RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

RЇRye RIR±RёR»Rё R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ. R RѕR·SЃR»S–RgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R· R“R°SЂRIR°SЂRgR°

RЈ RѕRgRЅS–R№ S–R· SЂRѕR·SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‡RµRЅRёS… R¦R RЈ S‚RµS‡RµRye, SЏRyeR° RјR°R»R° SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRЅRѕRye RgRѕ SЂRѕR·SЃR»S–RgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RљRµRЅRЅRµRgS–, R·RЅR°R№S€R»R°SЃSЏ RїRѕRyeSЂRµSЃR»RµRЅR° R°RiRµRЅS‚R°RјRё RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–SЏ R· RiR°RјR±SѓSЂR·SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»Sѓ "RЁS‚RµSЂRЅ" RїSЂRѕ SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. R§Rё RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°R»Rѕ S†Rµ, S‰Rѕ R¦R RЈ R±R°S‡RёR»Rѕ SЏRyeS–SЃSЊ RїR°SЂR°R»RµR»S– RјS–R¶ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIRѕRј R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё S– RљRµRЅRЅRµRgS–?

R©Rѕ S‡RёS‚R°S”RјRѕ? RљRЅRёRiR° RЎRµSЂRiS–SЏ RџR»RѕS…S–SЏ "RџRѕ S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕRјSѓ SЃR»S–RgSѓ. RЈR±RёRISЃS‚RIRѕ Sѓ RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–" - RGR°SЂRyeS–RI, "RљR»SѓR± SЃS–RјRµR№RЅRѕRiRѕ RgRѕR·RIS–R»R»SЏ", 2017

4 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 2017 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅSѓ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ, RIR±RёRIS†S– RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё RјR°R»Rѕ R± RIRёRїRѕRIRЅRёS‚RёSЃSЏ 86 SЂRѕRyeS–RI. RђR±Rѕ RIRёRїRѕRIRЅRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ: RIS–RЅ RјRѕR¶Rµ R±SѓS‚Rё RgRѕSЃS– R¶RёRIRёR№.

R§R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° SЃRµR»SЏRЅ R‘RѕSЂS‰RѕRIRёS‡S–RI RIS–SЂRёS‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRёRЅR°R№RјRЅS– RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R· RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕRIRµSЂS‚R°RISЃSЏ Sѓ SЂS–RgRЅRµ SЃRµR»Rѕ RЅR° R›SЊRIS–RIS‰RёRЅS–. R”RµS…S‚Rѕ SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓS”, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ S– RgRѕSЃS– RїSЂRёS—R·RgRёS‚SЊ RїRѕRgRёRIRёS‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR° SЂS–RgRЅSѓ S…R°S‚Sѓ S‚R° RјRѕRiRёR»Rё R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RI.

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ RџR»RѕS…S–R№ SЃRїSЂRѕR±SѓRIR°RI SЂRµRyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓSЋRIR°S‚Rё RgRѕR»SЋ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S–R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RIS–RgRѕRјRёS… SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeS–R»R»RµSЂS–RI.

R¦SЏ RyeRЅRёR¶RyeR° RїSЂRёSЂRµS‡RµRЅR° SЃS‚R°S‚Rё R±RµSЃS‚SЃRµR»RµSЂRѕRј. RђRgR¶Rµ RIRѕRЅR° SЃRїRѕRgRѕR±R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S– S‚RёRј, S…S‚Rѕ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ S€R°RЅSѓS”, S– S‚RёRј, S…S‚Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RЅRµRЅR°RIRёRgRёS‚SЊ. R¦S– RgSЂSѓRiS– – R±Rѕ RјR°S‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ RµR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ SЃR°S‚RёSЃS„R°RyeS†S–S—: Sѓ RyeRЅRёR¶S†S– RѕR±’S”RyeS‚ S—S… R°RЅS‚RёRїR°S‚S–R№ R·RЅRёS‰SѓSЋS‚SЊ.  R”R»SЏ S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ RIRIR°R¶R°S” R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ RiRµSЂRѕS”Rј, – S†Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRµ SЂRѕR·SЃR»S–RgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ SѓSЃS–S… RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅ S– RIRµSЂSЃS–R№ R№RѕRiRѕ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR°.

RќR° SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeR°S… RyeRЅRёR¶RyeRё R·’SЏRIR»SЏSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RiRµS‚SЊ RЅRµSЃRїRѕRgS–RIR°RЅS– RgRµS‚R°R»S–. RЈ RѕRgRЅS–R№ S–R· SЂRѕR·SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‡RµRЅRёS… R¦R RЈ S‚RµS‡RµRye, SЏRyeR° RјR°R»R°  SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRЅRѕRye RgRѕ SЂRѕR·SЃR»S–RgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RљRµRЅRЅRµRgS–, R·RЅR°R№S€R»R°SЃSЏ RїRѕRyeSЂRµSЃR»RµRЅR° R°RiRµRЅS‚R°RјRё RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–SЏ R· RiR°RјR±SѓSЂR·SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»Sѓ "RЁS‚RµSЂRЅ" RїSЂRѕ SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ.

R§Rё RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°R»Rѕ S†Rµ, S‰Rѕ R¦R RЈ R±R°S‡RёR»Rѕ SЏRyeS–SЃSЊ RїR°SЂR°R»RµR»S– RјS–R¶ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIRѕRј R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё S– RљRµRЅRЅRµRgS–? R§Rё RIR±R°S‡R°R»Rё Sѓ RgR°R»R»R°SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIS– RyeR°RgRµR±S–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeSѓ S‚S–RЅSЊ RјSЋRЅS…RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ?

R¦Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ S–RgRµR°R»SЊRЅRµ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIRѕ. RќS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёRј SЃR»S–RgS‡RёRј R»RёS€R°R»RѕSЃSЏ RїS–RgRѕR·SЂSЋRIR°S‚Rё SѓSЃS–S…. RђR»Rµ RIRёSЃSѓRЅSѓS‚Rё R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕRјSѓSЃSЊ RyeRѕRЅRyeSЂRµS‚RЅRѕ RIRѕRЅRё RЅRµ RјRѕRiR»Rё. RќRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЏSЃRЅRѕ , RI SЏRyeRёR№ SЃRїRѕSЃS–R± S†S–R°RЅS–Rg RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёRI RgRѕ  S€R»SѓRЅRyeSѓ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё.

R”RµS…S‚Rѕ RїS–RgRѕR·SЂSЋRIR°RI RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ SЃR°RјRѕRiSѓR±SЃS‚RIRѕ RЅR° S‚R»S– SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRёS… SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRЅRyeS–RI RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeR° S–R· RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЋ RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRѕSЋ.

RЈ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– R›RµRIR° R RµR±RµS‚R°, SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕS‚SЂSѓS—RI RgRIRѕRјR° SЂRѕRyeR°RјRё SЂR°RЅS–S€Rµ, RIRµSЂSЃS–SЏ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR° RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ  RЅRµ SЂRѕR·RiR»SЏRgR°R»R°SЃSЏ. R›S–RyeR°SЂS– S– SЃR»S–RgS‡S– RЅRµ RїRѕR±R°S‡RёR»Rё RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RїS–RgRѕR·SЂS–R»RѕRiRѕ Sѓ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSѓR±R»S–S†RёSЃS‚R°.

RЇRyeR±Rё RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЃR°Rј RЅRµ R·RgR°RISЃSЏ S„RµRgRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅS–R№ RIR»R°RgS– – SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚Rё SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R± S‚R°Rye S– R·R°R»RёS€R°R»RёSЃSЏ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°RјRё. RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RgRѕ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RЅRµ RјRѕR¶Rµ SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕ, SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… SЃRIRѕS—S… RIRѕSЂRѕRiS–RI RЎR RЎR  R·RЅRёS‰RёRI R±RµR· R¶RѕRgRЅRёS… SЃR»S–RgS–RI R·RѕRIRЅS–S€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RIS‚SЂSѓS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ  – S‚S–S”SЋ R¶, R°R±Rѕ RїRѕRgS–R±RЅRѕSЋ R·R±SЂRѕS”SЋ, SЏRye R RµR±RµS‚R° S‡Rё R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ.

R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–RgS‚RIRѕSЂSЋS” RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅRё RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR° R RµR±RµS‚R° RgR»SЏ SЃR»S–RgS‡RѕRiRѕ RµRyeSЃRїRµSЂRёRјRµRЅS‚Sѓ. RЈ R·RiRѕSЂRЅSѓS‚S–R№ RiR°R·RµS‚S– R±SѓR»R° RїSЂRёS…RѕRIR°RЅR° S‚R°S”RјRЅR° R·R±SЂRѕSЏ. R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R· R°SЂS…S–RISѓ RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S†S–S—, RIRµSЂRµSЃRµRЅSЊ 1962 SЂRѕRyeSѓ  

R¦SЏ RyeRЅRёR¶RyeR° RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°S” RЅR° RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, S‡RѕRјSѓ RI SѓRјRѕRIR°S… RЅRѕRIRѕS— RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё, SЏRyeSѓ SЂRѕR·RI’SЏR·R°RI RџSѓS‚S–RЅ, RљSЂRµRјR»SЊ RЅRµ RїRѕSЃRїS–S€R°S” SЂRѕR·SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‡SѓRIR°S‚Rё S‚R°S”RјRЅS– R°SЂS…S–RIRё SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±.

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ RџR»RѕS…S–R№ R·RiR°RgSѓS” SЃRїSЂRѕR±Sѓ RѕS‚SЂSѓS”RЅRЅSЏ SЂR°RgS–RѕR°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRёRј S‚R°R»S–S”Rј  R°RiRµRЅS‚R°-RїRµSЂRµR±S–R¶S‡RёRyeR° RќS–RyeRѕR»R°SЏ RGRѕS…R»RѕRIR°, R° RI RїR°Rј’SЏS‚S– R·’SЏRIR»SЏSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅRёR№ R·R°RјR°S… RЅR° RђR»S”RyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂR° R›RёS‚RIRёRЅRµRЅRyeR° RI R›RѕRЅRgRѕRЅS– R°R±Rѕ, RЅR° S‰R°SЃS‚SЏ, RјRµRЅS€ SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅRµ – RgS–RѕRyeSЃRёRЅRѕRј RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂR° R®S‰RµRЅRyeR°.

RњRµS‚RѕRgRё RљR“R‘ RgRѕSЃS– RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓS” R¤RЎR‘. RЈR±RёRISЃS‚RIRѕ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё RјR°S” RЅR°RgS‚Rѕ RgRѕRIRiSѓ S‚S–RЅSЊ. 

 R§R?RўRђR™RўR• RўRђRљRћR–:

"RЇ RїSЂRёR№RјR°SЋ RIRёSЂRѕRye SЃRјRµSЂS‚S–". RЇRye RљR“R‘ RIR±RёRI RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ

R§RёS‚R°SЋS‡Rё S†SЋ RyeRЅRёR¶RyeSѓ SЂR°R·-RїRѕ-SЂR°R· RЅR°S€S‚RѕRIS…SѓS”S€SЃSЏ RЅR° RїRѕRgS–R±RЅS– "RISѓS…R°" RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±, S‰Rѕ SЃS‚RёSЂS‡R°S‚SЊ S‚R°Rј S– S‚SѓS‚, S‚RѕRgS– S– S‚RµRїRµSЂ.

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ RџR»RѕS…S–R№ RЅR°RIRѕRgRёS‚SЊ RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg SЏRye RљR“R‘ RIRgR°RIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RgRѕ SЂS–R·RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRgSѓ SЃRїRµS†RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–R№. RќR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, S‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rѕ R· R¤R Rќ – RѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRye R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚RёR·RјSѓ.

R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– R°RiRµRЅS‚Rё RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– 1950-S… SЃRїR»SЋRЅRgSЂSѓRIR°R»Rё RјRѕRiRёR»Rё RЅR° S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂS– RI RѕRgRЅS–R№ S–R· RїSЂRѕRIS–RЅS†S–R№.  R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… SЃRµR»SЏRЅ R· RѕRyeRѕR»RёS†SЊ R·R°SЃSѓRgRёR»Rѕ RIR°RЅRgR°R»S–R·Rј, R°R»Rµ R·RЅR°R№S€R»RёSЃSЏ RјRѕR»RѕRgRёRyeRё, SЏRyeRёS… S†S– "R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅS– R·R°S…RѕRgRё" RљR“R‘ RїS–RgS€S‚RѕRIS…RЅSѓR»Rё RgRѕ S…SѓR»S–RiR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃR°RјRѕRgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RќR°RgS‚Rѕ RЅR°RiR°RgSѓS” SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS–S€RЅS– SЂRµR°R»S–S— R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RјRѕRiRёR» RI RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–, R° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… – RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, S‡Rё RЅRµ S‚R°Rye?! R—RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, S…S‚RѕSЃSЊ Sѓ R¤RЎR‘ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RїRµSЂRµS‡RёS‚R°RI SЃS‚R°SЂS– R°SЂS…S–RIRё RљR“R‘.

RЎS‚R°SЂRёR№ RgRѕSЃRIS–Rg RgRµR·S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S—, SЏRyeRёR№ RљR“R‘ RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR»S–S‚S‚SЏRјRё RЅR°RїSЂR°S†SЊRѕRISѓRIR°RI RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё, S‚RµRїRµSЂ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓSЋS‚SЊ Sѓ RIS–R№RЅS– RiS–R±SЂRёRgRЅS–R№. RќS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RљSЂRµRјR»SЊ RЅRµ RIRёRiR°RgR°RI – Sѓ R¤RЎR‘ R·RgSѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ RїRёR» S–R· SЃS‚R°SЂRёS… S‚RµS‡RµRye S– RјRµS‚RѕRgRёS‡RµRye. R† RgS–SЋS‚SЊ.

R§R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RyeRЅRёR¶RyeRё RџR»RѕS…S–SЏ RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅR° SЃR°RјRµ S‚R°RyeRёRј SЃRїRµS†RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏRј, SЏRyeS– SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё R·RgS–R№SЃRЅRёR»Rё, S‰RѕR± RgRµR·R°RISѓSЋRIR°S‚Rё SЃRIRѕSЋ RїSЂRёS‡RµS‚RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RIR±RёRISЃS‚RI Sѓ R—R°S…S–RgRЅS–R№ R„RISЂRѕRїS–. RЇRye S‚RѕRgS–, S‚R°Rye S– S‚RµRїRµSЂ R·R°S…S–RgRЅRёR№ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјRїSЂRѕSЃS‚S–SЂ "R·R°R»RёRIR°R»Rё" RIS–RgRIRµSЂS‚RѕSЋ R±SЂRµS…RЅRµSЋ, "RyeR°S‡RyeR°RјRё", S„R°R»SЊS€RёRIRёRјRё RIRµSЂSЃS–SЏRјRё, S‰Rѕ SЃSѓRїRµSЂRµS‡R°S‚SЊ RѕRgRЅR° S–RЅS€S–R№.

"R§RµRyeS–SЃS‚Rё RїRѕS€RёSЂRёR»Rё 3 RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅRё 221 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡Sѓ R»RёSЃS‚S–RIRѕRye, RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiR»Rё RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°S‚Rё 126 RyeRЅRёR¶RѕRye S– R±SЂRѕS€SѓSЂ, S‚R° 3097 RiR°R·RµS‚RЅRёS… SЃS‚R°S‚RµR№, SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅRёS… RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё RЎRїRѕR»SѓS‡RµRЅRёS… RЁS‚R°S‚S–RI S‚R° S—S…RЅS–S… SЃRѕSЋR·RЅRёRyeS–RI. R—R° S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RљR“R‘ R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»Rѕ 15 RiR°R·RµS‚ S– R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–RI", - RїRёS€Rµ RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ RџR»RѕS…S–R№.

RЈ RIRёRїR°RgRyeSѓ S–R· RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIRѕRј RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЏ R·R°RїSѓSЃS‚RёS‚Rё RIRµSЂSЃS–SЋ, S‰Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RIR±RёR»Rё, R±Rѕ RIS–RЅ RїRµSЂRµR№S€RѕRI RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ R±SѓRЅRgRµSЃRјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂSѓ RўRµRѕRgRѕSЂSѓ RћR±RµSЂR»RµRЅRgRµSЂSѓ. RќS–R±RёS‚Rѕ S‚RѕR№ R±RѕSЏRISЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R»S–RgRµSЂ RјRѕR¶Rµ SЃRIS–RgS‡RёS‚Rё RЅR° SЃSѓRgS– RїSЂRѕ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RћR±RµSЂR»RµRЅRgRµSЂR° Sѓ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјR°S… S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ-R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1941 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

 R§R?RўRђR™RўR• RўRђRљRћR–:

R›SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRј 1941-RiRѕ: RќS–RјS†S–, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚Rё S– RyeR°SЂRЅR°RIR°R»SЊRЅR° SЋSЂR±R°


RЎR»S–RgR°RјRё "R›SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјSѓ" R”R¶RѕRЅR°-RџRѕR»R° RGRёRјRyeRё

R—R°SЂR°RgRё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RЅR° SЃRIS–S‚ R±RѕR¶RёR№ RIRёS‚SЏRiRЅSѓR»Rё RЎS‚RµS„R°RЅR° R›S–RїRѕR»SЊS†R°, S–S‰Rµ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµR±S–R¶S‡RёRyeR° (RIR¶Rµ S–R· R·R°S…RѕRgSѓ – RЅR° SЃS…S–Rg). RЈ RЎS…S–RgRЅRѕRјSѓ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅS– SЃRyeR»RёRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ RїSЂRµSЃ-RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–SЋ, RЅR° SЏRyeS–R№ R›S–RїRѕR»SЊS† SЃRїSЂRѕR±SѓRIR°RI RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°S‚Rё Sѓ RiRµS‚SЊ RIS–RgRјS–RЅRЅS–R№ RIS–Rg RIRµSЂSЃS–S— RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ.  

R›S–RїRѕR»SЊS† RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ RЅR° R’RѕR»RёRЅS–, Sѓ SЂRѕRgRёRЅS– RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕR»RѕRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI. RџS–SЃR»SЏ R°RЅRµRyeSЃS–S— R’RѕR»RёRЅS– RЎR RЎR  RїRѕRgR°RISЃSЏ RЅR° RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRЅSЏ SЃS‚R°S‚SѓSЃSѓ S„RѕR»SЊRyeSЃRgRѕR№S‡Rµ S–, RyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚SѓSЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RgSЂSѓR¶RЅS–RјRё SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRЅRyeR°RјRё RўSЂRµS‚SЊRѕRiRѕ SЂRµR№S…Sѓ S– RЎR RЎR , RїRµSЂRµSЃRµR»RёRISЃSЏ RЅR° R·R°S…S–Rg. RџS–SЃR»SЏ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RѕSЃS–RI Sѓ RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–. RўR°Rј R·R°RїSЂRёSЏR·RЅRёRISЃSЏ S–R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRјRё, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R· RЅRёS… R±SѓR»Rё S‡R»RµRЅR°RјRё RћRЈRќ-R±.

R›S–RїRѕR»SЊS† R·R°SЏRIRёRI, S‰Rѕ RЅR° RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RIRёR№S€R»Rё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕ-RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±. R’S–RЅ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RЅR°RyeR°R· RїS–RgSЃRёRїR°S‚Rё R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂS– RѕS‚SЂSѓR№RЅRёR№ RїRѕSЂRѕS€RѕRye Sѓ S—R¶Sѓ. R—R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЃR»RѕRIR°RјRё, R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ S…RѕS‚S–R»Rё RїSЂRёR±SЂR°S‚Rё S–S‰Rµ R№ S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ S‚RѕR№ RЅS–R±RёS‚Rѕ RIS–RgRgR°RIR°RI RїRµSЂRµRIR°RiSѓ R±SЂRёS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgS†S– S– R·R°RIR°R¶R°RI RЅS–RјS†SЏRј RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°S‚Rё SЃRIRѕS—S… R»SЋRgRµR№ Sѓ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgSѓRIR°R»SЊRЅRёS… RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏS… RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ.

R›S–RїRѕR»SЊS† RЅRµ R·RјS–Ri RIRёRyeRѕRЅRёS‚Rё RЅR°RyeR°R·, R°R»Rµ SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ R·RЅR°RI, S…S‚Rѕ S†Rµ R·SЂRѕR±RёRI. R†, R·R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЃR»RѕRIR°RјRё, S†Rµ R±SѓRI RЅRµ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№.

R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ RIR±RёRI RЅR°R±R»RёR¶RµRЅRёR№ RgRѕ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё (S‚R°Rye SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓRIR°RI R›S–RїRѕR»SЊS†) R”RјRёS‚SЂRѕ RњRёSЃRyeS–RI. 15 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1959 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RњRёSЃRyeS–RI RѕR±S–RgR°RI S–R· R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRѕSЋ S– RїS–RgSЃRёRїR°RI R№RѕRјSѓ RѕS‚SЂSѓS‚Sѓ.  RџS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ RњRёSЃRyeS–RI RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– 1960-RiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

"RћS‡RµRIRёRgRЅRѕ S„RµRgRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅR° SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeR° RiRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»R° RјRµRЅS– S‚R°RyeSѓ SЃR°RјSѓ RgRѕR»SЋ" - SЃRyeR°R·R°RI R›S–RїRѕR»SЊS† R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚R°Rј.

RџSЂRµSЃ-RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–SЏ R›S–RїRѕR»SЊS†R° R±SѓR»R° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅR° RЁS‚R°R·S– S– RљR“R‘ RЅR°RgS‚Rѕ RїRѕSЃRїS–S…RѕRј. RђRiRµRЅS‚R°, S‰Rѕ RyeRѕR»RёSЃSЊ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅR° R·R°S…RѕRgS–, RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°S‚Rё RgR»SЏ RїRѕS€RёSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RgRµR·S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S—. RЎRїRѕRgS–RIR°RЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rё RЅR° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ R±SѓRgRµ RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂSЏS‚Rё RїRѕRgSЂRѕR±RёS†SЊ S†S–S”S— RIRµSЂSЃS–S—.

R¦S– RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕ SЂRѕR·S–R№S€R»RёSЃSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ S”RISЂRѕRїRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RїSЂRµSЃRѕSЋ. RђR»Rµ RЅRµRIRgRѕRIR·S– R·’SЏSЃSѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RњS–SЃRyeRѕRI RЅRµ RјS–Ri RѕS‚SЂSѓS—S‚Rё R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ – S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI RЅRµ RI RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–, R° RI R RёRјS–. RћRЈRќ-R± S€RIRёRgRyeRѕ S†Rµ RgRѕRIRµR»R°, S‰Rµ RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, SЏRye R·R°S…S–RgRЅR° RїSЂRµSЃR° RyeR»SЋRЅSѓR»R° RЅR° S†SЋ RIRµSЂSЃS–SЋ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёS… SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±.

RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRёR№S€R»RѕSЃSЏ RgRѕRIRѕRgRёS‚Rё SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RISѓ, S‰Rѕ S†Rµ SЃR°RјRµ RIS–RЅ RIR±RёRI R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ. RЎR»S–RgS‡S– R№RѕRјSѓ RЅRµ RIS–SЂRёR»Rё S– S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RїS–SЃR»SЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ, SЏRye RµRyeSЃRїRµSЂS‚RёR·Rё RїS–RgS‚RIRµSЂRgRёR»Rё RїSЂR°RIRgRёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RїRѕRgSЂRѕR±RёS†SЊ, SЏRyeS– RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RјS–Ri R·RЅR°S‚Rё, - SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ SЏSЃRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё RјR°SЋS‚SЊ SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ S–R· RgS–R№SЃRЅRёRј RIR±RёRIS†RµSЋ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё S– R›RµRIR° R RµR±RµS‚R°. 

 R§R?RўRђR™RўR• RўRђRљRћR–:

R›RµRI R RµR±RµS‚ - RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚ RI RћRЈRќ S– RїRµSЂS€R° R¶RµSЂS‚RIR° RљR“R‘

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RgR»SЏ R±R°RiR°S‚RѕSЃRµSЂS–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRµSЂS–R°R»Sѓ.

RЈ RјRѕR»RѕRgS– SЂRѕRyeRё RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ. RђR»Rµ RѕRїRёRЅRёRISЃSЏ RїS–Rg RyeRѕRIRїR°RyeRѕRј SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±. RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RјR°RI SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRёR№ RIRёR±S–SЂ: RїS–S‚Rё RЅR° SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋ S–R· SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±R°RјRё S– RISЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°S‚Rё R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RI RIS–Rg R·R°SЃR»R°RЅRЅSЏ Sѓ RЎRёR±S–SЂ, R°R±Rѕ R·R±RµSЂRµRiS‚Rё RIS–SЂRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S–RgRµSЏRј R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё R·R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚R° RїSЂRёSЂRµRyeS‚Rё SЂRѕRgRёRЅSѓ RЅR° SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃS–S—.

R¦Rµ R±SѓRI SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRёR№ RIRёR±S–SЂ. R‘R°S‚SЊRyeRё R№RѕRiRѕ RIRёR±RѕSЂSѓ RЅRµ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rё. RGRѕS‡ SЃRёRЅ RIRIR°R¶R°RI, S‰Rѕ SЂSЏS‚SѓS” Sѓ S‚R°RyeRёR№ SЃRїRѕSЃS–R± S—S… R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ.

RўR°RyeRѕR¶ RIS–RЅ SЃRїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRёRISЃSЏ SЃRIRѕS—RјRё RgS–SЏRјRё RgRѕ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR° RЅR°SЂRµS‡RµRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂS–RgRЅRѕS— SЃRµSЃS‚SЂRё.

RЇSЃRЅR° SЂS–S‡, RЅRµR·R°R±R°SЂRѕRј RIS–RЅ SЃS‚R°RI S–R·RiRѕS”Rј RgR»SЏ SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё. Rђ R· S‡R°SЃRѕRј R·SЂS–RyeSЃSЏ S– SЃRIRѕRiRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃS‚RIR°.

R—RiRѕRgRѕRј RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R·SЂR°RgRёS‚SЊ S– SЃRIRѕS—S… RЅRѕRIRёS… RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂS–RI.

RўR°Rye, RIS–RЅ R·R°RyeRѕS…R°RISЃSЏ. RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S–R· R·R°RIRgR°RЅSЊ RIS–RЅ R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–RI RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RgS–RIS‡RёRЅSѓ.

RљR“R‘ RїRѕS‚S–Rј R±SѓRgRµ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S—S… S€R»SЋR±Sѓ. RљRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°RїRѕR»SЏRiR°R»Rѕ RїRѕS‚S–Rј RЅR° R°R±RѕSЂS‚S–, RyeRѕR»Rё R†RЅT‘Rµ R·R°RIR°RiS–S‚RЅS–R»R°. 

 R’RµSЃS–R»R»SЏ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚R° R†RЅT‘Rµ RџRѕR»SЊ. RЎS…S–RgRЅRёR№ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅ, R±RµSЂRµR·RµRЅSЊ 1960 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕS‚SЂRѕS…Sѓ RIS‚SЂR°S‡R°RI RgRѕRIS–SЂSѓ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR°. R† RISЃRµ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїR»SЏRI RїS–Rg RIRїR»RёRI SЃRIRѕS”S— RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRё.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ, SЏRye RIRѕRЅRё RIRёRїR°RgRyeRѕRIRѕ R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё RїS–RgSЃSѓS€RyeSѓ Sѓ SЃRIRѕS—R№ RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RyeRIR°SЂS‚RёSЂS–, SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rѕ: S‚SЂRµR±R° S‚S–RyeR°S‚Rё RЅR° R—R°S…S–Rg.

RђR»Rµ, R·RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, Sѓ RљR“R‘ S‚RµR¶ R±R°S‡RёR»Rё RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ SЃSѓRїRµSЂR°RiRµRЅS‚R°, SЏRyeRёR№ RIR¶Rµ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· RЅR°R№RIRёS‰RёS… RѕSЂRgRµRЅS–RI RЎR RЎR  R·R° RIRёRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRIRѕS… RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RIR±RёRISЃS‚RI. RџRѕRgSЂSѓR¶R¶SЏ RїSЂRѕSЃRёR»RѕSЃSЏ RЅR°R·R°Rg, Sѓ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅSѓ.

RљRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ RљR“R‘ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёR»Rѕ SѓRјRѕRISѓ: RїRѕS—S…R°S‚Rё RјR°S” S…S‚RѕSЃSЊ RѕRgRёRЅ. RђR±Rѕ RIS–RЅ, R°R±Rѕ RIRѕRЅR°. RўRµ, S‰Rѕ RѕRgRёRЅ R· RЅRёS… RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂSЋS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° R·R°SЂSѓS‡RЅRёRyeR° S– RiR°SЂR°RЅS‚S–SЋ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ S–RЅS€RѕRiRѕ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅRµ SЃRёR»SЊRЅRѕ RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRёS…RѕRIR°S‚Rё.

R†RЅT‘Rµ RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕ R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RI. R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅ RgRѕRјRѕRIR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ RyeRѕRgRѕRIS– SЃR»RѕRIR°, SЏRyeS– RgRѕR·RIRѕR»SЏS‚SЊ S—Rј R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S‚Rё Sѓ R»RёSЃS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅS–, S‡Rё RIRgR°SЃS‚SЊSЃSЏ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё RIS‚RµS‡Sѓ RЅR° R—R°S…S–Rg.

RџS–Rg RїSЂRёRIRёRgRѕRј RЅRµR·RgRѕSЂRѕRI’SЏ R†RЅT‘Rµ R·R°R»RёS€R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶SѓRIR°S‚Rё Sѓ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS–, RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶SѓS”, R°R»Rµ RЅRµR·R°R±R°SЂRѕRј SЃRёRЅ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRѕRјRёSЂR°S”.

R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅR° RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRїSѓSЃRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ RЅR° RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅ SЃRёRЅR°. RљS–R»R»RµSЂR° RїRµSЂRµRїSЂR°RIR»SЏSЋS‚SЊ Sѓ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёRј R»S–S‚R°RyeRѕRј. R™RѕRiRѕ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RIRµSЃSЊ S‡R°SЃ SЃSѓRїSЂRѕRIRѕRgR¶SѓS” RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±.

RЇRyeRµ R¶ R±SѓR»Rѕ S—S… R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, RyeRѕR»Rё RЅR° RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅS– SЃRёRЅR° RЅRµ R·’SЏRIRёR»RёSЃSЏ R°RЅS– R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ, R°RЅS– RјR°S‚Rё. R†RЅT‘Rµ S‚R° R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅ RIS‚RµRyeR»Rё.

RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R· RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRѕSЋ RIS‚RµRyeR»Rё SЃR°RјRµ RI S‚RѕR№ RgRµRЅSЊ, RyeRѕR»Rё RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё R±SѓRgSѓRIR°S‚Rё R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RјSѓSЂ.

RЇRyeR±Rё RIRѕRЅRё R·SЂRѕR±RёR»Rё S†Rµ RЅR° S‚SЂRё RiRѕRgRёRЅRё RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ – S—S… RIS‚RµS‡R° RїSЂRѕRIR°R»RёR»R°SЃSЏ.

RџRѕS‚S–Rј R±SѓRgRµ SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIRѕ S– SЃSѓRg.

RќR° 388 SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅS†S– RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°S”S€ SЃRїS–RIS‡SѓRIR°S‚Rё RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ. R’S–RЅ R·RјS–Ri R·R°RIRѕSЋRIR°S‚Rё SЃRёRјRїR°S‚S–S— SЃSѓRgSѓ S– S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕS— RїSЂRµSЃRё. R’RёSЂRѕRye R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RI: R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ RgRIRѕS… RїRѕR¶RёS‚S‚S”RIRёS… S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅS–RI, RIS–RЅ RѕS‚SЂRёRјSѓS” 8 SЂRѕRyeS–RI SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ.

RђR»Rµ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅSѓ RIS–RЅ RЅRµ RIS–RgR±SѓRI RgRѕ RyeS–RЅS†SЏ. RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё SЂR°RЅS–S€Rµ.

Rђ RїRѕS‚S–Rј – R№RѕRiRѕ SЃR»S–Rg SЂRѕR·S‡RёRЅSЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RI S‚SѓRјR°RЅS– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—.

R§Rё RјR°R»R° RјS–SЃS†Rµ SЏRyeR°SЃSЊ SѓRiRѕRgR° S–R· SЏRyeRѕSЋSЃSЊ S–R· SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±, SЏRyeR° RgRѕR·RIRѕR»RёR»R° SЃRїRѕRgS–RIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR° Rј’SЏRyeS– S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅRё SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ? R§RѕRјSѓ SЂRѕRgRёRЅR° R RµR±RµS‚R° RїSЂRѕSЃS‚RёR»R° RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIRѕ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–RyeR° S– R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°? RЇRye RЅR° RISЃRµ S†Rµ SЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°R»R° RѕSѓRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeR° RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–SЏ? RЇRye SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ RIS–RgRѕRјRѕ RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ Sѓ RџS–RIRgRµRЅRЅS–R№ RђS„SЂRёS†S–? R§RѕRјSѓ R¦R RЈ SѓRIR°R¶RЅRѕ SЃR»S–RgRyeSѓRIR°R»Rѕ R·R° RїRµSЂRµR±S–RiRѕRј S†S–S”S— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—?

RЇSЃRЅR° SЂS–S‡, S‰Rѕ R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RЅR°RјR°RiR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R·RЅR°R№S‚Rё Sѓ SЂRѕR·SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‡RµRЅRёS… R°SЂS…S–RIR°S… RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgS– RЅR° S†S– RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, R°R»Rµ R№ RgRѕRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕ RѕRїRёSЃSѓS” SѓSЃS– SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕS‰S– RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIRyeRё RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR°, R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRµR°R»S–R·R°S†S–S—, SЂRѕR·SЃR»S–RgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S– SЃSѓRgSѓ RЅR°Rg RIR±RёRIS†RµSЋ. R† S‚SѓS‚ S‚SЂRµR±R° SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RyeRЅRёR¶RyeR° RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»R°SЃSЏ RЅRµ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅR° R·R°S…RѕRїR»RёRIRёR№ RgRµS‚RµRyeS‚RёRI. "RџRѕ S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕRјSѓ SЃR»S–RgSѓ. RЈR±RёRISЃS‚RIRѕ Sѓ RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–" - RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– R¶RёRIRёR№ RїRѕSЂS‚SЂRµS‚ RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё RЅR° S‚R»S– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R№R¶Rµ S€RµRyeSЃRїS–SЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiRµSЂRѕSЏ. R’S–SЂRЅS–S€Rµ – R°RЅS‚RёRiRµSЂRѕSЏ.

R¤SЂR°R·R°. "RџRѕRgSЂSѓR¶R¶SЏ RЎS‚R°S€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS…-R›RµRјR°RЅS–RI RIRёS—S…R°R»Rѕ R· R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅR° RgRѕ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё 9 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ 1960 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RЅR° Rї’SЏS‚RЅR°RgS†SЏS‚Sѓ SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†SЋ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiRё RЅR°Rg RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚R°RјRё. R’RѕRЅRё R·SЂRѕR±RёR»Rё R·SѓRїRёRЅRyeSѓ Sѓ R’R°SЂS€R°RIS–. R RѕRgRёS‡R°Rј R†RЅT‘Rµ RјRѕR»RѕRgSЏS‚R° SЃRyeR°R·R°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ R¶RёS‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ SЃR°RјRµ S‚R°Rј. RўR°RјS‚RµS€RЅS–R№ RѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRёRye RgR°RI R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅSѓ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS– RїRѕS€S‚S–RIRyeRё, RјR°SЂRyeRё S– SЃRїRёSЃRѕRye S†S–RЅ RЅR° RїSЂRѕRgSѓRyeS‚Rё R№ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRё. RўSЂRёRЅR°RgS†SЏS‚RёSЂS–S‡RЅRёR№ R±SЂR°S‚ R†RЅT‘Rµ RїSЂRѕSЃRёRI RїSЂRёSЃR»R°S‚Rё R»RёSЃS‚S–RIRѕRye S– RјR°SЂRѕRye. R¦S–RЅRё R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅS–, S‰RѕR± RїRёSЃR°S‚Rё SЂRѕRgRёS‡R°Rј R†RЅT‘Rµ RїSЂRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ Sѓ R’R°SЂS€R°RIS–. RљR”R‘ RIRёRgR°R»Rѕ RїRѕRgSЂSѓR¶R¶SЋ RїRѕS€S‚RѕRISѓ R°RgSЂRµSЃSѓ Sѓ R’R°SЂS€R°RIS–, R·RIS–RgS‚Rё R»RёSЃS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµRїSЂR°RIR»SЏR»Rё RgRѕ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё. R›RёSЃS‚Rё RI R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅ R№S€R»Rё RI RyeRѕRЅRIRµSЂS‚R°S… R· RIR°SЂS€R°RISЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RјR°SЂRyeR°RјRё. R RѕRgRёS‡R°Rј RIRѕRЅRё SЃRyeR°R·R°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓS‚SЊSЃSЏ S‡RµSЂRµR· SЂS–Rye."

RќR°RiR°RgSѓS”RјRѕ, RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ RџR»RѕS…S–R№ – RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— S– RgRёSЂRµRyeS‚RѕSЂ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ R“R°SЂRIR°SЂRgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ, R°RIS‚RѕSЂ R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS… RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёS… S– RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRѕ-RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅRёS… RyeRЅRёR¶RѕRye: "R‘SЂR°RјR° R„RISЂRѕRїRё", "RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ S–RјRїRµSЂS–SЏ" S‚R° S–RЅS€RёS….  

R§RёS‚R°R№S‚Rµ SѓSЃS– RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё RїSЂRѕ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?

RћRјRµR»SЏRЅ RљRѕRIS‡ vЂ” SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRye, RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚ S‚R° RїSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye

"RљRѕRIS‡, SЏRyeRёR№ RgRѕSЃRyeRѕRЅR°R»Rѕ R·RЅR°RI RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ, RyeSЂRёRyeRЅSѓRI RgRѕ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI, S‰RѕR± RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RgRѕ SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– RѕRЅS–RјS–R»Rё RIS–Rg R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S– RїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ, R° RѕS‚RµS†SЊ RyeRёRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RIRёRЅRѕSЃRёS‚Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ S–R· RїR°R»R°SЋS‡RѕS— SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RЎRµSЂRµRg S–RЅS€RёS…, SЏRyeRёS… RISЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°RI Rѕ. RљRѕRIS‡, R±SѓRI SЂR°R±RёRЅ Rј. R‘RµR»R· RђR°SЂRѕRЅ R RѕRyeRµR°S…".

R‘RµR· RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI S– RyeRѕRјSЃRѕRјRѕR»SЊS†S–RI. RЇRye R·R°SЃRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё RЎRїS–R»RyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS–

19 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1989 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RЅR° RiRѕSЂS– RњR°RyeS–RIRyeR° vЂ“ RјS–SЃS†S– R±RѕS—RI RЈRЎRЎ R· RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёRј RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRј R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RЎRїS–R»RyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS– (RЎRќRЈRњ). RћSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRјRё RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRyeR°RјRё RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R·R°RgRµRyeR»R°SЂSѓRIR°R»Rё RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№, RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕ-RѕSЃRIS–S‚RЅS–R№ S‚R° SЃRїRѕSЂS‚RёRIRЅRёR№. RЈ SЃS‚R°S‚SѓS‚ R±RµR· RgRIRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ RIRЅRµSЃR»Rё RЅRѕSЂRјSѓ: "RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё S‚R° RyeRѕRјSЃRѕRјRѕR»SЊS†S– S‡R»RµRЅR°RјRё RЎRќRЈRњSѓ R±SѓS‚Rё RЅRµ RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ".

RџSѓS‚S‡ Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– Sѓ SЃRµSЂRїRЅS– 1991 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RЇRye SЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°R»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°

RћS‡RµRIRёRgS†S– R· SЂR°RgS–SЃS‚SЋ R·RiR°RgSѓSЋS‚SЊ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚, RyeRѕR»Rё RgRѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeS– S€R°S…S‚R°SЂS– S‚RµR¶ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rё RЅRµ RIRёR·RЅR°RIR°S‚Rё SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSѓS‚S‡RёSЃS‚S–RI S–R· R“RљR§Rџ S– RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR»Rё RїSЂRѕ R±RµR·SЃS‚SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SЃS‚SЂR°R№Rye, RIRёRјR°RiR°SЋS‡Rё R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RљRџR RЎ.