12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1918

V«RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°RјV» vЂ“ 102 SЂRѕRyeRё!

12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R»SѓRЅR°R»R° RјRѕRiSѓS‚RЅSЏ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!". RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RI R—R±SЂRѕR№RЅRёS… RЎRёR»R°S… RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµR№RЅSЏRI SЃS‚R°SЂRёS… R±RѕR№RѕRIRёS… S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№. RќRµRјR°S” Sѓ RЅR°SЃ RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅS–S… "RЎS–SЂRёS…" S‡Rё "RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI". R— SЏRyeRѕS— RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRё vЂ“ RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ. RњRѕR¶Rµ RyeRѕR»S–SЂ RЅRµ RїRѕRgRѕR±R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RјRѕR¶Rµ R¶SѓRїR°RЅRё RїRѕSЃRјS–S€RyeSѓ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ, R° RјRѕR¶Rµ S–S‰Rµ S‰RѕSЃSЊvЂ¦ RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RIRѕRЅRё R·R°SЃR»SѓR¶RёR»Rё RЅR° RЅR°S€Sѓ RїRѕS€R°RЅSѓ. RўRѕR¶ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!"

RљS–R»SЊRyeR° RgRЅS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ "RIS–RgRiSЂRёRјS–RI" 100-R»S–S‚RЅS–R№ SЋRIS–R»RµR№ SЃR»R°RIRЅRѕS— 6-S— RЎS–S‡RѕRIRѕS— SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊRyeRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR . RЎSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– R·RЅRѕRISѓ RјR°S”RјRѕ S‡RµSЂRiRѕRIRёR№ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјRїSЂRёRIS–Rg – 102-RiSѓ SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†SЋ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S—.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ SѓRyeR»R°RgR°RЅRЅSЏ R‘SЂRµSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRёSЂRЅRѕS— SѓRiRѕRgRё RјS–R¶ RЈRќR  S‚R° RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°RјRё R§RµS‚RIRµSЂS‚RЅRѕRiRѕ R±R»RѕRyeSѓ SЃRyeR»R°R»RёSЃSЊ SЃRїSЂRёSЏS‚R»RёRIS– SѓRјRѕRIRё RgR»SЏ R·R°RIRµSЂS€RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚RѕS— R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-RїSЂRѕSЃRIS–S‚RЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRѕRIR°RgRёR»R°SЃSЊ S‡R»RµRЅR°RјRё RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ R’RёR·RIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё SЃRµSЂRµRg SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S—, RyeRѕS‚SЂS– RI SЂRѕRyeRё RџRµSЂS€RѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЊ RI R°RISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°S… RgR»SЏ RїRѕR»RѕRЅRµRЅRёS….

R›RѕRiS–S‡RЅRёRј RyeSЂRѕRyeRѕRј RїS–SЃR»SЏ SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRёR·RyeRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RiSѓSЂS‚RyeS–RI SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕRiRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ R·S”RgRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ.

12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1918 SЂ. RgRѕ S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–RI R¤SЂR°R№S€S‚R°RgS‚ S– R™RѕR·RµS„S€S‚R°RgS‚, R·R° RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRЅRёS†S‚RIR° R°RISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIR°, RЅR°RgS–R№S€R»R° S‚RµR»RµRiSЂR°RјR° ("RЅR°RyeR°R·") R”RµR»RµRiR°S†S–S— RЈRќR  RЅR° R±SЂRµSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRµSЂRµRiRѕRIRѕSЂR°S…. RЈ RЅS–R№ RIS–Rg S–RјRµRЅS– R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRїRѕR»RѕRЅRµRЅRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rё RїSЂRёS”RgRЅR°S‚RёSЃSЊ RgRѕ R»R°RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— RgR»SЏ R·R°S…RёSЃS‚Sѓ SЂS–RgRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeSЂR°SЋ.

RћRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RI RѕR±RѕS… S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°S… RIS–RgR±SѓR»RёSЃSЊ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚S– R·R±RѕSЂRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RЅR° SЏRyeRёS… R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRёSЂS–S€RµRЅRѕ RЅRµRiR°R№RЅRѕ RISЃS‚SѓRїRёS‚Rё RgRѕ R»R°RI RЅRѕRIRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— 1-S— RљRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeRѕS—-SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊRyeRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S—, S‰Rѕ RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ R№ RјR°R»R° SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°S‚Rё SЃRIRѕS” S‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ.

RЎS‚R°SЂS€RёRЅRё-RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂRё 1-S— RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeRѕ-SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊRyeRѕS— (RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRѕS—) RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  R· R°RISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RѕS„S–S†RµSЂR°RјRё
RЎS‚R°SЂS€RёRЅRё-RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂRё 1-S— RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeRѕ-SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊRyeRѕS— (RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRѕS—) RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  R· R°RISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RѕS„S–S†RµSЂR°RјRё
RўRёRЅS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ RЇ. RћS„S–S†RµSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕSЂRїSѓSЃ RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  (1917-1921 SЂSЂ.). RљRЅRёRiR° R†. RљRёS—RI: RўRµRјRїRѕSЂR°. 2007.

RќRµRIRgRѕRIR·S– RgR»SЏ RЅRµS— R±SѓR»R° R·R°RїSЂRѕRIR°RgR¶RµRЅR° RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIR° RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIR° S„RѕSЂRјR°, S‰Rѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgR°R»R°SЃSЊ R· RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕRiRѕ SЃS–SЂRѕRiRѕ R¶SѓRїR°RЅR°, SЃS–SЂRёS… S€S‚R°RЅS–RI S‚R° RyeSЂSѓRiR»RѕRiRѕ SЃS–SЂRѕRiRѕ RyeR°S€RyeRµS‚Sѓ.

R§RµSЂRµR· S†Rµ RgRёRIS–R·S–SЏ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° RЅRµRѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅSѓ RЅR°R·RISѓ "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅR°", R° S—S— RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI SЃS‚R°R»Rё R№RјRµRЅSѓRIR°S‚Rё "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°RјRё". RGRѕS‡R° RЅR° RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS– S‚R°RyeR° RЅR°R·RIR° R±SѓR»R° R·R°RyeSЂS–RїR»RµRЅR° R»RёS€Rµ 26 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1919 SЂ. 

R¦RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRј S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRёRIS–R·S–S— SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ-R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№, S‰Rѕ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RI S‚RѕRgS– RїS–Rg SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏRј R°RISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–R№RЅRѕS— R°RgRјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR°S†S–S—.

RћS„S–S†RµSЂRё RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RЅR° SЃS‚R°RЅS†S–S— R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ-R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№
RћS„S–S†RµSЂRё RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RЅR° SЃS‚R°RЅS†S–S— R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ-R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№
RђRISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅR° R±S–R±R»S–RѕS‚RµRyeR°

R”RёRIS–R·S–SЏ SЃRyeR»R°RgR°R»R°SЃSЊ R· 4 RїS–S€RёS… RїRѕR»RyeS–RI, 1 RiR°SЂRјR°S‚RЅRѕRiRѕ RgRёRIS–R·S–RѕRЅSѓ, RyeS–RЅRЅRѕS— R№ S–RЅR¶RµRЅRµSЂRЅRѕS— SЃRѕS‚RµRЅSЊ S‚R° RЅRёR·RyeRё RgRѕRїRѕRјS–R¶RЅRёS… RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»S–RI. RЎS‚R°RЅRѕRј RЅR° 1 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1918 SЂ. S—S— R±RѕR№RѕRIR° S‡RёSЃRµR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»R° 140 SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёRЅ S– 6000 R±R°RiRЅRµS‚S–RI. 

RќR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1918 SЂ. R°RISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRµ RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµRgR°R»Rѕ RgRёRIS–R·S–SЋ Sѓ SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RIR»R°RgRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRё RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR° RџR°RIR»R° RЎRyeRѕSЂRѕRїR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ.

R“RµS‚SЊRјR°RЅ RџR°RIR»Rѕ RЎRyeRѕSЂRѕRїR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕRiR»SЏRgR°S” RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI. RџRѕR·R°RgSѓ RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR° - RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRё RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R RѕRiRѕR·R°. RљRёS—RI. RљR°S‚RµSЂRёRЅRёRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RISѓR»RёS†SЏ. 1 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
R“RµS‚SЊRјR°RЅ RџR°RIR»Rѕ RЎRyeRѕSЂRѕRїR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕRiR»SЏRgR°S” RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI. RџRѕR·R°RgSѓ RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR° - RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRё RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R RѕRiRѕR·R°. RљRёS—RI. RљR°S‚RµSЂRёRЅRёRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RISѓR»RёS†SЏ. 1 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

RћRgRЅR°Rye S‚RѕR№, RЅRµ RgSѓR¶Rµ RїRѕRyeR»R°RgR°SЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RЅR° R»RѕSЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-SЃRIS–RgRѕRјRёS… "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI", RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIRёRI RgRёRIS–R·S–SЋ RїRѕRgR°R»S– RIS–Rg RљRёS”RIR° RЅR° RїS–RIRЅS–S‡RЅSѓ R§RµSЂRЅS–RiS–RIS‰RёRЅSѓ RI SЂR°R№RѕRЅ RљRѕRЅRѕS‚RѕRїR° S– RљSЂRѕR»RµRIS†SЏ RgR»SЏ R·R°S…RёSЃS‚Sѓ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅSѓ R· SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ R RѕSЃS–S”SЋ.

RџR°SЂR°R»RµR»SЊRЅRѕ SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЊ R·R°RјS–RЅR° RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ RЅR° SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕS„S–S†RµSЂS–RI S‚R° S€RIRёRgRyeR° RgRµRјRѕR±S–R»S–R·R°S†S–SЏ RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI, RIRЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye S‡RѕRiRѕ S‡RёSЃRµR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RgRёRIS–R·S–S— SЂS–R·RyeRѕ SЃRyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RёR»R°SЃSЊ S– SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»R° Sѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R»RёS€Rµ RїSЂRёR±R»RёR·RЅRѕ 1200 S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye.

RўRѕR¶ RЅRµRјR°S” S‡RѕRiRѕ RgRёRISѓRIR°S‚RёSЃSЊ, S‰Rѕ "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeRё" RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR° RЎRyeRѕSЂRѕRїR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S– 17 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїRµSЂRµR№S€R»Rё RЅR° R±S–Rye R”RёSЂRµRyeS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRќR .

RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ S—S…RЅS– R»R°RIRё R·R±S–R»SЊS€RёR»RёSЃSЊ RgRѕ 6000, R°R»Rµ SЏRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRїRѕRIRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»R° RIRyeSЂR°R№ RЅRёR·SЊRyeRѕSЋ.

RњS–S‚RёRЅRi
RњS–S‚RёRЅRi "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI"

RџRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅR° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RЅRѕRIRѕRїSЂRёR±SѓR»RёS… R±SѓR»Rё R·R°SЂR°R¶RµRЅS– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕSЋ RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgRѕSЋ, S‚RѕRјSѓ, RѕRgSЏRiRЅSѓRIS€Rё SЃS–SЂS– R¶SѓRїR°RЅRё, R±SѓR»Rё RiRѕS‚RѕRIS– RIRѕSЋRIR°S‚Rё R»RёS€Rµ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЅRµRЅR°RIRёSЃRЅRѕRiRѕ RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR°, R°R»Rµ R·R° RїRµSЂS€RѕS— R»S–RїS€RѕS— RЅR°RiRѕRgRё RїRµSЂRµS…RѕRgRёR»Rё RЅR° R±S–Rye "S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёS…".

RўRѕRјSѓ Sѓ RiSЂSѓRgRЅRµRIRёS… R±RѕSЏS… R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RЅR° R§RµSЂRЅS–RiS–RIS‰RёRЅS– S‡RёSЃRµR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI R·RЅRѕRISѓ R·RјRµRЅS€RёR»RёSЃSЊ. RђR±Rё RѕS‡RёSЃS‚RёS‚RёSЃSЊ RIS–Rg RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RѕRiRѕ RµR»RµRјRµRЅS‚Sѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRѕ RgRµRјRѕR±S–R»S–R·R°S†S–SЋ, RїS–SЃR»SЏ SЏRyeRѕS— RI RgRёRIS–R·S–S— R±SѓR»Rѕ R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ 2500 RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI. 

R’RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶ SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ-R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1919 SЂ. "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeRё" RIRµRgSѓS‚SЊ RIR°R¶RyeS– R±RѕS— RЅR° RџSЂR°RIRѕR±RµSЂRµR¶RЅS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RI SЂR°R№RѕRЅS– RљRѕSЂRѕSЃS‚RµRЅSЏ, RћRISЂSѓS‡R°, R–RёS‚RѕRјRёSЂR° S– R‘RµSЂRgRёS‡RµRIR°, R·R°R·RЅR°RIS€Rё RїSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RIS–RgS‡SѓS‚RЅRёS… RIS‚SЂR°S‚ – RI RїRѕR»RyeR°S… R·R°R»RёS€RёR»RѕSЃSЊ RїRѕ 70–150 R±R°RiRЅRµS‚S–RI. 

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµRїRѕS‡RёRЅRyeSѓ RI RЁRµRїRµS‚S–RIS†S– Sѓ RyeRIS–S‚RЅS– 1919 SЂ. RgRёRIS–R·S–SЋ R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»RµRЅRѕ RЅR° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚ RI SЂR°R№RѕRЅ R›SѓS†SЊRyeR°. "RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeRё" R·R°R№RЅSЏR»Rё RїRѕR·RёS†S–S— RЅR°Rg SЂS–S‡RyeRѕSЋ RЎS‚RѕS…S–Rg.

"RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeRё"

R¤SЂRѕRЅS‚ RgRѕRIR¶RёRЅRѕSЋ RI 120 RIRµSЂSЃS‚ S‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° RyeSѓRїRyeR° RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI - R»RёS€Rµ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЃRѕS‚RµRЅSЊ R»SЋRgRµR№. RџRѕRїRѕRIRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RЅRµ RЅR°RgS…RѕRgRёR»Rѕ; R±SЂR°RyeSѓRIR°R»Rѕ RyeRѕRЅRµR№, R·R±SЂRѕS—, SЃRїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, R±RѕS”RїSЂRёRїR°SЃS–RI.

R—R° SЃRїRѕRiR°RgR°RјRё SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI, R°R±Rё RgRѕR±SѓS‚Rё "R·R°R№RIRёR№" S‚RµR»RµS„RѕRЅ "SЃS–SЂS–" S…RѕRgRёR»Rё R·R° R»S–RЅS–SЋ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ, R·RЅS–RјR°R»Rё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS– R·R°SЃS‚R°RIRё S– R·R°R±RёSЂR°R»Rё RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRµ S—Rј S‚RµS…RЅS–S‡RЅRµ RѕR±R»R°RgRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ.

RЎRёR»Rё RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RїRѕSЃR»R°R±R»SЋRIR°R»Rё R№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№RЅS– RїRµSЂS‚SѓSЂR±R°S†S–S—, R°RgR¶Rµ RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rѕ RЅR° S—S— R±R°R·S– SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RgSЂSѓRiSѓ RgRёRIS–R·S–SЋ, R№ R·RIRµSЃS‚Rё RѕR±RёRgRIR° R·S”RgRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RI RyeRѕSЂRїSѓSЃ. RџRѕR»SЏRyeRё R¶ RЅR°RIRїR°RyeRё R·R±S–R»SЊS€RёR»Rё SЃRIRѕS— RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°.

RќR° S„SЂRѕRЅS‚ RїSЂRёR±SѓR»R° SЃRIS–R¶R°, S‰RѕR№RЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµRyeRёRЅSѓS‚R° R· R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–S— 1-R° SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊRyeR° RgRёRIS–R·S–SЏ R· R°SЂRјS–S— RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»R° R“R°R»R»RµSЂR°. 14 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° RїRµSЂRµR№S€R»Rё RI RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRї, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ S‡RёRј SЃS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°S‚Rё.

R§RµSЂRµR· RgRIR° RgRЅS– RїRѕR»SЏRyeRё R·R°R№RЅSЏR»Rё R›SѓS†SЊRye, RgRµ R·R°S…RѕRїRёR»Rё R±R°RiR°S‚S– S‚SЂRѕS„RµS— S‚R° S‡RёRјR°R»Rѕ RїRѕR»RѕRЅRµRЅRёS…, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°, S€S‚R°R± RЅRµS‰RѕRgR°RIRЅRѕ SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕSЂRїSѓSЃSѓ "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI" S‚R° R±S–R»SЊS€Sѓ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅSѓ R№RѕRiRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±RѕRIRѕRiRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ.

RЈ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– - RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂ RЎS–SЂRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— R†RIR°RЅ RџRµSЂR»RёRye
RЈ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– - RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂ RЎS–SЂRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— R†RIR°RЅ RџRµSЂR»RёRye

RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1919 SЂ. R· SЂRµS€S‚RѕRye RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕSЂRїSѓSЃSѓ, SЏRyeS– SѓRЅRёRyeRЅSѓR»Rё RЅRµRIRѕR»S–, SЃS„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°R»Rё 10-R№ RЎS–SЂRёR№ RїS–S€RёR№ RїRѕR»Rye. R’S–RЅ SѓRIS–R№S€RѕRI RgRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ 4-S— RGRѕR»RјSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S—, RyeRѕS‚SЂS–R№ RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– R»RёRїRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕ RЅR°RgR°RЅRѕ RїRѕS‡RµSЃRЅRµ RЅR°R№RјRµRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ "RЎS–SЂR°" RI RѕR·RЅR°RјRµRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R±RѕR№RѕRIRёS… R·R°SЃR»SѓRi "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI".

RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1919 SЂ. 4-R° RЎS–SЂR° RgRёRIS–R·S–SЏ R±SѓR»R° RїRµSЂRµS„RѕSЂRјRѕRIR°RЅR° Sѓ 4-R№ R·R±S–SЂRЅRёR№ RїS–S€RёR№ RїRѕR»Rye. R’ SЃRyeR»R°RgS– R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R·R±S–SЂRЅRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RIS–RЅ RIRёSЂSѓS€RёRI Sѓ RiRµSЂRѕS—S‡RЅRёR№ RџRµSЂS€RёR№ R—RёRјRѕRIRёR№ RїRѕS…S–Rg.

RЈ R»RёRїRЅS– 1920 SЂ. 4-R№ RїRѕR»Rye SЃS‚R°RI 4-SЋ RЎS–SЂRѕSЋ SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊRyeRѕSЋ R±SЂRёRiR°RgRѕSЋ 2-S— R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊRyeRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S—. 

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RїRѕSЂR°R·RyeRё RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1920 SЂ. "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeRё" R±SѓR»Rё S–RЅS‚RµSЂRЅRѕRIR°RЅS– RїRѕR»SЏRyeR°RјRё. 12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1921 SЂ. Sѓ S‚R°R±RѕSЂS– RI Rј. RљR°R»S–S€ RIRѕRЅRё RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёR»Rё SЃRIRѕS” SЃRISЏS‚Rѕ.

RњR°SЂS€
RњR°SЂS€ "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI". 7 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
RђRISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅR° R±S–R±R»S–RѕS‚RµRyeR°

R— S†S–S”S— RЅR°RiRѕRgRё SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕSЃS‚R°S‡R°RЅRЅSЏ 2-S— R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RIRёRgS–R»RёR»Rѕ 23 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S– RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… RјR°SЂRѕRye RЅR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЋ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚RѕSЃS‚RµR№. "RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI" RїSЂRёRIS–S‚R°RI RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂ RgRёRIS–R·S–S—, R·RIRµSЂRЅSѓRIS€RёSЃSЊ RgRѕ RЅRёS… R· S‚R°RyeRёRјRё SЃR»RѕRIR°RјRё:

"R— RїRѕS‡SѓS‚S‚SЏRј RiR»RёR±RѕRyeRѕS— RїRѕRIR°RiRё S– RIRgSЏS‡RЅRѕSЃS‚S– RIS–S‚R°SЋ… SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёRЅ S– RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI.

RўRIRµSЂRgRѕ RIS–SЂSЋ, S‰Rѕ SЃR»R°RIRµS‚RЅR° 4-R° RЎS–SЂR° RїS–S€R° R±SЂRёRiR°RgR° R±SѓRgRµ R№ RЅR°RgR°R»S– RЅRµSЃS‚Rё RIRёSЃRѕRyeRѕ SЃRIS–R№ R±RѕR№RѕRIRёR№ SЃS‚SЏRi S– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RiRµSЂRѕS—S‡RЅRѕS— R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё R·R° RIRёR·RIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RIRµR»RёRyeRёRјRё R»S–S‚RµSЂR°RјRё R·R°RЅRѕS‚SѓS” RЅR° SЃRIRѕS—S… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeR°S… RgRµRЅSЊ 12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ – S†RµR№ RgRµRЅSЊ SЃRISЏS‚R° "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI", RI SЏRyeRёR№ RIRѕRЅRё RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ SЃS‚R°R»Rё RїS–Rg RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂ R’RёR·RIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё.

RGR°R№ R»SѓRЅR°S” RјRѕRiSѓS‚RЅSЏ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!"".

R† R·RЅRѕRISѓ RIRёRЅRёRyeR°S” S‚Rµ SЃR°RјRµ SЂRёS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRµ R·R°SѓRIR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, S‰Rѕ R№ R· 6-SЋ RЎS–S‡RѕRIRѕSЋ RgRёRIS–R·S–S”SЋ.

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ S‚R°RyeRё "R·R°RЅRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»R°" RЅR° SЃRIRѕS—S… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeR°S… RiRµSЂRѕS—S‡RЅS– RїRѕRgRIRёRiRё RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI R·S”RgRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ. RђRgR¶Rµ S” S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅS– SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Rё SЃR°RјRёS… "SЃS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI", S” RїR°RјSЏS‚RЅRёRyeRё RЅR° RјRѕRiRёR»R°S… RїRѕR»RµRiR»RёS… RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI RgRёRIS–R·S–S— RI Rј. R›R°RЅS–RIS†S– RўRµSЂRЅRѕRїS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S– S‚R° RI SЃ. RGRѕR»RѕRgRµS†SЊ R’RѕR»RѕS‡RёSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R№RѕRЅSѓ RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S– (SЃRїRѕSЂSѓRgR¶RµRЅS– Sѓ 2012 S– 2018 SЂSЂ. RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ).

R„ RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅR° RgRѕS€RyeR° Sѓ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂS–-R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ (RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚R° Sѓ 2019 SЂ.).

RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅR° RgRѕS€RyeR° Sѓ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂS–-R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ
RњRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅR° RgRѕS€RyeR° Sѓ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂS–-R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ

RћRgRЅR°Rye RїSЂRёRyeSЂRѕ, S‰Rѕ Sѓ RgRµRЅSЊ 12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R»SѓRЅR°S” RјRѕRiSѓS‚RЅSЏ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!", R°RgR¶Rµ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RI R—R±SЂRѕR№RЅRёS… RЎRёR»R°S… RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµR№RЅSЏRI SЃS‚R°SЂRёS… R±RѕR№RѕRIRёS… S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№.

RќRµRјR°S” Sѓ RЅR°SЃ RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅS–S… "RЎS–SЂRёS…" S‡Rё "RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI".

R— SЏRyeRѕS— RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRё – RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ. RњRѕR¶Rµ RyeRѕR»S–SЂ RЅRµ RїRѕRgRѕR±R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RјRѕR¶Rµ R¶SѓRїR°RЅRё RїRѕSЃRјS–S€RyeSѓ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ, R° RјRѕR¶Rµ S–S‰Rµ S‰RѕSЃSЊ…

RўR° R№ 100-R»S–S‚RЅS–R№ SЋRIS–R»RµR№ – R° S†Rµ, RЅRµ R·R°R±SѓRIR°R№RјRѕ, RiR°SЂRЅRёR№ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјRїSЂRёRIS–Rg (RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRµ RјS–SЂRёR»Rѕ R°RyeS‚SѓR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– S– RIR°R¶R»RёRIRѕSЃS‚S–) – RIR¶Rµ SЏRye RgRIR° SЂRѕRyeRё RјRёRЅSѓRI.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RIRѕRЅRё R·R°SЃR»SѓR¶RёR»Rё RЅR° RЅR°S€Sѓ RїRѕS€R°RЅSѓ.

RўRѕR¶ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!"

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R“SЂRѕRјRµRЅRyeRѕ: R•RїS–RgRµRјS–SЏ S‚R° RyeRѕSЂSѓRїS†S–SЏ vЂ“ RIRёR±SѓS…RѕRЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅR° SЃSѓRјS–S€!

RЈR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1829 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RЎRµRIR°SЃS‚RѕRїRѕR»S– R±SѓRI RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRёR№ RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S‡SѓRјRё, SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ R±SѓR»Rё RїS–RgRgR°RЅS– SѓSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚RµR»S– R±RµR· SЂRѕR·R±RѕSЂSѓ. R’RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅSѓ RЅR°SЃS‚R°RI RiRѕR»RѕRg, RїRёS€RЅRѕ SЂRѕR·S†RIS–R»Rё SЃRїRµRyeSѓR»SЏS†S–SЏ, R·R»RѕRIR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S„R»RѕS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… S–RЅS‚RµRЅRgR°RЅS‚S–RI S– RyeRѕSЂSѓRїS†S–SЏ Sѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰S– S‡RёRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeS–RI.

R®SЂS–R№ RњRёS‚SЂRѕS„R°RЅRµRЅRyeRѕ: R“RѕS‚SѓR№ RЅRѕRIRёS… R±RѕSЂS†S–RI, RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ RЇSЂRµ!

RЎR°RјRµ S‚R°RyeRёRјRё R±SѓR»Rё RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– SЃR»RѕRIR° R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°RyeR° vЂ“ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ. R¦S– S‚RµSЂRµRЅRё, S‡RёRјRѕSЃSЊ RїRѕRgS–R±RЅS– RgRѕ RљR°SЂRїR°S‚, R±SѓR»Rё V«RЅRµRїRѕS…RёS‚RЅRёRј S‚R° RЅRµRIR±R»R°RiR°RЅRЅRёRј RIRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRјV» RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS–RI RѕRїRѕSЂSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RѕRyeSѓRїR°RЅS‚R°Rј.
R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°Rye R·R°RiRёRЅSѓRI Sѓ R±RѕSЋ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RЅR° S…SѓS‚RѕSЂS– RљSЂRµSЃRµR»SЊS†S–, RЅRµRїRѕRgR°R»S–Rye RIS–Rg RњRѕS‚SЂRѕRЅRёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRѕRЅR°SЃS‚RёSЂSЏ. R”RѕRЅRµRgR°RIRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕS— RgR°S‚Rё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R±RѕSЋ.

RњR°RyeSЃRёRј RњRёSЂRѕRIRёS‡: R’SЃSЏ RїSЂR°RIRgR° RїSЂRѕ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIRµSЃS–R»R»SЏ

R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S…S‚Rѕ RgRѕ SЃRёS… RїS–SЂ R·RiR°RgSѓS” S†S– RIRµSЃS–R»R»SЏ SЏRye "RgRѕR±SЂS– S– SЃR»R°RIRЅS– SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–S—", R° SЏ R±R°S‡Sѓ RI RЅRёS… RISЃRµ R¶ S‚Sѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ R±SЋSЂRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–SЋ R· S—S— R±RµR·RgSѓS€RЅS–SЃS‚SЋ S– R±R°R№RgSѓR¶RёRј SЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј RgRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚RѕSЃS‚S–. R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIRµSЃS–R»R»SЏ R±SѓR»Rё SЏRye RgRIS– RyeSЂR°RїR»S– RIRѕRgRё SЃS…RѕR¶S– RѕRgRёRЅ RЅR° RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ, R° RЅR°SЂRµS‡RµRЅS– S‚R° S—S… SЂRѕRgRёS‡S– S‚RµSЂRїS–R»Rё RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— S‚R°RyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃSѓ R±RµR·R»S–S‡ RgSЂS–R±RЅRёS… RїSЂRёRЅRёR¶RµRЅSЊ.

RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ R SѓRyeRyeR°SЃ: V«RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°RјV» vЂ“ 102 SЂRѕRyeRё!

12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R»SѓRЅR°R»R° RјRѕRiSѓS‚RЅSЏ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!". RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RI R—R±SЂRѕR№RЅRёS… RЎRёR»R°S… RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµR№RЅSЏRI SЃS‚R°SЂRёS… R±RѕR№RѕRIRёS… S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№. RќRµRјR°S” Sѓ RЅR°SЃ RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅS–S… "RЎS–SЂRёS…" S‡Rё "RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI". R— SЏRyeRѕS— RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRё vЂ“ RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ. RњRѕR¶Rµ RyeRѕR»S–SЂ RЅRµ RїRѕRgRѕR±R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RјRѕR¶Rµ R¶SѓRїR°RЅRё RїRѕSЃRјS–S€RyeSѓ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ, R° RјRѕR¶Rµ S–S‰Rµ S‰RѕSЃSЊvЂ¦ RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RIRѕRЅRё R·R°SЃR»SѓR¶RёR»Rё RЅR° RЅR°S€Sѓ RїRѕS€R°RЅSѓ.
RўRѕR¶ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!"