RќRµ R›RµSЃRµSЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRyeRѕSЋ S”RgRёRЅRѕSЋ: 10 SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕRye, RїSЂRѕ SЏRyeRёS… RIR°SЂS‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·RyeR°R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё RI S€RyeRѕR»S–

RЇRyeRёS… RIRёRgR°S‚RЅRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕRye RIRё R·RЅR°S”S‚Rµ? RќR°R№S‡R°SЃS‚S–S€Rµ R»SѓRЅR°SЋS‚SЊ S–RјRµRЅR° R›RµSЃS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRyeRё, R RѕRyeSЃRѕR»R°RЅRё, RyeRЅSЏRiRёRЅS– RћR»SЊRiRё, R›S–RЅRё RљRѕSЃS‚RµRЅRyeRѕ. RўR° S†Rµ RЅRµ RISЃS– RIRёRgR°S‚RЅS– R¶S–RЅRyeRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

"R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓS” S†RµR№ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R», S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR·RјS–S‰RµRЅRёR№ RЅR° SЃR°R№S‚S– R’SЃRµRѕSЃRIS–S‚R°, S–R· R»SЋR±SЏR·RЅRѕRiRѕ RgRѕR·RIRѕR»Sѓ R°RIS‚RѕSЂRyeRё.


R¦SЏ S‚RµRјR° RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅR° RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– 8 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ. RђRgR¶Rµ S†Rµ RЅRµ SЃRISЏS‚Rѕ RyeSЂR°SЃRё S‚R° RIRµSЃRЅRё. R¦Rµ, RI RїRµSЂS€Sѓ S‡RµSЂRiSѓ, RgRµRЅSЊ R¶S–RЅRѕRye S‚R° R·R°S…RёSЃS‚Sѓ S—S…RЅS–S… RїSЂR°RI. RўRѕRјSѓ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ RIR°SЂS‚Rѕ RIS–RgS–R№S‚Rё RIS–Rg S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRёS… RyeRѕRЅRyeSѓSЂSЃS–RI "RњS–SЃSЃ" S‚R° SЂRѕR·RyeR°R·R°S‚Rё R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RјR°R»RѕRIS–RgRѕRјRёS… R¶S–RЅRѕRye, S‰Rѕ RјS–RЅSЏR»Rё RЅR°S€Sѓ RyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ.

 

R“R°R»SЊS€RyeR° R„R»RёR·R°RIRµS‚R° RћSЃS‚SЂRѕR·SЊRyeR° (1539 – 1582) – RyeRЅSЏRiRёRЅSЏ, SЏRyeR° RїRѕS…RѕRgRёR»R° R· RgR°RIRЅSЊRѕSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRЅSЏR·S–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRgSѓ RћSЃS‚SЂRѕR·SЊRyeRёS…. RЈ SЃRIRѕS”RјSѓ R·R°RїRѕRIS–S‚S– R“R°R»SЊS€RyeR° RћSЃS‚SЂRѕR·SЊRyeR° R·R°RїRѕRIS–R»R° 6 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RyeS–Rї R»RёS‚RѕRISЃSЊRyeRёS… RiSЂRѕS€RµR№ RЅR° SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RѕRye S€RїRёS‚R°R»SЋ R№ RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅRѕS— R°RyeR°RgRµRјS–S—, S‰Rѕ RїR»R°RЅSѓRIR°RI RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚Rё RI RћSЃS‚SЂRѕR·S– S—S— RgSЏRgSЊRyeRѕ.

RўR°RyeRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј, RћSЃS‚SЂRѕR·SЊRyeR° R°RyeR°RgRµRјS–SЏ R·SЏRIRёR»R°SЃSЏ R· RIRѕR»S– R№ R·R° RyeRѕS€S‚Rё R“R°R»SЊS€RyeRё. RљSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ, RIRѕRЅR° RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ R¶RµSЂS‚RISѓRIR°R»R° RiSЂRѕS€S– RЅR° SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RѕRye RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё.

 

RњR°SЂS–SЏ RњR°RiRgR°R»RёRЅR° RњR°R·RµRїR° (1624 – 1707) – S–RiSѓRјRµRЅSЏ RљRёS”RIRѕ-RџRµS‡RµSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R’RѕR·RЅRµSЃRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S– R“R»SѓS…S–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЈSЃRїRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgS–RIRѕS‡RёS… RјRѕRЅR°SЃS‚RёSЂS–RI, RјR°S‚Rё RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R†RIR°RЅR° RњR°R·RµRїRё. RўR° RyeSЂS–Rј S†SЊRѕRiRѕ, S—S— RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€R°, RїRµRIRЅRѕ, RїSЂR°S†SЏ – R·R°RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIRёS€RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·RѕR»RѕS‚RѕSЋ S‚R° SЃSЂS–R±RЅRѕSЋ RЅRёS‚RyeRѕSЋ S†RµSЂRyeRѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕRgSЏRiSѓ R№ S–RyeRѕRЅ.

 

R“R°RЅRЅR° R‘R°SЂRIS–RЅRѕRye (1828 – 1911) – RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёS†SЏ. RќR°R№S‡R°SЃS‚S–S€Rµ S—S— R·RiR°RgSѓSЋS‚SЊ R»RёS€Rµ SЏRye RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅSѓ RџR°RЅS‚RµR»RµR№RјRѕRЅR° RљSѓR»S–S€R°. RўR° RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS–, RIRѕRЅR° RїRёSЃR°R»R° RїSЂRµRyeSЂR°SЃRЅS– RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏ. RўR° RIRѕRЅR° RgSѓR¶Rµ SЂR°RЅRѕ RѕRgSЂSѓR¶RёR»R°SЃSЏ. RGR°S‚RЅS– S‚R° SЃS–RјRµR№RЅS– SЃRїSЂR°RIRё RЅRµ R·R°R»RёS€RёR»Rё S—R№ S‡R°SЃSѓ RЅR° SЂRµR°R»S–R·R°S†S–SЋ SЃRµR±Rµ, SЏRye RјRёSЃS‚RyeRёRЅS–.

 

RџRµR»R°RiRµSЏ R›RёS‚RIRёRЅRѕRIR° (1833 – 1904) – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeR° RgS–SЏS‡RyeR°, RµS‚RЅRѕRiSЂR°S„RyeR°, S„RѕR»SЊRyeR»RѕSЂRёSЃS‚RyeR°. RџSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RЅRµRјR°S” S‚R°RyeRѕS— RiR°R»SѓR·S– RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё, SЏRyeSѓ R± RѕRјRёRЅSѓR»R° SѓRIR°RiRѕSЋ Sѓ SЃRIRѕS—S… S‡RёSЃR»RµRЅRЅRёS… RyeSЂR°S”R·RЅR°RIS‡RёS… RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏS… R›RёS‚RIRёRЅRѕRIR°.

R’RѕRЅR° R·R±RёSЂR°R»R° RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё R· RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S‚RyeR°S†S‚RIR°, SЂRёR±R°R»SЊSЃS‚RIR°, RyeSѓR»S–RЅR°SЂS–S—, RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RIS–SЂSѓRIR°RЅSЊ, S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№, RїRѕR±SѓS‚Sѓ, RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃS‚RIR° S‚RѕS‰Rѕ. R’SЃS– S†S– RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё, R·S–R±SЂR°RЅS– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ S‡RёSЃR»RµRЅRЅRёS… RµS‚RЅRѕRiSЂR°S„S–S‡RЅRёS…, RјRёSЃS‚RµS†S‚RIRѕR·RЅR°RIS‡RёS… S‚R° S„RѕR»SЊRyeR»RѕSЂRёSЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёS… SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRѕRye, RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёS†SЏ SЂRµS‚RµR»SЊRЅRѕ RIRёRIS‡R°R»R° S‚R° SЃRёSЃS‚RµRјR°S‚RёR·SѓRIR°R»R°.

R—SЂRѕR±R»RµRЅS– S‚R° RIRёRgR°RЅS– RЅRµSЋ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS– R·R°RїRёSЃRё R·RgRѕR±SѓR»Rё S—R№ S€RёSЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃR»R°RISѓ RIRёRgR°S‚RЅRѕS— R·RЅR°RIS‡RёRЅS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃS‚R°SЂRѕR¶RёS‚RЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, R° R№ Sѓ R„RISЂRѕRїS–.

 

RЎRѕS„S–SЏ R SѓSЃRѕRIR° (1856 – 1940) – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїRµRgR°RiRѕRiRёRЅSЏ, RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёS†SЏ, R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRѕR·RЅR°RIRёS†SЏ S‚R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeR° RgS–SЏS‡RyeR°, RѕRgRЅR° R· RїRµSЂS€RёS… R±RѕSЂS‡RёRЅSЊ R·R° RїSЂR°RIR° R¶S–RЅRѕRye RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RњR°R»R° R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅSѓ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RїRѕR·RёS†S–SЋ. R—R°RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓRIR°R»R° R°RyeS†S–SЋ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

R—R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS†SЏ RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЂR°RgRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R¶S–RЅRѕRye Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S–. RЎRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»R° R· RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёRјRё SѓSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR°RјRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSЂRѕRјR°RgRё R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё. R—R°R№RјR°R»R°SЃSЏ RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgR°RјRё SЂS–R·RЅRёS… S–RЅRѕR·RµRјRЅRёS… S‚RµRyeSЃS‚S–RI. R SѓSЃRѕRIR° R±SЂR°R»R° SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ SЂRѕR±RѕS‚S– S‡RµSЂRiRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RњS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R¶S–RЅRѕS‡RѕRiRѕ RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ R›S–RiRё RјRёSЂSѓ S‚R° SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgRё.

RўR° RyeSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ, RIRѕRЅR° R±SѓR»R° RIRёRgR°S‚RЅRѕSЋ RїRµRgR°RiRѕRiRёRЅRµSЋ. RЎRµSЂRµRg RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёS… RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRїS–RI RїRµRgR°RiRѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–S— R SѓSЃRѕRIRѕS—: RiSѓRјR°RЅS–R·Rј, RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёR·Rј, RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, RїSЂRёSЂRѕRgRѕRIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRѕRIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚S–SЃRЅRѕ RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RїS–RgS…S–Rg, SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅR° RѕR±SѓRјRѕRIR»RµRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RIRёS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R° R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕR»SЋRgSЃSЊRyeS– S†S–RЅRЅRѕSЃS‚S–.

 

R›SЋRgRјRёR»R° RЎS‚R°SЂRёS†SЊRyeR°-R§RµSЂRЅSЏS…S–RISЃSЊRyeR° (1868 – 1941) – RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёS†SЏ S‚R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeR° RgS–SЏS‡RyeR°. RЈ SЂRѕRyeRё RџRµSЂS€RѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё R±SЂR°R»R° R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅSѓ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ SЂRѕR±RѕS‚S– RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ RgR»SЏ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRј-SѓS‚S–RyeR°S‡R°Rј, RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»R° SЃRµSЃS‚SЂRѕSЋ RјRёR»RѕSЃRµSЂRgSЏ Sѓ S€RїRёS‚R°R»S– RgR»SЏ RїRѕSЂR°RЅRµRЅRёS….

RџS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ S—S— RѕR±SЂR°R»Rё RgRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё. R‘SѓR»R° S‡R»RµRЅRyeRёRЅRµSЋ RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R°RyeR°RgRµRјS–S— RЅR°SѓRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R‡S— R·R°R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё R·R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeSѓ RїRѕR·RёS†S–SЋ.

 

RњS–R»RµRЅR° R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeR° (1892 – 1976) – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕ-RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅR° RgS–SЏS‡RyeR°, R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RyeR°, RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёS†SЏ, SѓS‡RёS‚RµR»SЊRyeR° SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–S… S€RyeS–R». R’RѕRЅR° RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°R»R° RЅR° R’RёS‰RёS… RџRµRgR°RiRѕRiS–S‡RЅRёS… RљSѓSЂSЃR°S…, R±SѓR»R° RѕRgRЅS–S”SЋ R· S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiRёRЅSЊ R¶S–RЅRѕS‡RѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S‚R° RѕRgRЅS–S”SЋ R· R№RѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёS… RgS–SЏS‡RѕRye.

R“RѕR»RѕRIR° S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SѓRїSЂR°RIRё RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕRye, RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R¶S–RЅRѕS‡RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RI RЎS‚R°RЅRёSЃR»R°RIRѕRIS–, RЎRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕRiRѕ RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕRye, RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— R¶S–RЅRѕS‡RѕS— RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— "R”SЂSѓR¶RёRЅR° RљRЅSЏRiRёRЅS– RћR»SЊRiRё"; SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂRyeR° RgRIRѕS‚RёR¶RЅRµRIRёRyeR° "R–S–RЅRyeR°" (1935—1939); SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёS†SЏ S– SЂRµRїSЂRµR·RµRЅS‚R°RЅS‚RyeR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R¶S–RЅRѕS†S‚RIR° RЅR° RјS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… R¶S–RЅRѕS‡RёS… R·S—R·RgR°S….

 

RћR»RµRЅR° RљR°R·RёRјRёSЂS‡R°Rye-RџRѕR»RѕRЅSЃSЊRyeR° (1902 – 1992) – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° R°SЃS‚SЂRѕRЅRѕRјRёRЅSЏ. R’RёRyeR»R°RgR°R»R° RјR°S‚RµRјR°S‚RёRyeSѓ R№ R°SЃS‚SЂRѕRЅRѕRјS–SЋ RI RGRµSЂSЃRѕRЅS–, RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°R»R° RI R›RµRЅS–RЅRiSЂR°RgS–, R±SѓR»R° RgRѕS†RµRЅS‚RyeRѕSЋ RyeR°S„RµRgSЂRё RIRёS‰RѕS— RјR°S‚RµRјR°S‚RёRyeRё RI RћRgRµSЃS–. RЎS‚R°R»R° S‡R»RµRЅRyeRёRЅRµSЋ RњS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R°SЃS‚SЂRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRѕSЋR·Sѓ.

R‘SЂR°R»R° R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅSѓ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RI RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— S‚R° RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅS– RISЃRµSЃRѕSЋR·RЅRёS… S– RјS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… R°SЃS‚SЂRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRёS… SЃRµRјS–RЅR°SЂS–RI S‚R° SЃRёRјRїRѕR·S–SѓRјS–RI. RџRѕS‡RµSЃRЅR° S‡R»RµRЅRyeRёRЅSЏ R’SЃRµSЃRѕSЋR·RЅRѕRiRѕ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIR° SЃR»S–RїRёS… (R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°, R±SЂR°R»R° SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RIRёRgR°RЅRЅS– RїSЂR°S†SЊ R· RIRёS‰RѕS— RјR°S‚RµRјR°S‚RёRyeRё S‚R° RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S€SЂRёS„S‚RѕRј R‘SЂR°R№R»SЏ).

 

R“R°R»RёRЅR° RњR°R·RµRїR°-RљRѕRIR°R»SЊ (1910 – 1995) – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° S– RIRµRЅRµSЃSѓRµR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅRёS†SЏ, S–R»SЋSЃS‚SЂR°S‚RѕSЂRyeR°. RGRѕS‡R° R±S–R»SЊS€R° S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° S—S— S‚RIRѕSЂS‡RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅR° R· RgR°R»RµRyeRѕSЋ R’RµRЅRµSЃSѓRµR»RѕSЋ, SЏRyeR° RIRёRјSѓS€RµRЅRѕ SЃS‚R°R»R° "RgSЂSѓRiRѕSЋ R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRѕSЋ" RgR»SЏ S…SѓRgRѕR¶RЅRёS†S–. RўR° RIRѕRЅR° R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°R»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RI R»RёSЃS‚R°S… S‚R° RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅR°S… RISЃRµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ.

 

RЎRѕR»RѕRјS–SЏ RџR°RIR»RёS‡RyeRѕ (1958 -1999) – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° S„RµRјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeR° S‚RµRѕSЂRµS‚RёRyeRёRЅSЏ, RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёS†SЏ, R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRѕR·RЅR°RIRёS†SЏ, RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgR°S‡RyeR°, RїSѓR±R»S–S†RёSЃS‚RyeR°, R—R°SЃRЅSѓRIR°R»R° RIRёRgR°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕS— RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRѕS— R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRё "RћSЃRЅRѕRIRё".

R’RѕRЅR° R±SѓR»R° RgRѕRyeS‚RѕSЂRyeRѕSЋ S„S–R»RѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRёS… RЅR°SѓRye, RgRѕS†RµRЅS‚RyeRѕSЋ S‚R° RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂRyeRѕSЋ RљRёS”RIRѕ-RњRѕRiRёR»SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°RyeR°RgRµRјS–S—, S‡R»RµRЅRyeRёRЅRµSЋ RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЃRїS–R»RyeRё RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeS–RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S‚R° RђSЃRѕS†S–R°S†S–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeS–RI.

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R“SЂRѕRјRµRЅRyeRѕ: R•RїS–RgRµRјS–SЏ S‚R° RyeRѕSЂSѓRїS†S–SЏ vЂ“ RIRёR±SѓS…RѕRЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅR° SЃSѓRјS–S€!

RЈR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1829 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RЎRµRIR°SЃS‚RѕRїRѕR»S– R±SѓRI RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRёR№ RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S‡SѓRјRё, SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ R±SѓR»Rё RїS–RgRgR°RЅS– SѓSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚RµR»S– R±RµR· SЂRѕR·R±RѕSЂSѓ. R’RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅSѓ RЅR°SЃS‚R°RI RiRѕR»RѕRg, RїRёS€RЅRѕ SЂRѕR·S†RIS–R»Rё SЃRїRµRyeSѓR»SЏS†S–SЏ, R·R»RѕRIR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S„R»RѕS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… S–RЅS‚RµRЅRgR°RЅS‚S–RI S– RyeRѕSЂSѓRїS†S–SЏ Sѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰S– S‡RёRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeS–RI.

R®SЂS–R№ RњRёS‚SЂRѕS„R°RЅRµRЅRyeRѕ: R“RѕS‚SѓR№ RЅRѕRIRёS… R±RѕSЂS†S–RI, RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ RЇSЂRµ!

RЎR°RјRµ S‚R°RyeRёRјRё R±SѓR»Rё RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– SЃR»RѕRIR° R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°RyeR° vЂ“ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ. R¦S– S‚RµSЂRµRЅRё, S‡RёRјRѕSЃSЊ RїRѕRgS–R±RЅS– RgRѕ RљR°SЂRїR°S‚, R±SѓR»Rё V«RЅRµRїRѕS…RёS‚RЅRёRј S‚R° RЅRµRIR±R»R°RiR°RЅRЅRёRј RIRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRјV» RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS–RI RѕRїRѕSЂSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RѕRyeSѓRїR°RЅS‚R°Rј.
R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°Rye R·R°RiRёRЅSѓRI Sѓ R±RѕSЋ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RЅR° S…SѓS‚RѕSЂS– RљSЂRµSЃRµR»SЊS†S–, RЅRµRїRѕRgR°R»S–Rye RIS–Rg RњRѕS‚SЂRѕRЅRёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRѕRЅR°SЃS‚RёSЂSЏ. R”RѕRЅRµRgR°RIRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕS— RgR°S‚Rё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R±RѕSЋ.

RњR°RyeSЃRёRј RњRёSЂRѕRIRёS‡: R’SЃSЏ RїSЂR°RIRgR° RїSЂRѕ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIRµSЃS–R»R»SЏ

R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S…S‚Rѕ RgRѕ SЃRёS… RїS–SЂ R·RiR°RgSѓS” S†S– RIRµSЃS–R»R»SЏ SЏRye "RgRѕR±SЂS– S– SЃR»R°RIRЅS– SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–S—", R° SЏ R±R°S‡Sѓ RI RЅRёS… RISЃRµ R¶ S‚Sѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ R±SЋSЂRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–SЋ R· S—S— R±RµR·RgSѓS€RЅS–SЃS‚SЋ S– R±R°R№RgSѓR¶RёRј SЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј RgRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚RѕSЃS‚S–. R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIRµSЃS–R»R»SЏ R±SѓR»Rё SЏRye RgRIS– RyeSЂR°RїR»S– RIRѕRgRё SЃS…RѕR¶S– RѕRgRёRЅ RЅR° RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ, R° RЅR°SЂRµS‡RµRЅS– S‚R° S—S… SЂRѕRgRёS‡S– S‚RµSЂRїS–R»Rё RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— S‚R°RyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃSѓ R±RµR·R»S–S‡ RgSЂS–R±RЅRёS… RїSЂRёRЅRёR¶RµRЅSЊ.

RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ R SѓRyeRyeR°SЃ: V«RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°RјV» vЂ“ 102 SЂRѕRyeRё!

12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R»SѓRЅR°R»R° RјRѕRiSѓS‚RЅSЏ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!". RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RI R—R±SЂRѕR№RЅRёS… RЎRёR»R°S… RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµR№RЅSЏRI SЃS‚R°SЂRёS… R±RѕR№RѕRIRёS… S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№. RќRµRјR°S” Sѓ RЅR°SЃ RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅS–S… "RЎS–SЂRёS…" S‡Rё "RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI". R— SЏRyeRѕS— RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRё vЂ“ RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ. RњRѕR¶Rµ RyeRѕR»S–SЂ RЅRµ RїRѕRgRѕR±R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RјRѕR¶Rµ R¶SѓRїR°RЅRё RїRѕSЃRјS–S€RyeSѓ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ, R° RјRѕR¶Rµ S–S‰Rµ S‰RѕSЃSЊvЂ¦ RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RIRѕRЅRё R·R°SЃR»SѓR¶RёR»Rё RЅR° RЅR°S€Sѓ RїRѕS€R°RЅSѓ.
RўRѕR¶ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!"