RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

"R?R· RќRљR’R” RI RЎRЎ Rё RѕR±SЂR°S‚RЅRѕ". RќRµR№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RђRIRµRЅS–SЂR° R‘RµRЅRЅS–RiSЃRµRЅR°

"R RёSЃSѓSЋS‚ RЅRµRјS†RµRI SЃR°RgRёSЃS‚R°RјRё? RќRµS‚! RћRЅRё RЅRµ SЃR°RgRёSЃS‚S‹, SЌS‚Rѕ RiRѕSЂR°R·RgRѕ S…SѓR¶Rµ. RћR±SЂR°R· RISЂR°RiR°, RyeRѕS‚RѕSЂS‹R№ SЃRѕR·RgR°R»Rё RI R»RёS†Rµ RЅRµRјS†RµRI, RЅRµ RgRѕS‚SЏRЅSѓR» RgRѕ RЅR°SЃS‚RѕSЏS‰RµRiRѕ. RќR°SЃS‚RѕSЏS‰RёR№ RЅRµRјRµS† S…SѓR¶Rµ RI 100 SЂR°R·, R±S‹R» SЃS‚SЂR°S€RЅRµRµ RїRѕS‚RѕRјSѓ, S‡S‚Rѕ RѕRЅ RЅRµ R±S‹R» SЃR°RgRёSЃS‚RѕRј, RЅRѕ RѕRЅ R±S‹R» RїRѕSЃR»SѓS€RЅS‹Rј SЂRѕR±RѕS‚RѕRјvЂ¦ R’S‹ RЅRµ R·RЅR°RµS‚Rµ, S‡S‚Rѕ S‚R°RyeRѕRµ RЅRµRјRµS†!".

R©Rѕ S‡RёS‚R°S”RјRѕ? R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye RђSЂRѕRЅ RЁRЅRµS”SЂ, RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ SЏRye R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RgRIRѕS‚RѕRјRЅRёRyeR° "RџRѕR»RѕRЅ", R·R°RїRёSЃR°RI 20 RiRѕRgRёRЅ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgRµR№ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRЅRёRyeR°, SЏRyeRёR№ RISЃSЋ RIS–R№RЅSѓ RїSЂRѕSЃR»SѓR¶RёRI Sѓ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°S… RЎRЎ RїS–Rg S–RјRµRЅRµRј RђRIRµRЅS–SЂR° R‘RµRЅRЅS–RiSЃRµRЅR°. R— RgRѕRIRiRёS… SЂRѕR·RјRѕRI R· "RђR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂRѕRј RџRµS‚SЂRѕRIRёS‡RµRј R§RµR»RёRgR·Rµ", RIS–RЅ S‚R°Rye RїRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRёRI R·RIRµSЂS‚R°S‚RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ, R№ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёR»R°SЃSЏ RyeRЅRёRiR° "R?R· RќRљR’R” RI RЎRЎ Rё RѕR±SЂR°S‚RЅRѕ" (RњRѕSЃRyeRIR°, RIRёRgR°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ "RџR°SЂR°R»R»RµR»Rё", 2005).

R©Rѕ S†S–RyeR°RIRѕRiRѕ? RќR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ RiRµSЂRѕR№ RyeRЅRёRiRё Sѓ 1912 SЂ. Sѓ R RѕSЃS–S—, RјR°RI RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕ-SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-RiSЂSѓR·RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ. RџSЂR°RїSЂR°RgS–Rg R№RѕRiRѕ RјR°S‚RµSЂS– – S‚RѕR№ SЃR°RјRёR№ R‘RµRЅRЅS–RiSЃRµRЅ, SЏRyeRёR№ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R’S–S‚S‡RёR·RЅSЏRЅRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё 1812 SЂ. R±SѓRI RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeRѕRј RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ S€S‚R°R±Sѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S—. R‘R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ SЃRёRјRїR°S‚RёR·SѓRIR°RI R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°Rј, RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏRI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ. RљS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂRѕRgRёS‡S–RI RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»Rё RI R§Rљ, RgSЏRgSЊRyeRѕ RѕS‡RѕR»SЋRIR°RI R§Rљ R“RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё RЅR° RџS–RIRЅS–S‡RЅRѕRјSѓ RљR°RIRyeR°R·S–. R— RgRёS‚RёRЅSЃS‚RIR° R·RЅR°RI RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚R° R’RѕSЂRѕS€RёR»RѕRIR°, RњRёS…R°R№R»R° R¤SЂSѓRЅR·Rµ, R›RµRIR° RўSЂRѕS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RђRIRµR»SЏ R„RЅSѓRyeS–RgR·Rµ, S–RЅS€RёS… RIRёRgR°S‚RЅRёS… RgS–SЏS‡S–RI R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S—.

R—SЂRѕR±S–RјRѕ R·SѓRїRёRЅRyeSѓ. RћSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё S–Rј’SЏ RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°S‡R° RЅR°Rј R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RЅRµ RЅR°R·RёRIR°S” (RIRёRiR»SЏRgR°S”, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ S– SЃR°Rј RЅRµ R·RЅR°RI) RgRµSЏRyeS– S‡RёS‚R°S‡S– RIS‡RµRїRёR»RёSЃSЏ R·R° S†SЋ RЅRёS‚RѕS‡RyeSѓ. RђRgR¶Rµ RЅRёRЅS–, RgSЏRyeSѓSЋS‡Rё GooglRѕRIS–, RјRѕR¶RЅR° RgS–R·RЅR°S‚RёSЃSЊ S– RЅRµ S‚R°RyeS– RgSЂS–R±RЅRёS†S– SЏRye S–RјRµRЅR° S„SѓRЅRyeS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂS–RI SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±.

RўR°Rye, RѕSЃSЊ – RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚R° R“RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё Sѓ 1921-1922 SЂSЂ. R·RIR°R»Rё RGSѓSЃRyeS–RIR°RgR·Rµ RљSЂRѕRЅS–Rg RЎRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RѕRIRёS‡ – S‚R°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ SЏRye S– RgSЏRgSЊRyeR° RiRµSЂRѕSЏ RyeRЅRёRiRё. RџRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RёR№ RїRѕS€SѓRye RIRёRIRѕRgRёS‚SЊ RЅR° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјSѓR»SЊS‚RёRїR»S–RyeR°S‚RѕSЂR°, RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅRёRyeR° R“SЂSѓR·S–S— RђRIRµRЅS–SЂR° RGSѓSЃRyeS–RIR°RgR·Rµ, SЏRyeRёR№ R±SѓRI R°RIS‚RѕSЂRѕRј RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅRёS… RјSѓR»SЊS‚S„S–R»SЊRјS–RI SЏRye-RѕS‚ "RџSЂRёRyeR»SЋS‡RµRЅRёSЏ RЎR°RјRѕRgRµR»RyeRёRЅR°" S‚R° "RЎRIR°RgSЊR±R° SЃRѕRµRye".

RЎSѓRgSЏS‡Rё R· SѓSЃSЊRѕRiRѕ, SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRЅRёRye S– S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅRёRye-RјSѓR»SЊS‚RёRїR»S–RyeR°S‚RѕSЂ, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅR°RјR°R»SЋRIR°RI, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°, S– S†RµR№ RјSѓR»SЊS‚S„S–R»SЊRј "RЎRIR°RgSЊR±R° SЃRѕRµRye" (1957) - S†Rµ RѕRgRЅR° S– S‚R° SЃR°RјR° R»SЋRgRёRЅR°

RђRIRµRЅS–SЂ-SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRЅRёRye S‚RµR¶ RgRѕR±SЂRµ RјR°R»SЋRIR°RI – RIS‡RёRISЃSЏ RЅR° S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅRёRyeR° RI RўR±S–R»S–SЃS– S‚R° R›RµRЅS–RЅRiSЂR°RgS–. RћS‚R¶Rµ, RIRµSЂSЃS–SЏ, S‰Rѕ RђRIRµRЅS–SЂ RGSѓSЃRyeS–RIR°RgR·Rµ S‚R° RђRIRµRЅS–SЂ R‘RµRЅRЅS–RiSЃRµRЅ – S†Rµ RѕRgRЅR° R№ S‚R° SЃR°RјR° R»SЋRgRёRЅR°, RјR°R№R¶Rµ RgRѕRIRµRgRµRЅR°.

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°S‡R° RgRѕRIRѕR»S– S‚RёRїRѕRIR° RgR»SЏ S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚S–RI S‚S–S”S— RgRѕR±Rё. R’ 1934 SЂ. SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚R° RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rё RI RѕR±RyeRѕRј RyeRѕRјSЃRѕRјRѕR»Sѓ S– R·SЂRѕR±RёR»Rё RїSЂRѕRїRѕR·RёS†S–SЋ, RIS–Rg SЏRyeRѕS— RЅRµ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRјRѕRIR»SЏS‚RёSЃSЏ. RџRѕS‡RёRЅR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°RIS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ RI R“RџRЈ – "RѕS‚ S€RёS„SЂRѕRIR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRµR»R° RgRѕ SѓRјRµRЅRёSЏ RyeRёRgR°S‚SЊ RЅRѕR¶, S…RѕS‚SЏ RЅR°SЃS‚RѕSЏS‰RµRјSѓ SЂR°R·RIRµRgS‡RёRyeSѓ SЌS‚Rѕ RЅRµ RЅSѓR¶RЅRѕ… SЂR°SЃSЃRyeR°R·S‹RIR°R»Rё RјRЅRµ, S‡S‚Rѕ S‚R°RyeRѕRµ R“RµSЂRјR°RЅRёSЏ, S‡RёS‚R°R»Rё RЅRµRјRµS†RyeRёRµ RiR°R·RµS‚S‹, RїRѕRyeR°R·S‹RIR°R»Rё RЅRµRјRµS†RyeRёRµ RiRѕSЂRѕRgR°…RiR»R°RIRЅRѕRµ, SѓRјRµRЅRёSЋ SЂR°R±RѕS‚R°S‚SЊ SЃ R»SЋRgSЊRјRё".

RќR° S–RЅRgRёRIS–RgSѓR°R»SЊRЅRёS… R·R°RЅSЏS‚S‚SЏS… RјRѕR»RѕRgRѕRјSѓ S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚Sѓ RIS–RgRgR°RIR°R»Rё SЃRIS–R№ S‡R°SЃ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeRё SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё – RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ RЁRїS–RiRµR»SЊRiR»R°SЃ, RђSЂS‚SѓSЂ RђSЂS‚SѓR·RѕRI, RђRЅR°S‚RѕR»S–R№ RџSѓR·RёS†SЊRyeRёR№. RњS–R¶ S–RЅS€RёRј, RI RyeS–RЅS†S– 30-S…, RїS–SЃR»SЏ S‡RёSЃS‚RyeRё RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR°, "RѕSЂRiR°RЅRё" RїRµSЂRµR№S€R»Rё RIS–Rg S–RЅRgRїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIRyeRё RgRѕ R·R°RЅSЏS‚SЊ Sѓ RiSЂSѓRїR°S…. R’S–RgS‚R°Rye RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅS– RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»Rё RїRµSЂRµR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёR»RёSЃSЏ RјS–R¶ SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ, R·RiRѕRgRѕRј S†Rµ RїSЂRёR·RIRµR»Rѕ RgRѕ RЅRёR·RyeRё RїSЂRѕRIR°R»S–RI.

R“R°R»RёS‡R°RЅRё RI R†SЃRїR°RЅS–S—. RЇRye SЂRѕS‚R° S–RјRµRЅS– RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR° R· S„R°S€RёSЃS‚R°RјRё RIRѕSЋRIR°R»R°

"R›SѓS‡S€R°SЏ R»RµRiRµRЅRgR° – SЌS‚Rѕ RїSЂR°RIRgR°". R’ 1936-RјSѓ RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ RIS–R№RЅR° RI R†SЃRїR°RЅS–S— S– S‚SѓS‚ RI RќRљR’R” R·RiR°RgR°R»Rё, RїSЂRѕ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RiS–R»RyeSѓ R‘RµRЅRЅS–RiSЃRµRЅS–RI, SЏRyeS– RgRѕ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»Rё RgRѕR±SЂS– SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRЅRyeRё R· RyeR°RIRyeR°R·SЊRyeRёRјRё SЂRѕRgR°RyeR°RјRё.

R RѕR·RIS–RgRЅRёRyeR° RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»SЏSЋS‚SЊ "RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»SЊS†RµRј" RI RѕRgRЅSѓ R· S–RЅS‚RµSЂR±SЂRёRiR°Rg, RgRµ RIS–RЅ S– "RgS–R·RЅR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ", S‰Rѕ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R»RёS…RѕRIS–SЃRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ R№RѕRiRѕ R±R°S‚SЊRyeRё SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃRѕRIR°RЅS–. RћRgRЅS–S”S— RЅRѕS‡S– S—S… R·R°R±SЂR°RI "S‡RѕSЂRЅRёR№ RIRѕSЂRѕRЅRѕRye" S–.. RIS–RgRIS–R· R¶RёS‚Rё RЅR° R”R°R»RµRyeRёR№ RЎS…S–Rg – "RyeS‚Rѕ R±SѓRgRµS‚ RёRЅS‚RµSЂRµSЃRѕRIR°S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RyeSѓRgR° RI 37-Rј RiRѕRgSѓ RgRµRIR°R»SЃSЏ R·R°RјRЅR°SЂRyeRѕRјR° [R·RµRјR»RµRgRµR»RёSЏ]".

RћS‚R¶Rµ, SЃRёRЅSѓ "RIRѕSЂRѕRiS–RI RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ" RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R»RёS€R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ SЏRye R±S–RiS‚Rё RgRѕ S„SЂR°RЅRyeS–SЃS‚S–RI, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј S– RgRѕ RЅS–RјS†S–RI. R‘R°RIR°SЂSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕRgRёS‡S– R· SЂR°RgS–SЃS‚SЋ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏR»Rё RIS‚S–RyeR°S‡R° S–, RѕSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RјR°R»Rё RIR°RiSѓ RI SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS–, RїS–RgS‚RIRµSЂRgRёR»Rё "RyeRѕRјSѓ S‚SЂRµR±R°", S‰Rѕ S†Rµ S—S…RЅS–R№ RїR»RµRјS–RЅRЅRёRye – "RїSЂRёRЅRёRјR°R»Rё RјRµRЅSЏ, RyeR°Rye SЃRїR°SЃS‘RЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RёR· R°RgR°".

R’R»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1937 SЂ. R‘RµRЅRЅS–RiSЃRµRЅ RїRѕRgR°S” SЂR°RїRѕSЂS‚ RїSЂRѕ R·R°SЂR°S…SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ Sѓ R·R±SЂRѕR№RЅS– SЃRёR»Rё. R™RѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂSЏSЋS‚SЊ S– RїRµSЂRµRIRѕRgSЏS‚SЊ RI R†SЃRїR°RЅS–SЋ, R·RIS–RgRyeRё R№ RIS‚S–Rye, Sѓ S‚R°RЅRyeRѕRISѓ RiSЂSѓRїSѓ. R—RIS–RgS‚Rё R·RЅRѕRISѓ Sѓ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅSѓ, RgRµ R· SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RѕS„S–S†RµSЂR° RїSЂRёSЃRyeRѕSЂRµRЅRёRјRё S‚RµRјRїR°RјRё SЂRѕR±R»SЏS‚SЊ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ: "RyeRѕR»R»RµRiRё RјRµRЅSЏ R¶R°R»RµR»Rё Rё RѕS‚RЅRѕSЃRёR»RёSЃSЊ SЃ SЃRёRјRїR°S‚RёRµR№, RyeR°Rye Rye S‡RµR»RѕRIRµRyeSѓ, RyeRѕS‚RѕSЂS‹R№ 20 R»RµS‚ SЃ R»RёS€RЅRёRј RIS‹RЅSѓR¶RgRµRЅ R±S‹R» R¶RёS‚SЊ Sѓ S‡S‘SЂS‚R° RI R»R°RїR°S…".

"1-R°SЏ R SѓSЃSЃRyeR°SЏ R±SЂRёRiR°RgR° RЎRЎ "R”SЂSѓR¶RёRЅR°". RЇRye SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS– RЅR°S†S– SЃS‚R°R»Rё R°RЅS‚RёS„R°S€RёSЃS‚R°RјRё"

R’ 1939-RјSѓ RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»R° SЃRyeRµSЂRѕRISѓSЋS‚SЊ RgR»SЏ RїSЂRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё RI S‚R°RЅRyeRѕRIRёR№ R±R°S‚R°R»SЊR№RѕRЅ RЎRЎ RgRёRIS–R·S–S— "RђRgRѕR»SЊS„ R“S–S‚R»RµSЂ". R‘SЂR°RI SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№ S‚R° S„SЂR°RЅS†SѓR·SЊRyeS–R№ RyeR°RјRїR°RЅS–SЏS…, R±SѓRI S‚SЂRёS‡S– RїRѕSЂR°RЅRµRЅRёR№. R—R°RiR°R»RѕRј R·R° SЃS–Rј SЂRѕRyeS–RI Sѓ RјSѓRЅRgRёSЂS– RµSЃRµSЃRјR°RЅR° RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RgRIR° R—R°R»S–R·RЅRёS… RGSЂRµSЃS‚Rё R† S‚R° R†R† SЃS‚SѓRїRµRЅS–RI, RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS” R·RIR°RЅRЅSЏ – S€S‚SѓSЂRјR±R°RЅS„SЋSЂRµSЂ RЎRЎ.

R§RµRyeS–SЃS‚ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIRёSЃRѕRyeRѕ S†S–RЅSѓS” RѕS„S–S†RµSЂSЃSЊRyeS– S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–S— RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S—, RIS–RgSЃSѓS‚RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RgS–RgS–RIS‰RёRЅRё, RїRѕRIR°RiSѓ RgRѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RёS… RѕS„S–S†RµSЂS–RI R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»S–RI. "RљRѕRiRgR° RџR°SѓR»SЋSЃ RѕRyeR°R·R°R»SЃSЏ RI RyeRѕR»SЊS†Rµ Rё RїRµSЂRµS€S‘R» RЅR° RyeRѕRЅRёRЅSѓ Rё RgRIRµ RyeR°SЂS‚RѕS€RyeRё, S‚Rѕ RјRЅRѕRiRёRµ RЅRµRјRµS†RyeRёRµ RѕS„RёS†RµSЂS‹ RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµS€R»Rё RЅR° S‚R°RyeRѕR№ R¶Rµ RїR°S‘Rye RgRѕ RyeR°RїRёS‚SѓR»SЏS†RёRё RI RЎS‚R°R»RёRЅRiSЂR°RgRµ. RџSЂRёRyeR°R·R° RЅR° SЌS‚RѕS‚ SЃS‡S‘S‚ RЅRµ R±S‹R»Rѕ, R±RѕR»RµRµ S‚RѕRiRѕ, RЅR° S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Rµ R·R°RїSЂRµS‚RёR»Rё RїRѕRgRѕR±RЅS‹R№ S€R°Ri. RћRgRЅR°RyeRѕ SЌS‚Rѕ SЃS‡RёS‚R°R»RѕSЃSЊ RїSЂRѕSЏRIR»RµRЅRёRµRј SЂS‹S†R°SЂSЃS‚RIR° Rё RyeRѕR»R»RµRiRёR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё RїRѕ RѕS‚RЅRѕS€RµRЅRёSЋ Rye SЃRIRѕRёRј S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS‰R°Rј S‚R°Rј".

R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgRёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeR° R»RёSЃS‚S–RIRyeR°

R—R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЃR»RѕRIR°RјRё, RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RIS–R№RЅRё RЅS–RјS†S– RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёR»Rё RѕS„S–S†RµSЂS–RI Sѓ 18 SЂR°R·S–RI RјRµRЅS€Rµ, RЅS–R¶ R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅR° RђSЂRјS–SЏ.

"RџRѕS‡RµRјSѓ R RѕRyeRѕSЃSЃRѕRISЃRyeRёR№ RIS‹RgRµR»SЏR»SЃSЏ? RњR°S‚RѕRј RЅRµ SЂSѓRiR°R»SЃSЏ. R—R° RѕRgRЅRѕ SЌS‚Rѕ RµRiRѕ SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S‹ R»SЋR±RёR»Rё. Rђ RљRѕRЅRµRI, RѕRЅ R¶Rµ RyeSЂRѕRјRµ RјR°S‚R° Rё RїR°R»RyeRѕR№ RїSЂRѕS…R°R¶RёRIR°R»SЃSЏ. R”R° RµSЃR»Rё R±S‹ RЅRµRјRµS†RyeRёR№ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R», S„RµR»SЊRgRјR°SЂS€R°R», SЃR°Rј R‘SЂR°SѓS…RёS‡, R·R°RјR°S…RЅSѓR»SЃSЏ R±S‹ RЅR° RЅRµRјRµS†RyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRЅS‚RµSЂ-RѕS„RёS†RµSЂR°, RЅRµ S‚Rѕ S‡S‚Rѕ R»RµR№S‚RµRЅR°RЅS‚R°… RўRѕS‚ R±S‹ RgRѕSЃS‚R°R» RїRёSЃS‚RѕR»RµS‚ Rё RїSЂRёSЃS‚SЂRµR»RёR» R±S‹ RµRiRѕ. R? SЃSѓRg S‡RµSЃS‚Rё RѕRїSЂR°RIRgR°R» R±S‹".

R‘RµRЅRЅS–RiSЃRµRЅ RIRIR°R¶R°S”, S‰Rѕ RЅRµRїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЋRIR°RЅR° R· S–RЅS€RёRјRё RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°RјRё R¶RѕSЂSЃS‚RѕRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚S–RI RgRѕ RјRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»R° SЃRїSЂRѕRIRѕRyeRѕRIR°RЅR° RgS–SЏRјRё RgRёRIRµSЂSЃR°RЅS‚S–RI R·S– SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R± – "R§S‚Rѕ, RїR°SЂS‚RёR·R°RЅSЃRyeRѕRµ RgRIRёR¶RµRЅRёRµ SЃR°RјRѕ RЅR°S‡R°R»RѕSЃSЊ? RЎRїSЂRѕRIRѕS†RёSЂRѕRIR°R»Rё, R° RЅRµRјS†S‹ RїRѕRїR°R»RёSЃSЊ…".

1939-1945: RќRµRїRёSЃR°RЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ. R RѕR·RyeR°R¶S–S‚SЊ, SЏRye RIR°S€R° SЂRѕRgRёRЅR° RїRµSЂRµR¶RёR»R° R”SЂSѓRiSѓ SЃRIS–S‚RѕRISѓ

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RyeRѕRјS–SЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ Sѓ R·RI’SЏR·RyeSѓ R· RIR°R¶RyeRёRј RїRѕSЂR°RЅRµRЅRЅSЏRј SЏRye S–SЃS‚RёR№ R°SЂS–S”S†SЊ RїRѕRgR°S” RїSЂRѕS…R°RЅRЅSЏ SЃRyeRµSЂSѓRIR°S‚Rё R№RѕRiRѕ S…RѕS‡ Sѓ S‚RёR»RѕRISѓ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅSѓ, R°R±Rё RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚Rё RgR»SЏ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiRё R R°R№S…Sѓ.

RЈ R»SЋS‚RѕRјSѓ 41-RiRѕ R·R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRѕSЋ R°SЂRёSЃS‚RѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… SЂRѕRgRёS‡S–RI R·RЅR°S…RѕRgSЏS‚SЊ R±S–R»SЊS€-RјRµRЅS€ S‚RµRїR»Rµ RјS–SЃS‚RµS‡RyeRѕ – Sѓ R RµRiRµRЅSЃR±SѓSЂR·S–, RgRµ R±SѓRI R·R°RIRѕRg R· RIRёSЂRѕR±RЅRёS†S‚RIR° R»S–S‚R°RyeS–RI "RњRµSЃRµSЂS€RјS–RgS‚", SЏRyeRёR№ S‰Rµ RјR°RI S„S–R»S–SЋ Sѓ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂS– R¤R»RѕSЃRµRЅR±SѓSЂRi.

R‘RµRЅRЅS–RiSЃRµRЅ SЃS‚R°S” R°SЂR±R°R№S‚SЃRgS–RЅR»SЏR№S‚RµSЂRѕRј – RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRёRј R·R° RЅR°R±S–SЂ SЂRѕR±RѕS‡RѕS— SЃRёR»Rё RЅR° RЎS…RѕRgS–, S†Rµ RgR°RIR°R»Rѕ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµSЃSѓRIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ, RI S‚RѕRјSѓ S‡RёSЃR»S– RїRѕ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°S… S– RѕRyeSѓRїRѕRIR°RЅRёS… S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЏS… RЎR RЎR  – "S‚RµRїRµSЂSЊ SЏ SЃRѕRIRµSЂS€RµRЅRЅRѕ SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgRЅRѕ SЃRѕRIR°R» RЅRѕSЃ RI R»SЋR±RѕRµ RIRѕRµRЅRЅRѕRµ RїSЂRѕRёR·RIRѕRgSЃS‚RIRѕ RїRѕS‚RѕRјSѓ, S‡S‚Rѕ SЃR°RјRѕR»S‘S‚Sѓ RЅSѓR¶RЅRѕ RISЃS‘".

R’RµSЃSЊ R·RISЏR·RѕRye S–R· "RIRµR»RёRyeRѕSЋ R·RµRјR»RµSЋ" R·R° Rї’SЏS‚SЊ SЂRѕRyeS–RI RIS–R№RЅRё, RyeRѕR»Rё RIS–RЅ RЅRѕSЃRёRI RµSЃRµSЃS–RISЃSЊRyeS– SЂSѓRЅRё – S†Rµ R±SѓRyeRIR°R»SЊRЅRѕ 6-7 RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚S–RI. RќR° RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ – S‡Rё RЅRµ RјR°R»Rѕ, RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°S” – S†RµRЅS‚SЂ S‚R°Rye RЅRµ RIRIR°R¶R°RI.

RђRIS‚RѕSЂ RyeRЅRёRiRё, RїRѕSЂS‚SЂRµS‚S–RI RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RiRµSЂRѕSЏ RЅR°SЂR°R·S– RЅRµ R·RЅR°R№S‚Rё

R’ RiSЂSѓRgRЅS– 44-RiRѕ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ Sѓ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ, Sѓ R’R°S„S„RµRЅ RЎRЎ ("SЌS‚Rѕ RїRѕRyeSЂS‹RIS€RёRµ SЃRµR±SЏ SЃR»R°RIRѕR№ R±RѕRµRIS‹Rµ S‡R°SЃS‚Rё, R° RѕS…SЂR°RЅRЅS‹Rµ – "RјS‘SЂS‚RIR°SЏ RiRѕR»RѕRIR°" Rё RyeR°SЂR°S‚RµR»Rё – S‡R°SЃS‚Rё, RїRѕRyeSЂS‹RIS€RёRµ SЃRµR±SЏ RїRѕR·RѕSЂRѕRј Rё R±RµSЃSЃR»R°RIRёRµRј"), SЏRye RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»RµS†SЊ, S…RѕS‡ RјS–Ri S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RЅRµ SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё, R±Rѕ R±SѓRI RIRѕS”RЅRЅRёRј S–RЅRIR°R»S–RgRѕRј.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI Sѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RјS–SЃS–S— R· SЂRµRµRIR°RyeSѓR°S†S–S— RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅ RЎR RЎR , RIRёRyeRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI "RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIS– RgRѕSЂSѓS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ" RїR°SЂS‚S–S— S‚R° SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–S— S‚R° R‘RµR»SЊRiS–S—.

R RѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°S” SЃS‚SЂR°S€RЅS– SЂRµS‡S–. RЎRyeR°R¶S–RјRѕ, S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RI RѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ R· SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЂRµRїR°S‚SЂS–R°S†S–R№RЅRёS… S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–RI – R‘R°SѓS†RµRЅS– – R· RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ RїRѕ RiSЂSѓRgRµRЅSЊ 1945 SЂ. R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rё 2,5 S‚RёSЃ. RѕSЃS–R± – "RЎRIRѕRgRёR»Rё SЃS‡S‘S‚S‹… RЈR±RёRIR°R»Rё R±S‹RIS€RёS… RїRѕR»RёS†R°RµRI, RїRѕRIR°SЂRѕRI, S‚RµS…, RyeS‚Rѕ RёRјRµR» RјR°R»RµR№S€RµRµ RѕS‚RЅRѕS€RµRЅRёRµ Rye RgRµR»S‘R¶RyeRµ RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIRѕR»SЊSЃS‚RIRёSЏ RI RЅRµRјRµS†RyeRёS… R»R°RiRµSЂSЏS…… RќR°S…RѕRgRёR»Rё S‚RѕR»SЊRyeRѕ S‚SЂSѓRїS‹. Rђ RyeS‚Rѕ SѓR±RёR», RёSЃRyeR°S‚SЊ R±RµSЃRїRѕR»RµR·RЅRѕ. R’ RјRёRi SЃRѕR±SЂR°R»R°SЃSЊ S‚RѕR»RїR°: SЂR°SЃS‚RµSЂR·R°R»Rё, SЂR°R·R±RµR¶R°R»RёSЃSЊ…".

R”RµSЏRyeS– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgRё S‚R° RѕRїSЂRёR»SЋRgRЅRµRЅS– SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRЅRёRyeRѕRј S„R°RyeS‚Rё RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±SѓSЋS‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂRyeRё.

RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RљSѓR·RЅS”S†RѕRI, RIS–RЅ R¶Rµ RџR°SѓR»SЊ R—S–R±RµSЂS‚. RџRѕSЃRјRµSЂS‚RЅR° RgRѕR»SЏ R°RiRµRЅS‚R° "RџSѓS…R°"

RЇRyeS‰Rѕ R·’SЏSЃSѓRIR°S‚Rё, S‡Rё SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЅS–SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё RљSѓR·RЅS”S†RѕRIR° RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ, R° R±SѓRI RїSЂSѓSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgRIRѕSЂSЏRЅRёRЅ-R°RЅS‚RёS„R°S€RёSЃS‚ RџR°SѓR»SЊ R—S–R±RµSЂS‚, RїRѕRyeRё RЅRµ RјRѕR¶RЅR° – R¤RЎR‘ RЅR°RgRѕRIRiRѕ R·R°SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚RёR»Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RgRѕSЃSЊS”, S‚Rѕ S–RЅS€R° RyeSЂR°SЃRёRIR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ – RїSЂRѕ S„SЂR°RЅS†SѓR·SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»R° RњRѕSЂS–SЃR° R–R°RЅRµRЅR° – R»RµRiRyeRѕ RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂSЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ. RћS„S–S†RµSЂ, SЏRyeRёR№ RIRёRgR°RI RµSЃRµSЂR°Rј R°RgRјS–SЂR°R»R° RљRѕR»S‡R°RyeR° RЅRµ RЅR°RyeR»R°RI RЅR° SЃRµR±Rµ SЂSѓRyeRё, RЅS–R±Rё RЅRµ RIRёS‚SЂRёRјR°RIS€Rё RѕR±SЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS†S–S— S‚R° R·RЅRµRIR°RiRё, R° RїRѕRјRµSЂ SЃRIRѕS”SЋ SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЋ R°R¶ Sѓ 1946 SЂ. RњRµRјSѓR°SЂRё S†S–RyeR°RIS–, R°R»Rµ S†Rµ RЅRµ SЃRyeR°SЃRѕRISѓS” RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂSЏS‚Rё S„R°RyeS‚Rё.

RџRѕRIRµSЂS‚R°S”RјRѕSЃSЊ RgRѕ R·RјS–SЃS‚Sѓ RyeRЅRёRiRё. RЈ RyeS–RЅS†S– RIS–R№RЅRё RјR°SЃRѕRIRѕ R·RgR°RIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RI RїRѕR»RѕRЅ S‚S–, S…S‚Rѕ RI SЃRёR»Sѓ SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёRI Sѓ RIR»R°SЃRѕRISЃSЊRyeS–, RyeRѕR·R°S‡S– S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё. R‡S…, RЅR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅSѓ, RIS–Rg RЅS–RјS†S–RI RјR°SЃRѕRIRѕ SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЋRIR°R»Rё, RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅRµ RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»SЏSЋS‡Rё RI S‚R°R±RѕSЂRё. RўS–R»SЊRyeRё RI R·RѕRЅS– RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R† RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ R·R° RїS–RISЂRѕRyeSѓ RgRѕ RїR°RgS–RЅRЅSЏ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R»S–RyeRIS–RgRѕRIR°RЅRѕ "RїSЂRё RїRѕRїS‹S‚RyeRµ Rye R±RµRiSЃS‚RISѓ", S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ R±RµR·SЃSѓRgRЅRѕ – 17 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RѕSЃS–R±. Rђ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚S–RI SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё R±SѓR»Rѕ?..

RћRgRЅR° S–R· RiR°R·RµS‚, SЏRyeR° R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°R»R° "SЃRїS–RIRIS–S‚S‡RёR·RЅRёRyeS–RI" RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓS‚RёSЃSЊ RЅR° SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅSѓ, RѕR±S–S†SЏSЋS‡Rё S—Rј "R·RѕR»RѕS‚S– RiRѕSЂRё", R° RЅRµ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂRё - SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS–

RЎRїRµS†RёS„S–RyeR° SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Rё R· RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–RјRё RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅR°RјRё R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–RјRїRµSЂS–S— RIS–RgSЂS–R·RЅSЏR»R°SЃSЊ RIS–Rg RyeRѕRЅRIRµS”SЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RЅR° SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅSѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅ. "RњS‹ RIRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRѕRI S‚RёRїR°: S‡RµRј SЂRѕRgRёS‚RµR»Rё R·R°RЅRёRјR°R»RёSЃSЊ RgRѕ 17-RiRѕ RiRѕRgR° – RЅRµ R·R°RgR°RIR°R»Rё. RњS‹ S†RµR»RѕRIR°R»Rё, RѕR±RЅRёRјR°R»Rё Rё RїRѕR¶RёRјR°R»Rё SЂSѓRyeRё (R· RїRѕSЃRјS–S€RyeRѕSЋ). R’RѕRїSЂRѕSЃS‹ R·R°RgR°RIR°R»Rё RЅR° SЃRIRѕRµR№ S‚RµSЂSЂRёS‚RѕSЂRёRё, S‚Rѕ RµSЃS‚SЊ SѓR¶Rµ RI SЃRIRѕRµR№ RѕRyeRyeSѓRїR°S†RёRѕRЅRЅRѕR№ R·RѕRЅRµ Rё RgR°R»RµRµ. Rђ R·RgRµSЃSЊ, RiRѕR»SѓR±S‡RёRye S‚S‹ RјRѕR№, RyeR°Rye S‚RIRѕS‘ R·RgRѕSЂRѕRISЊRµ? RљSѓRgR° S…RѕS‡RµS€SЊ RµS…R°S‚SЊ? RљR°RyeRёRµ RїSЂRѕRIRµSЂRyeRё SЃRµR№S‡R°SЃ? R’RѕR№RЅR° RyeRѕRЅS‡RёR»R°SЃSЊ". R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·R°RјR°RЅRёS‚Rё RµRјS–RiSЂR°RЅS‚S–RI RI S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёR№ SЃRµRyeS‚RѕSЂ. R”R°R»S– RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїR°R»R° S‡RµSЂRiR° RyeRѕR»RµRi "SЃ S‡RёSЃS‚S‹RјRё SЂSѓRyeR°RјRё"…

R›RѕRiS–RyeR° RI SЂRѕR±RѕS‚S– "RµRIR°RyeSѓR°S‚RѕSЂS–RI" RЅRµ R·R°RIR¶RgRё R±SѓR»R° RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅSЏ – "RўRѕS‚, RyeS‚Rѕ RIRyeR°R»S‹RIR°R» RgRѕR±SЂRѕSЃRѕRIRµSЃS‚RЅRѕ RЅR° RЅRµRјRµS†RyeRѕRј RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅRЅRѕRј R·R°RIRѕRgRµ, SЃRїRѕRyeRѕR№RЅRѕ RїSЂRѕS…RѕRgRёR» RїSЂRѕRIRµSЂRyeSѓ, R° RЅRµRїRѕRyeRѕSЂRЅS‹R№ R±RµRiR»RµS† RјRѕRi R·R°RiSЂRµRјRµS‚SЊ, RyeR°Rye S‡RµR»RѕRIRµRye RїRѕRgRѕR·SЂRёS‚RµR»SЊRЅS‹R№, RI SЃSЃS‹R»RyeSѓ, R° S‚Rѕ Rё RI R»R°RiRµSЂSЊ R»RµS‚ RЅR° RїSЏS‚SЊ, RI R»SѓS‡S€RµRј SЃR»SѓS‡R°Rµ".

RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 50-S… R‘RµRЅRЅS–RiSЃRµRЅ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI Sѓ R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–S— RїS–Rg RїSЂRёRyeSЂRёS‚S‚SЏRј SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Rё S‚RѕSЂRiRѕRIRёRј R°S‚R°S€Rµ.

RќR°S‚SЏRyeR°S”, S‰Rѕ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚S–RI RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёS… R—R±RѕSЂS–RI RїSЂRѕRЅRёRyeR»R°SЃSЏ R»SЋR±RѕRISЋ RgRѕ R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ RЅRµ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ S‚R°Rye – "R·R»S‹Rµ SЏR·S‹RyeRё RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЏS‚, S‡S‚Rѕ R·R° RgRѕR»R»R°SЂS‹, RЅRµRyeRѕS‚RѕSЂS‹Rµ – R·R° R·RѕR»RѕS‚S‹Rµ RїR»R°SЃS‚RёRЅS‹… R’ SЌS‚Rё 50-60-Rµ RiRѕRgS‹ RѕSЃS‚R°RIR°R»RѕSЃSЊ [SЃRѕ RISЂRµRјS‘RЅ RIRѕR№RЅS‹] SЃR»RёS€RyeRѕRј RјRЅRѕRiRѕ RёSЃRyeSЂRµRЅRЅRёS… RgSЂSѓR·RµR№. R’ 70-Rµ SѓR¶Rµ S‡S‘SЂS‚R° SЃ RgRIR°".

R”RѕRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕ RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°S” SЏRye SЂRѕR±RёRI SЃRIS–R№ RIRЅRµSЃRѕRye Sѓ SЂRѕR·R±SѓSЂS…R°RЅRЅSЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RјS–R¶ R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–S”SЋ S‚R° RЎRЁRђ, S‰Rѕ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RёR»RѕSЃSЏ RIRёS…RѕRgRѕRј RџR°SЂRёR¶R° R· RќRђRўRћ.

R’ RyeRIS–S‚RЅS– 1989 SЂ. RїS–SЃR»SЏ RyeSЂRёRIR°RIRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RiRѕRЅSѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕSЃR»SѓR¶R±RѕRIS†SЏRјRё RјRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RїS–RyeRµS‚Sѓ RЅR° RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚S– R SѓSЃS‚R°RIRµR»S– RI RўR±S–R»S–SЃS– R·RgR°RI RI R¦Rљ RїR°SЂS‚S–S— RїR°SЂS‚RyeRIRёS‚RѕRye S– RЅR°RiRѕSЂRѕRgRё. R—RiRѕRgRѕRј RµRјS–RiSЂSѓRIR°RI RgRѕ R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЋ R· SЂRѕRgRёRЅRѕSЋ. RџRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ S‚SЂR°RIRЅS– 2000 SЂ., RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RЅR° RiRѕSЂS– RЎS–RѕRЅ RЅR° S…SЂRёSЃS‚RёSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰S–.

R¤SЂR°R·R°. "RЇ R·RЅR°SЋ, RyeS‚Rѕ S‚R°RyeRёRµ RЅRµRјS†S‹. RЇ SЃ RЅRёRјRё RёR· RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕS‚R»R° R¶SЂR°R», SЃRїR°R» SЃ RЅRёRјRё RЅR° RѕRgRЅRёS… RЅR°SЂR°S…, RyeR°Rye RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚SЃSЏ, RI RѕRgRЅRѕR№ SѓRїSЂSЏR¶RyeRµ R±S‹R». R RёSЃSѓSЋS‚ RЅRµRјS†RµRI SЃR°RgRёSЃS‚R°RјRё? RќRµS‚! RћRЅRё RЅRµ SЃR°RgRёSЃS‚S‹, SЌS‚Rѕ RiRѕSЂR°R·RgRѕ S…SѓR¶Rµ. RћR±SЂR°R· RISЂR°RiR°, RyeRѕS‚RѕSЂS‹R№ SЃRѕR·RgR°R»Rё RI R»RёS†Rµ RЅRµRјS†RµRI, RЅRµ RgRѕS‚SЏRЅSѓR» RgRѕ RЅR°SЃS‚RѕSЏS‰RµRiRѕ. RќR°SЃS‚RѕSЏS‰RёR№ RЅRµRјRµS† S…SѓR¶Rµ RI 100 SЂR°R·, R±S‹R» SЃS‚SЂR°S€RЅRµRµ RїRѕS‚RѕRјSѓ, S‡S‚Rѕ RѕRЅ RЅRµ R±S‹R» SЃR°RgRёSЃS‚RѕRј, RЅRѕ RѕRЅ R±S‹R» RїRѕSЃR»SѓS€RЅS‹Rј SЂRѕR±RѕS‚RѕRј… R’S‹ RЅRµ R·RЅR°RµS‚Rµ, S‡S‚Rѕ S‚R°RyeRѕRµ RЅRµRјRµS†!".

R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: tsn.ua

RќRµSЃSѓRIRµSЂRµRЅRЅS– RЅR°S†S–S—. RЇRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° SЃS‚R°R»R° R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS†RµSЋ RћRћRќ?

RўS–, S…S‚Rѕ RiSЂR°S” Sѓ SЂS–R·RЅRѕRIRёRg S€R°S…S–RI S–R· RЅR°R·RIRѕSЋ V«RЇR»S‚R°V», R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊ, RЅR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё S†S–RЅRЅRёRјRё (R°R»Rµ RЅRµRїRµRIRЅRёRјRё) R±SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIS– R°R»SЊSЏRЅSЃRё. R“SЂSѓ RїSЂRёRgSѓRјR°R»Rё RїS–SЃR»SЏ RЇR»S‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— S– RЅR°R·RIR°R»Rё RЅR° S—S— S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ.

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RЅR° R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R¤RѕSЂSѓRјS– RIRёRgR°RIS†S–RI. R RћR—RљR›RђR”

RЈ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RISЃSЏ 26-R№ R¤RѕSЂSѓRј RIRёRgR°RIS†S–RI. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕ RѕR±SЂR°R»R° SЃRµSЂRµRg SЃRѕS‚RµRЅSЊ R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI S‚S–, S‰Rѕ RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅS– R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ.

RџSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR° V«R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏV». RќR°RIS–S‰Rѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°R»Rё RЅR° V«RјRѕRISѓV» RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RїS–SЃRµRЅSЊ R·R°SЏRISѓ RњRѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIR°?

RќRµRIRgRѕRIR·S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ "R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ" RЅR° R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏS…, S‰Rѕ SЃS‚R°R»Rё S‚RµRїRµSЂ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё, RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё RIRёRЅRёRyeR°S‚Rё "RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅS–" RїS–SЃRЅS– R№ RIS–SЂS€S– RїSЂRѕ "R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°-RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR°" S‚R° "RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°RЅS–RI". RўR°RyeR° S‚RIRѕSЂS‡S–SЃS‚SЊ, RїRѕRїSЂRё SЃRIS–R№ RIRgR°RIR°RЅRёR№ "SЃS‚RёS…S–R№RЅRёR№" S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ, RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»R° RЅR°RїSЂRѕS‡SѓRg SЃS…RѕR¶RѕSЋ RЅR° RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RўRђRЎRЎ S‡Rё RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS†S– "RџSЂR°RIRgRё".

R„SЂSѓSЃR°R»RёRј Sѓ SЃRµSЂS†S– RђS„SЂRёRyeRё

"RћSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°SЋSЃSЏ RїRёSЃR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RЅRёS…, R±Rѕ RјRµRЅS– RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїRѕRIS–SЂRёS‚SЊ, R°R»Rµ RїSЂRёSЃSЏRiR°SЋSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RїRёS€Sѓ S‰RёSЂSѓ RїSЂR°RIRgSѓ..." RЇRye SЃRyeRµR»SЊRЅS– S†RµSЂRyeRIRё R›R°R»S–R±RµR»Rё SѓRIS–S‡RЅRёR»Rё S—S…RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚RIRѕSЂS†SЏ S– RїRѕR·R±R°RIRёR»Rё RIR»R°RgRё R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°S‰R°RgRyeS–RI