RђSЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRiRё SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–R»Rё RїSЂRѕ RgR°RIRЅS–R№ R°RyeRIR°RјR°RЅS–R», SЏRyeRёR№ R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS–

RЎRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕRIS–S‡RЅRёR№ R›SЊRIS–RI, SЏRye RIS–RgRѕRјRѕ, R±SѓRI RѕRgRЅRёRј R· S†RµRЅS‚SЂS–RI S‚RѕSЂRiS–RIR»S– S‚R° SЂRµRјS–SЃRЅRёS†S‚RIR°. R—RЅR°S‡RЅSѓ SЂRѕR»SЊ RI RјS–SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰S– RIS–RgS–RiSЂR°RIR°R»Rё SЂRµRјS–SЃRЅRёRyeRё vЂ“ R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°, RiRѕRЅS‡R°SЂS–, SЏRye RјS–SЃS†RµRIS– S‚R°Rye R№ S–RЅRѕR·RµRјS†S–. R’RёSЂS–R± RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RјR°R№SЃS‚SЂS–RI RgS–R№S€RѕRI RgRѕ RЅR°S€RёS… RgRЅS–RI RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RЅRµSѓS€RyeRѕRgR¶RµRЅRёRј.

RћRїRёSЃ S‚R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ R·RЅR°S…S–RgRyeRё R°SЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRiRё SЂRѕR·RјS–SЃS‚RёR»Rё RЅR° SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅS†S– RќR°SѓRyeRѕRIRѕ-RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRѕRiRѕ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ "R SЏS‚S–RIRЅR° R°SЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅR° SЃR»SѓR¶R±R°" RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏS” R“R°R»-R†RЅS„Rѕ.

 R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: RќR°SѓRyeRѕRIRѕ-RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRѕRiRѕ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ "R SЏS‚S–RIRЅR° R°SЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅR° SЃR»SѓR¶R±R°"

 

RњRѕRIR° R№RgRµ RїSЂRѕ R°RyeRIR°RјR°RЅS–R» (S–RЅS€R° RЅR°R·RIR° RIRѕRgRѕR»S–R№), S‰Rѕ R±SѓRI RIRёSЏRIR»RµRЅRёR№ RЅR° RISѓR». RЎRµSЂR±SЃSЊRyeS–R№, 3. RќRёRЅS– R±SѓRgRёRЅRѕRye R·R° S†S–S”SЋ R°RgSЂRµSЃRѕSЋ RIS–RgRѕRјS–R№ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕSЃS‚S– S– S‚SѓSЂRёSЃS‚R°Rј SЏRye "S„R°R±SЂRёRyeR° S€RѕRyeRѕR»R°RgSѓ". R’S–RЅ R±SѓRI R·RЅR°R№RgRµRЅRёR№ RI R·R°RїRѕRIRЅRµRЅRЅS– RyeRѕR»RѕRgSЏR·SЏ SЃRµSЂRµRg RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Sѓ XV-XVI SЃS‚.

R—R°R·RIRёS‡R°R№ R°RyeRIR°RјR°RЅS–R» (R»R°S‚. aquaemanalis, aqua — RIRѕRgR° S– manus — SЂSѓRyeR°) – S†Rµ R±SѓRI RЅR°SЃS‚S–R»SЊRЅRёR№ SЂSѓRyeRѕRјRёR№RЅRёRye, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅR°R№S‡R°SЃS‚S–S€Rµ RIRёRiRѕS‚RѕRIR»SЏR»Rё R· RiR»RёRЅRё R°R±Rѕ R±SЂRѕRЅR·Rё Sѓ RIRёRiR»SЏRgS– S„S–RiSѓSЂRѕRye SЂRµR°R»SЊRЅRёS… S‡Rё S„R°RЅS‚R°SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёS… R·RIS–SЂS–RI R°R±Rѕ RїS‚R°S…S–RI. R‡S… SЂRѕR±RёR»Rё RїSѓSЃS‚RѕS‚S–R»RёRјRё, R· SЂRѕR·RyeSЂRёS‚RёRјRё RїR°S‰R°RјRё S‡Rё RgR·SЊRѕR±R°RјRё RgR»SЏ R·R»RёRISѓ RIRѕRgRё, R·R° SЂSѓS‡RyeSѓ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°RISЃSЏ S…RIS–SЃS‚.

RџRѕSЃSѓRgRёRЅR° RIS–RgRѕRјR° R· R°RЅS‚RёS‡RЅRёS… S‡R°SЃS–RI, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS€RёSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RЅR°R±SѓR»R° RI RїRµSЂS–RѕRg RЎRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕRIS–S‡S‡SЏ. RџRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRIRѕ R°RyeRIR°RјR°RЅS–R»Rё RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЊ RI S†RµSЂRyeRѕRIRЅRѕRјSѓ RIR¶RёS‚RyeSѓ S– SЃR»SѓR¶RёR»Rё RgR»SЏ RѕRјRёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ SЂSѓRye RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R»S–S‚SѓSЂRiS–R№, RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ – SЃS‚R°R»Rё RїSЂRµRgRјRµS‚R°RјRё RїRѕR±SѓS‚Sѓ RI S„RµRѕRgR°R»SЊRЅRёS… (S€R»SЏS…RµS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS…) RyeRѕR»R°S…, RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј RїSЂRё R±RµRЅRyeRµS‚R°S….

RЈ RgR°RЅRѕRјSѓ RIRёRїR°RgRyeSѓ – S†Rµ RyeRµSЂR°RјS–S‡RЅR° RїRѕSЃSѓRgRёRЅR° (15,4S…15,2S…10,3 SЃRј) Sѓ RIRёRiR»SЏRgS– SЃS‚RёR»S–R·RѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ "RiRѕR»SѓR±R°", RIRёRiRѕS‚RѕRIR»RµRЅR° R· RiR»RёRЅRё S‚R° RїSЂRёRyeSЂR°S€RµRЅR° RѕSЂRЅR°RјRµRЅS‚RѕRј RI SЃS‚RёR»S– SЂRёS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ.

R“RѕR»RѕRIR° RїS‚R°S…R° Sѓ S„RѕSЂRјS– RЅRѕSЃRёRyeR° RgR»SЏ R·R»RёRISѓ, S‚SѓR»SѓR± – RyeSѓR»RµRїRѕRgS–R±RЅRёR№, S…RIS–SЃS‚ RIRёRyeRѕRЅSѓS” SЂRѕR»SЊ SЂSѓS‡RyeRё. RЎR°RјR° S–SЃS‚RѕS‚R° SЃS‚RѕS—S‚SЊ RЅR° S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RЅS–R¶RyeR°S…, S‰Rѕ, RgRѕ SЂRµS‡S–, S” RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RЅRµR·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»RёRј, SЏRye RgR»SЏ RїS‚R°S…R°.

RЎRµSЂRµRg R°RЅR°R»RѕRiS–R№ S‚SЂR°RїR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R·RЅR°S‡RЅR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ R±SЂRѕRЅR·RѕRIRёS… R°RyeRIR°RјR°RЅS–R»S–RI, S‚RѕRgS– SЏRye RyeRµSЂR°RјS–S‡RЅRёS… Sѓ RIRёRiR»SЏRgS– R·RIS–SЂS–RI S‚R° RїS‚R°S…S–RI RЅRµ S‚R°Rye R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ. R’RёRiRѕS‚RѕRIRёRI R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIRѕRgRѕR»S–SЏ, SЃRyeRѕSЂS–S€ R·R° RISЃRµ, RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёR№ RјR°R№SЃS‚RµSЂ, S…RѕS‡ RЅRµ RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RµRЅRµ S– S–RјRїRѕSЂS‚RЅRµ RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, R°RgR¶Rµ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRIRёS‡S–RISЃSЊRyeR° RyeR°RјSЏRЅRёS†SЏ R· RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ XVII SЃS‚ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°R»R° RјS–S‰R°RЅRёRЅSѓ RIS–SЂRјRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ.

R§RёS‚R°R№S‚Rµ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶:

RђSЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRiRё R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё R±SЂRёS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRёRIRѕ, SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ 2 S‚RёSЃ. SЂRѕRyeS–RI

100 RyeRЅRёRi RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" SЂRµRyeRѕRјRµRЅRgSѓS”

RџRµSЂRµR»S–Rye RIRёRgR°RЅSЊ, SЏRyeS– RIRёR№S€R»Rё R·R° S‡R°SЃS–RI RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– S– SЏRyeS– RgR°SЋS‚SЊ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RїS–R·RЅR°S‚Rё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RЅR°S€RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI, RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… R»SЋRgRµR№ S– SЏRIRёS‰. R† SЏRyeS– SЂRѕR±R»SЏS‚SЊ S†Rµ R· SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRI. RџRµRIRЅS–, S‰Rѕ S‡R°SЃ, RIRёS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ RЅR° S‡RёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅRµ R±SѓRgRµ RIS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёRј.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–. RќR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RyeRѕRЅS‚RёRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– vЂ” RЅR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RѕR±RѕS… RђRјRµSЂRёRye S‚R° RђRISЃS‚SЂR°R»S–S—. RўR°RyeRёRј S” RїS–RgSЃSѓRјRѕRye RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– 28-S— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё. RЇRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R·RјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј SЂRѕRyeS–RI RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–? R§RѕRјSѓ RјRё RIRїSЂRёS‚SѓR» RЅRµ RїRѕRјS–S‡R°S”RјRѕ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° vЂ” RЅRµ RЈRiR°RЅRgR°!?

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?

RћRјRµR»SЏRЅ RљRѕRIS‡ vЂ” SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRye, RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚ S‚R° RїSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye

"RљRѕRIS‡, SЏRyeRёR№ RgRѕSЃRyeRѕRЅR°R»Rѕ R·RЅR°RI RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ, RyeSЂRёRyeRЅSѓRI RgRѕ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI, S‰RѕR± RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RgRѕ SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– RѕRЅS–RјS–R»Rё RIS–Rg R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S– RїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ, R° RѕS‚RµS†SЊ RyeRёRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RIRёRЅRѕSЃRёS‚Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ S–R· RїR°R»R°SЋS‡RѕS— SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RЎRµSЂRµRg S–RЅS€RёS…, SЏRyeRёS… RISЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°RI Rѕ. RљRѕRIS‡, R±SѓRI SЂR°R±RёRЅ Rј. R‘RµR»R· RђR°SЂRѕRЅ R RѕRyeRµR°S…".