RђSЂS…S–RI R·SЏSЃSѓRIR°RI RgRѕR»S– R·R°S…RёSЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RЈRќR , R·R°RiRёR±R»RёS… RїS–Rg RљRёS”RIRѕRј Sѓ 1919-RјSѓ

RџSЂR°S†S–RIRЅRёRyeRё R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RI RљRёS”RIS– R·vЂ™SЏSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅRё R±RѕSЋ RyeSѓSЂRµRЅS–RI RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  RI 1919 SЂRѕS†S– RЅR° RљRёS—RIS‰RёRЅS–.

1 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RјS–SЃS‚RµS‡RyeSѓ R›S–S‚RyeRё RћSЃS‚RµSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRIS–S‚Sѓ R§RµSЂRЅS–RiS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–S— (S‚RµRїRµSЂ SЃRµR»Rѕ R›S–S‚RyeRё R‘SЂRѕRIR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R№RѕRЅSѓ RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S–) RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ R±S–R№ 1-RiRѕ S‚R° 2-RiRѕ R§RѕSЂRЅRѕRјRѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeSѓSЂRµRЅS–RI RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёS… RIS–R№SЃSЊRye.

R¦Rµ RIRёRїR»RёRIR°S” R· RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RјRµS‚SЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RyeRЅRёRi RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅRѕS— RўSЂRѕS—S†SЊRyeRѕS— S†RµSЂRyeRIRё R›S–S‚RѕRye, SЏRyeRµ RїSЂRѕRIRµR»Rё RїSЂR°S†S–RIRЅRёRyeRё R°SЂS…S–RISѓ.

 RњRµS‚SЂRёS‡RЅR° RyeRЅRёRiR° RўSЂRѕS—S†SЊRyeRѕS— S†RµSЂRyeRIRё. R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRёR№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёR№ R°SЂS…S–RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё (RљRёS”RIS–), S„. 2011, RѕRї. 2, SЃRїSЂ. 250, R°SЂRye. 82

RўRѕRgS– R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rѕ 16 RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR , SЏRyeRёS… RїRѕS…RѕRIR°R»Rё RI R±SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RјRѕRiRёR»S– 4 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R†RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕ, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° R±RёR»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ 1-RiRѕ  R‘RѕRiSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RyeSѓ RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё R©RѕSЂSЃR°, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїR°RI RЅR° RљRёS—RI S– RIRIS–R№S€RѕRI RgRѕ RјS–SЃS‚R° 5 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ.

R—-RїRѕRјS–R¶ 16-S… R·R°S…RёSЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RIRgR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RIS–RgS‡RёS‚R°S‚Rё S–RјRµRЅR° R»RёS€Rµ RgRIRѕS…. R¦Rµ – RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ RљRѕSЂRѕS‚RµRЅRyeRѕ R· R’R°SЃRёR»SЊRyeS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRIS–S‚Sѓ RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–S— S‚R° 25-SЂS–S‡RЅRёR№ RђRЅR°S‚RѕR»S–R№ R†RIR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡ RљRёSЃR»RѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ R· RјS–SЃS‚R° RџSЂRёR»SѓRyeRё RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–S— (RЅRёRЅS– R§RµSЂRЅS–RiS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S–).

 RђSЂRyeSѓS€S– 82 R·RI-83, RЅR° SЏRyeRёS… R·R°RїRёSЃR°RЅRѕ RїSЂRѕ R·R°RiRёR±RµR»SЊ RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  Sѓ R›S–S‚RyeR°S…. R”R»SЏ R·R±S–R»SЊS€RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚RёSЃRЅS–S‚SЊ S‚SѓS‚

R’S‚SЂR°S‚Rё S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕR°SЂRјS–R№S†S–RI Sѓ RјRµS‚SЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RyeRЅRёRiR°S… RЅRµ R·R°S„S–RyeSЃRѕRIR°RЅS–.

RЇRye RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏSЋS‚SЊ RI R¦R”R†RђRљ, SЂR°RЅS–S€Rµ RIRIR°R¶R°R»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ R±S–R№ Sѓ R›S–S‚RyeR°S… SЃS‚R°RISЃSЏ 21 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ (3 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ) 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RјS–R¶ SЋRЅRyeRµSЂR°RјRё 1-S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕS— S€RyeRѕR»Rё S–Rј. R‘. RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚R° S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёRјRё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°RјRё RњSѓSЂR°RIR№RѕRIR° RїS–SЃR»SЏ R±RѕSЋ RїS–Rg RљSЂSѓS‚R°RјRё.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?

RћRјRµR»SЏRЅ RљRѕRIS‡ vЂ” SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRye, RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚ S‚R° RїSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye

"RљRѕRIS‡, SЏRyeRёR№ RgRѕSЃRyeRѕRЅR°R»Rѕ R·RЅR°RI RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ, RyeSЂRёRyeRЅSѓRI RgRѕ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI, S‰RѕR± RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RgRѕ SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– RѕRЅS–RјS–R»Rё RIS–Rg R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S– RїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ, R° RѕS‚RµS†SЊ RyeRёRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RIRёRЅRѕSЃRёS‚Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ S–R· RїR°R»R°SЋS‡RѕS— SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RЎRµSЂRµRg S–RЅS€RёS…, SЏRyeRёS… RISЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°RI Rѕ. RљRѕRIS‡, R±SѓRI SЂR°R±RёRЅ Rј. R‘RµR»R· RђR°SЂRѕRЅ R RѕRyeRµR°S…".

R‘RµR· RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI S– RyeRѕRјSЃRѕRјRѕR»SЊS†S–RI. RЇRye R·R°SЃRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё RЎRїS–R»RyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS–

19 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1989 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RЅR° RiRѕSЂS– RњR°RyeS–RIRyeR° vЂ“ RјS–SЃS†S– R±RѕS—RI RЈRЎRЎ R· RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёRј RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRј R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RЎRїS–R»RyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS– (RЎRќRЈRњ). RћSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRјRё RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRyeR°RјRё RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R·R°RgRµRyeR»R°SЂSѓRIR°R»Rё RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№, RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕ-RѕSЃRIS–S‚RЅS–R№ S‚R° SЃRїRѕSЂS‚RёRIRЅRёR№. RЈ SЃS‚R°S‚SѓS‚ R±RµR· RgRIRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ RIRЅRµSЃR»Rё RЅRѕSЂRјSѓ: "RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё S‚R° RyeRѕRјSЃRѕRјRѕR»SЊS†S– S‡R»RµRЅR°RјRё RЎRќRЈRњSѓ R±SѓS‚Rё RЅRµ RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ".

RџSѓS‚S‡ Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– Sѓ SЃRµSЂRїRЅS– 1991 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RЇRye SЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°R»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°

RћS‡RµRIRёRgS†S– R· SЂR°RgS–SЃS‚SЋ R·RiR°RgSѓSЋS‚SЊ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚, RyeRѕR»Rё RgRѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeS– S€R°S…S‚R°SЂS– S‚RµR¶ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rё RЅRµ RIRёR·RЅR°RIR°S‚Rё SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSѓS‚S‡RёSЃS‚S–RI S–R· R“RљR§Rџ S– RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR»Rё RїSЂRѕ R±RµR·SЃS‚SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SЃS‚SЂR°R№Rye, RIRёRјR°RiR°SЋS‡Rё R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RљRџR RЎ.