RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

RћRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R—R°RїRѕRIS–S‚". R§RµRyeS–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR° v„– 206

R’ RѕSЃRЅRѕRIS– RyeRЅRёRiRё R RѕRјR°RЅR° RљRѕRIR°R»SЏ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRёS… S–RiSЂ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RїRµS‚R»SЋSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ, SЏRyeS– RјR°R»Rё RјS–SЃS†Rµ RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЅRёRЅS–S€RЅS–S… R§RµSЂRyeR°S‰RёRЅRё, RџRѕR»S‚R°RIS‰RёRЅRё, RљS–SЂRѕRIRѕRiSЂR°RgS‰RёRЅRё, RњRёRyeRѕR»R°S—RIS‰RёRЅRё, RћRgRµS‰RёRЅRё, RGRµSЂSЃRѕRЅS‰RёRЅRё, RљSЂRёRIRѕSЂS–R¶R¶SЏ. R† RїSЂRѕ R·SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeS–RI "R“R°RјR°R»S–SЋ" S‚R° "R—R°RIS–SЂSЋS…Sѓ", SЏRyeS– RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiR»Rё R·RЅRёS‰RёS‚Rё RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅS–RI.

R©Rѕ S‡RёS‚R°S”RјRѕ? R”RѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚R°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RЅR°SЂRёSЃ R RѕRјR°RЅR° RљRѕRIR°R»SЏ "RћRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R—R°RїRѕRIS–S‚". R§RµRyeS–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR° v„– 206" (RљRёS—RI, R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёR№ RyeR»SѓR± "RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ RЇSЂ", 2007). R‘RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ SЃS‚RµRїRѕRIRёS… RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–R№ RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1920-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI R· "SЃRѕRIRIR»R°SЃS‚SЊSЋ", R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±R° R§Rљ S‚R° S‡RёSЃR»RµRЅRЅRёS… R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI R· RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR°RјRё S‚R° RyeRѕR·R°RyeR°RјRё.

R©Rѕ S†S–RyeR°RIRѕRiRѕ? R’ RѕSЃRЅRѕRIS– RyeRЅRёRiRё RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRёS… S–RiSЂ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RїRµS‚R»SЋSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ RїS–Rg RyeRѕRgRѕRIRёRјRё RЅR°R·RIR°RјRё "R—R°RїRѕRIS–S‚", "R©RёSЂRёRµ", "R›RµSЃ" S‚RѕS‰Rѕ, SЏRyeS– RјR°R»Rё RјS–SЃS†Rµ RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЅRёRЅS–S€RЅS–S… R§RµSЂRyeR°S‰RёRЅRё, RџRѕR»S‚R°RIS‰RёRЅRё, RљS–SЂRѕRIRѕRiSЂR°RgS‰RёRЅRё, RњRёRyeRѕR»R°S—RIS‰RёRЅRё, RћRgRµS‰RёRЅRё, RGRµSЂSЃRѕRЅS‰RёRЅRё, RљSЂRёRIRѕSЂS–R¶R¶SЏ.

RџRѕRgS–S— SЂRѕR·RiRѕSЂS‚R°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RyeS–RЅS†S– 1921-1922 SЂSЂ., RyeRѕR»Rё RiSЂSѓRїR° SЃRµR»SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RIR°S‚R°R¶RyeS–RI, RI RѕS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅS– SЃRёRiRЅR°R»Sѓ R·-R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅSѓ – R· RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–, RgRµ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RI R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRёR№ RћS‚R°RјR°RЅ RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° S–R· R·R°R»RёS€RyeR°RјRё R°SЂRјS–S— RЈRќR , RiRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»R° RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё, "RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI S– RyeR°S†R°RїS–RI".

RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° Sѓ RџR°SЂRёR¶S–. RЈ 85-S‚Sѓ SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†SЋ RїRѕSЃS‚SЂS–R»S–RI RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†S– R R°SЃS–RЅ

R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRёRјRё R°RЅS‚RёRiRµSЂRѕSЏRјRё RyeRЅRёRiRё S” RgRIR° RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–S… RѕS„S–S†RµSЂRё RЈRќR  RџRµS‚SЂRѕ RўSЂRѕS…RёRјRµRЅRyeRѕ (RIS–RЅ S„S–RiSѓSЂSѓS” RїS–Rg RїSЃRµRIRgR°RјRё "R’R°SЃRёR»SЊS”RI" S– "R“R°RјR°R»S–R№") S‚R° R®S…RёRј RўRµSЂRµS‰RµRЅRyeRѕ ("R—R°RIS–SЂSЋS…R°", "RЎS‚RµRїRЅRёR№"). RџRµSЂS€RёR№ SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ Sѓ 1917 SЂ. R±SѓRI S‡R»RµRЅRѕRј R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё, R°R»Rµ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRye Sѓ SЃRїRёSЃRyeR°S… RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚S–RI S‚R°RyeRѕRiRѕ RЅRµ RIRёSЏRIRёRI…

RЇRye RIRѕRЅRё R·SЂR°RgRёR»Rё SЃRIRѕS—S… RgRѕSЃS‚RµRјRµRЅRЅRѕ RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјRѕ – RјRѕR¶Rµ, S—S… R·R°R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё, RјRѕR¶Rµ R№ SЃR°RјS– R·RiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR»RёSЃSЏ.

RќS–SЏRyeRёS… RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI, SЏRyeS– R± RїS–RgS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓRIR°R»Rё RјS–SЃS–SЋ RўSЂRѕS…RёRјRµRЅRyeR° "RIS–Rg SЃR°RјRѕRiRѕ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё" RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ.

 "R—R°RїRѕRIS–RgS–" RЎRёRјRѕRЅR° RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё R· S‚RѕRiRѕ SЃR°RјRѕRiRѕ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»Sѓ "RЎRёRЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё", S‰Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓRIR°RI RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅS†SЏRј S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ R°RiRµRЅS‚ "R“R°RјR°R»S–SЏ"

R’RѕR№RѕRIRЅRёS‡RёRј, R°R»Rµ RЅR°S—RIRЅRёRј SЃRµR»SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј RgSЏRgSЊRyeR°Rј, SЏRyeRёRј RgRѕR»SЏ RgR°R»R° S€R°RЅSЃ SЃS‚R°S‚Rё RiSЂS–R·RЅRёRјRё RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR°RјRё RIRёSЏRIRёR»RѕSЃSЏ RgRѕSЃS‚R°S‚RЅS–Rј RїRѕRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё RїSЂRёRјS–SЂRЅRёRye RIRёRgR°RЅRѕRiRѕ Sѓ R’R°SЂS€R°RIS– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RЈRќR  S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃSѓ "RЎRёRЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё", RgRµ R“R°RјR°R»S–SЋ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRѕ SЏRye RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°S‡R° "RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№ RџS–RIRgRµRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R№RѕRЅSѓ", S– RїRѕRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё (RЅRµ SЃRIS–R№) R·R°R»S–R·RЅRёR№ S…SЂRµSЃS‚ – S– RIRѕRЅRё, RїRѕRIR°RiR°RIS€RёSЃSЊ, RIRёR·RЅR°R»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ R·RIRµSЂS…RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ.

"R† RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ SЃRyeR°R·R°RI: "R–SѓSЂRЅR°R» – S†Rµ S†S–RyeR°RIRѕ. RђR»Rµ R¶ RgRµ RIR°S€S–, RїR°RЅRµ-S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS€Sѓ, RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё, SѓRїRѕRIRЅRѕRIR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ R· RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RјRё RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё S‡Rё RўSЋS‚SЋRЅRЅRёRyeR°?".

RљRѕR·R°Rye RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR . RћRgSЏRi S– R·R±SЂRѕSЏ

RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё, SЃRїS–R»RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R· RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–RјRё RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё S‚R° RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёRјRё S‡RёRЅR°RјRё S‡R°SЃS–RI RЈRќR , RўSЂRѕS…RёRјRµRЅRyeRѕ RїRёS€Rµ RgRѕRїRѕRIS–RgRЅSѓ SѓRїRѕRIRЅRѕRIR°R¶RµRЅRѕRјSѓ RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ R’RЈR§Rљ R†RIR°RЅSѓ R’S–S…S–SЂS”RISѓ:

"RI RЅR°SЃS‚RѕSЏS‰RµRµ RISЂRµRјSЏ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅS‡RµSЃRyeR°SЏ SЂR°R±RѕS‚R°… RїSЂRё RѕRїS‹S‚RЅS‹S… RѕSЂRiR°RЅRёR·R°S‚RѕSЂR°S… SЂSѓRyeRѕRIRѕRgSЏS‰RµRiRѕ S†RµRЅS‚SЂR° RјRѕR¶RµS‚ R±S‹SЃS‚SЂRѕ SЃS„RѕSЂRјRёSЂRѕRIR°S‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° RgRIRµ-S‚SЂRё RЅRµRgRµR»Rё, S‚RµRј R±RѕR»RµRµ, S‡S‚Rѕ RµSЃS‚SЊ RјR°SЃSЃR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅRёR·R°S†RёR№, RјRµR»RyeRёS…, RyeRѕS‚RѕSЂS‹Rµ SЃRµR№S‡R°SЃ RїR°SЃSЃRёRIRЅS‹, RЅRѕ SѓR¶Rµ SЃS„RѕSЂRјRёSЂRѕRIR°RЅS‹, Rё… RјRѕRiSѓS‚ SЃSЂR°R·Sѓ RЅR°S‡R°S‚SЊ SЂR°R±RѕS‚Sѓ… Rё RёR·SЉSЏS‚SЊ RёS… RјRѕR¶RЅRѕ R±SѓRgRµS‚ S‚RѕR»SЊRyeRѕ RѕSЃS‚RѕSЂRѕR¶RЅS‹Rј RїSѓS‚S‘Rј… Rё RµSЃR»Rё RЅRµ SѓRgR°SЃS‚SЃSЏ SЃRIRѕRµRISЂRµRјRµRЅRЅRѕ RїSЂRµRgRѕS‚RISЂR°S‚RёS‚SЊ RЅR°RgRIRёRiR°SЋS‰RµRµSЃSЏ RIRѕSЃSЃS‚R°RЅRёRµ, S‚Rѕ R±RѕSЂSЊR±R° R±SѓRgRµS‚ RѕS‡RµRЅSЊ R¶RµSЃS‚RѕRyeR°".

R—RёRјR° 22-RiRѕ R±SѓR»R° SЃS‚SЂR°S€RµRЅRЅRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕSЋ. RџRѕS‚RµSЂRїR°R»R° RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ SЂRѕRgRёRЅR° RїSЂRѕRIRѕRyeR°S‚RѕSЂR° RўSЂRѕS…RёRјRµRЅRyeR° S– RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· S‡S–R»SЊRЅRёS… S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚S–RI, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅRµSЋ RѕRїS–RyeSѓRIR°RISЃSЏ, RїRёSЃR°RI RЅR°RiRѕSЂSѓ – "RЅRµRѕR±S…RѕRgRёRјRѕ S…RѕS‚SЊ RЅRµRјRЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRgRgRµSЂR¶R°S‚SЊ, RёRЅR°S‡Rµ SЃRѕS‚SЂSѓRgRЅRёRye RЅRµ RјRѕR¶RµS‚ SЂR°R±RѕS‚R°S‚SЊ".

RЈ SЃR°RјRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµRyeS–RЅS‡RёRyeR° RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїSЂRёSЃS‚RѕR№RЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕSЃS‚SЋRјSѓ – "RIS‹ S‚RѕR»SЊRyeRѕ RѕR±RµS‰R°RµS‚Rµ, Rё RЅR° S‚RѕRј SѓRISЃRµ RyeRѕRЅS‡R°RµS‚SЃSЏ. RЎRµR№S‡R°SЃ RI SЌS‚RѕR№ S€RёRЅRµR»Rё S…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ RЅRµR»SЊR·SЏ, RїRѕS‚RѕRјSѓ S‡S‚Rѕ RјRѕR¶RЅRѕ SЂR°SЃS€RёS„SЂRѕRIR°S‚SЊSЃSЏ…".

R“R°RЅRgR·SЋRye S– RЎR°S„RѕRЅRѕRI. R”RIR° S†R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRёS… RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»Rё, SЏRyeS– RЅRµ R·SЂR°RgRёR»Rё RїSЂRёSЃSЏR·S– RЈRќR 

RЈSЂSЏRg RЈRќR  Sѓ RIRёRiRЅR°RЅRЅS– RїSЂRѕRIR°RgRёRI RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeSѓ SЃS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅSЊ, S‰RѕR± R·R±RµSЂRµRiS‚Rё SЃRёR»Rё. R”R»SЏ RЅR°RЅRµSЃRµRЅRЅSЏ RIRёSЂS–S€R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓRgR°SЂSѓ RїRѕ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°S… RїSЂR°RiRЅSѓRI R·R°SЂSѓS‡RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeRѕSЋ RyeSЂR°S—RЅ RђRЅS‚R°RЅS‚Rё, RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–, R SѓRјSѓRЅS–S—. R§R°SЃ S–S€RѕRI S– R· RyeRѕR¶RЅRёRј RgRЅRµRј RIRїR»RёRI R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅSѓ RїR°RgR°RI. RџRѕRIRЅRѕRIR°R¶RµRЅSЊ RyeRѕRјSѓSЃSЊ RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµRgR°RI – "R°R±Rѕ S‡RµSЂRµR· RЅRµSЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏ, R°R±Rѕ S‡RµSЂRµR· RјR°SЂRЅRѕSЃR»R°RISЃS‚RIRѕ".

RќR°RµR»RµRyeS‚SЂRёR·RѕRIR°RЅRёR№, R±S–RgRЅRёR№ S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃRµR»SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeSЂR°R№ S‡RµRyeR°RI RЅR°RyeR°R·Sѓ R°R±Rѕ R·’SЏRIRё S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeR° RIRµR»RёRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ – "RїSЃRёS…RѕR»RѕRiRёSЏ RyeSЂRµSЃS‚SЊSЏRЅSЃRyeRѕR№ RјR°SЃSЃS‹ RїRѕRЅSЏS‚RЅR°, Rё RµSЃR»Rё S‚RѕR»SЊRyeRѕ R±SѓRgRµ RISЃRїS‹S€RyeR° RIRѕSЃSЃS‚R°RЅRёR№, S‚Rѕ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕ RѕRЅRѕ SЂR°R·RiRѕSЂRёS‚SЃSЏ RI RќRёRyeRѕR»R°RµRISЃRyeRѕR№, RћRgRµSЃSЃRyeRѕR№ Rё S‡R°SЃS‚Rё RљRёRµRISЃRyeRѕR№ RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅRёR№".

R§RµRyeS–SЃS‚Rё RIRёSЂS–S€SѓSЋS‚SЊ RЅRµ S‡RµRyeR°S‚Rё RїRѕRyeRё RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° RgR°SЃS‚SЊ RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓ, R° SЃR°RјS– SЃS‚RIRѕSЂSЋSЋS‚SЊ… RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S€S‚R°R±.

RџRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRѕRIRѕ RўSЂRѕS…RёRјRµRЅRyeRѕ RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RїRѕS‡R°RI RIS…RѕRgRёS‚Rё RI RїSЂR°RIR° SЃR°RјRѕR·RIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°S‡R° "R§RѕSЂRЅRѕRјRѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RiSЂSѓRїRѕSЋ", R°R»Rµ R№ R·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёS‚Rё RјS–R¶ SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ SЃRїSЂR°RIR¶RЅS–S… RїR°SЂS‚RёR·R°RЅS–RI R· SЂS–R·RЅRёS… SЂR°R№RѕRЅS–RI, SЏRyeS– RgSѓR¶Rµ RgRѕRIRiRѕ S€SѓRyeR°R»Rё RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚Sѓ S– RЅRµ RјRѕRiR»Rё R·RЅR°R№S‚Rё RѕRgRёRЅ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ, R° S‚SѓS‚ RµRјS–SЃR°SЂ R·SЂRѕR±RёRI S†Rµ S€RIRёRgRyeRѕ – "RЅRµ RIS–SЂRёS‚Rё R№RѕRјSѓ RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ RјRѕR¶RЅR°".

R¤R°RЅS‚R°R·S–SЏ S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚S–RI, RIRyeR»R°RgRµRЅR° Sѓ RISѓSЃS‚R° R·SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeS–RI, R±SѓR»R° RЅRµR№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕSЋ – "R‘SѓRgRµ RIRµR»RёRyeRµ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ… R’SЃRµ RIR¶Rµ RiRѕS‚RѕRIRµ – S” 18 R±SЂRѕRЅRµRIRёRyeS–RI. R’ Rј. RGR°SЂRyeRѕRIS– RIRµSЃSЊ S€S‚R°R± RЅR°S€, S€S‚R°R± RyeRѕSЂRїSѓSЃR° R”RёR±RµRЅRyeRѕ S‚RµR¶ RЅR°S€ S– RyeR°RI[R°R»RµSЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°]S€RyeRѕR»R° RI R•R»RёSЃR°RIRµS‚RiSЂR°RgS–, RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅR° RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RљRѕSЃRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S– S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RџSЂRёRјR°RyeRѕRIR° – S‚RµR¶ RЅR°S€S–… RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeS– S‚R° R’SЂR°RЅRiRµR»S–RISЃSЊRyeS– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° RIR¶Rµ RЅR° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅS–…". RђR»Rµ, SЏRye RЅRµ RїSЂRёRyeSЂRѕ, S—R№ RIS–SЂRёR»Rё.

"RџSЂRѕS‚Rё R„RgRёRЅRѕS— S– RќRµRgS–R»RёRјRѕS—". RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RI R°SЂRјS–S— R’SЂR°RЅRiRµR»SЏ

29 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1922 SЂ. RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeSѓ R“RџRЈ RЈR RЎR  R’R°SЃRёR»SЋ RњR°RЅS†RµRISѓ RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»SЏSЋS‚SЊ R»RёSЃS‚ SѓRїRѕRIRЅRѕRIR°R¶RµRЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR° RџSЂR°RIRѕR±RµSЂRµR¶RЅS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R„RIRgRѕRyeRёRјRѕRIR°, RgRµ S‚RѕR№ RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°S” RїR»R°RЅ RgS–R№ – "S„RѕSЂSЃRёSЂRѕRIR°RЅRёRµ RgRµSЏS‚RµR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°, RgR°R±S‹ SЃRѕR·RgR°S‚SЊ RЅR°RgR»RµR¶R°S‰RёR№ R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚RµS‚ SЃSЂRµRgRё SЃRѕRѕS‚RIRµSЃS‚RISѓSЋS‰RёS… RїRѕRgRїRѕR»SЊRЅS‹S… SЏS‡RµRµRye Rё RIRѕRѕSЂSѓR¶RµRЅRЅS‹S… RѕS‚SЂSЏRgRѕRI… RyeRѕRЅRµS‡RЅRѕR№ S†RµR»SЊSЋ… SЏRIR»SЏRµS‚SЃSЏ RЅR°S€Rµ SЃS‚SЂRµRјR»RµRЅRёRµ Rye SЃRѕR·S‹RISѓ SЃSЉRµR·RgR° RiR»R°RIR°SЂRµR№".

RўRёRј S‡R°SЃRѕRј, RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅRё RЅS– RЅR° RgRµRЅSЊ RЅRµ RїSЂRёRїRёRЅSЏR»Rё R»S–RyeRIS–RgR°S†S–SЋ RIRѕSЂRѕRiS–RI, RI RgRµSЏRyeS– SЂR°R№RѕRЅRё RЅRёRЅS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RљS–SЂRѕRIRѕRiSЂR°RgS‰RёRЅRё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё R±RѕSЏR»RёSЃSЏ R№ RЅRѕSЃR° RїRѕRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё. RћRgRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R·Sѓ, RI RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅRѕSЃS‚S– "R“R°RјR°R»S–S—" RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅ R›SЋS‚RёR№ R»S–RyeRIS–RgSѓRIR°RI, SЏRye S‚RѕRgS– R¶R°SЂS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё – "RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIRёRI Sѓ R·RµRјRµR»SЊRЅRёR№ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚", S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚R° R· RљSЂRёRIRѕRiRѕ R RѕRiSѓ RљSѓR·RЅS”S†RѕRIR°.

RћS‚R°RјR°RЅ RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ R“SѓR»RёR№-R“SѓR»RµRЅRyeRѕ R· SЃS–S‡RѕRIRёRјRё SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЊS†SЏRјRё

RЈ RyeRЅRёR¶S†S– RЅR°RIRѕRgSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ SЃRѕS‚RЅS– RїSЂRёRyeR»R°RgS–RI SЏRye "R±R°RЅRgS‹" RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅS–RI R“SѓR»RѕRiRѕ-R“SѓR»RµRЅRyeR°, R§RѕSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ R’RѕSЂRѕRЅR°, R“SѓRїR°R»R°, R“RѕR»RёRyeR°-R—R°R»S–R·RЅSЏRyeR°, RќRµSЃS‚RµSЂRµRЅRyeR°-RћSЂR»R° S‚R° S–RЅS€RёS… R·R°SЂSѓR±SѓRIR°R»Rё S€R°S€RyeR°RјRё S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚S–RI, RјS–R»S–S†S–RѕRЅRµSЂS–RI S– S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕR°SЂRјS–R№S†S–RI: "RI SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚Rµ RЅRµRѕR¶RёRgR°RЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°RїR°RgRµRЅRёSЏ R»RµS‚RѕS‚SЂSЏRg RїRѕS‚RµSЂSЏR» SѓR±RёS‚S‹RјRё RyeRѕRјRїRѕR»RyeR° S‚. R—RѕRјRјRµSЂ-R§R°SЂRёRЅR°, S‚SЂRµS… RyeRѕRјR·RIRѕRgRѕRI, 1 RїRѕR»RёS‚SЂSѓRyeR° Rё 1 RyeSЂR°SЃRЅRѕR°SЂRјRµR№S†R°".

R’RёR»SѓS‡R°R»Rё RgR»SЏ SЃRIRѕS—S… RїRѕS‚SЂRµR± RyeRѕRЅRµR№, R·R±S–R¶R¶SЏ, S…R»S–R±, S…RѕS‡R° S” RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё, RgRµ R№RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RI S–RЅS€RёS… RјS–SЃS†RµRIRѕSЃS‚SЏS… RyeRѕR·R°RyeRё S‰RµRgSЂRѕ RїR»R°S‚RёR»Rё SЃRµR»SЏRЅR°Rј, RјR°R»Rё R±RµR·R»S–S‡ RiSЂRѕS€RµR№ – S– SЂRѕRјR°RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёS…, S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS…, S– SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS….

RЈ SЃRIRѕSЋ S‡RµSЂRiSѓ, RјR°R№SЃS‚RµSЂRЅRѕ RїR»RµS‚SѓS‡Rё RјRµSЂRµR¶RёRIRѕ R·SЂR°RgRё, "RїRµS‚R»SЋSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»" S‡R°SЃ RIS–Rg S‡R°SЃSѓ RїS–RgRIRѕRgRёRI RїS–Rg R°SЂRµS€S‚ SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёRЅ, RgR°RIR°RI RЅR°RyeR°R·Rё RIR±RёRIR°S‚Rё S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ RјS–Ri RIRёSЂR°S…SѓRIR°S‚Rё R№RѕRiRѕ R·R°RїSЂRѕRgR°RЅSЃS‚RIRѕ. R’R»R°SЃRЅRµ, SЂRѕR±RёRI S‚Rµ SЃR°RјRµ, S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR±RёS‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ S‡RµSЂRµR· RgRIR°RgS†SЏS‚SЊ SЂRѕRyeS–RI RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– R°RiRµRЅS‚Rё RI R·R°RїS–R»R»S– RћRЈRќ S– RЈRџRђ.

"RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅR° RIS–R№RЅR°". RњR°S…RЅRѕRIS†S– S– S…RѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕSЏSЂS†S–

RўSЂRѕS…RёRјRµRЅRyeRѕ RїRёSЃR°RI RїRѕR»SѓRј’SЏRЅS– R·R°RyeR»RёRyeRё, RISЃRµR»SЏSЋS‡Rё RI RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeS– SЃRµSЂS†SЏ RЅR°RgS–SЋ RЅR° S€RIRёRgRyeRµ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё.

"RўS–R»SЊRyeRѕ R’Rё, R·R°R»S–R·RЅS–, RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RgRѕRIRµSЃS‚Rё S†SЋ SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ RgRѕ RyeS–RЅS†SЏ… R’ S†Rµ RIS–SЂRµ RЅR°SЂS–Rg S– RЈRyeSЂR°S–RЅR°. RќRµ RiRЅRёR»RёR№ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ, RyeRѕS‚SЂRёR№ R·R°R±SѓRI RїSЂRѕ R’R°SЃ S– RЅR°SЂS–Rg, RЅRµ S‚S–, S‰Rѕ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RѕR±S–S†SЏSЋS‚SЊ-RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЏSЋS‚ RЅR°SЂS–S‚[Rg], R° RIRёR·RIRѕR»RёS‚Rµ R’Rё, RyeRѕS‚SЂS– R·R°R»S–R·RЅRѕSЋ RIRѕR»RµSЋ, RyeSЂRѕRISЊSЋ, S‚SЏR¶RyeRѕSЋ RїSЂR°S†RµSЋ S– RјSѓRyeR°RјRё RЅR°RїRёSЃR°R»Rё SЃRIRѕS– RїSЂS–R·RIRёS‰R° RgR»SЏ RЅR°S€RѕS– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—".

R§RёS‚R°SЋS‡Rё S†Rµ, RgSѓRјRyeR° R»RµS‚S–R»R° RI RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅS”, RyeRѕR»Rё RЅRµ R±SѓRgRµ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ, RїSЂRѕRgR·R°RiRѕRЅS–RI, R·R°R№Rg…

RћSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё RgRѕRIRiRѕ RiRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye "RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ", S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RIR°S‚R°R¶RyeS–RI RїRѕS‡R°R»R° RїS–RgRѕR·SЂSЋRIR°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S—S… RјR°R№SЃS‚RµSЂRЅRѕ RIRѕRgSЏS‚SЊ R·R° RЅS–SЃ.

1921: RџS–R»SЃSѓRgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIRёR±R°S‡R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RїRµSЂRµRg SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚R°RјRё RЈRќR  (R’R†R”R•Rћ)

RќR°SЂRµS€S‚S– 22 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ Sѓ SЃRIRѕS”RјSѓ RЅR°RyeR°R·S– "R“R°RјR°R»S–R№" RїS–Rg RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅRёRј SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚RѕRј RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјRёRI RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR°Rј, S‰Rѕ "RЅR°S€R° R°SЂRјS–SЏ R·-R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅSѓ RїRµSЂRµS…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ RI RЅS–S‡ RЅR° 1 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ". R† S‰Rѕ RїRѕR»SЏRyeRё R· SЂSѓRјSѓRЅR°RјRё S†RµR№ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRї S‚RµR¶ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°SЋS‚SЊ. R† RgR»SЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰RѕR± R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‚Rё S†SЋ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕR¶RЅSѓ S…RѕRgSѓ S‚SЂRµR±R° R·S–R±SЂR°S‚Rё RISЃS–S… RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂS–RI RЅR° RЅR°SЂR°RgSѓ.

RџSЂRѕRїRѕRЅRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ SЃRїRµSЂS€Sѓ RљRёS—RI, R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rѕ, RЅRµ RїS–RgS–R№S€RѕRI RЅS–RyeRѕRјSѓ – RgSѓSЂRЅRёS… RЅRµRјR°, R° RѕSЃSЊ R—RIRµRЅRёRiRѕSЂRѕRgRyeR° (RЅRёRЅS– – SЂR°R№S†RµRЅS‚SЂ R§RµSЂRyeR°SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S–) – RIR»R°S€S‚SѓRIR°R»R° RISЃS–S…. R’RѕRЅRё S‰Rµ RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ S‚SѓRgRё RgR»SЏ RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIRyeRё RїR°SЃS‚RyeRё RIR¶Rµ RїSЂRёS—S…R°R»Rё RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeRё R“RџRЈ R¤SЂS–RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° RќS–RyeRѕR»R°S”RI, R·R°RiS–RЅ S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕR°SЂRјS–R№S†S–RI.

RќRµ RISЃS– RїRѕSЃR»SѓS…R°R»RёSЃSЏ – SЃRyeR°R¶S–RјRѕ, R›SЋS‚RёR№, R§RѕSЂRЅRёR№ R’RѕSЂRѕRЅ S– R’RѕSЂRѕRЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕS–RiRЅRѕSЂSѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR°RyeR°R·.

 

28 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1922 SЂ. RI RїR°SЃS‚RyeSѓ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёR»Rё RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅRё R›R°SЂS–RѕRЅ R—R°RiRѕSЂRѕRgRЅS–R№, R”RµRЅRёSЃ R“SѓRїR°R»Rѕ, RњRµS„RѕRgS–R№ R“RѕR»RёRye-R—R°R»S–R·RЅSЏRye S‚R° S—S…RЅS– RѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅS†S–.

R”R»SЏ "RѕRyeRѕRЅS‡R°S‚RµR»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RIS‹R»R°RIR»RёRIR°RЅRёSЏ SЂR°SЃSЃRµSЏRIS€RёS…SЃSЏ RѕRgRёRЅRѕS‡RЅS‹S… R±R°RЅRgRёS‚RѕRI" R±SѓR»Rѕ R·RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅRѕ "R±R°RЅRgSѓ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS‰R° R—R°RIRёSЂSЋS…Rё". R† S†RµR№ RgRѕSЃRIS–Rg S‚RµR¶ RјR°RI RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ – Sѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– S„R°R»SЊS€RёRIRёS… R±RѕS—RIRѕRye RЈRџRђ.

R’ R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R—R°RїRѕRIS–S‚" R±SѓR»R° RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅRѕRIR°RЅR°. R‡S— RЅR°R·RIR°R»Rё RIS–RgRIRµSЂS‚Rѕ RiR»SѓR·R»RёRIRѕ – "R©RёSЂRёRµ". RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·R°S‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRѕ RїS–Rg S‚RёSЃSЏS‡Sѓ RѕSЃS–R±. RџSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeS–RI RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIRёR»Rё RgRѕ RљRёS”RIR°, "RgRѕ RgS–RgR° R›SѓRye’SЏRЅR°", S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ RgRѕ RIS–RgRѕRјRѕS— S– S‡RёRЅRЅRѕS— RgRѕS‚RµRїRµSЂ RISЏR·RЅRёS†S–.

R’ RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RIRёSЃRЅRѕRIRyeSѓ S…RѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕSЏSЂSЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅS–RI R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRѕ RI RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— S‚R° SѓS‡R°SЃS‚S– Sѓ R·R±SЂRѕR№RЅRѕRјSѓ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ Sѓ "RiSЂR°R±RµR¶R°S…, RЅR°R»RµS‚R°S…, RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRyeR°S… RїRѕRµR·RgRѕRI, SЂR°R·RiSЂR°R±R»RµRЅRёSЏS… SЃRѕRIRµS‚SЃRyeRёS… S…RѕR·SЏR№SЃS‚RI, SЃR°S…R·R°RIRѕRgRѕRI, SЃSЃS‹RїRїSѓRЅRyeS‚RѕRI, RјR°SЃSЃRѕRIS‹S… R·RIRµSЂSЃS‚RIR°S…, SѓR±RёR№SЃS‚RIR°S… SЃRѕRIRµS‚SЃRyeRёS… Rё RїR°SЂS‚RёR№RЅS‹S… SЂR°R±RѕS‚RЅRёRyeRѕRI".

R®SЂS–R№ R“RѕSЂR»S–SЃ-R“RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№, "RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ RЇSЂ". RЈ RїRѕR»RѕRЅ S‚SѓS‚ RЅRµ R±SЂR°R»Rё

RўRµRyeSЃS‚ RїRµSЂRµRїRѕRIRЅRµRЅRёR№ R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂS‰RёRЅRѕSЋ – "R»RµS‚RѕRїRёSЃSЊ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†RёRё RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°RёRЅRµ RїRѕR»RёS‚R° RyeSЂRѕRIR°RIS‹RјRё SЃS‚SЂR°RЅRёS†R°RјRё", "RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅS‹R№ RЇSЂ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏR» SЃRѕR±RѕR№ R¶S‘R»S‚Rѕ-R±R»R°RyeRёS‚RЅS‹R№ RѕSЃS‚SЂRѕRI SЃSЂRµRgRё R±SѓS€SѓSЋS‰RµRiRѕ RјRѕSЂSЏ RiSЂR°R¶RgR°RЅSЃRyeRѕR№ RIRѕR№RЅS‹". RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ R· S—S— RјR°SЃRѕRIRёRј SЃRµR»SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј R°RЅS‚RёRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёRј SЂSѓS…RѕRј R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°R·RIR°RЅRѕ "R’R°RЅRgRµRµR№ SЂSѓSЃSЃRyeRѕR№ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†RёRё".

2 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1923-RiRѕ SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»R° SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Sѓ RЅR°RgR·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅR° SЃRµSЃS–SЏ RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ S‚SЂRёR±SѓRЅR°R»Sѓ, "RїSЂRё R·R°RyeSЂS‹S‚S‹S… RgRIRµSЂSЏS… Rё RI RѕS‚SЃSѓS‚SЃS‚RIRёRё SЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRЅ, RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёRI RI R·R°R» SЃSѓRgR° R»RёS†, RyeRѕRё RїRѕR»SЊR·SѓSЋS‚SЃSЏ RїRµSЂSЃRѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS‹Rј RgRѕRIRµSЂRёRµRј SЃSѓRgR°", RiRѕR»RѕRISѓRIR°RI SЏRyeRёR№SЃSЊ R†RIR°RЅRѕRI.

RћS‚R°RјR°RЅ R”RµRЅRёSЃ R“SѓRїR°R»Rѕ. R¤RѕS‚Rѕ R· RyeRЅRёRiRё R RѕRјR°RЅR° RљRѕRIR°R»SЏ

R§RѕS‚RёSЂRё RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅRё S– S‰Rµ 5 SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёRЅ S– RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI, RIRёR·RЅR°R»Rё SЃRµR±Rµ RIRёRЅRЅRёRјRё. R’S–RgRјRѕRIRёRISЃSЏ S†Rµ R·SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё R»RёS€Rµ RѕRgRёRЅ – RyeSѓR±R°RЅRµS†SЊ, RїRѕR»RyeRѕRIRЅRёRye R—RgRѕR±SѓRgSЊ-R’RѕR»SЏ (SЃRїSЂR°RIR¶RЅS” S–Rј’SЏ – RљRѕSЃS‚SЊ R‘R»RѕS…R°).

R—R° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RiRѕRgRёRЅ S—Rј SѓSЃS–Rј RїSЂRёSЃSѓRgRёR»Rё SЃRјRµSЂS‚RЅSѓ RyeR°SЂSѓ, R»RёS€Rµ RѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ – S–RЅR¶RµRЅRµSЂSѓ R›RµRѕRЅS–RgSѓ RњSѓS€RyeRµS‚Sѓ – 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–RI. RђRјRЅS–SЃS‚S–SЋ, SЏRyeSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRѕ RgRѕ 5-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ R–RѕRIS‚RЅRµRIRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—, RgRѕ R·R°SЃSѓRgR¶RµRЅRёS… RЅRµ R·R°SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё.

RџRѕRјRµSЂS‚Rё RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅRё RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё RЅRµ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ S‚R°Rye, R° R· RјSѓR·RёRyeRѕSЋ... R R°RЅRyeRѕRј 6 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRѕRЅRё RЅR°RїR°R»Rё RЅR° RѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅS†SЏ R›SѓRye’SЏRЅS–RIRyeRё, R·R°RIRѕR»RѕRgS–R»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЊRIRµSЂRѕRј, RїRѕS‚S–Rј RѕR·R±SЂRѕS—R»RёSЃSЊ RiRIRёRЅS‚S–RIRyeR°RјRё RyeR°SЂR°SѓR»Sѓ, RIRёRїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё RI’SЏR·RЅS–RI S– SЃRїSЂRѕR±SѓRIR°R»Rё RIR»R°S€S‚SѓRIR°S‚Rё RIS‚RµS‡Sѓ.

RЎRёR»Rё R±SѓR»Rё RЅRµSЂS–RIRЅS– – RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ R·R°S…R»RёRЅSѓR»RѕSЃSЏ RI RyeSЂRѕRIS–, R±SѓR»Rѕ RIR±RёS‚Rѕ 38 RѕSЃS–R±, SЃRµSЂRµRg SЏRyeRёS… – Rї’SЏS‚RµSЂRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅS–RI S– RgRIRѕS” RiR°R»RёS‡R°RЅ-SЃS–S‡RѕRIRёS… SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЊS†S–RI.

R¦S–RyeR°RIRѕSЋ S” RgRѕRIS–RgRyeR° RїSЂRѕ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€S– RgRѕR»S– RiRµSЂRѕS—RI RyeRЅRёRiRё. RџSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RISЃS– R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RЅS– RI RyeRЅRёR·S– RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅS†S– R±SѓR»Rё SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅS– RI 20-S… SЂRѕRyeR°S…. RўS–R»SЊRyeRё RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»RѕRIS– RђRЅRgSЂS–S”RIS– R“SѓR»RѕRјSѓ-R“SѓR»RµRЅRyeRѕRIS–, SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ S‡RѕRјSѓSЃSЊ RЅRµ RgR°R»Rё RIRёS‰Sѓ RјS–SЂSѓ, R° R»RёS€Rµ 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI, RgRёRIRѕRј (?) RIRgR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RIS‚RµRyeS‚Rё S– RїRµSЂRµR№S‚Rё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ.

R—R° RѕRgRЅS–S”SЋ R· RIRµSЂSЃS–R№, RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeR° RЈRќR  RЅRµ RїRѕRIS–SЂRёR»R° R»RµRiRµRЅRgS– S– R№RѕRiRѕ R»S–RyeRIS–RgSѓRIR°R»Rё SЏRye R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R°RiRµRЅS‚R°. RџSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RISЃS– S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚Rё, R·R°RgS–SЏRЅS– RI RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S—, RgRѕR»S– SЏRyeRёS… RIS–RgRѕRјS–, R±SѓR»Rё R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅS– SЃRIRѕS—RјRё R¶ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS€R°RјRё RїRѕ RїR°SЂS‚S–S— S‚R° SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±S– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RIRµR»RёRyeRѕS— S‡RёSЃS‚RyeRё RyeS–RЅS†SЏ 1930-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI.

R¤SЂR°R·R°. "4 RiRѕRgR° SЌS‚Rё SЂS‹S†R°SЂRё R»RµSЃRѕRI RЅRµ RgR°RIR°R»Rё RIRѕR·RјRѕR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё SЃRїRѕRyeRѕR№RЅRѕ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёS‚SЊ SЃRѕRIRµS‚SЃRyeRѕRµ SЃS‚SЂRѕRёS‚RµR»SЊSЃS‚RIRѕ RЅR° RgRѕRIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕ R·RЅR°S‡RёS‚RµR»SЊRЅRѕR№ S‡R°SЃS‚Rё S‚RµSЂSЂRёS‚RѕSЂRёRё RЈRyeSЂR°RёRЅS‹, R»RёS€SЊ Rye RyeRѕRЅS†Sѓ 1922 RiRѕRgR° RџRџ R“RџRЈ RЅR° RџSЂR°RIRѕR±RµSЂRµR¶SЊRµ Rё RјRµSЃS‚RЅS‹Rј RѕSЂRiR°RЅR°Rј SѓRgR°R»RѕSЃSЊ SѓRgR°S‡RЅRѕ SЂR°R·SЂR°R±RѕS‚R°S‚SЊ Rё SЂR°R·RiSЂRѕRјRёS‚SЊ R±R°RЅRgRёS‚SЃRyeRѕRµ RiRЅRµR·RgRѕ SЌS‚RёS… R°S‚R°RјR°RЅRѕRI…".

RќRµSЃSѓRIRµSЂRµRЅRЅS– RЅR°S†S–S—. RЇRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° SЃS‚R°R»R° R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS†RµSЋ RћRћRќ?

RўS–, S…S‚Rѕ RiSЂR°S” Sѓ SЂS–R·RЅRѕRIRёRg S€R°S…S–RI S–R· RЅR°R·RIRѕSЋ V«RЇR»S‚R°V», R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊ, RЅR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё S†S–RЅRЅRёRјRё (R°R»Rµ RЅRµRїRµRIRЅRёRјRё) R±SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIS– R°R»SЊSЏRЅSЃRё. R“SЂSѓ RїSЂRёRgSѓRјR°R»Rё RїS–SЃR»SЏ RЇR»S‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— S– RЅR°R·RIR°R»Rё RЅR° S—S— S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ.

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RЅR° R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R¤RѕSЂSѓRјS– RIRёRgR°RIS†S–RI. R RћR—RљR›RђR”

RЈ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RISЃSЏ 26-R№ R¤RѕSЂSѓRј RIRёRgR°RIS†S–RI. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕ RѕR±SЂR°R»R° SЃRµSЂRµRg SЃRѕS‚RµRЅSЊ R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI S‚S–, S‰Rѕ RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅS– R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ.

RџSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR° V«R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏV». RќR°RIS–S‰Rѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°R»Rё RЅR° V«RјRѕRISѓV» RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RїS–SЃRµRЅSЊ R·R°SЏRISѓ RњRѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIR°?

RќRµRIRgRѕRIR·S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ "R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ" RЅR° R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏS…, S‰Rѕ SЃS‚R°R»Rё S‚RµRїRµSЂ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё, RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё RIRёRЅRёRyeR°S‚Rё "RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅS–" RїS–SЃRЅS– R№ RIS–SЂS€S– RїSЂRѕ "R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°-RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR°" S‚R° "RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°RЅS–RI". RўR°RyeR° S‚RIRѕSЂS‡S–SЃS‚SЊ, RїRѕRїSЂRё SЃRIS–R№ RIRgR°RIR°RЅRёR№ "SЃS‚RёS…S–R№RЅRёR№" S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ, RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»R° RЅR°RїSЂRѕS‡SѓRg SЃS…RѕR¶RѕSЋ RЅR° RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RўRђRЎRЎ S‡Rё RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS†S– "RџSЂR°RIRgRё".

R„SЂSѓSЃR°R»RёRј Sѓ SЃRµSЂS†S– RђS„SЂRёRyeRё

"RћSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°SЋSЃSЏ RїRёSЃR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RЅRёS…, R±Rѕ RјRµRЅS– RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїRѕRIS–SЂRёS‚SЊ, R°R»Rµ RїSЂRёSЃSЏRiR°SЋSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RїRёS€Sѓ S‰RёSЂSѓ RїSЂR°RIRgSѓ..." RЇRye SЃRyeRµR»SЊRЅS– S†RµSЂRyeRIRё R›R°R»S–R±RµR»Rё SѓRIS–S‡RЅRёR»Rё S—S…RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚RIRѕSЂS†SЏ S– RїRѕR·R±R°RIRёR»Rё RIR»R°RgRё R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°S‰R°RgRyeS–RI