RџSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RGS–SЂRѕR°RyeS– RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ: R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·Rј

R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS” RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RI RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ S„RѕSЂRјS–. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RјRѕRI, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S–RgRµR№, RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RISЃS–Rј S†RёRј. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ S” S†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRј S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R† SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RIRё R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїR»R°RЅS– SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃRѕRј, S‚Rѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ R±SѓRgRµ RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»RµRiS€Rµ. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS–, SЏ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ RљRёS—RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg R·RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S†RёRјRё R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё.

RќR°R№RјR°RЅS†S– R R¤ "RgRµRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»Rё" RїR»RѕS‰Sѓ RI S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeR°. R¤RћRўRћ

R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeS– S‚RµSЂRѕSЂRёSЃS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё R–RѕRIS‚RЅRµRISѓ RїR»RѕS‰Sѓ RI S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– RјS–SЃS‚R° RЅR° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅRѕRiRѕ RIR°S‚R°R¶RyeR° "R”RќR " RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂR° R—R°S…R°SЂS‡RµRЅRyeR°.

12 R»RёRїRЅSЏ (29 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ) 1917: RЎS‚R°RЅS†S–SЏ RGR°RЅR¶RµRЅRyeRѕRIRѕ RЅR° R”RѕRЅS‰RёRЅS–

RЈ RGR°RЅR¶RµRЅRyeRѕRIRѕRјSѓ Sѓ 1917 SЂ. RgS–SЏR»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR°

R’ R†RЅS‚RµSЂRЅRµS‚S– R·SЏRIRёRISЃSЏ RЅRѕRIRёR№ S‚SЂRµR№R»RµSЂ S„S–R»SЊRјSѓ "R†R»RѕRIR°R№SЃSЊRye". R’R†R”R•Rћ

R”SЂSѓRiRёR№ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёR№ S‚SЂRµR№R»RµSЂ S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S„S–R»SЊRјSѓ "R†R»RѕRIR°R№SЃSЊRye" RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»Rё RI RњRµSЂRµR¶S–.

RЈ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ R°SЂS‚RµS„R°RyeS‚S–RI RgRѕ 5-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RјS–SЃS‚ SЃS…RѕRgSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R¤RћRўRћ

R”Rѕ 5-RѕS— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RјS–SЃS‚ R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— S‚R° R›SѓRiR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚RµR№ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ, RЅR° SЏRyeS–R№ RїRѕRyeR°R·R°R»Rё RїRµSЂRµRјRѕR¶RЅS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂRё, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rё RїS–RgRЅSЏS‚S– RЅR°Rg RIRёR·RIRѕR»RµRЅRёRјRё RљSЂR°RјR°S‚RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRј, RњR°SЂS–SѓRїRѕR»RµRј S‚R° R©R°SЃS‚SЏRј, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ SѓRЅS–RyeR°R»SЊRЅS– SЂRµS‡S–, RїRѕRIvЂ™SЏR·R°RЅS– S–R· R·R°RiRёR±R»RёRјRё RiRµSЂRѕSЏRјRё RI SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RIS–R№RЅS–.

R†R· RЁRёSЂRѕRyeRёRЅRѕRiRѕ RµRIR°RyeSѓSЋRIR°R»Rё RyeRѕR»RµRyeS†S–SЋ RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅ, SЏRyeSѓ RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё RIS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRѕSЋ. R¤RћRўRћ

R— RїSЂRёS„SЂRѕRЅS‚RѕRIRѕRiRѕ RЁRёSЂRѕRyeRёRЅRѕRiRѕ, SЏRyeRµ RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ R·SЂSѓR№RЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RI SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚S– R±RѕR№RѕRIRёS… RgS–R№, RµRIR°RyeSѓSЋRIR°R»Rё RyeRѕR»RµRyeS†S–SЋ RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅ RјR°SЂS–SѓRїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅRёRyeR°-RiSЂR°S„S–RyeR° R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂR° RџR°RIR»SЋRyeR°. R‡S— RIS–Rg R°SЂS‚RѕR±SЃS‚SЂS–R»S–RI S…RѕRIR°RI S‡RµS‡RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»RµS†SЊ.

RЈ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅS– Sѓ 2014-RјSѓ RјS–SЃS‚R° SЃS…RѕRgSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R¤RћRўRћ

1 R»RёRїRЅSЏ Sѓ RIS–RyeRЅR°S… RЈRyeSЂS–RЅS„RѕSЂRјSѓ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»R°SЃSЏ S„RѕS‚RѕRIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR° V«R’RµSЂS‚R°S”RјRѕ SЃRIRѕS”V» RgRѕ 5-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RјS–SЃS‚ SЃS…RѕRgSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

R’RѕRiRЅSЏRЅS– RgRѕSЂRѕRiRё SЂRѕS‚Rё V«RЎRIS–S‚SЏR·SЊV». R”Rѕ 5-S— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ

RЈ RїS–RgRIR°R»S– S€RyeRѕR»Rё v„– 14 RЅRµRiR°R№RЅRѕRiRѕ S…S–SЂSѓSЂRiS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RIS‚SЂSѓS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±SѓRIR°RI R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R†S‰SѓRye, RѕRgRЅR°Rye RЅR° RµRIR°RyeSѓR°S†S–SЋ RїRѕSЂR°RЅRµRЅRѕRiRѕ R·RiRѕRgRё RЅRµ RgR°RIR°R»Rё. RњS–SЃS‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕS‚RѕS‡RµRЅRµ. R”Rѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕS— S…RIRёR»RёRЅRё R·R° R№RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ R±RѕSЂRѕR»RёSЃSЊ RјRµRgRёRye R±R°S‚R°R»SЊR№RѕRЅSѓ vЂњR”RѕRЅR±R°SЃvЂќ RђRЅRЅR° R†R»SЋS‰RµRЅRyeRѕRIR° (RїRѕR·RёRIRЅRёR№ vЂњRњSѓSЂRyeR°vЂќ) S– S„RµR»SЊRgS€RµSЂ SЂRѕS‚Rё vЂњRЎRIS–S‚SЏR·SЊvЂќ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ RЎRёRIRёR№ (RїRѕR·RёRIRЅRёR№ vЂњR”RѕRyevЂќ).

RђRќRћRќRЎ: R›RµRyeS†S–SЏ V«R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RiS–R±SЂRёRgRЅR° RIS–R№RЅR°: S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ S‚R° SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅS–SЃS‚SЊV»

RЈ R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– RјRёRЅR°S” 5 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RIS–Rg RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R·R±SЂRѕR№RЅRѕS— R°RiSЂRµSЃS–S— RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, R° SЃR°RјRµ: RїSЂSЏRјRѕRiRѕ R·R°SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·R±SЂRѕR№RЅRѕS— SЃRёR»Rё S‚R° RѕRїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRyeRѕRIR°RЅRёS… RјRµS‚RѕRgS–RI RїS–RgSЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕS— SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiS–R±SЂRёRgRЅRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё.

RЎS‚R°SЂS‚SѓRIR°RI S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–R№RЅRёR№ RјR°SЂR°S„RѕRЅ RїSЂRѕ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЃRїSЂRѕS‚RёRI RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ

5 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RISЃSЏ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–R№RЅRёR№ RјR°SЂR°S„RѕRЅ, RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃRIRѕS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°SЋS‚SЊ SЃRIS–RgRyeRё, SЏRyeS– S‡RёRЅRёR»Rё SЃRїSЂRѕS‚RёRI RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— RЅR°RIRµSЃRЅS– 2014 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S– SЃS‚R°R»Rё RiRµSЂRѕSЏRјRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ.

RђRќRћRќRЎ: RљSЂSѓRiR»RёR№ SЃS‚S–R» V«R”RµRЅSЊ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃRїSЂRѕS‚RёRISѓ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S—V». R’R†R”R•Rћ

RЈ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–RgR±SѓRgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RyeSЂSѓRiR»RёR№ SЃS‚S–R», RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅRёR№ RїvЂ™SЏS‚S–R№ SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃRїSЂRѕS‚RёRISѓ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S—.

RќR° R”RѕRЅRµS‡S‡RёRЅS– R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RgR°RIRЅSЊRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё

RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕRїRѕRye RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S– 2018-RiRѕ R°SЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRiRё R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… SЃS‚R°SЂRѕRgR°RIRЅS–S… RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂ.

R RѕSЃS‚RёSЃR»R°RI R›SѓR¶RµS†SЊRyeRёR№: RЇRye RgRµRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё RђSЂS‚RµRјR° S– RISЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°S‚Rё RљR°RIR°R»RµSЂS–RgR·Rµ

R’RµSЃS‚Rё RјRѕRISѓ RїSЂRѕ SЃRyeSѓR»SЊRїS‚SѓSЂSѓ RљR°RIR°R»RµSЂS–RgR·Rµ Sѓ RЎRISЏS‚RѕRiS–SЂSЃSЊRyeSѓ, RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚RЅRёRye RђSЂS‚RµRјSѓ, RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRѕ S„R°S…RѕRIRѕ S– RISЂR°S…RѕRISѓRIR°SЋS‡Rё S‚SЂRё S„R°RyeS‚RѕSЂRё: RјRёSЃS‚RµS†SЊRyeRёR№, S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRёR№ S– S‚RµS…RЅRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRёR№.

RђRќRћRќRЎ: RЈ R’RµSЂS…RѕRIRЅS–R№ R R°RgS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR° V«R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ: RџRµSЂRµRїR RRћS‡RёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RѕR±SЂR°R·SѓV»

R’RёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR° S” SЃRїSЂRѕR±RѕSЋ RgRµRyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓSЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅRµRiR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RјRµRgS–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ RѕR±SЂR°R·Sѓ RyeSЂR°SЋ SЏRye "RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ" SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅSѓ, SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgRѕSЋ S‚R° R°RyeS‚SѓR°R»S–R·RѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS– RI SѓRјRѕRIR°S… RIS–R№RЅRё R RѕSЃS–S— RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

RЈ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ, SЏRyeR° SЂSѓR№RЅSѓS” RјS–S„Rё RїSЂRѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚S– S‚R° RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RјSѓR·RµR№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїS–RgRiRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ V«R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ: RїRµSЂRµPROS‡RёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RѕR±SЂR°R·SѓV», SЏRyeR° SЃRїSЂRѕSЃS‚RѕRISѓS” SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS– S– SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RјS–S„Rё RїSЂRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SѓSЃ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ SЏRye RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕRiRѕ R°RЅS‚RёSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅSѓ.