°SЋS‚SЊ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° R¶RёS‚S‚S”RIRёS… S†RёRyeR»S–RI. RЎRїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ RIRѕRЅRё S” RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S‡RёS‚R°S‡R°Rј RїSЂRѕ R±R»RёR·SЊRyeSѓ R·R°RiSЂRѕR·Sѓ. RџRѕS‚S–Rј Sѓ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ S‚RµRyeSЃS‚S– S‡RёS‚R°S‡S– S€SѓRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ SЂRѕR·SЂR°RgRё. RџS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ vЂ“ S†Rµ R·SЂR°R·RѕRye V«RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgRёV». Rђ RyeRѕR»Rё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RyeRѕR»RѕRј vЂ“ SЃS‚R°S” RIRёSЏRIRѕRј V«S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRїSЂRѕS‚RёRISѓV». RўRµRyeSЃS‚Rё, RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RЅS– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeR°RјRё, RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЏS‚SЊ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RїSЂRѕ SЃR°RјRёS… R°RIS‚RѕSЂS–RI, R° RЅRµ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ.

R’RёRyeR»R°RgR°S‡ RЈRљRЈ R†RIR°RЅ RђR»SЊRјRµSЃ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RїSЂRµSЃS‚RёR¶RЅSѓ RїSЂRµRјS–SЋ S–Rј. R„R¶Rё TђRµRgSЂRѕR№S†SЏ

29 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 2019 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RџRѕSЃRѕR»SЊSЃS‚RIS– R RµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–RgR±SѓR»RѕSЃSЏ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚Rµ RISЂSѓS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅR°RiRѕSЂRѕRg 13-RiRѕ RyeRѕRЅRyeSѓSЂSЃSѓ S–Rј. R„R¶Rё TђRµRgSЂRѕR№S†SЏ RјRѕR»RѕRgRёRј RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRyeR°Rј R·R° RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰S– RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS– RїSЂR°S†S– R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– S‚R° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRЅRyeS–RI.