RЈ R”R°RЅS–S— RIRѕRgRѕRїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeRё R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕRIS–S‡RЅRёR№ RјRµS‡. R¤RћRўRћ

RЈ RјS–SЃS‚S– RћR»SЊR±RѕSЂR·S– RЅR° RїS–RIRЅRѕS‡S– R”R°RЅS–S— R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё RgRѕR±SЂRµ R·R±RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅRёR№ SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕRIS–S‡RЅRёR№ RјRµS‡.

RђSЂS‚RµS„R°RyeS‚ RIRёSЏRIRёR»Rё S–RЅR¶RµRЅRµSЂRё-RIRѕRgRѕRїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeRё RЅR° RѕRgRЅS–R№ S–R· S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRёS… RISѓR»RёS†SЊ RјS–SЃS‚R° RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓRgS–RIRµR»SЊRЅRёS… SЂRѕR±S–S‚, RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏS” R“R°R·RµS‚R°.R®RµR№ S–R· RїRѕSЃRёR»R°RЅRЅSЏRј RЅR° N+1.

 R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: N+1

R—R±SЂRѕSЋ RgR°S‚SѓSЋS‚SЊ XII–XIV SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏRјRё. RњRµS‡ R±SѓRI RgSѓR¶Rµ RIRёSЃRѕRyeRѕS— SЏRyeRѕSЃS‚S– S– RgRѕR±SЂRµ R·R±RµSЂS–RiSЃSЏ RgRѕ RЅR°S€RёS… RgRЅS–RI.

R”RѕR·RIRѕR»RёS‚Rё SЃRѕR±S– S‚R°RyeRёR№ RјRµS‡ RјRѕRiR»Rё S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R·R°RјRѕR¶RЅS– R»SЋRgRё. R’S–RЅ RIR°R¶RёS‚SЊ R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ RyeS–R»RѕRiSЂR°RјR°. R”RѕRIR¶RёRЅR° RyeR»RёRЅRyeR° SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‚SЊ 93 SЃRј, RgRѕRIR¶RёRЅR° RISЃSЊRѕRiRѕ RјRµS‡R° — 112 SЃRј. R—R±RµSЂRµRiR»R°SЃSЏ RiR°SЂRgR° S– RyeSѓR»SЊRѕRїRѕRgS–R±RЅRµ SЂSѓRyeS–RISЏ RјRµS‡R°.

 R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: N+1

RќR° RgSѓRјRyeSѓ S„R°S…S–RIS†S–RI, RјRµS‡RµRј, R№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕ, SЃRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°R»RёSЃSЏ R»RёS€Rµ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂR°R·S–RI.

R—R° SЃR»RѕRIR°RјRё SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI RјSѓR·RµSЋ, RјRµS‡S– R·R°R·RIRёS‡R°R№ R·RЅR°S…RѕRgSЏS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏS… R°SЂRёSЃS‚RѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI, R° RЅRµ RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†SЏS…. R¦RµR№ R°SЂS‚RµS„R°RyeS‚ R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†S–, RI RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕRјSѓ S€R°SЂS– XIV SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ. RџSЂRёRїSѓSЃRyeR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RIR»R°SЃRЅRёRye RIRїSѓSЃS‚RёRI R№RѕRiRѕ RI R±R°RiRЅSЋRyeSѓ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RѕRgRЅS–S”S— R· R±RёS‚RI S– RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёRI RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RIS–RgSЃS‚SѓRїSѓ R°R±Rѕ RIS‚RµS‡S–.

R§RёS‚R°R№S‚Rµ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶:

RђSЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRiRё R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё R±SЂRёS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRёRIRѕ, SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ 2 S‚RёSЃ. SЂRѕRyeS–RI

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?

RћRјRµR»SЏRЅ RљRѕRIS‡ vЂ” SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRye, RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚ S‚R° RїSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye

"RљRѕRIS‡, SЏRyeRёR№ RgRѕSЃRyeRѕRЅR°R»Rѕ R·RЅR°RI RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ, RyeSЂRёRyeRЅSѓRI RgRѕ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI, S‰RѕR± RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RgRѕ SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– RѕRЅS–RјS–R»Rё RIS–Rg R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S– RїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ, R° RѕS‚RµS†SЊ RyeRёRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RIRёRЅRѕSЃRёS‚Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ S–R· RїR°R»R°SЋS‡RѕS— SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RЎRµSЂRµRg S–RЅS€RёS…, SЏRyeRёS… RISЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°RI Rѕ. RљRѕRIS‡, R±SѓRI SЂR°R±RёRЅ Rј. R‘RµR»R· RђR°SЂRѕRЅ R RѕRyeRµR°S…".

R‘RµR· RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI S– RyeRѕRјSЃRѕRјRѕR»SЊS†S–RI. RЇRye R·R°SЃRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё RЎRїS–R»RyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS–

19 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1989 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RЅR° RiRѕSЂS– RњR°RyeS–RIRyeR° vЂ“ RјS–SЃS†S– R±RѕS—RI RЈRЎRЎ R· RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёRј RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRј R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RЎRїS–R»RyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS– (RЎRќRЈRњ). RћSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRјRё RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRyeR°RјRё RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R·R°RgRµRyeR»R°SЂSѓRIR°R»Rё RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№, RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕ-RѕSЃRIS–S‚RЅS–R№ S‚R° SЃRїRѕSЂS‚RёRIRЅRёR№. RЈ SЃS‚R°S‚SѓS‚ R±RµR· RgRIRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ RIRЅRµSЃR»Rё RЅRѕSЂRјSѓ: "RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё S‚R° RyeRѕRјSЃRѕRјRѕR»SЊS†S– S‡R»RµRЅR°RјRё RЎRќRЈRњSѓ R±SѓS‚Rё RЅRµ RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ".

RџSѓS‚S‡ Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– Sѓ SЃRµSЂRїRЅS– 1991 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RЇRye SЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°R»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°

RћS‡RµRIRёRgS†S– R· SЂR°RgS–SЃS‚SЋ R·RiR°RgSѓSЋS‚SЊ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚, RyeRѕR»Rё RgRѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeS– S€R°S…S‚R°SЂS– S‚RµR¶ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rё RЅRµ RIRёR·RЅR°RIR°S‚Rё SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSѓS‚S‡RёSЃS‚S–RI S–R· R“RљR§Rџ S– RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR»Rё RїSЂRѕ R±RµR·SЃS‚SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SЃS‚SЂR°R№Rye, RIRёRјR°RiR°SЋS‡Rё R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RљRџR RЎ.