RќR° R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅS– R—RµR»RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RI R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅR° RIS–RgRїR°R»R° R±SѓR»R°RIR°

RЈ RљSЂRёRIRѕRјSѓ R RѕR·S– RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚RЅRёRye RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅSѓ R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅSѓ RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёRI RїSЂR°RISѓ SЂSѓRyeSѓ.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RјSѓS€S‚SЂR°: RIS–Rg RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRѕ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё

RЎR»RѕRIRѕ "S‡RµS‚R°" R·R°RїRѕR·RёS‡RёRI S–R· SЃRµSЂR±SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕRIRё RљRёSЂRёR»Rѕ RўSЂRёR»SЊRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№, SЏRyeRёR№ RgSѓR¶Rµ RѕR±SѓSЂSЋRIR°RISЃSЏ, RyeRѕR»Rё S†Rµ SЃR»RѕRIRѕ RїRµSЂRµRyeSЂSѓS‡SѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЊ RЅR° "S‡RѕS‚R°". RњRѕRIRѕR·RЅR°RIRµS†SЊ R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R—R°RgRѕSЂRѕR¶RЅRёR№ RIRIR°R¶R°S”, S‰Rѕ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RIRёRїR°RgRyeSѓ "S„RѕRЅRµS‚RёRyeR° RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiR»R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ". R¤RѕRЅRµS‚RёS‡RЅS– R·RјS–RЅRё Sѓ S‚RIS–SЂRЅRѕRјSѓ "S‡RѕS‚R°" SЃRyeR»R°R»RёSЃSЏ RIRЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye R·R°RyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–SЂRЅRѕS— R»R°R±S–R°R»S–R·R°S†S–S— "Rµ" RїS–SЃR»SЏ S€RёRїR»SЏS‡RѕRiRѕ, SЏRye RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg Sѓ SЃR»RѕRIR°S… "R¶RѕRЅR°" (RyeRѕR». "R¶RµRЅR°"), S‰RѕRyeR° (RyeRѕR». "S‰RµRyeR°") S‚RѕS‰Rѕ.

RђRќRћRќRЎ: RЈ RќRњR†RЈ vЂ“ R»RµRyeS†S–SЏ "RљRѕR·R°Rye RЅR° R”RЅS–RїSЂS– vЂ“ SЏRye RyeR°S‡RyeR° RЅR° RIRѕRgS–"

5 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RјSѓR·RµR№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R·R°RїSЂRѕS€SѓS” RЅR° R»RµRyeS†S–SЋ "RљRѕR·R°Rye RЅR° R”RЅS–RїSЂS– vЂ“ SЏRye RyeR°S‡RyeR° RЅR° RIRѕRgS–", RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅSѓ S‚R°RyeS–R№ RјR°R»RѕRIS–RgRѕRјS–R№ SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅS†S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SЏRye SЂS–S‡RyeRѕRIRёR№ S„R»RѕS‚ Sѓ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… RyeR°RјRїR°RЅS–SЏS… R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅR° RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ (1648vЂ“1657 SЂSЂ.).

RџRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRµRјS”SЂ RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЏRI RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS‡S‡RёRЅSѓ R· R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚RѕRј. R’R†R”R•Rћ

RџSЂRµRјvЂ™S”SЂ-RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RњR°S‚RµSѓS€ RњRѕSЂR°RIRµS†SЊRyeRёR№ R·R°S†RёS‚SѓRIR°RI SЃR»RѕRIR° S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R±RёRЅR°, SЏRyeRёR№ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёRI R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅR° RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RI RѕRgRёRЅ SЂSЏRg R· R“S–S‚R»RµSЂRѕRј S‚R° R“S–RјRјR»RµSЂRѕRј SЏRye RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёRјRё R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅS†SЏRјRё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S”RISЂRµS—RI.

RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїRѕR»RyeSѓ RЅR°RgR°R»Rё S–RјvЂ™SЏ R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅR° RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ

RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»Rye RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI S–RјvЂ™SЏ R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅR° RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚R° RЅRѕRIRёR№ R±RѕR№RѕRIRёR№ RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂ.

RЈ R§RµSЂRЅS–RiRѕRIS– SЂRѕR·RIRµSЂS‚R°SЋS‚SЊ RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RѕR±R»RёS‡S‡SЏRј RgRѕ S†RµSЂRyeRIRё, SЃRїRёRЅRѕSЋ RgRѕ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё

RЈ R§RµSЂRЅS–RiRѕRIS– RїR°RјSЏS‚RЅRёRye RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅSѓ R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅSѓ RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё SЂRѕR·RIRµSЂS‚R°S‚Rё RI RїSЂRѕS‚RёR»RµR¶RЅRёR№ R±S–Rye vЂ” RѕR±R»RёS‡S‡SЏRј RgRѕ RџSЏS‚RЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— S†RµSЂRyeRIRё R№ S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїR»RѕS‰S– RјS–SЃS‚R° S–, SЏRye RIRёSЏRIRёR»RѕSЃSЏ, SЃRїRёRЅRѕSЋ vЂ” RgRѕ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё.

RџR»R°RЅ "R‘" R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅR° RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. R§Rё RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€SѓRIR°RI RIS–RЅ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё?

27 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1648 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚RѕS— SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– S–S”SЂSѓSЃR°R»RёRјSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°S‚SЂS–R°SЂS… RџR°S—SЃS–R№ R±RµR· SЃRїRѕRIS–RgS– RIS–RgRїSѓSЃS‚RёRI RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅSѓ RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RјRёRЅSѓR»S–, R° R№ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅS– RiSЂS–S…Rё. RЎR°RјRµ S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ S– RЅR°RgR°S” RѕR±SЂSЏRgSѓ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ RїS–RgS‚RµRyeSЃS‚Sѓ: RIS–RgRїSѓS‰RµRЅRЅSЏ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅS–S… RiSЂS–S…S–RI - RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· RµR»RµRјRµRЅS‚S–RI RyeRѕSЂRѕRЅR°S†S–R№RЅRѕS— RїSЂRѕS†RµRgSѓSЂRё.