RџSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RGS–SЂRѕR°RyeS– RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ: R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·Rј

R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS” RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RI RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ S„RѕSЂRјS–. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RјRѕRI, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S–RgRµR№, RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RISЃS–Rј S†RёRј. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ S” S†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRј S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R† SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RIRё R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїR»R°RЅS– SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃRѕRј, S‚Rѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ R±SѓRgRµ RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»RµRiS€Rµ. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS–, SЏ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ RљRёS—RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg R·RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S†RёRјRё R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё.

RЎRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RIRѕS—RЅS–RI R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rё RI R†R»RѕRIR°R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RѕS‚RѕS‡RµRЅRЅS–: RIS–RgRѕRјRµ S‚RѕS‡RЅRµ S‡RёSЃR»Rѕ R№ S–RјRµRЅR°

RЈ RgRЅS– 5-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ S‚SЂR°RiRµRgS–S— RїS–Rg R†R»RѕRIR°R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRј S” RISЃS– RїS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRё RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RyeRѕRЅRyeSЂRµS‚RЅS–, R° RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµR±S–R»SЊS€RµRЅS– R№ RЅRµRISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅS–, S†RёS„SЂRё RIS‚SЂR°S‚ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RIS–R№SЃSЊRye. R RѕR·SЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS”RјRѕ RyeSЂR°RїRyeRё RЅR°Rg vЂњS–vЂќ R· RїRѕS€SѓRyeRѕRIS†RµRј RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RIRѕRј RўRёRЅS‡RµRЅRyeRѕRј.

RћR»SЏ R“RЅR°S‚SЋRye: vЂњRџR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚R°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ, R°R»Rµ RgSѓRјR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅS”vЂќ

RЎR°Rј RјRµS‚R°S„RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёR№ RIRёSЃR»S–RI vЂњR°RgRIRѕRyeR°S‚ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRёvЂќ RјRµRЅS– RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё RЅRµ RїRѕRgRѕR±R°RISЃSЏ. RљRѕR»Rё R№RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ SЂRµS‡RЅRёRyeR° S–RЅS‚RµSЂRµSЃS–RI, S‚Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RјR°R»R° R± SЃR°RјR° S—S… RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS‚Rё. RћRgRЅRµ RЅRµ RїS–RgR»SЏRiR°S” SЃSѓRјRЅS–RISѓ, S‰Rѕ RјS–R¶ RџRѕR»SЊS‰RµSЋ S‚R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ SЃRyeR»R°R»RёSЃSЏ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RgSЂSѓR¶RЅS– RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёRЅRё, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»R° RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeR°, S–RЅRѕRgS– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeR° R±RµR·R·R°SЃS‚RµSЂRµR¶RЅR°, RgRѕ SЏRyeRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё R·RIRёRyeR»Rё SЏRye RgRѕ S‡RѕRiRѕSЃSЊ SЃR°RјRѕRѕS‡RµRIRёRgRЅRѕRiRѕ.

V«RњS–R№ RyeRѕS…R°RЅRёR№ R·R°R»RёS€RёRISЃSЏ RЅR° V«RiSЂR°R¶RgR°RЅS†S–V». RЎRїRѕRgS–RIR°SЋSЃSЊ, S‰Rѕ RgRѕS‡RµRyeR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏvЂ¦V»

RџS–SЃR»SЏ S†RёS… S…R»RѕRїS†S–RI Sѓ RЅR°SЃ R±SѓRI S–S‰Rµ RѕRgRёRЅ R·R°RiRёR±R»RёR№ R±SЂR°S‚ vЂ“ V«RљSЂSѓRyeV», RЅR°R№RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RёR№ R· RЅR°SЃ. R™RѕRiRѕ RgSЂSѓRi S‚RѕRgS– S‚R°Rye RyeSЂRёS‡R°RIvЂ¦ R’S–RЅ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅRµ RyeSЂRёS‡R°RI, RIS–RЅ RIRёRI RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ, SЏRye R·RIS–SЂ, SЏ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ S‡SѓR»R°, S‰RѕR± S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye S‚R°Rye RyeSЂRёS‡R°RI. R¦Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃS‚SЂR°S€RЅRѕ R±RѕR»SЏS‡Rµ vЂ“ S– S‡RµSЂRµR· SѓR±RёS‚RѕRiRѕ V«RљSЂSѓRyeR°V», S– S‡RµSЂRµR· RѕS†RµR№ R±S–R»SЊ R»SЋRgRёRЅRё, SЏRyeR° RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёR»R° RyeSЂR°S‰RѕRiRѕ RgSЂSѓRiR°.

RњR°R»RyeRѕR»SЊRј RњR°T‘T‘RµSЂS–RgR¶ S– RiRѕR»RѕRg RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– 1932-1933 SЂRѕRyeS–RI

R‘RµR· SЃSѓRјRЅS–RISѓ S†Rµ R±SѓRI RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅS–RI RЅR°S€RёS… S‡R°SЃS–RI, RЅRµ RјRµRЅS€RёR№, RЅS–R¶ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeR° RyeR°S‚R°SЃS‚SЂRѕS„R° S‡Rё RIS–SЂRјRµRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RјR°SЃR°RyeSЂR°. RђR»Rµ RјRµRЅRµ R·R°RIR¶RgRё RISЂR°R¶R°S”, SЏRye R»SЋRgRё, RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЏS‡Rё RїSЂRѕ RIRµR»RёRyeS– SЃS‚SЂR°S…S–S‚S‚SЏ RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ vЂ“ RђSѓS€RIS–S†, RGS–SЂRѕSЃS–RјSѓ S‚R° S–RЅS€S–, RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё RЅRµ R·RiR°RgSѓSЋS‚SЊ RiRѕR»RѕRg RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЇRyeRѕSЃSЊ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RISЃS–S… S‚RёS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‰Rµ RЅRµ SѓSЃRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ S„R°RyeS‚Sѓ, S‰Rѕ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ Sѓ 1930-S… SЂRѕRyeR°S… SѓR±RёRI RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ R»SЋRgRµR№, RЅS–R¶ R“S–S‚R»RµSЂ RIRёRЅRёS‰RёRI S”RISЂRµS—RI.

R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R’vЂ™SЏS‚SЂRѕRIRёS‡: vЂњRџRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё S‰Rµ RЅRµ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° R·RјS–RЅRёR»R°SЃSЏvЂќ

RџRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRёR№, S‰Rѕ RЅRёRЅS–S€RЅS– RЅRµRїRѕSЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏ S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIS– S– S” RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRyeRѕRј RЅRµSЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeS–RI, S‰Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RјS–RЅSЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ. R”Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RЅR°RјR°RiR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ SЃS‚R°RIRёS‚RёSЃSЊ, SЏRye RgRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RgRѕ R RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— R“S–RgRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RўRѕR±S‚Rѕ SЏRye RgRѕ RyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, SЏRyeR° RЅRµS…S‚SѓS” SЃRIRѕS”SЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ, SЏRyeR° RiRѕS‚RѕRIR° RїSЂRѕRgR°RIR°S‚Rё SЃRIRѕS— RїRѕRiR»SЏRgRё RЅR° RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ R·R° R·RЅRёR¶RyeRё RЅR° RiR°R· S‚RѕS‰Rѕ. RђR»Rµ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° R·RјS–RЅRёR»R°SЃSЏ.

RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI R“SЂRёS†R°Rye: V«RњR°RЅS–RїSѓR»SЏS†S–S— R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»SЋSЋS‚SЊ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRµ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIRѕV»

R“RѕR»RѕRISѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIR° Sѓ R›SЋR±R»S–RЅS– R“SЂRёRiRѕSЂS–SЏ RљSѓRїSЂS–SЏRЅRѕRIRёS‡R° RgRѕRїRёS‚R°R»Rё SЏRye SЃRIS–RgRyeR° Sѓ RїSЂRѕRyeSѓSЂR°S‚SѓSЂS– RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R—R°RјRѕSЃS‚SЏ. RџSЂRѕS‚Rё RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚SЂRёRIR°S” SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIRѕ. RџSЂRѕRIRёRЅR° vЂ“ SЃR»RѕRIR°, SЃRyeR°R·R°RЅS– Sѓ RЎR°RiSЂRёRЅS– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚RѕSЃS‚RµR№ R· RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIR±RёS‚RёS… RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёRј RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI Sѓ 1944 SЂRѕS†S–. R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRѕRIS– R·R°RiSЂRѕR¶SѓS” RgRѕ 3 SЂRѕRyeS–RI SѓRIʼSЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ.

R›RµSЃSЊ RўR°RЅSЋRye: "RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё Sѓ SЃRµSЂRїRЅS– 1991-RiRѕ SЃR°RјS– SЃRѕR±S– RIRёSЂS–R·R°R»Rё R°RїRµRЅRgRёS†RёS‚"

RЁS–SЃS‚RgRµSЃSЏS‚RЅRёRye, S‚RµR°S‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ SЂRµR¶RёSЃRµSЂ S– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRye, RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёR№ RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚ R’RµSЂS…RѕRIRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRyeR»RёRyeR°RЅRЅSЏ R›RµSЃSЊ RўR°RЅSЋRye R±SѓRI RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ RѕS‡RѕR»SЋRIR°RI RѕRїS–SЂ R“RљR§Rџ RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё 19-21 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1991 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R¤SЂR°RiRјRµRЅS‚ SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI, R·R°RїRёSЃR°RЅRёS… RјR°R№R¶Rµ RgRIR°RgS†SЏS‚SЊ SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ.

R›RµRIRyeRѕ R›SѓRyevЂ™SЏRЅRµRЅRyeRѕ vЂ” RЅR°S€ R”R¶RµS„S„RµSЂSЃRѕRЅ. R—RiR°RgSѓS” S‚R° RјS–SЂRyeSѓS” R’R°S…S‚R°RЅRi RљS–RїS–R°RЅS–

7 R»RёRїRЅSЏ SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ RIS–RgRѕRјRѕ RїSЂRѕ SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЊ R›RµRIRyeR° R›SѓRyevЂ™SЏRЅRµRЅRyeR°. RЎRIRѕS—RјRё SЃRїRѕRiR°RgR°RјRё RїSЂRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RI RµS„S–SЂS– SЂR°RgS–Rѕ "RљSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂR°" RїRѕRgS–R»RёRISЃSЏ SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂ "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRgRё" R’R°S…S‚R°RЅRi RљS–RїS–R°RЅS–. R“RѕRIRѕSЂRёRјRѕ S– RїSЂRѕ R±S–RѕRiSЂR°S„S–SЋ RIRёRgR°S‚RЅRѕRiRѕ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgS–SЏS‡R°, S– RїSЂRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RIRЅRµSЃRѕRye Sѓ SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–.

RќRµRIS–RgRѕRјRµ RµRyeSЃRyeR»SЋR·RёRIRЅRµ S–RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ RљRIS–S‚RyeRё R¦S–SЃRёRye

R”RѕRЅRµRgR°RIRЅR° RIRIR°R¶R°R»RѕSЃSЊ, S‰Rѕ S”RgRёRЅRёRј S–RЅS‚RµSЂRIvЂ™SЋ R· R»RµRiRµRЅRgR°SЂRЅRѕSЋ SЃRїS–RIR°S‡RyeRѕSЋ RљRIS–S‚RyeRѕSЋ R¦S–SЃRёRye, SЏRyeRµ R·R±RµSЂRµRiR»RѕSЃSЊ RgRѕ S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€SЊRѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ, S” RIS–RgRµRѕ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R», R·R°RїRёSЃR°RЅRёR№ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂRѕRј R“RѕSЂRЅRѕSЃS‚R°S”Rј Sѓ 1992 SЂRѕS†S–. R©Rµ RѕRgRЅRµ S–RЅS‚RµSЂRIvЂ™SЋ R·R°RїRёSЃR°RI RgR»SЏ RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂR°RgS–Rѕ RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1991 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RјSѓR·RёRyeR°RЅS‚ RљRёSЂRёR»Rѕ RЎS‚RµS†RµRЅRyeRѕ.

RџRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕ-S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–RgRµRЅS‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЃS‚S–: R™RѕS…R°RЅR°RЅ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№-RЁS‚RµSЂRЅ S– R№RѕRiRѕ RЅRѕRIR° RyeRЅRёR¶RyeR°

"R’RѕRЅRё R·SЂRѕR±RёR»Rё RЅRµ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅRµ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ S‚RёRїRѕRIRёR№, R° RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ R°RЅS‚RёS‚RёRїRѕRIRёR№ RIRёR±S–SЂ. R¦Rµ RЅRµ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ R°RЅS‚Rё-S–RјRїRµSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIRёR±S–SЂ, R° RIRёR±S–SЂ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё, SЏRyeSѓ R»SЋRgRё S‚S–S”S— RµRїRѕS…Rё RIRIR°R¶R°SЋS‚SЊ S‚SЂRµS‚SЊRѕSЂRѕR·SЂSЏRgRЅRѕSЋ, R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ, R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕ, R·T‘RIR°R»S‚RѕRIR°RЅRѕSЋ Sѓ RISЃS–S… SЃRµRЅSЃR°S… S†SЊRѕRiRѕ SЃR»RѕRIR°, S‰Rѕ R·RЅR°S…RѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRµSЃSЊ S‚R°Rј RЅR° RјR°SЂRiS–RЅRµSЃR°S… S”RISЂRѕRїRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё".

RљR°R·R°S…SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRye R“RЈR›RђR“Sѓ: "RњRё RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅS– RЅR°RIS‡RёS‚Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёS‚RёSЃSЏ RIS–Rg RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR°"

"R„ RIRµR»RµS‚RµRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RyeR°SЂS‚R° R S–RIRЅRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S– vЂ” S‚R°Rј RїRѕR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRѕ SЂS–R·RЅRёRјRё SЃS‚SЂS–R»RyeR°RјRё, R· SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃRµR»R° SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё S‚SЂRµR±R° R»SЋRgRµR№ RїRµSЂRµSЃRµR»RёS‚Rё RI RЎRёR±S–SЂ R°R±Rѕ RљR°R·R°S…SЃS‚R°RЅ. RЇRyeS‰Rѕ RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRѕ 2,5 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S– RIR°RiRѕRЅS–RI, R° RyeRѕR¶RµRЅ RIR°RiRѕRЅ SЂRѕR·SЂR°S…RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RЅR° 40 R»SЋRgRµR№ vЂ” S†Rµ SЃS‚SЂR°S€RЅS– S†RёS„SЂRё".