R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ: RЅRѕRIS– RgR°RЅS– RIRµRgSѓS‚SЊ RgRѕ RЅRѕRIRёS… RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚S‚S–RI S– R·RЅR°S…S–RgRѕRye

R RµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚Rё SЂRѕR·SЂR°S…SѓRЅRyeS–RI, RЅR°RЅRµSЃRµRЅS– RЅR° RyeR°SЂS‚Rё, RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rё R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ Sѓ S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅR°Rg S†RёRј RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚RѕRј. R—SЏSЃSѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ, RЅR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅSѓ RIS–Rg RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS–S… RїRµSЂS–RѕRgS–RI RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ, SЂR°R№RѕRЅRё, RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RISЂR°R¶RµRЅS– R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂRѕRј, RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ RgRѕ R»S–SЃRѕSЃS‚RµRїRѕRIRѕS— R·RѕRЅRё, RgRµ RIRёSЂRѕS‰SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·RµSЂRЅRѕRIRёS… RЅRµ S” RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRѕSЋ SЃRїRµS†S–R°R»S–R·R°S†S–S”SЋ.

RЈ R“RѕSЂRѕRgRyeSѓ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕRїR°R»Rё RyeRѕSЂS‡RјSѓ. RЇRye R°SЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅS– R·RЅR°S…S–RgRyeRё SѓS‚RѕS‡RЅSЋSЋS‚SЊ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RїRѕRgS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјS–SЃS‚RµS‡RyeR°

RђSЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRiR°Rј RIRgR°R»RѕSЃSЏ R·SЏSЃSѓRIR°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ R“RѕSЂRѕRgRyeR° R»SЋRgRё RIRїRѕRgRѕR±R°R»Rё S‰Rµ Sѓ SЃRёRISѓ RgR°RIRЅRёRЅSѓ. R—RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°, RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕRїRѕRye RѕR±S”RyeS‚Sѓ "RyeRѕSЂS‡RјR°" RЅR° RgRIRѕRјRµS‚SЂRѕRIS–R№ RiR»RёR±RёRЅS– RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRyeRё R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё RyeR°RјSЏRЅRѕRiRѕ RЅSѓRyeR»RµSѓSЃR° S‚R° SЃR»S–RgRё RѕR±RјR°R·RyeRё S‚SЂRёRїS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚R»R°.

"R“RѕR»RѕRIR° SЂR°RgRјS–RЅSѓ R›R°S‚RIS–S— S‚R° RїSЂRµRјS”SЂ-RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ R›RёS‚RIRё R±SѓR»Rё R°RiRµRЅS‚R°RјRё RљR”R‘"

"RџSЂRµRјS”SЂ-RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ R“RѕRgRјR°RЅS–SЃ R±SѓRI R°RiRµRЅS‚RѕRј. RџS–S€RѕRI RI RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёR№ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј SЃS‚R°RI RiRѕR»RѕRIRѕSЋ R R°RgRё RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI R›R°S‚RIS–S—. RџSЂRµRјS”SЂ R›RёS‚RIRё RљR°R·RёRјRёSЂR° RџSЂSѓRЅSЃRyeRµRЅRµ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R±SѓR»R° R°RiRµRЅS‚RѕRј. R“RµR±S–SЃS‚Rё R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS… SЃRIRѕS—S… RIRIRѕRgRёR»Rё RI RiSЂSѓ. RњR°SЃR° RїS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёS… RѕSЃS–R±, S‰RѕR± RјRѕR¶RЅR° R±SѓR»Rѕ SЏRyeRѕSЋSЃSЊ RјS–SЂRѕSЋ RјR°RЅS–RїSѓR»SЋRIR°S‚Rё SЂSѓS…RѕRј, R№RѕRiRѕ R·R±RѕSЂR°RјRё, RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃR°RјRё..."

R’S–Rg "RЅRѕRјRµSЂS–RI RљR°RЅRµ" RgRѕ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RiR°SЃS‚SЂRѕRЅRѕRјR°

RЎSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– R±SѓRgRёRЅRѕRye RЅR° RGSЂRµS‰R°S‚RёRyeSѓ, 40/1 S” RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RїR°RјSЏS‚RyeRѕSЋ R°SЂS…S–S‚RµRyeS‚SѓSЂRё, R°R»Rµ R№ RїR°RјSЏS‚RyeRѕSЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—. RџSЂRёS‡RѕRјSѓ RјRѕR¶RЅR° SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° R№RѕRiRѕ S†S–RЅRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶R°S” R°SЂS…S–S‚RµRyeS‚SѓSЂRЅSѓ (SЂRѕSЃ.).

RўRѕ RyeRѕR»Rё R¶ R‘RѕR»R±RѕS‡R°RЅ RIRёR·RIRѕR»RёRI RљSЂRёRј? RGSЂRѕRЅS–RyeR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgSѓ RЅR° RїS–RIRѕSЃS‚SЂS–RI

RЇRyeS‰Rѕ RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕ vЂ“ "RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeR°" S…SЂRѕRЅRѕR»RѕRiS–SЏ RIRёR·RЅR°S‡R°S” RIR·SЏS‚S‚SЏ RЎS–RјS„RµSЂRѕRїRѕR»SЏ 22 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, "RgRѕRIRiR°" S…SЂRѕRЅRѕR»RѕRiS–SЏ RїRµSЂRµRЅRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ S†SЋ RїRѕRgS–SЋ RЅR° 24 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ. RGRѕS‡R° SЂS–R·RЅRёS†SЏ, R·RgR°RIR°R»R°SЃSЏ R±, RЅRµRїSЂRёRЅS†RёRїRѕRIR°, RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– R·R° RgR°S‚R°RјRё S…RѕRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅRµR°R±RёSЏRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ RїS–RgS‚RµRyeSЃS‚.

RћRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R’S–SЃR»R°": RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRg, RIRѕS”RЅRЅRёR№ R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅ S‡Rё RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅR° S‡RёSЃS‚RyeR°?

R§RёRј R±SѓR»R° RѕRїRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ "R’S–SЃR»R°"? RGS‚Rѕ RїRѕRIRёRЅRµRЅ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°S‚Rё R·R° RyeSЂRёRIRgSѓ, R·R°RїRѕRgS–SЏRЅSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRј R—R°RyeRµSЂR·RѕRЅRЅSЏ 1947 SЂRѕRyeSѓ? R§Rё RIR°SЂS‚Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– "SЃRёRјRµS‚SЂRёS‡RЅRѕ" RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°S‚Rё RЅR° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS– SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ S‡RёRЅRЅRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–?

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅRµRyeSЂRѕRїRѕR»SЊ: RњRѕRiRёR»R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeR° R”RјRёS‚SЂR° R”RѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅRyeR°

R©RѕS‚RёR¶RЅRµRIRёRye "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIS–SЃS‚S–", S‰Rѕ RIRёS…RѕRgRёRI Sѓ RќRѕRIRѕRјSѓ RЈR»SЊRјS–, RїRёSЃR°RI, S‰Rѕ S…RѕRIR°R»Rё R”RѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅRyeR° S‚SЂRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRyeRё RЈRђRџR¦ S‚R° RiSЂSѓR·RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRye. R’S–RgRgR°S‚Rё R№RѕRјSѓ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЋ S€R°RЅSѓ R·S–R№S€R»RѕSЃSЏ RїRѕRЅR°Rg RїS–RIS‚RѕSЂRё SЃRѕS‚RЅS– R»SЋRgRµR№ SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RIS–SЂRѕRIRёR·RЅR°RЅSЊ S‚R° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RЅSЊ.

"RџSЂR°RїRѕSЂ RЅR°Rg R†RIRѕRgR·S–RјRѕSЋ": S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RѕRgRЅS–S”S— S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S—

23 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1945 SЂ. R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅS†SЏRј RIRgR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RIR·SЏS‚Rё RiRѕSЂSѓ RЎSѓSЂS–R±R°S‚S– RЅR° R†RIRѕRgR·S–RјS–. RЎR°RјRµ S‚RѕRgS– RїvЂ™SЏS‚SЊ R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїS–S…RѕS‚RёRЅS†S–RI S‚R° RѕRgRёRЅ RјRѕSЂSЏRye RїS–RgRЅSЏR»Rё R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂ. RќR°R№SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёRј R·R° R·RIR°RЅRЅSЏRј SЃRµSЂRµRg RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂRѕRЅRѕSЃS†S–RI R±SѓRI SЃRµSЂR¶R°RЅS‚ RњR°R№RyeR» RЎS‚SЂRµRЅRye. R‘R°S‚SЊRyeRё RiRµSЂRѕSЏ R±SѓR»Rё R»RµRјRyeR°RјRё, SЏRyeRёS… RyeRѕR»RёSЃSЊ SЂR°R·RѕRј R· SѓSЃS–RјR° R·R°S…S–RgRЅRёRјRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRјRё RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»Rё SЂSѓSЃRёRЅR°RјRё.

R RѕRјR°RЅ RљRѕRIR°R»SЊ: "RњRё RїSЂR°S†SЋS”RјRѕ R· R»SЋR±RѕRIS– RgRѕ R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё S– R· RЅRµRЅR°RIRёSЃS‚S– RgRѕ RIRѕSЂRѕRiS–RI"

RњRё SЃS‚R°RIRёRјRѕ R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕSЃRIS–S‚R»RёS‚Rё RЅR°S€Rµ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ, RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё S‚RёS… R»SЋRgRµR№, SЏRyeRёRјRё R±Rё RїRёS€R°R»R°SЃSЏ RyeRѕR¶RЅR° RЅR°S†S–SЏ, R° RјRё R·RЅRµRIR°R¶RёR»Rё S—S… SЃRIRѕS—Rј R±RµR·RїR°RјvЂ™SЏSЃS‚RIRѕRј. RњRё RїSЂR°S†SЋS”RјRѕ R· R»SЋR±RѕRIS– RgRѕ RЅR°S€RѕS— R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё S– R· RЅRµRЅR°RIRёSЃS‚S– RgRѕ RЅR°S€RёS… RIRѕSЂRѕRiS–RI.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅRµRyeSЂRѕRїRѕR»SЊ: RњRѕRiRёR»R° RќR°S‚R°R»S–S— RџRѕR»RѕRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS—-R’R°SЃRёR»RµRЅRyeRѕ

R–S–RЅRyeR°-S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye, R°SЂS…RµRѕR»RѕRi, R°SЂS…RµRѕRiSЂR°S„, R°SЂS…S–RIS–SЃS‚RyeR°, RјRµRјSѓR°SЂRёSЃS‚RyeR°. RџSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёS†SЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— S€RyeRѕR»Rё SѓS‡RЅSЏ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° RђRЅS‚RѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡R° RњRёS‚SЂRѕS„R°RЅR° R”RѕRIRЅR°SЂ-R—R°RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. RџRµSЂS€R° RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R¶S–RЅRyeR°-RgRѕRyeS‚RѕSЂ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RЅR°SѓRye. RџSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂRyeR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R’S–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RЈRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ Sѓ RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–.

R“RµRЅRЅR°RgS–R№ R†RIR°RЅSѓS‰RµRЅRyeRѕ: RњR°S”RјRѕ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓS‚Rё RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ R·R°RiSѓR±R»RµRЅRёS… RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI

R’S–RgRѕRјRёR№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye, R°SЂS…S–RIS–SЃS‚ S–R· RЎSѓRј R“RµRЅRЅR°RgS–R№ R†RIR°RЅSѓS‰RµRЅRyeRѕ S‚SЂRёRIR°R»RёR№ S‡R°SЃ RїSЂR°S†SЋS” RI R°SЂS…S–RIR°S… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№ Sѓ R’RµR»RёRyeS–R№ R‘SЂRёS‚R°RЅS–S—. RџSЂRѕ RѕS†RёS„SЂSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S„RѕRЅRgS–RI, SЂS–RgRyeS–SЃRЅS– RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё, RїSЂRѕ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°S‚Rё S—S… Sѓ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚RёR№ RgRѕSЃS‚SѓRї R“RµRЅRЅR°RgS–R№ R†RIR°RЅSѓS‰RµRЅRyeRѕ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RI RЈR†RЎ.

RќS–, S†Rµ RЅRµ S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— R¶RµSЂS‚RI R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– 1932vЂ“1933 SЂRѕRyeS–RI

RђR±Rё SѓRЅRёRyeRЅSѓS‚Rё RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RёS… S‚RёSЂR°R¶SѓRIR°RЅSЊ RЅRµRїSЂR°RIRgRёRIRѕS— S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S—, RЅR°RIRѕRgRёRјRѕ S‚S– S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S—, S‰Rѕ RЅR°R№S‡R°SЃS‚S–S€Rµ RїRѕRјRёR»RyeRѕRIRѕ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ SЏRye S–R»SЋSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–S— R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ. R¦Rµ S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S—, R·SЂRѕR±R»RµRЅS– Sѓ RџRѕRIRѕR»R¶S– RI R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgS–vЂ“RiSЂSѓRgRЅS– 1921 SЂ. SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR°RјRё RјS–SЃS–S— RќR°RЅSЃRµRЅR°.