RђRќRћRќRЎ: R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ. RџRѕRiR»SЏRg R· RђRISЃS‚SЂR°R»S–S—

RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RјSѓR·RµR№ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ S‚R° RЎRѕSЋR· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№ RђRISЃS‚SЂR°R»S–S— RїSЂRµR·RµRЅS‚SѓSЋS‚SЊ S„RѕS‚RѕRIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ V«R“RѕR»RѕSЃRё R·-R·R° RѕRyeRµR°RЅSѓV».

RќR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёR№ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ RI RљRёS”RIS–: R¶SѓSЂS– RЅRµ R·RјRѕRiR»Rѕ RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RёS‚RёSЃSЏ

29 R»RёRїRЅSЏ RIS–RgR±SѓR»RѕSЃSЏ R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏ R¶SѓSЂS– RI SЂR°RјRyeR°S… RgSЂSѓRiRѕRiRѕ RµS‚R°RїSѓ R°SЂS…S–S‚RµRyeS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅRyeSѓSЂSЃSѓ RЅR° RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёR№ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ RI R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRјSѓ RЇSЂSѓ. R—R° SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚R°RјRё R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rµ SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ RIS–RgS‚RµSЂRјS–RЅSѓRIR°S‚Rё RѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕR¶S†SЏ S‚R° RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RёS‚Rё R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡ R¶SѓSЂS– RIRѕSЃRµRЅRё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS†S– RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°SЋS‚SЊ RgRѕSЃS‚SѓRї RgRѕ 4000 SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅSЊ RїSЂRѕ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚ R· R±S–R±R»S–RѕS‚RµRyeRё R„R»SЋ

RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRёR№ S†RµRЅS‚SЂ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ" (BYHMC) RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RgRѕSЃS‚SѓRї RgRѕ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… Sѓ SЃRIS–S‚S– RѕRЅR»R°R№RЅ-R°SЂS…S–RIS–RI SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅSЊ RїSЂRѕ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚ vЂ• Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies. BYHMC SЃS‚R°RI RїR°SЂS‚RЅRµSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S”SЋ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ S– S‚RµRїRµSЂ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёRIR°S” RgRѕSЃS‚SѓRї RgRѕ RyeRѕR»RµRyeS†S–S— RIS–RgRµRѕSЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅSЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS†SЏRј.

RЈ R‘SѓRЅRgRµSЃS‚R°R·S– RIS–RgSЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR° RїRµS‚RёS†S–SЋ RїSЂRѕ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI

RЎRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂS–R°S‚ RїRµS‚RёS†S–R№RЅRѕS— RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–S— R‘SѓRЅRgRµSЃS‚R°RiSѓ RЅR°RgS–SЃR»R°RI RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅSѓ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ S‰RѕRgRѕ RїRµS‚RёS†S–S— RїSЂRѕ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅRѕSЋ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ 1932-1933 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ. R—R° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI RїRµS‚RёS†S–R№RЅR° RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–SЏ RiRѕR»RѕSЃSѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµ S‰RѕRgRѕ RIRёRЅRµSЃRµRЅRЅSЏ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅRѕSЋ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ RЅR° SЂRѕR·RiR»SЏRg R‘SѓRЅRgRµSЃS‚R°RiSѓ.

IV RyeRѕRЅRyeSѓSЂSЃ S–Rј. R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° RњR°RЅSЏRyeR° S– R›S–RgS–S— RљRѕRIR°R»RµRЅRyeRѕ R·R°RїSЂRѕS€SѓS” RgRѕ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚S– RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRyeS–RI R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ

RЈ S„RѕRyeSѓSЃS– S†SЊRѕRiRѕSЂS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ IV RњS–R¶RgRёSЃS†RёRїR»S–RЅR°SЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅRyeSѓSЂSЃSѓ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёS… S– RјRёSЃS‚RµS†SЊRyeRёS… SЂRѕR±S–S‚ S–Rј. R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° RњR°RЅSЏRyeR° S– R›S–RgS–S— RљRѕRIR°R»RµRЅRyeRѕ vЂ“ S–RЅRgRёRIS–RgSѓR°R»SЊRЅS– S‚R° SЂRѕRgRёRЅRЅS– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RµRїRѕS…Rё R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ SЃRµRЅSЃRё S– SЃRїRѕSЃRѕR±Rё RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RјRёRЅSѓR»RѕRiRѕ.

RџRµS‚RёS†S–SЋ RgRѕ RIR»R°RgRё RќRѕRIRѕS— R—RµR»R°RЅRgS–S— RIRёR·RЅR°S‚Rё R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°R»Rѕ RјR°R№R¶Rµ 6 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RѕSЃS–R±

RџRµS‚RёS†S–SЏ RgRѕ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ R№ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RќRѕRIRѕS— R—RµR»R°RЅRgS–S— S–R· R·R°RyeR»RёRyeRѕRј RIRёR·RЅR°S‚Rё R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ 1932-1933 SЂRѕRyeS–RI R°RyeS‚RѕRј RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ RIR¶Rµ RЅR°R±SЂR°R»R° 5876 RїS–RgRїRёSЃS–RI.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕSЃRѕR» RI R§RµS…S–S— R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°RI S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЎRµRЅR°S‚ RIRёR·RЅR°S‚Rё R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ 1932-33 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј. R’R†R”R•Rћ

4 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ Sѓ RIRµSЂS…RЅS–R№ RїR°R»R°S‚S– R§RµSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ vЂ“ RЎRµRЅR°S‚S– RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЏ RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–SЏ V«RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– 1932-1933 SЂRѕRyeS–RI: RџSЂRёS…RѕRIR°RЅR° RIS–R№RЅR°, S‰Rѕ RјR°R»R° R·R»S–RyeRIS–RgSѓRIR°S‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRgV».

RџRµS‚RёS†S–SЏ RgRѕ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ R¤R Rќ RїSЂRѕ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ RЅR°R±SЂR°R»R° RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅS– RiRѕR»RѕSЃRё

RћRЅR»R°R№RЅ-RїRµS‚RёS†S–SЏ RgRѕ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ RїSЂRѕ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ 1932-1933 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ RЅR°R±SЂR°R»R° RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅS– 50 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RiRѕR»RѕSЃS–RI. RўRµRїRµSЂ S—S— SЂRѕR·RiR»SЏRЅRµ R‘SѓRЅRgRµSЃS‚R°Ri.

RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ RЎRЅS–RgR°R»RѕRI: 7 RїS–RgRїRёSЃS–RI RyeRѕR¶RЅS– 10 S…RIRёR»RёRЅ. RџRµS‚RёS†S–SЏ RїSЂRѕ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅRѕSЋ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ

42 RїS–RgRїRёSЃRё R·R° RiRѕRgRёRЅSѓ, 1008 RїS–RgRїRёSЃS–RI R·R° RgRµRЅSЊ, R· S‚R°RyeRѕSЋ S€RIRёRgRyeS–SЃS‚SЋ 14 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ R·SЏRIR»SЏR»RёSЃSЊ RЅRѕRIS– RїS–RgRїRёSЃRё RїS–Rg RїRµS‚RёS†S–S”SЋ, R·R° S‚Rµ S‰RѕR± RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅR° RIRёR·RЅR°R»R° R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј.

3 SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RјS–S„Rё RїSЂRѕ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ. R”RµRyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS†S–SЏ

RљRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЏ V«S‚R°S‚R°SЂ-R·SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeS–RIV» vЂ” RѕRgRЅR° R· RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёS… SЃRyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS… R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјS–S„Sѓ RїSЂRѕ V«RёSЃRyeRѕRЅRЅRѕ SЂSѓSЃSЃRyeRёR№ RљSЂS‹RјV». R‘RµR· R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ Sѓ V«RјR°SЃRѕRIS–R№ R·SЂR°RgS–V» RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRµ RѕR±T‘SЂSѓRЅS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–S—, R° R±RµR· RIRёRїSЂR°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅSѓ vЂ” RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRёS‚Rё S‚RѕS‚R°R»SЊRЅSѓ SЂSѓSЃRёS„S–RyeR°S†S–SЋ RїS–RIRѕSЃS‚SЂRѕRIR°. RЈSЃRµ S†Rµ S” R»RёS€Rµ SЃRїSЂRѕR±R°RјRё RIRёRїSЂR°RIRgR°S‚Rё RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS… SЃS‚R°R»S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgS–RI.

RЎSЋSЂRiSЋRЅ. RњR°RјR° RgSѓRјR°R»R°, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃ RIRµR·SѓS‚SЊ RЅR° SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»

RЈSЏRIS–S‚SЊ SЃRµR±Rµ RЅR° S—S… RјS–SЃS†S–. RЈ RIR°S€ RgS–Rј RЅR° SЃRIS–S‚R°RЅRyeSѓ RISЂRёRIR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅS– R»SЋRgRё, SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚Rё. R”R°SЋS‚SЊ 15 S…RIRёR»RёRЅ RЅR° R·R±RѕSЂRё. R’S–RgRIRѕR·SЏS‚SЊ RЅR° RЅR°R№R±R»RёR¶S‡Sѓ SЃS‚R°RЅS†S–SЋ. R† RgRѕRgRѕRјSѓ RIRё R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓS‚RёSЃSЏ R»RёS€Rµ S‡RµSЂRµR· 50 SЂRѕRyeS–RI.

RђRќRћRќRЎ: 75 SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRёRЅRё RЎSЋSЂRiSЋRЅ - RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgSѓ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRѕS‚R°S‚R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ

18 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ RI RљRёS”RIS– RїSЂRѕRIRµRgSѓS‚SЊ RЅRёR·RyeSѓ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRёS… R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI, RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅRёS… RїR°RјSЏS‚S– R¶RµSЂS‚RI RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgSѓ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRѕS‚R°S‚R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ - 75-S… SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRёRЅ RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–S—.

R‘SѓRЅRgRµSЃS‚R°Ri R¤R Rќ SЂRѕR·RiR»SЏRЅRµ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RїRµS‚RёS†S–SЏ RЅR°R±RµSЂRµ RiRѕR»RѕSЃRё

RќR° SЃR°R№S‚S– RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R‘SѓRЅRgRµSЃS‚R°RiSѓ R·vЂ™SЏRIRёR»R°SЃSЏ RїRµS‚RёS†S–SЏ S–R· R·R°RyeR»RёRyeRѕRј RIRёR·RЅR°S‚Rё R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ 1932-1933 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ. RњS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RџR°RIR»Rѕ RљR»S–RјRyeS–RЅ R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°RI RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°S‚Rё RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚.

R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚ RI "R†RЅSЃS‚R°RiSЂR°RјS–". R‘R»RѕRi RIS–Rg S–RјRµRЅS– 13-SЂS–S‡RЅRѕS— S”RISЂRµR№RyeRё SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°S” RїSЂRѕ 1944 SЂS–Rye

RЈ S—S— "SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЃ" vЂ” RIS–RgRµRѕ R· RѕR±R»R°RI RЅR° S”RISЂRµS—RI, SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚Rё R’RµSЂRјR°S…S‚Sѓ RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†SЏS…, RyeS–RЅRѕS…SЂRѕRЅS–RyeR° RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїS–RI R“S–S‚R»RµSЂR° S– SЃRµR»S„S– R· RЅR°S€RёS‚RёRјRё R·S–SЂRyeR°RјRё R”R°RIRёRgR° RЅR° RѕRgSЏR·S–. R’RѕRЅR° vЂ” S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeR° RgS–RIS‡RёRЅRyeR° R„RIR° RGRµR№RјR°RЅ, SЏRyeR° RIRµRgRµ S‰RѕRgRµRЅRЅRёRye Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ S‚R°Rye, RЅS–R±Rё "R†RЅSЃS‚R°RiSЂR°Rј" S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RI RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё.

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RљRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI RЎRµR№RјSѓ R›R°S‚RIS–S— SѓS…RIR°R»RёRI R·R°SЏRISѓ, Sѓ SЏRyeS–R№ RIRёR·RЅR°RI RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRѕRј RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–SЋ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ.