15 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—

1113 - RџR°RїR° R RёRјSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RџR°SЃS…R°R»S–R№ R†R† RIRёR·RЅR°RI RїRµSЂS€RёR№ S‡RµSЂRЅRµS‡RёR№ RѕSЂRgRµRЅ - R›RёS†R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕSЂRgRµRЅ RiRѕSЃRїS–S‚R°R»SЊS”SЂS–RI SЃRISЏS‚RѕRiRѕ R†RѕR°RЅRЅR° R†S”SЂSѓSЃR°R»RёRјSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ (RѕSЂRgRµRЅ S–RѕR°RЅRЅS–S‚S–RI), R±S–R»SЊS€ RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ R·RiRѕRgRѕRј SЏRye RњR°R»SЊS‚S–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕSЂRgRµRЅ

1564 - RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ R“R°R»S–R»RµRѕ R“R°R»S–R»RµR№, RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RЅRёR№ S–S‚R°R»S–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓS‡RµRЅRёR№, R°SЃS‚SЂRѕRЅRѕRј, RјRµS…R°RЅS–Rye, S„S–R»RѕSЃRѕS„, RјR°S‚RµRјR°S‚RёRye

R“R°R»S–R»RµRѕ R“R°R»S–R»RµR№, RїSЂRёR±S–S‡RЅRёRye RiRµR»S–RѕS†RµRЅS‚SЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— SЃRёSЃS‚RµRјRё
S– R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRye RµRyeSЃRїRµSЂRёRјRµRЅS‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕS— S„S–R·RёRyeRё

1763 - R“SѓR±RµSЂS‚SѓSЃR±SѓSЂR·SЊRyeRёR№ RјRёSЂ RјS–R¶ RџSЂSѓSЃSЃS–S”SЋ, RђRISЃS‚SЂS–S”SЋ S‚R° RЎR°RyeSЃRѕRЅS–S”SЋ, SЏRyeRёR№ R·R°RIRµSЂS€RёRI RЎRµRјRёSЂS–S‡RЅSѓ RIS–R№RЅSѓ.
R—R° RgRѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂRѕRј RїRѕ SЃSѓS‚S– RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»SЋRIR°RISЃSЏ RgRѕRIRѕS”RЅRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SѓSЃ-RyeRIRѕ. RџSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RџSЂSѓSЃSЃS–SЏ RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕ SѓRIS–R№S€R»R° RgRѕ S‡RёSЃR»R° RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёS… S”RISЂRѕRїRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RgRµSЂR¶R°RI, R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕRyeR»R°RgRµRЅRѕ RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃSѓ RѕR±'S”RgRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… R·RµRјRµR»SЊ R·R° RiRµRiRµRјRѕRЅS–S— RџSЂSѓSЃSЃS–S—

1804 - RЅR° RЎS‚SЂS–S‚RµRЅRЅSЏ R“RѕSЃRїRѕRgRЅS” RЅR° R·R±RѕSЂR°S… RIRѕS”RIRѕRg RЎRµSЂR±S–S— RI RћSЂR°S€R°S†S– R±SѓR»Rѕ RїS–RgRЅSЏS‚Rѕ RїRµSЂS€Rµ SЃRµSЂR±SЃSЊRyeRµ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S‚SѓSЂRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЏSЂRјR° RїS–Rg RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕRј RљR°SЂR°RiRµRѕSЂRiS–SЏ. R—RiRѕRgRѕRј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё RЅR°R·RISѓS‚SЊ S†SЋ RїRѕRgS–SЋ SЃRµSЂR±SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S”SЋ.
RџRµSЂS€Rµ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅRµRIRgR°R»RёRј, R°R»Rµ RїS–RgRiRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»Rѕ R±R°R·Sѓ RgR»SЏ RgSЂSѓRiRѕRiRѕ - 1815 SЂ., SЏRyeRµ R·SЂRµS€S‚RѕSЋ RїSЂRёR·RIRµR»Rѕ RgRѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRѕS— RЎRµSЂR±S–S—

1820 - RgR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ S„S–R·RёRyeRё R“R°RЅSЃ RљSЂS–SЃS‚S–R°RЅ R•SЂSЃS‚RµRg RIRёSЏRIRёRI RјR°RiRЅS–S‚RЅSѓ RgS–SЋ RµR»RµRyeS‚SЂRёRyeRё

1895 - Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– R·R° S–RЅS–S†S–R°S‚RёRIRѕSЋ SЃRµSЃS‚RµSЂ R“RЅRµSЃS–RЅRёS… R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RїRµSЂS€Sѓ RI R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS–R№ S–RјRїRµSЂS–S— RјSѓR·RёS‡RЅSѓ S€RyeRѕR»Sѓ RgR»SЏ RgS–S‚RµR№

1898 - RЅR° SЂRµR№RgS– R“R°RIR°RЅRё R·R° RЅRµR·'SЏSЃRѕRIR°RЅRёS… RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅ RIRёR±SѓS…RЅSѓRI S– R·R°S‚RѕRЅSѓRI RїRµSЂS€RёR№ R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R±SЂRѕRЅRµRЅRѕSЃRЅRёR№ RyeSЂRµR№SЃRµSЂ "RњRµRЅ", SЏRyeRёR№ R·R°R№S€RѕRI RЅR° RљSѓR±Sѓ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R°RЅS‚RёS–SЃRїR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ. R—R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rѕ 260 RјRѕSЂSЏRyeS–RI. RђRјRµSЂRёRyeR° RїRѕRyeR»R°R»R° RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R° RIRёR±SѓS… RЅR° S–SЃRїR°RЅS†S–RI, S– S†Rµ SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ RїSЂRёRIRѕRgRѕRј RgR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё RЎRЁRђ R· R†SЃRїR°RЅS–S”SЋ.

R—R°S‚RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ "RњRµRЅR°". R—R° R»RѕRiS–RyeRѕSЋ, R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅS†S– SЃR°RјS– RїS–RgS–SЂRIR°R»Rё SЃRIS–R№ RyeRѕSЂR°R±RµR»SЊ, S‰RѕR± RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°S‚Rё R·RјRѕRiSѓR·R°RIRѕSЋRIR°S‚Rё RЅRѕRIS– S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S—

R’RёR±SѓS… "RњRµRЅR°" RIRёRiR»SЏRgR°RI RgSѓR¶Rµ RgRёRIRЅRёRј. RџRѕ-RїRµSЂS€Rµ, S–R· 266 RјRѕSЂSЏRyeS–RI RЅR° R±RѕSЂS‚Sѓ SЃSѓRgRЅR° 260 R±SѓR»Rё S‡RѕSЂRЅRѕS€RyeS–SЂRёRјRё. RџRѕ-RgSЂSѓRiRµ, RЅR° R±RѕSЂS‚Sѓ R±SЂRѕRЅRµRЅRѕSЃS†SЏ RI RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚ RIRёR±SѓS…Sѓ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R¶RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕS„S–S†RµSЂR°. RџRѕ-S‚SЂRµS‚S”, Sѓ RЎRЁRђ RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё "RњRµRЅ" RЅRµRIRgR°R»RѕSЋ SЂRѕR·SЂRѕR±RyeRѕSЋ.
RџRµSЂS€R° S–RјRїRµSЂS–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° RIS–R№RЅR° R·R° RїRµSЂRµRgS–R» RyeRѕR»RѕRЅS–R°R»SЊRЅRёS… RIRѕR»RѕRgS–RЅSЊ, S‰Rѕ RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ R· RIRёR±SѓS…Sѓ "RњRµRЅR°", RїSЂRёR·RIRµR»R° RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ RЎRїRѕR»SѓS‡RµRЅS– RЁS‚R°S‚Rё R°RЅRµRyeSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё R“R°RIR°R№SЃSЊRyeSѓ SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓ, RѕRyeSѓRїSѓRIR°R»Rё RџSѓRµSЂS‚Rѕ-R S–RyeRѕ, RIRёSЃR°RgRёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° RљSѓR±S–, RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё RIS–Rg R†SЃRїR°RЅS–S— R¤S–R»S–RїRїS–RЅRё, RїSЂRёRgR±R°RIS€Rё S†S–R»Sѓ RyeRѕR»RѕRЅS–R°R»SЊRЅSѓ S–RјRїRµSЂS–SЋ R· RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј 8,5 RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅR° RѕSЃS–R±

1902 - RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚S‚SЏ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRµS‚SЂRѕ

1903 - Sѓ RЎRЁRђ RI RїSЂRѕRgR°R¶Sѓ R·'SЏRIRёRISЃSЏ RIRµRgRјRµRgRёRye RўRµRgRgS–, SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRёR№ RњRѕSЂS–SЃRѕRј S– R RѕSѓR· RњS–S‡S‚SѓRј. R¦SЏ Rј'SЏRyeR° S–RiSЂR°S€RyeR° SЃS‚R°R»R° RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅRѕSЋ RI SѓSЃSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃRIS–S‚S–.
RўRµRgRgS– - S‚R°Rye R·RјRµRЅS€SѓRIR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-RїRµSЃS‚R»RёRIRѕ R·RIR°R»Rё RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RўRµRѕRgRѕSЂR° R SѓR·RIRµR»SЊS‚R°, R»SЋR±RёS‚RµR»SЏ RїRѕR»SЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ. RќR° RѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ R· RїRѕR»SЋRIR°RЅSЊ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёRISЃSЏ SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏS‚Rё RI RїRѕSЂR°RЅRµRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃS‚R°SЂRѕRiRѕ RIRµRgRјRµRgSЏ, RЅR°R·RIR°RIS€Rё RїRѕRgS–R±RЅRµ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIRѕ "RЅRµSЃRїRѕSЂS‚RёRIRЅRёRј". RџS–SЃR»SЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RIRёRїR°RgRyeSѓ R·R° RiR»R°RIRѕSЋ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё R·R°RyeSЂS–RїRёR»RѕSЃSЏ RїSЂS–R·RIRёSЃSЊRyeRѕ "R’RµRgRјRµRgRёRye RўRµRgRgS–" (Teddy Bear)

R R°SЂRёS‚RµS‚RЅRёR№ R’RµRgRјRµRgRёRye RўRµRgRgS– (1903)

1914 - SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ S–RјRїRµSЂR°S‚RѕSЂ RњRёRyeRѕR»R° II RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёRI RїSЂRѕ RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye RyeR°RјRїR°RЅS–S— RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЅR°RgRјS–SЂRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRїRѕR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R°R»RyeRѕRiRѕR»SЋ

1919 - RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅR° R R°RgR° SѓS…RIR°R»RёR»R° R·R°RyeRѕRЅ RїSЂRѕ RIR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕRIRё RI RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRёS… SѓSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR°S… RЈRќR 

1926 -RIRёRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRѕ RЅR°R№RgRѕRIS€Sѓ RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕRјRѕRISѓ (RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚ RњR°SЂS‚S–RЅSЃRѕRЅ Sѓ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚S– R•SЃS‚RѕRЅS–S—, 11 RiRѕRgRёRЅ)

1928 - R·R°RIRµSЂS€RµRЅRѕ SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Sѓ RЅR°Rg RћRyeSЃS„RѕSЂRgSЃSЊRyeRёRј SЃR»RѕRIRЅRёRyeRѕRј R°RЅRiR»S–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕRIRё, S‰Rѕ RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ S‰Rµ 1857 SЂ. RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№, RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR№, S‚RѕRј R±SѓRgRµ RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ Sѓ RyeRIS–S‚RЅS–

1933 - Sѓ RњR°SЏRјS–, S€S‚R°S‚ R¤R»RѕSЂRёRgR°, SЃRyeRѕS”RЅRѕ R·R°RјR°S… RЅR° RѕR±SЂR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј R¤SЂR°RЅRyeR»S–RЅR° R SѓR·RIRµR»SЊS‚R°. RЈR±RёRIS†SЏ, RЅR°RIS–R¶RµRЅRёR№ R°RЅR°SЂS…S–SЃS‚ R”R¶SѓR·RµRїRїRµ R—R°RЅRiR°SЂR°, R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRI RјRµSЂR° R§RёRyeR°RiRѕ RђRЅS‚RѕRЅR° R§RµSЂRјR°RyeR°. R§RµSЂRјR°Rye RїRѕRјSЂRµ RIS–Rg SЂR°RЅ 6 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ

1942 - SЏRїRѕRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° S€S‚SѓSЂRјRѕRј RѕRIRѕR»RѕRgS–R»Rё RЎS–RЅRiR°RїSѓSЂRѕRј, SЏRyeRёR№ SѓS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»Rё R±SЂRёS‚R°RЅS†S–.
R‘R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ 80 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ S–RЅRgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёS…, R±SЂRёS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R° R°RISЃS‚SЂR°R»S–R№SЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI SЃS‚R°R»Rё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRїRѕR»RѕRЅRµRЅRёRјRё - RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€R° RyeR°RїS–S‚SѓR»SЏS†S–SЏ R±SЂRёS‚R°RЅS†S–RI RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—

1943 - SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° RѕRIRѕR»RѕRgS–R»Rё RјS–SЃS‚R°RјRё RљSЂR°SЃRЅRѕRgRѕRЅ S– R›SѓS‚SѓRiRёRЅRµ RЅR° R›SѓRiR°RЅS‰RёRЅS–

1947 - SЃRїRµS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRѕSЋ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RI RЎR RЎR  R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRµRЅRѕ S€R»SЋR±Rё RјS–R¶ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅR°RјRё R№ S–RЅRѕR·RµRјS†SЏRјRё

1956 - RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј R¤S–RЅR»SЏRЅRgS–S— RѕR±SЂR°R»Rё RЈSЂS…Rѕ RљR°R»RµRIR° RљRµRyeRyeRѕRЅRµRЅR°, SЏRyeRёR№ R·R°R»RёS€R°S‚RёRјRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° RїRѕSЃR°RgS– 26 SЂRѕRyeS–RI.
RљRµRyeRyeRѕRЅRµRЅ R±SѓRI RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё, SЏRyeSѓ RЅR° R—R°S…RѕRgS– RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»Rё "S„S–RЅR»SЏRЅRgRёR·R°S†S–SЏ": S‡R°SЃS‚RyeRѕRIR° RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRyeR° SЃSѓRIRµSЂRµRЅS–S‚RµS‚RѕRј (RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ RЅRµR№S‚SЂR°R»S–S‚RµS‚) S– RЅR°R»R°RiRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚S–SЃRЅRѕRiRѕ RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ, RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ S‚R° S–RЅS€RѕRiRѕ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS†S‚RIR° R· R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј RЎRѕSЋR·RѕRј. RЈ R¤S–RЅR»SЏRЅRgS–S— S‚R° RЎR RЎR  S†RµR№ R·RѕRIRЅS–S€RЅSЊRѕRїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ RyeSѓSЂSЃ R±SѓRI RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ SЏRye "R»S–RЅS–SЏ RџR°R°SЃS–RyeS–RIS–-RљRµRyeRyeRѕRЅRµRЅR°". RќR° RgSѓRјRyeSѓ R·R°S…S–RgRЅRёS… S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeS–RI, RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅR° R±R»RёR·SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RјS–R¶ S„S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј S–SЃS‚RµR±R»S–S€RјRµRЅS‚RѕRј S‚R° RњRѕSЃRyeRIRѕSЋ RїSЂRё RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ R±SѓR»R° S‚R°RyeRѕSЋ, S‰Rѕ "SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRѕR»S–S‚R±SЋSЂRѕ RјR°R»Rѕ S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRµ RїSЂR°RIRѕ RIRµS‚Rѕ RЅR° RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RI RyeR°R±S–RЅRµS‚ Sѓ R“RµR»SЊSЃS–RЅRyeS–"

1960 - Sѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S€RyeRѕR»R°S… RIRїSЂRѕRIR°RgR¶RµRЅS– RiSЂSѓRїRё RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RµRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ

1961 - RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїRѕSЃR°RgRyeRё RI R‘SЂSЋSЃSЃRµR»S– SЂRѕR·R±RёRISЃSЏ "R‘RѕS—RЅRi-707" R°RIS–R°RyeRѕRјRїR°RЅS–S— "RЎR°R±RµRЅR°", S‰Rѕ R»RµS‚S–RI S–R· RќSЊSЋ-R™RѕSЂRyeR°. R’SЃS– 72 RѕSЃRѕR±Rё RЅR° R±RѕSЂS‚Sѓ R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rё, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RѕRgRЅR° R»SЋRgRёRЅR° RЅR° R·RµRјR»S–.
RЎRµSЂRµRg R¶RµSЂS‚RI - R·R±S–SЂRЅR° RЎRЁRђ R· S„S–RiSѓSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeR°S‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RI RїRѕRIRЅRѕRјSѓ SЃRyeR»R°RgS–, SЏRyeR° RїSЂSЏRјSѓRIR°R»R° RЅR° S‡RµRјRїS–RѕRЅR°S‚ SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ RI RџSЂR°RiSѓ. RџS–SЃR»SЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ SЃRIS–S‚RѕRISѓ RїRµSЂS€S–SЃS‚SЊ SЃRyeR°SЃSѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR° R·RЅR°Rye R¶R°R»RѕR±Rё R·R° R·R°RiRёR±R»RёRјRё

1965 - RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rѕ RЅRѕRIRёR№ RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂ RљR°RЅR°RgRё - S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕ-R±S–R»RѕRiRѕ RgRёR·R°R№RЅSѓ R· RyeR»RµRЅRѕRIRёRј R»RёSЃS‚RyeRѕRј

1967 - Sѓ R’'S”S‚RЅR°RјS– R°SЂRјS–SЏ RЎRЁRђ RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёR»R° R·R° RѕRgRёRЅ RgRµRЅSЊ 13 RiRµR»S–RyeRѕRїS‚RµSЂS–RI

1969 - R RѕR±RµSЂS‚ R•RgRIR°SЂRgSЃ S–R· S„S–R·S–RѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕS— R»R°R±RѕSЂR°S‚RѕSЂS–S— RљRµRјR±SЂRёRgR¶SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ R·RgS–R№SЃRЅRёRI S€S‚SѓS‡RЅRµ R·R°RїR»S–RgRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R»SЋRgSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЏR№S†RµRyeR»S–S‚RёRЅRё

1971 - Sѓ R’RµR»RёRyeS–R№ R‘SЂRёS‚R°RЅS–S— R·R°RїSЂRѕRIR°RgR¶RµRЅR° RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeRѕRIR° RiSЂRѕS€RѕRIR° SЃRёSЃS‚RµRјR°.
R”RѕS‚Rё R±S–R»SЊS€ SЏRye S‚RёSЃSЏS‡Sѓ SЂRѕRyeS–RI 1 S„SѓRЅS‚ SЃS‚RµSЂR»S–RЅRiS–RI = 20 S€RёR»S–RЅRiR°Rј = 240 RїRµRЅSЃR°Rј. RќR°RgR°R»S– S„SѓRЅS‚ SЃRyeR»R°RgR°RISЃSЏ R·S– SЃS‚R° RїRµRЅSЃS–RI

1982 - R·R° 166 RyeRј RIS–Rg R±RµSЂRµRiS–RI RќSЊSЋS„R°SѓRЅRgR»RµRЅRgR° R·R°S‚RѕRЅSѓR»R° RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeR° RЅR°S„S‚RѕRIR° RїR»R°S‚S„RѕSЂRјR° "Ocean Ranger", SѓSЃS– 84 RїSЂR°S†S–RIRЅRёRyeRё R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rё

1988 - RїRѕR¶RµR¶R° RI R‘S–R±R»S–RѕS‚RµS†S– RђRyeR°RgRµRјS–S— RЅR°SѓRye RЎR RЎR  Sѓ R›RµRЅS–RЅRiSЂR°RgS–.
RџS–RgSЃSѓRјRyeRё RїRѕR¶RµR¶S–, S‰Rѕ SЃRїR°R»R°S…RЅSѓR»R° RIRЅRѕS‡S–, R±SѓR»Rё R±RµR·RїSЂRµS†RµRgRµRЅS‚RЅRёRјRё. RќRµR·RIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё RЅR° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ R»SЋRgSЃSЊRyeRёS… R¶RµSЂS‚RI RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ, SЃS‚R°R»R°SЃSЏ SЃRїSЂR°RIR¶RЅSЏ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅR° RyeR°S‚R°SЃS‚SЂRѕS„R°: Sѓ RIRѕRiRЅS– R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rё RISЃS– RїS–RgS€RёRIRyeRё RiR°R·RµS‚ R· 1922 RїRѕ 1953 SЂSЂ. (S‚SЂRµS‚RёRЅR° RISЃSЊRѕRiRѕ RiR°R·RµS‚RЅRѕRiRѕ S„RѕRЅRgSѓ), R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ 300 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RyeRЅRёRi, Sѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ S‡RёSЃR»S– RgSѓR¶Rµ SЂS–RgRyeS–SЃRЅRёS… S– RgRѕSЂRѕRiRёS…. R—R°RiR°R»RѕRј Sѓ S…RѕRgS– RiR°SЃS–RЅRЅSЏ RIRѕRiRЅSЋ RIRѕRgRѕSЋ, SЏRyeSѓ RgRѕSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏR»Rё RїRѕR¶RµR¶RЅRёRјRё SЂSѓRyeR°RIR°RјRё RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ R· RќRµRIRё, SЃRµSЂR№RѕR·RЅRѕ RїRѕSЃS‚SЂR°R¶RgR°R»Rё 3,5 RјR»RЅ. RѕRgRёRЅRёS†SЊ R·R±RµSЂS–RiR°RЅRЅSЏ.
R—RIRёS‡R°R№RЅS– RјRµS€RyeR°RЅS†S– R›RµRЅS–RЅRiSЂR°RgR° RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ R¶ RgRЅSЏ R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё SЃRIRѕS— RїRѕSЃR»SѓRiRё RI SЃSѓS€S–RЅRЅS– RyeRЅRёR¶RѕRye. RњRѕRyeSЂS– RyeRЅRёRiRё RIRёRgR°RIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅR°Rј RїS–Rg S‡RµSЃRЅRµ SЃR»RѕRIRѕ, R°R»Rµ R¶RѕRgRЅR° R· RЅRёS… RЅRµ RїSЂRѕRїR°R»R° - RISЃS– R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓS‚S– RїSЂRѕSЃSѓS€RµRЅRёRјRё

1989 - R·R°RIRµSЂS€RµRЅRѕ RIRёRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ "RѕR±RјRµR¶RµRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚RёRЅRiRµRЅS‚Sѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RIS–R№SЃSЊRye" S–R· S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RђS„RiR°RЅS–SЃS‚R°RЅSѓ (RїRѕS‡R°S‚Rѕ 15 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ 1988 SЂ.). RљS–RЅRµS†SЊ R°S„RiR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё RЎR RЎR 

R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RyeRѕR»RѕRЅR° RЅR° RјRѕSЃS‚Sѓ S‡RµSЂRµR· RџSЏRЅRgR¶: RyeS–RЅRµS†SЊ RiR°RЅRµR±RЅRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё

1989 - Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё R†RЅS–S†S–R°S‚RёRIRЅRёR№ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°RIS‚RѕRyeRµS„R°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅRѕS— S†RµSЂRyeRIRё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–

1990 - S‡RµSЂRµR· RIS–SЃS–Rј SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїS–SЃR»SЏ R¤RѕR»RyeR»RµRЅRgSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё R’RµR»RёRyeR° R‘SЂRёS‚R°RЅS–SЏ R№ RђSЂRiRµRЅS‚RёRЅR° RIS–RgRЅRѕRIRёR»Rё RI RїRѕRIRЅRѕRјSѓ RѕR±SЃSЏR·S– RgRёRїR»RѕRјR°S‚RёS‡RЅS– RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёRЅRё

1991 - Sѓ R’RёS€RµRiSЂR°RgS– (RЈRiRѕSЂS‰RёRЅR°) RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЏ RїRµSЂS€R° R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚S–RI RЈRiRѕSЂS‰RёRЅRё, RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– R№ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё R· RїRёS‚R°RЅSЊ S–RЅS‚RµRiSЂR°S†S–S— R· RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°RјRё R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕS— R„RISЂRѕRїRё S‚R° RyeRѕRѕSЂRgRёRЅR°S†S–S— RgS–R№ RЅR° S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRyeSѓ.
R—RiRѕRgRѕRј S‚SЂRёRyeSѓS‚RЅRёRye RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRёRISЃSЏ RЅR° R’RёS€RµRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeSѓ S‡RµS‚RIS–SЂRyeSѓ - RїS–SЃR»SЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ SЏRye R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅR° SЂRѕR·RgS–R»RёR»R°SЃSЏ RЅR° S‡RµS…S–SЋ S– RЎR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅSѓ

1999 - Sѓ RљRµRЅS–S— RїSЂR°S†S–RIRЅRёRyeRё SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R± RўSѓSЂRµS‡S‡RёRЅRё R·R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRѕSЋ SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R± RЎRЁRђ R№ R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЋ RIRёRyeSЂR°R»Rё R»S–RgRµSЂR° R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— RљSѓSЂRgRёSЃS‚R°RЅSѓ RђR±RgSѓR»R»Sѓ RћRgR¶R°R»R°RЅR°, RѕR±RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRѕRiRѕ RI S‚RµSЂRѕSЂRёR·RјS–.

R’RёRyeSЂR°RgRµRЅRЅSЏ RћRgR¶R°R»R°RЅR° RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rѕ SЂRµR·RѕRЅR°RЅSЃ RЅR° RIRµSЃSЊ SЃRIS–S‚

R›S–RgRµSЂR° RyeSѓSЂRgSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃRµRїR°SЂR°S‚RёSЃS‚S–RI RїRѕRјS–SЃS‚RёR»Rё S‚SѓSЂRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RI'SЏR·RЅRёS†SЋ RЅR° RѕSЃS‚SЂRѕRIS– R†RјSЂR°R»Rё RI RњR°SЂRјSѓSЂRѕRIRѕRјSѓ RјRѕSЂS–. R—RiRѕRgRѕRј RћRgR¶R°R»R°RЅR° R·R°SЃSѓRgRёR»Rё RgRѕ SЃRјRµSЂS‚RЅRѕS— RyeR°SЂRё, SЏRyeSѓ RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ RїS–Rg S‚RёSЃRyeRѕRј SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕS‚Rё R·R°RјS–RЅRёR»Rё RЅR° RgRѕRIS–S‡RЅRµ SѓRI'SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ

2003 - SЃRyeRѕRѕSЂRgRёRЅRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RgRµRЅSЊ RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚S–RI RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕS— R°RiSЂRµSЃS–S— RЎRЁRђ S– R—R°S…RѕRgSѓ RI R†SЂR°RyeSѓ.
R—R° SЂS–R·RЅRёRјRё RѕS†S–RЅRyeR°RјRё, Sѓ 60 RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°S… RЅR° RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–S— RIRёR№S€R»Rё RIS–Rg 6 RgRѕ 30 RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅS–RI RЅRµR±R°R№RgSѓR¶RёS….
R”RµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚Sѓ RI R RёRјS– R·S–R±SЂR°R»R° RјR°R№R¶Rµ 3 RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅRё RѕSЃS–R± R№ R±SѓR»R° R·R°RЅRµSЃRµRЅRµ RgRѕ RљRЅRёRiRё SЂRµRyeRѕSЂRgS–RI R“S–RЅRЅRµSЃSЃR° SЏRye RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€R° R°RЅS‚RёRIRѕS”RЅRЅR° RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—

2005 - Sѓ RЎRЁRђ SЃS‚R°RI RgRѕ R»R°RgSѓ SЃR°R№S‚ YouTube, SЏRyeRёR№ R·RiRѕRgRѕRј SЃS‚R°RI RЅR°R№RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅS–S€RёRј SЃRµSЂRIS–SЃRѕRј RgR»SЏ RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RјS–S‰RµRЅRЅSЏ R№ RїRµSЂRµRiR»SЏRgSѓ RIS–RgRµRѕ

RђRIS‚RѕSЂRё: R”RјRёS‚SЂRѕ R›RёS…RѕRIS–R№ S– R›RµSЃSЏ RЁRѕRIRyeSѓRЅ (ledilid.livejournal.com)

R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIR° RgSЂR°RјR° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°

R—R° SЃS‚RѕR»RѕRј RI RyeR°R±S–RЅRµS‚S– RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RЅR° RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R“SЂR°RgS– SЃRёRgS–RI SЃRёRIRёR№ S…RIRѕSЂRёR№ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚Sѓ R•RgRIR°SЂRgRѕRIS– R‘RµRЅRµS€Sѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ 63 SЂRѕRyeRё, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS– S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Rё S– S‚RёSЃRye R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕRїRѕRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI S†S–R»RyeRѕRIRёS‚Rѕ RIRёSЃRЅR°R¶RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ S‰RѕR№RЅRѕ RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RI RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ. R™RѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR°, SЏRyeSѓ RIS–RЅ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЂSѓS‡ R·R°SЃRЅRѕRISѓRIR°RI, R±SѓRgSѓRIR°RI S– R·R° SЏRyeSѓ R±RёRISЃSЏ RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR»S–S‚S‚SЏRјRё, RїSЂRѕRIR°R»SЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RI RјRѕSЂRѕRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂRё. R† RїS–Rg RIRёSЂRѕRyeRѕRј R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– SЃS‚RѕSЏRI R№RѕRiRѕ, R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°, RїS–RgRїRёSЃ. RћRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R„RISЂRѕRїRё RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S–. R–RёRIRёR№ S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RgRЅRёRye

RќS–, RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RЅRµ RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚S–. R’S–RЅ S‚R° R†RIR°RЅ RќRµS‡SѓR№-R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ - RgRIR° RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeRё-RyeR»R°SЃRёRyeRё, S…S‚Rѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ. R† S…RѕS‡R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRјR°RЅ "RGS–R±R° SЂRµRISѓS‚SЊ RIRѕR»Rё, SЏRye SЏSЃR»R° RїRѕRIRЅS–" RIRёRIS‡R°R»Rё RI S€RyeRѕR»S– RISЃS– R±RµR· RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ - RЅRµR°R±RёSЏRyeR° RЅRѕRIRёRЅR°.

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R“S–SЂS–Rye: RiR°SЃR»R° RЈRќR  RЅR°RiR°RgSѓRIR°R»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeS–

R†RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ R· RyeR°RЅRgRёRgR°S‚RѕRј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RЅR°SѓRye, RIS‡RµRЅRёRј SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRµRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЃRѕS†S–R°S†S–S— SЋRgR°S—RyeRё RЎRµSЂRiS–S”Rј R“S–SЂS–RyeRѕRј

RџR°SЂS‚S–S— V«S…R°RјRµR»RµRѕRЅRёV»

R’ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R·R°SЂRµS”SЃS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅRѕ 352 RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–S—. R—R° S†RёRј RїRѕRyeR°R·RЅRёRyeRѕRј RIRѕRЅR° RїRѕSЃS–RgR°S” RїRµSЂS€Rµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ RI R„RISЂRѕRїS–. RћRgRЅR°Rye RїR°SЂS‚S–S— Sѓ RЅR°SЃ RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ SЂRµS”SЃS‚SЂSѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ, R° R№ RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅRѕRISѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ. 44% RgS–SЋS‡RёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№ S…RѕS‡R° R± SЂR°R· R·R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·RјS–RЅRёR»Rё SЃRIRѕSЋ RЅR°R·RISѓ. R’ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– SЂRѕRyeRё RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅSѓRIR°RЅSЊ RїR°SЂS‚S–R№ RїRµSЂRµRIRёS‰SѓS” RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RЅRѕRIRёS… SЂRµS”SЃS‚SЂR°S†S–R№.