RЈ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»R°SЃSЊ RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR° RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅR° 75-SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R· R—R°RyeRµSЂR·RѕRЅRЅSЏ. R¤RћRўRћ

10 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ, RIS–RgR±SѓR»RѕSЃSЊ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚S‚SЏ RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeRё KyeR’R?R“RќRђRќRќRЇ. R”Rѕ 75-S… SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRёRЅ RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R· R›RµRјRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё, RќR°RgSЃSЏRЅRЅSЏ, R›SЋR±R°S‡S–RIS‰RёRЅRё, RGRѕR»RјS‰RёRЅRё, RџS–RIRgRµRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RџS–RgR»SЏS€S€SЏ S– R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕS— R‘RѕR№RyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRёKye.

RџSЂRѕ S†Rµ RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏS” R“R°R»-R†RЅS„Rѕ.

 

R’ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S” S‡RёRјR°R»Rѕ RyeSЂRёRIR°RIRёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye, RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё R№ SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ SЏRyeS– RgRѕRIRiRёR№ S‡R°SЃ R±SѓR»Rё R·R°SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‡RµRЅS– SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±R°RјRё R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRµR¶RёRјSѓ RЎR RЎR .

RћRgRЅS–S”SЋ R· S‚R°RyeRёS… S” RјR°SЃRѕRIR° RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R· SЂS–RgRЅRёS… R·RµRјRµR»SЊ Sѓ 1944-1951 SЂRѕRyeR°S…. R’RёRiRЅR°RIS€Rё R· RgRѕRјS–RIRѕRye 700 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, R±SѓR»Rѕ R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅRѕ S†S–R»RёR№ RїR»R°SЃS‚ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё.

RќR°Rg S†RёRј RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeRѕRIRёRј RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚RѕRј RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»Rѕ S‡RёRјR°R»Rѕ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS†S–RI S‚R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeS–RI, SЏRyeS– RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёR»Rё R·R° RјRµS‚Sѓ SЂRѕR·RyeSЂRёS‚Rё SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ S—S…RЅS–S… RїRѕR±SЂR°S‚RёRјS–RI R· RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ, R№ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–SЃS‚Rё, S‡RµSЂRµR· S‰Rѕ S‚RёRј RgRѕRIRµR»RѕSЃSЊ RїSЂRѕR№S‚Rё.

 
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R”RёRIRёSЃSЊ.R†RЅS„Rѕ

R’RёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR° SЃRyeR»R°RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S–R· 18 R±R°RЅRµSЂRЅRёS… SЃS‚RµRЅRgS–RI, RЅR° SЏRyeRёS… R·RѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅS– S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S—, RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё, RyeR°SЂS‚Rё R№ RgS–R°RiSЂR°RјRё, S‰Rѕ RgRѕRїRѕRјR°RiR°SЋS‚SЊ RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S‚Rё RїRµSЂRµRgSѓRјRѕRIRё, S…S–Rg S‚R° RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRyeRё RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–R№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R· S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–R№ R›RµRјRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё, RќR°RgSЃSЏRЅRЅSЏ, R›SЋR±R°S‡S–RIS‰RёRЅRё, RGRѕR»RјS‰RёRЅRё, RџS–RIRgRµRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RџS–RgR»SЏS€S€SЏ S– R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕS— R‘RѕR№RyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё.

KyeRќR°Rј RIR°R¶R»RёRIRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRIS–RgR°S‚Rё S†SЋ RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ, R±Rѕ RIRѕRЅR° SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЅR°S€RѕS— SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё. RўSѓS‚, RЅR° S†RёS… SЃS‚RµRЅRgR°S…, RїRѕRyeR°R·R°RЅS– RgSѓR¶Rµ S†S–RyeR°RIS– RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё. RўR°RyeS–, S‰Rѕ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅR°S€R° RїSЂR°R±R°R±SѓSЃSЏ RЅRµ RјR°R»R° RЅR° SЂSѓRyeR°S…. RњRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ, R№ RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»R° RїSЂRѕ S—S… S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ.

RЇ RїSЂRёR№S€R»R° R· SЃRёRЅRѕRј, R°R±Rё RIS–RЅ RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ RїRѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёRISЃSЏ R·S– SЃRIRѕS—Rј RyeRѕSЂS–RЅRЅSЏRј: R·RIS–RgRyeRё RIS–RЅ, S…S‚Rѕ S– RyeSѓRgRё RјRё R№RgRµRјRѕ, – SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–R»R° RѕRgRЅR° R· RIS–RgRIS–RgSѓRIR°S‡S–RI RїR°RЅS– RћR»RµRЅR°. – RЈ RЅR°S€RёS… S€RyeRѕR»R°S… S‚RµRїRµSЂ R±RѕSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R°R№RIRёR№ SЂR°R· SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–SЃS‚Rё S‰RѕSЃSЊ S‚R°RyeRµ, R±RѕSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚RµR¶ RIRgSЏRiRЅSѓS‚Rё R№ RIRёS€RёRIR°RЅRyeSѓ. R—RЅRѕRISѓ RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅRµRїRµRIRЅS– S‡R°SЃRёKye.

 
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R”RёRIRёSЃSЊ.R†RЅS„Rѕ

RќR° RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ R·R°RIS–S‚R°RI R№ RgRёSЂRµRyeS‚RѕSЂ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјSѓR·RµSЋ R†RIR°RЅR° R¤SЂR°RЅRyeR° R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅ RўRёS…RѕR»RѕR·.

KyeRњRё SЃSЋRgRё RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё RiSѓSЂS‚RѕRј — SѓSЃS– "RјRµS€RyeR°RЅS†S–" KyeR”RѕRјRѕRј R¤SЂR°RЅRyeR°Kye. RњR°S”RјRѕ S‚R°RyeSѓ S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–SЋ SЂR°R·RѕRј RIS–RgRIS–RgSѓRIR°S‚Rё RјRёSЃS‚RµS†SЊRyeS– RїRѕRgS–S—, S†S–RyeR°RIRёRјRѕSЃSЊ S‚RёRј, S‰Rѕ S‚RIRѕSЂSЏS‚SЊ RЅR°S€S– RyeRѕR»RµRiRё, RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјSѓS”RјRѕ S—S…, RїRµSЂRµR№RјR°S”RјRѕ RgRѕSЃRIS–Rg. Rђ RїS–SЃR»SЏ SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRёS… RIS–RgRIS–RgRёRЅ SЏRyeRѕS—SЃSЊ RїRѕRgS–S— – RѕR±RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЋS”RјRѕ S—S— RyeRѕR»RµRyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕKye, – SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RI R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅ RўRёS…RѕR»RѕR· S– RgRѕRgR°RI:

KyeR‘R°RЅRµSЂRЅR° RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR° – RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRёR№ S– SЃRIRѕS”SЂS–RgRЅRёR№ R¶R°RЅSЂ. RњRё SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S”RјRѕ, S‰Rѕ R·R° RЅRµSЋ SЃS‚RѕS—S‚SЊ RIRµR»RёRyeR° RїSЂR°S†SЏ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS†S–RI. R‘R°S‡RёRјRѕ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S†S–RyeR°RIRѕS— S‚R° RїRѕS‡R°SЃS‚Rё RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ RIRIRµRgRµRЅRѕS— RI RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёR№ RѕR±S–Ri S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— S‰RѕRgRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRµSЂRµSЃRµR»RµRЅS†S–RI. R’RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ, S” R№ S†S–RЅRЅR° RIS–R·SѓR°R»SЊRЅR° RyeRѕRјRїRѕRЅRµRЅS‚R° – SЃRIS–S‚R»RёRЅRё, S„RѕS‚RѕRyeRѕRїS–S— RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RIKye.

 
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R”RёRIRёSЃSЊ.R†RЅS„Rѕ

RЇRye RyeR°R¶Rµ R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅ RўRёS…RѕR»RѕR·, RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRѕ, S‰Rѕ RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR° RїRѕRgR°S” S†SЋ S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–SЋ RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ R· RїRѕR·RёS†S–S— R¶RµSЂS‚RIRё, R°R»Rµ R№ — RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЏ, SЏRyeRёR№ R·RјSѓS€RµRЅRёR№ RIS‚SЂR°S‡R°S‚Rё R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅSѓ, S– RЅR°RјR°RiR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚RIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RЅRѕRISѓ.

KyeR”SѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRѕ, S‰RѕR± RјRё SЃRIRѕS” RyeRѕSЂS–RЅRЅSЏ RїR°RјSЏS‚R°R»Rё. R RѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rё, SЏRyeRѕSЋ RIRµR»RёRyeRѕSЋ S” RЅR°S€R° RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°, SЏRyeRѕSЋ S‚SЏR¶RyeRѕSЋ S†S–RЅRѕSЋ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶SѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ RЅR°S†S–SЏ S‚R° SЏRyeRѕSЋ RyeSЂRёRIR°RIRѕSЋ R±SѓR»R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RЅR° S†SЊRѕRјSѓ S€R»SЏS…Sѓ. R’SЂR°S…RѕRISѓSЋS‡Rё S†Rµ, RјRё RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅS– S†S–RЅSѓRIR°S‚Rё SЃRIRѕS” R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ S‚R° RЅRµS…R·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊKye, – RgRѕRgR°S” RIS–RЅ.

 
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R”RёRIRёSЃSЊ.R†RЅS„Rѕ

RџSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ S” SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRёRј RЅR°RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїR°RјSЏS‚S– RI SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R· R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRѕR·RЅR°RISЃS‚RIR° RќRђRќRЈ, R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕR·RЅR°RISЃS‚RIR° S–Rј. R†RIR°RЅR° RљSЂRёRїSЏRyeRµRIRёS‡R° RќRђRќRЈ, R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S†RµSЂRyeRIRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeR°S‚RѕR»RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ, R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRѕ-RyeSЂR°S”R·RЅR°RIS‡RѕRiRѕ RјSѓR·RµSЋ Rј. R’RёRЅRЅRёRyeRё S‚R° RЎRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— S„RµRgRµSЂR°S†S–S— R»RµRјRyeS–RISЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№.

R’RёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR° RїSЂRѕS…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ RЅR° S‚SЂRµS‚SЊRѕRјSѓ RїRѕRIRµSЂSЃS– RњSѓR·RµSЋ RµS‚RЅRѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— S‚R° S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕRјRёSЃR»Sѓ R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRѕR·RЅR°RISЃS‚RIR° RќRђRќ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, S‰Rѕ R·R° R°RgSЂRµSЃRѕSЋ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚ RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgRё, 15 S– S‚SЂRёRIR°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ 30 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ.

RќRµSЃSѓRIRµSЂRµRЅRЅS– RЅR°S†S–S—. RЇRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° SЃS‚R°R»R° R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS†RµSЋ RћRћRќ?

RўS–, S…S‚Rѕ RiSЂR°S” Sѓ SЂS–R·RЅRѕRIRёRg S€R°S…S–RI S–R· RЅR°R·RIRѕSЋ V«RЇR»S‚R°V», R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊ, RЅR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё S†S–RЅRЅRёRјRё (R°R»Rµ RЅRµRїRµRIRЅRёRјRё) R±SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIS– R°R»SЊSЏRЅSЃRё. R“SЂSѓ RїSЂRёRgSѓRјR°R»Rё RїS–SЃR»SЏ RЇR»S‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— S– RЅR°R·RIR°R»Rё RЅR° S—S— S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ.

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RЅR° R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R¤RѕSЂSѓRјS– RIRёRgR°RIS†S–RI. R RћR—RљR›RђR”

RЈ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RISЃSЏ 26-R№ R¤RѕSЂSѓRј RIRёRgR°RIS†S–RI. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕ RѕR±SЂR°R»R° SЃRµSЂRµRg SЃRѕS‚RµRЅSЊ R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI S‚S–, S‰Rѕ RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅS– R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ.

RџSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR° V«R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏV». RќR°RIS–S‰Rѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°R»Rё RЅR° V«RјRѕRISѓV» RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RїS–SЃRµRЅSЊ R·R°SЏRISѓ RњRѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIR°?

RќRµRIRgRѕRIR·S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ "R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ" RЅR° R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏS…, S‰Rѕ SЃS‚R°R»Rё S‚RµRїRµSЂ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё, RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё RIRёRЅRёRyeR°S‚Rё "RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅS–" RїS–SЃRЅS– R№ RIS–SЂS€S– RїSЂRѕ "R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°-RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR°" S‚R° "RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°RЅS–RI". RўR°RyeR° S‚RIRѕSЂS‡S–SЃS‚SЊ, RїRѕRїSЂRё SЃRIS–R№ RIRgR°RIR°RЅRёR№ "SЃS‚RёS…S–R№RЅRёR№" S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ, RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»R° RЅR°RїSЂRѕS‡SѓRg SЃS…RѕR¶RѕSЋ RЅR° RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RўRђRЎRЎ S‡Rё RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS†S– "RџSЂR°RIRgRё".

R„SЂSѓSЃR°R»RёRј Sѓ SЃRµSЂS†S– RђS„SЂRёRyeRё

"RћSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°SЋSЃSЏ RїRёSЃR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RЅRёS…, R±Rѕ RјRµRЅS– RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїRѕRIS–SЂRёS‚SЊ, R°R»Rµ RїSЂRёSЃSЏRiR°SЋSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RїRёS€Sѓ S‰RёSЂSѓ RїSЂR°RIRgSѓ..." RЇRye SЃRyeRµR»SЊRЅS– S†RµSЂRyeRIRё R›R°R»S–R±RµR»Rё SѓRIS–S‡RЅRёR»Rё S—S…RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚RIRѕSЂS†SЏ S– RїRѕR·R±R°RIRёR»Rё RIR»R°RgRё R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°S‰R°RgRyeS–RI