RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

"R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ: RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚SЊ RЅR° S‚R»S– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—"

RЎSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ S” RїR°SЂRyeRѕRј RјR°R№R¶Rµ Sѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRјS–SЃS‚S– RљRёS”RIR°, SЏRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓS” RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёRј RјRµS€RyeR°RЅS†SЏRј R·R°S…RёSЃS‚ RIS–Rg RїRµRyeSѓS‡RѕS— R»S–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— SЃRїRµRyeRё. RЎS–RјRgRµSЃSЏS‚ RїvЂ™SЏS‚SЊ SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ S‚R°RyeR° RјRёSЂRЅR° SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ SЃS‚R°R»R° RјS–SЃS†RµRј RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S–R· RЅR°R№RIS–RgRѕRјS–S€RёS… R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅS–RI R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ.

R—R° RgRIR° RgRЅS– RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1941 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RјR°R№R¶Rµ 34 000 S”RISЂRµS—RI R±SѓR»Rѕ RIR±RёS‚Rѕ RI SѓSЂRIRёS‰S– RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRg R±SѓRyeRѕRIRѕS— RјS–SЃS†RµRIRѕSЃS‚S–, SЏRyeRёR№ RyeRѕR»RёSЃSЊ RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»Rё "RЁRIRµR№S†R°SЂS–S”SЋ RљRёS”RIR°".

RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… RgRIRѕS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI, R·RiS–RgRЅRѕ SЃS‚R°S‚RёSЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RgR°RЅRёS…, RI RЇSЂSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅRѕ S‰Rµ 30 000 S”RISЂRµS—RI S‚R° SЂR°R·RѕRј R· RЅRёRјRё RїSЂRёR±R»RёR·RЅRѕ 30 000 RѕSЃS–R± R· S–RЅS€RёS… RiSЂSѓRї, SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёS… RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚R°RјRё: SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI, SЂRѕRјS–RI, SЃRѕRIS”S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI, RgSѓS€RµRIRЅRѕ S…RIRѕSЂRёS…, R·R°SЂSѓS‡RЅRёRyeS–RI S‚R° RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRїRѕR»RѕRЅRµRЅRёS….

R”Rѕ RyeS–RЅS†SЏ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— RљRёS”RIR°, RI R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRјSѓ RЇSЂSѓ RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёR»Rё R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RїRѕRЅR°Rg 100 000 R»SЋRgRµR№. RўRѕS‡RЅS– S†RёS„SЂRё R·R°RiRёR±R»RёS… R·R°R»RёS€R°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјRёRјRё.

RќRµS‰RѕRgR°RIRЅRѕ RIRёRgR°RЅR° RyeRЅRёRiR° RїS–Rg RЅR°R·RIRѕSЋ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ: RїR°Rј’SЏS‚SЊ RЅR° S‚R»S– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—", R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕSЋ RјS–SЂRѕSЋ RgRѕRїRѕRIRЅSЋS” RЅR°S€Rµ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏ R·R°S‚SЊRјR°SЂRµRЅRѕS— SЃRїR°RgS‰RёRЅRё R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ.

RЈRїRѕSЂSЏRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RIRёRgR°RЅRЅSЏ S” R’S–S‚R°R»S–R№ RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡, RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёR№ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёR№ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye RњSѓR·RµSЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјS–SЃS‚R° RљRёS”RIR° S‚R° RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂ R“SЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ".

R’S–S‚R°R»S–R№ RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡, S„RѕS‚Rѕ - R“SЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRµ SЂR°RgS–Rѕ

RљRЅRёRiR° RIRёSЃRIS–S‚R»SЋS” SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅSѓ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RјS–SЃS†RµRIRѕSЃS‚S– R· S‚RёS… S‡R°SЃS–RI, RyeRѕR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°R·RIR° SЃS‚R°R»R° SЃRёRЅRѕRЅS–RјRѕRј RјS–SЃS†SЊ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR°, RgRѕ RЅRёRЅS–S€RЅS–S… R·SѓSЃRёR»SЊ, S‰Rѕ SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅS– RЅR° SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ RЅR° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚S– R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS… R¶RµSЂS‚RI.

"R‘SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeR° R»SЋRgRёRЅR° RјRѕR¶Rµ RIR·SЏS‚Rё RyeRЅRёRiSѓ R№ RїRѕRgRёRIRёS‚RёSЃSЊ RЅR° R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ RїRѕ-RЅRѕRIRѕRјSѓ", – RyeR°R¶Rµ RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡. "R¦Rµ RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ S”RISЂRµS—RI, R°R»Rµ R№ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°Rј’SЏS‚S– … R¦Rµ RIS–RgRѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RїRѕ RISЃS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–".

R”RIRѕRјRѕRIRЅRµ RIRёRgR°RЅRЅSЏ (SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ S‚R° R°RЅRiR»S–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ), RїS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRѕSЋ RgR»SЏ SЃRyeR»R°RgR°RЅRЅSЏ SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ R±SѓR»R° RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЊ Sѓ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅS– 2016 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RЅR° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ 75-S… SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRёRЅ S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–S— R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ, R·RIRµSЂS‚R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕ R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— S‡RёS‚R°S†SЊRyeRѕS— R°SѓRgRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— R· RЅRµRIRµR»RёRyeRёRј R·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏRј RїSЂRѕ R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ.

R RѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЊRЅRёR№ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚. R’ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– S”RISЂRµS—RI RIR±RёRIR°R»Rё RЅRµ RI RiR°R·RѕRIRёS… RyeR°RјRµSЂR°S…

R©RµRgSЂRѕ S–R»SЋSЃS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅR° SЃRIS–S‚R»RёRЅR°RјRё S‚R° RјR°RїR°RјRё, SЏRyeS– SЂRѕR·RyeSЂRёRIR°SЋS‚SЊ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ S‚R° RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓSЋS‚SЊ R·RјS–RЅRё Sѓ S‚RѕRїRѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— RјS–SЃS†RµRIRѕSЃS‚S–, RyeRЅRёRiR° RЅR°RgR°S” S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R·RѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RѕR±R»RёS‡ S‚R° S–RјRµRЅ R¶RµSЂS‚RI R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ R№ S‚RёS… RyeRёSЏRЅ, S‰Rѕ SЂRёR·RёRyeSѓRIR°R»Rё SЃRIRѕS—Rј R¶RёS‚S‚SЏRј, SЂSЏS‚SѓSЋS‡Rё S—S….

R’RёRgR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RIS–RgS‚RIRѕSЂSЋS” RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚RЅS– RїR»R°RЅRё SЃRµRјRё R»R°SѓSЂRµR°S‚S–RI RјS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R°SЂS…S–S‚RµRyeS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅRyeSѓSЂSЃSѓ, SЏRyeRёR№ RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ RјRёRЅSѓR»RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ, S‰RѕRgRѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ RI R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRјSѓ RЇSЂSѓ.

RљRѕRЅRyeSѓSЂSЃ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ R·R° RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeRё RљR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R±R»R°RiRѕRgS–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ S„RѕRЅRgSѓ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕ-S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeR° R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡", RїS–Rg RµRiS–RgRѕSЋ RњS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRѕSЋR·Sѓ R°SЂS…S–S‚RµRyeS‚RѕSЂS–RI S‚R° RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SѓSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRI. RљS–RЅS†RµRIRёR№ SЂRѕR·RgS–R» RїRѕRgR°S” R±R°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ R°RIS‚RѕSЂS–RI RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚S–RI RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R·RѕRЅRё.

R’ RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅS–R№ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅS– SЂRѕR·RiR»SЏRЅSѓS‚Rѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RїSЂRѕ R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ, RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ RgRѕ S…SЂRѕRЅRѕR»RѕRiS–S— RїRѕRgS–R№, S‰Rѕ S‚R°Rј RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЊ.

RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S‡ R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ R±SѓRI RјR°R»RѕRЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRѕSЋ RѕRyeRѕR»RёS†RµSЋ RљRёS”RIR°, RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕSЋ RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕSЋ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RyeRѕSЋ SЏRyeRѕS— R±SѓR»R° RљRёSЂRёR»S–RISЃSЊRyeR° S†RµSЂRyeRIR°, R·R±SѓRgRѕRIR°RЅR° Sѓ 1140 SЂRѕS†S–. RЈ RgSЂSѓRiS–R№ RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅS– RgRµRI’SЏS‚RЅR°RgS†SЏS‚RѕRiRѕ SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S‡S‡SЏ S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ R±SѓR»R° RїSЂRёS”RgRЅR°RЅR° RgRѕ R›SѓRye’SЏRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R№RѕRЅSѓ RљRёS”RIR°.

RЈ 1884-1885-S… SЂRѕRyeR°S… RЅR° S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RјS–SЃS†S– RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ RyeRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїS–RgRїSЂRёS”RјRµS†SЊ R†SЃSЂR°RµR»SЊ R‘SЂRѕRgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R·R±SѓRgSѓRIR°RI S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeSѓ R»S–RyeR°SЂRЅSЋ S‚R° SЂRµRјS–SЃRЅRёS‡Rµ SѓS‡RёR»RёS‰Rµ. R’ RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅS– SЂRѕRyeRё R·RµRјR»SЋ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRgS–R»RёR»Rё RgR»SЏ RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ, S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RyeR°SЂR°S—RјSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚R° RјSѓSЃSѓR»SЊRјR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂS–RI, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RgR»SЏ R‘SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰R°.

R—S– SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅRё XIX SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S‡S‡SЏ RIRµR»RёRyeSѓ S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RїS–Rg RЅR°R·RIRѕSЋ RЎRёSЂRµS†SЊ R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°RЅRѕ RgR»SЏ R»S–S‚RЅS–S… RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–RI.

RЇRye SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°S” RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡, Sѓ 1930-S… SЂRѕRyeR°S… RЅR° R‘SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰S– RI RЅRµRїRѕR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRёS… RјR°SЃRѕRIRёS… R·R°S…RѕSЂRѕRЅRµRЅRЅSЏS… R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅS– R¶RµSЂS‚RIRё R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ. RћSЃRѕR±Rё, R·R°RyeR°S‚RѕRIR°RЅS– RќRљR’RЎ, R±SѓR»Rё S‚R°S”RјRЅRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅS– RЅR° R›SѓRye’SЏRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅRѕRјSѓ S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂS–. RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1940-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI SЃRѕRIS”S‚SЃSЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»R° SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё SЃRїRѕSЂS‚RёRIRЅRёR№ RyeRѕRјRїR»RµRyeSЃ Sѓ R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRјSѓ RЇSЂSѓ, R°R»Rµ RїR»R°RЅRё R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃRyeR°SЃRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RIRЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕ-SЃRѕRIS”S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё.

RџRѕRgR°RЅRЅSЏ RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡RµRј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RIRѕS”RЅRЅRёS… S‡R°SЃS–RI RgR°S” RЅR°Rј R·RјRѕRiSѓ SѓSЏRIRёS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ S†S–S”S— S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЅR° RјS–SЃS†Rµ R¶R°S…R»RёRIRёS… S‚R° S€RѕRyeSѓSЋS‡Rµ S€RIRёRgRyeRёS… RјR°SЃRѕRIRёS… SЃS‚SЂR°S‚.

R RѕR·RgS–R», RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅRёR№ R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅRЅSЋ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RљRёS”RIR°, SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°S”, SЏRye RISЂR°RЅS†S– 29 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1941 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RgRѕ R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё R·R±RёSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ S”RISЂRµS— R· SЂS–R·RЅRёS… SЂR°R№RѕRЅS–RI RјS–SЃS‚R°. RљRѕR»Rё RIRѕRЅRё RїSЂRёR±SѓR»Rё RgRѕ RјS–SЃS†SЏ R‘SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂSЏ, S‚Rѕ RI RЅRёS… R±SѓR»Rѕ RyeRѕRЅS„S–SЃRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RiSЂRѕS€S–, RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё S‚R° RyeRѕS€S‚RѕRIRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. R”Rѕ 6-S— RiRѕRgRёRЅRё RIRµS‡RѕSЂR° RЅS–RјS†S– RIR±RёR»Rё 22 000 S”RISЂRµS—RI. R”Rѕ RyeS–RЅS†SЏ RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ RI R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRјSѓ RЇSЂSѓ R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rѕ 33 771 RyeRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI.

R’ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… SЂRѕR·RgS–R»R°S… SЂRѕR·RiR»SЏRЅSѓS‚Rѕ R·R°RiRёR±RµR»SЊ SЂRѕRјS–RI, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI, SЃRѕRIS”S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RI S‚R° RgSѓS€RµRIRЅRѕ S…RIRѕSЂRёS…. R§RёS‚R°S‡S– RgS–R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ, SЏRye RIRёR¶RёRIR°R»Rё RЅRµ-S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– RјRµS€RyeR°RЅS†S– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— S‚R° SЏRye, SЃRїRµSЂS€Sѓ RЅS–RјS†S–, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј SЃRѕRIS”S‚Rё, RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЊ RїSЂRёS…RѕRIR°S‚Rё R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅRё, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓR»RёSЃSЊ Sѓ R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRјSѓ RЇSЂSѓ.

RљRЅRёR¶RyeR° RјS–SЃS‚RёS‚SЊ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RїSЂRѕ RљSѓSЂRµRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeSѓ RyeR°S‚R°SЃS‚SЂRѕS„Sѓ 1961 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, S‰Rѕ RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ SЃS‚R°R»R° SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚RѕRј RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIRѕS— SЃRїSЂRѕR±Rё R·’S”RgRЅR°S‚Rё RgRIS– S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё RјS–SЃS‚R°, R°R»Rµ R№ RјR°R»R° RЅR° RјRµS‚S– "SЃS‚RµSЂS‚Rё RїR°Rј’SЏS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–SЋ RyeRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI".

R§R°SЃS‚Rѕ RI RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–SЏS… S‰RѕRgRѕ R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ RЅRµ RISЂR°S…RѕRISѓSЋS‚SЊ S‚RёS… RyeRёSЏRЅ, SЏRyeS– SЂRёR·RёRyeSѓRIR°R»Rё SЃRIRѕS—Rј R¶RёS‚S‚SЏRј, SЂSЏS‚SѓSЋS‡Rё S”RISЂRµS—RI. RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡ RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡SѓS” S†S–R»RёR№ SЂRѕR·RgS–R» S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏRј S‚R°RyeRёS… R»SЋRgRµR№, SЏRyeS– RIS€R°RЅRѕRISѓSЋS‚SЊ S—S…RЅSЋ RјSѓR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S– R»SЋRgSЏRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ.

"R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚ RIS–Rg RyeSѓR»SЊ". RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRgRё"

RќR°S†RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeR° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeR° Sѓ RЎS…S–RgRЅS–R№ R„RISЂRѕRїS– R±SѓR»R° RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ R¶RѕSЂSЃS‚RѕRyeRѕSЋ. RќR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅSѓ RIS–Rg S–RЅS€RёS… S”RISЂRѕRїRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeSЂR°S—RЅ, RѕRyeSѓRїRѕRIR°RЅRёS… RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚R°RјRё, S†S–RЅRѕSЋ – R·R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiSѓ R°R±Rѕ RїRµSЂRµS…RѕRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S”RISЂRµS—RI RЅR° RЎS…RѕRgS– – R±SѓR»R° SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЊ.

RќRёRЅS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RїRѕSЃS–RgR°S” S‡RµS‚RIRµSЂS‚Rµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ SЃRµSЂRµRg RyeSЂR°S—RЅ, RgRµ RЅRµS”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅRё, S‰Rѕ RISЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё S”RISЂRµS—RI RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё, R±SѓR»Rё RЅR°RiRѕSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅS– R·RIR°RЅRЅSЏRј "RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ", SЏRyeRµ RЅR°RgR°S” RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR° R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЊ – S†Rµ RЅR° RgR°RЅRёR№ S‡R°SЃ 2 515 RѕSЃS–R±.

"RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SЃRѕRIS”S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂS–RѕRgSѓ RIR»R°RgR° RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»R°SЃSЊ R·R±RµSЂS–RiR°S‚Rё S‚R°S”RјRЅRёS†SЋ RїSЂRѕ R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅRЅSЏ S”RISЂRµS—RI RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RIS–R№RЅRё, R№ S‚RѕRјSѓ S—S… RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RI RЈR RЎR  RЅRµ RIS–RgR±SѓR»RѕSЃSЊ", – R·R°R·RЅR°S‡R°S” RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡.

R›RёS€Rµ RI RgRѕR±Sѓ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRgRѕRIRё 1988 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRµ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIRѕ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё S‚R° R№RѕRiRѕ RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R» – S„RѕRЅRg "RџR°Rј’SЏS‚SЊ R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ" RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё S€SѓRyeR°S‚Rё RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeS–RI RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

RЈ RyeRIS–S‚RЅS– 1989 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S„RѕRЅRg RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRёRI RїRѕS‡RµSЃRЅRµ R·RIR°RЅRЅSЏ "RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ". RџRµSЂS€RёRјRё RѕSЃRѕR±R°RјRё, SЏRyeS– RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё S†SЋ RЅR°RiRѕSЂRѕRgSѓ, SЃS‚R°R»Rё RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅRёR№ SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRye RћR»RµRyeSЃS–R№ R“R»R°RiRѕR»S”RI (RїRѕSЃRјRµSЂS‚RЅRѕ) S‚R° S‡R»RµRЅRё R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё.

RќR° SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS–S€RЅS–R№ RgRµRЅSЊ, R·RIR°RЅRЅSЏ "RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ" RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rѕ 662 RѕSЃRѕR±Rё. R— S‚RёS… RїS–SЂ SЂR°RgR° S„RѕRЅRgSѓ RЅR°RїSЂR°RIR»SЏR»R° S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–SЋ RїSЂRѕ RIRёSЏRIR»RµRЅRёS… SЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°R»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RI RgRѕ RЇRg R’R°S€RµRј, RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ S–R·SЂR°S—R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»Sѓ R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ, S‰Rѕ RIRёRIS‡R°S” S‚R° RѕS†S–RЅSЋS” RyeRѕR¶RЅSѓ SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ RЅR° RїSЂRµRgRјRµS‚ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRѕSЋ R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЊ. RЎS‚Rѕ Rї’SЏS‚RgRµSЃSЏS‚ S–R· S†RёS… RѕSЃS–R± R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRѕ RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeR°RјRё RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ.

R’RёRyeR»RёRye, SЏRyeRёR№ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RїRѕSЃS‚R°S” RїRµSЂRµRg RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ, RїRѕR»SЏRiR°S” RI S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰RѕR± RЅR°R»RµR¶RЅRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј RIS–RgRgR°S‚Rё S€R°RЅSѓ SѓSЃS–Rј RїRѕRgS–SЏRј, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓR»RёSЃSЏ Sѓ R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRјSѓ RЇSЂSѓ. RљRѕR¶RЅR° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR°, S‡R»RµRЅRё SЏRyeRѕS— RїRѕSЃS‚SЂR°R¶RgR°R»Rё S‚SѓS‚,  RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё SЃRїRѕSЂSѓRgR¶SѓRIR°R»R° RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRyeRё RЅR° RѕR·RЅR°RyeSѓ RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·R°RiRёR±R»RёS…, SЃS‚RIRѕSЂSЋSЋS‡Rё  RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј SЂRѕRyeS–RI S…R°RѕS‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ R»R°RЅRgS€R°S„S‚ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»S–RI. RњS–SЃS†RµRIS– RјRµS€RyeR°RЅS†S–, S‰Rѕ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ-RiSѓSЃS‚Rѕ RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ R¶R°S…S–S‚S‚SЏ, S‰Rѕ S‚SѓS‚ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ, RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓSЋS‚SЊ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°S‚Rё S†Rµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ SЏRye RїR°SЂRye RgR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RIR°Ri.

RњSѓR·RµR№ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ". R’S–RgRyeSЂRёS‚RёR№ R»RёSЃS‚-R·R°SЃS‚RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeS–RI

R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRЅS– S‡RёRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeRё S‚R° RјS–SЃS†RµRIR° S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeR° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR° RgRѕ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RЅRµ RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё, SЏRyeR° S–R· RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRёS… S„RѕSЂRј S” RЅR°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЋ RgR»SЏ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ: RiSЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅS– RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»Rё S‡Rё RјSѓR·RµS—, S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRISЃSЋRgR¶RµRЅS– RЅR° R—R°S…RѕRgS–, R°R±Rѕ R±S–R»SЊS€ R»R°RyeRѕRЅS–S‡RЅS– SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ, S‰Rѕ SЃRїSЂRёSЏS‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ RiR»RёR±S€RѕRјSѓ RIS–RgS‡SѓS‚S‚SЋ RјS–SЃS†SЏ S‚R° S‡R°SЃSѓ.

RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡ RIRIR°R¶R°S”, S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR·R±S–R¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– S‰RѕRgRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°Rј’SЏS‚S–, SЏRyeS– RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°RIRyeRѕR»Rѕ R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ, RIS–RgR±RёRIR°SЋS‚SЊ RїRѕRgS–S—, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RI S–RЅS€RёS… RyeSѓS‚RѕS‡RyeR°S… RїRѕ RISЃS–R№ S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R’RёSЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ S‚SѓS‚ RЅR°RgR°SЃS‚SЊ RIRµRyeS‚RѕSЂ RgR»SЏ S—S… SЂRѕR·RI’SЏR·R°RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕ RISЃS–R№ RyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

"RќR°Rј RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅRѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂSЋRIR°S‚Rё RјRµS…R°RЅS–R·RјRё RgR»SЏ RIRёSЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕRЅS„R»S–RyeS‚S–RI", – SЃRyeR°R·R°RI RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡. "RЇRyeS‰Rѕ RјRё R·RјRѕR¶RµRјRѕ S†Rµ R·SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё RI R‘R°R±RёRЅRѕRјSѓ RЇSЂSѓ, S‚Rѕ RјRё R·RјRѕR¶RµRјRѕ S†Rµ R·SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё R№ RI S–RЅS€RёS… RјS–SЃS†SЏS…".

R¦RµR№ RЅRѕRIRёR№ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ R°R»SЊR±RѕRј-RyeR°S‚R°R»RѕRi R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRѕ Sѓ S‚SЂR°RIRЅS– 2017 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RЅR° RњS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ S„RµSЃS‚RёRIR°R»S– "RљRЅRёR¶RyeRѕRIRёR№ RђSЂSЃRµRЅR°R»" Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїR°RЅRµR»S–, RgRµ R¶RIR°RIRѕ RѕR±RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ RЅRѕRIR° R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂR°, RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S‚R° S—S— S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSЂRѕRјR°RgRё. RћR±RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЊ RIRёRgR°RЅRЅSЏ, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rё S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃRѕRIRѕ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°RЅS– UJE S‚R° RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIR»RµRЅS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RIRёRgR°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR°RјRё "R”SѓS… S– R»S–S‚RµSЂR°" R№ "Laurus" (SЃR°RјRµ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS” RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»Rѕ RyeRЅRёRiSѓ RќR°S…RјR°RЅRѕRIRёS‡R°).

RљSЂS–Rј R°R»SЊR±RѕRјSѓ-RyeR°S‚R°R»RѕRiSѓ, RIS–SЂS‚SѓR°R»SЊRЅR° RIRµSЂSЃS–SЏ RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeRё RgRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRЅR° RЅR° RIRµR±-SЃR°R№S‚S– R“SЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ".

R’SЃS– S‚RµRyeSЃS‚Rё "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRgRё" R·R° S‚RµRiRѕRј "R‘R°R±RёRЅ RЇSЂ"

100 RyeRЅRёRi RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" SЂRµRyeRѕRјRµRЅRgSѓS”

RџRµSЂRµR»S–Rye RIRёRgR°RЅSЊ, SЏRyeS– RIRёR№S€R»Rё R·R° S‡R°SЃS–RI RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– S– SЏRyeS– RgR°SЋS‚SЊ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RїS–R·RЅR°S‚Rё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RЅR°S€RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI, RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… R»SЋRgRµR№ S– SЏRIRёS‰. R† SЏRyeS– SЂRѕR±R»SЏS‚SЊ S†Rµ R· SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRI. RџRµRIRЅS–, S‰Rѕ S‡R°SЃ, RIRёS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ RЅR° S‡RёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅRµ R±SѓRgRµ RIS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёRј.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–. RќR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RyeRѕRЅS‚RёRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– vЂ” RЅR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RѕR±RѕS… RђRјRµSЂRёRye S‚R° RђRISЃS‚SЂR°R»S–S—. RўR°RyeRёRј S” RїS–RgSЃSѓRјRѕRye RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– 28-S— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё. RЇRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R·RјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј SЂRѕRyeS–RI RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–? R§RѕRјSѓ RјRё RIRїSЂRёS‚SѓR» RЅRµ RїRѕRјS–S‡R°S”RјRѕ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° vЂ” RЅRµ RЈRiR°RЅRgR°!?

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?

RћRјRµR»SЏRЅ RљRѕRIS‡ vЂ” SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRye, RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚ S‚R° RїSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye

"RљRѕRIS‡, SЏRyeRёR№ RgRѕSЃRyeRѕRЅR°R»Rѕ R·RЅR°RI RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ, RyeSЂRёRyeRЅSѓRI RgRѕ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI, S‰RѕR± RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RgRѕ SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– RѕRЅS–RјS–R»Rё RIS–Rg R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S– RїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ, R° RѕS‚RµS†SЊ RyeRёRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RIRёRЅRѕSЃRёS‚Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ S–R· RїR°R»R°SЋS‡RѕS— SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RЎRµSЂRµRg S–RЅS€RёS…, SЏRyeRёS… RISЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°RI Rѕ. RљRѕRIS‡, R±SѓRI SЂR°R±RёRЅ Rј. R‘RµR»R· RђR°SЂRѕRЅ R RѕRyeRµR°S…".