RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R“S–SЂS–Rye: RiR°SЃR»R° RЈRќR  RЅR°RiR°RgSѓRIR°R»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeS–

R†RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ R· RyeR°RЅRgRёRgR°S‚RѕRј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RЅR°SѓRye, RIS‡RµRЅRёRј SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRµRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЃRѕS†S–R°S†S–S— SЋRgR°S—RyeRё RЎRµSЂRiS–S”Rј R“S–SЂS–RyeRѕRј

R’R»R°SЃRЅRёRye S„RѕS‚Rѕ: RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° R°SЃRѕS†S–R°S†S–SЏ SЋRgR°S—RyeRё

- RЎRµSЂRiS–SЋ, RѕR±SЂR°R· "R¶RёRgR°-R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°" S” R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRIS–RgRѕRјRёRј. Rђ RЅR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕS‚SѓR¶RЅRёRјRё RїSЂRѕRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– SЃRёRјRїR°S‚S–S— RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRќR ? R›S–RIS– S–RgRµS— R·RЅR°S…RѕRgRёR»Rё RIS–RgRiSѓRye SЃRµSЂRµRg RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI?

- R‘RµR·SѓRјRѕRIRЅRѕ. RGRѕS‡R° Sѓ S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RIRёRїR°RgRyeSѓ "R»S–RIS–" RЅRµ RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°S” "R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeS–". R”RѕSЃRёS‚SЊ SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S†S–R»RyeRѕRј R»S–RIR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏ SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI-SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂS–RI (RЈRџRЎR ) RјR°R»R° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RI R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅS–R№ R R°RgS–.

R©RѕRїSЂR°RIRgR°, S—S— RїRѕR·RёS†S–SЏ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRµSЂRµRIRѕSЂRѕS‚Sѓ RџR°RIR»R° RЎRyeRѕSЂRѕRїR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRёR·RIRµR»R° RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ R·RЅR°S‡RЅR° S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RјR°SЃ RїRµSЂRµSЃS‚R°R»R° RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°S‚Rё S–RgRµSЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R·R° R±SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeSѓ S†S–RЅSѓ.

RЎRµR»SЏRЅ R·RјSѓS€SѓRIR°R»Rё R·RЅR°S‡RЅSѓ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅSѓ RISЂRѕR¶R°SЋ RIS–RgRgR°RIR°S‚Rё SЏRye RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRёR±SѓS†S–SЋ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅRё. R¦Rµ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rѕ RЅRµ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅRµRIRgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ, R° R№ RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅS– RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, SЏRyeS– R¶RѕSЂSЃS‚RѕRyeRѕ RїSЂRёRgSѓS€SѓRIR°RI RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂRµR¶RёRј.

R¦Rµ R·RgRѕR±SЂSЋRIR°R»Rѕ T‘SЂSѓRЅS‚ RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— R°RiS–S‚R°S†S–S—. RђR»Rµ RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕS—. RџSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RIRµSЃSЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ SЂSѓS… RЅR° RќR°RgRgRЅS–RїSЂSЏRЅS‰RёRЅS– RЅR° S‚RѕR№ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚ R±SѓRI R»S–RIRёRј, R° RiR°SЃR»R° RЈRќR  - R±R»RёR·SЊRyeS– RgRѕ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёS….

RћSЂRiR°RЅ R¦Rљ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃRѕS†S–R°R»-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— (RЈRЎR”R Rџ) - RїR°SЂS‚S–S— RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё S– R’RёRЅRЅRёS‡RµRЅRyeR° - R·RѕRISЃS–Rј RЅRµ RIRёRїR°RgRyeRѕRIRѕ RЅR°R·RёRIR°RISЃSЏ "R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RiR°R·RµS‚R°". R›S–RgRµSЂRё S†S–S”S— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— (RgSЂSѓRiRѕS— R·R° RIRїR»RёRIRѕRј RI RЈRќR ), S– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё R±SѓR»Rё RјR°SЂRyeSЃRёSЃS‚R°RјRё.

R”RёSЂRµRyeS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RIS–RgSЂR°R·Sѓ R·R°SЏRIRёR»R°, S‰Rѕ RIR»R°RgR° Sѓ SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–S†S– RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅR° RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚Rё S‚SЂSѓRgRѕRIRёRј RyeR»R°SЃR°Rј, R±SѓSЂR¶SѓR°R·S–SЋ RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅRѕ RїRѕR·R±R°RIRёS‚Rё RIRёR±RѕSЂS‡RёS… RїSЂR°RI, R° RЅR° RјS–SЃS†SЏS… RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅS– RyeRµSЂSѓRIR°S‚Rё RўSЂSѓRgRѕRIS– RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃRё, SЃS„RѕSЂRјRѕRIR°RЅS– R·R° RyeRIRѕS‚RЅRёRј RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRїRѕRј R· SЃRµR»SЏRЅ, SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI S– "S‚SЂSѓRgRѕRIRѕS— S–RЅS‚RµR»S–RiRµRЅS†S–S—". R’SЃRµ S†Rµ RgSѓR¶Rµ RЅR°RiR°RgSѓRIR°R»Rѕ S–RgRµS— R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI.

RЈ S†RµR№ S‡R°SЃ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR» RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№, SЏRyeS– RI R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– SЃRIRѕS—R№ S– S‚R°Rye RgRѕS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚R°S†S–S—. R— RЈRџRЎR  RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕ RIRёRgS–R»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R»S–RIRµ RyeSЂRёR»Rѕ –R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚Rё. RЈ R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– 1919-RiRѕ RIRѕRЅRё RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅRѕRISѓSЋS‚SЊ SЃRIRѕSЋ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅSѓ RїR°SЂS‚S–S— RI RЈRџRЎR  (RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI), R° Sѓ S‚SЂR°RIRЅS– S‚RѕRiRѕ R¶ SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂSЋSЋS‚SЊ RyeRѕR°R»S–S†S–SЋ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё.

R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RiR°R·RµS‚R° - RѕSЂRiR°RЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃRѕS†S–R°R»-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S—
R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RiR°R·RµS‚R° - RѕSЂRiR°RЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃRѕS†S–R°R»-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S—

- RџSЂRёR±R»RёR·RЅRѕ RI S†RµR№ R¶Rµ S‡R°SЃ SЂRѕR·S‡R°SЂRѕRISѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RЈRќR  S– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRµ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ ... R’RёRЅRѕSЋ S‚RѕRјSѓ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјRё S‡Rё S‰RѕSЃSЊ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ?

- R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRµ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RIRёR¶RёS‚Rё. RЎRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ R· R”RёSЂRµRyeS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ R±SѓR»Rѕ RgRѕR»RµSЋ RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№, SЏRyeS– RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ S– R· RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRј RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјS–RI.

RђR»Rµ R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ S”RISЂRµS—RI, RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RIS€RёSЃSЊ, S‰Rѕ RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЏS…, RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЊRѕRIR°RЅRёS… S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёRјRё, RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјRё R¶RѕSЂSЃS‚RyeRѕ RїSЂRёRїRёRЅSЏR»RёSЃSЏ - SЃRїSЂRёR№RЅSЏR»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI SЏRye RјRµRЅS€Rµ R·R»Rѕ. RџSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RIRѕRЅRё R·RѕRISЃS–Rј RЅRµ RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё RI R·R°S…RIR°S‚ RIS–Rg S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёS…, RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeR° SЏRyeRёS… RїS–RgSЂRёRIR°R»R° RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅSѓ RѕSЃRЅRѕRISѓ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RјS–SЃS‚RµS‡RѕRye.

RЇRye RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё "RgSЂS–R±RЅRѕS— R±SѓSЂR¶SѓR°R·S–S—" S‡RёRјR°R»Rѕ S”RISЂRµS—RI RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёR»Rё RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RїSЂR°RIR°. RђR»Rµ RїSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ S—S… RISЃRµ-S‚R°RyeRё RЅRµ RiSЂRѕRјRёR»Rё...

- R† RI S†RёS… SѓRјRѕRIR°S… RIRёRЅRёRyeR°S” R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeR° RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏ (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ)?

- R RѕR·S€R°SЂSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ Sѓ RISЃS–S… R»S–RIRёS… S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏS…. RќR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– 1918 SЂ. "RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ" RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRIR°S” RїRµSЂS€RёR№ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR». RќR° RїSЂR°RIRµ RyeSЂRёR»Rѕ, S‰Rѕ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° RЈRќR  S– RIS–RgR±SѓR»R° R· RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRѕSЋ RI RљR°RјSЏRЅRµS†SЊ-RџRѕRgS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№, S– R»S–RIRµ RyeSЂRёR»Rѕ, S‰Rѕ R·R°R»RёS€RёR»RѕSЃSЏ RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S—, R·R°R№RЅSЏS‚S–R№ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё.

RђR»Rµ S– R»S–RIS– RIR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1919 SЂ. SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»RѕR»RёSЃSЏ, RI SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚S– S‡RѕRiRѕ RIRёRgS–R»RёR»R°SЃSЏ R„RљRџ (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ).

R¦SЏ RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏ RѕS„RѕSЂRјRёR»R°SЃSЏ SЏRye RI RЈR RЎR , S‚R°Rye S– RI R R R¤RЎR  S– RI SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R‘S–R»RѕSЂSѓSЃS–. R’R»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RyeRѕR»Rё R· RїS–RIRgRЅSЏ RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїR°RI R”RµRЅS–RyeS–RЅ, R»S–RgRµSЂRё R„RљRџ (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ) RIS–RgSЃS‚SѓRїRёR»Rё R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё.

RЈ R“RѕRјRµR»S– RIRѕRЅRё RїSЂRѕRIRµR»Rё RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–SЋ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI "RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ", RgRµ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№RЅRѕ RѕS„RѕSЂRјRёR»Rё RЅRѕRISѓ RїR°SЂS‚S–SЋ. R¦Rљ RїR°SЂS‚S–S— RЅRµR·R°R±R°SЂRѕRј RїRµSЂRµS—S…R°RI RgRѕ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё. RўR°Rј R¶Rµ RїRѕS‡R°RI RIRёS…RѕRgRёS‚Rё RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅ R„RљRџ - SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјRѕRIRЅR° RiR°R·RµS‚R° "RќR°RyeR°RЅSѓRЅRµ".

- R¦Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ RЅRµR·RIRёS‡RЅRѕ - RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RgR»SЏ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI ...

- RЈ RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂS–R°S‚ R±SѓRI R°SЃRёRјS–R»SЊRѕRIR°RЅRёR№. RўRѕRјSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° RјRѕRIR° RЅRµ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°R»R° Sѓ R№RѕRiRѕ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰S– RЅRµRїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ. Rђ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЏ R±SѓR»R° S–RЅS€RѕSЋ.

RџR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅS– RiR°R·RµS‚Rё S‚SѓS‚ RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»Rё RЅR° S—RgRёS€, R° RЅRѕRјRµSЂRё, S‰Rѕ RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»Rё SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ, RјS–SЃS‚RёR»Rё RїRѕR·RЅR°S‡RyeSѓ: "R— S‚RµS…RЅS–S‡RЅRёS… RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅ". RђRiS–S‚R°S†S–SЏ - SЏRye RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, S‚R°Rye S– RI R‘S–R»RѕSЂSѓSЃS– - S‚RµR¶ R№S€R»R° SЂS–RgRЅRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕS— R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI - S—RgRёS€.

R§R»RµRЅRё R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ) R· RїRѕSЂS‚SЂRµS‚R°RјRё R‘RµSЂR° R‘RѕSЂRѕS…RѕRIR° S– R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° R›RµRЅS–RЅR°
R§R»RµRЅRё R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ) R· RїRѕSЂS‚SЂRµS‚R°RјRё R‘RµSЂR° R‘RѕSЂRѕS…RѕRIR° S– R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° R›RµRЅS–RЅR°

- R™RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕ, R„RљRџ R±SѓR»R° RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚RѕSЋ RgRѕ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RїR°SЂS‚S–S”SЋ?

- R’ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– S†Rµ RїSЂRѕSЏRIRёR»RѕSЃSЏ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј RI RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚R°S… R· R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚R°RјRё. RќR°RiR°RgR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ, SѓRIS–R№S€RѕRIS€Rё RI RyeRѕR°R»S–S†S–SЋ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё, R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚Rё RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё RI SѓSЂSЏRgS– RЈRЎR R  S‚SЂRё RїRѕSЂS‚S„RµR»SЏ - RЅR°SЂRyeRѕRјR° S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃS–RI, SЋSЃS‚RёS†S–S— S‚R° RѕSЃRIS–S‚Rё.

RџSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚Rё R±SѓR»Rё S”RgRёRЅRѕSЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RїR°SЂS‚S–S”SЋ, Sѓ SЏRyeS–R№ S”RISЂRµS— RIS–RgS–RiSЂR°RIR°R»Rё R·RЅR°S‡RЅSѓ SЂRѕR»SЊ. RўR°Rye, RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, S‡R»RµRЅRѕRј R¦Rљ S– S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRёRј RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeRѕRј RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiSѓR±RyeRѕRјSѓ R±SѓRI S”RISЂRµR№ RќR°SѓRј RљR°R»SЋR¶RЅRёR№ (RЁRµR№S‚RµR»SЊRјR°RЅ).

R‘RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚R°RјRё SЃRIRѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ R±SѓR»Rё RIRїR»RёRIRѕRIS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅS– RyeSЂRёS‚RёRyeRё R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RљRѕSЂSЏRye (R’RѕR»SЊRyeRѕ R‘R»SЋRјS€S‚RµR№RЅ) S– RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ RGRIRёR»SЏ (RћR»S–RЅS‚RµSЂ). RќR° RЅRёR·RѕRIRѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS– RIS–RgSЃRѕS‚RѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI S‚RµR¶ R±SѓRI RIRёSЃRѕRyeRёR№. R—R°R·RIRёS‡R°R№, S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅS– RIRёS…S–RgS†S– R· RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— S– R§RµSЂRЅS–RiS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–R№, SЏRyeS– R±SЂR°R»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅS–RјRё, SЏRyeS– RїRёSЃR°R»Rё S– RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїR°R»Rё RїRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRё.

R©Rѕ SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RјS–R¶RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS†S‚RIR°, S‚Rѕ RI S†RµR№ RїRµSЂS–RѕRg R»S–RgRµSЂRё R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°R»Rё RI RiSѓSЂS‚RyeR°S… "RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ" RїSЂRѕ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RЈRџRЎR  (Rye). Rђ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– R°RyeS‚RёRIS–SЃS‚Rё RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїR°R»Rё R· R»RµRyeS†S–SЏRјRё RI RyeR»SѓR±R°S… R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI. RђRЅRѕRЅSЃRё S†RёS… RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїS–RI RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ S– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїSЂS–R·RIRёS‰R° R»RµRyeS‚RѕSЂS–RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ - S‚R°Rye RЇRyeS–RI RЇS€RёRЅ R· "RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ" RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRёRISЃSЏ RI RЇRyeRѕRIR° RЇS€RyeRѕ.

RќR°R»R°RiRѕRgRёR»RѕSЃSЏ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R»RёSЃS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RјS–R¶ R¦Rљ RѕR±RѕS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№. R† R»RёSЃS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S†Rµ RIRµR»RѕSЃSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ, S…RѕS‡R° RЅR° SЂSЏRgS– R»RёSЃS‚S–RI S” RїRѕR·RЅR°S‡RyeR°: "RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°Rg R· S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ".

R¦S– SЃRёRјRїR°S‚S–S—, RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R· RѕRiR»SЏRgSѓ RЅR° S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅSѓ R±R»RёR·SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ, RЅRµ RIRёRїR°RgRyeRѕRIS–. R‘RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚Rё - S”RgRёRЅR° R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№ - R· SЃR°RјRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјRЅRѕS— S…RIRёR»S– R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°R»R° RgRѕ SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»Sѓ RЅR° RјS–SЃS†S– R±RµR· SЃSѓRgSѓ S– SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIR° RISЃS–S… RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјRЅRёRyeS–RI S– RIRёRyeSЂRёS‚RёS… RI RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјRЅS–R№ R°RiS–S‚R°S†S–S—. RўR°RyeRµ SЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјS–RI R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R±S–R»SЊS€ SЂR°RgRёRyeR°R»SЊRЅRёRј, RЅS–R¶ Sѓ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI.

R’RёR±RѕSЂS‡RёR№ R±SЋR»RµS‚RµRЅSЊ R· RїRµSЂRµR»S–RyeRѕRј RyeR°RЅRgRёRgR°S‚S–RI RIS–Rg RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ, R§RµSЂRЅS–RiS–RISЃSЊRyeR° RIRёR±RѕSЂS‡R° RѕRyeSЂSѓRiR°, 1917 SЂS–Rye
R’RёR±RѕSЂS‡RёR№ R±SЋR»RµS‚RµRЅSЊ R· RїRµSЂRµR»S–RyeRѕRј RyeR°RЅRgRёRgR°S‚S–RI RIS–Rg RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ, R§RµSЂRЅS–RiS–RISЃSЊRyeR° RIRёR±RѕSЂS‡R° RѕRyeSЂSѓRiR°, 1917 SЂS–Rye
R”RѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚ S–R· RyeRѕR»RµRyeS†S–S— RЎRµSЂRiS–SЏ R“S–SЂS–RyeR°

- R§RѕRјSѓ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё, SЏRye S– SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚Rё, R±SѓR»Rё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… R°SЂRјS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёS… S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ Sѓ RgRЅS– RЅR°R№SЃS‚SЂR°S€RЅS–S€RёS… RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјS–RI?

- RќR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅSѓ RIS–Rg R·R°RiRѕRЅS–RI SЃR°RјRѕRѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RI 1905 SЂRѕS†S–, RyeRѕR»Rё S”RISЂRµS—RI RiSЂRѕRјRёR»Rё R±R°RЅRgRёS‚Rё R· SЃRѕRyeRёSЂR°RјRё S– RIRёR»R°RјRё, RI 1919 SЂRѕS†S– R°RЅS‚RёS”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRµ RЅR°SЃRёR»SЊSЃS‚RIRѕ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»Rѕ RIS–Rg SЂRµRiSѓR»SЏSЂRЅRёS… RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅ R°R±Rѕ RIRµR»RёRyeRёS… RїR°SЂS‚RёR·R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·S”RgRЅR°RЅSЊ. R’RѕRЅRё RјR°R»Rё RyeSѓR»RµRјRµS‚Rё S– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R»RµRiRyeSѓ R°SЂS‚RёR»RµSЂS–SЋ, RЅRµ RyeR°R¶SѓS‡Rё RIR¶Rµ RїSЂRѕ SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊRyeSѓ R·R±SЂRѕSЋ.

R’RёSЃS‚SѓRїR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЅRёS… R· SЂRµRIRѕR»SЊRIRµSЂR°RјRё R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃR°RјRѕRiSѓR±SЃS‚RIRѕRј. R¦Rµ RїSЂRёR·RIRµR»Rѕ R± RgRѕ S‰Rµ R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… R¶RµSЂS‚RI SЃRµSЂRµRg RјRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ. R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– R»S–RgRµSЂRё S†Rµ S†S–R»RyeRѕRј SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rё.

- RЈ SЂRµR·RѕR»SЋS†S–S— R“RѕRјRµR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RїS–RgRЅS–RјR°SЋS‚SЊ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ "RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRµ S–RiRЅRѕSЂSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ". RЇRye S†Rµ SЃRїSЂRёR№RЅSЏR»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё, RgR»SЏ SЏRyeRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏ R±SѓR»R° RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRїRѕRIRёRј S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRёRј RїSѓRЅRyeS‚RѕRј?

- RЈ R„RљRџ (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ) SЃR»S–RgRѕRј R·R° R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RїRѕRIS‚RѕSЂSЋRIR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ R·R° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅR° RgRёSЃRyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°S†S–SЏ RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIR°. RђR»Rµ, RѕSЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RIRѕRЅR° RISЃRµ-S‚R°RyeRё S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°R»R°, R·SЏRIRёRISЃSЏ S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅ "RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRµ S–RiRЅRѕSЂSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ", SЏRyeRёR№ RЅRµ SЃRїSЂRёR№RјR°RISЃSЏ SЏRye R°RЅS‚RёSЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° R°RiS–S‚R°S†S–SЏ.

R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RЅR°RїRѕR»SЏRiR°R»Rё RЅR° S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ Sѓ RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ S” SЃRIRѕS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS– RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±Rё, RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»Rё SЃRµR±Rµ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё S– R±R°S‡RёR»Rё RI R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚R°S… - SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°S… - RїSЂRёSЂRѕRgRЅRёS… SЃRѕSЋR·RЅRёRyeS–RI.

R’ RЈRџRЎR (Rye), SЏRyeSѓ RIR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1919 SЂ. RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RїR°SЂS‚S–SЋ (R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI) - RЈRљRџ(R±), RїRѕRgS–R±RЅRѕS— S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅRѕR»RѕRiS–S— S†SѓSЂR°R»RёSЃSЏ. RџRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeR° RїR°SЂS‚S–S— R±SѓR»R° SЃRїS–RIR·RISѓS‡RЅR° RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·RјSѓ. R—RIS–RgSЃRё, RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЏ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S—.

RђR±Rѕ RIRёRјRѕRiR° RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR° RI RѕSЂRiR°RЅR°S… RIR»R°RgRё S‚R°Rye R·RIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ SЃS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂS–R°S‚Sѓ RЅR°SЂS–RIRЅS– R· RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂS–R°S‚RѕRј RїSЂRѕRјRёSЃR»RѕRIRёRј. R¦Rµ RЅRµ RїSЂR°RIRѕRIR° RyeR°R·SѓS—SЃS‚RёRyeR°, R°RgR¶Rµ RїSЂRё SЂS–RIRЅRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIS– R±RµR·R·RµRјRµR»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRµR»SЏRЅSЃS‚RIR° RIS–RgSЃRѕS‚RѕRye RµS‚RЅS–S‡RЅRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RI R R°RgR°S… R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ R± R·SЂS–SЃ.

R‘RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚Rё RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rё RgRѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕS— SЂR°RgRё RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃS‚RIR° RЈRЎR R  RgR»SЏ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RISЃS–Rј RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃS‚RIRѕRј SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё, SЏRyeRёR№ R±Rё RyeRѕRѕSЂRgRёRЅSѓRIR°RI SЃRIRѕS— RgS–S— R· SЂR°RgRЅR°SЂRiRѕSЃRїRѕRј R R R¤RЎR , R°R»Rµ RЅRµ RїS–RgRyeRѕSЂSЏRISЃSЏ R± R№RѕRјSѓ. R’SЂRµS€S‚S–-SЂRµS€S‚ RIRѕRЅRё R±R°S‡RёR»Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ SЏRye SЂS–RIRЅRѕRїSЂR°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ S‡R»RµRЅR° RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕS— R’SЃRµSЃRIS–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— S„RµRgRµSЂR°S†S–S— SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–Rye S– RўSЂRµS‚SЊRѕRiRѕ R†RЅS‚RµSЂRЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»Sѓ - RїRѕSЂSЏRg R· R R R¤RЎR  S‚R° S–RЅS€RёRјRё SЃSѓRIRµSЂRµRЅRЅRёRјRё SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°RјRё.

R“R°R·RµS‚R° R‘RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±R° - RѕSЂRiR°RЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI-SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂS–RI
R“R°R·RµS‚R° R‘RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±R° - RѕSЂRiR°RЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI-SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂS–RI

- RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RI RљRѕRјS–RЅS‚RµSЂRЅ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚R°Rј SЏRye RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeR°Rј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RISЃS‚SѓRїRёS‚Rё RЅRµ RIRgR°R»RѕSЃSЏ ...

- RўR°Rye. R„RљRџ (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ) S‚RµR¶ RїRѕRgR°R»R° R·R°SЏRIRyeSѓ S– RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° RIS–RgRјRѕRISѓ. R©RѕRїSЂR°RIRgR°, RїR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— S„SЂR°RyeS†S–S— "RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ" RIR·SЏR»Rё RI RљRѕRјS–RЅS‚RµSЂRЅ SЏRye RљRѕRјRїR°SЂS‚S–SЋ RџR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅRё. R”Rѕ SЂRµS‡S–, S„RѕSЂRјR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ RїSЂR°RIRѕRЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS†RµSЋ S†S–S”S— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— S” RЅRёRЅS–S€RЅSЏ RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏ R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЋ.

- RGR°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ, RЅR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅSѓ RIS–Rg R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, R»S–RgRµSЂRё R„RљRџ RЅRµ RЅR°R·RёRIR°SЋS‚SЊ SЃS–RѕRЅS–R·Rј SЂRµR°RyeS†S–R№RЅRёRј RIS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј, R°R»Rµ RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓSЋS‚SЊ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёS‚Rё R·R°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RџR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅRё RїS–Rg RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЊ RўSЂRµS‚SЊRѕRiRѕ R†RЅS‚RµSЂRЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»Sѓ.

- RџRѕ-RїRµSЂS€Rµ, S‡R»RµRЅRё R„RљRџ (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ) RISЃRµ-S‚R°RyeRё R·R°R»RёS€R°R»RёSЃSЏ SЃS–RѕRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё, S…RѕS‡R° S– RIRyeSЂR°R№ R»S–RIRёRјRё. RЈ RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅS–R№ RїSЂRµSЃS– RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRѕ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё R· RїR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRј R°R»S–S— (RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRµ RїRѕRЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ SЃS–RѕRЅS–R·RјSѓ, SЏRyeRµ RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°S” SЂRµRїR°S‚SЂS–R°S†S–SЋ RgRѕ R†R·SЂR°S—R»SЋ – RїSЂRёRј. SЂRµRg.) S– S‚.Rg.

RЈ R„RљRџ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RIS–Rg SЂRµRїR°S‚SЂS–R°S†S–S— "S‚SѓS‚ S– R·R°SЂR°R·", RIRIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё, S‰Rѕ S—R№ RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅR° RїRµSЂRµRgSѓRIR°S‚Rё R°RiSЂR°SЂRёR·R°S†S–SЏ S”RISЂRµS—RI, SЏRyeR° RgRѕR·RIRѕR»RёS‚SЊ SЂRµRїR°S‚SЂS–R°RЅS‚R°Rј RIRyeR»SЋS‡RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RI RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–RyeSѓ RїS–RgRјR°RЅRgR°S‚RЅRѕS— RџR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅRё. RћRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃRЅRѕ R№S€R»Rё SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIRё RїSЂRѕ RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RI R†R·SЂR°S—R»S– R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёS… R»RµRiS–RѕRЅS–RI RgR»SЏ RїSЂRѕS‚RёSЃS‚RѕSЏRЅRЅSЏ R‘SЂRёS‚R°RЅS–S— - RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЏR№S‚Rµ S†Rµ R· S–RgRµS”SЋ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI RїSЂRѕ S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ SЃRIRѕS”S—, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S—.

RќR° RgSѓRјRyeSѓ S‡R»RµRЅS–RI R„RљRџ, S†Rµ S†S–R»RyeRѕRј SѓR¶RёRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ R· RјR°SЂRyeSЃRёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ S‚RµRѕSЂS–S”SЋ. R’RѕRЅRё R·R°RїRµRIRЅSЏR»Rё, S‰Rѕ RјS–SЃS†RµRIRµ R°SЂR°R±SЃSЊRyeRµ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ, SЏRye RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ R°RiSЂR°SЂRЅRµ, RЅRµ RјRѕR¶Rµ RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂRёR·SѓRIR°S‚RёSЃSЊ. RўRѕRјSѓ S”RISЂRµS— SЃS‚R°RЅSѓS‚SЊ S„RµSЂRјRµRЅS‚RѕRј, SЏRyeRёR№ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–RѕRЅS–R·SѓS” R°SЂR°R±SЃSЊRyeS– RјR°SЃRё S– RїS–RgRiRѕS‚SѓS” T‘SЂSѓRЅS‚ RgR»SЏ RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—.

RњS–R¶ S–RЅS€RёRј, R„RљRџ (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ) SЃS‚R°R»R° RїRµSЂS€RѕSЋ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RїR°SЂS‚S–S”SЋ, SЏRyeR° RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»R° RgRIRµSЂS– RgR»SЏ R°SЂR°R±S–RI. RќR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅSѓ RIS–Rg S–RЅS€RёS… SЃS–RѕRЅS–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№, RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ RI R„RљRџ R·R°R»RёS€R°RISЃSЏ S—RgRёS€. R SЏRg R°SЂR°R±SЃSЊRyeRёS… R°RyeS‚RёRIS–SЃS‚S–RI RIRѕR»RѕRgS–R»Rё S†S–S”SЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ, S–RЅRѕRgS– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїR°R»Rё S– RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»Rё SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S– RЅR° S—RgRёS€S–.

RђRЅR°R»RѕRiS–S‡RЅR° SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЏ SЃRyeR»R°R»R°SЃSЏ RI RЎRЁRђ, RyeRѕR»Rё R°RЅR°SЂS…S–SЃS‚Rё R°RЅRiR»RѕSЃR°RyeSЃRѕRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rё R·RјSѓS€RµRЅS– RIRёRIS‡RёS‚Rё S—RgRёS€, RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅRёR№ RgR»SЏ SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Rё RI S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅRёS… SЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚SѓSЂR°S….

RџSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RЅRµ RIS–RgRyeRёRgR°R»Rё S–RISЂRёS‚, RїR»R°RЅSѓSЋS‡Rё RїRµSЂRµR№S‚Rё RЅR° RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RI RgR°R»RµRyeRѕRјSѓ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ. R’ 1920-S‚S– SЂSЂ. RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅS– R±R»R°RЅRyeRё RI RџR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅS– R±SѓR»Rё RgRIRѕRјRѕRIRЅRёRјRё, R° RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– - S‚SЂRёRјRѕRIRЅRёRјRё - SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ, S–RgRёS€ S– SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ.

- RЎS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RљRѕRјRїR°SЂS‚S–S— RџR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅRё - SЃRїSЂR°RIR° SЂSѓRye RIRёS…S–RgS†S–RI R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅSЊ R„RљRџ (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ)?

- R—RЅR°S‡RЅRѕSЋ RјS–SЂRѕSЋ. RћRgRЅRёRј R· R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI RџR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRјRїR°SЂS‚S–S— R±SѓRI R’RѕR»SЊS„ RђRIRµSЂR±SѓS…, SЏRyeRёR№ RѕS‡RѕR»SЋRIR°RI SЂR°RЅS–S€Rµ R„RљRџ (RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ) RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЈ 1922 SЂ. RIS–RЅ R·RgS–R№SЃRЅRёRI RђR»S–SЋ, RIS–RI R°RiS–S‚R°S†S–SЋ SЃRµSЂRµRg RјS–SЃS†RµRIRѕRiRѕ R°SЂR°R±SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїS–Rg S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRЅRёRј RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅS–RјRѕRј RђR±Sѓ RЎS–R°Rј. R’R»R°SЃRЅRµ, R№RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚Rё R· R°SЂR°R±SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RgS–SЏS‡R°RјRё R»S–RIRѕRiRѕ SЃRїRµRyeS‚SЂSѓ RїSЂRёRIRµR»Rё RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё RЅRµ R±SЂR°R»Rё SѓS‡R°SЃS‚S– RI R°RЅS‚RёS”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… R·R°RIRѕSЂSѓS€RµRЅRЅSЏS… 1929 SЂ.

RџR»R°RyeR°S‚ RїR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRјRїR°SЂS‚S–S—
RџR»R°RyeR°S‚ RїR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRјRїR°SЂS‚S–S—

RЈ 1930 SЂ. RђRIRµSЂR±SѓS… R±SѓRI RIRёSЃR»R°RЅRёR№ R±SЂRёS‚R°RЅS†SЏRјRё R·R° SЃRIRѕSЋ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RI R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ R RѕSЃS–SЋ. RћS‡RѕR»SЋRIR°RI R‘R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕSЃS…S–RgRЅRёR№ RIS–RgRgS–R» RљRѕRјS–RЅS‚RµSЂRЅSѓ, RyeRѕRѕSЂRgRёRЅSѓSЋS‡Rё RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RyeRѕRјRїR°SЂS‚S–R№ RџR°R»RµSЃS‚RёRЅRё S– R„RiRёRїS‚Sѓ. RЈ 1935 SЂ. R№RѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµRIRµR»Rё RЅR° RїSЂRѕS„SЃRїS–R»RyeRѕRISѓ SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Sѓ RЅR° RљR°RIRyeR°R·. R S–Rye RїRѕ S‚RѕRјSѓ R·R°R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё S– SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏR»Rё RїS–SЃR»SЏ RgSЂSѓRiRѕRiRѕ SЃSѓRgSѓ RIR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1941 SЂ.

- RќRµRѕSЂRgRёRЅR°SЂRЅR° RgRѕR»SЏ. RЈ S–RЅS€RёS… R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI R„RљRџ RIRѕRЅR° SЃRyeR»R°R»R°SЃSЏ RЅR°SЃS‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R¶ S‚SЂR°RiS–S‡RЅRѕ?

- RЈ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– RIRёRїR°RgRyeS–RI S‚R°Rye. RЎS‚R°SЂS€RёR№ R±SЂR°S‚ RђRIRµSЂR±SѓS…R°, RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ RїS–Rg RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅS–RјRѕRј RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ RGR°S€RёRЅ, SЃS‚R°RI RїSѓR±R»S–S†RёSЃS‚RѕRј S– R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅRёRј RyeSЂRёS‚RёRyeRѕRј, SЂRµRgR°RiSѓRIR°RI SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕ R· R‘RµRЅ-R“SѓSЂS–RѕRЅRѕRј S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅ "RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ" - S‚RёR¶RЅRµRIRёRye "R”RµSЂ S—RgRёS€RµSЂ RyeRµRјRїS„RµSЂ".

RџS–SЃR»SЏ R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— R¶RёRI RI RћRgRµSЃS–, SѓS‚S–Rye RgRѕ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅR° RIS–Rg RgRµRЅS–RyeS–RЅS†S–RI, RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RI RЎR RЎR  Sѓ 1924 SЂ., SЂRµRgR°RiSѓRIR°RI RI RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅSѓ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeSѓ RiR°R·RµS‚Sѓ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё - "R”RµSЂ RµRјRµSЃ". R RѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёR№ RI 1939 SЂ.

RќRµ RјRµRЅS€ RgSЂR°RјR°S‚RёS‡RЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ R¦RIS– R¤SЂS–RgR»SЏRЅRgR° - R»S–RgRµSЂR° R„RљRџ RI R‘S–R»RѕSЂSѓSЃS–. RЈ 1921 SЂ. RIS–RЅ RїRѕSЂRIR°RI R· "RџRѕR°R»RµR№ R¦S–RѕRЅ" S– RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RI R±SЂRѕS€SѓSЂSѓ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‡RѕRјSѓ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°Rј RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅRѕ RISЃS‚SѓRїR°S‚Rё RI RїR°SЂS‚S–SЋ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI. RџS–SЃR»SЏ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕS— RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃSѓSЂRё RI RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– R¤SЂS–RgR»SЏRЅRg SЃS‚R°RI S„R°S…S–RIS†RµRј R· R’RµR»RёRyeRѕS— S„SЂR°RЅS†SѓR·SЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—.

R¦RIS– R¤SЂS–RgR»SЏRЅRg - RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRye R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S—
R¦RIS– R¤SЂS–RgR»SЏRЅRg - RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRye R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S—

RџS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RI R±S–RѕRiSЂR°S„S–SЋ R”R°RЅS‚RѕRЅR°, SЏRyeR° RЅRµRѕRgRЅRѕSЂR°R·RѕRIRѕ RїRµSЂRµRIRёRgR°RIR°R»R°SЃSЏ. R’R»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1934 SЂ. R±SѓRI RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ RїRµSЂS€RёRј RgRµRyeR°RЅRѕRј RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕRiRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S„R°RyeSѓR»SЊS‚RµS‚Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ. R”RIR° SЂRѕRyeRё RїRѕ S‚RѕRјSѓ R·R°R°SЂRµS€S‚RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ S– RI R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– 1937 SЂ. SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёR№.

RўSЂRё R№RѕRiRѕ RїSЂR°RIRЅSѓRyeRё - RIS–RgRѕRјS– RI R RѕSЃS–S— R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚Rё - R±SЂR°S‚Rё R”R·SЏRgRyeRѕ. RўRёRјRѕS„S–R№ - RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂ "Forbes", R¤S–R»S–Rї - RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRёR№ SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ "RђSЂR·R°RјR°SЃ" - S– RўRёS…RѕRЅ - R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂR° S‚RµR»RµRyeR°RЅR°R»Sѓ RTVi.

- R›S–RgRµSЂRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI S‚RµR¶ R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rё RI SЂRѕRyeRё R’RµR»RёRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚RµSЂRѕSЂSѓ?

- R›S–RgRµSЂ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R•R»R»R°RЅ-R‘R»R°RyeRёS‚RЅRёR№ RїRѕRјRµSЂ SЃRIRѕS”SЋ SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЋ RI 1925 SЂ. RђR»Rµ RI S†S–R»RѕRјSѓ SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃS–S— RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S‡R»RµRЅS–RI RЈRџRЎR (Rye) RїRѕS‡R°R»RёSЃSЏ S‰Rµ RgRѕ R’RµR»RёRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚RµSЂRѕSЂSѓ - RI 1933 SЂ. RўR°Rye, R°SЂRµS€S‚ RїRѕRµS‚R° S– RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRIRё R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕR±S”RgRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ R’RђRџR›R†RўR• RњRёS…R°R№R»R° RЇR»RѕRIRѕRiRѕ SЃS‚R°RI RїSЂRёRIRѕRgRѕRј RgR»SЏ SЃR°RјRѕRiSѓR±SЃS‚RIR° RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё RGRIRёR»SЊRѕRIRѕRiRѕ.

RЈ 1934 SЂ. RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI. R‘SѓR»Rѕ SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃRѕRIR°RЅRѕ R·RЅR°S‡RЅSѓ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅSѓ RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ R°RyeS‚RёRISѓ. RўS–, S…S‚Rѕ RIRёS—S…R°RI R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, RїRµSЂRµR¶RёR»Rё SЃRѕSЂR°S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI RЅR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂRѕRyeS–RI. RћRgRёRЅ R· R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI RїR°SЂS‚S–S— R“SЂRёRiRѕSЂS–R№ R“SЂRёRЅSЊRyeRѕ - RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RЅR°SЂRyeRѕRј RѕSЃRIS–S‚Rё S– RiRѕR»RѕRIR° R”RµSЂR¶RїR»R°RЅSѓ RЈR RЎR , R° RI 1930-S– SЂSЂ. - RЅR°SЂRyeRѕRј S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃS–RI RЎR RЎR , S‡RёR№ RїS–RgRїRёSЃ SЃS‚RѕSЏRI RЅR° RISЃS–S… SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R±R°RЅRyeRЅRѕS‚R°S….

RџS–SЃR»SЏ R№RѕRiRѕ R°SЂRµS€S‚Sѓ RI 1937 SЂ. R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rѕ SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ RgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°S‚Rё RїR°RїRµSЂRѕRIS– RiSЂRѕS€S– RIR·R°RiR°R»S– R±RµR· R±SѓRgSЊ-S‡RёS—S… RїS–RgRїRёSЃS–RI S‡RµSЂRµR· SЂRёR·RёRye, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye S‚RµR¶ RIRёSЏRIRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ "RIRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRј RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ".

R”RµRyeRѕRјSѓ RїRѕS‰R°SЃS‚RёR»Rѕ. RќR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R”RѕRIR¶RµRЅRyeRѕ - S‡R»RµRЅ RїR°SЂS‚S–S— R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI R· SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ RїRѕ RyeRIS–S‚RµRЅSЊ 1920 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RµRЅRёR№ RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ R·R° S†Rµ R· RљRџ(R±)RЈ, S‚R°Rye S– RЅRµ R±SѓRI SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃRѕRIR°RЅRёR№. R†RЅS€S–, SЏRye RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RЅR°SЂRyeRѕRј RѕSЃRIS–S‚Rё S– S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRi SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ RЁSѓRјSЃSЊRyeRёR№, R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RёR»Rё SЃRIRѕS— RgRЅS– RI R“RЈR›RђR“Sѓ.

RћR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅRё SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– RЁSѓRјSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRѕSЃS– RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјS–. R—R° RѕRgRЅS–S”SЋ R· RIRµSЂSЃS–R№ RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI RѕS‚SЂSѓS”RЅRёR№ Sѓ 1946 SЂ. RїS–SЃR»SЏ R»RёSЃS‚R° RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅSѓ R· S‚SЋSЂRµRјRЅRѕS— R»S–RyeR°SЂRЅS–, R·R° S–RЅS€RѕSЋ - SѓR±RёS‚RёR№ "RЅR° RµS‚R°RїS–" RgRѕ RљRёS”RIR°.

RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ RЁSѓRјSЃSЊRyeRёR№
RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ RЁSѓRјSЃSЊRyeRёR№

- R†RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–SЏ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·RјSѓ, S‡Rё S‚Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, S‡Rё S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, R·R°R·RЅR°R»R° RyeSЂR°S…Sѓ - SЏRye RЅR° RїRµSЂSЃRѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ, S‚R°Rye S– RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS‚SѓR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS–?

- R¦Rµ SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRµ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ. R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RЅRѕSЃS–S—RI S†S–S”S— S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S— R±SѓR»Rё SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃRѕRIR°RЅS–. RђR»Rµ, R· S–RЅS€RѕRiRѕ R±RѕRyeSѓ, R·R°RIRgSЏRyeRё R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚R°Rј S‚R° S–RЅS€RёRј RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°Rј, R±SѓR»R° R·R°RyeR»R°RgRµRЅR° RїSЂR°RIRѕRIR° R±R°R·R° RgR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RїR°RgSѓ RЎR RЎR . RЈ RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–S— RЎR RЎR  S” RїSЂSЏRјS– R·R°RїRѕR·RёS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ R· RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ SЃRѕSЋR·RЅRѕRiRѕ RgRѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂSѓ, RїRѕRgR°RЅRѕRiRѕ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚R°RјRё S‰Rµ RI 1919 SЂ., RgRµ RїSЂRѕRїRёSЃR°RЅRѕ S„RѕSЂRјR°R»SЊRЅRµ RїSЂR°RIRѕ RIRёS…RѕRgSѓ R· S„RµRgRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё.

RћRgRёRЅ R· RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–S… R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RџRѕR»RѕR· R±SѓRI RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· SЃRїS–RIR°RIS‚RѕSЂS–RI R”RѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂSѓ RїSЂRѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RЎR RЎR .

RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RџRѕR»RѕR·
RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RџRѕR»RѕR·

RњRѕR¶RЅR°, R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕ, SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ R±RµR· R»RѕSЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI RЎR RЎR  RIR·R°RiR°R»S– R±Rё RЅRµ RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ R±. RђRgR¶Rµ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё RЅRµ RјR°R»Rё SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R±R°R·Rё RЅR° RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёS… RѕRyeRѕR»RёS†SЏS…. RЈ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚ RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂSѓ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RI 1919 SЂ. S‡RёSЃRµR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїR°SЂS‚RёR·R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅSЊ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI RјR°R№R¶Rµ R·SЂS–RIRЅSЏR»R°SЃSЏ R· S‡RёSЃRµR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

RљRѕR»Rё RI 1920 SЂ. RЈRљRџ(R±) SѓRIS–R№S€R»R° RgRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ RљRџ (R±) RЈ, RI SЂSЏRgR°S… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕ RЅR°R»S–S‡SѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ 25 000 RѕSЃS–R±, Sѓ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI – 15 000. R† R±RµR· SЃRѕSЋR·Sѓ R· R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚R°RјRё S– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё RЅRµ R·RјRѕRiR»Rё R± R·R°RyeSЂS–RїRёS‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R’RѕRЅRё S†Rµ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rё S– RїS–S€R»Rё RЅR° RIRµR»RёRyeS– RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRyeRё.

- RЇRyeS– RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRyeRё?

- R— 1919 RїRѕ 1927 SЂ. RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёR№ RyeRѕRјS–SЃR°SЂS–R°S‚ RѕSЃRIS–S‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RѕS‡RѕR»SЋRIR°R»Rё, R·R° RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeRѕRј RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂS–RѕRgSѓ, RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS– R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚Rё. RўSЂRµR±R° SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S†RµR№ RЅR°SЂRyeRѕRјR°S‚ RyeRµSЂSѓRIR°RI SѓSЃS–S”SЋ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRѕSЋ, RѕSЃRIS–S‚RЅSЊRѕSЋ, RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕSЋ S‚R° RIRёRgR°RIRЅRёS‡RѕSЋ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RI SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–S†S–. R’SЃSЋ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— RyeSѓSЂSѓRIR°R»Rё R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚Rё - RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°SЋS‡Rё RIS–Rg S€RyeS–R» RgRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЋ RЅR°Rg RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ SѓSЃS–RјR° R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅRёRјRё R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»R°RјRё.

RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅRѕS— RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–S— 1925–1928 SЂSЂ. RѕR±RёRgRIR° RyeSЂRёR»R° R±SѓR»Rё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅS– RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–RјRё R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚R°RјRё.

RЎRёSЃS‚RµRјR° RѕSЃRIS–S‚Rё, R·R°RyeR»R°RgRµRЅR° R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚R°RјRё RI 1920-S… SЂSЂ., R·R±RµSЂS–RiR°R»R°SЃSЏ R°R¶ RgRѕ RїR°RgS–RЅRЅSЏ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё. RўR°Rye, R±SѓR»Rё RїRµSЂS–RѕRgRё SЂSѓSЃRёS„S–RyeR°S†S–S—, R°R»Rµ R·RЅR°S‡RЅR° S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RISЃS– SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕRyeRё RѕS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»R° RѕSЃRIS–S‚Sѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ - S– S†Rµ SЃRїR°RgS‰RёRЅR° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±RёSЃS‚S–RI. RўRѕRјSѓ SЏ RЅRµ RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёRI R±Rё RїSЂRѕ RїRѕRIRЅRёR№ RyeSЂR°S… S—S…RЅSЊRѕS— S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S—.

R— S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅS–S€Rµ - RјR°R»Rѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ S—S… R»S–RgRµSЂRё, SЏRye S– R»S–RgRµSЂRё RЈRљRџ(R±), SЃS‚R°R»Rё R¶RµSЂS‚RIR°RјRё R’RµR»RёRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚RµSЂRѕSЂSѓ. RњR°R№R¶Rµ RISЃSЋ S—S…RЅSЋ SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅSѓ R±R°R·Sѓ R·RЅRёS‰RёRI R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚. RЈ 1920-S‚S– SЂSЂ. RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕSЂRµRЅS–R·R°S†S–S— R№S€RѕRI RЅRµ RјRµRЅS€ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ, R°RЅS–R¶ RyeRѕSЂRµRЅS–R·R°S†S–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS—.

RЈ 1938 SЂ. RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕ R·RiRѕSЂRЅSѓS‚RёR№. R„RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– S€RyeRѕR»Rё, SЃS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃSЊRyeS– S– RїRµRgR°RiRѕRiS–S‡RЅS– S‚RµS…RЅS–RyeSѓRјRё, R±S–R±R»S–RѕS‚RµRyeRё, S‚RµR°S‚SЂRё R±SѓR»Rё R·R°RyeSЂRёS‚S–. RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS– SЂR°R№RѕRЅRё S– SЃS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR»RѕRЅS–S— - R·R°RyeSЂRёS‚Rѕ. Rђ RїS–SЃR»SЏ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё, RyeRѕR»Rё S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRµ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё SЃRyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RёR»RѕSЃSЏ RЅR° RgRIS– S‚SЂRµS‚RёRЅRё, RїRѕ S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂS– R±SѓRI RЅR°RЅRµSЃRµRЅRёR№ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ SѓRgR°SЂ.

RќR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅSѓ RIS–Rg S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS…, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– S€RyeRѕR»Rё S– R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅS– R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»Rё RЅRµ R·R°RyeSЂRёRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RI RЅR°R№RIR°R¶S‡S– RїRµSЂS–RѕRgRё RiRѕRЅS–RЅSЊ. R¦Rµ RgRѕR·RIRѕR»RёR»Rѕ R·R±RµSЂRµRiS‚Rё RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅSѓ SЃRїR°RgRyeRѕS”RјRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїS–SЃR»SЏ R·RgRѕR±SѓS‚S‚SЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–. R† S‡RёRјR°R»Sѓ SЂRѕR»SЊ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ R·S–RiSЂR°R»Rё S‚S– S”RISЂRµS—, SЏRyeS– RI 1920-S‚S– SЂSЂ. RїR»S–S‡-Rѕ-RїR»S–S‡ R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»-RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё R±SѓRgSѓRIR°R»Rё, SЏRye S—Rј R·RgR°RIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ, RЅRѕRISѓ, R±S–R»SЊS€ SЃRїSЂR°RIRµRgR»RёRISѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ.

RџRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgRµRЅRѕ R·: "R?SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye RЎRµSЂRiRµR№ R“RёSЂRёRye: RїRѕS‡RµRјSѓ R»RѕR·SѓRЅRiRё RЈRќR  RЅR°RїRѕRјRёRЅR°R»Rё R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёSЃS‚SЃRyeRёRµ" Sѓ RiR°R·RµS‚S– RGR°RgR°S€RѕS‚

R“RѕRgRёRЅR° RїR°RїSѓRiRё. R”S–S‚Rё RїRёS€SѓS‚SЊ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅSѓ

R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‡SѓRI, SЏRye S‚SѓS‚ RyeR°R¶SѓS‚SЊ: "RўRѕ S‡RѕSЂS‚ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕSЋ S–RgRµ". RќS–R±RёS‚Rѕ, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RyeRёRЅSѓS‚Rё Sѓ RIRёS…RѕSЂ SЃRѕRyeRёSЂRѕSЋ vЂ” RїRѕS‚RµS‡Rµ RyeSЂRѕRI. R”RёRIRЅS– S‚SѓS‚ R·R°R±RѕR±RѕRЅRё. RЈS‡RѕSЂR° S‚S– "S‡RѕSЂS‚Rё" RIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕRїS–Rg RЅRѕRiR°RјRё S– RїRµSЂRµR±S–RiR°R»Rё RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ R·R±SѓRgR¶RµRЅRёRј S– SѓSЃRјS–S…RЅRµRЅRёRј RyeRѕR»RµRiR°Rј R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. R’S–RЅ R·R°R·RgSЂRёRI S‰R°SЃS‚SЋ RyeRѕR»RµRi, SЏRyeS– RIR¶Rµ RїS–S€R»Rё R·R° RyeRѕR»SЋS‡RёR№ RgSЂS–S‚ S– S‚R°R±S–SЂRЅS– RјSѓSЂRё Sѓ RgR°R»RµRyeRёR№, S€RёSЂRѕRyeRёR№ SЃRIS–S‚.

R‘SЂR°S‚Rё RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeS– S– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg. R§R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° R†

RћRgRЅRёRј S–R· RIR°RiRѕRјRёS… RµRїS–R·RѕRgS–RI Sѓ R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, SЏRye S– RI R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°S‚R° R±R». SЃRIS‰RјS‡. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–SЏ vЂ” RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeR° RќR°SЂRѕRgS–RI RЎRIS–S‚Sѓ, S” S—S…RЅSЏ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRyeSѓ RiR°R»RёS†SЊRyeRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ. R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— S‡RµSЂRїR°S”RјRѕ R·S– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI RѕS‡RµRIRёRgS†S–RI, RџRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI vЂ” SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR° R±SЂR°S‚S–RI, SЏRye S– RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅR° RЅR° RїRѕRiR°S€RµRЅRЅSЏ R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS—RI Sѓ S‚RѕRgS–S€RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS–, S…RѕS‡R° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅR° SЃR°RјRёRј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚RѕRј. RџR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃ Sѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ Rѕ. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–R№ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓRI RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRёR№ V«RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚SѓV» R·R° RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ, RЅR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R°SЃR»SѓRiR°Rј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ Sѓ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ.

R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIR° RgSЂR°RјR° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°

R—R° SЃS‚RѕR»RѕRј RI RyeR°R±S–RЅRµS‚S– RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RЅR° RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R“SЂR°RgS– SЃRёRgS–RI SЃRёRIRёR№ S…RIRѕSЂRёR№ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚Sѓ R•RgRIR°SЂRgRѕRIS– R‘RµRЅRµS€Sѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ 63 SЂRѕRyeRё, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS– S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Rё S– S‚RёSЃRye R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕRїRѕRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI S†S–R»RyeRѕRIRёS‚Rѕ RIRёSЃRЅR°R¶RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ S‰RѕR№RЅRѕ RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RI RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ. R™RѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR°, SЏRyeSѓ RIS–RЅ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЂSѓS‡ R·R°SЃRЅRѕRISѓRIR°RI, R±SѓRgSѓRIR°RI S– R·R° SЏRyeSѓ R±RёRISЃSЏ RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR»S–S‚S‚SЏRјRё, RїSЂRѕRIR°R»SЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RI RјRѕSЂRѕRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂRё. R† RїS–Rg RIRёSЂRѕRyeRѕRј R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– SЃS‚RѕSЏRI R№RѕRiRѕ, R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°, RїS–RgRїRёSЃ. RћRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R„RISЂRѕRїRё RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S–. R–RёRIRёR№ S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RgRЅRёRye

RќS–, RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RЅRµ RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚S–. R’S–RЅ S‚R° R†RIR°RЅ RќRµS‡SѓR№-R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ - RgRIR° RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeRё-RyeR»R°SЃRёRyeRё, S…S‚Rѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ. R† S…RѕS‡R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRјR°RЅ "RGS–R±R° SЂRµRISѓS‚SЊ RIRѕR»Rё, SЏRye SЏSЃR»R° RїRѕRIRЅS–" RIRёRIS‡R°R»Rё RI S€RyeRѕR»S– RISЃS– R±RµR· RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ - RЅRµR°R±RёSЏRyeR° RЅRѕRIRёRЅR°.