R†RЅRѕR·RµRјRЅS– RiRѕSЃS‚S– RїR°SЂR°RgSѓ 9 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ RјR°SЋS‚SЊ RїR°RјSЏS‚R°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ R RѕSЃS–SЏ S—S… RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓS” vЂ” R”SЂRѕR±RѕRIRёS‡

RЈSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚S– R·R°S…RѕRgRё RI RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– RЅR° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ 75-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiRё SЃS‚R°RЅSѓS‚SЊ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЋ RїR°SЃS‚RyeRѕSЋ RgR»SЏ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRёS… R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI S– RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёS… RgRµR»RµRiR°S†S–R№ RyeSЂR°S—RЅ, SЏRyeS– RїRѕRiRѕRgSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RIR·SЏS‚Rё RI RЅRёS… SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ.

RЎRЁRђ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚Rѕ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓR»Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅSѓ, RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅSѓ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚R°RјRё RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS—. R¤RћRўRћ

R¤R‘R  RЎRЁRђ RїRµSЂRµRgR°R»Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅSѓ S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅRёRyeR° RџvЂ™S”SЂR° R›SѓS— R“SѓRgSЂRѕ V«R—R°RyeRѕS…R°RЅR° RїR°SЂR°V», SЏRyeR° RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё R±SѓR»R° RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅR° RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚R°RјRё R· RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RјSѓR·RµSЋ RGR°RЅRµRЅRyeS–RI S‚R° R·RiRѕRgRѕRј RѕRїRёRЅRёR»R°SЃSЏ R·R° RѕRyeRµR°RЅRѕRј.

RџR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚ R•SЃS‚RѕRЅS–S— R·R°SЃSѓRgRёRI SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeSѓ "RIRµSЂSЃS–SЋ" R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS—

RџR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚ R•SЃS‚RѕRЅS–S— R S–R№RiS–RyeRѕRiSѓ SЃS…RIR°R»RёRI SЂRµR·RѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ "RџSЂRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅSѓ RїR°RјSЏS‚SЊ S– S„R°R»SЊSЃRёS„S–RyeR°S†S–SЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—", RI SЏRyeS–R№ R·R°SЃSѓRgRёRI SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeSѓ S–RЅS‚RµSЂRїSЂRµS‚R°S†S–SЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RїRѕRgS–R№, SЏRyeS– RїRµSЂRµRgSѓRIR°R»Rё R”SЂSѓRiS–R№ SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIS–R№ RIS–R№RЅS–.

RџSЂRёR±SЂR°S‚Rё RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚RЅRёRye R’R°S‚SѓS‚S–RЅSѓ, R° R№RѕRiRѕ RјRѕRiRёR»Sѓ RїRµSЂRµRЅRµSЃS‚Rё RЅR° S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂ. RџR•RўR?R¦R†RЇ

RљRёSЏRЅRё R·R±RёSЂR°SЋS‚SЊ RїS–RgRїRёSЃRё, S‰RѕR± RgRµRјRѕRЅS‚SѓRIR°S‚Rё RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚RЅRёRye SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»Sѓ R’R°S‚SѓS‚S–RЅSѓ.

R‘SЂR°S‚Rё RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeS– S– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg. R§R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° R†

RћRgRЅRёRј S–R· RIR°RiRѕRјRёS… RµRїS–R·RѕRgS–RI Sѓ R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, SЏRye S– RI R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°S‚R° R±R». SЃRIS‰RјS‡. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–SЏ vЂ” RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeR° RќR°SЂRѕRgS–RI RЎRIS–S‚Sѓ, S” S—S…RЅSЏ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRyeSѓ RiR°R»RёS†SЊRyeRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ. R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— S‡RµSЂRїR°S”RјRѕ R·S– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI RѕS‡RµRIRёRgS†S–RI, RџRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI vЂ” SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR° R±SЂR°S‚S–RI, SЏRye S– RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅR° RЅR° RїRѕRiR°S€RµRЅRЅSЏ R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS—RI Sѓ S‚RѕRgS–S€RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS–, S…RѕS‡R° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅR° SЃR°RјRёRј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚RѕRј. RџR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃ Sѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ Rѕ. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–R№ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓRI RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRёR№ V«RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚SѓV» R·R° RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ, RЅR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R°SЃR»SѓRiR°Rј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ Sѓ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ.

RўSѓSЂRёSЃS‚Rё R·RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RїRѕR±R°S‡RёS‚Rё V«R’RµSЂRIRѕR»SЊS„V» Sѓ RїRµSЂRIRёRЅRЅRѕRјSѓ RIRёRiR»SЏRgS–

RЎS‚R°RIRyeSѓ R“S–S‚R»RµSЂR° V«R’RµSЂRIRѕR»SЊS„V» RI R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRѕ-RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RyeRѕRјRїR»RµRyeSЃS– RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚S– R¶RµSЂS‚RI RЅR°S†RёR·RјSѓ, S‰Rѕ RЅR° R’S–RЅRЅRёS‡S‡RёRЅS–, RїR»R°RЅSѓSЋS‚SЊ V«RIS–RgRЅRѕRIRёS‚RёV» RgR»SЏ S‚SѓSЂRёSЃS‚S–RI Sѓ RїRµSЂRIRёRЅRЅRѕRјSѓ RIRёRiR»SЏRgS– R·R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRѕSЋ S‚RµS…RЅRѕR»RѕRiS–R№ RgRѕRїRѕRIRЅRµRЅRѕS— SЂRµR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S–.

R†RIR°RЅ RњR°S‚RyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№: RЇRye RјRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ RЅRµ RIS–S‚R°RI RIRѕR¶RgSЏ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ Sѓ 1941-RјSѓ

R’ RyeRѕRЅS‚RµRyeSЃS‚S– RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–R№ SЏRyeS– RIRµRgSѓS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅRёRЅS– RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RЅR°RIRyeRѕR»Rѕ RїRѕSЃS‚R°S‚S– RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓSЋ SЂSѓRyeRѕRїRёSЃ R·RIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅRµ RЅRёRј RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1941 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ R·R°R№RЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ R›SЊRIRѕRIR° RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕSЋ R°SЂRјS–S”SЋ.

RЎRїSЂR°RIR° RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ: R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЊ SЂRµR°RiSѓS” RЅR° S–RЅS–S†S–R°S‚RёRISѓ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R±RёRЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R”RћRљRЈRњR•RќRў

R“RѕR»RѕRIR° RїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ S–R·SЂR°S—R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ S– RiRµSЂRѕS—R·RјSѓ "RЇRg R’R°S€RµRј" RђRIRЅRµSЂ RЁR°R»S”RI RIS–RgSЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°RI RЅR° S–RЅS–S†S–R°S‚RёRISѓ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R±RёRЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RњRѕS€Rµ R RµSѓRIRµRЅR° RђR·RјR°RЅR° RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRёSЃRIRѕS”RЅRЅSЏ RјRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚Sѓ RђRЅRgSЂRµSЋ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R·RIR°RЅRЅSЏ "RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ".

R”Rѕ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ RїRµSЂRµRgR°R»Rё RїRѕRЅR°Rg 300 S„RѕS‚Rѕ S–R· R·RѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏRј RїRѕRgS–R№ S‡R°SЃS–RI R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS—. R¤RћRўRћ. R’R†R”R•Rћ

R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRёR№ RyeS–RЅRѕS„RѕS‚RѕS„RѕRЅRѕR°SЂS…S–RI RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI 301 RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚R°R»SЊRЅRµ S„RѕS‚Rѕ S–R· R·RѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏRј RїRѕRgS–R№ S‡R°SЃS–RI R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё S‚R° RїS–SЃR»SЏRIRѕS”RЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂS–RѕRgSѓ. RЎRIS–S‚R»RёRЅRё RgRѕ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЊ RIRёRIRµR·S‚Rё RgRѕ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅRё.

R†RIR°RЅRѕ-R¤SЂR°RЅRyeS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RјSѓR·RµR№ RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕS— R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё RIRёRyeRѕRїR°RЅRѕRiRѕ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ RЈRџRђ. R¤RћRўRћ

R¤RѕRЅRgRё R†RIR°RЅRѕ-R¤SЂR°RЅRyeS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RѕR±R»R°SЃRЅRѕRiRѕ RјSѓR·RµSЋ RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕS— R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё S–Rј. RЎ. R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё RїRѕRїRѕRIRЅRёR»RёSЃSЊ RЅRѕRIRёRјRё RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»R°RјRё R· RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S— S‚R° RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgRё RЈRџRђ, RIRёSЏRIR»RµRЅRёS… RI RћR»RµS€R°RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RћRўR“ RўR»SѓRјR°S†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R№RѕRЅSѓ RI SЃRyeSЂRёRЅSЊS†S– R· RїS–Rg RїR°S‚SЂRѕRЅS–RI, RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SЂRѕR±S–S‚ RїRѕ R±RµSЂRµRiRѕSѓRyeSЂS–RїR»RµRЅRЅS–.

R›SЊRIS–RI RЅRµ RIS–RgRgR°SЃS‚SЊ R RѕSЃS–S— RїSЂR°S… SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRЅRёRyeR° RљSѓR·RЅS”S†RѕRIR°, "RїRѕRyeRё RЅR°S€S– S…R»RѕRїS†S– RI RїRѕR»RѕRЅS–"

R’R»R°RgR° R›SЊRIRѕRIR° RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёR»R°SЃSЏ SЂRѕR·RiR»SЏRgR°S‚Rё RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ RїRµSЂRµRїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂR°S…Sѓ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRЅRёRyeR°, RiRµSЂRѕSЏ RЎR RЎR  RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё RљSѓR·RЅS”S†RѕRIR° vЂ“ RgRѕRyeRё "R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° R¤RµRgRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ RЅRµ RIRµSЂRЅRµ RЅR°S€RёS… RїRѕR»RѕRЅRµRЅRёS…".

RџRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕSЃRѕR» Sѓ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS– RЅR°RiR°RgR°RI RїRѕSЃR»Sѓ R R¤ RyeRѕR»Rё RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЊ R”SЂSѓRiR° SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIR°

RџRѕSЃRѕR» R RµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё RџRѕR»SЊS‰R° RI R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅS–, RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RђRЅRgR¶RµR№ RџS€RёR»RµRјR±SЃSЊRyeRёR№ R·RIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RgRѕ RїRѕSЃR»R° R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R¤RµRgRµSЂR°S†S–S— RЎS”SЂT‘S”SЏ RќS”S‡RµS”RIR° R· R»RёSЃS‚RѕRј Sѓ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RЅR° R№RѕRiRѕ RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ.

V«RЇRg R’R°S€RµRјV» RIRёR±R°S‡RёRISЃSЏ R·R° R±SЂRµS…RЅSЋ RЅR° R¤RѕSЂSѓRјS– RїR°RјSЏS‚S– R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ

R”RёSЂRµRyeS†S–SЏ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»Sѓ V«RЇRg R’R°S€RµRјV» RIRёR·RЅR°R»R°, S‰Rѕ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё RњS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S„RѕSЂSѓRјSѓ RїR°RјSЏS‚S– R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ RјS–SЃS‚RёR»Rё SЃRїRѕS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRgRё - V«RЅRµS‚RѕS‡RЅRѕSЃS‚S–V», V«RѕRgRЅRѕSЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRЅRЅS” S‚SЂR°RyeS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S„R°RyeS‚S–RIV» S– V«RЅRµ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»Rё RgR°RЅRёRј RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅSЊV» RЇRg R’R°S€RµRј.

RЈ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– R·R±RёSЂR°S‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ RgRѕRyeR°R·Rё RgR»SЏ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ

RњS–SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRѕR»RѕRIR° R›SЊRIRѕRIR° RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ RЎR°RgRѕRIRёR№ R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°RI R·S–R±SЂR°S‚Rё R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅSЊ RїSЂRѕ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RјRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ Sѓ RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRyeSѓ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RgS–S‚RµR№ RI S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ RgR»SЏ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ R№RѕRiRѕ RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ.

R’ RћRgRµSЃS– RgRµRјRѕRЅS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ R±R°SЂRµR»SЊS”S„ R–SѓRyeRѕRIR°. R’R†R”R•Rћ

RђRyeS‚RёRIS–SЃS‚Rё RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№ RћRgRµSЃRё RgRµRјRѕRЅS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё, 4 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ, R±R°SЂRµR»SЊS”S„ RјR°SЂS€R°R»R° R–SѓRyeRѕRIR° R· R±SѓRgS–RIR»S– SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiSѓSЂS‚RѕR¶RёS‚RyeSѓ RЅR° RISѓR». RќRѕRIRѕSЃRµR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. RџSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїR°RјSЏS‚S– R·R°SЃRIS–RgS‡RёR»Rё, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕSЂSѓS€RµRЅSЊ R·R°RyeRѕRЅRЅRѕSЃS‚S–.