RћRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R“RѕRјRµR·". RЇRye S‡RµSЃSЊRyeR° RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeR° RIRёRyeSЂR°R»R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° R· RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅR°

"...RЈSЃRµ RIS–RgR±SѓR»RѕSЃSЏ RiR»R°RgRyeRѕ, RIRyeR°R·R°RЅR° RѕSЃRѕR±R° R±SѓR»R° RIS–RgSЂR°R·Sѓ RI RјR°S€RёRЅS– RїSЂRёSЃRїR°RЅR° SЃRЅRѕRgS–R№RЅRёRј, R° S‚RѕRјSѓ RѕR±RѕS… SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI RIS–RЅ R±R°S‡RёRI S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЃRµRyeSѓRЅRg..."

R—-RїRѕRјS–R¶ RѕSЃS–R±, SЏRyeS– R±SѓR»Rё RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅS– S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёRјRё RѕSЂRiR°RЅR°RјRё R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё R· RђRISЃS‚SЂS–S—, RќR”R  S‡Rё R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕRiRѕ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅR° RIRёSЂS–R·RЅSЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕR»SЏ S–RЅR¶RµRЅRµSЂR° RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° (1891-1972).

R’RµR»RёRyeRѕSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚, SЃRїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ RѕS„S–S†RµSЂ S†R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S—, S‡R»RµRЅ S€S‚R°R±Sѓ R°SЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° RЎRёRјRѕRЅR° RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё; RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI RµRјS–RiSЂR°RЅS‚RѕRј, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°RI Sѓ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeS–R№ SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–S†S– (R§RЎR ).

[RIS–Rg "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRgRё": RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye Sѓ 1917-1918 SЂSЂ. R±SѓRI RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂS–RI R’S–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕR·R°S†S‚RIR°. RЈ 1919 SЂ. SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёRI RќRµRјRёSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»Rye, RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RIRѕSЋRIR°RI RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, R° RIRѕSЃRµRЅRё 1920 SЂ. RIS–RgSЃS‚SѓRїRёRI R· RђSЂRјS–S”SЋ RЈRќR  R·R° R—R±SЂSѓS‡. RџRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RI RЈRЎR R  1921 SЂ. SЏRye RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅ "R’RѕRiRѕRЅSЊ" S– RgS–SЏRI RЅR° R’S–RЅRЅRёS‡RёRЅS–. 29 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1921 SЂ. SЃRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°RISЃSЏ R°RјRЅS–SЃS‚S–S”SЋ, R·R° RgRµSЏRyeRёRјRё RgR°RЅRёRјRё, SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI S–R· S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚R°RјRё, R° R·RiRѕRgRѕRј RµRјS–RiSЂSѓRIR°RI RgRѕ RџSЂR°RiRё].

R—R°RyeS–RЅS‡RёRI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚, RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕ SЂRµR°R»S–R·SѓRIR°RI SЃRµR±Rµ RI SЂR°RјRyeR°S… RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕR·R°S†S‚RIR°, RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚RѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR° RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅSѓ [R№RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRµ RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeRµ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIRѕ (RЈRќRђRљRћRўRћ) S– R№RѕRiRѕ SЃRїR°RgRyeRѕS”RјS†SЏ - RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeRёR№ SЂSѓS… (RЈRќRђRљRћR ), SЏRyeS– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚Rѕ RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€SѓRIR°R»Rё SЃRµR±Rµ S„R°S€RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏRјRё – R†Rџ], SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI R· S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRѕSЋ RїRѕR»S–S†S–S”SЋ S‚R° RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕSЋ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRѕSЋ.

RЎR»SѓR¶R±R° RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕS— R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё, RѕS‡RµRIRёRgRЅRѕ R· S–RЅS–S†S–R°S‚RёRIRё SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RљR”R‘, RIRyeR»SЋS‡RёR»R° R№RѕRiRѕ, R»SЋRgRёRЅSѓ RїRѕS…RёR»RѕRiRѕ RIS–RyeSѓ, RgRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ RѕSЃS–R±, RI SЏRyeRёS… R±SѓR»R° R·R°S†S–RyeR°RIR»RµRЅR° S‚R° SЏRyeRёS… S…RѕS‚S–R»R° RјR°S‚Rё Sѓ SЃRµR±Rµ RI SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅS–.

 R RѕR·SЂRѕR±RyeR°

14 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1953 SЂ. RїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RђR»RѕS—SЃ R¤RѕSЂRјR°RЅRµRye, RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRye SЂRµS„RµSЂR°S‚Sѓ 101Rђ 5-RiRѕ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RЎR»SѓR¶R±Rё RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕS— R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё, SЃRyeR»R°RI RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅRёR№ R·RIS–S‚ "R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye S‚R° S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIRѕ".

R’S–RЅ SЂRµR·SЋRјSѓRIR°RI SѓSЃSЋ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RЅSѓ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–SЋ RїSЂRѕ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgSѓRIR°R»SЊRЅSѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeS–RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RµRyeR·RёR»Sѓ RїRµSЂRµRg S‚R° RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё.

RЈ RџSЂR°R·S– RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIR° SЂRѕR»SЊ R±SѓR»R° RїSЂRёRїRёSЃR°RЅR° "RµRјS–RiSЂR°RЅS‚Sѓ–RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»Sѓ" S–RЅR¶. RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂSѓ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeSѓ, RЅS–R±RёS‚Rѕ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeSѓ "S€RїRёRiSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRµSЂRµR¶S– RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS–", RyeRѕS‚SЂRёR№, RѕRyeSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ, RјR°RI R±SѓS‚Rё RїRѕRI’SЏR·R°RЅRёR№ R· S€RµS„RѕRј RђR±RIRµSЂSѓ R°RgRјS–SЂR°R»RѕRј R’S–R»SЊRiRµR»SЊRјRѕRј RљR°RЅR°SЂS–SЃRѕRј S‚R° RњR°SЂS‚S–RЅRѕRј R‘RѕSЂRјR°RЅRѕRј, RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚RёRј SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRµRј R SѓRgRѕR»SЊS„R° R“RµSЃSЃR° (sic!).

 RћS‚R°RјR°RЅ "RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S„R°S€RёR·RјSѓ" R†RIR°RЅ RџRѕR»S‚R°RIRµS†SЊ-RћSЃS‚SЂSЏRЅRёS†SЏ RI S‡R°SЃRё SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅSѓ RЎRyeRѕSЂRѕRїR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ, 1918 SЂ.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RїSЂRёS…RѕRgSѓ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚S–RI RgRѕ RIR»R°RgRё RI RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS– R№RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚Rё RЅS–R±RёS‚Rѕ RIRµR»Rё S‡RµSЂRµR· R¦RёRЅRѕRIRµS†SЊ RgRѕ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅR° S‚R° S‡RµSЂRµR· R—R°R»S–R·RЅSѓ R SѓRgSѓ RgRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° R†RIR°RЅR° RћSЃS‚SЂSЏRЅRёS†S– RI RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅ [1] [R†RIR°RЅ RџRѕR»S‚R°RIRµS†SЊ-RћSЃS‚SЂSЏRЅRёS†SЏ – RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RїRёSЃR°SЂ RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR° RџR°RIR»R° RЎRyeRѕSЂRѕRїR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅ RЈRќRђRљRћRўRћ – RЈRќRђRљRћR  RI RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–S— – R†Rџ].

R’S–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ RgRѕ R·RIS–S‚Sѓ, R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye Sѓ 1937 SЂ. RїRѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёRISЃSЏ R· S–RЅR¶. RђRЅS‚RѕRЅS–RЅRѕRј RљR»RµS‡R°RЅRµRyeRѕRј, R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeRѕRј S‚R° SЃRїS–RIRIR»R°SЃRЅRёRyeRѕRј S„S–SЂRјRё RљR»RµS‡R°RЅRµRye S– R’RѕRЅRgSЂR°S‡RµRye (Sѓ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕRјSѓ RЅR°R·RIR° "RђRЅS‚RѕRЅ RљR»RµS‚S‡R°RЅRµRye S‚R° R’RµRЅR·RµR»SЊ R’RѕRЅRgSЂR°S€RµRye"), R· RѕS„S–SЃRѕRј Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S– RЅR° R’R°S†R»R°RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїR»RѕS‰S– v„–17.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— R·R°R»RёS€RyeS–RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RI R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– 1939 SЂ., RIS–RЅ RЅR°S‡RµR±S‚Rѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёRI S„SѓRЅRgR°RјRµRЅS‚ RgR»SЏ RЎR” Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S–. R—R° SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRyeRё R”SѓR±SЂR°RIRyeRё R„S‚RјR°SЂRѕRIRѕS—, RљR»RµS‡R°RЅRµRye S‚R° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё RI R±SѓRgS–RIRµR»SЊRЅS–R№ S„S–SЂRјS– RїSЂRёR№RѕRјRЅRёR№ RїSѓRЅRyeS‚ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»S–RI SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё (SD-Blockstelle).

R’RѕRЅRё RЅR°RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR¶SѓRIR°R»Rё RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё RIS–Rg S‚R°S”RјRЅRёS… R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI, SЏRyeS– Sѓ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕRјSѓ RїRµSЂRµRgR°RIR°R»Rё S—S… RgRѕ S„S–R»S–R°R»Sѓ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё RЎR” 110 (SD-Auenstelle), R·R°RјR°SЃRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕRјSѓ RїS–Rg S„S–SЂRјSѓ "RўRµRyeSЃS‚RёR»S–SЏ" RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– R· RљSѓSЂS‚RѕRј R’R°R»SЊS‚RµSЂRѕRј R’S–R»SЊS„RµSЂRѕRј (RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅS–Rј S–RЅR¶. RћS‚S‚Rѕ R“R°RIR»S–S‡RµRye) S‚R° Sѓ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕRјSѓ R“RµRgRIS–RyeRё R’RѕR»RyeRµR»RѕRIRѕS— (RїSЃRµRIRg. RњR°SЂS–SЏ R”RIRѕSЂR¶R°RyeRѕRIR°), S‰Rѕ S„SѓRЅRyeS†S–RѕRЅSѓRIR°R»R° R·R° S‚S–S”SЋ R¶ R°RgSЂRµSЃRѕSЋ.

R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RѕS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°RI RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RIS–Rg RµRјS–RiSЂR°RЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeS–R» (…) RїRµSЂRµRg RIS‚RµS‡RµSЋ RI S‡R°SЃRё SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— (RљR»RµS‡R°RЅRµRye) SЂR°R·RѕRј R· R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeRѕRј SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё SЃRїRёSЃRѕRye R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI, SЏRyeRёR№ RIR·SЏR»Rё S–R· SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ RgRѕ R‘R°RIR°SЂS–S— (…). 

R—RIS–S‚ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R±R°R·SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ RЅR° SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏS… RњR°SЂS–S— RљRѕR»R°SЂR¶RѕRIRѕS—, RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅSЊRѕS— SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS†S– S„S–SЂRјRё RљR»RµS‡R°RЅRµRye S‚R° R’RѕRЅRgSЂR°S‡RµRye, SЏRyeR° RIS–Rg 14 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1949 SЂ. RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°R»R° Sѓ R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕRјSѓ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅS–.

"RЈ S…RIRёR»RёRЅRё, RyeRѕR»Rё RIRѕRЅR° S‡RµRyeR°R»R° RЅR° RgRѕRїRёS‚ Sѓ S‚R°R±RѕSЂS– RgR»SЏ R±S–R¶RµRЅS†S–RI RI RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–, S—R№ R·R°S‚RµR»RµS„RѕRЅSѓRIR°RI R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye (…) RљRѕR»Rё RIRѕRЅR° R№RѕRјSѓ R¶R°R»S–R»R°SЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ S‡RµSЂRµR· RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ R±SѓRgRµ RЅR° 2,5 SЂRѕRyeRё SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅR°, R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye S—R№ RїRѕRѕR±S–S†SЏRI, S‰Rѕ RISЃRµ R±SѓRgRµ RgRѕR±SЂRµ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ S—S— R»SЋR±RёS‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё R±SѓRgSѓS‚SЊ SЂR°R·RѕRј RјRµS€RyeR°S‚Rё RI R‘R°R№SЂRѕR№S‚S– S‡Rё RI R‘RµSЂS…S‚RµSЃRiR°RgRµRЅS– (…)

R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye S—S— R·R°RїRµRIRЅRёRI, S‰Rѕ RЅR° R№RѕRiRѕ S–Rј’SЏ S” R·R°RїSЂRѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RI RџR°SЃSЃR°Sѓ, R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅS†S– RїSЂRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЏS‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ S” R»SЋRgRёRЅRѕSЋ RIRµR»RёRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃS‚RёR»SЋ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RgRѕS—S…R°RI RgRѕ RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅR°".

RЇRye SЃRIRѕSЋ R°RgSЂRµSЃSѓ RIS–RЅ R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёRI RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅ, RїRѕS€S‚RѕRIRµ RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ 23, RџRѕSЃS‚R»R°RiRµSЂRЅRg.

R¤RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–SЏ RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° R· RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕSЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RѕSЃRѕR±Rё, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ S‡RёRЅRЅRёRј RgRѕ 15.08.1959

RЈ R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– S‚R° RiSЂSѓRgRЅS– 1949 SЂ. RњR°SЂS–SЏ RљRѕR»R°SЂR¶RѕRIR° RїRёSЃR°R»R° RЅR° R°RgSЂRµSЃSѓ RgRѕRyeS‚RѕSЂR° RїSЂR°RIRѕR·RЅR°RISЃS‚RIR° RЁRµR±RѕSЂR°, SЏRyeRёR№ RјRµS€RyeR°RI RЅR° RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚S–, "S‰RѕR± S…S‚RѕSЃSЊ R· R“SЂR°RgRµS†SЊ RљSЂR°R»RѕRIRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRёS—S…R°RI RїRѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° (…)".

R§RµSЂRµR· S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ R°RЅS– RЅRµ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ, R°RЅS– RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїSЂRёS—S…R°RI, RIRѕRЅR° RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»R° RIS–RgRIS–RgR°S‚Rё S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRµ RyeRѕRЅSЃSѓR»SЊSЃS‚RIRѕ Sѓ RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–, RgRµ RIRёRјR°RiR°R»R°, "S‰RѕR± R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё". R‡R№ RgS–SЃS‚R°R»R°SЃSЏ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RїRѕSЂR°RgR° "RїRѕRIRµSЂS‚R°R»R°SЃSЏ S‚S–S”SЋ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕSЋ, SЏRyeRѕSЋ RїSЂRёR№S€R»R°, RgRѕ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё".

10 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1950 SЂ. S—S— R·R°R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR° RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRјSѓ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅS–, R° S‡RµSЂRµR· 5 RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI R·R°SЃSѓRgRёR»Rё RЅR° 14 SЂRѕRyeS–RI SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ.

"RќR° SЃRIS–R№ R·R°S…RёSЃS‚ RљRѕR»R°SЂR¶RѕRIR° R·R°R·RЅR°S‡R°R»R°, S‰Rѕ S…RѕS‚S–R»R° SЃRїRѕRyeSѓS‚SѓRIR°S‚Rё RyeSЂRёRIRgSѓ, SЏRyeSѓ RIS‡RёRЅRёR»R° RI SЂRѕRyeRё RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— (…) RўRѕRјSѓ RѕRїRёRЅRёR»R°SЃSЏ RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј RgR»SЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰RѕR± RјR°S‚Rё R·RјRѕRiSѓ R·RЅR°R№S‚Rё S‚R°Rј R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° S‚R° RїRµSЂRµRgR°S‚Rё R№RѕRiRѕ S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёRј SЃR»SѓR¶R±R°Rј".

14 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1954 SЂ. RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRye 5-RiRѕ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ RњR’RЎ [2] RyeR°RїS–S‚R°RЅ RђRЅS‚RѕRЅS–RЅ RћRїR»S–S€S‚S–R» RgR°RI R·R°RїRёS‚ RI RЈRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRѕ-RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё (1-Rµ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ) "S‰RѕRgRѕ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕSЃS‚S– RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂRyeRё S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, R°R±Rѕ R¶ RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RѕS— RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° R’R°S€RѕSЋ R°RiRµRЅS‚SѓSЂRѕSЋ (…)".

R†R· RїRѕRyeR°R·S–RI SЃRIS–RgRyeS–RI S‚R° RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»S–RI, R·S–R±SЂR°RЅRёS… 5-Rј RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёRј RIS–RgRgS–R»RѕRј RњR’RЎ, RIRёRїR»RёRIR°R»Rѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ S– RI S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅS–R№ S‡R°SЃ RIS–RЅ "R·R°R№RјR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј S€RїRёRiSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЎR RЎR  S‚R° S–RЅS€RёS… RyeSЂR°S—RЅ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS— RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–S—".

R§RµSЂRµR· RјS–SЃSЏS†SЊ, 12 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1954 SЂ. RyeR°RїS–S‚R°RЅ RћRїR»S–S€S‚S–R» SЃS…RIR°R»RёRI RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ SЃS‚R°SЂS€RѕRiRѕ SЂRµS„RµSЂRµRЅS‚R° 1-RiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ 5-RiRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ RњR’RЎ RїS–RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRyeR° RћR»RgSЂR¶RёS…R° RЇRЅRµS‡RµRyeR° S‰RѕRgRѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚RѕRiRѕ RѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕRiRѕ S‚RѕRјSѓ "R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»" RЅR° RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°, RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeR° "SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕ-RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RјRµSЂRµR¶S–" RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS–, S‚RѕS‡RЅS–S€Rµ "SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S€RїRёRiSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRµSЂRµR¶S–", R·RI’SЏR·R°RЅRѕS— SЏRye R· R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅRѕRј, S‚R°Rye S– R· RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅRѕRј.

"R—R° S‡R°SЃRё S€RїRёRiSѓRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S– R№RѕRјSѓ RgRѕRїRѕRјR°RiR°R»Rё S‰Rµ R№ S–RЅS€S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚Rё, SЏRyeS– SѓSЃS– SЂR°R·RѕRј RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїSЂRёS…RѕRgSѓ R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕS— RђSЂRјS–S— RIS‚RµRyeR»Rё R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ, RyeSѓRgRё S–R· SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ RIRёRIRµR·R»Rё SЃRїRёSЃRѕRye R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI RЎR”, R· SЏRyeRёRјRё SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»Rё".

R’S–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ RgRѕ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— R· 1949 SЂ., R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓRIR°RI RI RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS– "SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SЂR°R·RѕRј R· RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RѕSЋ R°RiRµRЅS‚SѓSЂRѕSЋ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё S‚R° RЎR RЎR ".

17 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1954 SЂ. RїS–RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RЇRЅRµS‡RµRye R· R°SЂS…S–RIRЅRёS… RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»S–RI RIRёRїRёSЃR°RI RЅR°R№RIR°R¶R»RёRIS–S€S– SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°.

RџS–RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RћR»RgSЂR¶RёS… RЇRЅRµS‡RµRye RI 1954-1955 SЂSЂ. RїS–RgRiRѕS‚SѓRIR°RI RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЋ "R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»"  Sѓ 5-RјSѓ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕRјSѓ RIS–RgRgS–R»S– RњR’RЎ S‚R° 3-RјSѓ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅS– RњR’RЎ R§RЎR 

RќR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, R·R° S‚RIRµSЂRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏRј R™RѕR·RµS„R° RџRѕSЃRїS–S€RёR»R°, S‚RѕR№ RїRµSЂRµRg R†R† SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕSЋ RIS–R№RЅRѕSЋ "RyeRµSЂSѓRIR°RI R· RџSЂR°RiRё S€RїS–RѕRЅR°R¶RµRј RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЎR RЎR , R· SЏRyeRѕSЋSЃSЊ S†S–R»R»SЋ RјR°RI RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R°RiRµRЅS‚SѓSЂSѓ" (RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚ RIS–Rg 22 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1945).

RљRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRye SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё RЎR” 110 RљSѓSЂS‚ R’S–R»SЊS„RµSЂ R·R°SЏRIR»SЏRI, S‰Rѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye "R±SѓRI RgSѓR¶Rµ SЃS‚R°SЂR°RЅRЅRёRј R°RiRµRЅS‚RѕRј RЎR”" (SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RIS–Rg 5 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1948 SЂ.).

Rђ R·S– SЃR»S–RI RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR° RyeR°RЅS†RµR»SЏSЂS–S— RЎR” RџSЂR°RiRё, R° RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ S€RµS„R° SD-Dienstelle R“SЂR°RgRµS†SЊ-RљSЂR°R»RѕRIR° R’RµSЂRЅS„SЂS–RgR° RџR»R°S„S„R°, R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye "S–R· 1939 SЂ. RgS–SЏRI SЏRye RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· RЅR°R№R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅS–S€RёS… S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S‚RѕSЂS–RI RgR»SЏ RЎR”, R° SЃR°RјRµ RgR»SЏ SЃRµRyeS‚RѕSЂSѓ "R¤", R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј RgR»SЏ 110. RџSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI SЂR°R·RѕRј S–R· R°RiRµRЅS‚RѕRј RљR»RµS‡R°RЅRµRyeRѕRј. R‘SѓR»Rё SѓS‚R°S”RјRЅRёS‡RµRЅS– RїS–Rg RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅS–RјR°RјRё R RѕRјR°RЅ S‚R° RђR»SЊR±RµSЂS‚. RљRѕS‚SЂRµ R· RЅRёS… RјR°RI R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RјRµRЅS– RЅRµ RIS–RgRѕRјRѕ" (SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ 15 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1952 SЂ.).

RќR° RѕSЃRЅRѕRIS– RIRёRIS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ R°SЂS…S–RIRЅRёS… RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»S–RI RїSЂRѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°, R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅRЅSѓ S€RyeS–RgR»RёRISѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїS–RgS‚RIRµSЂRgRёRI 2 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1954 SЂ. R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeR° 5-RiRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ RњR’RЎ RЅR°RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye R¤RѕSЂRјR°RЅRµRye RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRѕSЋ RїSЂRѕ R·R°RIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚RѕRiRѕ RѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕRiRѕ S‚RѕRјSѓ R· RyeSЂRёRїS‚RѕRЅS–RјRѕRј "R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»".

"R‘SѓRI SЃS‚R°SЂR°RЅRЅRёRј R°RiRµRЅS‚RѕRј RЎR” – SЂR°R·RѕRј S–R· S–RЅS€RёRјRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚R°RјRё. RќRёRЅS– S–RЅS‚RµRЅSЃRёRIRЅRѕ RїSЂR°S†SЋS” RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё S‚R° RЎR RЎR  R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј".

RџRѕRgR°R»SЊS€Sѓ R·R±RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅSѓ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚R°S†S–SЋ Sѓ R·RIS–S‚S– R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRѕ RIR¶Rµ RїS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRµRѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»S–RI RЎR»SѓR¶R±Rё R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё S‚R° RїRµSЂRµRIRµRgRµRЅRЅS– RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI RgRѕ 6-RiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ 3-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ (RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅR° RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeR°).

RђRЅR°R»S–R· SЃS‚R°SЂS€RѕRiRѕ SЂRµS„RµSЂRµRЅS‚R°  RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ 361 RїS–RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRyeR° RЇRЅRµS‡RµRyeR° RIS–Rg 7 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1955 RЅRµ RјS–SЃS‚RёRI RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ, RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ, RyeSЂS–Rј RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚R°S‚R°S†S–S— S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ S‚RѕRј R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRѕ RЅR° RѕSЃRЅRѕRIS– SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅSЊ R™RѕR·RµS„R° R’RѕRЅRgSЂR°S‡RµRyeR°. RЎRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЏ RЅRµR·R°R±R°SЂRѕRј R·RјS–RЅRёR»R°SЃSЏ.

29 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1955 SЂ. RїS–RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RЇRЅRµS‡RµRye R±SѓRI R·RјSѓS€RµRЅRёR№ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRёR№ RїR»R°RЅ RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S— "R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»" RЅR° RїRµSЂS–RѕRg SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ-RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1955 SЂ.

"RћRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ R±SѓRgRµ SЂRѕR·SЂRѕR±R»RµRЅR° R· RјRµS‚RѕSЋ RIRёSЏRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–S… RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚S–RI RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕR±SЂR°RЅSЋRyeR°, S—S… RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– S‚R° R·RI’SЏR·RyeSѓ S–R· R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј, RyeRѕRЅRyeSЂRµS‚RЅRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚S–RI R· RЅRёRјRё R“RѕR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°".

R†R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЋ RIS–SЂRѕRiS–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ, S†RµR№ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃS…RIR°R»RµRЅRѕ. RћS‡RµRIRёRgRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RgRѕ S‚RёS… RїS–SЂ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·RЅR°R№RgRµRЅRѕ R”SѓR±SЂR°RIRyeSѓ R„S‚RјR°SЂRѕRISѓ, RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RgRѕRїRёS‚R°RЅRѕ RњR°SЂS–SЋ RљRѕR»R°SЂR¶RѕRISѓ S‡Rё RЇSЂRѕRјS–SЂSѓ R’S–R»RgRѕRISѓ.

RћSЂRiR°RЅ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR° RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S”SЋ, RїRѕ SЃSѓS‚S–, S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI RїRѕS€RёSЂRёS‚Rё SЂRѕR·SЂRѕR±RyeSѓ R№ RЅR° S–RЅS€RёS… RѕSЃS–R±. RЈ S‚RѕRјSѓ S‡RёSЃR»S–, R№ RЅR° RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅSѓ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° R‘RѕR¶RµRЅSѓ (RI RgS–RIRѕS†S‚RIS– – R¤RѕSЂSЃS‚RѕRISѓ), S‰Rѕ RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°R»R° R·R° R°RgSЂRµSЃRѕSЋ RџSЂR°RiR°, RќSѓSЃS–R»S–S…, RISѓR». RџRµS‚SЂR° R RµR·RµRyeR° 1203/10 [3].

 13 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1958 SЂ. S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ S– RљR”R‘ RЎR RЎR  RЅR°RgR°RI Sѓ SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёRј SЃR»S–RgS‡RёRј SЃRIRѕSЋ R°SЂS…S–RIRЅSѓ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–SЋ RїSЂRѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°

21 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1955 SЂ. RЅR°RgS–SЃR»R°R»Rѕ RЈRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRѕ-RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё SЃRIRѕS— RIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЃS‚S–: "RњRё RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rё RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRµ: RњRёRyeRёS‚R° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°S” RI RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS– RЅR° Arsisstrasse 63 beS– Grünberg.

R¦Rµ – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RµRјS–RiSЂR°RЅS‚, RїSЂRёR±R»RёR·RЅRѕ 60-S‚Rё SЂRѕRyeS–RI, R»SЋRgRёRЅR° RїRѕS…RёR»RѕRiRѕ RIS–RyeSѓ, SЂS–SЃS‚ 175 SЃRј, S‚RѕRISЃS‚SѓRIR°S‚RёR№, SЃRёRЅS– RѕS‡S–, RISѓSЃR° R°-R»SЏ R’S–R»SЊRiRµR»SЊRј R†R†, SЃRёRIRµ RIRѕR»RѕSЃSЃSЏ. R— 1922 SЂ. RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°RI Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S–, RgRµ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI Sѓ R±SѓRgS–RIRµR»SЊRЅS–R№ S„S–SЂRјS–.

RђRIR°RЅS‚SЋSЂRёSЃS‚, SЏRyeRёR№ S–R· SЃRµSЂR¶R°RЅS‚R° S‡Rё RїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRyeR° R±S–R»RѕRiRIR°SЂRgS–R№S†SЏ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RµRyeR·RёR»SЋ RI R§RЎR  RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RїS–RgRIRёS‰RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»R°. RЈ R§RЎR  RIS–Rg 1938 SЂ. R¶RёRI R·R° SЂR°S…SѓRЅRѕRye S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S‚RѕSЂSЃS‚RIR°, RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅR° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RїRѕR»S–S†S–SЋ.

RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅR° R“RµSЃS‚R°RїRѕ S‚R° RЎR”. RџRµSЂRµRg R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј RIS–R№RЅRё RїSЂRёR№S€RѕRI RgRѕ RљR°R»SЊS‚RµRЅR°S†Rye R±S–R»SЏ RџR°SЃSЃR°Sѓ, RgRµ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅR° RЎS–-RђR№-RЎS– [RљRѕSЂRїSѓSЃ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё, RЎRЁRђ, Counter Intelligence Corps – R . Rњ.] R°R¶ RgRѕ 1947 SЂ., RЅS–R±RёS‚Rѕ Sѓ SЏRyeRѕSЃS‚S– S€RµS„R° RЎS–-RђR№-RЎS– Sѓ RџR°SЃSЃR°Sѓ.

R R°R·RѕRј S–R· RЅRёRј SѓS‚S–Rye S–R· R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё S–RЅR¶. Rђ. RљR»RµS‡R°RЅRµRye, SЏRyeRёR№ RµRјS–RiSЂSѓRIR°RI 1951 SЂ. RgRѕ RЎRЁRђ S‚R° R¶RёRI Sѓ R§RёRyeR°RiRѕ (1656 South Karlov Ave Chicago, 23). RЈ S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅS–R№ S‡R°SЃ RIRѕRЅRё RЅRµ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјSѓSЋS‚SЊ R·RI’SЏR·RyeRё.

R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye SЃRїSЂRѕR±SѓRIR°RI R·R°RI’SЏR·R°S‚Rё RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёRЅRё R· R±R°RЅRgRµSЂS–RIS†SЏRјRё, R° RI 1951-1952 SЂSЂ. RјR°RI R·RI’SЏR·RyeRё S–R· RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»RѕRј R“SѓR»SЏS”RIRёRј [GULAJEVEM, RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ, R№RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ R”RµRјRёRgR° R“SѓR»R°SЏ - RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRISѓ S„S–R»S–S— RЈRќRђRљRћRўRћ RI R‘RѕR»RiR°SЂS–S—, SЏRyeRёR№ Sѓ 1950-S… R·SЏRIRёRISЃSЏ Sѓ R¤R Rќ, RgRµ RјR°RI SЃRyeR°RЅRgR°R»SЊRЅSѓ SЂRµRїSѓS‚R°S†S–SЋ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R°RiRµRЅS‚R° S– RјRѕSЃRyeRIRѕS„S–R»R°  R†Rџ]. RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–Rј S‡R°SЃRѕRј R±RµR·SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅRѕ RЅR°RјR°RiR°RISЃSЏ R·R°RI’SЏR·R°S‚Rё RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚Rё S–R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ SЂR°RgRѕSЋ Sѓ RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–.

RќRёRЅS– RјR°S” RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚Rё SЏRye S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S‚RѕSЂ RgR»SЏ RјSЋRЅS…RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S†S–S— S‚R° RgR»SЏ R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕRЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё – R¤RµRgRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё R·R°S…RёSЃS‚Sѓ RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–S—.

R†RјRїRµSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕS‚RµRyeS‚RѕSЂ R‘RѕRiRµRјS–S— S‚R° RњRѕSЂR°RIS–S— (RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeR° RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–R№RЅR° RЅR°R·RIR° R§RµS…S–S—) R RµR№RЅRiR°SЂRg R“RµR№RgSЂS–S… R·R°RїSЂRѕS€SѓRIR°RI RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° RgRѕ R’RµR»RµS‚SЂR¶RЅRѕRiRѕ RїR°R»R°S†Sѓ Sѓ SЂR°R№RѕRЅS– RџSЂR°RiR°-R“RѕR»RµS€RѕRIS–S†Rё RЅR° RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚S‚SЏ RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeRё "R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°R№" 28 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1942 SЂ. 

RЈ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕRјSѓ 5 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1955 SЂ. RїS–RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RЇRЅRµS‡RµRye R· RїRѕSЃRёR»R°RЅRЅSЏRј RЅR° S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–SЋ R†-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI RїRѕRyeR»R°SЃS‚Rё S‚RѕRј "R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»" RgRѕ RѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕRiRѕ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ RЅR° RїRµSЂS–RѕRg 5 SЂRѕRyeS–RI.

RџSЂRё S‡RѕRјSѓ R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёRI: "R¦RёRј RIS–RgRgS–R»RѕRј R±SѓR»Rё RѕRїSЂR°S†SЊRѕRIR°RЅS– RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS– RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚Rё R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°, S‰Rѕ R·RЅR°S…RѕRgSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— R§RЎR  R· RјRµS‚RѕSЋ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕS— RIS‚RµS‡S– R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ S‚R° RїSЂRѕRЅRёRyeRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ RI RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–, RgRµ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye R·R°RIRgSЏRyeRё RљRѕR»R°SЂR¶RѕRIS– RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°S” RIS–Rg 1949 SЂ.".

RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј SЂRѕR·SЂRѕR±RyeRё, RјRѕRIR»SЏRI, RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ "RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‚Rё RyeRѕRЅRyeSЂRµS‚RЅSѓ RIRѕSЂRѕR¶Sѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R№RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚S–RI".

R¦SЋ RїSЂRѕRїRѕR·RёS†S–SЋ RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeR° RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ 361 RЅR°RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRyeR° R¤RѕSЂRјR°RЅRµRyeR° RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°RI R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeR° 6-RiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ RyeR°RїS–S‚R°RЅ RђRЅS‚RѕRЅS–RЅ RћRїR»S–S€S‚S–R» S‚R° SЃS…RIR°R»RёRI RgSЂSѓRiRёR№ R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeR° 3-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ RјR°R№RѕSЂ R™RѕR·RµS„ R‘RµRЅRµS€.

R— 20 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1955 SЂ. S‚RѕRј RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RI Sѓ RїS–RgRїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅS– 1-RiRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ RњR’RЎ.

R’RёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ

RЈ RgSЂSѓRiS–R№ RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅS– R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1957 SЂ. RgRѕ RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S— RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° – S‚RµRїRµSЂ RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S— "R“RѕRјRµR·" – R±SѓR»Rѕ R·R°R»SѓS‡RµRЅRѕ RGSѓR±RµSЂS‚R° RЁRёSЃS‚R»SЏ, R°RISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂR°R±R°RЅRgRёSЃS‚R° S‚R° RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕRiRѕ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ R°RiRµRЅS‚R° RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё 2-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ R· RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅS–RјRѕRј "RђSЂRЅRѕ" [4].

RќRµS‰RѕRgR°RIRЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµRg S†RёRј RIS–RЅ SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅRѕ R·RgS–R№SЃRЅRёRI RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RїRµSЂRµRїSЂR°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ R· R’S–RgRЅSЏ RgRѕ RџSЂR°RiRё SЂRѕR·SЂRѕR±R»RµRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRѕSЋ R™RѕR·RµS„R° R’S–S†RµRЅR° (RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R„RIR°"), S‰Rѕ, RyeSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ, RgR°R»Rѕ R·RјRѕRiSѓ RѕSЂRiR°RЅR°Rј RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕS— R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё R»S–RyeRIS–RgSѓRIR°S‚Rё SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅSѓ "RјRµSЂRµR¶Sѓ R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё".

R’S–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ RјR°R№RѕSЂR° R‡SЂR¶S– R¤S–S€RµSЂR° R· 8-RiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ 2-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»Rѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЋ S„R°R·Sѓ RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S— "R“RѕRјRµR·"

R’S–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ RgRѕ R·RIS–S‚Sѓ, RЁRёSЃS‚R»SЊ RјR°RI "SЏRye RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂR°R±R°RЅRgRёSЃS‚ S‚R° SЃRїRµRyeSѓR»SЏRЅS‚ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRµ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏ RјRѕSЂR°R»S–, S‡RµSЃS‚S–, RIS–SЂRЅRѕSЃS‚S– S– S‚.Rg. (…)

R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕSЋ S†S–R»R»SЋ R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°S‚Rё RЅRµRѕRgRјS–RЅRЅRѕ RIRёSЃRѕRyeRёR№ R·RёSЃRye, S– RЅRµ R·RIRµSЂS‚R°S‚Rё SѓRIR°RiSѓ RЅR° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RїRѕSЂSѓS€SѓS” RїSЂR°RIRѕRIS– RЅRѕSЂRјRё, SЂRёR·RёRyeSѓS” SЂRµRїSѓS‚R°S†S–S”SЋ, RЅR°SЂR°R¶R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµRyeSѓ SЃSѓRgRѕRIRёS… SЃR°RЅRyeS†S–R№, RїRѕSЂR°RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ S‡Rё SЃRјRµSЂS‚S–.

RўR°RyeS– SЂRёR·RёRyeRё R±SѓR»Rё RgR»SЏ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ R±SѓRgRµRЅRЅRѕSЋ SЃRїSЂR°RIRѕSЋ S‚R° RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RIRgR°S‡S–".

RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј 12 R°RiRµRЅS‚SѓSЂRЅRёS… R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡RµR№ RIRѕSЃRµRЅRё 1957 – RIRµSЃRЅRё 1958 SЂ. S‚R°S”RјRЅRёR№ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye "RђSЂRЅRѕ" R±SѓRI RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјR»RµRЅRёR№ R· RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S”SЋ "R“RѕRјRµR·".

R’S–RЅ RїRµSЂRµRgR°RI 5 RїRёSЃSЊRјRѕRIRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI S‰RѕRgRѕ RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIRyeRё RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ.

RќR° SЂSѓR±RµR¶S– R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ S– RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1958 SЂ. RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRёR№ S–RЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚R°R¶, RI S‚RѕRјSѓ S‡RёSЃR»S– R·R°R»SѓS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ SЃRїSЂR°RIRё R°RiRµRЅS‚R° 1-RiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ 2-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ "R“RѕS‚R°SЂRµRyeR°" [5], "S—S… RѕSЃRЅR°S‰RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIRyeR° RgRѕ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ S„R°R»SЊS€RёRIRёS… RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI, S‚RµS…RЅS–S‡RЅRёS… S‚R° S…S–RјS–S‡RЅRёS… R·R°SЃRѕR±S–RI".

RџSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ, R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRyeR»R°RgRµRЅRѕ R· RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅ. RќR°R№RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ R· RyeS–RЅS†RµRј S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ 1958 SЂ. R±SѓR»R° RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ RїRѕRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅR°, R°RiRµRЅS‚Sѓ "RђSЂRЅRѕ" R№RѕRiRѕ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRye RЅR°RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye R‡SЂR¶S– RќRѕRIS–S†SЊRyeRёR№ R·RЅRѕRISѓ RgR°RI R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ SЃRїRѕSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°S‚Rё R·R° RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂRѕRј R“RѕR±R°RЅSЋRyeRѕRј S‚R°, RѕS‡RµRIRёRgRЅRѕ, R·R° S–RЅS€RёRјRё RѕSЃRѕR±R°RјRё R· R№RѕRiRѕ RѕS‚RѕS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ.

R”Rѕ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ "RђSЂRЅRѕ" S‚R° "R“RѕS‚R°SЂRµRye" RїSЂRёSЃS‚SѓRїRёR»Rё 25 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1958 SЂ. RI RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–. RџSЂRё RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅS– RIRѕRЅRё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRёR»RёSЃSЏ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeRѕRIS– SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR°RјRё R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕRЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— RyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S†S–S— R· S‚RѕSЋ RјRµS‚RѕSЋ, S‰RѕR± S‚RѕR№ RЅR°RgR°RI SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ R·R°S‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRёSЏS‚RµR»SЏ.

"RЈSЃRµ RIS–RgR±SѓR»RѕSЃSЏ RiR»R°RgRyeRѕ, RIRyeR°R·R°RЅR° RѕSЃRѕR±R° R±SѓR»R° RIS–RgSЂR°R·Sѓ RI RјR°S€RёRЅS– RїSЂRёSЃRїR°RЅR° SЃRЅRѕRgS–R№RЅRёRј, R° S‚RѕRјSѓ RѕR±RѕS… SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI RIS–RЅ R±R°S‡RёRI S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЃRµRyeSѓRЅRg. R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RЅR° RѕRgRЅRµ RѕRyeRѕ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RIR·R°RiR°R»S– RЅRµ R±R°S‡RёS‚SЊ, R° RI RїRµSЂS–RѕRg RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓRI RIR¶Rµ RI RgSѓR¶Rµ RїRѕS…RёR»RѕRјSѓ RIS–S†S–".

RђRiRµRЅS‚ "RђSЂRЅRѕ" R·R° SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅRµ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ R™RѕR·RµS„Rµ R’S–S†RµRЅR° S‚R° RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RIS–Rg 2-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ RїSЂRµRјS–SЋ Sѓ SЂRѕR·RјS–SЂS– 260 000 S€RёR»S–RЅRiS–RI.

RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S— "R“RѕRјRµR·" S‚R° RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕS— RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S— "R‘RѕSЂRёSЃ" RIS–RЅ R·R°RyeSѓRїRёRI S‚R° R±RµR·RјRёS‚RЅRѕ R·R°RIS–R· RgRѕ R§RЎR  3 RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚S– R°RIS‚RѕRјRѕR±S–R»S– S‚R° RѕRgRёRЅ RјS–RyeSЂRѕR°RIS‚RѕR±SѓSЃ, SЏRyeRёR№ Sѓ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕRјSѓ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»Rё RњR’RЎ.

R— R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1958 SЂ. "RђSЂRЅRѕ" S–RЅS‚RµRЅSЃRёRIRЅRѕ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅR°Rg RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S”SЋ "R‘RѕSЂRёSЃ", S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ S‰RѕRgRѕ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ RIRёRIRµR·RµRЅRЅSЏ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё, RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeR° RћRЈRќ Sѓ RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–. R—R° RgRIR° RgRЅS– RїRµSЂRµRg S‚SЂRµS‚SЊRѕSЋ SЃRїSЂRѕR±RѕSЋ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ RIR±RёRI R°RiRµRЅS‚ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RљR”R‘.

R§RµSЂRµR· SЂS–Rye "RђSЂRЅRѕ" RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RёRI RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIRyeSѓ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeS–RI SЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRѕS— RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–S— R¤RµSЂRgS–RЅR°RЅRgR° R”SѓSЂS‡R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ (RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R”S–SЃRye-R”RѕSЂRЅ"), R° RI RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕRјSѓ R№ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ R™RѕR·RµS„R° RњR°S€RёRЅR° RI SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– 1962 SЂ. (RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R‘SЂR°S‚Rё").

RќR°RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye R‡SЂR¶S– RќRѕRIS–S†SЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓRI Sѓ 1957-1959 SЂSЂ. RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeRѕRј R°RiRµRЅS‚R° "RђSЂRЅRѕ

R”RµS‚R°R»SЊRЅRёR№ R°RЅR°R»S–R· SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R· R°RiRµRЅS‚RѕRј RGSѓR±RµSЂS‚RѕRј RЁRёSЃS‚R»RµRј R· RyeS–RЅS†SЏ 60-S… SЂSЂ. RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚R°S‚SѓRIR°RI:

"RЎRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeSѓ RљR°SЂR»Sѓ RјRё SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё SЂRµRїSѓS‚R°S†S–SЋ RЅR°R№S‚R°R»R°RЅRѕRIRёS‚S–S€RѕRiRѕ S‚R° RЅR°R№RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–S€RѕRiRѕ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR° RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRѕS— SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё.

RњRё RЅRµ RїS–RgRgR°RIR°R»Rё SЃSѓRјRЅS–RIR°Rј (R·R° RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRyeR°RјRё SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅRёS… RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅSЊ R’S–S†RµRЅR° S‚R° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°) R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°RgS–R№RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚R° RIS–RgRgR°RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, R° S‚RѕRјSѓ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRѕ R¶RѕRgRЅRѕS— RIR°R¶R»RёRIRѕS— RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂRyeRё S‚R° RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·R°R±RµR·RїRµS‡RµRЅRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЊ".

RђRЅR°R»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ RIS–RgRgS–R» 2-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RЎR»SѓR¶R±Rё RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё RјR°RI RїS–RgRѕR·SЂRё, S‰Rѕ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye RјS–Ri R±SѓS‚Rё R· RїRѕRiR»SЏRgSѓ S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё R°RiRµRЅS‚RѕRј-RgRIRѕSЂSѓS€RЅRёRyeRѕRј, SЏRyeRёR№, S‚RёRј R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ, RЅRµ R·RЅR°S…RѕRgRёRI R¶RѕRgRЅSѓ RIR°R¶R»RёRISѓ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–SЋ.

"RќR° S€RyeRѕRgSѓ R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgS†S– RIS–RЅ RїSЂRѕRIS–RI RgR»SЏ RЅR°SЃ 4 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ 1957 RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ S—S… SЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R™RѕR·RµS„R° R’S–S†RµRЅR° S‚R° 26 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1958 SЂ. RїRµSЂRµRIRµR·RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»R° Rќ. R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°.

RўR°RyeRѕR¶ RI RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏS… "R”S–SЃRye-R”RѕSЂRЅ", "R‘RѕSЂRёSЃ" S‚R° "R‘SЂR°S‚Rё", SЏRyeS– RјR°R»Rё RЅR° RјRµS‚S– R°RЅR°R»RѕRiS–S‡RЅS– S†S–R»S–, RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye RљR°SЂR» R· S–RЅS–S†S–R°S‚RёRIRѕSЋ S‚R° R· R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ".

R† S†Rµ RїSЂRё S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ "RЅRµ R±SѓR»R° RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RµRЅR° RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕRgRIS–R№RЅRѕS— RiSЂRё, RЅR° RѕSЃRЅRѕRIS– RјS–SЂRyeSѓRIR°RЅSЊ S‰RѕRgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– RIS–RЅ RјR°RI R±Rё RgR»SЏ R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё RIRµR»RёRyeRµ R·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ, Sѓ SЏRyeRѕSЃS‚S– RїS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ S‡Rё RїRµSЂRµRIRµSЂR±RѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ R°RiRµRЅS‚R°".

RџRѕRјS–R¶ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI S‚R° S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–R№, SЏRyeS– RјR°RI RїSЂRё SЃRѕR±S– RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye Sѓ RgRµRЅSЊ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ, R±SѓRI S– S†RµR№ RїSЂRёRјS–SЂRЅRёRye "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕR·R°RyeR°" RIS–Rg 1 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1924 SЂ.

RђRЅR°R»S–S‚RёRye 2-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RgS–R№S€RѕRI RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– RgRѕ R°R±SЃSѓSЂRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RIRёSЃRЅRѕRIRyeSѓ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– 50-S… SЂSЂ. R™RѕR·RµS„ R’S–S†RµRЅ, Rќ. R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye S‚R° S–RЅS€S– RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ RјR°R»Rё RgR»SЏ R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RIR°R¶R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ R·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ.

"RўRёRј, S‰Rѕ RgR»SЏ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR°S€RѕS— RgRѕRIS–SЂRё RgRѕ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR° RљR°SЂR»R° R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕR¶RµSЂS‚RISѓRIR°RЅRѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeRѕRј, R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeR° RїRѕR·R±R°RIR»SЏR»R°SЃSЏ R± RIR¶Rµ RЅRµR·SЂSѓS‡RЅRѕS—, SЃRyeRѕRјRїSЂRѕRјRµS‚RѕRIR°RЅRѕS— RѕSЃRѕR±Rё, SЏRyeR° RЅRµ R±SѓR»R° RgR»SЏ RЅRёS… RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂRѕRyeS–RI RЅS–SЏRyeRёRј R·RgRѕR±SѓS‚RyeRѕRј.

R—R° S‚RIRµSЂRµR·RёRј SЂRѕR·SЂR°S…SѓRЅRyeRѕRј, S‚R°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ S– Sѓ RIRёRїR°RgRyeR°S… RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅSЊ RI S…RѕRgS– RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–R№ "R”S–SЃRye-R”RѕSЂRЅ", "R‘RѕSЂRёSЃ" S‚R° "R‘SЂR°S‚Rё". R”R»SЏ R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё S†Rµ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ S‡RёRјRѕSЃSЊ RЅRµR·RIRёS‡RЅRёRј, S‚RѕRјSѓ S‰Rѕ S– RI S–RЅS€RёS… RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏS… RIRѕRЅR° R¶RµSЂS‚RISѓRIR°R»R° RI S–RЅS‚RµSЂRµSЃR°S… R·RјS–S†RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕRIS–SЂRё SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRјRё, RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅRѕ-S‚RµS…RЅS–S‡RЅRёRјRё R·R°SЃRѕR±R°RјRё, RЅRѕRIRёRјRё RїR°S‚RµRЅS‚R°RјRё RgRѕRIRѕR»S– RIRёSЃRѕRyeRѕS— RIR°SЂS‚RѕSЃS‚S– S– S‚.Rg.".

R—R°R·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRµ RјS–SЂRyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRyeRѕSЂS–S€Rµ RIS–RgRIRµSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё SѓRIR°RiSѓ RIS–Rg RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RЎR»SѓR¶R±Rё R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё R·R° SЂRµR°R»S–R·RѕRIR°RЅS– S‡Rё R·R°RїR»R°RЅRѕRIR°RЅS– "R±RѕR№RѕRIS– RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S—", S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ RѕSЃS–R± S–R· SЃSѓSЃS–RgRЅS–S… RgRµSЂR¶R°RI, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rё R·R° R·R°R»S–R·RЅRѕSЋ R·R°RIS–SЃRѕSЋ.

RЎR»S–RgSЃS‚RIRѕ

25 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1958 SЂ. RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡ RЅR°RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RЇRЅ RЎS‚SѓRgRµRЅRёR№ R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI SѓR·SЏS‚Rё RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° RїS–Rg S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIRёR№ R°SЂRµS€S‚ S‚R° RїRѕRјS–SЃS‚RёS‚Rё RgRѕ RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S– RњR’RЎ RџSЂR°RiR° v„–1, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃS…RIR°R»RµRЅRѕ R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeR° RЎR»S–RgS‡RѕRiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ RјR°R№RѕSЂRѕRј R™RѕR·RµS„RѕRј R›RµRgR»RѕSЋ. RўRѕRiRѕ R¶ RgRЅSЏ Rѕ 16:00 RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI RїRµSЂRµRїSЂR°RIR»RµRЅRёR№ RgRѕ RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S– SЂR°R№RѕRЅSѓ R SѓR·RёRЅRµ RI RџSЂR°R·S–.

R§RµSЂRµR· RgRIR° RgRЅS– RЅR°RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RЎS‚SѓRgRµRЅRёR№ SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RI SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIRѕ RїRѕ RyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°R»SЊRЅS–R№ SЃRїSЂR°RIS– "S‰RѕRgRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕS— R·SЂR°RgRё, R·SЂR°RgRё R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅS– S‚R° S€RїRёRiSѓRЅSЃS‚RIS– R· RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R· S„R°S€RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeR°RјRё RђR‘R’R•R  (sic!) S‚R° Sicherhest-dinst (sic!) [RїSЂR°RIRёR»SЊRЅRѕ – Sicherheitsdienst, RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeR° RЎR»SѓR¶R±R° R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё – R†Rџ] RI RїRµSЂS–RѕRg S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R°Rye R·RIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕS‚RµRyeS‚RѕSЂR°S‚Sѓ S‚R° RїRµSЂRµRgR°S‡RµSЋ S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёS… RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅ S†RёRј RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏRј.

RЎRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†RµSЋ R· R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕSЋ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRѕSЋ Sѓ R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕRјSѓ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅS– S‚R° RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏRј S€RїRёRiSѓRЅSЃS‚RIR° RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R§RЎR  S‚R° S—S— SЃRѕSЋR·RЅRёRyeS–RI RЅR° RyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚SЊ SѓRyeR°R·R°RЅS–R№ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgS†S–".

R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RIR·SЏRI RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRISѓ RgRѕ RIS–RgRѕRјR°, R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰RѕR± RїRѕRgR°S‚Rё SЃRyeR°SЂRiSѓ. R”R°R»S–, 29 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1958 SЂ. R°SЂRµS€S‚ RїS–RgS‚RIRµSЂRgRёRI S– RїSЂRѕRyeSѓSЂRѕSЂ R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїSЂRѕRyeSѓSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRё RgRѕRyeS‚RѕSЂ RїSЂR°RIRѕR·RЅR°RISЃS‚RIR° R•RgSѓR°SЂRg RЁRIR°S…, RїSЂRё S‡RѕRјSѓ RI RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIS– RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚R°S‚SѓRIR°RI:

"RћSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё R’Rё RѕR±T‘SЂSѓRЅS‚RѕRIR°RЅRѕ RїS–RgRѕR·SЂSЋS”S‚RµSЃSЊ Sѓ R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅS– RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ RgRѕ RїR°SЂR°RiSЂR°S„S–RI 77, 86:1:2 RyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRgRµRyeSЃSѓ S‚R° RїR°SЂR°RiSЂR°S„Sѓ 6, R°R±R·R°S†Sѓ 1,2 R—R°RyeRѕRЅSѓ 50/23 R—R±S–SЂRyeRё R—R°RyeRѕRЅS–RI, R±RµSЂSѓ R’R°SЃ, RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ RgRѕ RїR°SЂR°RiSЂR°S„Sѓ 80 RyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃSѓR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRgRµRyeSЃSѓ R· RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅ RIRyeR°R·R°RЅRёS… Sѓ RїR°SЂR°RiSЂR°S„S– 79 R±SѓRyeRIR° "Rђ" RyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃSѓR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRgRµRyeSЃSѓ, RїS–Rg R°SЂRµS€S‚. R RѕR·’SЏSЃRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ (…) RџS–SЃR»SЏ RїSЂRѕS‡RёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, RїRѕRiRѕRgR¶RµRЅRѕ: R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye".

RўSЋSЂRµRјRЅR° S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–SЏ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° S–R· RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S– RџSЂR°RiR°-R SѓR·RёRЅRµ, R·SЂRѕR±R»RµRЅR° RЅRµRIRgRѕRIR·S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ 

R›S–RyeR°SЂ RЈRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RIRёRїSЂR°RIRЅRѕ-S‚SЂSѓRgRѕRIRёS… R·R°RyeR»R°RgS–RI, RјR°R№RѕSЂ, RgRѕRyeS‚RѕSЂ RјRµRgRёS†RёRЅRё R¤SЂR°RЅS‚S–S€RµRye R‘RёSЃS‚SЂRёR№ R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёRI S‰RѕRgRѕ SЃS‚R°RЅSѓ R·RgRѕSЂRѕRI’SЏ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° S‡RµSЂRµR· RјS–SЃSЏS†SЊ RїS–SЃR»SЏ R№RѕRiRѕ SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ: "RЎR»S–RїRѕS‚R° RїSЂR°RIRѕRiRѕ RѕRyeR°. (…) R R°RyeRѕRIRµ SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ R·R»S–RIR° RЅR° RѕR±R»RёS‡S‡S–. RќRµRISЂR°SЃS‚RµRЅS–SЏ".

R§RµSЂRµR· S‡RѕS‚RёSЂRё S‚RёR¶RЅS– R·R°S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ RїR°S†S–S”RЅS‚ RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё SЃRyeR°SЂR¶RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° RѕRїSѓS…R»RѕSЃS‚S– RЅRёR¶RЅS–S… RyeS–RЅS†S–RIRѕRye, R°R»Rµ R№: "RћR±’S”RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ RјRѕR¶RЅR° RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‚Rё RѕR·RЅR°RyeRё RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ SЃRµSЂS†RµRIRѕS— RЅRµRgRѕSЃS‚R°S‚RЅRѕSЃS‚S–, S‰Rѕ RїRѕRI’SЏR·R°RЅS– SЏRye R· RIS–RyeRѕRј, S‚R°Rye S– R· RЅRµR·RIRёS‡RЅRёRј S‚SЋSЂRµRјRЅRёRј SЃS‚RёR»RµRј R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ (RgSѓS€RµRIRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°RЅ, S‚SЋSЂRµRјRЅRёR№ SЂRµR¶RёRј)".

R›S–RyeR°SЂ RїRѕSЂR°RgRёRI RgR°S‚Rё RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeSѓ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°S‚Rё RgRѕSЃS‚R°S‚RЅS–R№ RIS–RgRїRѕS‡RёRЅRѕRye R· RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЋ R»RµR¶R°S‚Rё Sѓ RїRµSЂS–RѕRg RјS–R¶ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏRј SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIR°. RўR°RyeRѕR¶ R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёRI RїSЂRѕ RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye RyeR°SЂRgS–RѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R»S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RѕR±SЃS‚RµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ 12 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1958 SЂ. RјR°R№RѕSЂ R‘RёSЃS‚SЂRёR№ R·R°S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye SЃRyeR°SЂR¶RёRISЃSЏ RЅR° R·RЅR°S‡RЅRµ RїRѕRiS–SЂS€RµRЅRЅSЏ SЃR»SѓS…Sѓ R·R° RїRµSЂS–RѕRg, S‰Rѕ S‚SѓS‚ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°S”.

RџRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ RїRѕRiS–SЂS€RµRЅRЅSЏ SЃR»SѓS…Sѓ Sѓ S…RIRѕSЂRѕRiRѕ, R»S–RyeR°SЂ RgRѕRїRѕRIRЅRёRI R·R°RїRёSЃRѕRј, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅRµ S” S†S–R»RyeRѕRј R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»RёRј: "RIRѕRЅRё RјRµRЅRµ RїSЂRёSЃRїR°R»Rё S‚R° RgR°R»Rё SЏRyeRёR№SЃSЊ S…R»RѕSЂ", RIRѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ S‚RѕR№ RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓRIR°RI RЅR° SЂRѕS‚ S‚R° RЅS–SЃ.

RўR°RyeRѕR¶ Sѓ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRёSЏRIR»RµRЅRѕ R·RЅR°S‡RЅRµ R·RјRµRЅS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RIR°RiRё – RЅR° R±R». 10 RyeS–R»RѕRiSЂR°RјS–RI. "RЎR°Rј R±R°R¶R°S” R·R±S–R»SЊS€RµRЅRЅSЏ S…R°SЂS‡SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, S‰Rѕ SЏ S‚RµR¶ SЂR°RgR¶Sѓ S‚R° RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃRЅRѕ RїR»R°RЅSѓSЋ R·R°R±RµR·RїRµS‡RёS‚Rё".

19 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1959 SЂ. RјR°R№RѕSЂ R‘RёSЃS‚SЂRёR№ RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёRI RЎR»S–RgS‡RѕRјSѓ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЋ RњR’RЎ, S‰Rѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RјR°S” RїS–Rg R»S–RIRёRј RѕRyeRѕRј RїSѓS…R»RёRЅRЅRµ SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ SЂRѕR·RјS–SЂRѕRј 8*8 RјRј, SЏRyeRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RI S…RѕRgS– R№RѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRIRёRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕR±SЃS‚RµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S–RgRµRЅS‚RёS„S–RyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ SЏRye RѕRЅRyeRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRµ.

RќR° SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS–S€RЅS–R№ RgRµRЅSЊ, SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ R·R±S–R»SЊS€RёR»RѕSЃSЏ R№RѕRiRѕ SЂS–SЃS‚ R·R°SЃRIS–RgS‡SѓS” RїSЂRѕRiSЂRµSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ. "R†RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ, R±RµR·R·R°RїRµSЂRµS‡RЅRѕ, RїSЂRѕ SЂR°RyeRѕRISѓ RїSѓS…R»RёRЅSѓ, SЏRyeR° RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±SѓS” RјRµRgRёS‡RЅRѕS— RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё R°R±Rѕ S…S–SЂSѓSЂRiS–S‡RЅRёRј S€R»SЏS…RѕRј, R°R±Rѕ R·R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRѕSЋ SЂRµRЅS‚RiRµRЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RIRёRїSЂRѕRјS–RЅSЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, R°R±Rѕ R¶ RyeRѕRјR±S–RЅR°S†S–S”SЋ RѕR±RѕS… R»S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅSЊ. RЈ S–RЅS€RѕRјSѓ RIRёRїR°RgRyeSѓ S” RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµRyeR° RїSЂRѕRiSЂRµSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ SЂR°RyeSѓ".

R§RµSЂRµR· RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRёR№ S‡R°SЃ RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡S–, RЅR°RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RЇRЅ RЎS‚SѓRgRµRЅRёR№ S‚R° RЅR°RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI RЁRµRISЂRЅR°, R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё RїR»R°RЅ S‰RѕRgRѕ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ SЃR»S–RgS‡RѕS— SЃRїSЂR°RIRё, RI SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ RїS–RgSЃSѓRјSѓRIR°R»Rё SѓSЃSЋ RЅR°SЏRIRЅSѓ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–SЋ.

 RЎR»S–RgS‡RёR№ RЎR»S–RgS‡RѕRiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ RЇRЅ RЎS‚SѓRgRµRЅRёR№ 

"RЈSЃSЏ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°, R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RµRЅR° Sѓ S†S–R№ SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S–, S” RIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЋ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R· R№RѕRiRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚RѕRiRѕ R·S–R·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ.

R©RѕRgRѕ RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј R· 1945 RїRѕ 1958 SЂSЂ. RЅRµRјR°S” RјR°R№R¶Rµ R¶RѕRgRЅRёS… SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅSЊ: SЏRye R°RiRµRЅS‚SѓSЂRЅRёS…, S‚R°Rye S– RI R°SЂS…S–RIS– RњR’RЎ".

R’ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕRјSѓ RѕRiR»SЏRgS– R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёR»Rё, S‰Rѕ "R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye R±SѓRI Sѓ RїRµSЂS–RѕRg 1927 RїRѕ 1939 SЂ. R°RiRµRЅS‚RѕRј S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S†S–S—, R°R»Rµ RјRѕR¶RЅR° RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё S„RѕSЂRјR°R»SЊRЅSѓ, S‚R°Rye SЏRye RIS–SЂRЅRѕ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅR° RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… S„R°S€RёSЃS‚S–RI, S‰Rѕ RїS–R·RЅS–S€RёR№ RїRµSЂRµR±S–Ri RїRѕRgS–R№ RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RgRѕRIS–RI.

RЈSЃSЏ S†SЏ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S” RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ R·S–R·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏRј RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRѕRiRѕ Rќ. R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°.

R’RѕRЅR° RЅRµ S” RgRѕ RyeS–RЅS†SЏ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»RѕSЋ S‚R° R±SѓRgRµ R°RyeS†RµRЅS‚RѕRIR°RЅR° RI RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚S– RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRёS… R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI [S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ, Sѓ RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅS– RїRѕRyeR°SЂR°RЅRЅSЏ – R†Rџ] S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RgR»SЏ R·RѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° SЏRye RIRѕSЂRѕRiR° RЎR RЎR  S‚R° SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–R·RјSѓ R·R°RiR°R»RѕRј".

R”RѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚ RѕRyeSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ RIRёRyeSЂRёRI, S‰Rѕ 6-R№ RIS–RgRgS–R» 3-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ – RѕS‡RµRIRёRgRЅRѕ Sѓ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R· RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRѕSЋ 2-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ – RI 1957 SЂ. RЅR°RїSЂR°RIRёRI R·R° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeRѕRј SЃRIRѕRiRѕ R°RiRµRЅS‚R° "RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgSѓ":

"R‘RѕSЂRёSЃ RЎSѓS…RѕSЂSѓS‡RyeRѕ [RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RїS–RgRїRѕR»RyeRѕRIRЅRёRye RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR , RIS–RgR±SѓRI 1946-1956 SЂSЂ. RI S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°S… R“RЈR›RђR“Sѓ – R†Rџ] – R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–RISЃSЏ RI 1957 SЂ. Sѓ R’S–RgRЅS– S–R· R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeRѕRј, SЏRyeRёR№ R№RѕRјSѓ SЃRyeR°R·R°RI, S‰Rѕ RI R§RЎR  RЅR° RIRёSЃRѕRyeRёS… RїRѕSЃR°RgR°S… RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S‚R° RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅS– R°RiRµRЅS‚Rё R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё. RћRyeSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ, R№RѕRјSѓ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye S–R· R¤R Rќ RЅR°RgSЃRёR»R°RI R»RёSЃS‚Rё, RI SЏRyeRёS… RgRѕRїSѓSЃRyeR°RI RїS–RgR±SѓSЂSЋSЋS‡S– RIRёSЃR»RѕRIR»SЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ".

R’RёS…RѕRgSЏS‡Rё R· S‚RѕRiRѕ S„R°RyeS‚Sѓ, S‰Rѕ RјRѕRIR° R№S€R»R° RїSЂRѕ R°RiRµRЅS‚SѓSЂRЅS– SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ, R±SѓR»Rѕ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ – S‚R°Rye SЏRye S– RI RgRµSЏRyeRёS… S–RЅS€RёS… RIRёRїR°RgRyeR°S… – RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°S‚Rё Sѓ SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIS–.

"R”RѕRїRёS‚ S†RёS… SЃRIS–RgRyeS–RI RЅRµ RјS–Ri R±SѓS‚Rё RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRёR№ RgRѕ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ, S‚RѕRјSѓ S‰Rѕ S†S– RѕSЃRѕR±Rё R±SѓRgSѓS‚SЊ RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgR¶RµRЅS–, S‰Rѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°S” Sѓ R§RЎR , R° S‚R°Rye S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ R±SѓRgRµ SЂRѕR·RiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRёR№ SЂR°RЅS–S€Rµ, RЅS–R¶ S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R± RѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRѕ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕ. R’RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye S†SЊRѕRiRѕ S” RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·RЅR°S‚Rё SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ, S‡Rё R±SѓRgRµ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RјR°S‚Rё RїSѓR±R»S–S‡RЅRёR№ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRї, S‡Rё RЅRµ R±SѓRgRµ, S‰RѕR± RјRѕR¶RЅR° R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRёSЃS‚SѓRїRёS‚Rё RgRѕ RgRѕRїRёS‚Sѓ SЃRIS–RgRyeS–RI".

RќR° RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃ SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIR° S‰RѕRgRѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° RЅRµ RIRїR»RёRЅSѓR»R° RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€R° R»S–RyeR°SЂSЃSЊRyeR° RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂRyeR° 1 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1959 SЂ. R·R° SЏRyeRѕSЋ R»S–RyeR°SЂ-RgRµSЂRјR°S‚RѕR»RѕRi SЂRµRyeRѕRјRµRЅRgSѓRIR°RI RiS–SЃS‚RѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRµ RѕR±SЃS‚RµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, S…S–SЂSѓSЂRiS–S‡RЅRµ RIS‚SЂSѓS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€Rµ SЂRµRЅS‚RiRµRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRµ RѕRїSЂRѕRјS–RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ.

"RGRIRѕSЂRѕR±R° RјRѕR¶Rµ R· RIRµR»RёRyeRѕSЋ RIS–SЂRѕRiS–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RgR°R»S– RїSЂRѕRiSЂRµSЃSѓRIR°S‚Rё S‚R° RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ RјRѕR¶Rµ RgS–R№S‚Rё RgRѕ RјRµS‚R°SЃS‚R°R· (…) RџSЂRѕRiRЅRѕR· S” SЃSѓRјRЅS–RIRЅRёR№".

18 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ 1959 SЂ. RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRѕRiRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјR»RµRЅRѕ S–R· SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚R°RјRё RѕR±SЃS‚RµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ.

 R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЃRїRѕSЂS‚ RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°

RџSЂRѕRµRyeS‚ RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRёS… R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI RѕRyeSЂS–Rј RЅRµRѕRgRјS–RЅRЅRёS… S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRёS… R·RIRѕSЂRѕS‚S–RI SѓRјS–S‰SѓRIR°RI: "RЈSЃSЋ R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RµRЅSѓ RIRёS‰Rµ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye R·RgS–R№SЃRЅSЋRIR°RI R°R¶ RgRѕ RїRµSЂS–RѕRgSѓ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ Sѓ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅS– 1958 SЂ. R RѕR·SѓRјS–RI RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ SЃRIRѕS”SЋ RїRѕRIRµRgS–RЅRyeRѕSЋ, S…RѕS‡ S– RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— R¤R Rќ, R·R°RIRgR°S” S€RyeRѕRgRё S–RЅS‚RµSЂRµSЃR°Rј R§RЎR , S‚R°Rye SЏRye SЃR°Rј, Sѓ RIRёRїR°RgRyeSѓ RЎSѓS…RѕSЂSѓS‡RyeR°, RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёRI, S‰Rѕ RјR°S” S–RЅS‚RµSЂRµSЃ RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰RѕR± RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚Rё S€RїRёRiSѓRЅRѕRј RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё".

RЎR»S–RgS‡RёR№ RЅR°RgRїRѕSЂSѓS‡RёRye RЎS‚SѓRgRµRЅRёR№ Sѓ RIRёSЃRЅRѕRIRyeSѓ RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚R°S‚SѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ RЅRµ R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёRI RЅR° SЃRIRѕS” RIRёRїSЂR°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ SЃSѓS‚S‚S”RIRѕRiRѕ, R° S‚RѕRјSѓ RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI RIRёSЃSѓRЅSѓS‚Rё R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ Sѓ RyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅS– R·SЂR°RgRё S‚R° R·SЂR°RgRё R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅS–.

R— RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»R°RјRё RЈRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIR° RїRѕRiRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёR№ RїSЂRѕRyeSѓSЂRѕSЂ RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI RђRgR°RјRµS†, SЏRyeRёR№ 26 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1959 SЂ. RЅR°RgR°RI RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ R°RyeS‚.

R—R°SЃSѓRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ

20 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1959 SЂ. RљSЂR°R№RѕRIRёR№ SЃSѓRg Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S– RIRёR·RЅR°RI Rќ. R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° RIRёRЅRЅRёRј Sѓ R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅR°S… RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕS— R·SЂR°RgRё, SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕS— RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµRyeRё S‚R° S€RїRёRiSѓRЅSЃS‚RIR° R№ R·R°SЃSѓRgRёRI R№RѕRiRѕ SЃSѓRyeSѓRїRЅRѕ RgRѕ 20 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїRѕR·R±R°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RIRѕR»S–, 5 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїRѕR·R±R°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїSЂR°RI S–R· RyeRѕRЅS„S–SЃRyeR°S†S–S”SЋ RISЃSЊRѕRiRѕ RјR°R№RЅR° S‚R° RIRёRgRIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ R·R° RјRµR¶S– R§RЎR  RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRyeR°SЂR°RЅRЅSЏ.

RџS–RgSЃSѓRgRЅRёR№ RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёRISЃSЏ RIS–Rg R·R°SЃRѕR±S–RI RїSЂR°RIRѕRIRѕRiRѕ R·R°S…RёSЃS‚Sѓ. R’RёSЂRѕRye R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕS„RѕSЂRјR»RµRЅRѕ RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ S‚R° RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRIRѕSЋ SЃRµRЅR°S‚Sѓ RљSЂR°R№RѕRIRѕRiRѕ SЃSѓRgSѓ R¤SЂR°RЅS‚S–S€RµRyeRѕRј R’RµSЃRµR»RёRј.

RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1959 RјR°R№RѕSЂ R‘RёSЃS‚SЂRёR№ R·RЅRѕRISѓ R·RIRµSЂRЅSѓRI SѓRIR°RiSѓ RЅR° SЃS‚R°RЅ R·RgRѕSЂRѕRI’SЏ R·R°SЃSѓRgR¶RµRЅRѕRiRѕ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR°:

"R†RЅRgRёRIS–Rg SЂRѕSЃR»RѕS— RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRё, RЅR° SЃRIS–R№ RIS–Rye RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RgS–S”R·RgR°S‚RЅRёR№. R—R°S†S–RyeR°RIR»RµRЅRёR№ RѕS‚RѕS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј, S– S…RѕS‡R° S–RЅRѕRgS– R·’SЏRIR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RїR»R°S‡, RЅRµ RїS–RgRgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRµRїSЂRµSЃS–S— S‚R° RgRѕR±RёRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RїRµSЂRµRIR°Ri (RїRѕRyeSЂR°S‰RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRјRѕRI RyeR°RјRµSЂRё, S…R°SЂS‡SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ), RЅR° SЏRyeS– RјRѕR¶RЅR° RїS–S‚Rё, RIRёS…RѕRgSЏS‡Rё R· R№RѕRiRѕ RIS–RyeSѓ (…)

R§R°SЃ RIS–Rg S‡R°SЃSѓ R·’SЏRIR»SЏR»RёSЃSЏ RѕR·RЅR°RyeRё SЃRµSЂS†RµRIRѕS— RЅRµRgRѕSЃS‚R°S‚RЅRѕSЃS‚S–, SЏRyeS– RїRѕS‚S–Rј S€RIRёRgRyeRѕ R·RЅRёRyeR»Rё RIRЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye RyeR°SЂRgS–RѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R»S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ. RџSѓS…R»RёRЅRЅRµ SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RЅR° R»S–RIS–R№ SЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRЅRЅS– RѕR±R»RёS‡S‡SЏ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕRїRёSЃR°RЅRѕ Sѓ RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS–S… R·RIS–S‚R°S…. (…)".

R§RµSЂRµR· 10 RgRЅS–RI 17 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1959 SЂ. R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeR° SЃR»S–RgS‡RѕRiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ RјR°R№RѕSЂ R›RµRgR» R·R°RїRёS‚R°RI, SѓSЂRµS€S‚S–-SЂRµS€S‚, Sѓ R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRyeR° RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI RїRѕR»RyeRѕRIRЅRёRyeR° RЁS‚RµS„R°RЅR° R”RµRј’SЏRЅRѕRIR° RїRѕRiRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S‰RѕRgRѕ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S—.

 RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye (SЃRїSЂR°RIR°) R· S–RЅS€RёRј RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RI RµRyeR·RёR»S– RљR°SЂR°SЃSЋRyeRµRIRёS‡RµRј 

R†R· RїRѕSЃRёR»R°RЅRЅSЏRј RЅR° RјR°R№RѕSЂR° R‘RёSЃS‚SЂRѕRiRѕ RIS–RЅ R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёRI, S‰Rѕ S…S–SЂSѓSЂRiS–S‡RЅRµ RIS‚SЂSѓS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ RјRѕR¶RЅR° RїSЂRѕRIRµSЃS‚Rё RI R»S–RyeR°SЂRЅS– Rј. R‘SЂRЅRѕ, RgRµ RњR’RЎ RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIRѕS” RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ (RѕRїSЂRѕRјS–RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ R± RI S—S— S†RёRIS–R»SЊRЅS–R№ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅS–), R°R±Rѕ R¶ Sѓ RI’SЏR·RЅRёS‡RЅS–R№ R»S–RyeR°SЂRЅS– RЅR° RџR°RЅRyeSЂR°S†S–.

"R— RѕRiR»SЏRgSѓ RЅR° S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S–, SЏRyeR° RIRёRјR°RiR°S” RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїS–Rg RIR°SЂS‚RѕSЋ S‚R° RiR°SЂR°RЅS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰RѕR± R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye RЅRµ RјS–Ri RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚SѓRIR°S‚Rё R· S–RЅS€RёRјRё RѕSЃRѕR±R°RјRё, RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓS”RјRѕ RїSЂRѕRIRµSЃS‚Rё RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЋ RЅR° RџR°RЅRyeSЂR°S†S–, RїS–SЃR»SЏ RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S— R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° R·RЅRѕRISѓ RїRµSЂRµRIRµSЃS‚Rё RgRѕ R SѓR·RёRЅRµ S– R·RIS–RgS‚Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RIRѕR·RёS‚Rё RЅR° R‘SѓR»RѕRIRyeSѓ RgR»SЏ SЂRµRЅS‚RiRµRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RѕRїSЂRѕRјS–RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ. RўR°Rye S” RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёRј RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ R·R°R±RµR·RїRµS‡RёS‚Rё S– RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЋRIR°S‚Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚Rё Sѓ RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S–.

RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ SЂRµR¶RёRјSѓ R·R°SЃR»SѓR¶RёRI R№ RѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRёR№ S‚RѕRј "R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»". RћRyeSЂRµRјRµ RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ 1-RiRѕ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ RњR’RЎ 25 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1960 SЂ. R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°R»Rѕ:

"RћSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RјRѕRIR° R№RgRµ RїSЂRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±Sѓ RїRѕS…RёR»RѕRiRѕ RIS–RyeSѓ, RgRѕSЂSѓS‡R°S”RјRѕ S‚RѕRј RїRµSЂRµRgR°S‚Rё RgRѕ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ RњR’RЎ S‰Rµ RЅR° 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI, R±Rѕ RIS–RЅ RIRyeR»SЋS‡R°S” RI SЃRµR±Rµ SЃRїRёSЃRѕRye R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕS— R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё R· RїRµSЂS–RѕRgSѓ RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S—, RIS‚S–RyeR°S‡S–RI, SЏRyeS– RјRµS€RyeR°SЋS‚SЊ Sѓ R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕRјSѓ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅS– S‚R° RЎRЁRђ. RўSѓS‚ S” RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRёRјRё S‚S– RѕSЃRѕR±Rё, SЏRyeS– S” SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR°RјRё IS S‚R° CS–-RђR№-CS– (…)".

24 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1966 SЂ. RќRёRyeRёS„RѕSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRyeR° RїRѕRјRёR»SѓRIR°R»Rё, R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRёR»Rё RIS–Rg RїRѕRyeR°SЂR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R° R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ RIRёRiRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ R· R§RЎRЎR  [R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeR° RЎRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° R RµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeR° – R†Rџ] RїRѕRјS–SЃS‚RёR»Rё RI R‘SѓRgRёRЅRѕRye RїSЂRёSЃS‚R°SЂS–R»RёS… Sѓ R“RµSЂR¶RјR°RЅRѕRIS–R№ RњRµSЃS‚S†S–, SЂR°R№RѕRЅ RGSЂSѓRgS–Rј.

RџSЂRёS‡RёRЅRѕSЋ SЃS‚R°RI SЃS‚R°RЅ R№RѕRiRѕ R·RgRѕSЂRѕRI’SЏ: "RџSЂRѕ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚R°S” S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ R±SѓRI RyeRёRјRѕSЃSЊ RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRёR№ S‚R° RїSЂRёSЃRїR°RЅRёR№, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ RЅRµ R·RЅR°S” RyeRёRј".

RЈ S†SЊRѕRјSѓ SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ R·R°RyeR»R°RgS– RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRѕRye S‚R° SЃR»SѓR¶R± R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё, RїSЂRѕRЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRё RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚ S‚R° R°RЅS‚RёRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚ RїRѕRјSЂRµ 8 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1972 SЂ.

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RџSЂRёRјS–S‚RyeRё:

[1] R—RI’SЏR·RѕRye RјS–R¶ RћSЃS‚SЂSЏRЅRёS†RµSЋ S‚R° RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ S„R°S€RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S”SЋ (RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»R° R R°RgRѕR»R° R“R°R№RgRё) R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye R·R°R±RµR·RїRµS‡RёRI S‰Rµ RI 1927 SЂRѕS†S–. 17 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1927 SЂ., RѕRyeSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ, RIS–RЅ R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–RISЃSЏ R· R“S–S‚R»RµSЂRѕRј. 

[2] 5-R№ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRёR№ RIS–RgRgS–R» RњR’RЎ R±SѓRI RЅR°S†S–R»RµRЅRёR№ RЅR° R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Sѓ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S‚R°Rye R·RIR°RЅRѕS— SЃS…S–RgRЅRѕS— RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–S—, S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RµRyeR·RёR»SЋ. 

[3] RќR°RiR»SЏRgRѕRIRёR№ S‚RѕRј "R‘RѕR¶RµRЅR°" R· SЂRµS”SЃS‚SЂR°S†S–R№RЅRёRј RЅRѕRјRµSЂRѕRј 1643 RЅR° R‘RѕR¶RµRЅSѓ R“RѕSЂR±R°RЅSЋRye  R±SѓRI R·R°RIRµRgRµRЅRёR№ 4-Rј RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏRј 1-RiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ 3-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ

[4] R©RѕRgRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±Rё RGSѓR±RµSЂS‚R° RЁRёSЃS‚R»SЏ (1928-1991), RїRµSЂS€RѕRїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRIRѕ S‚R°S”RјRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR° SѓRiRѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЎR»SѓR¶R±Rё R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё S–R· RїSЃRµRIRgRѕ "RџSѓS€RyeR°S€", R±SѓRI R°RiRµRЅS‚SѓSЂRЅRёR№ S‚RѕRј R·R° v„– 5151 "RђSЂRЅRѕ" R·R°SЂRµS”SЃS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ 3 RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏRј 1 RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ 2-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ S‰Rµ 21.11.1956 SЂ. (RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ "R›RµRѕ",RIS–Rg 28.2.1964 – "RљR°SЂR»") 5.6.1969 SЂ. R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRµSЂRµSЂRµS”SЃS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RЅR° v„–199 S‚R° R·R°R°SЂS…S–RIRѕRIR°RЅRѕ 6.8.1985 SЂ. RїS–Rg v„– R—-5518.

[5] RўR°S”RјRЅRёR№ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye "R“RѕS‚R°SЂRµRye" (R‡SЂR¶S– R‡SЂRyeR°R», RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRёR№ 13.4.1920 SЂ. Sѓ R”RѕSѓRgR»RµR±R°S…) RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS‚RµS‡S– R· RђRISЃS‚SЂS–S— R±SЂR°RI SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIS†S– RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… RIRёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅSЊ. RЈ 1958 SЂ. R±SЂR°RI SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ SЂRµR°R»S–R·R°S†S–S— RiRµRЅ. R“R°R±R°RЅSЋRyeR° (sic!)

"RџS–SЃR»SЏ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ R§RЎRЎR  R“RѕS‚R°SЂRµRyeSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·RјS–RЅRµRЅRѕ S–Rј’SЏ, R° 1961 SЂ. R·RgS–R№SЃRЅRµRЅRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ R»RµRiR°R»S–R·R°S†S–SЋ, RїSЂRё S‡RѕRјSѓ R№RѕRјSѓ RIRёRgR°R»Rё RЅRѕRIS– RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚S– RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё. 2-RiRµ RЈRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ Sѓ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R· 1-Rј RЈRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏRј RњR’RЎ R·RјS–RЅRёR»Rѕ R°RiRµRЅS‚Sѓ S–Rј’SЏ RЅR° R‡SЂR¶S– R‡SЂR°SЃRyeR», 13.4.1920 SЂ.RЅ., SѓSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRµS†SЊ RџSЂSЏS€RѕRIR°".

[6] RђRiRµRЅS‚ "RђSЂRЅRѕ" RїSЂRё RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–S— "R“RѕRјRµR·", R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ Sѓ RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏS… "R„RIR°", "R”S–SЃRye", "R‘RѕSЂRёSЃ" – RЅR°RIS‡RµRЅRёR№ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR°RјRё 9-RiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RњR’RЎ "RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЋ SЃRЅRѕRgS–R№RЅRёS… R·R°SЃRѕR±S–RI (..) S‚R°R№RЅRѕRїRёSЃSѓ S‚R° RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂS†S– R·RЅR°RЅSЊ". 

R’RїRµSЂS€Rµ RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RI S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S– "Paměť a dějiny" v„– 2 R·R° 2011 SЂS–Rye. RџRµSЂRµRyeR»R°Rg R· S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRѕS— – R SѓSЃR»R°RЅR° RњR°SЂS†RµRЅSЋRye, RyeR°RЅRgRёRgR°S‚ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RЅR°SѓRye, SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёR№ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёR№ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye R“R°R»SѓR·RµRIRѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ RЎR»SѓR¶R±Rё R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё

R”RёRIS–S‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶:

RЇRye RљR“R‘ RIR±RёRI RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ

RЎRјRµSЂS‚SЊ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚R°. RќR° RїRѕS€R°RЅSѓ R„RIRiRµRЅR° RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»SЊS†SЏ

RљRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeR° RџRќR  RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI

R†R· RќRљR’R” RI RЎRЎ S– RЅR°R·R°Rg. RќRµR№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRgS–RЅRёRyeR°

RЎS‚SЂR°S‚RµRiS–S— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI-RµRјS–RiSЂR°RЅS‚S–RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRµR°R»S–S—

RЇRye SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° RјR°R»SЋRIR°R»R° "R±SѓSЂR¶SѓR°R·RЅRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI"

R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° R°RiRµRЅS‚SѓSЂR° RI RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRјSѓ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»S–

R›RµRI R RµR±RµS‚ - RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚ RI RћRЈRќ S– RїRµSЂS€R° R¶RµSЂS‚RIR° RљR“R‘

RћRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R—R°RїRѕRIS–S‚". R§RµRyeS–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR° v„– 206

RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°

RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RјS–Ri SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё, SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё R»SЋRgRµR№ RїS–Rg R’RµSЂS…RѕRIRЅRѕSЋ R R°RgRѕSЋ: S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S–, RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeRё S‚RёSЃSЏS‡? Rђ RјRѕR¶Rµ, RISЃS– SЃS‚Rѕ S‚RёSЃSЏS‡? R”RµRїSѓS‚R°S‚Rё, SЏRyeS– RїSЂRѕS…RѕRgRёR»Rё RyeSЂS–R·SЊ RЅR°S‚RѕRIRї, RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S‡RёSЃR»R°. R‘SѓRI SЃRѕRЅSЏS‡RЅRёR№ SЃSѓR±RѕS‚RЅS–R№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye 24 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ.

100 RyeRЅRёRi RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" SЂRµRyeRѕRјRµRЅRgSѓS”

RџRµSЂRµR»S–Rye RIRёRgR°RЅSЊ, SЏRyeS– RIRёR№S€R»Rё R·R° S‡R°SЃS–RI RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– S– SЏRyeS– RgR°SЋS‚SЊ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RїS–R·RЅR°S‚Rё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RЅR°S€RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI, RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… R»SЋRgRµR№ S– SЏRIRёS‰. R† SЏRyeS– SЂRѕR±R»SЏS‚SЊ S†Rµ R· SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRI. RџRµRIRЅS–, S‰Rѕ S‡R°SЃ, RIRёS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ RЅR° S‡RёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅRµ R±SѓRgRµ RIS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёRј.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–. RќR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RyeRѕRЅS‚RёRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– vЂ” RЅR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RѕR±RѕS… RђRјRµSЂRёRye S‚R° RђRISЃS‚SЂR°R»S–S—. RўR°RyeRёRј S” RїS–RgSЃSѓRјRѕRye RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– 28-S— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё. RЇRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R·RјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј SЂRѕRyeS–RI RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–? R§RѕRјSѓ RјRё RIRїSЂRёS‚SѓR» RЅRµ RїRѕRјS–S‡R°S”RјRѕ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° vЂ” RЅRµ RЈRiR°RЅRgR°!?

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?