RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

RџSЂRѕ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI vЂ“ RЅRµRIRёRgRёRјRёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё

RўR°Rye RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS–, RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё S” RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ SЃSѓSЃS–RgR°RјRё RЅR°S€RѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё, RјR°SЋS‡Rё SЃRIRѕSЋ R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–SЋ Sѓ SЃRyeR»R°RgS– RњRѕR»RgRѕRIRё, RIRѕRЅRё S” RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· RyeRѕSЂS–RЅRЅRёS… RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё (S…RѕS‡ RїRѕRyeRё S‰Rѕ S†Rµ RЅRµ R·R°S‚RIRµSЂRgR¶RµRЅRѕ R·R°RyeRѕRЅRѕRgR°RIS‡Rѕ), RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°SЋS‚SЊ Sѓ SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅRЅS–, R·R° RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeRѕRј RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… SЃS–R» R±S–R»SЏ RјRѕR»RgR°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅSѓ RїRѕSЂSѓS‡ R· R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S”SЋ.

RћSЃRЅRѕRIRЅR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI RIS–Rg S—S…RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR° SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RѕS‚RѕS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ – S†Rµ S‚SЋSЂRyeRѕRјRѕRIRЅRёR№, R°R»Rµ RїSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg. R’ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RЅR°SЂR°S…RѕRISѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S—S… R±S–R»SЏ 30 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡, R° R·R°RiR°R»RѕRј Sѓ R‘RµSЃSЃR°SЂR°R±S–S— (RњRѕR»RgRѕRIR° + RїS–RIRgRµRЅSЊ RћRgRµSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё) R±S–R»SЏ 160 S‚RёSЃ.

RќR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RIS–RgRѕRјRёRј RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRyeRѕRј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— S– RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– S” RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ RЁR°R±R°S€RѕRI R· RћRgRµSЃRё, RiRѕR»RѕRIR° RјS–SЃS†RµRIRѕRiRѕ S‡SѓRIR°SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ (!) S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIR° "R®R»S‚R°S€" (S‡SѓRIR°S€S– S‚R°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ S‚SЋSЂRyeRѕRјRѕRIRЅS– RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅS– – R .Rљ.).

RќR° RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ RїRѕSЃRёR»R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R„R¶Rё RGR°S‚R»R°SЃ, R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RIRёRgR°RЅRѕS— Sѓ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RјR°R№R¶Rµ 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ RyeRЅRёRiRё "R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–SЏ S– RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё. R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ S‚R° SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ". RЁR°R±R°S€RѕRI S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ S”RgRёRЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R°RIS‚RѕSЂ, RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS–R№ Sѓ S†S–R№ RјRѕRЅRѕRiSЂR°S„S–S—.

 RћR±RyeR»R°RgRёRЅRyeR° RyeRЅRёRiRё "R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–SЏ S– RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё. R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ S‚R° SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ"

RЎR°RјR° R¶ RIRѕRЅR° RјR°S” RїRѕR»S–RgRёSЃS†RёRїR»S–RЅR°SЂRЅRёR№ S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ, RЅR°RјR°RiR°SЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRёS‚Rё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S‡RёS‚R°S‡Sѓ SЃRїRµS†RёS„S–RyeSѓ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R·R°RiR°RgRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ "RI RїS–RiSѓR»S†S–" – RIS–Rg RµS‚RЅRѕRiRµRЅRµR·Sѓ RgRѕ SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёS… SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRёS… RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃS–RI S‚R° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїSЂS–RѕSЂRёS‚RµS‚S–RI.

R©Rѕ S‡RёS‚R°S”RјRѕ? Jerzy Hatłas, Gagauzja i Gagauzi. Historia oraz współczesność, - Poznań: Biblioteka Uniwersytecka w Poznaiu, Instytut Wschodni UAM, 2009.

R”R»SЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R°RIS‚RѕSЂSѓ, RyeRѕS‚SЂRёR№ SЏRye RgRѕRyeS‚RѕSЂ R·R°S…RёSЃS‚RёRISЃSЏ Sѓ RЎS…S–RgRЅRѕRјSѓ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚S– RЈRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ RђRgR°RјR° RњS–S†RyeRµRIRёS‡R° RI RџRѕR·RЅR°RЅS–, RgRѕRIRµR»RѕSЃSЏ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚Rё S–R· R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRѕSЋ S‚R° RgR¶RµSЂRµR»R°RјRё Sѓ RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… RјRѕRIR°S… RIS–RgSЂR°R·Sѓ – R±RѕR»RiR°SЂSЃSЊRyeS–R№, RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№, SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS–R№, SЂSѓRјSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№, S‚SѓSЂRµS†SЊRyeS–R№.

RќR°R№RјRµRЅS€Rµ Sѓ RyeRЅRёR·S– RјS–SЃS†SЏ R·RЅR°R№S€R»RѕSЃSЏ RgR»SЏ RѕRїRёSЃSѓ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕS— S‚R° RgSѓS…RѕRIRЅRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ RGR°S‚R»R°SЃ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂR°R·S–RI RїS–RgRyeSЂRµSЃR»SЋRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ RЅRµ RI S‚RѕRјSѓ R±R°S‡RёRI SЃRIRѕS” R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ, S– S‰Rѕ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgS– RЅR° S†S– RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RјRѕR¶RЅR° R·RЅR°R№S‚Rё Sѓ R»RµRiS€RѕRјSѓ RgRѕSЃS‚SѓRїS– RgRµS–RЅRgRµ.

RљRЅRёRiSѓ RїRѕRgS–R»RµRЅRѕ, RѕRyeSЂS–Rј R’SЃS‚SѓRїSѓ S– R—R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ, RЅR° 5 SЂRѕR·RgS–R»S–RI (RЅR°R·RIRё SѓRјRѕRIRЅRѕ SЃRyeRѕSЂRѕS‡SѓSЋ): 1) R•S‚RЅRѕRiRµRЅRµR·; 2) R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RЅR° S‚RµSЂRµRЅS– R‘RµSЃSЃR°SЂR°R±S–S—; 3) R•R»RµRјRµRЅS‚Rё S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё; 4) R—R°RiR°R»SЊRЅS– RIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЃS‚S– RїSЂRѕ R“R°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeSѓ R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–SЋ; 5) R”RёR»RµRјRё RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS— SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S–: R±R°RiR°S‚RѕRyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S‡Rё R±R°RiR°S‚RѕRµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ.

R’SЃS‚SѓRїS– RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅSѓ SѓRIR°RiSѓ RїSЂRёRgS–R»RµRЅRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— RIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЃS‚RµR№ S– RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅSЊ RїSЂRѕ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI, S– S‚SѓS‚ RЅR°Rј R±SѓRgRµ S†S–RyeR°RIRѕ RgS–R·RЅR°S‚RёSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RѕRyeSЂS–Rј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, SЂRѕSЃS–SЏRЅ, R±RѕR»RiR°SЂ S‡Rё RјRѕR»RgR°RIR°RЅ/SЂSѓRјSѓRЅ, SЃR°Rј R°RIS‚RѕSЂ S” RgR°R»RµRyeRѕ RЅRµ RїRµSЂS€RёRј RїRѕR»SЏRyeRѕRј, RyeRѕS‚SЂRёR№ R·R°S†S–RyeR°RIRёRISЃSЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·R°RјRё: RgRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S†SЋ RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјR°S‚RёRyeSѓ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶SѓRIR°R»Rё RI SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– RGRG SЃS‚. S‚SЋSЂRyeRѕR»RѕRiRё R· RЇRiRµR»R»RѕRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ RI RљSЂR°RyeRѕRIS– RўR°RgRµSѓS€ RљRѕRIR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° R’R»RѕRgR·S–RјS”R¶ R—R°R№RѕRЅS‡RyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№, R° RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ RGRG SЃS‚. RЇRЅ TђR¶RµT‘RѕR¶RµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ R·S– R›SЊRIRѕRIR°.

RўR°RyeRѕR¶ RGR°S‚R»R°SЃ R·R°SЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°S”, S‰Rѕ RїS–RgS…RѕRgRёS‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI SЏRye RgRѕ RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅRѕS—, R° RЅRµ SЏRye RgRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RјRµRЅS€RёRЅRё, RѕSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° RЅR°SѓRyeR° RїS–Rg RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕSЋ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S” SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕS‚Sѓ, RyeRѕS‚SЂR° RѕS‚RѕS‚RѕR¶RЅSЋS” SЃRIRѕSЋ SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S–R· RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЋ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRѕSЋ S‚R° RјR°S” SЃRIS–RgRѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ "RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S–", S‚RѕRgS– SЏRye RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅR° "RЅRµ RѕS‚RѕS‚RѕR¶RЅSЋS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S–R· RЅR°SЂRѕRgRѕRј, R·RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅRёRј Sѓ RIR»R°SЃRЅS–R№ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIS–" S‚R° RјR°S” "SЃRIS–RgRѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕS— RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅRѕS— SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S–".

RGRѕS‡ S†RµR№ RїS–RgS…S–Rg RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ SЃRїS–SЂRЅRёR№, RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ S‰Rѕ SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°S†S–R№ R±RµR·RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRёS…, S– RI RњRѕR»RgRѕRIS– RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё S” RЅR°SЂRѕRgRѕRј, RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ RјRµRЅS€RёRЅRѕSЋ, RgR°RЅRµ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRµSЂSѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёRј RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRїRѕRј.

R RѕR·RgS–R» 1, RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјS– RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI S‚R° S—S…RЅSЊRѕS— RЅR°R·RIRё, S” RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RЅR°R№S†S–RyeR°RIS–S€RёS…. R”RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RЅSЊRѕ SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ SЏRye RјS–RЅS–RјSѓRј S‚SѓSЂRyeRё, R±RѕR»RiR°SЂRё S– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RiSЂRµRyeRё RIRIR°R¶R°SЋS‚SЊ S—S… "SЃRIRѕS—RјRё".

RџRµSЂS€RѕSЋ RIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЋ R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRѕSЋ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI, R·RIS–RgRyeRё R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ S—S… RїRµSЂRµSЃRµR»RёR»R°SЃSЊ RI R‘SѓRgR¶R°Rye, R±SѓR»R° R”RѕR±SЂSѓRgR¶R°, SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅ R±S–R»SЏ R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓR·R±RµSЂRµR¶R¶SЏ R§RѕSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RјRѕSЂSЏ, RЅRёRЅS– RїRѕRgS–R»RµRЅRёR№ RјS–R¶ R‘RѕR»RiR°SЂS–S”SЋ S– R SѓRјSѓRЅS–S”SЋ.

RќR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅS– S‚RµRѕSЂS–S— SЂRѕR·S…RѕRgSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RI S‚RѕRјSѓ, R·RIS–RgRyeRё RI R”RѕR±SЂSѓRgR¶S– RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё RIR·SЏR»RёSЃSЏ. RЇRyeS‰Rѕ R±SЂR°S‚Rё S‚SЋSЂRyeSЃSЊRyeSѓ RIRµSЂSЃS–SЋ RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, S‚Rѕ S– RIRѕRЅR° RgS–R»RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ SЏRye RјS–RЅS–RјSѓRј RЅR°RgRIRѕS”, R° RgRIS– S‚S– S‰Rµ RЅR°RgRIRѕS”.

 RћRiSѓR·Rё VIII-IX SЃS‚.

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R“R°R»RµSЂRµRё.Ykt.Ru

 

RђR±Rѕ RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё S†Rµ RїRѕS‚RѕRјRyeRё RїRѕR»RѕRIS†S–RI (RyeSѓRјR°RЅS–RI) / R°R±Rѕ R¶ SѓR·S–RI S‡Rё RѕRiSѓR·S–RI, S– RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё RЅR° R‘R°R»RyeR°RЅRё "RїS–RIRЅS–S‡RЅRёRј S€R»SЏS…RѕRј", S‡RµSЂRµR· RЅRёRЅS–S€RЅSЋ RўR°RISЂS–SЋ; R°R±Rѕ R¶ RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё S” RїRѕS‚RѕRјRyeR°RјRё S‚SѓSЂRyeS–RI-SЃRµR»SЊRgR¶SѓRyeS–RI S– RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё "RїS–RIRgRµRЅRЅRёRј S€R»SЏS…RѕRј" R· RђRЅR°S‚RѕR»S–S— / R°R±Rѕ RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё S†Rµ RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye RIRёRјS–S€R°RЅRЅSЏ RgRIRѕS… S…RIRёR»SЊ S‚SЋSЂRyeS–RI R· RїS–RIRgRЅSЏ – RѕSЃRјR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S– RїRµSЂRµRgRѕSЃRјR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–R· RЅR°R№SЃS‚R°SЂS€RѕSЋ, RїSЂRёR±SѓR»RѕSЋ R· RїS–RIRЅRѕS‡S–.

RЈ RњRѕR»RgRѕRIS– RЅR°R№S‡R°SЃS‚S–S€Rµ RїSЂRёS‚SЂRёRјSѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚RµRѕSЂS–S— RїRѕRiRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RµS‚RЅRѕSЃSѓ RIS–Rg RѕRiSѓR·S–RI, RyeRѕS‚SЂS– RјR°R»Rё RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rё S…SЂRёSЃS‚RёSЏRЅSЃS‚RIRѕ RI RGR†-RGR†R† SЃS‚. RIS–Rg SЂSѓSЃRёRЅS–RI, R° RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµSЃRµR»RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR° R‘R°R»RyeR°RЅRё.

RќR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ R‘RѕR»RiR°SЂS–S— RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅS–, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RЅRµ SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё RgRѕRјS–RЅSѓSЋS‡S–, RIRµSЂSЃS–S— RїSЂRѕ R±RѕR»RiR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ: RјRѕRIR»SЏRI, S†Rµ S‡RёSЃS‚S– R±RѕR»RiR°SЂRё, RyeRѕS‚SЂS– RїS–Rg RIRїR»RёRIRѕRј RѕSЃRјR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕS‚SѓSЂS‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ.

R§RѕRјSѓ RЅRµ RїRѕS‚SѓSЂS‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ S–RЅS€S– R±RѕR»RiR°SЂRё, S‰Rѕ R¶RёR»Rё R±S–R»SЏ RЅRёS…, R° RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїRѕSЂSѓS‡ R· RЅRёRјRё RїRµSЂRµS—S…R°R»Rё RI R‘SѓRgR¶R°Rye S– S‚R°Rј S‚R°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ SЂRѕR·RgS–R»SЊRЅRѕ R¶RёR»Rё, RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRёS‚Rё R±RѕR»RiR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRёRј RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS†SЏRј RIR°R¶S‡Rµ.

RџRѕRїSЂRё S†Rµ, SЏRye RIRёSЃRµR»RµRЅS†SЏRј R· R±RѕR»RiR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅRѕS— S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RiR°RiR°SѓR·R°Rј RgSѓR¶Rµ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ RgRѕRIRѕRgRёR»RѕSЃSЏ SЃRµR±Rµ RЅR°R·RёRIR°S‚Rё R±RѕR»RiR°SЂR°RјRё (RїSЂRёRјS–SЂRѕRј, RЅR° RљR°RIRyeR°R·S–), S– S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RЅR° S‚RµSЂRµRЅS– R‘SѓRgR¶R°RyeSѓ RIRѕRЅRё SЃS‚R°R»Rё SЃRµR±Rµ RIRёSЂR°R·RЅRѕ RIRёRѕRyeSЂRµRјR»SЋRIR°S‚Rё SЏRye RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI. R SѓRјSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRye RЎ. R“RµRѕSЂRiRµSЃRyeSѓ RIRёRIS–RI S‚RµRѕSЂS–SЋ RiSЂRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI; R·R° RЅRµSЋ RIRѕRЅRё RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё R· RњR°R»RѕS— RђR·S–S—, RgRµ RїRµSЂRµR№RЅSЏR»Rё S‚SѓSЂRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ, R·R±RµSЂS–RiS€Rё RiSЂRµS†SЊRyeSѓ Sѓ R±RѕRiRѕSЃR»SѓR¶S–RЅRЅSЏS….

R”Rѕ RјR°R»RѕRЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёS… S‚RµRѕSЂS–R№ RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ R„R¶Rё RGR°S‚R»R°SЃ S–RgRµS— RIRёR·RЅR°S‚Rё RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI R°R±Rѕ RЅR°S‰R°RgRyeR°RјRё RїSЂRѕS‚RѕR±RѕR»RiR°SЂ, R°R±Rѕ RјS–S€R°RЅRёRЅRѕSЋ RµS‚RЅRѕSЃS–RI, SЏRyeR° SЃRyeR»R°R»R°SЃSЏ RIR¶Rµ RI R”RѕR±SЂSѓRgR¶S– R· RIRѕR»RѕS…S–RI, RiSЂRµRyeS–RI, RIRµRЅRµS†S–R№S†S–RI S– RiRµRЅSѓRµR·S†S–RI, R° RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ S†S– S‚RµRѕSЂS–S— S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RIRёSЃSѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ.

 RўRµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ R”RѕR±SЂSѓRgR¶S–

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R’S–RyeS–RїRµRgS–SЏ

 

R RѕR·RgS–R» 2 RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SЂRѕR·SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ S– RIRyeRѕSЂS–RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI Sѓ R‘RµSЃSЃR°SЂR°R±S–S—, RIS–Rg RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeS–RI RїRµSЂS€RёS… RїRµSЂRµSЃRµR»RµRЅS†S–RI RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– XVIII – RїRѕS‡. RGR†RG SЃS‚. S– RgRѕ S‡R°SЃS–RI R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S— Sѓ SЃRyeR»R°RgS– RњRѕR»RgRѕRIRё.

RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R»RµRiRyeRёRј RgR»SЏ S†S–S”S— R»SЋRgRЅRѕSЃS‚S– – S‚SЂRµR±R° R±SѓR»Rѕ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ R¶RёS‚Rё RI R·RµRјR»SЏRЅRyeR°S…, RgRѕRIRiRѕ R№S‚Rё RgRѕ R·RµRјR»RµSЂRѕR±SЃS‚RIR°, RЅR°RgR°SЋS‡Rё RїRµSЂRµRIR°RiSѓ SЃRyeRѕS‚R°SЂSЃS‚RISѓ, RЅRµSЂS–RgRyeRѕ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RIRѕS”RЅ R· RўSѓSЂRµS‡S‡RёRЅRѕSЋ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RјSѓSЃRёR»R° RїRµSЂRµSЃRµR»SЏS‚RёSЃSЏ R·R° R»S–RЅS–SЋ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ RISЃR»S–Rg R·R° SЂRѕSЃS–SЏRЅR°RјRё S‚RѕS‰Rѕ.

RќR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂS–RI RIR¶Rµ RјRѕR¶RЅR° R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRIR°R¶R°S‚Rё R·R°RјRѕR¶RЅRёRјRё. RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ RGRG SЃS‚. RїS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-SЏRїRѕRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё S‚R° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— 1905 SЂ. RIS–RgR±SѓR»RѕSЃSЏ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR°RgRµRЅRЅRµ S– RїSЂRёRgSѓS€RµRЅRµ S†R°SЂR°S‚RѕRј RљRѕRјSЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRµ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, SЃRyeRµSЂRѕRIR°RЅRµ RЅR° RїRѕRgRѕR»R°RЅRЅSЏ RјR°R»RѕR·RµRјRµR»R»SЏ.

R’ R† SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIS–R№ RIS–R№RЅS– RЅR° R±RѕS†S– R RѕSЃS–S— RIRѕSЋRIR°R»Rѕ 15 S‚RёSЃ. RїSЂRёR·RIR°RЅRёS… RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI. RњS–R¶RIRѕS”RЅRЅRµ RgRIR°RgS†SЏS‚RёSЂS–S‡S‡SЏ RI R SѓRјSѓRЅS–S— RgR»SЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI RјRёRЅSѓR»Rѕ RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕ. RЇRye RїRёS€Rµ RGR°S‚R»R°SЃ, S–R· RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёS… RјRµRЅS€RёRЅ R‘RµSЃSЃR°SЂR°R±S–S— R»RёS€Rµ RЅS–RјS†S– S– RїRѕR»SЏRyeRё SЃRїSЂRёR№RЅSЏR»Rё SЂSѓRјSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїR°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕR·RёS‚RёRIRЅRѕ, SЂRµS€S‚R° – RЅRµRїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRѕ, RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°SЋS‡Rё R· RЅRµSЃRїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ SЂSѓRјSѓRЅS–R·R°S†S–S— S– R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡SѓSЋS‡Rё RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRёRјRё R±SѓRЅS‚R°RјRё.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїRѕRјS–S‡R°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ S– RїRµRIRЅS– RїRѕR·RёS‚RёRIRё – RЅR°RIS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ RјRѕR»RѕRgS– RI SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚R°S… R SѓRјSѓRЅS–S— S– RўSѓSЂRµS‡S‡RёRЅRё, RIRёRgR°RЅRЅSЏ RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ RI 1934 SЂ. RїSЂR°S†S– Rѕ. RњS–S…R°S—R»R° R§R°RyeS–SЂR° "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI R‘RµSЃSЃR°SЂR°R±S–S—", RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RЅSѓ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ SЂSѓRјSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј R°R»S„R°RIS–S‚RѕRј. RќR°Rg S†S–S”SЋ RyeRЅRёR¶RyeRѕSЋ R§R°RyeS–SЂ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI 40 SЂRѕRyeS–RI.

RџRµSЂS‚SѓSЂR±R°S†S–S—, RїRѕ’RISЏR·R°RЅS– S–R· R°RЅRµRyeSЃS–S”SЋ R‘RµSЃSЃR°SЂR°R±S–S— R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј RЎRѕSЋR·RѕRј, RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R SѓRјSѓRЅS–S— RI 1941 SЂ. S– RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRµ RїSЂRёS”RgRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RЎR RЎR  RїS–SЃR»SЏ R†R† SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё, SЏRye S– RgR»SЏ RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ S†S–S”S— S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RјRёRЅR°R»Rё S‚SЂR°RiS–S‡RЅRѕ.

RџSЂRёS‡RѕRјSѓ SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RїSЂRѕ SЂSѓRјSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃS–S— S– RµRyeR·RµRyeSѓS†S–S— RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RЅRѕ S‡RёRјR°R»Rѕ, S‚Rѕ RїSЂRѕ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RЅRµ RЅR°RgS‚Rѕ. RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ R¶ R·R°RјRѕRIS‡SѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RiRѕR»RѕRg 1946-1947 SЂSЂ., RyeRѕS‚SЂRёR№ R·R°R±SЂR°RI R±S–R»SЏ 10% R¶RёS‚RµR»S–RI R‘SѓRgR¶R°RyeSѓ; R»RёS€Rµ RI 2007 SЂ. RI RљRѕRјSЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїRµRgR°RiRѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕRјSѓ RyeRѕR»RµRgR¶S– R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRѕ RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–SЋ RЅR° S†SЋ S‚RµRјSѓ, SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeRё SЏRyeRѕS— R·RIRµSЂRЅSѓR»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ RIR»R°SЃS‚RµR№ R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S— RїSЂRѕ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚S‚SЏ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRyeR° R¶RµSЂS‚RIR°Rј RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ.

RќRµRIRµR»RёRyeRёR№ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRye RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRѕ RЅR° S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂS– Sѓ SЃRµR»S– R‘RµS€R°R»RјR°, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R±RѕRyeSѓ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅSѓ RЅR° S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂS– RI SЃ. R’RёRЅRѕRiSЂR°RgS–RIRyeR° (RљSѓSЂS‡Sѓ).

 RџR°RјSЏS‚RЅRёRye R¶RµSЂS‚RIR°Rј RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RI RўRѕRјR°S— RїRѕR±R»RёR·Sѓ R‘RµS€R°R»RјRё

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: Gagauzinfo.md

 

RљRѕR»RµRyeS‚RёRIS–R·R°S†S–SЏ S‚R° SЂRѕR·RyeSѓSЂRyeSѓR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRёR·RIRµR»Rё S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RgRѕ RIRёRIRµR·RµRЅRЅSЏ RI RЅS–S‡ RЅR° 6 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1949 SЂ. RIRiR»RёR± RЎR RЎR  R±S–R»SЏ 200 RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRёS… SЂRѕRgRёRЅ. RћRyeSЂRµRјS– SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё SЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RIS‚RµS‡RµSЋ RЅR° R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ.

RGSЂSѓS‰RѕRISЃSЊRyeR° RIS–RgR»RёRiR° SѓRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёR»R° RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕS‡R°SЃRѕRIRёR№, R· 1958 RїRѕ 1961 SЂ. RїSЂRµS†RµRgRµRЅS‚ RЅR°RIS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ 14,5 S‚RёSЃ. RgS–S‚RµR№ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ, RЅR° RѕSЃRЅRѕRIS– SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°R±RµS‚RyeRё. R•RyeSЃRїRµSЂRёRјRµRЅS‚ R±SѓRI RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRёR№ R·R° RЅRµRIRgR°R»RёR№, R° RIS–RgS‚R°Rye R· 1961 SЂ. RЅR°RIS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRµSЂRµRIRµRgRµRЅRѕ RЅR° SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeSѓ.

RўR°RyeRѕR¶ RїSЂRё RGSЂSѓS‰RѕRIS– RIS–RgRyeRёRЅSѓS‚Rѕ S–RgRµSЋ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ R±RѕR»RiR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕ-RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS— R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S— R· RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… SЂR°R№RѕRЅS–RI RЈR RЎR  S‚R° RњR RЎR  R·S– SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†RµSЋ RI R‘RѕR»RiSЂR°RgS– (S†SЋ S–RgRµSЋ RIRёSЃSѓRIR°RI, R·R° SЃR»RѕRIR°RјRё RGR°S‚R»R°SЃR°, "RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRёS… SЃRїRµS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI, S‰Rѕ R·R°R№RјR°R»RёSЃSЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·R°RјRё, R†.RњRµS€RµSЂSЋRye").

RќR° RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚ RiRѕSЂR±R°S‡RѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRgRѕRIRё RЅRµ RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»Rѕ R¶RѕRgRЅRѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё, R¶RѕRgRЅRѕS— SЂR°RgS–Rѕ S‡Rё S‚RµR»RµRїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјRё RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕSЋ. RџSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RI 1989 SЂ. 91,2% RјRѕR»RgR°RISЃSЊRyeRёS… RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»Rѕ SЂS–RgRЅRѕSЋ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ.

RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRµ RIS–RgSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RI R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S—, SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S— S‚R° RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёRЅRё R· RљRёS€RёRЅRµRIRѕRј S†Rµ S‰Rµ RѕRgRёRЅ R· RЅR°R№S†S–RyeR°RIS–S€RёS… RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚S–RI Sѓ RyeRЅRёR·S–. RђRIS‚RѕSЂ RgSѓR¶Rµ RgRµS‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°S”, SЏRye RјSѓSЃRёR»Rё RѕR±RµSЂRµR¶RЅRѕ RgS–SЏS‚Rё RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeRё RњRѕR»RgRѕRIRё, R°R±Rё RЅRµ RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёS‚Rё RїSЂRёRgRЅS–SЃS‚SЂRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃS†RµRЅR°SЂS–SЋ RI R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S—, S– SЏRye RјSѓSЃRёR»Rё R±R°R»R°RЅSЃSѓRIR°S‚Rё RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeS– R»S–RgRµSЂRё, R°R±Rё S—S… RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ (RЅR°SЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRµ RїSЂRѕRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ S– RїSЂRѕSЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ) RЅRµ R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡SѓRIR°R»Rѕ Sѓ RyeRѕR»R°R±RѕSЂR°S†S–S— R· RљRёS€RёRЅRµRIRѕRј, R° S‚RµR¶ RЅR°RјR°RiR°S‚RёSЃSЏ SЂRѕR·RIRёRIR°S‚Rё R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–SЋ SЂRёRЅRyeRѕRIRёRј S€R»SЏS…RѕRј.

R R°R·RѕRј R· S‚RёRј RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё SѓS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»Rё RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS– R·RI’SЏR·RyeRё R· RўRёSЂR°SЃRїRѕR»RµRј, R° S‚RµR¶ R· RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRёRјRё S– R±RѕR»RiR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏRјRё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, Sѓ SЏRyeS–R№ RIRѕRЅRё RIR±R°S‡R°R»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRiRѕ R·R°S…RёSЃRЅRёRyeR° S—S…RЅS–S… S–RЅS‚RµSЂRµSЃS–RI.

R”Rѕ SЃR»RѕRIR°, SЃR°RјR° RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeR° R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–SЏ, R“R°RiR°SѓR· R„SЂS– RЅRµ RјR°R»R° SЃS‚R°R»RѕS— S– S”RgRёRЅRѕS— RyeRѕRјRїR°RyeS‚RЅRѕS— S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S—: RЅR° RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚ S—S— SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ R°RIS‚RѕRјR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RgRѕ RЅRµS— SѓRIS–R№S€R»Rё RiSЂRѕRјR°RgRё, RgRµ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRµ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SЃRyeR»R°RgR°R»Rѕ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅRё, S‚R°Rј RgRµ S—S… RјRµRЅS€Rµ, RјR°RI RIRёSЂS–S€SѓRIR°S‚Rё RїR»RµR±S–SЃS†RёS‚.

RЈ SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚S– S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ SЃRyeR»R°RgR°R»R°SЃSЏ S–R· RgRIRѕS… R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… S€RјR°S‚RyeS–RI (RїS–RIRЅS–S‡RЅRёR№, SЃS‚RѕR»RёS‡RЅRёR№, R· RјS–SЃS‚R°RјRё RљRѕRјSЂR°S‚ S– R§R°RgRёSЂ-R›SѓRЅRiR°, S– RїS–RIRgRµRЅRЅRёR№, R· RјS–SЃS‚RѕRј R’SѓR»RyeR°RЅRµS€S‚Rё, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RgRIRѕS… RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… RiSЂRѕRјR°Rg Sѓ RјRѕR»RgR°RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S—).

R—RiRѕRgRѕRј RѕRgRЅR° R· RiSЂRѕRјR°Rg RIRёR№S€R»R° R· R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S—. R“R°RiR°SѓR· R„SЂS– RјRѕRIRѕSЋ S†RёS„SЂ S‚Rѕ S‚SЂRё RјS–SЃS‚R° S– 29 SЃS–R». R— 2003 SЂ. R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–SЋ R·R°S‚RIRµSЂRgR¶RµRЅRѕ RљRѕRЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–S”SЋ RњRѕR»RgRѕRIRё.

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: Accent TV

 

RњS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅS– R·RI’SЏR·RyeRё R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S— R·RIRѕRgSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕ RїSЂRёSЃR»S–RI’SЏ "S…RѕSЂRѕS€Rµ S‚RµR»SЏS‚RyeRѕ RgRIS– RјR°S‚RyeRё SЃSЃRµ": S†Rµ S– S‚SЋSЂRyeRѕRјRѕRIRЅS– RЅR°SЂRѕRgRё, SЏRye RўSѓSЂRµS‡S‡RёRЅR° (S‚R°Rј RIS‡RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ S‡RёRјR°R»Rѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgRёS… RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI Sѓ RIRёS€R°S…), RђR·RµSЂR±R°R№RgR¶R°RЅ, RўR°S‚R°SЂSЃS‚R°RЅ, SЏRye S– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅR° RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚R°S†S–SЏ RЅR° RљSЂRµRјR»SЊ S– RЅR° RїSЂRѕSЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS– SЃRёR»Rё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёRјRё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё RїRѕSЃS‚SЂR°S…S–RI R SѓRјSѓRЅS–S”SЋ S– S”RISЂRѕRїRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё R·RјS–RЅR°RјRё RЅR°R·R°RiR°R» SЃRїRѕRIS–R»SЊRЅSЋRIR°R»Rё RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRёR№ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RѕRye RyeSЂR°SЋ. RћRyeSЂRµRјRёR№ RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRѕRye S†Rµ R·RI’SЏR·RyeRё R· R‘RѕR»RiR°SЂS–S”SЋ.

RђRIS‚RѕSЂ RїRёS€Rµ RїSЂRѕ S„RµSЃS‚RёRIR°R»SЊ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRёR№ 2007 SЂ. RI SЃ. RљSѓR±RµR№ (R‘RѕR»RiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂ-RЅ), Sѓ SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ RIR·SЏR»Rё SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ SЏRye RyeRѕR»RµRyeS‚RёRIRё R· R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S—, S‚R°Rye S– R· RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRёS… SЃS–R» RћRgRµS‰RёRЅRё: RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ RљSѓR±RµSЏ (RgRѕ RgRµRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·R°S†S–S— R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕR°SЂRјS–R№SЃSЊRyeRµ, R¶RёRISѓS‚SЊ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R±RѕR»RiR°SЂRё), RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂS–RIRyeR°, R’RёRЅRѕRiSЂR°RgS–RIRyeR° S‚R° SЃ. RљRѕS‚R»RѕRIRёRЅR° (SЃS‚R°SЂR° RЅR°R·RIR° R‘RѕR»R±RѕRyeR°, R RµRЅS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂ-RЅ).

R RѕR·RgS–R» 3, RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅRёR№ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅS–R№ S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅS–R№ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂS– RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI, RјR°S” 10 SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј R·RIRѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕ RїRѕRyeR°R·R°RЅRЅSЏ SЂS–R·RЅRёS†SЊ RјS–R¶ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRѕSЋ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI S– S—S… RЅR°R№R±R»RёR¶S‡RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI – R±RѕR»RiR°SЂ.

R— S†S–RyeR°RIRѕRiRѕ RјRѕR¶RЅR° R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ R·S– R·R±R°RiR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRёS… SЂRѕRgS–RI RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂ RјSѓSЃRёRI R±SѓRgSѓRIR°S‚Rё RЅR° RѕR±S–R№SЃS‚S– RgRIS– S…R°S‚Rё – RѕRgRЅSѓ RyeSЂR°S‰Sѓ RїS–Rg RЅR°R·RIRѕSЋ "RµRI", "RgR»SЏ RiRѕSЃS‚RµR№", S– S–RЅS€Sѓ, "RyeSѓS…RЅSЋ", RgRµ R¶RёR»R° RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ SЂRѕRgRёRЅR°.

RЇRye S– RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–S—, RїSЂRё R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ S…R°S‚S– R·R°R»RёS€R°RISЃSЏ RјRµRЅS€RёR№ SЃRёRЅ. R‘R°RiR°S‚S€S– S…R°S‚Rё RgSѓR¶Rµ SЃS…RѕR¶S– RgRѕ R±RѕR»RiR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRёS…, R· RgRѕRIRiRѕSЋ RIRµSЂR°RЅRgRѕSЋ RїS–RgRїRµSЂS‚RѕSЋ RyeRѕR»RѕRЅR°RјRё SѓR·RgRѕRIR¶ S…R°S‚Rё.

 R“R°RiR°SѓR·Rё

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R†SЃR»R°Rј RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–

 

4-R№ SЂRѕR·RgS–R» RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅRѕ R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRёRј RIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЃS‚SЏRј RїSЂRѕ R“R°RiR°SѓR· R„SЂS–, R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S— RI SЃRyeR»R°RgS– RњRѕR»RgRѕRIRё. RћRyeSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃRyeR°R·R°RЅRѕ RIRёS‰Rµ, RјRѕR¶RЅR° RgR»SЏ S€RёSЂS€RѕRiRѕ SѓSЏRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRµS‚R°R»S–R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё RѕRyeSЂRµRјS– RgR°RЅS–. RђRIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–SЏ SЃRyeR»R°RgR°S” 1837,9 RyeRј, S†Rµ 5,4% RIS–Rg S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RњRѕR»RgRѕRIRё. RЎS‚RѕR»RёS†RµSЋ S” RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ RљRѕRјSЂR°S‚, R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIR°RЅRµ 1750 SЂ.

R“RѕR»RѕRIRѕSЋ R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S— S” R±R°S€RyeR°RЅ, S‰Rѕ RѕR±RёSЂR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRёRј RiRѕR»RѕSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏRј RЅR° 4 SЂRѕRyeRё. RўR°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ RЅR° 4 SЂRѕRyeRё RѕR±RёSЂR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚ RGR°R»Rye RўRѕRїR»SЋS€Sѓ, S‡RёSЃR»RѕRј RI 35 RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚S–RI.

RџSЂR°RїRѕSЂ R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S— RјR°S” S‚SЂRё SЃRјSѓRiRё: SЃRёRЅSЋ (R· S‚SЂSЊRѕRјR° R·S–SЂRyeR°RјRё), R±S–R»Sѓ S‚R° S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅSѓ RI RїSЂRѕRїRѕSЂS†S–SЏS… 3:1:1. R“RµSЂR± R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S— RЅR°RiR°RgSѓS” RiRµSЂR±Rё SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–Rye R·R° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‡R°SЃS–RI: SЃRЅRѕRїRё RyeRѕR»RѕSЃSЃSЏ RѕR±RIRёS‚S– SЃS‚SЂS–S‡RyeR°RјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°, RѕR±S–R№RјR°SЋS‚SЊ S‰RёS‚ S–R· SЃRѕRЅS†RµRј, S‰Rѕ SЃS…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ, RЅR°RiRѕSЂS– S‚SЂRё R·S–SЂRyeRё.

R“S–RјRЅ R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S— "RўR°SЂR°S„RёRј" (SѓRyeSЂ. "RњS–R№ RyeSЂR°R№") R±SѓRI RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RЅRёR№ RI 1995 SЂ., S– SЃR°RјRёRјRё RiR°RiR°SѓR·R°RјRё RјR°R»Rѕ R·RЅR°RЅRёR№, R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RIS–RgRѕRјR° RїS–SЃRЅSЏ RЅR° SЃR»RѕRIR° RїRѕRµS‚R° S– RїSѓR±R»S–S†RёSЃS‚R° R—R°RЅRµS‚R° RўRѕRgSѓSЂR° "RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RiS–RјRЅ R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S—" (1990).

RћS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёRјRё RјRѕRIR°RјRё S”, SЏRye RјRѕR¶RЅR° R·RgRѕRiR°RgR°S‚RёSЃSЏ, RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeR°, RјRѕR»RgR°RISЃSЊRyeR° S– SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°, RїSЂRѕ S‰Rѕ R„R¶Rё RGR°S‚R»R°SЃ RїRёS€Rµ S‚R°Rye: "RЈ RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕSЃS‚S–, RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RI RјS–SЃS‚R°S… R“R°RiR°SѓR· R„SЂS– RgRѕRјS–RЅSѓS” SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° RјRѕRIR°, R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ SЂS–RgS€Rµ RјRѕR¶RЅR° RїRѕS‡SѓS‚Rё RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeSѓ, S– S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё SЃRїRѕSЂR°RgRёS‡RЅRѕ RјRѕR»RgR°RISЃSЊRyeSѓ".

R“R°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeR° RјRѕRIR° RIR¶RёRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ Sѓ RgRIRѕS… RgS–R°R»RµRyeS‚R°S… – S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ, Sѓ RїS–RIRЅS–S‡RЅRѕRјSѓ R°RЅRyeR»R°RIS–, S– RїS–RIRgRµRЅRЅRѕRјSѓ, RI R°RЅRyeR»R°RIS– R±S–R»SЏ R’SѓR»RyeR°RЅRµS€S‚Rё. RџSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ, RЅR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅSѓ RIS–Rg SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— S– RјRѕR»RgR°RISЃSЊRyeRѕS—, RЅRµ SѓRyeR»R°RgR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ R¶RѕRgRЅS– RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅS– RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё.

RќR° RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚ RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RЅRЅSЏ RyeRЅRёRiRё R· 56 SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–S… S– RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRIRёS… S€RyeS–R» Sѓ R¶RѕRgRЅS–R№ RЅRµ RIRµR»RѕSЃSЏ RЅR°RIS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ. RќR° RљRѕRјSЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚S– ("SЃRїRµSЂS€Sѓ S†RµR№ RIRёS€ RЅR°RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI SЂR°RgS€Rµ R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅSѓ RiS–RјRЅR°R·S–SЋ", RїRёS€Rµ RGR°S‚R»R°SЃ) RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeR°S… RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕSЋ S– R±RѕR»RiR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ RЅR° 2008 SЂ. RISЃRµ RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR° 4 S„R°RyeSѓR»SЊS‚RµS‚R°S… R·RIRµRgRµRЅRѕ RgRѕ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS—, S…RѕS‡ S‡RёSЃR»Rѕ SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ RIRёSЂRѕSЃR»Rѕ – RgRѕ 2,6 S‚RёSЃ. RѕSЃS–R±, RI S‚RѕRјSѓ S‡RёSЃR»S– R· RўSѓSЂRµS‡S‡RёRЅRё.

 RџSЂR°RїRѕSЂ R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S—

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R—R°RyeR°SЂRїR°S‚S‚SЏ RѕRЅR»R°R№RЅ

 

RћRyeSЂS–Rј RgR°RЅRёS… R·S– SЃS„RµSЂRё RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё, RѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅRё R·RgRѕSЂRѕRI’SЏ S‚R° RѕSЃRIS–S‚Rё, S†S–RyeR°RIRёRјRё S” RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅS– RѕS†S–RЅRyeRё R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S—, S…RѕS‡ RїSЂRѕ RЅRёS… R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RїRёS€Rµ SЏRye RїSЂRѕ "RЅR°R№RјRµRЅS€ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅS– RgS–R»SЏRЅRyeRё S„SѓRЅRyeS†S–RѕRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R“R°RiR°SѓR· R„SЂS–".

RќR° 2001 SЂ. RїSЂRѕRјRёSЃR»RѕRIS–SЃS‚SЊ R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S— RIRёRЅRѕSЃRёR»R° 2,3% RIS–Rg R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјRѕR»RgR°RISЃSЊRyeRѕS—. RћSЃRЅRѕRIRѕSЋ RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂS‡RѕS— RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– S” RIRёRЅRѕSЂRѕR±SЃS‚RIRѕ (RЅR° 2001 SЂ. RµRyeSЃRїRѕSЂS‚ RIRёRЅR° RїSЂRёRЅS–SЃ 54% RgRѕS…RѕRgSѓ, R·RµSЂRЅR° 22,5%). R’ R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S— S–SЃRЅSѓS” RЅR° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·R°SЃR°RgR°S… S”RgRёRЅRёR№ Sѓ RњRѕR»RgRѕRIS– RyeRѕR»RiRѕSЃRї, Sѓ SЃ. RљRёRїS‡R°Rye, S‡RёRјR°R»Rѕ RyeRѕR»RiRѕSЃRїS–RI RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ R·RјS–RЅRёR»Rѕ S‚RёRї RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR° R°RyeS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂRЅRёR№.

R RѕR·RgS–R» 5, RЅR°R·RIR° SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ Sѓ S‚RµRѕSЂS–S— R·RISѓS‡RёS‚SЊ RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕ (RgRёRI. RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S– – R .Rљ.), RЅR° RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS†S– SЏRIR»SЏS” SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRµ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅR° R±R°R·S– SЃ. RљS–SЂSЃRѕRIRѕ RЅR° RїS–RIRgRµRЅSЊ RIS–Rg RљRѕRјSЂR°S‚Sѓ.

R¦SЏ RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ RIRµR»RёRyeR° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR° SЃRyeR»R°RgR°R»R°SЃSЏ RgRѕRIRiRёR№ S‡R°SЃ R· RgRIRѕS… S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅ – R±RѕR»RiR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S– RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS—, R· RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёRјRё S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂSЏRјRё S– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RyeRѕR»RiRѕSЃRїR°RјRё.

RћSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRј RIRёSЃRЅRѕRIRyeRѕRј SЂRѕR·RgS–R»Sѓ S” SЃS‚RёSЂR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚RѕS‚RѕR¶RЅS–SЃRЅRёS… RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅS–RI, RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RѕR±RѕS… RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЏS‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ, RЅR° RїSЂRѕS‚RёRIR°RiSѓ RgRѕ SЃSѓSЃS–RgRЅSЊRѕS— R‘RµS€R°R»RјRё, RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS— S– RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅRѕ S– RјRѕRIRЅRѕ.

RћRyeSЂS–Rј RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS… SЂRѕR·RgS–R»S–RI, Sѓ RyeRЅRёR·S– RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS” R—R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ (SЏRye RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅS– RIRёSЃRЅRѕRIRyeRё – R .Rљ.), RgRѕRgR°S‚RyeRё S–R· RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёRјRё RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚R°RјRё, R±S–RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S‡RЅRёR№ RgRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRye RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RIS–RgRѕRјRёS… RgS–SЏS‡S–RI RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё S– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё, R°RЅRiR»RѕRјRѕRIRЅR° R°RЅRѕS‚R°S†S–SЏ S‚R° SЃRїRёSЃRѕRye R±S–R±R»S–RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— S‚R° RgR¶RµSЂRµR».

R„R¶Rё RGR°S‚R»R°SЃ SЃS…RёR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, R°R±Rё S‚R°RyeRё RIRIR°R¶R°S‚Rё RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI RњRѕR»RgRѕRIRё S‚R° RїSЂRёR»RµRiR»RёS… RgRѕ RЅRёS… RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI RћRgRµS‰RёRЅRё R·R° RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg, RѕSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RIRѕRЅRё S‚R°RyeRёRј SЃRµR±Rµ SЏRye RјS–RЅS–RјSѓRј SѓSЏRIR»SЏSЋS‚SЊ S– RїRѕS‡SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ.

RџSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg RљS–SЂSЃRѕRIR° S‚R° S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RI R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S— S–RЅS€RёS… RјRµRЅS€RёRЅ (RI S‚RѕRјSѓ S‡RёSЃR»S– RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– 170 RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№) RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓS”, S‰Rѕ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIRѕ R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S— SЂRѕR·RIRёRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ Sѓ RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRyeSѓ SЃS‚RёSЂR°RЅRЅSЏ RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅRёS… SЂS–R·RЅRёS†SЊ, S– S‚SѓS‚ RgR»SЏ R№RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅSЃRѕR»S–RgR°S†S–S— RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅR° RIRѕR»SЏ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR° RI RљRѕRјSЂR°S‚S–, SЏRyeRµ SЂR°RgS€Rµ RЅRµ SЃS…RёR»SЊRЅRµ RgRѕ RЅRµRїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅRёS… R°R»Rµ RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRёS… SЂS–S€RµRЅSЊ, S…RѕS‡ R±Rё Sѓ SЃS„RµSЂS– R·R±RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕRIRё.

R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RI S‡RѕRјSѓ R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–SЏ S” R·R°RyeSЂRёS‚RѕSЋ RgRѕ R·RѕRIRЅS–S€RЅS–S… RIRїR»RёRIS–RI S– R·RI’SЏR·RyeS–RI. RЎR°RјRѕRiRѕ RGR°S‚R»R°SЃR° R·R°S‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё RI 2006 SЂ. RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RIRёR±RѕSЂS–RI R±R°S€RyeR°RЅR° R“R°RiR°SѓR·S–S—, RyeRѕR»Rё RIS–RЅ RїSЂRёS—S…R°RI RIS–RgRIS–RgR°S‚Rё RјSѓR·RµR№ RiR°RiR°SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё Sѓ SЃ. R‘RµS€R°R»RјR°, - RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI R„RЎ SЃRїSЂRёR№RјR°R»RёSЃSЏ SЏRye RµRјS–SЃR°SЂRё, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRёS—S…R°R»Rё RgRёRyeS‚SѓRIR°S‚Rё SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚ RIRёR±RѕSЂS–RI.

RџSЂRѕSЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RiR°RiR°SѓR·S–RI R±SѓR»R° SЂRѕRyeR°RјRё R±SѓRgRѕRIR°RЅR° RЅR° R°RЅS‚RёSЂSѓRјSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃS‚SЂR°S…Sѓ, S‰Rѕ RgRѕR·RIRѕR»SЏR»Rѕ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeR°Rј R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S— RјR°RЅS–RїSѓR»SЋRIR°S‚Rё RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј, R·R°R»RёS€R°SЋS‡Rё SЃS‚R°S‚SѓSЃ RyeRIRѕ, R° RїRµSЂRµRgSѓSЃS–Rј S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃRѕRIS– RїRѕS‚RѕRyeRё S‚R° RЅRµRIRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRѕRiRѕ S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂSѓ SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRЅRyeRё S–R· RџSЂRёRgRЅS–SЃS‚SЂRѕRI’SЏRј S‚R° RњRѕSЃRyeRIRѕSЋ.

RћSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RјRѕR»RgR°RISЃSЊRyeS– RiR°RiR°SѓR·Rё RјR°SЋS‚SЊ S‚S–SЃRЅS– RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚Rё R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё, R° S‚RµR»RµR±R°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ R· RљRѕRјSЂR°S‚Sѓ, SЏRyeRµ S‚SЂR°RЅSЃR»SЋS” SЏRye RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёR№ RyeR°RЅR°R», S‚R°Rye S– SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS–, S‚RµR¶ RјRѕR¶RЅR° R·R»RѕRIRёS‚Rё S– RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, RїSЂRѕSЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRµ RiRµS‚S‚Rѕ S†S–S”S— RјRµRЅS€RёRЅRё, Sѓ SЏRyeRµ RIRѕRЅR° SЃR°RјR° SЃRµR±Rµ R·R°RїSЂRѕRIR°RgRёR»R°, S” RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјRѕSЋ RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ RgR»SЏ S”RISЂRѕS–RЅS‚RµRiSЂR°S†S–S— RњRѕR»RgRѕRIRё, R° R№ RgR»SЏ SЂRµS„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RiSЂRѕRјR°Rg Sѓ RїS–RIRgRµRЅRЅS–R№ RћRgRµS‰RёRЅS–.

RќR°SЂR°R·S– R¶, RјRѕR¶RµRјRѕ R»RёS€ SЂRѕR·RIRѕRgRёS‚Rё SЂSѓRyeR°RјRё, S‡RёS‚R°SЋS‡Rё RЅRѕRIRёRЅRё, S‰Rѕ RI R‘RѕR»RiSЂR°RgS– RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°R»Rё SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S— "R”SѓRЅR°R№" – RЅR°RїR°RgSѓ 5 RyeSЂR°S—RЅ R’R°SЂS€R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂSѓ RЅR° R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅSѓ RI 1968 SЂ., S– RїRёS‚R°S‚Rё SЃRµR±Rµ, S‡Rё R¶ S†Rµ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ RyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ.

RЇRye RIRёRiR»SЏRgR°S” R±SѓRЅRyeRµSЂ RЅR° RIRёRїR°RgRѕRye SЏRgRµSЂRЅRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё RїS–Rg RGRµSЂSЃRѕRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RћR”Rђ

R¦Rµ RЅR° RISЃS–S… RїSЂR°S†S–RIRЅRёRyeS–RI RѕR±RyeRѕRјSѓ SЂRѕR·SЂR°S…RѕRISѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ? vЂ” RќS–, RЅRµ RЅR° RISЃS–S…, Sѓ SЂR°R·S– SѓRgR°SЂSѓ SЂSЏS‚SѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ. R’RѕRЅRё SЃRїSѓSЃRyeR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RI R±SѓRЅRyeRµSЂ, R° SЂRµS€S‚R° RiRёRЅSѓS‚SЊ.

RђR№S€Rµ RЎRµS–S‚RјSѓSЂR°S‚RѕRIR°. R”RµRїRѕSЂS‚RѕRIR°RЅR° R· RљSЂRёRјSѓ, R·R°SЃSѓRgR¶RµRЅR°, RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕR¶RµRЅR°

R’RѕRЅR° vЂ“ RѕRgRЅR° R· SЃRёRјRIRѕR»S–RI RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ, S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye, R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RyeR°. R—R° SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ SЂSѓSЃS– RyeRёSЂRёRјR»Rё R±SѓR»R° RgRIS–S‡S– R·R°SЃSѓRgR¶RµRЅR°. RџS–Rg R·R°RiSЂRѕR·RѕSЋ S‚SЂRµS‚SЊRѕRiRѕ R°SЂRµS€S‚Sѓ RIRёS—S…R°R»R° R· R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ, R°R»Rµ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё R·R° SЃRIS–R№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg RЅRµ RїSЂRёRїRёRЅRёR»R°. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ SЂRѕRyeS–RI R±SѓR»R° R±SѓR»R° RiRѕR»RѕSЃRѕRј RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚RѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ, RїSЂR°S†SЋSЋS‡Rё RЅR° "RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RёS… SЂR°RgS–RѕR»RѕRiRѕSЃR°S…" (SЂRѕSЃ).

R“RѕRgRёRЅR° RїR°RїSѓRiRё. V«R—RѕR»RѕS‚RёR№ RIRµSЂRµSЃRµRЅSЊV»

V«RћSЃSЊ RgRIR° RїS–SЃS‚RѕR»RµS‚Rё. RљRѕR»Rё SѓRIS–SЂRISѓS‚SЊSЃSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– R±R°RЅRgRёS‚Rё, S‚Rё R·R°SЃS‚SЂRµR»RёS€ RgS–S‚RµR№, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј R·R°SЃS‚SЂRµR»RёS€SЃSЏ SЃR°RјR°! RџR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚R°R№: Sѓ S‚RµR±Rµ RјR°SЋS‚SЊ R»RёS€RёS‚RёSЃSЏ S‚SЂRё RЅR°R±RѕS—!V» vЂ” RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЋ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRISѓ R±R°S‚SЊRyeR° S– RјR°RјRё SЃRµRјRёSЂS–S‡RЅRёR№ RђRgR°Rј RїS–RgSЃR»SѓS…R°RI RIRёRїR°RgRyeRѕRIRѕ.

R”RIR° SЂSѓRyeRѕSЃS‚RёSЃRyeR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ R“SЂSѓS€RµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. RњRѕSЏ R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡ R· RќR°RgS–S”SЋ RЎSѓSЂRѕRIS†RѕRIRѕSЋ

V«R—RЅR°S”S‚Rµ, Sѓ RЅR°SЃ RјRµS€RyeR°S” RѕRgRЅR° R¶S–RЅRyeR°vЂ¦ R’RѕRЅR° RјRѕR¶Rµ RIR°Rј RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiS‚RёvЂ¦ R’RѕRЅR° R·RЅR°S” RISЃRµvЂ¦ RЇRyeS‰Rѕ RIRё RЅRµ R±RѕS—S‚RµSЃSЏvЂ¦V» RЇ RgRѕ SЃRёS… RїS–SЂ RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚R°SЋ SЃRIRѕS” S‰RёSЂRµ R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ. R§RѕRiRѕ R± SЏ RјR°R»R° R±RѕSЏS‚RёSЃSЏ?!"