30 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1920

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S–. R–RёRIRёR№ S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RgRЅRёRye

RќS–, RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RЅRµ RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚S–. R’S–RЅ S‚R° R†RIR°RЅ RќRµS‡SѓR№-R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ - RgRIR° RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeRё-RyeR»R°SЃRёRyeRё, S…S‚Rѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ. R† S…RѕS‡R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRјR°RЅ "RGS–R±R° SЂRµRISѓS‚SЊ RIRѕR»Rё, SЏRye SЏSЃR»R° RїRѕRIRЅS–" RIRёRIS‡R°R»Rё RI S€RyeRѕR»S– RISЃS– R±RµR· RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ - RЅRµR°R±RёSЏRyeR° RЅRѕRIRёRЅR°.

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S–

"R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓS” S†RµR№ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R» S–R· R»SЋR±SЏR·RЅRѕRiRѕ RgRѕR·RIRѕR»Sѓ R°RIS‚RѕSЂRyeRё S‚R° S–RЅS‚RµSЂRЅRµS‚-RIRёRgR°RЅRЅSЏ "R”S–R»RѕRIR° SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†SЏ".

RњR°R№R¶Rµ R· RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ RџR°RЅR°SЃ RЇRyeRѕRIRёS‡ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ R¶RёRI Sѓ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕRјSѓ R±SѓRgRёRЅRѕS‡RyeSѓ RЅR° RљRѕR±RёS‰R°RЅR°S… - Sѓ RїRµSЂRµRgRјS–SЃS‚S– RџRѕR»S‚R°RIRё, RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI Sѓ RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RyeR°R·RµRЅRЅS–R№ RїR°R»R°S‚S–, S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ RI RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїRѕRgR°S‚RyeRѕRIS–R№ S–RЅSЃRїRµRyeS†S–S—, R±SѓRI RѕRgSЂSѓR¶RµRЅRёR№ S– RIRёS…RѕRISѓRIR°RI S‚SЂSЊRѕS… SЃRёRЅS–RI.

RџRѕRgSЂSѓR¶R¶SЏ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂRё S‚R° RџR°RЅR°SЃR° R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeS–RI
RџRѕRgSЂSѓR¶R¶SЏ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂRё S‚R° RџR°RЅR°SЃR° R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeS–RI

R’S–RЅ RјR°RI RѕSЂRgRµRЅRё SЃRISЏS‚RѕRiRѕ RЎS‚R°RЅS–SЃR»R°RIR°, SЃRISЏS‚RѕS— RђRЅRЅRё RgRѕ R†R† SЃS‚SѓRїRµRЅSЏ, SЃRISЏS‚RѕRiRѕ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° R†V SЃS‚SѓRїRµRЅSЏ, S– 6 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1914 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R№RѕRјSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕR¶R°R»SѓRIR°RЅRѕ S‡RёRЅ RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RgRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЋRIR°R»Rѕ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S‡RёRЅSѓ RI R°SЂRјS–S—. RЈSЃRїS–S€RЅSѓ RyeR°SЂS”SЂSѓ S†R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‡RёRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeR° R№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeR° RїRѕSЂSѓS€RёR»R° RџRµSЂS€R° SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIR° RIS–R№RЅR°.

R¦R°SЂR°S‚ SѓRyeRѕS‚SЂRµ RїRѕS‡R°RI RїRµSЂRµSЃR»S–RgSѓRIR°S‚Rё RgS–SЏS‡S–RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ SЏRye SЃRµRїR°SЂR°S‚RёSЃS‚S–RI S– R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI "R°RISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–RЅS‚SЂRёRiRё". R’RѕSЃRµRЅRё 1915 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R¶R°RЅRgR°SЂRјRµSЂS–SЏ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ SЂRѕR·S€SѓRyeSѓRIR°R»R° RїRѕSЂSѓS‡ R· RђRЅRgSЂS–S”Rј R–SѓRyeRѕRј, R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂRѕRј R’RёRЅRЅRёS‡RµRЅRyeRѕRј, R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂRѕRј R”RѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅRyeRѕRј, R›SЊRIRѕRј R“R°RЅRyeRµRIRёS‡RµRј S– S–RЅS€RёRјRё R»SЋRgRёRЅSѓ, SЏRyeR° S…RѕRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ R·R° RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅS–RјRѕRј.

R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ
RЎS‚R°SЂS€RёR№ SЃRёRЅ R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ

20 R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° RїRѕRјS–S‡RЅRёRye RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeR° RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R¶R°RЅRgR°SЂRјSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RїRёSЃR°RI RyeRѕR±RµR»SЏS†SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїRѕRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕRјSѓ SЃRїSЂR°RIRЅRёRyeRѕRIS–:

"RџRѕ RїRѕR»SѓS‡RµRЅRЅS‹Rј SЃRIRµRgRµRЅRёSЏRј, SѓRїRѕRјSЏRЅSѓS‚S‹R№ RI RѕS‚RЅRѕS€RµRЅRёRё RјRѕRµRј RѕS‚ 13 RЅRѕSЏR±SЂSЏ SЃ. Ri. R·R° v„– 2234 RIRёRgRЅS‹R№ RgRµSЏS‚RµR»SЊ SѓRyeSЂR°RёRЅSЃRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRIRёR¶RµRЅRёSЏ R SѓRgRiR°RЅ, RyeRѕRµRiRѕ RїRѕ S„R°RјRёR»RёRё R°RiRµRЅS‚SѓSЂR° RЅR°R·S‹RIR°RµS‚ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ, R»RёS‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅS‹R№ RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅRёRј "RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅS‹R№" RёR»Rё "RњS‹SЂRЅS‹R№", RЅR°S…RѕRgRёS‚SЃSЏ RI RЅR°SЃS‚RѕSЏS‰RµRµ RISЂRµRјSЏ RiRgRµ-S‚Rѕ RI RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃRyeRѕR№ RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅRёRё Rё R¶RёRIRµS‚ RЅR° RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRј RїRѕR»RѕR¶RµRЅRёRё.

RЎRѕRѕR±S‰R°SЏ RѕR± RёR·R»RѕR¶RµRЅRЅRѕRј, RїSЂRѕS€Sѓ SЂR°SЃRїRѕSЂSЏR¶RµRЅRёSЏ RIR°S€RµRiRѕ Rѕ SЂRѕR·S‹SЃRyeRµ RI RIRIRµSЂRµRЅRЅRѕRј RIR°Rј SЂR°R№RѕRЅRµ RIS‹S€RµRЅR°R·RIR°RЅRЅRѕRiRѕ R»RёS†R° Rё Rѕ RїRѕSЃR»RµRgSѓSЋS‰RµRј RїSЂRѕS€Sѓ RјRµRЅSЏ SѓRIRµRgRѕRјRёS‚SЊ".

RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ
RЎRµSЂRµRgRЅS–R№ SЃRёRЅ RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ

RџRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeSѓ S‚RѕRgS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅRµ RgRѕ R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅRѕS— RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RЎS‚R°SЂS€RѕRiRѕ SЃRёRЅR° R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂR°, R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ SѓR»SЋR±R»RµRЅS†SЏ, RIRёRїSѓSЃRyeRЅRёRyeR° SЋSЂRёRgRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S„R°RyeSѓR»SЊS‚RµS‚Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ, RјRѕR±S–R»S–R·SѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR° S„SЂRѕRЅS‚. 17 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1915 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°Rј RїSЂRёRЅRµSЃR»Rё S‚RµR»RµRiSЂR°RјSѓ: "RЎS‹RЅ R’R°S€ SѓR±RёS‚ 16 7 SѓS‚SЂR°. RўRµR»Rѕ RI RїRѕR»RµRIRѕRј RїRѕRgRIRёR¶RЅRѕRј RiRѕSЃRїRёS‚R°R»Rµ R RѕRIRЅRѕ".

R”R»SЏ S€S–SЃS‚RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёS€RµSЃS‚RёSЂS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RџR°RЅR°SЃR° RЇRyeRѕRIRёS‡R° S†Rµ R±SѓRI SѓRgR°SЂ, RIS–RЅ RgRµRgR°R»S– S‡R°SЃS‚S–S€Rµ RgSѓRјR°S” RїSЂRѕ SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЊ S– RyeSѓRїSѓS” RЅR° S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂS– RI RџRѕR»S‚R°RIS– RѕRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RgRIR° RјS–SЃS†SЏ - RgR»SЏ SЃRµR±Rµ S– RgR»SЏ SЃRёRЅR°. RџSЂRѕ S†Rµ SЃRIS–RgS‡RёS‚SЊ RyeRIRёS‚R°RЅS†S–SЏ: "RџRѕR»SѓS‡RµRЅRѕ R·R° RјRµSЃS‚Rѕ - RgRIR° - RѕS‚RIRµRgRµRЅRЅRѕRµ RЅR° RiR°SЂRЅRёR·RѕRЅRЅRѕRј RIRѕRµRЅRЅRѕRј RyeR»R°RgR±RёS‰Rµ RgR»SЏ RјRѕRiRёR»S‹ SѓRјRµSЂS€RµRiRѕ SЃS‹RЅR° RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂS‰RёRyeR° R’RёRyeS‚RѕSЂR° Rё RgR»SЏ RЅRµRiRѕ".

RЎRµSЂRµRgSѓR»SЊS€RёR№ RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ, SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚ R’R°SЂS€R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»S–S‚RµS…RЅS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ, S‚RµR¶ RїRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRёRISЃSЏ RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»SЊS†RµRј RЅR° S„SЂRѕRЅS‚, S– Sѓ SЃRyeR»R°RgS– R“SЂSЏR·RѕRIRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ 296-RiRѕ RїS–S…RѕS‚RЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RyeSѓ RgRѕSЃR»SѓR¶RёRISЃSЏ RgRѕ RѕS„S–S†RµSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‡RёRЅSѓ.

R©Rµ RЅR° RїRµSЂS€RѕRјSѓ RyeSѓSЂSЃS– RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RѕRgSЂSѓR¶RёRISЃSЏ, S‚RѕR¶ S‚RµRїRµSЂ SЃS‚R°SЂRёR№ RџR°RЅR°SЃ RЇRyeRѕRIRёS‡ RgR±R°RI S– RїSЂRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅSѓ. RќR°R№RјRµRЅS€RёR№ SЃRёRЅ R›RµRѕRЅS–Rg RЅR°RIS‡R°RISЃSЏ RI RiS–RјRЅR°R·S–S— S– RјSЂS–SЏRI RїSЂRѕ RyeR°SЂS”SЂSѓ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ. RЈ RyeR»RѕRїRѕS‚R°S… RїRѕ RgRѕRјSѓ R№ RЅR° SЃR»SѓR¶R±S–, S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±R°S… S– RgRѕR±SѓRIR°RЅRЅS– RiSЂRѕS€RµR№ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rё S‚SЂRё SЂRѕRyeRё RIS–R№RЅRё.

R›RµRѕRЅS–Rg R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ
RњRѕR»RѕRgS€RёR№ SЃRёRЅ R›RµRѕRЅS–Rg R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ

RЈRЅRѕS‡S– RїSЂRѕS‚Rё 28 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1917-RiRѕ R·R°R»S–R·RЅRёS‡RЅRёR№ S‚RµR»RµRiSЂR°S„ RїSЂRёRЅS–SЃ Sѓ RџRѕR»S‚R°RISѓ R·RIS–SЃS‚RyeSѓ RїSЂRѕ R·SЂRµS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ S†R°SЂSЏ RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё R†R†.

R”Rѕ RњRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ R·SѓSЃS–R±S–S‡ RїRѕSЃRёRїR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕRїRѕR·RёS†S–S— RIRёRgR°S‚Rё R№RѕRiRѕ S‚RIRѕSЂRё. R”Rѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ R·RIRµSЂS‚R°R»RёSЃSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SЂSѓSЃSЊRyeR° SЃRїS–R»RyeR°, RyeR°S‚RµSЂRёRЅRѕSЃR»R°RISЃSЊRyeRµ RIRёRgR°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ "RЎS–SЏS‡", RџRѕRgS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅR° SѓRїSЂR°RIR°, RyeRёS—RISЃSЊRyeS– RIRёRgR°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR° "RљSЂRёRЅRёS†SЏ" S– "R§R°SЃ", RЇRyeS–RI RћSЂRµRЅS€S‚R°R№RЅ S–R· R›SЏR№RїS†S–RiR°, R’SЃRµSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕRѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRёR№ RIRёRgR°RIRЅRёS‡RёR№ SЃRѕSЋR·, RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeR° SЃRїS–R»RyeR° SЃRїRѕR¶RёRIS‡RёS… S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RI, "R›S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅRѕ-RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёR№ RIS–SЃRЅRёRye". RџRѕS‰R°SЃS‚RёR»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–Rј RgRIRѕRј.

RўRёRј S‡R°SЃRѕRј RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ SѓR·SЏRISЃSЏ RgR°R»S– RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgR°S‚Rё "RћSЂR»RµR°RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RgS–RISѓ" R¤SЂS–RgSЂS–S…R° RЁS–R»R»RµSЂR°, SЏRyeSѓ RїRѕS‡R°RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— 1905-1907 SЂRѕRyeS–RI. R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIRёR№ RїRµSЂRµRIRѕSЂRѕS‚ RIS–RЅ SЃRїSЂRёR№RЅSЏRI SЏRye RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RїRµSЂS€RѕS— SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—.

Rђ RI R¶RёS‚S‚S– RџR°RЅR°SЃ RЇRyeRѕRIRёS‡ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ - SЃS‚R°SЂR° S…RIRѕSЂR° R»SЋRgRёRЅR°, RѕR±S‚SЏR¶RµRЅR° SЂRѕRgRёRЅRѕSЋ, RїRѕR±SѓS‚RѕRј, RgRѕSЂRѕR¶RЅRµS‡RµSЋ S– SЂRѕR·SЂSѓS…RѕSЋ. R—R°RiRѕSЃS‚SЂRёR»R°SЃSЏ S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±R° RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRё RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂRё RњRёS…R°R№R»S–RIRЅRё, Sѓ RyeRIS–S‚RЅS–-S‚SЂR°RIRЅS– RїRµSЂRµS…RIRѕSЂS–RI S– SЃR°Rј RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRye.

11 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RљRёS”RIS– RїRѕRјRµSЂ R№RѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°S‚ R›SѓRyeR° RЇRyeRѕRIRёS‡. RќR° R»S–S‚Rѕ RgRѕ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeS–RI RїSЂRёS—S…R°R»Rё RїR»RµRјS–RЅRЅRёS†S– R· RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё, RgRѕRЅSЊRyeRё R†RIR°RЅR° RЇRyeRѕRIRёS‡R° R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeR°, RyeRѕS‚SЂRёR№ R±SѓRI SЃRїS–RIR°RIS‚RѕSЂRѕRј R±SЂR°S‚R° RїS–Rg RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅS–RјRѕRј R‘S–R»RёRye. R‡Rј S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–RgS—R·RgSѓ RЅR°RgSЃRёR»R°R»Rё Sѓ RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅSЋ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†SЋ RїRѕSЃRёR»RyeRё R· RїSЂRѕRIS–R·S–S”SЋ.

R–RѕRIS‚RЅRµRIRёR№ RїRµSЂRµRIRѕSЂRѕS‚ S– RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂSЃSЊRyeSѓ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RЅRµ SЃRїSЂRёR№RЅSЏRI. RњR°SЂRyeSЃRёR·Rј RgR»SЏ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ, RIS–RgRgR°RЅRѕRiRѕ S–RgRµSЏRј RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS†S‚RIR° RgSЂSѓRiRѕS— RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅRё RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ, R±SѓRI R°R±SЃRѕR»SЋS‚RЅRѕ S‡SѓR¶RёR№ S– RЅRµR·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»RёR№.

RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RјSЂS–SЏRI RїSЂRѕ SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅSѓ R№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚R° R±SЂR°S‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIRѕ, R°R»Rµ RЅRµ SѓSЏRIR»SЏRI, SЏRyeRёRјRё S€R»SЏS…R°RјRё RgRѕ RЅRёS… S–S‚Rё. R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ RЅS–RiS–R»S–R·Rј R№RѕRјSѓ RЅRµ S–RјRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI, SЏRye SЃRIS–RgS‡RёS‚SЊ RIS–SЂS€ "R”Rѕ RIRѕR»S–" (1917):



RўR° R·RЅRёS‰RёS‚Rё RISЃRµ R·R°S…RѕS‚S–R»Rё,

R©Rѕ RЅR°R¶RёRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RIS–RyeR°RјRё,
R©Rѕ R·RgRѕR±SѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЊ RyeSЂRѕRISЋ R№ RїRѕS‚RѕRј
R† R· RїSЂRёRјSѓSЃSѓ S– RїRѕ RѕS…RѕS‚S–
R”S–RgR°RјRё RЅR°S€RёRјRё R№ R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°RјRё.
R‘Rѕ S‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RgRѕR±SЂRѕ "R±SѓSЂR¶SѓR№RЅRµ",
Rђ RјRё SѓSЃS– SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚Rё...



RџS–SЃR»SЏ R¶RѕRIS‚RЅRµRIRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂRµRIRѕSЂRѕS‚Sѓ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– RIR»R°RgR° RI RџRѕR»S‚R°RIS– RїRµSЂRµR№S€R»R° RgRѕ R R°RgRё SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—, RyeSѓRgRё RIS…RѕRgRёR»Rё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… S‚RµS‡S–R№. R§RµSЂRµR· RјS–SЃSЏS†SЊ RїRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeSѓ R R°RgSѓ SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RёS… S– SЃRµR»SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚S–RI SЂRѕR·S–RiRЅR°R»Rё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё.

R©Rµ S‡RµSЂRµR· RјS–SЃSЏS†SЊ RџRѕR»S‚R°RISѓ R·R°S…RѕRїRёR»R° R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅR° R°SЂRјS–SЏ S– RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»R° R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeSѓ RIR»R°RgSѓ. R§RµSЂRµR· RgRIR° RјS–SЃSЏS†S– RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ RѕRyeSѓRїSѓRIR°R»Rё RЅS–RјS†S– S– S‚SЂRёRјR°R»RёSЃSЏ S‚SѓS‚ R°R¶ RgRѕ RyeS–RЅS†SЏ R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR°, RyeRѕR»Rё RI RџRѕR»S‚R°RISѓ RISЃS‚SѓRїRёR»Rё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° R”RёSЂRµRyeS‚RѕSЂS–S—.

RЈ SЃS–S‡RЅS– 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S—S… RЅR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RgRЅS–RI RIRёR±RёR»Rё RїR°SЂS‚RёR·R°RЅRё. 18 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ RI RџRѕR»S‚R°RISѓ RISЃS‚SѓRїRёR»R° R°SЂRјS–SЏ RЎRёRјRѕRЅR° RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё, R° RIR¶Rµ RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ R·RЅRѕRISѓ R·R°S…RѕRїRёR»R° R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅR° R°SЂRјS–SЏ. 29 R»RёRїRЅSЏ RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ RgRµRЅS–RyeS–RЅS‰RёRЅR° S– S‚SЂRёRIR°R»R° R°R¶ RgRѕ RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ R·RёRјRё: 10 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RјS–SЃS‚S– RIS‡RµSЂRiRѕRIRµ RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»R°SЃSЏ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR°.

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ R· RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRѕSЋ S‚R° RgS–S‚SЊRјRё. RљS–RЅRµS†SЊ RGR†RG -RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye RGRG SЃS‚.
RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ R· RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRѕSЋ S‚R° RgS–S‚SЊRјRё. RљS–RЅRµS†SЊ RGR†RG -RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye RGRG SЃS‚.

R‘SѓSЂS…R»RёRIS– RїRѕRgS–S— SЃS‚SЂSѓSЃRЅSѓR»Rё S– SЂRѕRgRёRЅSѓ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeS–RI. RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ S‡RµSЂRµR· S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Sѓ RIRёR±SѓRI R· R°SЂRјS–S—, RIR»R°S€S‚SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ RgS–R»RѕRIRѕRgRѕRј S– RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RёRI RЅR°RIS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ RI RљR°S‚RµSЂRёRЅRѕSЃR»R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RiS–SЂRЅRёS‡RѕRјSѓ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚S–. RЈ RiSЂSѓRgRЅS– 1918-RiRѕ Sѓ RЅRёS… RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ SЃRёRЅ, SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°R·RIR°R»Rё R®SЂS–S”Rј.

RќRµRIS–SЃS‚RyeR° R· RѕRЅSѓRyeRѕRј R¶RёR»Rё RI SЂRѕRgRёRЅS– SЃRIRµRyeSЂS–RI. RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RISЃS‚SѓRїRёRI Sѓ R”RѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»SЊS‡Sѓ R°SЂRјS–SЋ R”RµRЅS–RyeS–RЅR°. RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RiSЂRѕRјSѓ "R’RѕRѕSЂSѓR¶RµRЅRЅS‹S… SЃRёR» R®RiR° R RѕSЃSЃRёRё" RIS–RЅ R·RЅRёRye, R· R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕRј RIRѕRЅRё RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ RїRѕR±R°S‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ.

RќR°R№RјRµRЅS€RёR№ R›RµRѕRЅS–Rg RISЃS‚SѓRїRёRI RgRѕ RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R°SЂS‚RёR»RµSЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓS‡RёR»RёS‰R°, S‚RµR¶ S…RѕS‚S–RI S–S‚Rё RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»SЊS†RµRј RЅR° S„SЂRѕRЅS‚. R‘R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ RЅRµ SЃS…RIR°R»SЋRIR°RI R№RѕRiRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRISѓ RyeR°SЂS”SЂSѓ S– RїRёSЃR°RI Sѓ S‡RµSЂRIRЅS– 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ:

"R’RѕRµRЅRЅR°SЏ SЃR»SѓR¶R±R° RїRѕR»RЅR° RISЃSЏS‡RµSЃRyeRёS… RЅRµRIR·RiRѕRg Rё R»RёS€RµRЅRёR№ Rё SѓRgRѕRIR»RµS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅSЊSЏ RgSѓS…RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RgR°S‚SЊ RЅRµ RјRѕR¶RµS‚. RџRѕRgSѓRјR°R№ RѕR± R·S‚RѕRј S…RѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅSЊRyeRѕ RgR° Rё RїRѕSЃS‚R°SЂR°R№SЃSЏ RїRѕRyeRѕRЅS‡RёS‚SЊ SЃ RIRѕRµRЅRЅS‹RјRё RїRѕR±SЂSЏRyeSѓS€RyeR°RјRё R·R°SЂR°RЅRµRµ, S‡S‚RѕR±S‹ RЅRµ S‚RµSЂSЏS‚SЊ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRiRѕ RISЂRµRјRµRЅRё RgR»SЏ RїSЂRёRѕR±SЂRµS‚RµRЅRёSЏ RЅRµRѕR±S…RѕRgRёRјS‹S… R·RЅR°RЅRёR№ SЃ S†RµR»SЊSЋ SЃRgRµR»R°S‚SЊ RёR· SЃRµR±SЏ RїRѕR»RµR·RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R±RѕS‚RЅRёRyeR° RgR»SЏ RyeSЂR°SЏ".

RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1918-RiRѕ SѓS‡RёR»RёS‰Rµ SЂRѕR·RїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё. R›RµRѕRЅS–Rg, RЅR° RїSЂRѕS‚RёRIR°RiSѓ R±SЂR°S‚RѕRIS–, RIRёR±SЂR°RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅSѓ R RµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓ S– RїS–S€RѕRI RI R°SЂRјS–SЋ RЎRёRјRѕRЅR° RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂRё. R’S–RЅ R·R°RiRёRЅSѓRI Sѓ RyeRIS–S‚RЅS– 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RgRµSЃSЊ RЅR° R„R»RёSЃR°RIRµS‚RiSЂR°RgS‰RёRЅS–, RgRѕSЃS‚RµRјRµRЅRЅRѕ S‚R°Rye RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ R№ RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјRѕ.



R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂ RџR°RЅR°SЃRѕRIRёS‡ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ RIS–RgRgR°RI R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ "R·R° RIRµSЂSѓ, S†R°SЂSЏ Rё RћS‚RµS‡RµSЃS‚RIRѕ". R›RµRѕRЅS–Rg RџR°RЅR°SЃRѕRIRёS‡ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ RїRѕR»S–Ri R·R° SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ. RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RџR°RЅR°SЃRѕRIRёS‡ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ RIS–RgSЃS‚SѓRїRёRI S–R· RgRµRЅS–RyeS–RЅS†SЏRјRё, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј Sѓ RIRёSЂS– RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё RїSЂRёS”RgRЅR°RISЃSЏ RgRѕ R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡Rµ-SЃRµR»SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— S– RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RI RџRѕR»S‚R°RISѓ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRѕRј SѓR¶Rµ RїRѕ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°.

RЈSЃS– S†S– SЂRѕRyeRё RiRѕR»RѕRg, S…RѕR»RѕRg S– RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅS– S‚SЂSѓRgRЅRѕS‰S– R·S—RgR°R»Rё S‡R°SЃ S– SЃRёR»Rё RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeR°. RќR° R’S–RyeS–RїRµRgS–S— RїRµSЂRµRїRёSЃR°R»Rё RyeSЂR°SЃRёRISѓ S„SЂR°R·Sѓ R· SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїS–RgSЂSѓS‡RЅRёRyeS–RI: "RџS–SЃR»SЏ RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RњRёSЂRЅRёR№, RЅRµR·RIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё RЅR° SЃRIS–R№ RїRѕS…RёR»RёR№ RIS–Rye, S–RgRµ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚Rё Sѓ RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiSѓR±S„S–RЅRIS–RgRgS–R»".

RџRѕSЃR°RgR° R№RѕRiRѕ S‚RµRїRµSЂ RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RїRѕ-RЅRѕRIRѕRјSѓ - R·R°RIS–RgSѓSЋS‡RёR№ II RIS–RgRgS–R»RѕRј RїS–RgRIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ R±RµR·RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–S… RїRѕRgR°S‚RyeS–RI RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ. RќR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– SЃS‚R°SЂRѕRјSѓ R№ S…RIRѕSЂRѕRјSѓ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–RyeRѕRIS– RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R·R°R»RёS€R°R»RѕSЃSЏ, R°RgR¶Rµ S‚SЂRµR±R° R±SѓR»Rѕ SѓS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°S‚Rё SЃS–RјSЋ - SЃRµR±Rµ, RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅSѓ S– RЅRµRIS–SЃS‚RyeSѓ R· RѕRЅSѓRyeRѕRј-RЅRµRјRѕRIR»SЏRј.

RџRѕR»S‚R°RIR°. R“SѓR±RµSЂRЅR°S‚RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓRgRёRЅRѕRye
RџRѕR»S‚R°RIR°. R“SѓR±RµSЂRЅR°S‚RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓRgRёRЅRѕRye

R— RљRѕR±RёS‰R°RЅ RgRѕ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ RјS–SЃS‚R°, RgRµ RЅR° RљSЂSѓRiR»S–R№ RїR»RѕS‰S– RјS–SЃS‚RёR»RёSЃSЏ RISЃS– RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅSЃSЊRyeS– "RїSЂS–SЃSѓS‚SЃS‚RIS–SЏ", RgRѕRIRѕRgRёR»RѕSЃSЏ RI R±SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeSѓ RїRѕRiRѕRgSѓ S…RѕRgRёS‚Rё RїS–S€RyeRё, R±Rѕ RyeRѕRЅSЏ RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂR° RњRёS…R°R№R»S–RIRЅR° RїRёSЃR°R»R° SЃRёRЅRѕRIS– 20 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ: "Rђ SЃRµRiRѕRgRЅSЏ SѓR¶Rµ RѕSЃRµRЅSЊ, S…RѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕ Rё RIRµS‚RµSЂ, RїR°RїRµ RёRgS‚Rё R±SѓRgRµS‚ S‚SЏR¶RµR»Rѕ. R’SЂRµRјSЏ RgSѓSЂR°S†RyeRѕRµ, RЅSѓR¶RЅRѕ R±S‹ RµRјSѓ SѓR¶Rµ RIS‹R№S‚Rё RI RѕS‚SЃS‚R°RIRyeSѓ, S‚R°Rye S‚R°RyeR°SЏ R¶ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRIRёR·RЅR°, S‡S‚Rѕ RyeRѕRЅS†S‹ SЃ RyeRѕRЅS†R°RјRё RЅRµ SЃRIRѕRgRёRј, RISЃRµ SЃ RgRµS„RёS†RёS‚RѕRј".

R”Rѕ RЅRµSЃS‚R°S‚RyeS–RI RgRѕR»SѓS‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Rё SЏRye RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye S‚SЂRёRIR°R»RёS… RїRѕS…RѕRgS–RI Sѓ RЅRµRiRѕRgSѓ. 17 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅR° R±S–RgRyeR°R»R°SЃSЏ RI R»RёSЃS‚S– RgRѕ RЅR°R№RјRµRЅS€RѕRiRѕ R›RµRѕRЅS–RgR°: "RЈ RЅR°SЃ RїRѕSЃS‚RѕSЏRЅRЅRѕ RyeS‚Rѕ-RЅRёR±SѓRgSЊ RgR° R±RѕR»SЊRЅRѕR№: SЏ RISЃS‚R°R»R° - RїR°RїR° SЃR»RµRi, RgR° S‰Rµ SЃ RIS‹SЃRѕRyeRѕR№ S‚RµRјRїRµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRѕR№ 39".



R§RµSЂRµR· RїS–RISЂRѕRyeSѓ RIR¶Rµ R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ SЃS‚RѕRјR»RµRЅRѕ R·S–R·RЅR°RIR°RISЃSЏ RњRёS…R°R№R»RѕRIS–: "R—RgRѕSЂRѕRISЊRµ RјRѕRµ RїRѕ-RїSЂRµR¶RЅRµRјSѓ RЅRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ: RyeR°S€RµR»SЊ, R»RёS…RѕSЂR°RgRёS‚, - RgS–R»RёRISЃSЏ RIS–RЅ SЃRIRѕS—RјRё S‚SЂSѓRgRЅRѕS‰R°RјRё R· SЃRёRЅRѕRј RњRёS…R°R№R»RѕRј RI R»RёSЃS‚S– RIS–Rg 26 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1919 SЂ. - RќRѕ SЏ RїSЂRѕRgRѕR»R¶R°SЋ S…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ RЅR° SЃR»SѓR¶R±Sѓ, RїSЂR°RIRgR°, RµR»Rµ RgRѕRїR°R»R·S‹RIR°SЋ S‚SѓRgR° Rё RѕR±SЂR°S‚RЅRѕ. R’SЃRµ R¶Rµ RЅR° RЅRѕRiR°S…. R”R° RёRЅR°S‡Rµ Rё RЅRµR»SЊR·SЏ: RЅSѓR¶RЅRѕ S‚Rѕ RёR»Rё RgSЂSѓRiRѕRµ SЃRgRµR»R°S‚SЊ".

RЈ SЃRµSЂRїRЅS– 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RџR°RЅR°SЃ RЇRyeRѕRIRёS‡ SЃRyeR°SЂR¶RёRISЃSЏ RyeRёSЏRЅR°Rј RЅR° "RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRISѓ RgRѕSЂRѕR¶RЅRµS‡Sѓ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ; R° S‚Rѕ SЏRye RЅRµ R·RISѓR¶SѓS”S€ SЃRIRѕS— RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±Rё, R° S–RЅRѕRgS– RgRѕRIRѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚SЂRѕS…Rё RЅRµ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓRIR°S‚Rё". R†RЅS€RёRј SЂR°R·RѕRј: "RўRµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЏ RgRѕSЂRѕR¶RЅRµS‡R° S‚R°Rye RgRѕR№RјR°S”, S‰Rѕ R»RµRgRIRµ RgRѕRIRѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ SЃSЏRye-S‚R°Rye RїSЂRѕR¶RёS‚Rё, R° RѕS‚ SЃRёRЅRѕRIS–, S‰Rѕ SѓS‡RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RљR°S‚RµSЂRёRЅRѕSЃR»R°RIS– RI R“RѕSЂRЅRѕRјSѓ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚S–, RЅR° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiSѓ R№ RЅRµ RIRёSЃS‚R°S‡R°S”".

R©RѕR± RѕRїR°R»SЋRIR°S‚Rё R±SѓRgRёRЅRѕRye, RgRѕRIRѕRgRёR»RѕSЃSЏ SЃR°RјRѕS‚SѓR¶RyeRё R·R±RёSЂR°S‚Rё RgSЂRѕRIR°. "RџRѕRyeR° RѕR±S…RѕRgRёRјSЃSЏ SЃR±RѕSЂRѕRј RIR°R»RµR¶RЅRёRyeR° RїRѕ SЃR°RgSѓ RI RЅR°RgRµR¶RgRµ, S‡S‚Rѕ RyeS‚Rѕ-R»RёR±Rѕ RЅR°R№RgRµS‚SЃSЏ S‚R°RyeRѕR№, S‡S‚Rѕ RyeRѕRiRgR°-R»RёR±Rѕ Rё RgSЂRѕRI RЅR°SЂSѓR±RёS‚", - RїRёSЃR°RI RIS–RЅ SЃRёRЅRѕRIS–.

R”SЂSѓR¶RёRЅR° RџR°RЅR°SЃR° RњRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂR° R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ Sѓ SЃRIRѕS”RјSѓ R±SѓRgRёRЅRyeSѓ. 1930-S‚S– SЂRѕRyeRё
R”SЂSѓR¶RёRЅR° RџR°RЅR°SЃR° RњRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂR° R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ Sѓ SЃRIRѕS”RјSѓ R±SѓRgRёRЅRyeSѓ. 1930-S‚S– SЂRѕRyeRё

RўRёRј S‡R°SЃRѕRј RgRѕRIRyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚RѕR»SЋRg T‘R°RI RЅRµ R»RѕRIRёRI S– RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёRI SЂRµRyeRIS–R·RёS†S–S— - RIRёSЂSѓR±SѓRIR°R»Rё SЃR°Rg, SЂRѕR·R±RёSЂR°R»Rё RѕRiRѕSЂRѕR¶Sѓ. 4 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј 20 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃS‚R°SЂRёR№ R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ RїRѕRgR°RIR°RI R·R°SЏRIRё RI RјS–R»S–S†S–SЋ S–R· SЃRyeR°SЂRiR°RјRё RЅR° RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRISѓ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅSѓ SЃSѓSЃS–RgRyeSѓ R›SЋR±RyeSѓ R· R»SЋRјRїRµRЅ-RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂS–RI.

R† RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRg SѓSЃSЊRѕRiRѕ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ, SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ R№ RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R±RµR·R»R°RgSѓ RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓRIR°RI RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚Rё. R”S–R·RЅR°RIS€RёSЃSЊ RїSЂRѕ S‚SЂSѓRgRЅRѕS‰S– "R›S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅRѕ-RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RIS–SЃRЅRёRyeR°" R· RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»R°RјRё RgR»SЏ RgSЂSѓRyeSѓ, RIS–RЅ RЅR°RgS–SЃR»R°RI S—Rј RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂSѓRyeRѕRїRёSЃS–RI.

R— R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R» RgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°RI RїRѕ S‡RµSЂR·S– RїRѕRIS–SЃS‚SЊ "R—R° RIRѕRgRѕSЋ", S‚SЂRµS‚SЋ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅSѓ "RџRѕRIS–S—" S– RgSЂR°RјSѓ "RќRµ RIRiR°S€R°R№ RgSѓS…Sѓ!". RўRѕRiRѕ R¶ S‚R°RyeRё SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ RIRёRgR°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIS– RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃRїS–R»RyeRё SЃRїRѕR¶RёRIS‡RёS… S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RI RIRёR№S€R»R° RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕSЋ RyeRЅRёR¶RyeRѕSЋ R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕRIS–SЃS‚SЊ "RўRѕRIR°SЂRёS€S–" ("R›RёS…S– R»SЋRgRё").



RўR° RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RI S†RµR№ S‡R°SЃ RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RgR»SЏ RgS–S‚RµR№, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR° RI R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕRјSѓ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RџRѕR»S‚R°RIS– RIRёRgR°RIRЅRёS‡RѕRјSѓ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIS– "R—S–SЂRyeR°", SЏRyeR° RїRѕS‡R°R»R° RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S–R· RIRёRgR°RЅRЅSЏ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RyeR°R·RѕRye, R·S–R±SЂR°RЅRёS… R†. RЇ. S‚R° Rџ. RЇ. R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeR°RјRё".

R”R»SЏ "R—S–SЂRyeRё" RIS–RЅ RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RI RgRёS‚SЏS‡Sѓ RїS”SЃSѓ RџRѕR»S–RyeSЃRµRЅRё RЎRѕR»RѕRIR№RѕRIRѕS— "R¦R°SЂS–RIRЅR° RџRѕR»SѓRЅRёS‡RyeR°", RIS–RgSЂRµRgR°RiSѓRIR°RI RїS”SЃSѓ R›RµSЃS– RљSѓS‰RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— "RЎRёSЂS–S‚RyeR°", S‚RµR°S‚SЂR°R»S–R·RѕRIR°RЅSѓ S€RyeS–R»SЊRЅSѓ RyeRѕRјRїRѕR·RёS†S–SЋ RgRѕ SЋRIS–R»RµSЋ RљRѕS‚R»SЏSЂRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ "R‘R°S‚SЊRyeRѕRIRµ SЃRISЏS‚Rѕ", RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgRё RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°RЅSЊ RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeR° R•SЂRЅRµSЃS‚R° RЎRµS‚RѕRЅR°-RўRѕRјRїSЃRѕRЅR° "RЎS–SЂRёR№ RIRµRgRјS–RgSЊ R’R°R±", "R’S–RЅRЅS–RїRµR·SЊRyeRёR№ RIRѕRIRye", "RЎRїSЂRёRЅRiS„S–R»SЊRgSЃSЊRyeR° R»RёSЃRёS†SЏ", RyeRЅRёR¶RyeSѓ RљR°SЂR»R° R•RIR°R»SЊRgR° "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RgRIRѕRЅRѕRiRѕRiRѕ. RЇRye R»SЋRgRёRЅR° RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiR»R° RїSЂRёSЂRѕRgSѓ".

RџRѕR»S‚R°RIR°. RЎRѕR±RѕSЂRЅR° RїR»RѕS‰R°
RџRѕR»S‚R°RIR°. RЎRѕR±RѕSЂRЅR° RїR»RѕS‰R°

R—SЏRIR»SЏRISЃSЏ RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ S– RЅR° RїSѓR±R»S–S‡RЅRёS… RїRѕRgS–SЏS… Sѓ RџRѕR»S‚R°RIS–: R±SЂR°RI SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ SЏRye RiS–SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕRIS–S‚RѕRIS–R№ RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— SѓS‡RёS‚RµR»S–RI RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRIS–S‚Sѓ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RgRµRЅS–RyeS–RЅS‰RёRЅRё, 12 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїR°RI RЅR° SЃRISЏS‚S– R· RЅR°RiRѕRgRё 150-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ R· RgRЅSЏ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RљRѕS‚R»SЏSЂRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ - S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS” RїSЂRёR»SЋRgRЅRµ SЃR»RѕRIRѕ.

19 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1920 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RџR°RЅR°SЃ RЇRyeRѕRIRёS‡ RїSЂRёR№S€RѕRI R·S– SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё, RїRѕRIRµS‡RµSЂSЏRI S–R· SЂRѕRgRёRЅRѕSЋ R№ R»S–Ri SЃRїR°S‚Rё. RџS–Rg SЂR°RЅRѕRye RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅR° RїRѕS‡SѓR»R° RiSѓSЂRyeS–S‚, RyeRёRЅSѓR»R°SЃSЏ RgRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S– R·RЅR°R№S€R»R° RЅR° RїS–RgR»RѕR·S– RЅRµRїSЂRёS‚RѕRјRЅRёRј. R—RµRјSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R»S–RyeR°SЂ RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚R°S‚SѓRIR°RI S–RЅSЃSѓR»SЊS‚ - RyeSЂRѕRIRѕRIRёR»RёRI Sѓ RјRѕR·RѕRye. RџRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRye RїRѕRјRµSЂ RјRѕSЂRѕR·RЅRѕRiRѕ 28 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1920 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

RџRѕR»S‚R°RISЃSЊRyeS– RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeS– RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— SѓS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ RgR»SЏ RIR»R°S€S‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅSѓ. RGRѕRIR°R»Rё RџR°RЅR°SЃ RЇRyeRѕRIRёS‡R° R SѓRgS‡RµRЅRyeR° 30 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ. RџSЂRѕRIRµSЃS‚Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RI RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЋ RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S– RїRѕR»S‚R°RIS†S–RI.

RџRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅ RџR°RЅR°SЃR° RњRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ 30 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1920 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
RџRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅ RџR°RЅR°SЃR° RњRёSЂRЅRѕRiRѕ 30 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1920 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

R’S–Rg SЃRѕR±RѕSЂRЅRѕS— RЈSЃRїRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S†RµSЂRyeRIRё RgRѕ RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰R° R·R° SЃS‚R°SЂRѕRIRёRЅRЅRёRј R·RIRёS‡R°S”Rј S‚SЂSѓRЅSѓ RїS–Rg S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕSЋ RyeRёS‚R°R№RyeRѕSЋ S– RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё RIRµR·R»Rё RЅR° SЃR°RЅSЏS… RgRIRѕRјR° RїR°SЂR°RјRё RIRѕR»S–RI. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ S…RѕSЂ SЃRїS–RIR°RI R¶R°R»S–R±RЅRёS… RїS–SЃRµRЅSЊ. RџRѕS…RѕRIR°R»Rё RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeR° RїRѕSЂSѓS‡ S–R· SЃRёRЅRѕRј.

R’ RѕSЃRѕR±RѕRIS–R№ SЃRїSЂR°RIS– RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeR°, RyeR»R°SЃRёRyeR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRё R·R° 57 SЂRѕRyeS–RI SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ R·SЏRIRёRISЃSЏ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ - RїSЂRѕ RIRёR±SѓS‚S‚SЏ R№RѕRiRѕ R· S‡RёSЃR»R° SЃR»SѓR¶R±RѕRIS†S–RI Sѓ R·RISЏR·RyeSѓ R·S– SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЋ.

R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIR° RgSЂR°RјR° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°

R—R° SЃS‚RѕR»RѕRј RI RyeR°R±S–RЅRµS‚S– RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RЅR° RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R“SЂR°RgS– SЃRёRgS–RI SЃRёRIRёR№ S…RIRѕSЂRёR№ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚Sѓ R•RgRIR°SЂRgRѕRIS– R‘RµRЅRµS€Sѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ 63 SЂRѕRyeRё, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS– S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Rё S– S‚RёSЃRye R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕRїRѕRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI S†S–R»RyeRѕRIRёS‚Rѕ RIRёSЃRЅR°R¶RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ S‰RѕR№RЅRѕ RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RI RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ. R™RѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR°, SЏRyeSѓ RIS–RЅ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЂSѓS‡ R·R°SЃRЅRѕRISѓRIR°RI, R±SѓRgSѓRIR°RI S– R·R° SЏRyeSѓ R±RёRISЃSЏ RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR»S–S‚S‚SЏRјRё, RїSЂRѕRIR°R»SЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RI RјRѕSЂRѕRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂRё. R† RїS–Rg RIRёSЂRѕRyeRѕRј R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– SЃS‚RѕSЏRI R№RѕRiRѕ, R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°, RїS–RgRїRёSЃ. RћRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R„RISЂRѕRїRё RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S–. R–RёRIRёR№ S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RgRЅRёRye

RќS–, RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RЅRµ RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚S–. R’S–RЅ S‚R° R†RIR°RЅ RќRµS‡SѓR№-R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ - RgRIR° RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeRё-RyeR»R°SЃRёRyeRё, S…S‚Rѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ. R† S…RѕS‡R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRјR°RЅ "RGS–R±R° SЂRµRISѓS‚SЊ RIRѕR»Rё, SЏRye SЏSЃR»R° RїRѕRIRЅS–" RIRёRIS‡R°R»Rё RI S€RyeRѕR»S– RISЃS– R±RµR· RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ - RЅRµR°R±RёSЏRyeR° RЅRѕRIRёRЅR°.

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R“S–SЂS–Rye: RiR°SЃR»R° RЈRќR  RЅR°RiR°RgSѓRIR°R»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeS–

R†RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ R· RyeR°RЅRgRёRgR°S‚RѕRј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RЅR°SѓRye, RIS‡RµRЅRёRј SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRµRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЃRѕS†S–R°S†S–S— SЋRgR°S—RyeRё RЎRµSЂRiS–S”Rј R“S–SЂS–RyeRѕRј

RџR°SЂS‚S–S— V«S…R°RјRµR»RµRѕRЅRёV»

R’ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R·R°SЂRµS”SЃS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅRѕ 352 RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–S—. R—R° S†RёRј RїRѕRyeR°R·RЅRёRyeRѕRј RIRѕRЅR° RїRѕSЃS–RgR°S” RїRµSЂS€Rµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ RI R„RISЂRѕRїS–. RћRgRЅR°Rye RїR°SЂS‚S–S— Sѓ RЅR°SЃ RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ SЂRµS”SЃS‚SЂSѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ, R° R№ RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅRѕRISѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ. 44% RgS–SЋS‡RёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№ S…RѕS‡R° R± SЂR°R· R·R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·RјS–RЅRёR»Rё SЃRIRѕSЋ RЅR°R·RISѓ. R’ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– SЂRѕRyeRё RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅSѓRIR°RЅSЊ RїR°SЂS‚S–R№ RїRµSЂRµRIRёS‰SѓS” RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RЅRѕRIRёS… SЂRµS”SЃS‚SЂR°S†S–R№.