R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIR° RgSЂR°RјR° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°

R—R° SЃS‚RѕR»RѕRј RI RyeR°R±S–RЅRµS‚S– RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RЅR° RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R“SЂR°RgS– SЃRёRgS–RI SЃRёRIRёR№ S…RIRѕSЂRёR№ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚Sѓ R•RgRIR°SЂRgRѕRIS– R‘RµRЅRµS€Sѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ 63 SЂRѕRyeRё, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS– S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Rё S– S‚RёSЃRye R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕRїRѕRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI S†S–R»RyeRѕRIRёS‚Rѕ RIRёSЃRЅR°R¶RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ S‰RѕR№RЅRѕ RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RI RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ. R™RѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR°, SЏRyeSѓ RIS–RЅ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЂSѓS‡ R·R°SЃRЅRѕRISѓRIR°RI, R±SѓRgSѓRIR°RI S– R·R° SЏRyeSѓ R±RёRISЃSЏ RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR»S–S‚S‚SЏRјRё, RїSЂRѕRIR°R»SЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RI RјRѕSЂRѕRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂRё. R† RїS–Rg RIRёSЂRѕRyeRѕRј R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– SЃS‚RѕSЏRI R№RѕRiRѕ, R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°, RїS–RgRїRёSЃ. RћRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R„RISЂRѕRїRё RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

R’S–Rg SЂRµRgR°RyeS†S–S—. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RџSЂR°RIRgR°" Sѓ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R· R§RµSЃSЊRyeRёRј S†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRј RI RљRёS”RIS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»R° RЅRѕRIRёR№ R°RIS‚RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕS”RyeS‚. RќR° SЃR°R№S‚S– RI SЂSѓR±SЂRёS†S– "Czech-in" S‰RѕRјS–SЃSЏS†SЏ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°S‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊSЃSЏ SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S– RїSЂRѕ S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRµ RgRIR°RgS†SЏS‚Rµ SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅS– S‚R° RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅS– R·RISЏR·RyeRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S‚R° R§RµS…S–S— S” R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRIS–RgRѕRјRёRјRё: RIS–Rg SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R°RyeR°RgRµRјS–R№ S‚R° SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚S–RI, SЏRyeS– RgS–SЏR»Rё RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– RI RјS–R¶RIRѕS”RЅRЅRёR№ RїRµSЂS–RѕRg, RyeSЂS–R·SЊ RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeSѓ RїRѕRµS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ S€RyeRѕR»Sѓ S– RgRѕ RgSЂR°RјR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїRѕRgS–R№ RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeRѕS— RIRµSЃRЅRё 1968 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R’RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ, RїSЂRё R°RyeS†RµRЅS‚S– RЅR° "SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS…" SЃR»S–RgR°S… RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— R§RµS…S–S—, RїRѕRgRµRyeSѓRgRё RЅRµRgRѕSЃS‚R°S‚RЅSЊRѕ SѓRIR°RiRё RїSЂRёRgS–R»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SЃR°RјRѕS— R§RµS…S–S—, S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRёRј RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RЅRёRј RgS–SЏS‡R°Rј S‚R° RIS–S…RѕRIRёRј RїRѕRgS–SЏRј.

Czech-in RїRѕRyeR»RёRyeR°RЅRёR№ R·R°RїRѕRIRЅRёS‚Rё S†S– RїSЂRѕRiR°R»RёRЅRё S‚R° RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёS‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‡RёS‚R°S‡R° R· RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёRјRё RїRѕRgS–SЏRјRё S‚R° RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚RѕSЃS‚SЏRјRё RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅSЊRѕS— S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— – RIS–Rg RўRѕRјR°S€R° RњR°SЃR°SЂRёRyeR° RgRѕ RњS–R»R°RЅR° RљSѓRЅRgRµSЂRё, RIS–Rg RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– Sѓ 1918 SЂRѕS†S– RgRѕ RћRyeSЃR°RјRёS‚RѕRIRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— 1989 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RџSЂS–RѕSЂRёS‚RµS‚RѕRј RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ S” R±RµR·RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕ S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕRiR»SЏRg RЅR° RIR»R°SЃRЅSѓ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ S‚R° RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–S— RI S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰S– S‰RѕRgRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё.


R†R· R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RI RџSЂR°RiSѓ R· R›RѕRЅRgRѕRЅR°. R™RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚S”RIR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕSЋ RЅRёS‚RyeRѕSЋ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚SЏRiR°R»R°SЃSЏ S‡RµSЂRµR· RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅSЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё.

R‘RµRЅRµS€ R±SѓRI RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёS… R°RyeS‚RѕSЂS–RI RЅR° R’RµSЂSЃR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RјRёSЂRЅS–R№ RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— RI 1919 SЂRѕS†S–, RyeRѕR»Rё R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅR° RїS–RgS‚RIRµSЂRgRёR»R° RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S– RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° RјS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRµ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ.

R—R° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚SЃS‚RIR° RўRѕRјR°S€R° R“R°SЂSЂS–RiR° RњR°SЃR°SЂRёRyeR° R‘RµRЅRµS€ R±SѓRI RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂRѕRј R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI S– R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°R№R±R»RёR¶S‡RёRј SЃRѕSЂR°S‚RЅRёRyeRѕRј RI S‡R°SЃRё R·RѕR»RѕS‚RѕS— "RџRµSЂS€RѕS— SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё". RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– RњR°SЃR°SЂRёRyeR° R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ SЃS‚R°RI RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј.

RЎR°RјRµ R‘RµRЅRµS€ R±SѓRI RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё RI S‚SЂR°RiS–S‡RЅS– RgRЅS– 1938 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RyeRѕR»Rё R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅSѓ R·SЂR°RgRёR»Rё R·R°S…S–RgRЅS– SЃRѕSЋR·RЅRёRyeRё S– R·R°R»RёS€RёR»Rё RЅR° SЃR°RјRѕS‚S– RїRµSЂRµRg R»RёS†RµRј RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— R°RiSЂRµSЃS–S—. RЎR»S–RgSѓRIR°R»Rё SЂRѕRyeRё RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–S— RI R›RѕRЅRgRѕRЅS–.

R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ S‚SЂS–SѓRјS„R°R»SЊRЅRѕ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RI RџSЂR°RiSѓ Sѓ 1945 SЂRѕS†S–. R’ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R№RѕRiRѕ RIS–S‚R°R»Rё RЅR°S‚RѕRIRїRё RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RI, SЏRyeS– RIS–SЂRёR»Rё Sѓ RIS–RgSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ R·RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIS–RyeSѓ SЃRIRѕS”S— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё. RђRgR¶Rµ RI RЅRёS… R±SѓRI RIS–RЅ – SЃRѕSЂR°S‚RЅRёRye RњR°SЃR°SЂRёRyeR°, R¶RёRIR° R»RµRiRµRЅRgR° RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–S— – R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€.

R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ RїRѕRIRµSЂS‚R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RџSЂR°RiSѓ 1945
R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ RїRѕRIRµSЂS‚R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RџSЂR°RiSѓ 1945
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: historytoday.com

RђR»Rµ S‡R°SЃRё R·RјS–RЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ. RђRЅS– RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°, R°RЅS– SЃR°Rј RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rё RiRѕS‚RѕRIS– RgRѕ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeS–RI. Rђ S€R»SЏS… R· R›RѕRЅRgRѕRЅR° RI RџSЂR°RiSѓ RgR»SЏ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° S‚RµRїRµSЂ RїSЂRѕR»SЏRiR°RI R»RёS€Rµ S‡RµSЂRµR· RњRѕSЃRyeRISѓ.



RџSЂRµR»SЋRgS–SЏ RI S‡R°SЃ RIS–R№RЅRё

R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅR° RѕRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIRёRiRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚S–RI SЃS‚R°R»R° RјR°R№RgR°RЅS‡RёRyeRѕRј RgR»SЏ RiRµRѕRїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… S–RiRѕSЂ. R— RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R±RѕRyeSѓ, RI RyeSЂR°S—RЅS– S‰Rµ R±SѓR»Rё R¶RёRIS– RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅS– S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–S—. R— S–RЅS€RѕRiRѕ, RїSЂRёS…S–Rg R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ RїRѕSЃRёR»RёRI SЂSѓSЃRѕS„S–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeS– RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS—.

RћRyeSЂS–Rј S†SЊRѕRiRѕ, SЂRёS‚RѕSЂRёRyeR° RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI R±SѓR»R° R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»RѕSЋ RgR»SЏ RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёS… R¶RёS‚RµR»S–RI, S– SѓSЏRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SЂR°R№ RI SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– 1940-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‰Rµ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·R°S‚SЊRјR°SЂRµRЅRёRј RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёRјRё RїRµSЂRµSЃR»S–RgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё S‚R° RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR°RјRё RѕRїRѕRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI.

RџRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– R±SѓR»R° R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕSЋ, S‰Rѕ R·RiRѕRgRѕRј S– RїSЂRёRIRµR»Rѕ S—S… RgRѕ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiRё, RЅRµS…R°R№ S– RЅRµ R°R±SЃRѕR»SЋS‚RЅRѕS—, RЅR° RIRёR±RѕSЂR°S… RgRѕ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ Sѓ 1946 SЂRѕS†S–.

R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€, SЏRye RgRѕSЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRёR№ RgRёRїR»RѕRјR°S‚, RIRёSЂS–S€RёRI RiSЂR°S‚Rё RЅR° RIRёRїRµSЂRµRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ. R©Rµ RI 1943 SЂRѕS†S–, SѓSЃRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЋSЋS‡Rё, S‰Rѕ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° R°SЂRјS–SЏ RЅRµR·R°R±R°SЂRѕRј SѓRIS–R№RgRµ RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅSѓ, RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RIS–RgR±SѓRI R· R›RѕRЅRgRѕRЅR° RgRѕ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё.

RћRyeSЂS–Rј S†S–R»RyeRѕRј RѕR±S”RyeS‚RёRIRЅRёS… RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅ, R‘RµRЅRµS€R° SЃRїRѕRЅSѓRyeR°RI RgRѕ S†S–S”S— SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R№ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚RёR№ RgRѕSЃRIS–Rg. RЎRёRЅRgSЂRѕRј RјSЋRЅS…RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R·SЂR°RgRё, RyeRѕR»Rё R‘SЂRёS‚R°RЅS–SЏ S‚R° R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–SЏ S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RyeRёRЅSѓR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RЅR°RїSЂRёR·RIRѕR»SЏS‰Rµ, RјRёRјRѕRIRѕR»S– S€S‚RѕRIS…R°RI RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RI RѕR±S–R№RјRё RљSЂRµRјR»SЏ. R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ RїRѕR»RµS‚S–RI RgRѕRјRѕRIR»SЏS‚RёSЃSЏ R· R™RѕSЃRёRїRѕRј RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅRѕRј.

RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RI RµRyeR·RёR»S– RЅRµ RїSЂRёS…RѕRISѓRIR°RI SЃRIRѕRiRѕ R·R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RIS–Rg RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїRѕS—R·RgRyeRё. R’S–RЅ R·RЅRѕRISѓ RIS–RgS‡SѓRI SЃRµR±Rµ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRѕRј RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ SЂR°RЅRiSѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeR°SЂS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR° R»RѕRЅRgRѕRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RјR°SЂRiS–RЅRµSЃS–.

RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ SЂR°RgRѕ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏRI RiRѕSЃS‚SЏ RЅR° RЅR°R№RIRёS‰RѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS– S– RI SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚S– RїRѕS—R·RgRyeRё SЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°R»Rё RgRѕRiRѕRIS–SЂ RїSЂRѕ RgSЂSѓR¶R±Sѓ, RIR·R°S”RјRѕRgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiSѓ S‚R° RїRѕRIRѕS”RЅRЅSѓ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋ.

R R°RgS–SЃS‚SЊ R‘RµRЅRµS€R° R±SѓR»R° R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»RѕSЋ – RїRѕRyeRё R·R°S…S–RgRЅS– SЃRѕSЋR·RЅRёRyeRё RїSЂRѕSЂR°S…RѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS– RїRѕRIRѕS”RЅRЅS– SЂRѕR·RyeR»R°RgRё, RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ R±SѓRI S”RgRёRЅRёRј, S…S‚Rѕ RѕR±S–S†SЏRI R‘RµRЅRµS€RѕRIS– RISЃRµ, S‡RѕRiRѕ S‚RѕR№ RїSЂR°RiRЅSѓRI: RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕRIRѕS”RЅRЅRёS… RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅS–RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё, RЅRµRIS‚SЂSѓS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ Sѓ RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS– SЃRїSЂR°RIRё S‚R° RISЃS–R»SЏRyeSѓ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeSѓ RyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё.



RЎR RЎR  Sѓ 1943 SЂRѕS†S–, RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRѕRIRѕSЂRѕS‚Sѓ Sѓ RIS–R№RЅS–, RIRёRgR°RIR°RISЃSЏ RЅRµ RЅR°R№RiS–SЂS€RёRј RїR°SЂS‚RЅRµSЂRѕRј – SЃRёRјRїR°S‚S–S— RgRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°R»Rё, RљSЂRµRјR»SЊ SЂRѕR·RgR°RIR°RI RѕR±S–S†SЏRЅRyeRё RЅR° R±SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeRёR№ SЃRјR°Rye.

R‘SѓR»Rѕ RѕS‡RµRIRёRgRЅRёRј, S‰Rѕ RЎR RЎR  SЃS‚R°RЅRµ R»S–RgRµSЂRѕRј SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅSѓ, S‚RѕR¶ R·R°SЂSѓS‡RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RgSЂSѓR¶R±RѕSЋ R· RљSЂRµRјR»RµRј RgR»SЏ R‘RµRЅRµS€R° Sѓ 1943 SЂRѕS†S– R±SѓR»Rѕ S‡Rё RЅRµ RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёRј RIR°SЂS–R°RЅS‚RѕRј. RџS–SЃR»SЏ RјSЋRЅS…RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R·SЂR°RgRё RgRѕRIS–SЂSЏS‚Rё R—R°S…RѕRgSѓ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ RјS–Ri.

RќR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– R¶ RѕR±S–S†SЏRЅRyeRё RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° R±SѓR»Rё S„S–RyeS†S–S”SЋ, R° RїRµSЂS€S– RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRё RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕS— "RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂRё RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂS–R°S‚Sѓ" RI RїRѕRIRѕS”RЅRЅS–R№ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– R±SѓR»Rё R·R°RyeR»R°RgRµRЅS– RIR¶Rµ Sѓ 1943 SЂRѕS†S– RI RњRѕSЃRyeRIS–. R—R° RgRIR° S‚RёR¶RЅS– RgRѕ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S–, RI SЃRµSЂRїRЅS– 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ RЅR°RїRёS€Rµ:

"R‘SЂRµS€SѓS‚SЊ RISЃS– R±RµR· RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ, S†Rµ SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° SЂRёSЃR° SѓSЃS–S… RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI, RїRµSЂRµRgSѓSЃS–Rј SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёS…. RњRѕS”SЋ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЋ RїRѕRјRёR»RyeRѕSЋ R±SѓR»Rѕ, S‰Rѕ SЏ RgRѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRјRѕRIR»SЏRISЃSЏ RїRѕRIS–SЂRёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ RјRµRЅS– S†RёRЅS–S‡RЅRѕ S‚R° S…RѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRyeSЂRѕRIRЅRѕ R±SЂRµS…R°RI, SЏRye Sѓ 1935 SЂRѕS†S– S‚R°Rye S– RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ. R©Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ R·R°RїRµRIRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ SЏRye RјRµRЅRµ S‚R°Rye S– RњR°SЃR°SЂRёRyeR° R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃRIS–RgRѕRјRёRј S– S†S–R»RµSЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅRёRј S€R°S…SЂR°R№SЃS‚RIRѕRј".

RђR»Rµ Sѓ 1943 SЂRѕS†S– R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ RIRIR°R¶R°RI S–RЅR°RyeS€Rµ S– RiRѕS‚SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ R·R° RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeRё RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rё RIR»R°RgSѓ Sѓ SЃRIRѕS—R№ RyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.



RљRѕS€RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ SѓSЂSЏRg

RўR°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ SЏRye S– RI S–RЅS€RёS… RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°S… RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R±R»RѕRyeSѓ, RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– RЎR RЎR  RЅRµ RїRѕSЃRїS–S€R°RI RїSЂSЏRјRѕ R·R°S…RѕRїRёS‚Rё RIR»R°RgSѓ, SЃS…RёR»SЏSЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RgRѕ S‚R°RyeS‚RёRyeRё SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RIR»R°RgRё S‚.R·RI. "RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ" - SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ SЃS„RѕSЂRјRѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂS–R·RЅRёRјRё RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏRјRё R»S–RIRѕRiRѕ SЃRїSЂSЏRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R· RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёRјRё RїRѕSЃR°RgR°RјRё RI SЂSѓRyeR°S… RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI.

R¤RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚R°RyeRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R№ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRѕSЋ RgRѕRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ R· RњRѕSЃRyeRIRѕSЋ – RgR»SЏ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕ SѓR·RiRѕRgRёR»Rё SЃRyeR»R°Rg RЅRѕRIRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё, SЏRyeSѓ RјR°RI RѕS‡RѕR»RёS‚Rё R—RgRµRЅRµRye R¤S–RµSЂR»S–RЅRiRµSЂ, RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRye SЃRѕS†S–R°R»-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S—, SЏRyeRёR№ S‰Rµ R· 1937 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RIRёRyeRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI S„SѓRЅRyeS†S–S— RїRѕSЃR»R° RI RЎR RЎR .

RљR»SЋS‡RѕRIS– R¶ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIR° – RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI, S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— S‚R° R°RiSЂR°SЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃS‚RIR° RIS–RgS–R№S€R»Rё RgRѕ SЂSѓRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI.

RћRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRµSЂRµS—R·RgSѓ RЅR° R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅSѓ S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё (RI RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ RљRѕS€RёS†Rµ) RI RyeRIS–S‚RЅS– 1945 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RЅRѕRIRёR№ SѓSЂSЏRg RIRёRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёRI S‚.R·RI. "RљRѕS€RёS†SЊRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјSѓ".



R’RѕRЅR°, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°, RїRµSЂRµRgR±R°S‡R°R»R° RyeRѕRЅS„S–SЃRyeR°S†S–SЋ RјR°R№RЅR°"R·SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeS–RI", RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–RyeRё, RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRѕRISѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·R°S†S–SЋ RїS–RgRїSЂRёS”RјSЃS‚RIS‚R° RIRёR·RЅR°S‡R°R»R° RyeRѕR»RµRyeS‚RёRIRЅSѓ RIRёRЅSѓ RїSЂR°RIRёS… RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… SЃRёR».

RўR°RyeRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё SЂRѕR·S‡RёSЃS‚RёR»Rё SЃRѕR±S– RїRѕR»Rµ RgR»SЏ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R‘RµRЅRµS€ RЅRµ R·R°RїRµSЂRµS‡SѓRIR°RI. R’S–RЅ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS— SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIR° R№ SЃR°Rј RgRµRgR°R»S– R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ S‚SЏR¶S–RI RgRѕ R»S–RIRёS… S–RgRµR№, "SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–R·SѓSЋS‡RѕS— RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–S—", R·R° R№RѕRiRѕ RIR»R°SЃRЅRёRј RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј.

R’RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ, S‰Rµ RI S‡RµSЂRIRЅS– 1945 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S‡RµSЃSЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° RїRѕRiRѕRgRёR»R°SЃSЏ RIS–RgRgR°S‚Rё RџS–RgRyeR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeSѓ R SѓSЃSЊ (RЅRёRЅS–S€RЅSЏ R—R°RyeR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeR° RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚SЊ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё) RЎR RЎR .

R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅR° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RѕS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiSѓ RI SЂR°RјRyeR°S… RЈRќR R Rђ RIS–Rg RїSЂRѕS‚RёRiS–S‚R»RµSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕR°R»S–S†S–S— – RїRµSЂRµRgSѓSЃS–Rј RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIRѕR»SЊS‡Sѓ, S‰Rѕ RgRѕR·RIRѕR»SЏR»Rѕ S‚SЂRёRјR°S‚Rё RјS–RЅS–RјR°R»SЊRЅRѕ RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅRёR№ SЂS–RIRµRЅSЊ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ.

RЎRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЏ RISЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– RyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R·R°R»RёS€R°R»R°SЃSЏ RIRyeSЂR°R№ RЅR°RїSЂSѓR¶RµRЅRѕSЋ. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚, SЏRyeRёR№ RyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ R±RµR·RїRµSЂRµS‡RЅRёRј R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚RµS‚RѕRј, S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ R±SЂR°RI RIR»R°RgSѓ Sѓ SЃRIRѕS— SЂSѓRyeRё – R±RµR·RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS– RgRµRyeSЂRµS‚Rё R‘RµRЅRµS€R° RI RїRµSЂS€S– RgRIR° RїRѕRIRѕS”RЅRЅS– SЂRѕRyeRё R±SѓR»Rё RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RµS„RµRyeS‚RёRIRЅRёRј RјRµS‚RѕRgRѕRј SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRѕSЋ.

R’RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ, RgR°R»RµRyeRѕ RЅRµ RISЃS– SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRIRё SЃRїSЂRёR№RјR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RѕRgRЅRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ. RќR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ SЃRyeR°RЅRgR°R»SЊRЅRёRјRё RgRѕ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– R·R°R»RёS€R°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRµRyeSЂRµS‚Rё S‰RѕRgRѕ RIRёSЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— S‚R° SѓRiRѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRµRЅS€RёRЅRё R· R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё, SЏRyeS– RјS–SЃS†SЏRјRё RїSЂRёR·RIRµR»Rё RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ RgRѕ R±SЂSѓS‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЃRёR»SЊSЃS‚RIR° RI SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅR°S…, R°R»Rµ R№ RgRѕ RgRёSЃR±R°R»R°RЅSЃSѓ RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–RyeRё S‚R° SЂRёRЅRyeSѓ RїSЂR°S†S–.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RЅR°SЃRёR»SЊSЃS‚RIRѕ RI SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅR°S… RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRyeRѕRј R±RµR·RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–S… SЂS–S€RµRЅSЊ R‘RµRЅRµS€R°. R’ SЃSѓRgRµS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚SЏS… SЃRїRѕSЂR°RgRёS‡RЅRѕ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјRё RЅR°Rg RЅS–RјS†SЏRјRё, R°RgR¶Rµ S‡RµS…Rё RїSЂR°RiRЅSѓR»Rё RїRѕRјSЃS‚RёS‚RёSЃSЏ R·SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeR°Rј.

RќRµ SЃRїSЂRёSЏR»Rѕ SЃS‚R°R±S–R»S–R·R°S†S–S— R№ RiRѕRЅS–RЅRЅSЏ RЅR° RIS–RgSЊRѕRј, RIR»R°S€S‚RѕRIR°RЅRµ RїS–Rg RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕRј RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI – SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIRёS… SЃSѓRgS–RI, SЏRyeS– SЂRѕR·RїSЂR°RIR»SЏR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR°Rg "R·SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeR°RјRё", R° RїRѕ-SЃSѓS‚S–, S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RgR»SЏ S‚RёSЃRyeSѓ RЅR° SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–R№ RyeR»R°SЃ S‚R° S‡RёSЃS‚RyeRё SЂS–R·RЅRѕRјR°RЅS–S‚RЅRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№ RIS–Rg "RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RёS…" RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°Rј RµR»RµRјRµRЅS‚S–RI.

R’ 1946 SЂRѕS†S– RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– RїSЂRѕR№S€R»Rё RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeS– RIRёR±RѕSЂRё, SЏRyeS– RјR°R»Rё R»RµRiS–S‚RёRјS–R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё RЅRѕRISѓ RIR»R°RgSѓ RI RyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RќRµRјR°S” SЃSѓRјRЅS–RIS–RI, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgSЃSѓS‚RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїSЂR°RIRёS… RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№, SЏRyeS– RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ R·R° RјRµR¶R°RјRё RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃSѓ, SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»R° R·RЅR°S‡RЅRёR№ RgRёSЃR±R°R»R°RЅSЃ.



R’RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ S„R°R»SЊSЃRёS„S–RyeR°S†S–SЋ RIRёR±RѕSЂS–RI RЅRµ RgRѕRIRѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ. RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiR»R° RЅR° RIRёR±RѕSЂR°S… S– RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° 38 % RјS–SЃS†SЊ Sѓ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚S–.

RўR°RyeRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј RIRѕRЅRё R±SѓR»Rё R·RјSѓS€RµRЅS– SѓS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°S‚Rё SѓSЂSЏRg RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ SЂR°R·RѕRј R· RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёRјRё RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏRјRё: RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕ-SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЋ, SЃRѕS†S–R°R»-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЋ, RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕSЋ S‚R° RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЋ. RќR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… RIS–R»SЊRЅRёS… RIRёR±RѕSЂS–RI Sѓ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– RgRѕRIRµR»RѕSЃSЏ S‡RµRyeR°S‚Rё RїRѕRЅR°Rg SЃRѕSЂRѕRye SЂRѕRyeS–RI.


RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg S– RїRѕSЃRёR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё

RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg S‚R° R™RѕSЃRёRї RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ
RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg S‚R° R™RѕSЃRёRї RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: ceskatelevize.cz

RќRѕRIRёRј RїSЂRµRјS”SЂ-RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂRѕRј SЃS‚R°RI RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg, R»SЋRgRёRЅR° R· R±SѓSЂRµRјRЅRѕSЋ R±S–RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S”SЋ S‚R° S‚S–SЃRЅRёRјRё R·RISЏR·RyeR°RјRё R· RњRѕSЃRyeRIRѕSЋ. R›S–RgRµSЂ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RI RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RyeR°SЂS”SЂSѓ S‰Rµ RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1920-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI, R±SѓRI RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёRј RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚RѕRј RI RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚S–, R° Sѓ 1938 SЂRѕS†S– RµRјS–RiSЂSѓRIR°RI RgRѕ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё.

RЎS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚RёRiS–S‚R»RµSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕR°R»S–S†S–S— SЂR°R·RѕRј R· RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeRѕSЋ RљSЂRµRјR»SЏ SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ RgR»SЏ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»RgR° S€R°RЅSЃRѕRј RїSЂRёR№S‚Rё RgRѕ RIR»R°RgRё RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS–, S‡RёRј RIS–RЅ SЃRїRѕRIRЅR° SЃRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°RISЃSЏ, RI 1946 SЂRѕS†S– RѕS‡RѕR»RёRIS€Rё SѓSЂSЏRg.

RќRѕRIR° RIR»R°RgR° SЃRyeR»R°RgR°R»R°SЃSЏ R· 27 RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI, RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIS– R¶ RїRѕSЃS‚Rё, R»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕ, RIS–RgS–R№S€R»Rё RgRѕ SЂSѓRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI. RћRyeSЂS–Rј RїRѕSЃR°RgRё RїSЂRµRјS”SЂR°, RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё RїRѕSЃR°RgRё RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S—, SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё S‚R° RїSЂR°S†S–, RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃS–RI, RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— S‚RѕSЂRiS–RIR»S– S– RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRISѓ RїRѕSЃR°RgSѓ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI, SЏRyeSѓ RѕR±S–R№RјR°RI R’R°S†R»R°RI RќRѕSЃRµRye.

RњS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIRѕ RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ RјR°R№RgR°RЅS‡RёRyeRѕRј, RIS–Rg SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏ RIS–RgS€S‚RѕRIS…RЅSѓR»R°SЃSЏ RgR»SЏ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RѕRiRѕ R·R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RISЃS–S”S— RїRѕRIRЅRѕS‚Rё RIR»R°RgRё. RџRµSЂS€S– RyeSЂRѕRyeRё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё R·RgS–R№SЃRЅRёR»Rё S‰Rµ R·R° RљRѕS€RёS†SЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё, R°RgR¶Rµ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RќRѕSЃRµRye RIR¶Rµ S‚RѕRgS– R·R°R№RЅSЏRI RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅSѓ RїRѕSЃR°RgSѓ RI RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIS–.

RЈSЃS– RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIS– RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— RI 1945-46 SЂRѕRyeR°S… RјS–SЃS‚RёR»Rё R·R°RyeR»RёRye RgRѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ R·R°RiRѕRЅS–RI SЃR°RјRѕRѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё S‚R° RїR°SЂR°RјS–R»S–S‚R°SЂRЅRёS… SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅSЊ. R’ RїRѕRIRѕS”RЅRЅRёR№ RїRµSЂS–RѕRg RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ R°RyeS‚SѓR°R»SЊRЅRёRј, S– RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeRё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI R·R°R»SЋR±RyeRё RgRѕR»SѓS‡R°R»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ S‚R°RyeRёS… R·R°RiRѕRЅS–RI.

RћRyeSЂS–Rј S†SЊRѕRiRѕ, RїS–Rg RyeSЂRёR»RѕRј RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIR° RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё S‚R° RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIR° RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRѕ "RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–S— RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё", SЏRyeS– RgRѕ 1947 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R¶RѕRgRЅRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј RЅRµ SЂRµRiSѓR»SЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° R·R°RyeRѕRЅRѕRgR°RIS‡RѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS–.

RџRµSЂRµR±SѓRgRѕRISѓ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RIR»R°S€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё R№ RI RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёS… SЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚SѓSЂR°S…. RџS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё RIR»R°RgR° SЂRѕR·RїSѓSЃS‚RёR»R° RiRIR°SЂRgS–SЋ S‚R° RїRѕR»S–S†RµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ R°RїR°SЂR°S‚, RЅR° R№RѕRiRѕ RјS–SЃS†Rµ RїSЂRёR№S€R»R° SѓRЅS–S„S–RyeRѕRIR°RЅR° S– SЂRѕR·RiR°R»SѓR¶RµRЅR° SЃRёSЃS‚RµRјR° RљRѕSЂRїSѓSЃSѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё (Sbor národní bezpeDЌnosti, SNB), SЏRyeRёR№ RјR°RI RgRѕRiR»SЏRgR°S‚Rё R·R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёRј RїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeRѕRј S– RIRyeR»SЋS‡R°RI RI SЃRµR±Rµ SЂS–R·RЅS– RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»Rё RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё.

RЎR°RјRµ S‚SѓS‚ RѕRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RI 1945 SЂRѕS†S– R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃS„RѕSЂRјRѕRIR°RЅRѕ R№ SЃSѓRјRЅRѕR·RIS–SЃRЅSѓ R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRЅSѓ R±RµR·RїRµRyeSѓ (Státní bezpeDЌnost, StB), S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёR№ R°RЅR°R»RѕRi RљTђR‘, SЏRyeRёR№ RIRyeR»SЋS‡R°RI RI SЃRµR±Rµ S‚R°S”RјRЅSѓ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RїRѕR»S–S†S–SЋ S‚R° SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S—. RЎR°RјRµ S†RµR№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅ RI RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅS– RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR»S–S‚S‚SЏ R·R°R№RјR°RISЃSЏ RїRµSЂRµSЃR»S–RgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏRј RѕRїRѕR·RёS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂS–RI S‚R° RgRёSЃRёRgRµRЅS‚S–RI.

RњS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI R’R°S†R»R°RI RќRѕSЃRµRye
RњS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI R’R°S†R»R°RI RќRѕSЃRµRye
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: radio.cz

R’R°R¶R»RёRISѓ SЂRѕR»SЊ RI RјS–R»S–S‚R°SЂRёR·R°S†S–S— RIS–RgS–RiSЂR°RIR°R»Rё RїSЂRѕS„SЃRїS–R»RyeRё S‚R° S—S…RЅS–R№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅR° SЂR°RgR° RїSЂRѕS„SЃRїS–R»RѕRye (ÚstE™ední rada odborEЇ, ÚRO), RїS–Rg RgRѕRiR»SЏRgRѕRј SЏRyeRѕS—S‰Rµ RI S‚SЂR°RIRЅS– 1945 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRѕ RїRѕR»Rye S€RIRёRgRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё.

RћR»RgR¶S–S… RљSЂRёS€S‚RѕS„, RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ S„SѓRЅRyeS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂ, SЏRyeRёR№ R±RµR·RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕ R·R°R№RјR°RISЃSЏ RЅR°R±RѕSЂRѕRј RI S†SЋ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЋ, RЅR°RgR°RIR°RI RїRµSЂRµRIR°RiSѓ RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–Rј RїR°SЂS‚RёR·R°RЅR°Rј S‚R° R»SЋRgSЏRј R· R±RѕR№RѕRIRёRј RgRѕSЃRIS–RgRѕRј. R’RµSЂS…S–RIRyeSѓ RїRѕR»RyeSѓ RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ SЃRyeR»R°RgR°R»Rё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– RїR°SЂS‚S–R№S†S–. RћRyeSЂRµRјRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё R№ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–R№RЅSѓ SЃR»SѓR¶R±Sѓ.

RћRyeSЂS–Rј S†SЊRѕRiRѕ, RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёS… S‡RёRЅRЅRёRyeS–RI RI RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RёS… RїRѕRgS–SЏS… SЃS‚R°R»Rё RїR°SЂR°RјS–R»S–S‚R°SЂRЅS– SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ, RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЊRѕRIR°RЅS– RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIRѕRј, S‚.R·RI. "R·R°RIRѕRgSЃSЊRyeR° RјS–R»S–S†S–SЏ", (závodské milice).

RўR°RyeS– R±SЂRёRiR°RgRё SѓS‚RIRѕSЂSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RѕRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё Sѓ 1945 SЂRѕS†S– RЅR° R·R°RIRѕRgR°S… S‚R° RїS–RgRїSЂRёS”RјSЃS‚RIR°S… R· RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕSЋ RјRµS‚RѕSЋ "R·R°S…RёSЃS‚Sѓ RјR°R№RЅR° S‚SЂSѓRgSЏS‰RёS…". R¤R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RIRѕRЅRё S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RїS–RgRїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeRѕRISѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS„SЃRїS–R»RyeR°Rј, RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– SЏRyeRёS… S‚RѕRgS– R±SѓRI RђRЅS‚RѕRЅS–RЅ R—R°RїRѕS‚RѕS†SЊRyeRёR№, RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅS–R№ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё.

RђRyeS‚RёRIRЅSѓ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RyeSѓSЂSѓRIR°RЅRЅS– S†RёS… RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»S–RI RїSЂRёR№RјR°R»Rѕ R№ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIRѕ RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI S‚R° SЃR°Rј RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ R’R°S†R»R°RI RќRѕSЃRµRye. R¦S– RїR°SЂR°RјS–R»S–S‚R°SЂRЅS– SѓRiSЂSѓRїSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIR¶Rµ S‚RѕRgS– R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RgRµSЏRyeRёS… RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI RЅRµ R±RµR·RїS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRѕ RїSЂRёSЂS–RIRЅSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… S€S‚SѓSЂRјRѕRIRёS… R·R°RiRѕRЅS–RI RЎRђ.

R’SЃS– RїRµSЂRµR»S–S‡RµRЅS– RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— R±SѓR»Rё RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅS–, RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅR° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ R°RyeS‚RёRIS–SЃS‚S–RI RјR°R»Rё R±RѕR№RѕRIRёR№ RgRѕSЃRIS–Rg S‚R° S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕ R±SѓR»Rё RyeRѕRIR°RЅRёRјRё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё.

R”RµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅR° R¶ SЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRЅR° R»RёS€Rµ SЃRїRѕSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°R»R° S–, RIRёRgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RISЃRµ S‰Rµ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°R»R° RI S‚SѓRјR°RЅS– S–R»SЋR·S–R№, RЅS–R±Rё RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅS– S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–S— S‚R° RїSЂRѕS†RµRgSѓSЂRё R±SѓRgSѓS‚SЊ R·R±RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅS–. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R‘RµRЅRµS€ RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRѕRIRѕ RIS‚SЂR°S‡R°RI SЃRёR»Rё, RїRµSЂRµRgSѓSЃS–Rј S„S–R·RёS‡RЅS– – RIR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1947 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI S–RЅSЃSѓR»SЊS‚ S– RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RI RїS–Rg RЅR°RiR»SЏRgRѕRј R»S–RyeR°SЂS–RI.



RџSЂRѕR±R»RµRјRё R·S– R·RgRѕSЂRѕRISЏRј RїRµSЂRµSЃR»S–RgSѓRIR°R»Rё RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ RїRµSЂS€RёR№ SЂS–Rye. R©Rµ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R»RѕRЅRgRѕRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RµRyeR·RёR»Sѓ RI R‘RµRЅRµS€R° R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS– RјS–RiSЂRµRЅS– S‚R° S‚SЂR°RїRёRISЃSЏ RјS–RyeSЂRѕS–RЅSЃSѓR»SЊS‚.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ RЅRµ SЃSѓRјRЅS–RIR°RISЃSЏ Sѓ RIR»R°SЃRЅRёS… SЃRёR»R°S… S– R±SѓRI RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRёRј, S‰Rѕ SЃR°RјRµ RIS–RЅ R·RјRѕR¶Rµ RIS‚SЂRёRјR°S‚Rё R±R°R»R°RЅSЃ SЃRёR». R”Rѕ RїRµRIRЅRѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ R№RѕRјSѓ S†Rµ SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RIRgR°RIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ.



RџR»R°RЅ RњR°SЂS€R°R»R°

R”RѕRyeS‚SЂRёRЅR° RўSЂSѓRјRµRЅR° S‚R° RїR»R°RЅ RњR°SЂS€R°R»R° RIRёRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅS– RI 1947 SЂRѕS†S– RїSЂRёSЃRyeRѕSЂRёR»Rё RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RЅR° R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, RgRµ SЃR°RјRµ RїSЂRѕS…RѕRgRёS‚RёRјRµ R—R°R»S–R·RЅR° R·R°RIS–SЃR°.

R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅR° RI RїRѕRIRѕS”RЅRЅS– SЂRѕRyeRё RIS–RgS‡R°R№RgSѓS€RЅRѕ RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±SѓRIR°R»R° RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕS— RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё. RЎRїRѕSЂR°RgRёS‡RЅRёS… S‚SЂR°RЅSЃRїRѕSЂS‚S–RI R· RЎR RЎR , SЏRyeRёR№ SЃR°Rј RїRѕS‚RµSЂRїR°RI RIS–Rg RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ, S‡Rё RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RЈRќR R Rђ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·R°RјR°R»Rѕ.

R’S–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIS– R¶ RѕR±RјS–RЅRё S‚R° RїRѕSЃS‚R°S‡R°RЅRЅSЏ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R·R±SЂRѕS— R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅRµRgRѕSЃS‚R°S‚RЅSЊRѕ, S‰RѕR± R·SЂSѓS€RёS‚Rё R· RјS–SЃS†SЏ RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃS‚RIRѕ RI S‰RѕR№RЅRѕ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅS–R№ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIS–. R•RyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅR° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiR° RЎRЁRђ, SЏRyeSѓ R·RiS–RgRЅRѕ RїR»R°RЅSѓ RњR°SЂS€R°R»R° RјRѕRiR»R° RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°S‚Rё R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅR°, R±SѓR»R° RIRyeSЂR°R№ R±R°R¶R°RЅRѕSЋ.

RќRµ R»RёS€Rµ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅR° RIS–RgS‡R°R№RgSѓS€RЅRѕ RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±SѓRIR°R»R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё – RI RљSЂRµRјR»S– S‚RµR¶ RїRµRIRЅRёR№ S‡R°SЃ RЅRµ R·R°R№RјR°R»Rё S‡S–S‚RyeRѕS— RїRѕR·RёS†S–S—. R’R»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1947 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R’SЏS‡RµSЃR»R°RI RњRѕR»RѕS‚RѕRI RIS–RgR±SѓRI Sѓ RџR°SЂRёR¶ RgR»SЏ RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS–S… RїRµSЂRµRiRѕRIRѕSЂS–RI. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RIR¶Rµ 2 R»RёRїRЅSЏ RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕ RїRѕRyeRёRЅSѓRI RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–SЋ.

R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёR№ SѓSЂSЏRg, S‡Rё S‡RµSЂRµR· R±SЂR°Rye RgRѕSЃRIS–RgSѓ, S‡Rё S‚Rѕ R· RЅR°S—RIRЅRѕSЃS‚S–, S†SЊRѕRiRѕ SЃRёRiRЅR°R»Sѓ RЅRµ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI. 7 R»RёRїRЅSЏ S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° R·R° RїSЂRѕRїRѕR·RёS†S–S”SЋ RЇRЅR° RњR°SЃR°SЂRёRyeR° (RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI, SЃRёRЅR° RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R°) RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRЅRѕ SЂR°R·RѕRј R· RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃSѓRIR°R»R° R·R° RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ RїR»R°RЅSѓ RњR°SЂS€R°R»R°. R§RµSЂRµR· RgRIR° RgRЅS– S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeR° RgRµR»RµRiR°S†S–SЏ RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– R· RїSЂRµRјS”SЂRѕRј R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»RgRѕRј RIRёSЂSѓS€RёR»R° RgRѕ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё.

R’ RљSЂRµRјR»S– S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°RyeRё RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRёS‚Rё SЃRIRѕSЋ RїRѕR·RёS†S–SЋ, R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg RјR°RI R· SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ R№ R»RёSЃS‚ RIS–Rg RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°, Sѓ SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ RIS–RЅ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅSЋRIR°RI RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё.

RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ S‚R° RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg
RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ S‚R° RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: ceskatelevize.cz

RћR± 11 RiRѕRgRёRЅS– RIRµS‡RѕSЂR° 9 R»RёRїRЅSЏ RgRµR»RµRiR°S†S–SЋ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏRI RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ. R‘SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeS– RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ SѓSЂSЏRgRѕRIS†S–RI, R·R°RїRµRIRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RЇRЅR° RњR°SЃR°SЂRёRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RїR»R°RЅ RЅRµ SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЎR RЎR , RЅRµ RјR°R»Rё RµS„RµRyeS‚Sѓ.

R’RµSЂRgRёRyeS‚ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° R·RISѓS‡R°RI RѕRgRЅRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ: "RЇRyeS‰Rѕ RgRѕ R·R°RIS‚SЂR°S€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ RgRѕ 16.00 R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅR° RЅRµ RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RIS–Rg SѓS‡R°SЃS‚S– RI RїR»R°RЅS– RњR°SЂS€R°R»R°, S†Rµ RјR°S‚RёRјRµ SЃRµSЂR№RѕR·RЅS– RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRyeRё RgR»SЏ RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёRЅ RјS–R¶ RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°RјRё".

RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg RЅR°RgS–SЃR»R°RI S‚RµR»RµRiSЂR°RјSѓ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕRiRѕ R·RјS–SЃS‚Sѓ RI RџSЂR°RiSѓ. RќR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ R¶ RgRЅSЏ SѓSЂSЏRg SЃRyeR°SЃSѓRIR°RI SЃRIRѕSЋ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RI R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјS–, RїRѕRїSЂRё RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° S‚RѕSЂRiS–RIR»S– S‚R° RїSЂRѕRјRёSЃR»RѕRIRѕSЃS‚S– R‘RѕRiSѓRјS–R»R° R›R°SѓS€RјR°RЅR°. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ RIS‚SЂSѓS‚RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RI RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃ RЅRµ RјS–Ri. RЎR°RјRµ S†RёRјRё RgRЅSЏRјRё RI RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚SЂR°RїRёRISЃSЏ S–RЅSЃSѓR»SЊS‚.

R—SЂRёRI RїR»R°RЅSѓ RњR°SЂS€R°R»R° RјR°RI RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ RIR°R¶RyeS– RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRyeRё RgR»SЏ RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–RyeRё, R° R№ RїSЂSЏRјS– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS– SѓSЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ. R’R»R°RgR° "RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ" RїSЂRѕSЏRIRёR»R° SЃRIRѕSЋ RЅRµRЅR°RgS–R№RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, S– RI RљSЂRµRјR»S– RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё RїSЂRёS€RIRёRgS€RёS‚Rё RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃ R·R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RIR»R°RgRё.



RљRѕRјS–RЅS„RѕSЂRј

RќRµRѕRgRЅRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїRѕRIRµRgS–RЅRyeRё S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI S‰RѕRgRѕ RїR»R°RЅSѓ RњR°SЂS€R°R»R° SЃS‚R°R»R° RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕSЋ RyeSЂR°RїR»RµSЋ RgR»SЏ RљSЂRµRјR»SЏ, S…RѕS‡R° RЅRµR·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRѕSЋ R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°R»Rѕ RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRѕRIRѕ.

R©Rµ RI S‡RµSЂRIRЅS– 1947 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RgRѕ RџSЂR°RiRё RїSЂRёR±SѓR»R° "S–RЅSЃRїRµRyeS†S–SЏ" RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– R· RџR°RЅS‚RµR»RµR№RјRѕRЅRѕRј R“SѓR»SЏS”RIRёRј, SЏRyeR° R·SЂRѕR±RёR»R° RgR»SЏ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° RЅRµRIS‚S–S€RЅSѓ RgRѕRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ: RјRѕRIR»SЏRI, S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeS– RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RIS‚SЂR°S‡R°SЋS‚SЊ RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SЃRµSЂRµRg SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI S‚R° S–RЅS‚RµR»S–RiRµRЅS†S–S—, RЅRµRgRѕSЃS‚R°S‚RЅSЊRѕ RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRёR·SѓSЋS‚SЊ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂSѓ S‚R° RїSЂRѕRIR°R»SЋSЋS‚SЊ RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅSѓ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeSѓ.

R”R»SЏ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rё RѕRgRЅRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅS– SЃRёRiRЅR°R»Rё RgR»SЏ RgS–S—. RЈ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅS– 1947 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±SѓRI R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RљRѕRјS–RЅS„RѕSЂRј (R†RЅS„RѕSЂRјR±SЋSЂRѕ), RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏ RgR»SЏ RyeRѕRѕSЂRgRёRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ (S‡Rё, SЂR°RgS€Rµ, RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ) RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№ RI R„RISЂRѕRїS–.

RќR° RїRµSЂS€RёS… R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏS… RgRµR»RµRiR°S†S–SЏ S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI RїS–Rg RiRѕR»RѕRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏRј RЅR°R№R±R»RёR¶S‡RѕRiRѕ SЃRѕSЂR°S‚RЅRёRyeR° R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»RgR° RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂSЏ R¦Rљ RљRџR§ R SѓRgRѕR»SЊS„R° RЎR»R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° S‡S–S‚RyeS– RIRyeR°R·S–RIRyeRё S‰RѕRgRѕ RїRѕSЃRёR»RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° R°RyeS‚RёRIS–R·R°S†S–S— RyeSѓSЂSЃSѓ RЅR° R·R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RIR»R°RgRё.

RџSЂRё S†SЊRѕRјSѓ SЃR°Rј RЎR»R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–RgRyeRёRЅSѓRI RЅRµR№S‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅSѓ SЂRёS‚RѕSЂRёRyeSѓ S– RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚Rѕ RЅR°R·RIR°RI RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R° S‚R° RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI RЇRЅR° RњR°SЃR°SЂRёRyeR° "R°RiRµRЅS‚R°RјRё R°RЅRiR»Rѕ-R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S–RјRїRµSЂS–R°R»S–R·RјSѓ" S‚R° RIRёSЃR»RѕRIRёRI RiRѕS‚RѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ "RїRѕSЃRёR»RёS‚Rё R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Sѓ R· SЂRµR°RyeS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂR°RјRё" R·R° RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeRё S€RёSЂRѕRyeRёS… RјR°SЃ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ. RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё R±SѓR»Rё RiRѕS‚RѕRIS– RgRѕ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚RѕS— RyeRѕRЅS„SЂRѕRЅS‚R°S†S–S—.



RџRµSЂRµRIRѕSЂRѕS‚

RљS–RЅRµS†SЊ 1947 – RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRёR·SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRѕRIRёRј RїRѕSЃRёR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј S‚RёS… RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃS–RI, SЏRyeS– RIR¶Rµ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ R№ RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS– SЂRѕRyeRё.

RљRџR§ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёR»R° RјS–S‚RёRЅRiRё, RIRёS‡RёS‰R°R»R° RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRёR№ R°RїR°SЂR°S‚ RIS–Rg "RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RёS… RµR»RµRјRµRЅS‚S–RI" S‚R° RїRѕSЃRёR»SЋRIR°R»R° RјS–R»S–S‚R°SЂRёR·R°S†S–SЋ SЃRIRѕS—S… RїS–RgSЂSѓS‡RЅRёS… R·R°RiRѕRЅS–RI – R·R°RIRѕRgSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R° RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RјS–R»S–S†S–R№, R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»R° S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–R№RЅR° SЃR»SѓR¶R±R° S‚R° RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR°.

RўR°RyeS– RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃRё RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rё RgRµRgR°R»S– R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ R·R°RЅRµRїRѕRyeRѕS”RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ SЃRёR»SЊRЅRёS… SЃRѕSЋR·RЅRёRyeS–RI Sѓ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R”RµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅS– RїR°SЂS‚S–S— SЃRISЏS‚Rѕ RIS–SЂRёR»Rё RI RјS–S†SЊ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRёS… S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚S–RI S‚R° R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚RµS‚ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R°.

RњS–S‚RёRЅRi RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI RI RџSЂR°R·S–, R»SЋS‚RёR№ 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
RњS–S‚RёRЅRi RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI RI RџSЂR°R·S–, R»SЋS‚RёR№ 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: moderni-dejiny.cz

RљSЂRёR·R° RIRёRЅRёRyeR»R° RgRѕSЃS‚R°S‚RЅSЊRѕ RЅRµSЃRїRѕRgS–RIR°RЅRѕ. 12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIRѕ RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI RIRёRgR°R»Rѕ SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, R·RiS–RgRЅRѕ R· SЏRyeRёRј RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–S… RIRѕSЃSЊRјRµSЂRѕ RЅRµRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕRyeSЂSѓR¶RЅRёS… RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeS–RI RљRѕSЂRїSѓSЃSѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё RI RџSЂR°R·S– R±SѓR»Rѕ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRѕ S‚R° R·R°RјS–RЅRµRЅRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё. RўR°RyeRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј, RISЃS– RѕSЂRiR°RЅRё RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё RјR°R»Rё RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕ RѕRїRёRЅRёS‚RёSЃSЏ RI SЂSѓRyeR°S… RѕRgRЅS–S”S— RїR°SЂS‚S–S—.

R”R»SЏ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI, SЏRyeRёS… RI SѓSЂSЏRgS– RISЃRµ S‰Rµ R±SѓR»R° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ, S†Rµ SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕSЋ RyeSЂR°RїR»RµSЋ. RќR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ SѓSЂSЏRgRѕRIS†S– S€RIRёRgRyeRѕ SЃRyeRѕRѕSЂRgRёRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё SЃRIRѕS— RgS–S— S– RїRѕRgR°R»Rё RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚. R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЋ RiRѕR»RѕSЃS–RI R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRёSЂS–S€RµRЅRѕ R·SѓRїRёRЅRёS‚Rё RgS–SЋ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ.

RњS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂRё RIRёRјR°RiR°R»Rё R·RIS–S‚Sѓ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI R’R°S†R»R°RIR° RќRѕSЃRyeR° S‚R° RїSЂRёR·SѓRїRёRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeRёS… RїRµSЂSЃRѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёS… SЂS–S€RµRЅSЊ RgRѕ R·R°SЃR»SѓS…R°RЅRЅSЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R·RIS–S‚Sѓ.

RЎR°Rј RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RќRѕSЃRµRye SЂR°RїS‚RѕRIRѕ "R·R°S…RIRѕSЂS–RI" S– RЅRµ R±SѓRI RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS–R№ RЅR° R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅS– SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ. RќRµRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂRё S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RIRёRјR°RiR°R»Rё RgRµS‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕ SЂRѕR·S–R±SЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ Sѓ SЃRyeR°SЂRiR°S…, SЏRyeS– RISЃRµ S‡R°SЃS‚S–S€Rµ RЅR°RgS…RѕRgRёR»Rё S‰RѕRgRѕ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё.

RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RIRёS…S–RgRЅRёS… RgRЅS–RI 14-15 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ S‚SЂRёRIR°R»Rё RyeRѕRЅSЃSѓR»SЊS‚R°S†S–S— RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№ S‰RѕRgRѕ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RёS… RgS–R№. RGR°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚S‚SЏ R°SЂS…S–RIS–RI R·R°SЃRIS–RgS‡RёR»Rѕ – RљRџR§ R·RЅR°R»R° RїSЂRѕ RISЃS– RїR»R°RЅRё S‚R° RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRIRёRЅRё S–RЅS€RёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№, RIRyeR»SЋS‡RЅRѕ R· RїRµSЂRµRiRѕRIRѕSЂR°RјRё R· RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј R‘RµRЅRµS€RѕRј.

RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– R°RiRµRЅS‚Rё RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЋRIR°R»Rё RѕSЂRiR°RЅRё R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё S‚R° S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–R№RЅS– SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё. R’SЂRµS€S‚S–, SѓSЂSЏRgRѕRIS†S– RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё, S‰Rѕ RI SЂR°R·S–, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ S—S…RЅS” SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRµ R±SѓRgRµ RIRёRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRѕ, RIRѕRЅRё RїRѕRgR°RgSѓS‚SЊ Sѓ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ. RџR»R°RЅ R±SѓRI SѓR·RiRѕRgR¶RµRЅRёR№ R· RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј.

RўR°RyeRёR№ S…S–Rg RїRµSЂRµRIS–RI R±Rё SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ Sѓ SЃS„RµSЂSѓ R№RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјRїRµS‚RµRЅS†S–R№: R‘RµRЅRµS€ RјS–Ri RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёS‚Rё RЅRѕRIS– RIRёR±RѕSЂRё (SЏRyeS– R± R±SѓR»Rё RgR»SЏ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI RјRµRЅS€ SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅRёRјRё), R°R±Rѕ RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RёS‚Rё S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIRёR№ SѓSЂSЏRg. RђR±Rѕ R¶ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rё RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI. RђR»Rµ SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ RјR°RI RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rё SЃR°RјRµ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚.

RљRѕR»Rё Sѓ RIS–RIS‚RѕSЂRѕRye 17 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RЅR° R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅS– SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RјR°RI R·RIS–S‚SѓRIR°S‚Rё RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI RќRѕSЃRµRye, RIRёSЏRIRёR»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RISЃRµ S‰Rµ "S…RIRѕSЂS–S”" S‚R° RЅR° R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏ R·RЅRѕRISѓ RЅRµ RїSЂRёR№S€RѕRI. RџRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS” R·R°RyeRѕRЅRЅRµ SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg RїSЂRѕS–RiRЅRѕSЂSѓRIR°RI.

RќR°RїSЂSѓRiR° R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°R»R°, S– RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё SѓSЃRIS–RgRѕRјRёR»Rё, S‰Rѕ SѓSЂSЏRgRѕRIR° RyeSЂRёR·R° RgR°S” S—Rј S€R°RЅSЃ R·R°S…RѕRїRёS‚Rё RIR»R°RgSѓ RI RyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЈSЃRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЋRIR°R»Rё S†Rµ R№ Sѓ RљSЂRµRјR»S–. 19 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RgRѕ RџSЂR°RiRё RїSЂRёR»RµS‚S–RI R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RњRѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIR° R’R°R»RµSЂSЏRЅ R—RѕSЂS–RЅ.

RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRѕ RyeRѕRЅSЃSѓR»SЊS‚SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ R· RњRѕSЃRyeRIRѕSЋ S‰RѕRgRѕ RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€RёS… RyeSЂRѕRyeS–RI. R’ RљSЂRµRјR»S– SЃRїRµRyeSѓR»SЋRIR°R»Rё R№ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЋ RIRѕS”RЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RIS‚RѕSЂRiRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RI SЂR°R·S– RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅRѕSЃS‚S–.

RўR°RyeRёR№ SЃS†RµRЅR°SЂS–R№ RЅR°RISЂSЏRg S‡Rё R±SѓRI RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёR№, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ SЏRye R·R°SЃS–R± S‚RёSЃRyeSѓ RЅR° RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°RyeS–RI, R±RµR· SЃSѓRјRЅS–RISѓ, R±SѓRI RgS–S”RIRёRј S–RЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRјRµRЅS‚RѕRј.



RќR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ, 20 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ, RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚SѓSЋS‡Rё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЅRµRIRёRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ SЂS–S€RµRЅSЊ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ S‚R° RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R·R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–RI RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё, 12 RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI S‚SЂSЊRѕS… RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№: RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕ-SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS—, R”RµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— S‚R° RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS—, RїRѕRgR°R»Rё Sѓ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ.

R”Rѕ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRѕRye RЅRµ RїSЂRёS”RgRЅR°R»RёSЃSЏ SЃRѕS†S–R°R»-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚Rё S‚R° R±RµR·RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅS– – RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI RЇRЅ RњR°SЃR°SЂRёRye S‚R° RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё R›SѓRgRIS–Rye RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgR°. R¦Rµ S‰Rµ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ SѓSЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRёR»Rѕ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ.

12 RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRѕRye R· 27 SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rѕ RјRµRЅS€S–SЃS‚SЊ, RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅS– R±SѓR»Rё S‰Rµ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeRё R±RѕRgR°R№ RgRIRѕS… RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI. R’ S†S–R№ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S— RјSЏS‡ RѕRїRёRЅRёRISЃSЏ RЅR° RїRѕR»S– RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°. R† RISЃSЏ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R° RїRѕRgR°R»SЊS€Sѓ RgRѕR»SЋ RyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R»SЏRiR»R° RЅR° R№RѕRiRѕ RїR»RµS‡S–.

R’RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ, RљRџR§, RIS–RgS‡SѓRIS€Rё SЃRIS–R№ S€R°RЅSЃ, R°RyeS‚RёRIS–R·SѓRIR°R»R° RISЃS– SЃRIRѕS— SЂRµSЃSѓSЂSЃRё, SЏRyeS– RgR°R»RµRyeRѕ RЅRµ R·R°RIR¶RgRё RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»Rё R±SѓRyeRIS– R·R°RyeRѕRЅSѓ S‚R° RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёRј RїSЂRѕS†RµRgSѓSЂR°Rј.

R’SЃS– S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS— RјS–R»S–S†S–S— R±SѓR»Rё RїSЂRёRIRµRgRµRЅS– RI SЃS‚R°RЅ R±RѕR№RѕRIRѕS— RiRѕS‚RѕRIRЅRѕSЃS‚S–, RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅS– R»SЋRgRё R·R°RїRѕR»RѕRЅRёR»Rё RџSЂR°RiSѓ. R”Rѕ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– RїS–RgS‚SЏRiSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS– RѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRyeRё.

R’ RѕS„S–SЃR°S… RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚SѓSЋS‡RёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёR»RёSЃSЏ RѕR±S€SѓRyeRё RѕSЂRiR°RЅR°RјRё RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё, SЏRyeS– R±SѓR»Rё RїS–RgRyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЊRЅS– RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°Rј. RњRѕR±S–R»S–R·SѓRIR°RIS€Rё SЃRIS–R№ R°RyeS‚RёRI, RљRџR§ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёR»R° RIRµR»RёRyeS– RјS–S‚RёRЅRiRё RI S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– RјS–SЃS‚R°. RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– RiR°R·RµS‚Rё RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»Rё RїS–Rg RiR°SЃR»R°RјRё "R¶RѕSЂSЃS‚RyeRѕS— RIS–RgSЃS–S‡S– SЂRµR°RyeS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂR°Rј".

RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅR° RјS–R»S–S†S–SЏ
RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅR° RјS–R»S–S†S–SЏ
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: aktualne.cz

RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R‘RµRЅRµS€ RѕRїRёRЅRёRISЃSЏ Sѓ SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅS–R№ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S—. R—R°RiSЂRѕR·R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё S‚R° RїSЂRёRIRёRg RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕRiRѕ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS‚RѕSЂRiRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RѕR±RјRµR¶SѓRIR°R»Rё RїRѕR»Rµ RgR»SЏ RјR°RЅRµRISЂSѓ. RџRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRёR№ S‚RёSЃRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI RїS–RgS‚RѕS‡SѓRIR°RI SЃRёR»Rё S…RIRѕSЂS–SЋS‡RѕRiRѕ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R°.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RїRµSЂRµRЅRµSЃRµRЅRѕRiRѕ S–RЅSЃSѓR»SЊS‚Sѓ SЃS‚R°RЅ R№RѕRiRѕ R·RgRѕSЂRѕRISЏ SЃS‚SЂS–RјRyeRѕ RїRѕRiS–SЂS€SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ. RџSЂRѕR±R»RµRјRѕSЋ R±SѓR»R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ S„R°S‚R°R»SЊRЅR° RIS–RgSЃSѓS‚RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RgRIRѕS… RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRѕRye. R’ SЂR°R·S–, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ R± Sѓ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ RїRѕRgR°R»Rѕ 14 RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI, (R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ R· 27), R‘RµRЅRµS€ RјR°RI SЂRѕR·RїSѓSЃS‚RёS‚Rё SѓSЂSЏRg S‚R° RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RёS‚Rё RIRёR±RѕSЂRё.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RI SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S—, S‰Rѕ SЃRyeR»R°R»R°SЃSЏ, RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёRј RIR°SЂS–R°RЅS‚RѕRј R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ S‚R° RЅRѕRIRёS… RIRёR±RѕSЂS–RI. RЎRyeR»R°RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R±SѓR»R° RI S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ RI SЂR°R·S– RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeRё 12 RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI, RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–SЏ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RgR°RIR°R»R° RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RЅRµ RѕRiRѕR»RѕS€SѓRIR°S‚Rё RIRёR±RѕSЂRё, R° RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ R·R°RјS–RЅRёS‚Rё S—S… RЅRѕRIRёRјRё RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR°RјRё.

RЎR°RјRµ S†RµR№ SЃS†RµRЅR°SЂS–R№ RїSЂRѕS€S‚RѕRIS…SѓRIR°R»R° RљRџR§ S‚R° RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg. R”R»SЏ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI RIS–RgRyeSЂRёRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R°RјS–RЅRёS‚Rё RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI RЅR° RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёS…, S‚R°RyeRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј RIR·SЏRIS€Rё RїS–Rg RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЊ RISЃSЋ RїRѕRIRЅRѕS‚Sѓ RIR»R°RgRё RI RyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

R”RёR»RµRјR° R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R° R·RIRµR»R°SЃSЏ RgRѕ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚RѕRiRѕ "R°R±Rѕ – R°R±Rѕ". RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R‘RµRЅRµS€ RЅRµ RїSЂRёR№RјRµ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI S‚R° RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёS‚SЊ RЅRѕRIS– RIRёR±RѕSЂRё (S‡RѕRiRѕ RїSЂR°RiRЅSѓRI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ S‚R°R±S–SЂ), R°R±Rѕ R¶ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RїSЂRёR№RјRµ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeRё R№ RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RёS‚SЊ RЅRѕRIRёR№, RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SЃRyeR»R°Rg SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ.

RџRѕRyeRё RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ S€SѓRyeR°RI RIRёS…S–Rg S–R· SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S—, RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё S‡R°SЃSѓ RЅRµ RiR°SЏR»Rё. RћR±S€SѓRyeRё S‚R° R°SЂRµS€S‚Rё RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ. R—R° SЂS–R·RЅRёRјRё RgR°RЅRёRјRё, RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј 21-25 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·R°R°SЂRµS€S‚RѕRIR°RЅRѕ RїRѕRЅR°Rg 400 RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅRёS… R°RyeS‚RёRIS–SЃS‚S–RI SЂS–R·RЅRёS… SЂS–RIRЅS–RI.

21 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RIR»R°RgR° RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»R° R»RµRiS–S‚RёRјS–R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё "RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅSѓ RјS–R»S–S†S–SЋ", R·R°SЃRЅSѓRIR°RIS€Rё RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёR№ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёR№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅ. RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅR° RјS–R»S–S†S–SЏ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЋRIR°R»R° RISЃS– SЃS‚SЂR°S‚RµRiS–S‡RЅS– RїSѓRЅRyeS‚Rё Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S–.

R’RЅRѕS‡S– R· RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… SЃRyeR»R°RgS–RI Sѓ RјS–SЃS‚S– R‘SЂRЅRѕ RIRёS—S…R°R»Rё RIR°RЅS‚R°R¶S–RIRyeRё R· RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeR°RјRё S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RѕRgRёRЅRёS†SЊ R·R±SЂRѕS— S‚R° R±RѕS”RїSЂRёRїR°SЃS–RI. RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅR° RјS–R»S–S†S–SЏ RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅR° R±SѓR»R° R±SѓS‚Rё RgRѕR±SЂRµ RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅRѕSЋ.

RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg S–SЃRїRµRyeS‚SѓS” RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»Rё RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё S‚R° RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS— RјS–R»S–S†S–S—
RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg S–SЃRїRµRyeS‚SѓS” RїS–RgSЂRѕR·RgS–R»Rё RgRµSЂR¶R±RµR·RїRµRyeRё S‚R° RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS— RјS–R»S–S†S–S—
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: epochaplus.cz

RњR°SЃRёRIRЅRёR№ S‚RёSЃRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI RЅR°RѕS‡RЅRѕ RїSЂRѕRgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRIR°RI SЃR»R°R±RyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚S–RI S‚R° R±RµR·RїRѕSЂR°RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№. RќR° R·R°S…RёSЃS‚ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–S—, S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕ RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё, SЃS‚R°R»Rё SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚Rё.

23 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ R±R°RiR°S‚RѕS‚RёSЃSЏS‡RЅR° RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI RїSЂRёR№S€R»R° RЅR° RїRѕRgRIS–SЂSЏ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS†S–S—, S‰RѕR± RIRёSЃR»RѕRIRёS‚Rё RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeSѓ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–S— S‚R° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRIS–. R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ R·R°RїRµRIRЅRёRI, S‰Rѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЋS” SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ.

RЎRїSЂR°RIRgS–, RїRѕRјS–S‡RЅRёRyeRё RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° Sѓ SЃRїRѕRiR°RgR°S… RїS–RgRyeSЂRµSЃR»SЋRIR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ S‰Rµ 23 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ R‘RµRЅRµS€ RЅRµ S…RѕS‚S–RI RїSЂRёR№RјR°S‚Rё RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeRё S– RЅR°RјR°RiR°RISЃSЏ RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RёS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµRiRѕRIRѕSЂRё. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RЅR° R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡S– RI RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg RIR¶Rµ RїRѕRiSЂRѕR¶SѓRIR°RI RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЋ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS‚RѕSЂRiRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ.

R—SЂRµS€S‚RѕSЋ R·R°SЏRIRёRI, S‰Rѕ SЏRyeS‰Rѕ R‘RµRЅRµS€ RЅRµ RїS–RgRїRёS€Rµ RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ – RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°Rј "RgRѕRIRµRgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RIR·SЏS‚Rё RIR»R°RgSѓ Sѓ SЃRIRѕS— SЂSѓRyeRё S–RЅS€RёRјRё RјRµS‚RѕRgR°RјRё". RќR°S‚SЏRye R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»RgR°, RїS–Rg S‡RёS—Rј RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕRј RџSЂR°RiSѓ R·R°RїRѕR»RѕRЅRёR»R° RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅR° RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅR° RјS–R»S–S†S–SЏ, R±SѓRI R±S–R»SЊS€ RЅS–R¶ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»RёR№.

R§RµSЂRµR· RgRIR° RgRЅS–, 25 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ, RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RgRѕS‚RёSЃRЅSѓR»Rё RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRµ SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ. RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°RIS€Rё RIRµR»RёRyeRёR№ SЃS‚SЂR°R№Rye RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS–, RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё R·S–R±SЂR°R»Rё SЃRIRѕS—S… RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RI RЅR° S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅS–R№ R’R°S†R»R°RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїR»RѕS‰S–. RќR°RїRѕRiRѕS‚RѕRIS– R±SѓR»Rѕ R№ RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeR° S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅRёS… R°RyeS‚RёRIS–SЃS‚S–RI RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS— RјS–R»S–S†S–S—.

R’RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ, RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeR° S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI RIRёSЂSѓS€RёR»Rё RgRѕ SЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS†S–S— RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R°. R¦SЊRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R·Sѓ RїSЂRѕS…S–Rg RgRѕ RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R“SЂR°RgSѓ R·R°R±R»RѕRyeSѓRIR°R»R° RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅR° RјS–R»S–S†S–SЏ. RќR° RISѓR»RёS†S– RќRµSЂSѓRgRѕRIS–R№, SЏRyeR° RIRµRgRµ RgRѕ SЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS†S–S— RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R°, RIS–RgR±SѓR»RёSЃSЏ SЃSѓS‚RёS‡RyeRё SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI R· RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёRј R°RyeS‚RёRIRѕRј.

RџRѕRѕR±S–RgS– RЅR° R“SЂR°Rg RїSЂRёS—S…R°RI R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg. RџS–SЃR»SЏ RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕS— R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡S–, R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ RїRѕRѕR±S–S†SЏRI R·R°S‚RIRµSЂRgRёS‚Rё RЅRѕRIRёR№ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SЃRyeR»R°Rg SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ.

RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ S‚R° RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg
RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ S‚R° RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: protiproudu.cz

RџRѕRgS–S— R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ SЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS‚SЊ RI RIRёRЅSѓ R•RgRIR°SЂRgSѓ R‘RµRЅRµS€RѕRIS–. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ SЃRѕSЂR°S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR° S‚S– R¶ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂRё, SЏRyeS– RїRѕRgR°R»Rё Sѓ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ, RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ S—S… R·SЂR°RgRёRI. RЎR°Rј R‘RµRЅRµS€ RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI:

"R’RѕRЅRё R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡SѓSЋS‚SЊ RјRµRЅRµ, S‰Rѕ SЏ S—S… RїS–RgRIS–RI. RЇ R¶ R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡SѓSЋ S—S…, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё RїS–RgRIRµR»Rё RјRµRЅRµ Sѓ RIRёSЂS–S€R°R»SЊRЅSѓ RјRёS‚SЊ. RљRѕR»Rё R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg R·R°RїRѕRIRЅRёRI RЎS‚R°SЂRѕRјS”SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeSѓ RїR»RѕS‰Sѓ RyeSЂRѕRIRѕR¶RµSЂR»RёRIRѕSЋ, RgRѕ R·SѓR±S–RI RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅRѕSЋ RјS–R»S–S†S–S”SЋ, SЏ RѕS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ RISЃS– S–RЅS€S– R·R±RµSЂSѓS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° R’R°S†R»R°RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїR»RѕS‰S–. RЇ RЅRµ RјS–Ri SЃRѕR±S– SѓSЏRIRёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S—Rј RЅR°SЃS‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R±SЂR°RyeSѓS” RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅRѕSЃS‚S– S‚R° SЂS–S€SѓS‡RѕSЃS‚S–, RyeRѕR»Rё RЅR°SЃS‚R°RI S‡R°SЃ RgS–SЏS‚Rё.

RЇ RIS–SЂRёRI, S‰Rѕ RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ RЅRµRѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅRёS… SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI RgR°SЃS‚SЊ RїRѕS€S‚RѕRIS… RgR»SЏ R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ. RђR»Rµ RyeRѕR»Rё RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїRѕRIRѕSЂSѓS…RЅSѓRISЃSЏ, SЏ R¶ RЅRµ RјS–Ri RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёS‚Rё, S‰RѕR± R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»RgSЃSЊRyeR° RѕSЂRgR° R·S‡RёRЅRёR»R° RјR°SЃRѕRIRёR№ RјR°SЃR°RyeSЂ RЅR°Rg R±RµR·R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRЅRёRјRё RїSЂR°R¶R°RЅR°RјRё. R‡S…RЅS– RїRѕRiSЂRѕR·Rё RЅRµ RјR°R»Rё R¶RѕRgRЅRёS… RјRµR¶."    

R§Rё RјS–Ri RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RIS‡RёRЅRёS‚Rё S–RЅR°RyeS€Rµ? R RµR°R»SЊRЅR° R·R°RiSЂRѕR·R° RISѓR»RёS‡RЅRёS… RїSЂRѕS‚RёSЃS‚RѕSЏRЅSЊ, RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅR° RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° RјS–R»S–S†S–SЏ RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†SЏS… RџSЂR°RiRё, RїSЂRёRIRёRg SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— RЅR° S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅR°S…, R±SЂR°Rye RјS–S†RЅRёS… SЃRѕSЂR°S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI – S†S– RISЃS– S‡RёRЅRЅRёRyeRё RiSЂR°R»Rё RЅRµ RЅR° SЂSѓRyeSѓ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRIS–.

RќRµ RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RµRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ R·SЂR°R·RyeR° 1920-30-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI R·SѓRјS–RI R±Rё RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјRѕSЋ. RђR»Rµ RI 1948 SЂRѕS†S– RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R±SѓRI SЃS‚R°SЂS–SЋS‡RёRј S– RIR°R¶RyeRѕ S…RIRѕSЂRёRј S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–RyeRѕRј, RgR»SЏ SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚R°RyeS– R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rё RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ RїS–Rg SЃRёR»Sѓ.

R— SЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS†S–S— RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg RIRёSЂSѓS€RёRI RїSЂSЏRјRѕ RI S†RµRЅS‚SЂ RџSЂR°RiRё, RgRµ R№RѕRiRѕ RѕS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR°S‚RѕRIRїRё RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RI. R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚Rѕ RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёRI, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏRI SѓSЃS– RIRёRјRѕRiRё SЃR°RјRµ RI S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ RIRёRiR»SЏRgS–, SЏRye RIRѕRЅRё R±SѓR»Rё SЃS„RѕSЂRјSѓR»SЊRѕRIR°RЅS– RЅRёRј, RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚RѕRј R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»RgRѕRј. RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµR±SЂR°R»Rё RЅR° SЃRµR±Rµ RISЃSЋ RїRѕRIRЅRѕS‚Sѓ RIR»R°RgRё RI RyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg SЃRїRѕRIS–S‰R°S” RїSЂRѕ SЃRIRѕSЋ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiSѓ, 25 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg SЃRїRѕRIS–S‰R°S” RїSЂRѕ SЃRIRѕSЋ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiSѓ, 25 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: radio.cz

R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ RїRѕRјRµSЂ S‡RµSЂRµR· SЃS–Rј RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRµSЂRµRIRѕSЂRѕS‚Sѓ. R’S–RЅ RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ RјR°RI R¶RѕRgRЅRёS… S–R»SЋR·S–R№ S‰RѕRgRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI, SЏRye SЃRIS–RgS‡R°S‚SЊ R№RѕRiRѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– R·R°RїRёSЃRё.

RЈ S‚SЂR°RIRЅS– 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R‘RµRЅRµS€ S‰Rµ SЃRїSЂRѕR±SѓRIR°RI RїSЂRѕS‚RёSЃS‚RѕSЏS‚Rё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°Rј, RyeRѕR»Rё RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёRISЃSЏ RїS–RgRїRёSЃSѓRIR°S‚Rё RЅRѕRISѓ RљRѕRЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–SЋ, SЏRyeR° R·R°RyeSЂS–RїR»SЋRIR°R»R° SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ R»R°Rg RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS–. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RIR¶Rµ S‡RµSЂRµR· RјS–SЃSЏS†SЊ RїRѕRgR°RI Sѓ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ R· RїRѕSЃR°RgRё RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R°.

RЎR°RјRµ S„R°RyeS‚, S‰Rѕ S‰Rµ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RgRµRyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRµSЂRµRIRѕSЂRѕS‚Sѓ R‘RµRЅRµS€ R·R°R»RёS€R°RISЃSЏ RЅR° RїRѕSЃR°RgS–, SЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS‚SЊ R№RѕRјSѓ Sѓ RIRёRЅSѓ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RїR°R»RyeS– RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeRё. RђRgR¶Rµ S‚R°RyeRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј RIS–RЅ R»RµRiS–S‚RёRјS–R·SѓRIR°RI RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RIR»R°RgSѓ.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–RgS…RѕRgSѓ R‘RµRЅRµS€R° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј SЃS‚R°RI SЃR°RјRµ RљR»RµRјRµRЅS‚ R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»Rg. RЇRyeS‰Rѕ R•RgRIR°SЂRg R‘RµRЅRµS€ S…RѕS‚S–RI R·R°RїRѕR±S–RiS‚Rё RЅR°SЃRёR»SЊSЃS‚RISѓ – R№RѕRјSѓ S†Rµ RЅRµ RIRgR°R»RѕSЃSЏ. RќR° R·R»R°RјS– 1940-50-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅR° RIR»R°RgR° RI S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–SЏS… RїS–R·RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ SЃS‚R°R»S–RЅS–R·RјSѓ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёR»R° RIRµR»RёRyeS– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS– SЃSѓRgRё.

R–RµSЂS‚RIR°RјRё SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃS–R№ SЃS‚R°R»Rё RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeRё R№ SЃRѕS‚RЅS– R»SЋRgRµR№. RќR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃ RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 50-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI – S‚.R·RI. "RџSЂRѕS†RµSЃ RЅR°Rg RЎR»R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј". R’ SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚S– SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃR°Rј R SѓRgRѕR»SЊS„ RЎR»R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№, RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RїSЂRёR±S–S‡RЅRёRye R“RѕS‚S‚RIR°R»RgR° S‚R° RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂ RїR°SЂS‚S–S— S‰Rµ RgRѕ 1951 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, R±SѓRI RїRѕRIS–S€RµRЅRёR№ R·R° RIRёSЂRѕRyeRѕRј SЃSѓRgSѓ.

RњS–R»R°RgR° R“RѕSЂR°RyeRѕRIR°
RњS–R»R°RgR° R“RѕSЂR°RyeRѕRIR°
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: echo24.cz

RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RЅRµRјRёR»RѕSЃRµSЂRgRЅRѕ SЂRѕR·RїSЂR°RIR»SЏR»RёSЃSЏ R· "RЅRµRїRѕRyeS–SЂRЅRёRјRё" - RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚RyeR° S‚R° SЋSЂRёSЃS‚RyeR° RњS–R»R°RgR° R“RѕSЂR°RyeRѕRIR°, SЏRye S– RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeRё S–RЅS€RёS…, R±SѓR»R° SЃS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅR° Sѓ 1950 SЂRѕS†S–.

RљSЂR°S—RЅR° RѕRїRёRЅRёR»R°SЃSЏ RїS–Rg S‚RѕS‚R°R»S–S‚R°SЂRЅRёRј RїSЂRµSЃRѕRј RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRµR¶RёRјSѓ. R† RїS–Rg RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёRј RIRёSЂRѕRyeRѕRј R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– SЃS‚RѕSЏRI RїS–RgRїRёSЃ R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R° RIS–Rg 25 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

R“RѕRgRёRЅR° RїR°RїSѓRiRё. R”S–S‚Rё RїRёS€SѓS‚SЊ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅSѓ

R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‡SѓRI, SЏRye S‚SѓS‚ RyeR°R¶SѓS‚SЊ: "RўRѕ S‡RѕSЂS‚ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕSЋ S–RgRµ". RќS–R±RёS‚Rѕ, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RyeRёRЅSѓS‚Rё Sѓ RIRёS…RѕSЂ SЃRѕRyeRёSЂRѕSЋ vЂ” RїRѕS‚RµS‡Rµ RyeSЂRѕRI. R”RёRIRЅS– S‚SѓS‚ R·R°R±RѕR±RѕRЅRё. RЈS‡RѕSЂR° S‚S– "S‡RѕSЂS‚Rё" RIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕRїS–Rg RЅRѕRiR°RјRё S– RїRµSЂRµR±S–RiR°R»Rё RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ R·R±SѓRgR¶RµRЅRёRј S– SѓSЃRјS–S…RЅRµRЅRёRј RyeRѕR»RµRiR°Rј R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. R’S–RЅ R·R°R·RgSЂRёRI S‰R°SЃS‚SЋ RyeRѕR»RµRi, SЏRyeS– RIR¶Rµ RїS–S€R»Rё R·R° RyeRѕR»SЋS‡RёR№ RgSЂS–S‚ S– S‚R°R±S–SЂRЅS– RјSѓSЂRё Sѓ RgR°R»RµRyeRёR№, S€RёSЂRѕRyeRёR№ SЃRIS–S‚.

R‘SЂR°S‚Rё RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeS– S– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg. R§R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° R†

RћRgRЅRёRј S–R· RIR°RiRѕRјRёS… RµRїS–R·RѕRgS–RI Sѓ R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, SЏRye S– RI R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°S‚R° R±R». SЃRIS‰RјS‡. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–SЏ vЂ” RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeR° RќR°SЂRѕRgS–RI RЎRIS–S‚Sѓ, S” S—S…RЅSЏ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRyeSѓ RiR°R»RёS†SЊRyeRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ. R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— S‡RµSЂRїR°S”RјRѕ R·S– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI RѕS‡RµRIRёRgS†S–RI, RџRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI vЂ” SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR° R±SЂR°S‚S–RI, SЏRye S– RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅR° RЅR° RїRѕRiR°S€RµRЅRЅSЏ R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS—RI Sѓ S‚RѕRgS–S€RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS–, S…RѕS‡R° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅR° SЃR°RјRёRј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚RѕRј. RџR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃ Sѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ Rѕ. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–R№ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓRI RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRёR№ V«RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚SѓV» R·R° RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ, RЅR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R°SЃR»SѓRiR°Rј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ Sѓ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ.

R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIR° RgSЂR°RјR° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°

R—R° SЃS‚RѕR»RѕRј RI RyeR°R±S–RЅRµS‚S– RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RЅR° RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R“SЂR°RgS– SЃRёRgS–RI SЃRёRIRёR№ S…RIRѕSЂRёR№ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚Sѓ R•RgRIR°SЂRgRѕRIS– R‘RµRЅRµS€Sѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ 63 SЂRѕRyeRё, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS– S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Rё S– S‚RёSЃRye R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕRїRѕRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI S†S–R»RyeRѕRIRёS‚Rѕ RIRёSЃRЅR°R¶RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ S‰RѕR№RЅRѕ RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RI RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ. R™RѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR°, SЏRyeSѓ RIS–RЅ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЂSѓS‡ R·R°SЃRЅRѕRISѓRIR°RI, R±SѓRgSѓRIR°RI S– R·R° SЏRyeSѓ R±RёRISЃSЏ RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR»S–S‚S‚SЏRјRё, RїSЂRѕRIR°R»SЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RI RјRѕSЂRѕRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂRё. R† RїS–Rg RIRёSЂRѕRyeRѕRј R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– SЃS‚RѕSЏRI R№RѕRiRѕ, R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°, RїS–RgRїRёSЃ. RћRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R„RISЂRѕRїRё RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S–. R–RёRIRёR№ S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RgRЅRёRye

RќS–, RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RЅRµ RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚S–. R’S–RЅ S‚R° R†RIR°RЅ RќRµS‡SѓR№-R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ - RgRIR° RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeRё-RyeR»R°SЃRёRyeRё, S…S‚Rѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ. R† S…RѕS‡R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRјR°RЅ "RGS–R±R° SЂRµRISѓS‚SЊ RIRѕR»Rё, SЏRye SЏSЃR»R° RїRѕRIRЅS–" RIRёRIS‡R°R»Rё RI S€RyeRѕR»S– RISЃS– R±RµR· RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ - RЅRµR°R±RёSЏRyeR° RЅRѕRIRёRЅR°.