"RќRµR·SЂS–RIRЅSЏRЅRЅRёR№ RiR°SЂRјR°S‚RЅRёRye" RЎRµRјRµRЅ R›RѕS‰RµRЅRyeRѕ

R’S–RЅ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ S– RIRёSЂS–SЃ RЅR° RѕRyeSѓRїRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ S‚RµRїRµSЂ R›SѓRiR°RЅS‰RёRЅS–, R±SѓRI RЅR°R№RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RёRј R±RѕR№RѕRIRёRј RyeRѕRјR±SЂRёRiRѕRј RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR . R™RѕRiRѕ RiR°SЂRјR°S‚R° RїS–Rg RљSЂSѓS‚R°RјRё "RЅR°SЂRѕR±RёR»R° R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RyeR»RѕRїRѕS‚Sѓ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°Rј". RќR°SЂRµS€S‚S– S” R№RѕRiRѕ S„RѕS‚Rѕ, RgR°S‚R° SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– S– RIS–RgRЅR°R№RgRµRЅRѕ RјRѕRiRёR»Sѓ. R”RѕSЃS– RIRIR°R¶R°RISЃSЏ R·RЅRёRyeR»RёRј Sѓ 1940-S… SЂRѕRyeR°S…, R° RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ 1980-S….

R R°RgR° SѓS…RIR°R»RёR»R° R·R°RyeRѕRЅ RїSЂRѕ R·R±RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRёS… S†S–RЅRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ Sѓ RјSѓR·RµSЏS… R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ S‚R° RљSЂRёRјSѓ

R’RµSЂS…RѕRIRЅR° R R°RgR° SѓS…RIR°R»RёR»R° R·R°RyeRѕRЅ "RџSЂRѕ RIRЅRµSЃRµRЅRЅSЏ R·RјS–RЅ RgRѕ RgRµSЏRyeRёS… R·R°RyeRѕRЅRѕRgR°RIS‡RёS… R°RyeS‚S–RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё (S‰RѕRgRѕ R·R±RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRёS… S†S–RЅRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№)".

"RЇ RЅS–R±Rё RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёRI Sѓ RgRµS€RµRIRёR№ RIRµSЃS‚RµSЂRЅ". R—R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЎR»RѕRISЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RѕS‡RёRјR° S„RѕS‚RѕRyeRѕSЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚R°

"RџRѕRyeRё SЏ RїRµSЂRµR»R°R·RёRI S‡RµSЂRµR· R±R°SЂRёRyeR°RgSѓ R±R»RёR¶S‡Rµ RgRѕ R±R°RЅRgRёS‚S–RI, S‰RѕR± R·SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё S„RѕS‚Rѕ, RI RјRµRЅRµ RIS‡RµRїRёR»RёSЃSЏ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RgS–RgSѓSЃS–RI S‚R° SЃS‚R°R»Rё RyeSЂRёS‡R°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ SЏ R±SѓRI RIRёSЃR°RgR¶RµRЅRёR№ R· RIRµSЂS‚RѕR»SЊRѕS‚R° S– S‰Rѕ SЏ S€RїRёRiSѓRЅ RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— S…SѓRЅS‚Rё.
RђR»Rµ RIR°SЂS‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RјRµRЅS– R·R°SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRIR°S‚Rё RїSЂR°RIRёR»Rѕ RїRµSЂS€RѕS— S„SЂR°R·Rё S– SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё S‡R°SЂS–RIRЅRµ SЃR»RѕRIRѕ "RњRѕSЃRyeRIR°", SЏRye RIRѕRЅRё S€R°RЅRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RIS–RgSЃR°S…RЅSѓR»RёSЃSЏ".

RћR»RµRЅR° R RѕS„Rµ-R‘RµRyeRµS‚RѕRIR°: RљS–R»SЊRyeR° S€S‚SЂRёS…S–RI RgRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RїSЂRѕ RћR»RµRyeSЃS–SЏ RђR»S‡RµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ

RќRµS‰RѕRgR°RIRЅRѕ V«R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°V» RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»R° SЃS‚R°S‚S‚SЋ RћR»RµRiR° R’RёS€RЅSЏRyeRѕRIR° S‚R° R†RIR°RЅR° R”SѓR±S‡RµRЅRyeR° "RћR»RµRyeSЃS–R№ RђR»S‡RµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅR°Rј RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RµRЅ". RџSЂR°-RїSЂR°RѕRЅSѓRyeR° RћR»RµRyeSЃS–SЏ RђR»S‡RµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, S…R°SЂRyeS–RIKјSЏRЅRyeR° RћR»RµRЅR° R RѕS„Rµ-R‘RµRyeRµS‚RѕRIR° RјR°S” SЃRIS–R№ RїRѕRiR»SЏRg RЅR° RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RїRµSЂS€RёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI-RѕR»S–RiR°SЂS…S–RI

RћR»RµRyeSЃS–R№ RђR»S‡RµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅR°Rј RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RµRЅ

R’S–RЅ R·R°SЃRЅSѓRIR°RI RЅRѕRISѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕRјRёSЃR»RѕRIS–SЃS‚SЊ. RћR±R»S–RїR»RµRЅR° RјRµS‚R°SЃS‚R°R·R°RјRё RIR°SЂRIR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕS— S–RЅRgSѓSЃS‚SЂS–R°R»S–R·R°S†S–S—, RIRѕRЅR° S– RgRѕSЃS– S–SЃRЅSѓS” RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RђR»S‡RµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgR°RI RЅR°Rј RIR·S–SЂRµS†SЊ R±S–R·RЅRµSЃRјRµRЅR°, SЏRyeRёR№ RїSЂRёRјRЅRѕR¶SѓSЋS‡Rё SЃRIRѕSЋ S–RјRїRµSЂS–SЋ S‚R° SЃS‚R°S‚RyeRё, RїR°RјSЏS‚R°RI, S…S‚Rѕ RIS–RЅ S– R·RЅR°RI, RgRµ SЃR°RјRµ RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅR° R№RѕRiRѕ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiR° RѕRyeSЂS–Rј RїS–RgRїSЂRёS”RјRЅRёS†S‚RIR°. RўR°Rye, RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI RѕR»S–RiR°SЂS…RѕRј. R† RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†RµRј. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†RµRј, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅR°Rј RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RµRЅ.

R’R·SЏS‚S‚SЏ RђRIRgS–S—RIRyeRё. R†R· V«R©RѕRgRµRЅRЅRёRyeR° RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚R°V»

R R°RїS‚RѕRј RѕRgRёRЅ R· RЅRёS… RyeSЂRёS‡RёS‚SЊ: V«RЎS”RїR°SЂRё!V» - S– R·R° SЃRµRyeSѓRЅRgSѓ RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, SЏRye RIRѕRЅRё RIS–RgRyeSЂRёSЋS‚SЊ (RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё R±) RIRѕRiRѕRЅSЊ, RISЃS‚RёRiR°SЋ RїRѕR±R°S‡RёS‚Rё RI RѕRїS‚RёRyeSѓ: S†Rµ RЅRµ R±RѕR№RѕRIRёRyeRё, S†Rµ S‡RµS‚RIRµSЂRѕ RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёS… RїS–RgR»S–S‚RyeS–RI, SЏRyeS– R±S–R¶R°S‚SЊ Sѓ RЅR°S€ R±S–Rye, RїSЂRёRiRёRЅR°SЋS‡RёSЃSЊ, SѓR·RgRѕRIR¶ SЃS‚S–RЅRyeRё. RЈ RЅRёS… RЅRµRјR°S” R·R±SЂRѕS—! RљSЂRёS‡Sѓ: V«RћS‚SЃS‚R°RIRёS‚SЊ! R¦RёRIS–R»SЊRЅS–!V». R—RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, SЏ S‰Rµ SЂR°R·, RЅRµ R·SЂRѕR±RёRIS€Rё R¶RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕSЃS‚SЂS–R»Sѓ, RїSЂRёRЅRµSЃR»R° RyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚SЊ.

RўSЂRё S†S–R»S– R·R° RЅS–S‡. R†R· V«R©RѕRgRµRЅRЅRёRyeR° RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚R°V»

R† R±R°S‡Sѓ, SЏRye R±RѕR№RѕRIRёRyeRё RµRIR°RyeSѓSЋSЋS‚SЊ RїRѕSЂR°RЅRµRЅRѕRiRѕ. R”RIRѕS” RIRёS‚SЏRiR°SЋS‚SЊ R№RѕRiRѕ R· RѕRyeRѕRїSѓ S– R·R°R±RёSЂR°SЋS‚SЊ. R™RѕRiRѕ SЂSѓRyeRё Sѓ RЅRёS… RЅR° RїR»RµS‡R°S…, RiRѕR»RѕRIR° R·RIRёSЃR°S” RЅR° RiSЂSѓRgRё. RўSЂRѕS” RIS–RgSЂR°R·Sѓ, Sѓ RїRѕRIRЅRёR№ R·SЂS–SЃS‚ vЂ“ R»RµRiRyeR° RјS–S€RµRЅSЊ, SЃRїRѕRyeSѓSЃR»RёRIR° RјS–S€RµRЅSЊ... RђR»Rµ SЏ RЅRµ SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏSЋ. RљRѕR»Rё RµRIR°RyeSѓSЋSЋS‚SЊ RїRѕSЂR°RЅRµRЅRѕRiRѕ, SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏS‚Rё RЅRµ RјRѕR¶RЅR°. RўR°Rye RјRµRЅRµ RЅR°RIS‡RёR»Rё. R•S‚RёRyeR° RIS–R№RЅRё. RўR°R±Sѓ. V«RќRµR»SЊR·SЏ RїSЂRµRISЂR°S‰R°S‚SЊ R±R»R°RiRѕSЂRѕRgRЅRѕRµ RёSЃRyeSѓSЃSЃS‚RIRѕ RIRѕR№RЅS‹ RI SЃRyeRѕS‚SЃS‚RIRѕV», - RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚SЊ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ R’RѕR»SЊS„.

RЈ RљSЂR°RјR°S‚RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeSѓ S€RyeRѕR»S– RїSЂRёSЃRIRѕS”RЅRѕ S–RјSЏ R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ RЎS‚SѓSЃR°

RљSЂR°RјR°S‚RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeR° R—RћRЁ v„–8 S‚RµRїRµSЂ RЅRѕSЃRёS‚RёRјRµ S–RјvЂ™SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRёSЃRёRgRµRЅS‚R°, RїSЂR°RIRѕR·R°S…RёSЃRЅRёRyeR° S– RїRѕRµS‚R° R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ RЎS‚SѓSЃR°.

RџSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RGS–SЂRѕR°RyeS– RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ: R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·Rј

R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS” RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RI RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ S„RѕSЂRјS–. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RјRѕRI, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S–RgRµR№, RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RISЃS–Rј S†RёRј. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ S” S†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRј S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R† SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RIRё R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїR»R°RЅS– SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃRѕRј, S‚Rѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ R±SѓRgRµ RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»RµRiS€Rµ. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS–, SЏ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ RљRёS—RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg R·RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S†RёRјRё R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё.

RќR°R№RјR°RЅS†S– R R¤ "RgRµRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»Rё" RїR»RѕS‰Sѓ RI S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeR°. R¤RћRўRћ

R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeS– S‚RµSЂRѕSЂRёSЃS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё R–RѕRIS‚RЅRµRISѓ RїR»RѕS‰Sѓ RI S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– RјS–SЃS‚R° RЅR° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅRѕRiRѕ RIR°S‚R°R¶RyeR° "R”RќR " RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂR° R—R°S…R°SЂS‡RµRЅRyeR°.

12 R»RёRїRЅSЏ (29 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ) 1917: RЎS‚R°RЅS†S–SЏ RGR°RЅR¶RµRЅRyeRѕRIRѕ RЅR° R”RѕRЅS‰RёRЅS–

RЈ RGR°RЅR¶RµRЅRyeRѕRIRѕRјSѓ Sѓ 1917 SЂ. RgS–SЏR»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR°

R’ R†RЅS‚RµSЂRЅRµS‚S– R·SЏRIRёRISЃSЏ RЅRѕRIRёR№ S‚SЂRµR№R»RµSЂ S„S–R»SЊRјSѓ "R†R»RѕRIR°R№SЃSЊRye". R’R†R”R•Rћ

R”SЂSѓRiRёR№ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёR№ S‚SЂRµR№R»RµSЂ S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S„S–R»SЊRјSѓ "R†R»RѕRIR°R№SЃSЊRye" RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»Rё RI RњRµSЂRµR¶S–.

RЈ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ R°SЂS‚RµS„R°RyeS‚S–RI RgRѕ 5-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RјS–SЃS‚ SЃS…RѕRgSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R¤RћRўRћ

R”Rѕ 5-RѕS— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RјS–SЃS‚ R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— S‚R° R›SѓRiR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚RµR№ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ, RЅR° SЏRyeS–R№ RїRѕRyeR°R·R°R»Rё RїRµSЂRµRјRѕR¶RЅS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂRё, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rё RїS–RgRЅSЏS‚S– RЅR°Rg RIRёR·RIRѕR»RµRЅRёRјRё RљSЂR°RјR°S‚RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRј, RњR°SЂS–SѓRїRѕR»RµRј S‚R° R©R°SЃS‚SЏRј, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ SѓRЅS–RyeR°R»SЊRЅS– SЂRµS‡S–, RїRѕRIvЂ™SЏR·R°RЅS– S–R· R·R°RiRёR±R»RёRјRё RiRµSЂRѕSЏRјRё RI SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RIS–R№RЅS–.

R†R· RЁRёSЂRѕRyeRёRЅRѕRiRѕ RµRIR°RyeSѓSЋRIR°R»Rё RyeRѕR»RµRyeS†S–SЋ RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅ, SЏRyeSѓ RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё RIS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRѕSЋ. R¤RћRўRћ

R— RїSЂRёS„SЂRѕRЅS‚RѕRIRѕRiRѕ RЁRёSЂRѕRyeRёRЅRѕRiRѕ, SЏRyeRµ RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ R·SЂSѓR№RЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RI SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚S– R±RѕR№RѕRIRёS… RgS–R№, RµRIR°RyeSѓSЋRIR°R»Rё RyeRѕR»RµRyeS†S–SЋ RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅ RјR°SЂS–SѓRїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅRёRyeR°-RiSЂR°S„S–RyeR° R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂR° RџR°RIR»SЋRyeR°. R‡S— RIS–Rg R°SЂS‚RѕR±SЃS‚SЂS–R»S–RI S…RѕRIR°RI S‡RµS‡RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»RµS†SЊ.

RЈ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅS– Sѓ 2014-RјSѓ RјS–SЃS‚R° SЃS…RѕRgSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R¤RћRўRћ

1 R»RёRїRЅSЏ Sѓ RIS–RyeRЅR°S… RЈRyeSЂS–RЅS„RѕSЂRјSѓ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»R°SЃSЏ S„RѕS‚RѕRIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR° V«R’RµSЂS‚R°S”RјRѕ SЃRIRѕS”V» RgRѕ 5-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RјS–SЃS‚ SЃS…RѕRgSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.