"RўSЂRёS‡S– S…SЂRµS‰RµRЅRёR№". RЎR°S‚RёSЂR° SЏRye RgR·RµSЂRyeR°R»Rѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI Sѓ RџRќR 

RўRёRј, S…S‚Rѕ R»SЋR±RёS‚SЊ RїRѕRЅRёS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, SЏRye RЅRµRyeRѕRјS„RѕSЂS‚RЅRѕ R¶RёS‚Rё RI SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅS–R№ "RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS–R№" (RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЅS–) RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, RgRѕSЂRµS‡RЅRѕ RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёS‚RёSЃSЏ R· RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»R°RјRё RїSЂRѕ RЅRµRgR°RIRЅS” RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ.

RўRёRј, S…S‚Rѕ R»SЋR±RёS‚SЊ RїRѕRЅRёS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, SЏRye RЅRµRyeRѕRјS„RѕSЂS‚RЅRѕ R¶RёS‚Rё RI SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅS–R№ "RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS–R№" (RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЅS–) RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, RgRѕSЂRµS‡RЅRѕ RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёS‚RёSЃSЏ R· RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»R°RјRё RїSЂRѕ RЅRµRgR°RIRЅS” RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ.

RќR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, R· RїS–RgS€RёRIRyeRѕSЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃSѓ RI RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– "RќR°S€Rµ SЃR»RѕRIRѕ", R±R»R°RiRѕ RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– RјRёRЅSѓR»RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ S—S— RIRёRyeR»R°R»Rё Sѓ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚RёR№ RgRѕSЃS‚SѓRї.

RќR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, R· RѕS†RёRј S„RµR№R»RµS‚RѕRЅRѕRј, SЏRyeRёR№ RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»Rё Sѓ v„–1 RiR°R·RµS‚Rё R·R° 1962 SЂS–Rye.

 

R¤RµR№R»RµS‚RѕRЅ — RЅR° S‚Rµ R№ S„RµR№R»RµS‚RѕRЅ, S‰RѕR±Rё R·RјSѓSЃRёS‚Rё S‡RёS‚R°S‡S–RI SѓSЃRјS–S…RЅSѓS‚RёSЃSЏ, S‚RѕRјSѓ RЅRµ RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RµRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ R°RIS‚RѕSЂ "RiS–RїRµSЂR±RѕR»S–R·SѓRIR°RI RgR»SЏ RgRѕS…S–RgR»RёRIRѕSЃS‚S–". RђR»Rµ RIRIR°R¶R°S‚RёRјRµRјRѕ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RїRёSЃR°RI RїSЂRѕ SЂRµR°R»SЊRЅSѓ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ S– RЅR° RїS–RgSЃS‚R°RIS– SЂRµR°R»SЊRЅRёS… RїRѕRgS–R№. RћS‚RѕR¶, RїSЂRѕ S‰Rѕ SЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRЅRЅS–R№ S‡RёS‚R°S‡ RјRѕR¶Rµ RgS–R·RЅR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S†RёS… RgRIRѕS… RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRѕRye 50+ SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїRѕS‚RѕRјSѓ?

- RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS– R»SЋRgRё, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R·R° RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ, SЃS‚R°SЂR°RЅRЅRѕ RјS–RјS–RyeSЂSѓSЋS‚SЊ RїS–Rg RЅR°RIRyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS” RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRјRѕRIRЅRµ S– RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRµ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰Rµ. R† RIRѕRЅRё RgRѕS‚SЂRёRјSѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S— RЅR°SЃS‚S–R»SЊRyeRё SЂRµS‚RµR»SЊRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ R·R° S‡R°SЃ S‚SЂRёRIR°R»RѕRiRѕ SЃRїS–R»RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ R· RѕR±RѕS… R¶RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R·Sѓ RЅRµ RїSЂRѕRyeRѕR»RѕRISЃSЏ;

- RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RѕR±RѕS” RiRµSЂRѕS—RI RIRёSЂR°R·RЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµR№RјR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ SЃRIRѕS”SЋ S–RЅR°RyeS€S–SЃS‚SЋ S– SЃRїSЂRёR№RјR°SЋS‚SЊ S—S— RјR°R»Rѕ RЅRµ SЏRye RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅSѓ, S‰Rѕ RgRёSЃRyeSЂRµRgRёS‚SѓS” S—S… RI RѕS‡R°S… SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR·RјRѕRIRЅRёRyeR°;

- RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RѕR±RѕS” RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёR»RёSЃSЏ RgRµSЃSЊ RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1940-S…. RќR°RIS–S‚SЊ SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RїSЂRёRїSѓSЃS‚RёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ R±SѓSЂRµRјRЅS– SЃRѕSЂRѕRyeRѕRIS– SЃRyeR»R°R»RёSЃSЏ RgR»SЏ RЅRёS… SЏRyeRЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ R· SѓSЃS–S… RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёS… RIR°SЂS–R°RЅS‚S–RI — RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RЅR°RїR°RgR°RI RЅR° S—S…RЅS– SЃRµR»R°, RЅRµ RїR°R»RёRI R±SѓRgRёRЅRyeRё, R° RISЃS– SЂRѕRgRёS‡S– RїRµSЂRµR¶RёR»Rё RЅRµRїSЂRѕSЃS‚S– S‡R°SЃRё RI RgRѕR±SЂRѕRјSѓ R·RgRѕSЂRѕRIS— — S‚Rѕ RI R±SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ SЂR°R·S– RgR°R»S– RЅR° RЅRёS… S‡RµRyeR°RI 1947 SЂS–Rye.

RўR°Rye, "R’S–SЃR»R°". RўR°Rye, RgRIS– RiRѕRgRёRЅRё RЅR° R·R±RѕSЂRё — S– RgRѕRIRiR° RgRѕSЂRѕRiR° RЅR° RЅRѕRIRµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ, RI S‡SѓR¶Rµ, R·R°RIS–RgRѕRјRѕ RЅRµRgRѕR±SЂRѕR·RёS‡R»RёRIRµ RѕS‚RѕS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ, SЏRyeRµ S‰Rµ R№ RїS–RgS–RiSЂS–RIR°S‚RёRјRµ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅR° RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR° RїSЂRѕ "R±R°RЅRgRµSЂS–RIS†S–RI". RЇRyeS– S‚SЂR°RIRјRё RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rё S†S– RїRµSЂRµRјS–RЅRё Sѓ RgS–S‚RµR№ (5-7 SЂRѕRyeS–RI — S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ RIS–Rye, RyeRѕR»Rё RїRѕRgS–S— SЃRїSЂRёR№RјR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ SѓSЃRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRѕ S– RgSѓR¶Rµ SЏSЃRyeSЂR°RIRѕ), S– SЏRyeRёS… RgSЂR°RyeRѕRЅS–RI S—Rј RїRѕS‚S–Rј RgRѕRIRµR»RѕSЃSЏ RIR±RёRIR°S‚Rё RI SЃRѕR±S–, R·R°R»RёS€R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° RyeR°RgSЂRѕRј.

 

R¤RµR№R»RµS‚RѕRЅ, S–RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕ, R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°RI S‡RёS‚R°S‡S–RI RЅRµ SЃRѕSЂRѕRјRёS‚RёSЃSЏ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃS‚RIR°, S‰RѕR± RЅRµ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїR»SЏS‚Rё RI S‚R°RyeS– RgSѓSЂRЅS– SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S—, R°R»Rµ RЅR°RIS‡RµRЅS– RiS–SЂRyeRёRј RgRѕSЃRIS–RgRѕRј R·R°RyeRµSЂR·RѕRЅS†S– RIRѕR»S–R»Rё SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё RїRѕ-SЃRIRѕS”RјSѓ. RљRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–SЏ — RЅR°S€Rµ RISЃRµ. RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RgRёRIRёS‚RёRјRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° S‚RµR±Rµ, SЏRye RЅR° RјR°R»Rµ RїRёRIRѕ, RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ R±SѓSЂRyeRЅRµ SЂRѕR·RgSЂR°S‚RѕRIR°RЅRѕ: "R§SѓS”S€, R° S‚Rё S‡R°SЃRѕRј RЅRµ R±R°RЅRgRµSЂS–RIRµS†SЊ?".

Rђ RѕRїRёSЃR°RЅR° Sѓ S„RµR№R»RµS‚RѕRЅS– SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЏ SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RyeSѓRјRµRgRЅR°. RўS–R»SЊRyeRё SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RїR°RјSЏS‚R°S”S€, S‰ó RgRѕRIRµR»RѕSЃSЏ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёS‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRј RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RI SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ, SЃRјS–SЏS‚RёSЃSЏ S‡RѕRјSѓSЃSЊ RiRµS‚SЊ RЅRµ S…RѕS‡RµS‚SЊSЃSЏ.

P. S. RќR°SЂRёSЃ R·R°RgSѓRјSѓRIR°RISЃSЏ S‰Rµ RgRѕ R·R°RiRёR±RµR»S– RџR°RIR»R° RђRgR°RјRѕRIRёS‡R° [RјRµSЂR° R“RgR°RЅSЃSЊRyeR°, RЅR° SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃRyeRѕS—R»Rё RЅR°RїR°Rg RїSЂSЏRјRѕ RЅR° RyeRѕRЅS†RµSЂS‚S– 13 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 2019 SЂRѕRyeSѓ — R†Rџ], R°R»Rµ R·RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, R·R°SЂR°R· SЃR°RјRµ S‡R°SЃ R№RѕRiRѕ RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°S‚Rё.

RўRѕRјSѓ S‰Rѕ RїRѕR±SѓS‚RѕRIRµ SѓRїRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRµRЅS€RёRЅRё RI RџRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅS–R№ R RµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–S†S–, "R°RЅS‚RёR±R°RЅRgRµSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeS–" R·R°RyeRѕRЅRё RI SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅS–R№ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–, RЅRёR·RyeR° RЅR°RїR°RgS–RI RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI S– R°RiSЂRµSЃRёRIRЅR° RµRyeR·R°R»SЊS‚RѕRIR°RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIR° — S†Rµ R»R°RЅRyeRё RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R»R°RЅS†SЋRiR°. R† S…S‚RѕR·RЅR°, SЏRyeS– RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅS– R· S†RёRј RyeR°S‚R°RyeR»S–R·RјRё S‡RµRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ RЅR°SЃ Sѓ RЅRµRgR°R»RµRyeRѕRјSѓ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ.

RўR°SЂR°SЃ R“SЂRёRISѓR»: "R”RёRIS–R·S–R№RЅRёRyeRё". RџRµSЂRµRїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RїRѕS‡RµSЃRЅRёR№ RµSЃRyeRѕSЂS‚ RЅR° R›SЊRIS–RIS‰RёRЅS–. R§RµSЂRµR· S‰Rѕ SЃRyeR°RЅRgR°R»?

RЎSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RIS‡RµSЂRiRѕRIRµ RїS–RgRЅSЏR»R°SЃSЏ S‚RµRјR° RЅR°RIRyeRѕR»Rѕ RїRµSЂRµRїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R±S–R№S†S–RI RgRёRIS–R·S–S— V«R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅR°V» 28 R»RёRїRЅSЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R’RёSЏRIRёR»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ Sѓ R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS…, RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїSЂRёS‚RѕRјRЅRёS… RgRѕRїRёSЃSѓRIR°S‡S–RI, SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅSЏ S†S–S”S— SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S— vЂ“ RЅR° SЂS–RIRЅS– RISѓR»RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RѕR±RiRѕRIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ. RўRѕRјSѓ RIRёSЂS–S€RёRI RїRѕRgS–R»RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RIR»R°SЃRЅRёRјRё RgSѓRјRyeR°RјRё.

R’R°S…S‚R°RЅRi RљS–RїS–R°RЅS–: "RЎRїSЂR°RIR° R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ RЎS‚SѓSЃR°". RљRЅRёRiR° RїSЂRѕ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiSѓ RgSѓS…Sѓ RЅR°Rg RљR“R‘

R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ RЎS‚SѓSЃ RЅRµ R·RјS–Ri RїRѕR±SѓRIR°S‚Rё RЅR° RїSЂRµR·RµRЅS‚R°S†S–S— R¶RѕRgRЅRѕS— R·S– SЃRIRѕS—S… RyeRЅRёRi. R‘Rѕ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R№RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ RgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°R»Rё S– R·R±S–SЂRyeRё RIS–SЂS€S–RI S…RѕRgRёR»Rё RїRѕ SЂSѓRyeR°S… Sѓ SЃR°RјRIRёRgR°RIS–, R° RIRёRgR°RIR°R»Rё S—S… Sѓ R»RёS€Rµ R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј. RЈS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ SЂSѓSЃS– RЅRµR·RiS–RgRЅRёS… R· R°RЅS‚RёSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRѕSЋ RgRIS–S‡S– RїSЂRёRIRѕRgRёR»R° RїRѕRµS‚R° RЅR° R»R°RISѓ RїS–RgSЃSѓRgRЅRёS…. RћR±RёRgRIR° SЂR°R·Rё R·R° SЃS‚R°S‚S‚RµSЋ "R°RЅS‚RёSЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° R°RiS–S‚R°S†S–SЏ S– RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR°". RњR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё, SЏRyeS– RgRѕRЅRµRgR°RIRЅR° R±SѓR»Rё R±SѓR»Rё RїSЂRёS…RѕRIR°RЅRёRјRё Sѓ R°SЂS…S–RIS– RљR“R‘ S‚RµRїRµSЂ RgRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRЅS–. R† RIRёRgR°RЅS– RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕSЋ RyeRЅRёRiRѕSЋ.

RћSЃS‚R°Rї RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ: RњR°S‚SЋRyeRё RЅRµ SЂRѕR±R»SЏS‚SЊ R· S‚RµR±Rµ RјRѕSЃRyeR°R»SЏ. R§Rё SЂRѕR±R»SЏS‚SЊ?

RЎR»RѕRIR° "*R±R°S‚Rё", "RїRё*RgR°" S‚R° "R±R»*RgSЊ" S„S–RyeSЃSѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ SЏRye RЅRѕSЂRјR°S‚RёRIRЅS– S„RѕSЂRјRё RIS–Rg R±RµSЂRµSЃS‚SЏRЅRёS… RiSЂR°RјRѕS‚ RGR†R† SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ RgRѕ RgRµSЏRyeRёS… SЃRµSЂR№RѕR·RЅRёS… R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅRёS… RїR°RјSЏS‚RѕRye , R° RISЃS– RIRѕRЅRё SЂR°R·RѕRј S–R· "S…*S”Rј" RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS– S‰RѕRЅR°R№RјRµRЅS€Rµ Sѓ RЅR°RgRgRЅS–RїSЂSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S„RѕR»SЊRyeR»RѕSЂS– S‚R° R·R°S„S–RyeSЃRѕRIR°RЅS– S‰Rµ Sѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R—S–RЅS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ: RЇRye RGSЂSѓS‰RѕRI SѓR±RёRI R”RѕRЅS†SЏ. R† RїRѕS‚S–Rј R·R±SЂRµS…R°RI

V«R—R°R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ, RyeRµSЂSѓSЋS‡RёSЃSЊ S‚RёRјRё RјRѕS‚RёRIR°RјRё, S‰Rѕ, RјRѕRIR»SЏRI, RЅS–RјS†S– R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS–, R°RЅS‚RёSЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RїRѕRiR»SЏRgRё S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ R·R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RљRёS”RIR° RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ R№RѕRiRѕ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°S‚Rё. R©RѕR± RЅRµ RgR°RIR°S‚Rё RIRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ S‚R°RyeRѕS— RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕSЃS‚S–, R№RѕRiRѕ S– R·R°R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё, S– RЅRµR·R°R±R°SЂRѕRј RIS–RЅvЂ¦ RїRѕRјRµSЂV». RGSЂSѓS‰RѕRI R·R±SЂRµS…R°RI.