RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡

12 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡R°SЋS‚SЊ R”RµRЅSЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»S–S‚RIvЂ™SЏR·RЅSЏ vЂ“ SЏRye R·RiR°RgRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕ RјR°SЃS€S‚R°R±RЅS– R°SЂRµS€S‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RgRёSЃRёRgRµRЅS‚S–RI 1972 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R— S†S–S”S— RЅR°RiRѕRgRё R†Rџ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓS” S–RЅS‚RµSЂRIvЂ™SЋ R· R®SЂS–S”Rј RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡RµRј vЂ“ RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· V«RјRѕRiS–RyeR°RЅS–RIV», S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓRI RI SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SѓRIvЂ™SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏS… 36 SЂRѕRyeS–RI.

R— 86-R»S–S‚RЅS–Rј R®SЂS–S”Rј RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡RµRј RIRёRїR°RgRyeRѕRIRѕ RїRµSЂRµS‚RёRЅR°SЋSЃSЏ RЅR° R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S„RѕSЂSѓRјS– RyeRЅRёRiRѕRIRёRgR°RIS†S–RI Sѓ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅS– 2019-RiRѕ. R™RѕRiRѕ SЃSѓRїSЂRѕRIRѕRgR¶SѓS” RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅR° R›RµSЃSЏ, S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRёS… S„SЂR°R· SЏ RЅR°RїSЂRѕS€SѓSЋSЃSЏ RЅR° S–RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ. RџR°RЅ R®SЂS–R№ RgR°S” RЅRѕRјRµSЂ RјRѕR±S–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ, R°R»Rµ, RISЂRµS€S‚S–-SЂRµS€S‚, RїSЂRѕR№RgRµ S‰Rµ RјR°R№R¶Rµ 3 RјS–SЃSЏS†S– SЏRye S‚R°RyeRё RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕ RgRѕRјRѕRIR»SЏS”RјRѕSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡.

RќR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS–, RyeRѕR»Rё RISЃRµ R±S–R»SЊS€-RјRµRЅS€ RїRѕRiRѕRgR¶RµRЅRѕ RїR°RЅS– R›RµSЃSЏ RїRёS€Rµ R»RёSЃS‚R° R· RїSЂRѕS…R°RЅRЅSЏRј, S‰Rѕ SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RїRѕS‡SѓRIR°SЋSЃSЏ R·R°SЃS‚SѓRgR¶RµRЅRёRј S‡Rё RјR°SЋ RѕR·RЅR°RyeRё RiSЂRёRїSѓ – S‚Rѕ RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ S–RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ RїRµSЂRµRЅRµSЃS‚Rё – RїR°RЅRѕRIS– R®SЂRyeRѕRIS– RyeR°S‚RµRiRѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕ RЅRµ RјRѕR¶RЅR° RiSЂRёRїSѓRIR°S‚Rё. RџRѕRїSЂRё R·R°SЃS‚RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, SЏ RїRѕS‡SѓRIR°SЋSЃSЏ R·RgRѕSЂRѕRIRёRј S– RI RЅRµ RїRѕ-R·RёRјRѕRIRѕRјSѓ S‚RµRїR»RёR№ RiSЂSѓRgRЅRµRIRёR№ RgRµRЅSЊ RIRёSЂSѓS€R°SЋ RЅR° S–RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ.

RџRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕ RїRѕRiRѕRgR¶SѓSЋ R· RїR°RЅRѕRј R®SЂS–S”Rј RїSЂRёRјS–S‰RµRЅRЅSЏ. R”RёRISѓS”, R№RѕRiRѕ RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚R°S†S–SЏ Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– S‚R° R·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RјS–SЃS†SЊ. R’R¶Rµ RyeRѕR»Rё RїS–RgS—R¶RgR¶R°S” S‚R°RyeSЃS– R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡R°SЋ RїR°RЅR° R®SЂS–SЏ.

- R’Rё RЅRµ RyeSѓSЂRёS‚Rµ? – RїRёS‚R°S” RјRµRЅRµ S– S‡SѓSЋS‡Rё RЅRµRiR°S‚RёRIRЅSѓ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RyeR°R¶Rµ: RЁRyeRѕRgR°! RGRѕS‡R° R№ SЃR°Rј RїRѕRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ: RўRµRїRµSЂ SЏ S‚RµR¶ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RЅRµ RyeSѓSЂSЋ, RјRѕR¶Sѓ RѕRgRЅSѓ S†RёRiR°SЂRyeSѓ RЅR° S‚RёR¶RgRµRЅSЊ RIRёRyeSѓSЂRёS‚Rё – R»S–RyeR°SЂS– R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRёR»Rё.

R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ RїSЂRёS—S…R°RI RѕRgRёRЅ. R¦Rµ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°S” RјS–R№ RїRѕRgRёRI, R°RgR¶Rµ RIS–RЅ RЅRµR·SЂSЏS‡RёR№ – RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRyeRё S‚SЂRёRIR°R»RѕRiRѕ SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ.

R’S–RgS‚R°Rye R· S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R№ SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°SЋ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRISѓ.

- RџR°RЅRµ R®SЂS–SЋ, R’Rё R±RѕRgR°R№ RЅR° SЂS–RIRЅS– RIS–RgS‚S–RЅRyeS–RI S‰RѕSЃSЊ R±R°S‡RёS‚Rµ S‡Rё S†S–R»RyeRѕRј RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёR»Rё R·S–SЂ?

- R—RѕRISЃS–Rј RЅRµ R±R°S‡Sѓ, - RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°S”.

- RўRѕ R’Rё R›SЊRIS–RI S‰Rµ RїR°RјSЏS‚R°S”S‚Rµ SЏRyeRёRј R№RѕRiRѕ R·RЅR°R»Rё RI RgRёS‚RёRЅSЃS‚RIS–, R·R° RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–?

- RўR° RЅS– – SЏ S‰Rµ RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1970-S… RїSЂRёS—R¶RgR¶R°RI SЃSЋRgRё.

R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡, 1933 SЂ.RЅ. –
R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡, 1933 SЂ.RЅ. – "RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№" R· RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡S–RI


R’ R•RЅS†RёRyeR»RѕRїRµRgS–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕR·RЅR°RISЃS‚RIR°, SЏRyeSѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ R†R† RЎRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё RIRёRgR°R»Rѕ RќRўRЁ, RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёR»Rё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RѕRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RїSЏS‚SЊRѕS… RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅSЊ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡S–RI. R’S–Rg RїSЂR°-RїSЂR°-RgS–RgR° RїR°RЅR° R®SЂS–SЏ – SЃS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRyeR° RћSЃRёRїR°, RgRѕ RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ RiRµSЂRѕSЏ, SЏRyeRёR№ Sѓ S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°RI SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ. R† S†Rµ RЅRµ R·RiR°RgSѓSЋS‡Rё R¶S–RЅRѕRye, SЏRyeS– RїSЂRё R·R°RјS–R¶R¶S– R·RјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»Rё RїSЂS–R·RIRёS‰R°.  

"RќSѓ, RїRѕ RїRµSЂS€Rµ, RћSЃRёRї RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ – SЃR°Rј RїRёSЃR°RI S– RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgR°RI, RIS–RЅ R–SѓR»SЊ-R’RµSЂRЅR° RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgR°RI RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ. R¤SЂR°RЅRyeRѕ RїSЂRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ SЏRye RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeR° RїRѕR·RёS‚RёRIRЅRѕ RїRёSЃR°RI – S– RЅRµ R·R°R±SѓRIR°R№S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ S†Rµ SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅR° RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ , - RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°S” RїSЂRѕ SЃRIS–R№ SЂS–Rg R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡,

- RќSѓ, R№ RgR°R»S– R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ – R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RїSЏS‚RёS‚RѕRјRЅRѕS— RїSЂR°S†S– "R“SѓS†SѓR»SЊS‰RёRЅR°", SЏRyeR° R±SѓR»R° RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgRµRЅR° S– RЅR° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeSѓ S– RЅR° RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ S‚R° R№ S‚RµRїRµSЂ RI RGR°SЂRyeRѕRIS– S—S— RїRµSЂRµRIRёRgR°R»Rё.

RўR° RѕRyeSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ, RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI S– RI "R‘RѕSЏRЅS–", S– RI S–RЅS€RёS… RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏS… R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRёR№. RўRёRј R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS€SѓRIR°RI R· RЅR°S€RѕSЋ RµR»S–S‚RѕSЋ – R¤SЂR°RЅRyeRѕRј, R“SЂS–RЅS‡RµRЅRyeRѕRј, RљRѕS†SЋR±RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј".

RќR° RјRѕS” RїSЂRѕS…R°RЅRЅSЏ RIRёRgS–R»RёS‚Rё RgR»SЏ SЃRµR±Rµ R·RЅR°RyeRѕRIRёS… R· SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё S„S–RiSѓSЂ R·RiR°RgR°S” S‚SЂSЊRѕS…: "R”R»SЏ RјRµRЅRµ RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёRјRё S” S‚SЂRё RѕSЃRѕR±Rё – R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ, RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ – R· RїRµSЂS€RёS… RgRЅS–RI RI RЈRЎRЎ, RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂ R‘SЂRёRiR°RgRё R“R°R»RёS†SЊRyeRѕS— RђSЂRјS–S—, R° RїRѕ RIS–R№RЅS– – RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ R°RgRIRѕRyeR°S‚ RI RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃR°S…. R† R RѕRјR°RЅ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡, S…RѕS‡ RјRѕR¶RЅR° SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S‚Rѕ SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRye".

RЎSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– S–RјSЏ R RѕRјR°RЅR° RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° R·RgRµR±S–R»SЊS€RѕRiRѕ RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅRµ R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RџRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RђSЂRјS–S”SЋ, S…RѕS‡R° RїRµSЂS€S– R·RiR°RgRyeRё, SЏRyeS– R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡R°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RI RїSЂRµSЃS–, S‰Rµ R· SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅRё 1920-S… – SЏRye RјSѓR·RёRyeR°RЅS‚R°.

R’ S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ RїSЂRѕ R›SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RјSѓR·RёS‡RЅRёR№ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚ S–Rј. Rњ. R›RёSЃRµRЅRyeR° RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёR»Rё, S‰Rѕ S” RЅR°S‡Rµ "SЂRѕRgRёRЅRЅRѕSЋ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–S”SЋ" - RI RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°R»Rё S€RµSЃS‚RµSЂRѕ R· RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡S–RI, R° RЅR°RIS‡R°R»RѕSЃSЏ R°R¶ RgRµSЃSЏS‚SЊ RIRЅSѓRyeS–RI R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R°.

R RѕRgRёRЅR° RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡S–RI, 1912 SЂ. RџRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– SЃRёRgSЏS‚SЊ R“RµSЂRјS–RЅR° S‚R° R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡S–, RјS–R¶ RЅRёRјRё RЅR° RїS–RgR»RѕR·S– RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– S—S… RIRЅSѓRye R RѕRјR°RЅ. R’ R•RЅS†RёRyeR»RѕRїRµRgS–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕR·RЅR°RISЃS‚RIR° RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїR»SЏS‚SЊ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё 5 RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅSЊ S†S–S”S— SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё
R RѕRgRёRЅR° RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡S–RI, 1912 SЂ. RџRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– SЃRёRgSЏS‚SЊ R“RµSЂRјS–RЅR° S‚R° R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡S–, RјS–R¶ RЅRёRјRё RЅR° RїS–RgR»RѕR·S– RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– S—S… RIRЅSѓRye R RѕRјR°RЅ. R’ R•RЅS†RёRyeR»RѕRїRµRgS–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕR·RЅR°RISЃS‚RIR° RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїR»SЏS‚SЊ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё 5 RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅSЊ S†S–S”S— SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё

R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚ RѕS‡RѕR»SЋRIR°RI R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R‘R°SЂRIS–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ – RgRIRѕSЋSЂS–RgRЅRёR№ RgSЏRgSЊRyeRѕ R RѕRјR°RЅR° (SЃRIRѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ S‚R° RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ RѕSЃRIS–S‚SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgS–SЏS‡ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R‘R°SЂRIS–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕRgSЂSѓR¶RёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° SЃRµSЃS‚SЂR°S…-R›SЋR±RѕRIRёS‡S–RIRЅR°S… R№ R¶RёR»Rё RI R±SѓRgRёRЅRyeR°S… SЃS‚S–RЅR° RI SЃS‚S–RЅSѓ, S‚RµRїRµSЂ S†SЏ RISѓR»RёS†SЏ Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– RЅRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ RЅR°R·RISѓ R‘R°SЂRIS–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS…).

RњR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅS–R№ RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRye RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ RIS–RgRIS–RgSѓRIR°RI RyeR»R°SЃ S„RѕSЂS‚RµRїS–R°RЅRѕ RI SЃRIRѕRiRѕ SЂS–RgRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃS‚SЂRёR№RyeR° – RўR°SЂR°SЃR° RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R°. R—R° RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёRјRё RgR°RЅRёRјRё RїSЃRµRIRgRѕ "RўR°SЂR°SЃ R§SѓRїSЂRёRЅRyeR°" R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RљRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂR° RЈRџRђ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅRѕ R· S–RјRµRЅRµRј SЃS‚SЂRёR№RyeR° (S‚R°Rye RI R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅS– RyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rё S‚R°S‚RѕRIRѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°S‚R°).

"R‘R°S‡RёS‚Rµ, RIS–RЅ RјS–Ri R·SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё RyeR°SЂS”SЂSѓ S– SЃRїRѕSЂS‚RѕRIS†, S– RјSѓR·RёRyeR°RЅS‚R°, S– R·SЂRµS€S‚RѕSЋ SЏRyeSѓ R№ R·SЂRѕR±RёRI – RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ. R©Rµ SЏRye RIS‡RёRI R№RѕRiRѕ SЃS‚SЂRёR№RyeRѕ – RўR°SЂR°SЃ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡, S‚Rѕ SЃS‚SЂRёR№RyeRѕ RўR°SЂR°SЃ RyeR°R·R°RI: "R RѕRјRyeRѕ, RyeRёRЅSЊ SЃRїRѕSЂS‚, R±Rѕ RїR°R»SЊS†S– RI S‚RµR±Rµ RѕRiSЂSѓR±S–SЋS‚SЊ!".

R’R»R°SЃRЅRµ R±R°S‚SЊRyeR° R·R°S‚SЏRiRЅSѓR»R° RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIR° R№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅR° SЃS„RµSЂR°, R±Rѕ RIS–RЅ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RI RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— RIRµSЃSЊ S‡R°SЃ R±SѓRI Sѓ R±RѕR№RѕRIS–R№ SЂRµS„RµSЂRµRЅS‚SѓSЂS– S– RјR°RI S‚SЏR¶S–RЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ".    

R’ S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ, RI 1930 SЂRѕS†S– R RѕRјR°RЅ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ RѕRgSЂSѓR¶SѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ. R™RѕRiRѕ RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅR° RќR°S‚R°R»SЏ – RgRѕRЅSЊRyeR° RїR°SЂRѕS…R° R· SЃRµR»R° RћRiR»SЏRgS–RI (S‚RµRїRµSЂ R R°RgRµS…S–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°R№RѕRЅ R›SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S–).

R¦S–RyeR°RIRѕ, S‰Rѕ RїRµSЂRµRg S—S— R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕRј RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёRј SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRyeRѕRј R±SѓRI RgS–Rg R RѕRјR°RЅR° RїRѕ RјR°RјRёRЅS–R№ R»S–RЅS–S—. RџRµSЂRIS–SЃS‚RѕRye R RѕRјR°RЅR° S‚R° RќR°S‚R°R»RyeRё – RgRѕRЅSЊRyeR° RњR°SЂS‚R° RїRѕRјRёSЂR°S” RЅRµRјRѕRIR»SЏRј, R° RI 1933 SЂRѕS†S– RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ R®SЂS–R№, SЏRyeRёR№ R¶RёS‚RёRјRµ S‚SѓS‚ R· RјR°RјRѕSЋ.



"R‘R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ RЅR°SЃ RIS–RgRIS–RgSѓRIR°RI. RљR°R¶SѓS‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ RyeRѕR»Rё RIS–RЅ R°S‚RµRЅS‚R°S‚Rё RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRISѓRIR°RI – S‚Rѕ S—S…R°RI RgRѕ RћRiR»SЏRgRѕRIR° – S‰RѕR± RјR°S‚Rё R°R»S–R±S–. R’R¶Rµ RїRѕS‚S–Rј RљSѓRye (R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ RљSѓRye – RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ RљRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂ RЈRџRђ – RЎ.R›.) SЂRѕR·RyeR°R·SѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° RїRѕR»S–S†S–SЏ RїRѕS‡R°R»R° RїS–RgRѕR·SЂS–RIR°S‚Rё – SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ R·S– R›SЊRIRѕRIR° R·RЅRёRye – S‚Rѕ S‡Rё S‡RѕRiRѕSЃSЊ RЅRµ RiRѕS‚SѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ?"

RћRgRЅRёRј S–R· R±RѕR№RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, S‰Rѕ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RїS–Rg RyeRµSЂRјRѕRј R RѕRјR°RЅR° R±SѓRI SЂS–RgRЅRёR№ R±SЂR°S‚ RќR°S‚R°R»S– – R®SЂRyeRѕ R‘RµSЂRµR·RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№. R’S–RЅ R·R°RiRёRЅRµ RI R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgS– 1932-RiRѕ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RЅR°RїR°RgSѓ RЅR° RїRѕS€S‚Sѓ RI R“RѕSЂRѕRgRyeSѓ.

"R’ SЂRѕRgRёRЅS– R®SЂRyeR° RIS‚SЂR°S‚Sѓ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ – RїRѕ RїRµSЂS€Rµ S”RgRёRЅRёR№ R‘RµSЂRµR·RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№, RyeSЂS–Rј RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RgS–RgRѕ RјR°RI R»RёS€Rµ RgRIRѕS… RgRѕRЅSЊRѕRye S– S‚SѓS‚ SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЊ 20-R»S–S‚RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ SЃRёRЅR°.

RўRѕ RIRgRѕRјR° S†S–R»RёR№ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚ R±SѓRI R®SЂRyeR° R‘RµSЂRµR·RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. RћS‚ RЅR° RЎRISЏS‚RIRµS‡S–SЂ SЃS‚RѕSЏR»R° S‚R°SЂS–R»RyeR° R· RїSЂRѕSЃRyeSѓSЂRyeRѕSЋ – S– S‚Rѕ RISЃS– R·RЅR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ S‚Rѕ RgR»SЏ R®SЂRyeR°, S‰Rѕ S‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ R®SЂRyeRѕRIRµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ".

R—R° SЃRїRѕRiR°RgR°RјRё RїR°RЅR° R®SЂS–SЏ RїSЂRµS‚RµRЅR·S–R№ S‰RѕRgRѕ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RgRѕ R RѕRјR°RЅR° RЅRµ RјR°R»Rё: "R”S–RgRѕ R‘RµSЂRµR·RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgRѕ RјRѕRiRѕ R±R°S‚SЊRyeR° RgSѓR¶Rµ RgRѕR±SЂRµ SЃS‚R°RIRёRISЃSЏ – SЃRIRѕRiRѕ R·SЏS‚SЏ RЅR°R·RёRIR°RI R RѕRјS‡RёRyeRѕRј, S…RѕS‡R° RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RIRgRѕRјR° R№RѕRiRѕ R»RёS€Rµ R RѕRјRyeRѕRј RyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rё".

R RѕRјR°RЅ S‚R° R®SЂRyeRѕ – R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ S‚R° SЃRёRЅ
R RѕRјR°RЅ S‚R° R®SЂRyeRѕ – R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ S‚R° SЃRёRЅ

RђSЂRµS€S‚ R RѕRјR°RЅR° RI R·RISЏR·RyeSѓ S–R· R·R°RјR°S…RѕRј RЅR° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° RџS”SЂR°S†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, R·RiRѕRgRѕRј R·SѓSЃRёR»R»SЏ SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅS– RЅR° SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ SЂRµRyeR»R°RјRЅRѕRiRѕ R±S–R·RЅRµSЃSѓ – S„S–SЂRјRё Fama R№ RЅR°SЃR°RјRyeS–RЅRµS†SЊ RIRѕS”RЅRЅR° RyeR°RјRїR°RЅS–SЏ RI RљR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– – RISЃRµ S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rё RїRµSЂRµS€RyeRѕRgRё RI SЃS–RјRµR№RЅRѕRјSѓ R¶RёS‚S‚S–.

RџRѕ SЃRїSЂR°RIR¶RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ SЂR°R·RѕRј SЃS–RјSЏ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡S–RI R±SѓRgRµ R»RёS€Rµ RI RљSЂR°RyeRѕRIS– – R· RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRј R†R† RЎRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё.

"RљRѕR»Rё SЏ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ – S‚Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃ RI SЃRїSЂR°RIS– RџS”SЂR°S†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј RyeRѕR»Rё R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ RIRёR№S€RѕRI R· RISЏR·RЅRёS†S– S– RI Fami RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI, S‚Rѕ RIS–RЅ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R·RЅR°R№S€RѕRI S‚SѓS‚ Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– S…R°S‚Sѓ, RyeSѓRgRё RјRё R· RјR°RјRѕSЋ RјR°R»Rё RїRµSЂRµS—S…R°S‚Rё, R°R»Rµ S‚RѕRgS– RIR¶Rµ RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ R—R°RyeR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeR° RµRїRѕRїRµSЏ S– RIS–RЅ SѓR¶Rµ S‚SѓRgRё RїS–S€RѕRI. RљRѕR»Rё RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЊ R†R† RЎRIS–S‚RѕRIR° RIS–R№RЅR° RјRё RїRµSЂRµS—S…R°R»Rё RgRѕ RљSЂR°RyeRѕRIR° R№ S‚R°Rј RgRIR° SЂRѕRyeRё R·R°R¶RёR»Rё SЂRѕRgRёRЅRЅRёRј R¶RёS‚S‚SЏRј. RўR°Rј S– RјRѕSЏ SЃRµSЃS‚SЂR° RњR°SЂSѓSЃSЏ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёR»R°SЃSЏ".

R— RљSЂR°RyeRѕRIRѕRј RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅR° SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIR°, S‰Rѕ S—S— RїR°RЅ R®SЂS–R№ RЅR°R·RёRIR°S” RїSЂRѕSЂRѕS‡RѕSЋ:

"R’Rё R·RЅR°S”S‚Rµ S‰Rѕ, R±SѓR»R° R· RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R±RѕRyeSѓ RyeRѕRјS–S‡RЅR°, R° R· S–RЅS€RѕRiRѕ – RїSЂRѕSЂRѕS‡R° SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIR°… R R°R· RI RљSЂR°RyeRѕRIS– RјRё SЃRёRgRёRјRѕ, SЃRёRgRёS‚SЊ R·R° SЃS‚RѕR»RѕRј RЎS‚RµS†SЊRyeRѕ, RјS–R№ R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ, S‰Rµ S‚R°Rј S…S‚RѕSЃSЊ R±SѓRI – R R°RIR»RёRye (RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI RЎS‚RµS†SЊRyeRѕ S‚R° R†RIR°RЅ R R°RIR»RёRye – RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅS– RgS–SЏS‡S– RћRЈRќ-R‘ – RЎ.R›.) S‡Rё S…S‚Rѕ. R† RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°SЋS‚SЊ RIRѕRЅRё RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё S‚R°Rј, RIR¶Rµ SЃSѓS‚S– RЅRµ RїSЂRёRiR°RgSѓSЋ, R°R»Rµ RЎS‚RµS†SЊRyeRѕ RyeR°R¶Rµ: R®SЂRyeRѕ SЏRye RIRёSЂRѕSЃS‚Rµ – S‚Rѕ RIS–RЅ R±SѓRgRµ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂRѕRј!

RќR° S‰Rѕ R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ: RЎR»R°RIRyeRѕ – RЅRµ RїSЃSѓR№ RјRµRЅS– S…R»RѕRїS†SЏ! RўRѕ S‰Rѕ RјRё R±SѓRgRµRјRѕ RјR°S‚Rё RgRµSЂR¶R°RISѓ S– RIS–RЅ R±SѓRgRµ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё?!

R† RISЃS– RїRѕSЃRјS–SЏR»RёSЃSЏ, R±Rѕ S‚Rѕ R±SѓRI R¶R°SЂS‚, R°R»Rµ S‚RѕR№ R¶R°SЂS‚ RIRёSЏRIRёRISЃSЏ RїSЂR°RIRgRѕSЋ, R±Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° SЃS‚R°R»R° S– SЏ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR±RёRI R· 91-RiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ – RI S‚S–R№ R¶Rµ R¶ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S”SЋ R·R°R№RјR°RISЃSЏ".

R®SЂRyeRѕ R· RјR°S‚S–SЂSЋ RќR°S‚R°R»RµSЋ S‚R° SЃRµSЃS‚SЂRѕSЋ RњR°SЂSѓSЃRµSЋ, SЏRyeR° RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёR»R°SЃSЏ RI RљSЂR°RyeRѕRIS–
R®SЂRyeRѕ R· RјR°S‚S–SЂSЋ RќR°S‚R°R»RµSЋ S‚R° SЃRµSЃS‚SЂRѕSЋ RњR°SЂSѓSЃRµSЋ, SЏRyeR° RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёR»R°SЃSЏ RI RљSЂR°RyeRѕRIS–

Rђ RI 1945-RјSѓ SЂRѕRgRёRЅR° RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёS‚SЊ RїS–Rg SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃS–S— – RјR°S‚S–SЂ RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRё R RѕRјR°RЅR° RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° RћSЃRёRїR° R‘RµSЂRµR·RёRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїRѕRјSЂRµ Sѓ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RISЏR·RЅRёS†S–, RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅSѓ RќR°S‚R°R»SЋ R·R°SЃSѓRgSЏS‚SЊ RЅR° 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI, R° RgS–S‚RµR№ – R®SЂRyeR° S‚R° RњR°SЂSѓSЃSЋ RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚SЊ RgRѕ SЃRёSЂRѕS‚RёRЅS†SЏ. 14-R»S–S‚RЅS–R№ R®SЂRyeRѕ R·RgS–R№SЃRЅRёS‚SЊ RIRgR°R»Sѓ RIS‚RµS‡Sѓ R№ RЅRµR·RIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё RЅR° RISЃSЋ RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµRyeSѓ S‚RѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ R·RјRѕR¶Rµ RIS–RgS€SѓRyeR°S‚Rё R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°.

"RўRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR° R RѕRiR°S‚RёRЅS‰RёRЅS–, RI 1947 SЂRѕS†S– – S‚Rѕ R±SѓR»R° RјRѕSЏ RїRµSЂS€R° R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡ R· R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕRј RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS‚RµS‡S– R· RgRёS‚SЏS‡RѕRiRѕ R±SѓRgRёRЅRyeSѓ R· R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeR°. R’S–RЅ RIS–RgS‡RёS‚R°RI Sѓ RјRµRЅRµ RI RѕS‡R°S…, Sѓ RIRёSЂR°R·S– RѕR±R»RёS‡S‡SЏ, S‰Rѕ SЏ RїS–S€RѕRI R±Rё Sѓ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ S– RIS–RЅ SЃR°Rј R·R°RїRёS‚R°RI: "R®SЂRyeSѓ, S– S‚Rё S…RѕS‡RµS€ R№S‚Rё RI RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ?"

RЇ RyeR°R¶Sѓ: RўR°Rye!

R—RЅR°S”S€ S‰Rѕ: SЏRye S‚R°RyeS– SЏRye S‚Rё RїS–RgSѓS‚SЊ – S‚Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё R·R°RiRёRЅSѓS‚SЊ. RўRё SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S”S€ – RјRё RїSЂRёSЂRµS‡RµRЅS–, RјRё R·R°RiRёRЅRµRјRѕ. RђR»Rµ SЏRye S‚R°RyeS– SЏRye S‚Rё RїS–RgSѓS‚SЊ – S‚Rѕ RїSЂRѕR№RgRµ 10, 15 SЂRѕRyeS–RI – S– S…S‚Rѕ R¶ R±SѓRgRµ S‚RѕR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg RїS–RgRЅS–RјR°S‚Rё? RўRё SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S”S€?

- R RѕR·SѓRјS–SЋ, SЏ RЅRµ RїS–RgSѓ RI RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ. R† SЏ RgR»SЏ SЃRµR±Rµ R·R°RyeSЂRёRI S†Rµ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR° S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ…"

RќRµR·R°R±R°SЂRѕRј RIS–RgR±SѓRgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ S—S…RЅSЏ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡ – RїS–SЃR»SЏ RЅRµS— R®SЂRyeRѕ RїRѕS—RgRµ RIRёRyeSЂR°SЃS‚Rё SЃRµSЃS‚SЂSѓ R· RgRёS‚SЏS‡RѕRiRѕ R±SѓRgRёRЅRyeSѓ, R°R»Rµ RѕRїRёRЅRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RI SЂSѓRyeR°S… RњTђR‘.

"R‘R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ RјRµRЅRµ RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ SЃS‚SЂRѕRiRѕ S‚SЂRёRјR°RI, R°R»Rµ SЏ SЃRѕR±S– RїSЂRёRiR°RgSѓSЋ RЅR°S€Sѓ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЋ R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡, S‚SѓS‚ Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– RI SЃS–S‡RЅS– 1948 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R’S–RЅ RјRµRЅS– SЃRyeR°R·R°RI: "R®SЂRyeSѓ, RјRё RјSѓSЃRёRјRѕ S‚SЂRёRјR°S‚RёSЃSЏ, RЅR°SЃ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RgRIRѕS… RѕSЃS‚R°R»RѕSЃSЏ". R† SЏ RIS–RgS‡SѓRI SЏRye RIS–RЅ RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕ RЅR°S‡Rµ SЃS…R»RёRїRЅSѓRI, RIS–RЅ RЅRµ R·R°RїR»R°RyeR°RI, R°R»Rµ RїRѕRgR°RIRёRI S†RµR№ RїRѕSЂRёRI.

RњRµRЅS– RIR¶Rµ RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ SЃRyeR°R·R°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RyeRѕR»Rё RјRµRЅRµ R·RЅRѕRISѓ R·R°R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё, R° RIS–RЅ R·RЅR°RI RїSЂRѕ S†Rµ, S‚Rѕ RIS–RЅ SЃRyeR°R·R°RI: R®SЂRyeRѕ RјRѕR¶Rµ R¶RёS‚Rё RI RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶RyeRёS… SѓRјRѕRIR°S…, R°R»Rµ S—Rј R№RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R·R»R°RјR°S‚Rё".

RЈ 1948 SЂRѕS†S– R®SЂS–SЏ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° R·R°SЃSѓRgSЏS‚SЊ RЅR° 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ. RџSЂRё S‡RѕRјSѓ, RЅRµR·RIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё RЅR° RЅRµRїRѕRIRЅRѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ – RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµ RїRѕRyeR°SЂR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅRµ RI S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–, R° RI S‚SЋSЂRјS–, RgRµ S‚SЂRё SЂRѕRyeRё RIS–RgSЃRёRgRёS‚SЊ RI RѕRgRёRЅRѕS‡RЅS–R№ RyeR°RјRµSЂS–.

R®SЂRyeRѕ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RIS–RgR±SѓS‚S‚SЏ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅSѓ, 1950-S–
R®SЂRyeRѕ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RIS–RgR±SѓS‚S‚SЏ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅSѓ, 1950-S–

"RЇ RgRIS–S‡S– R±SЂR°RISЃSЏ S‚S–RyeR°S‚Rё S– SЏ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI S‡RёRј S‚Rѕ RјRѕR¶Rµ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RёS‚RёSЃSЏ. R—RIS–RgSЃRё, R· R›RѕRЅS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°RISЃSЏ S‚S–RyeR°S‚Rё, RI 16 SЂRѕRyeS–RI, RI 1949-RјSѓ. RљRѕR»Rё RїSѓSЃRyeR°R»Rё RI S‚SѓR°R»RµS‚, Sѓ RЅR°SЃ R±SѓR»Rѕ S‚R°RyeRµ RЅRµRIRµR»RёRyeRµ RIS–RgRµSЂS†Rµ RјRµS‚R°R»RµRIRµ, RI SЏRyeRµ RIRѕRgSѓ RЅR°R±RёSЂR°R»Rё, R»S–S‚SЂS–RI 5-6, S‚Rѕ SЏ RЅRёRј RїRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRIS– RgR°RI RЅR°RiR»SЏRgR°S‡RµRIS– – S…RѕS‚S–RI R№RѕRiRѕ R·R±RёS‚Rё R· RЅS–Ri, RЅR°SЃ R±SѓR»Rѕ RgRIRѕS”. RђR»Rµ RЅR°RiR»SЏRgR°S‡RyeR° SЃRёRiRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ R·RЅR°Rye RїRѕRgR°R»R°. RўRѕ RyeR°SЂS†RµSЂRѕRј RѕR±S–R№S€R»RѕSЃSЏ, RЅSѓ RїRѕR±RёR»Rё…".

R’ R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– 1950-RiRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RїSЂRёRIRµR·SѓS‚SЊ RЅR° SЂRѕR·RїS–R·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚S–R»R° R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°: "RЇ R±R°S‚SЊRyeR° R·R°RIR¶RgRё R»SЋR±RёRI, RgSѓR¶Rµ R»SЋR±RёRI S– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R·R°S…RѕRїR»SЋRIR°RISЃSЏ. RђR»Rµ SЃRyeR°R¶Sѓ S‚R°RyeRµ – RyeRѕR»Rё R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ R·R°RiRёRЅSѓRI SЏ SЃRёRgS–RI S– RIR¶Rµ S‚RѕRgS– SЏ R·RЅR°RI, RgRµSЃSЊ RЅR° RїS–RgSЃRIS–RgRѕRјRѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS–, S‰Rѕ S‚Rѕ S‚SЂR°RiS–S‡RЅRѕ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ – SЏRye RЅRµ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– S‚Rѕ R·R°RIS‚SЂR°.

R† RyeRѕR»Rё RIS–RЅ R·R°RiRёRЅSѓRI, S– SЏ RїSЂRёS—S…R°RI RЅR° RѕRїS–R·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ, S‚Rѕ RїSЂRёR№S€RѕRIS€Rё RI RyeR°RјRµSЂSѓ RјRµRЅS– R· RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R±RѕRyeSѓ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ, R° R· S–RЅS€RѕRiRѕ – SЏRye S‚SЏRiR°SЂ R·RIR°R»RёRISЃSЏ R· SЃRµSЂS†SЏ – R±Rѕ SЏ SѓSЃRIS–RgRѕRјRёRI, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RЅRµ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёRI RgRѕ SЂSѓRye R¶RёRIRёRј. R† SЏ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI, S‰Rѕ S‚Rѕ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ S‰R°SЃS‚SЏ, S‰Rѕ R№RѕRјSѓ RїRѕS‰R°SЃS‚RёR»Rѕ…".

RЈ 1954-RјSѓ RIRёR№S€RѕRI RЈRyeR°R· RџSЂRµR·RёRgS–S— R’RµSЂS…RѕRIRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё RЎR RЎR  RїSЂRѕ SѓRјRѕRIRЅRѕ-RgRѕSЃS‚SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRµ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRµRїRѕRIRЅRѕR»S–S‚RЅS–S…. R”Rѕ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° R№RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R·R°SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё. R›RёS€Rµ RI RyeRIS–S‚RЅS– 1956-RјSѓ R№RѕRiRѕ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRёR»Rё, R°R»Rµ S‚RѕRiRѕ R¶ SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– RЅR°RgS–R№S€RѕRI RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚ R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RџSЂRѕRyeSѓSЂRѕSЂR° RЎR RЎR  R RѕRјR°RЅR° R SѓRgRµRЅRyeR° S– R№RѕRјSѓ RgRѕRIRµR»RѕSЃSЊ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓS‚RёSЃSЏ Sѓ RISЏR·RЅRёS†SЋ.



RўRµSЂRјS–RЅ SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R®SЂS–SЏ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ 21 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1958-RiRѕ, S– S‚RѕRiRѕ R¶ RgRЅSЏ RљTђR‘ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS” RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RЅRѕRISѓ SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ – R·R° R°RЅS‚RёSЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ R°RiS–S‚R°S†S–SЋ. R’RёSЂRѕRye – S‡RµSЂRiRѕRIRёS… 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° 5 R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R RЎR .

R—RiRѕRgRѕRј, RIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ RISЏR·RµRЅSЊ RђRISЂSЂR°Rј RЁRёS„SЂS–RЅ, RѕRїRёRЅRёRIS€RёSЃSЊ RI R†R·SЂR°S—R»S– R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° RI RїRµSЂRµR»S–RyeSѓ RЅR°R№RyeRѕR»RѕSЂRёS‚RЅS–S€RёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RISЏR·RЅS–RI:

"R®SЂR° R±SѓRI RIRµSЃRµR»RёR№ S– S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃSЊRyeRёR№: RI RgRёS‚SЏS‡RёS… S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°S… RIS–RЅ RЅRµ RјR°RI RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕSЃS‚S– RIS‡RёS‚RёSЃSЏ S– S‚RµRїRµSЂ RyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ R±SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeRѕSЋ RЅR°RiRѕRgRѕSЋ, S‰RѕR± RIS–Rg SЃRёRgS–RIS€RѕS— RI S‚R°R±RѕSЂS– S–RЅS‚RµR»S–RiRµRЅS†S–S— RїRѕS‡RµSЂRїRЅSѓS‚Rё R·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ, SЏRyeRёS… RIS–RЅ RїSЂR°RiRЅSѓRI: S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ, R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂR°, S„S–R»RѕSЃRѕS„S–SЏ, RјR°S‚RµRјR°S‚RёRyeR°, RїRѕRµR·S–SЏ – RISЃS– S†S– R»RµRyeS†S–S— RѕS…RѕS‡Rµ S‡RёS‚R°R»RёSЃSЏ RgR»SЏ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RgRѕSЂRѕSЃR»RёRјRё RgSЂSѓR·SЏRјRё.

Rђ SЃR°Rј RIS–RЅ RIRЅRѕSЃRёRI R±R°RgSЊRѕSЂS–SЃS‚SЊ SЃRIRѕS”SЋ R¶RёS‚S‚S”SЂR°RgS–SЃRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ S– R·R°RIR¶RgRё RЅR°RјR°RiR°RISЃSЏ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiS‚Rё SЃR»R°R±RyeRёRј R·SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё RЅRѕSЂRјSѓ SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Rё".

RќR° R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ SЃRIRѕS— "S‚SЋSЂRµRјRЅS– SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Rё" S– S—S… RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°S‡S–RI RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°S”: "RћR№, RgSѓR¶Rµ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ. RЇ RЅRµ RјRѕR¶Sѓ RЅR°R·RIR°S‚Rё S‚R°Rye, R±Rѕ R±SѓR»Rё SЂS–R·RЅS– S‚SЋSЂRјRё – R’RµSЂS…RЅSЊRѕSѓSЂR°R»SЊSЃSЊRye, R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ, S‚R°R±RѕSЂRё. RўRѕ R±SѓR»Rё SЂS–R·RЅS– R»SЋRgRё SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ – RIS–Rg SЏRїRѕRЅS†S–RI R№ RgRѕ RЅS–RјS†S–RI, S„SЂR°RЅS†SѓR·S–RI".

R’RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ R·RiR°RgSѓS”, S‰Rѕ R·R°RIR¶RgRё RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°RI RѕRїS–RyeSѓ SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёS… S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS€S–RI: "RўR° R·R°RIR¶RgRё RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°RI. R† RyeRѕR»Rё SЏ RїRµSЂRµS—R¶RgR¶R°RI R· S‚SЋSЂRјRё RI S‚R°R±S–SЂ, S‚Rѕ S‡Rё S…R°SЂS‡S–, S‡Rё S–RЅS€Rµ: R®SЂRyeRѕ, S‚Rѕ RўRѕR±S–. R§Rё R“RѕSЂR±RѕRIRёR№, S‡Rё R”SѓR¶RёR№, S‡Rё S–RЅS€S–, S‰Rѕ S‰Rµ SЃRёRgS–R»Rё".

R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ R· SЃRёRЅRѕRј R RѕRјR°RЅRѕRј, 1970 SЂ. RћR±RyeR»R°RgRёRЅRyeR° RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»Sѓ RЎRїS–R»RyeRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RњRѕR»RѕRgS– (RЎRЈRњ)
R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ R· SЃRёRЅRѕRј R RѕRјR°RЅRѕRј, 1970 SЂ. RћR±RyeR»R°RgRёRЅRyeR° RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»Sѓ RЎRїS–R»RyeRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RњRѕR»RѕRgS– (RЎRЈRњ) "RђRIR°RЅRiR°SЂRg" R·R° 1980 SЂ. R’ R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕRјSѓ SЃRIS–S‚S– S†RµR№ SЂS–Rye RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR»Rё R RѕRyeRѕRј R®SЂS–SЏ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R°

R—S– SЃS‚R°SЂS€RѕRiRѕ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ S‡R»RµRЅS–RI RћRЈRќ, RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RIRёRgS–R»SЏS” R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° R“RѕSЂR±RѕRIRѕRiRѕ – R°RgRIRѕRyeR°S‚R° RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё RЅR° R’R°SЂS€R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃS– RћRЈRќ. R’S–RЅ R№ SЃR°Rј RIS–RgR±SѓRI SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RI RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S‚R°R±RѕSЂS– RI R‘RµSЂRµR·S– RљR°SЂS‚SѓR·SЊRyeS–R№, R° RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё SЃS…RѕRїRёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RI RџSЂR°R·S– S‚R° R·R°SЃSѓRgRёR»Rё RЅR° 25 SЂRѕRyeS–RI R·R° "R·SЂR°RgSѓ R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё".

"R”R»SЏ RјRµRЅRµ R“RѕSЂR±RѕRIRёR№! R’ RјRµRЅRµ RgRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€R° RїRѕRIR°RiR° R±SѓR»R°. RџRѕ-RїRµSЂS€Rµ – RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёR№, S‰Rµ SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRye R’RёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRёS… R·RјR°RiR°RЅSЊ 1918-RiRѕ SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RI R“R°R»RёS†SЊRyeS–R№ RђSЂRјS–S— RIRѕSЋRIR°RI, RIRµSЃSЊ S‡R°SЃ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ, RїRѕS‚S–Rј SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ, S– RyeSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚RµS‚ – SЃRїRѕRyeS–R№RЅRёR№ S‚R°RyeRёR№, S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ!"

RЇRye S– S‡S–R»SЊRЅRёS… RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeS–RI RћRЈRќ, R®SЂS–SЏ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRёRIRѕR·RёS‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ, S‚R° RIRѕRgRёS‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ RїRѕ S‚RµR°S‚SЂR°S…, RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeR°S… S– RјSѓR·RµSЏS… – S†Rµ R±SѓRI RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· SЃRїRѕSЃRѕR±S–RI, S‡RµSЂRµR· R·RЅR°R№RѕRјSЃS‚RIRѕ R· "SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RgS–R№SЃRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ", R·R»R°RјR°S‚Rё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI.

R’ SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅS– RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS€SѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµ R· SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RgRёSЃRёRgRµRЅS‚R°RјRё R’R°R»RµSЂS–S”Rј R RѕRЅRyeS–RЅRёRј S‚R° R®R»S–S”Rј R”R°RЅS–RµR»RµRј. R RѕRЅRyeS–RЅ Sѓ SЃRїRѕRiR°RgR°S… R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµ RѕRgRЅSѓ S–R· RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRIRѕRye R·R° SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЋ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R°:

"RќR° RјS–R№ RїSЂRµRIRµR»RёRyeRёR№ RїRѕRgRёRI, Sѓ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓRIR°RЅRЅS– RїRѕRiRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ R±SЂR°S‚Rё SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡, SЏRyeRёR№ "S…R»RµR±RЅSѓRIS€RёR№" SЃS‚S–R»SЊRyeRё, SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RЅR°Rј S– RЅRµ SЃRЅRёR»RѕSЃSЏ. R—R°S‚Rµ R№RѕRiRѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS– R·RµRјR»SЏRyeRё RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёR»RёSЃSЏ. RњS–R¶ SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ RIRѕRЅRё RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё RЅRµ R±SЂR°S‚Rё SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RI R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅS–R№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS–R№ R°RyeS†S–S— R· "RјRѕSЃRyeR°R»SЏRјRё", S…RѕS‡R° RЅR°Rј RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRёR»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€ SѓS…RёR»SЊRЅRѕ".

R’RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃ R RѕRЅRyeS–RЅ R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI SЏRye R·R°RIRgSЏRyeRё R®SЂS–SЋ RЅR° RIRѕR»SЋ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїR»SЏR»Rё RIS–SЂS€S– R”R°RЅS–RµR»SЏ – RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ RїRѕS‚R°R№RyeRё R·R°SЃRѕRISѓRIR°RI S—S… Sѓ S€RёRЅRµR»SЋ RјR°R№SЃS‚SЂSѓ, SЏRyeRёR№ RїRµSЂRµS…RѕRgRёRI S–R· R·RѕRЅRё RI R·RѕRЅSѓ. RўR°Rye RIRѕRЅRё RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїR»SЏR»Rё RI R¶S–RЅRѕS‡Sѓ R·RѕRЅSѓ, R° R·RIS–RgS‚S–R»SЏ RЅR° RIRѕR»SЋ.



"RЇ R±SѓRI Sѓ RgSѓR¶Rµ RgRѕR±SЂRёS… RIR·R°S”RјRёRЅR°S… R· R RѕRЅRyeS–RЅRёRј S– RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ R· R”R°RЅS–RµR»RµRј. RљRѕR»Rё SЏ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅSЏRISЃSЏ, S‚Rѕ R·R°S—S…R°RI Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRISѓ RgRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRё. Rђ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅSЏRISЃSЏ SЏ RI S‚RѕR№ RgRµRЅSЊ RyeRѕR»Rё SЃRѕRIS”S‚SЃSЊRyeS– S‚R°RЅRyeRё RI RџSЂR°RiSѓ RIRIS–R№S€R»Rё 21 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1968 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RЇ RgRѕRIS–RgR°RISЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ S†Rµ R· RiR°R·RµS‚Rё, R·R°S—S…R°RIS€Rё RI RњRѕSЃRyeRISѓ.

Rђ RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅR° R®R»S–SЏ S– S—S… S†S–R»R° RiSЂSѓRїR° R·R±RёSЂR°R»RёSЃSЏ RI RЅRµRgS–R»SЋ RIRёR№S‚Rё RЅR° R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅSѓ RїR»RѕS‰Sѓ RI R·RЅR°Rye RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚Sѓ. RљR°R¶SѓS‚SЊ: RњRё RIR°SЃ R· SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ RЅRµ RIS–R·SЊRјRµRјRѕ, RIRё R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RїRѕRgRёRIRёS‚RµSЃSЏ. R‘Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё R·RЅR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё SЃSЏRgSѓS‚SЊ.

RђR»Rµ RјRµRЅS– "SЃS–R»Rё RЅR° S…RIS–SЃS‚" (RѕSЂRiR°RЅRё – RЎ.R›.) R№ SЃRїRѕRyeRѕSЋ RЅRµ RgR°RIR°R»Rё, S‚Rѕ S‰RѕR± RЅRµ R·R°RIR°R»RёS‚Rё S†S–R»Sѓ R°RyeS†S–SЋ, RјRµRЅS– SЃRyeR°R·R°R»Rё: RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ S—RgSЊS‚Rµ R·RIS–RgSЃRё S– SЏ RїRѕS—S…R°RI. Rђ RIRѕRЅRё RIRёR№S€R»Rё RЅR° R°RyeS†S–SЋ S– S—S… RїRѕSЃR°RgRёR»Rё.

RћRgRёRЅ RIS–SЂS€ R”R°RЅS–RµR»SЏ, SЏ RIRёRIS‡RёRI RЅR° RїR°RјSЏS‚SЊ S– RїSЂRёR№S€RѕRIS€Rё RgRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ R¶S–RЅRyeRё RїRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRёRI RїR°RїS–SЂ S‚R° SЂSѓS‡RyeSѓ R№ RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RI RIS–SЂS€R°. R›RёS€Rµ RїRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRёRI, S‰RѕR± RїRµSЂRµRїRёSЃR°R»Rё, S‰RѕR± RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RјRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS‡RµSЂRyeSѓ – R±Rѕ S†Rµ R°RЅS‚RёSЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–SЂS€ R±SѓRI.

RђR»Rµ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃRїRѕSЃRѕR±S–RI RїRµSЂRµRїSЂR°RIRyeRё S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— RЅR° RIRѕR»SЋ. R§RµSЂRµR· R±RёS‚RѕRIRёS‡RѕRye RїRµSЂRµRїSЂR°RIR»SЏRI. R”S–RIS‡R°S‚R°Rј RїRµSЂRµRgR°RIR°RI R·SѓR±RЅSѓ RїR°SЃS‚Sѓ R№ RyeR°R·R°RI RIRёRIRµSЃS‚Rё RЅR° SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgSѓ, R° RgR°R»S– S‚SѓRgRё R№ S‚SѓRgRё RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIRёS‚Rё. RђR±Rѕ RI RјRёR»S–, RI S‚SѓR°R»RµS‚RЅRµ RјRёR»Rѕ RISЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅSѓ R·R°RIR°SЂSЋRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ… S†S–R»R° S‚RµS…RЅRѕR»RѕRiS–SЏ".

R¦RµSЂRyeRIR° RЎRI. R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° S‚R° RћR»SЊRiRё RI R§S–RyeR°RiRѕ, 1980 SЂ. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR° RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡R°S” RўRёR¶RgRµRЅSЊ R®SЂS–SЏ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° – S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёR»Rё RI R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– RјS–SЃSЏS†S–, RyeRѕR»Rё RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ SЃRISЏS‚RyeSѓRIR°RI RgRµRЅSЊ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ
R¦RµSЂRyeRIR° RЎRI. R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° S‚R° RћR»SЊRiRё RI R§S–RyeR°RiRѕ, 1980 SЂ. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR° RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡R°S” RўRёR¶RgRµRЅSЊ R®SЂS–SЏ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° – S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёR»Rё RI R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– RјS–SЃSЏS†S–, RyeRѕR»Rё RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ SЃRISЏS‚RyeSѓRIR°RI RgRµRЅSЊ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ

RџS–SЃR»SЏ 20 SЂRѕRyeS–RI SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ, 35-R»S–S‚RЅS–R№ R®SЂS–R№ RѕRїRёRЅSЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° RIRѕR»S–. RўR° RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїRѕRgRѕSЂRѕR¶S– RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ, RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° RIRёSЃR°RgRёR»Rё R· RїRѕS‚SЏRiR° R№ RїSЂRёRјSѓSЃRѕRIRѕ RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIRёR»Rё RЅR° RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RI RќR°R»SЊS‡RёRye, RљR°R±R°SЂRgRёRЅRѕ-R‘R°R»RyeR°SЂS–SЋ. RўSѓS‚ RIS–RЅ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RI RїS–Rg R°RgRјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRёRј RЅR°RiR»SЏRgRѕRј – S–R· R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRѕSЋ RIRёS—R¶RgR¶R°S‚Rё RїRѕR·R° RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ, RїRѕRyeRёRgR°S‚Rё RјS–SЃS†Rµ RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R· 8 RIRµS‡RѕSЂR° RgRѕ 6 SЂR°RЅRyeSѓ, RIS–RgRIS–RgSѓRIR°S‚Rё RїSѓR±R»S–S‡RЅS– RјS–SЃS†SЏ.

RЈ 1972-RјSѓ, R·R° RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚RµRyeSЃS‚Sѓ "R RѕR·RgSѓRјRё RIRiRѕR»RѕSЃ" RIS–RЅ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°S” S‚SЂRµS‚S–R№ S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅ – 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° 5 SЂRѕRyeS–RI R·R°SЃR»R°RЅRЅSЏ.

R¦S–RyeR°RIRѕ, S‰Rѕ RїRµSЂRµRg RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIRyeRѕSЋ R®SЂS–SЏ R· RќR°R»SЊS‡RёRyeR° RI S‚R°R±S–SЂ, RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RѕR±S€SѓRyeSѓ R·RЅR°R№RgSѓS‚SЊ S‰Rµ RѕRgRёRЅ S‚RµRyeSЃS‚, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RI Sѓ RISЏR·RЅRёS†S– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIR° – "R RѕR·RgSѓRјRё RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ", R° RI R»RёSЃS‚R°S… RgRѕ RgSЂSѓR¶RёRЅRё RIS–RЅ RgRµS‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕ RѕRїRёSЃSѓRIR°RI RјRµS‚RѕRgRёRyeSѓ RїRµSЂRµRgR°S‡S– S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— RgRѕ R›SЊRIRѕRIR° – R·R°RїS–RyeS€Rё RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRёR№ S‚RµRyeSЃS‚ RISЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– RyeRµRyeSЃR°.



RЎRIRѕSЋ RIS–RgS‡R°R№RgSѓS€RЅSѓ RIS–RgRIR°RiSѓ RїR°RЅ R®SЂS–R№ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅSЋS” RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ: "RќSѓ, RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ, RјRѕR¶Rµ SЃRIRѕS”SЂS–RgRЅRёR№ R°RIR°RЅS‚SЋSЂRёR·Rј, R±Rѕ SЃS…RёR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RI RјRµRЅRµ RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ R±SѓR»R°".

R’ S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… RISЏR·RЅS–RI RѕR±RјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»Rё RЅR° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S€RїRёRiSѓRЅS–RI, R°R»Rµ SЃR°Rј RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ RЅR° RѕR±RјS–RЅ RЅRµ RїSЂRµS‚RµRЅRgSѓRIR°RI, S…RѕS‡R° RЅR° R—R°S…RѕRgS– RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RјR°SЃRѕRIS– RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–S— R·R° R№RѕRiRѕ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ.

"RњRµRЅRµ RїSЂRёRIRµR·R»Rё RgRѕ RљRёS”RIR°, R° RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeRѕRј RљTђR‘ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R±SѓRI S‚RѕR№ R·RЅR°RјRµRЅRёS‚RёR№ R¤RµRgRѕSЂS‡SѓRye. Rђ Sѓ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂS– RI RјRµRЅRµ RI RyeR°RјRµSЂS– R±SѓRI RїSЂRѕRIRѕRyeR°S‚RѕSЂ S– RIS–RЅ RgRѕ RјRµRЅRµ RїSЂRёS‡S–RїRёRISЃSЏ R· RїSЂRѕRIRѕRyeR°S†S–R№RЅRѕSЋ S‚RµRјRѕSЋ,S‡Rё RјRѕR¶RЅR° RIS‚RµRyeSЃS‚Rё S–R· RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ S‡RµSЂRµR· RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ. Rђ RI RЅR°SЃ R±SѓRI S‚R°RyeRёR№ R¤RµRgRѕSЂRµRЅRyeRѕ, SЏRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕR±SѓRIR°RI RIS‚S–RyeR°S‚Rё S‡RµSЂRµR· RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ S– RїRѕRїR°RISЃSЏ R№ RgR°R»Rё R№RѕRјSѓ 15 SЂRѕRyeS–RI.

Rђ SЏ RyeR°R¶Sѓ: RўRё RgSѓSЂR°Rye! RџRѕS‰Rѕ S‚RѕR±S– S‡RµSЂRµR· RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ RIS‚S–RyeR°S‚Rё? RўR°Rye SЏRye R¤RµRgRѕSЂRµRЅRyeRѕ RїSЂRёS—RgRµS€? RўRѕ R№ S‚R°Rye SЃRёRgRёS€. RўRѕ SЏ R№RѕRјSѓ RyeR°R¶Sѓ: RўRё SЃRѕR±S– R·RЅR°R№RgRё SЏRyeSѓSЃSЊ R¶RёRgS–RIRyeSѓ, SЏRyeR° RјR°S” RїSЂR°RIRѕ RЅR° RIRёS—R·Rg, RѕRgSЂSѓR¶RёSЃSЏ R· RЅRµSЋ, R°R»Rµ RїRѕ S‡RµSЃRЅRѕRјSѓ S—R№ SЃRyeR°R¶Rё: RњRё RgRѕS—RgRµRјRѕ RgRѕ R’S–RgRЅSЏ, R° RgR°R»S– – RўRё RI RѕRgRёRЅ R±S–Rye, R° SЏ RI RgSЂSѓRiRёR№, S‚R° R№ RISЃRµ. RћS‚ S– RIRёS—RgRµS€ R»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕ…

RћS‚ SЏ RїSЂRёS—S…R°RI RgRѕ RљRёS”RIR° S– RјR°RI SЂRѕR·RјRѕRISѓ R· R¤RµRgRѕSЂS‡SѓRyeRѕRј. RџSЂRё S‡RѕRјSѓ RgRѕ R¤RµRgRѕSЂS‡SѓRyeR° SЏ RIS–RgS‡SѓRI S‚R°RyeSѓ RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅSЋ R°RЅS‚RёRїR°S‚S–SЋ. RЇ RЅRµ R· RѕRgRЅRёRј RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёRI R· RyeR°RgRµR±S–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIRёS‰RѕRiRѕ RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊSЃS‚RIR°, R°R»Rµ RIS–RgS‡SѓRI RЅRµSЃRїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ, RЅRµRїSЂRёSЏR·RЅSЊ, R°R»Rµ RIS–RgS‡SѓRI, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RgRѕ RјRµRЅRµ RјR°S” S‚R°RyeRµ SЃR°RјRµ RIS–RgS‡SѓS‚S‚S‚SЏ.

RўRѕ RIS–RЅ RјRµRЅS– RyeR°R¶Rµ: RјRё RIR°SЃ RЅS” RIRёRїSѓSЃS‚S–Rј R·R° RiSЂR°RЅS–S†Sѓ, RgR°R¶Rµ S”SЃR»Rё Sѓ RIR°SЃ R±SѓRgS”S‚ R¶RµRЅR° S”RISЂS”R№RyeR°.

RўRѕ SЏ S‚RѕRgS– RgSѓRјR°SЋ: SЏ R· S‚RёRј RїRѕR¶R°SЂS‚SѓRIR°RI, R° S‚RѕR№ RIR¶Rµ SЃS‚SѓRyeR°RЅSѓRI, S‰Rѕ R°R¶ SЃSЋRgRё RgS–R№S€R»Rѕ…

RљRѕR»Rё RїRѕRјRµSЂ R‘SЂRµR¶RЅS”RI S– RђRЅRgSЂRѕRїRѕRI SЃS‚R°RI R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRёRј SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRµRј, R° R¤RµRgRѕSЂS‡SѓRye RѕS‡RѕR»RёRI SЃRѕSЋR·RЅSѓ R±RµR·RїRµRyeSѓ, S‚Rѕ RI RјRµRЅRµ S…RѕR»RѕRg RїS–S€RѕRI RїRѕR·R° S€RyeS–SЂSѓ. R‘Rѕ SЏ SЃRѕR±S– RgSѓRјR°SЋ: RgR»SЏ RђRЅRgSЂRѕRїRѕRIR° SЏ R±SѓRI SЃRїSЂR°RIR° RЅRѕRјRµSЂ S‚R°RyeRёR№-S‚Rѕ, R° R¤RµRgRѕSЂS‡SѓRye RјRµRЅRµ R·RЅR°S”… RђR»Rµ RЅR° S‰R°SЃS‚SЏ RIS–RЅ RїRѕR±SѓRI S€S–SЃS‚SЊ RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI, R° RgR°R»S– SЃS‚R°RI RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂRѕRј RIRЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–S… SЃRїSЂR°RI S– SЏ RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ RјR°RI RgRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRЅRѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ S– RIS–RЅ RgRѕ RјRµRЅRµ".

RђRyeS†S–SЏ RI RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅS– R®SЂS–SЏ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R°, RЎRЁRђ. R‘S–R»SЏ RјS–RyeSЂRѕS„RѕRЅR° RЎRISЏS‚RѕSЃR»R°RI RљR°SЂR°RIR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№
RђRyeS†S–SЏ RI RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅS– R®SЂS–SЏ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R°, RЎRЁRђ. R‘S–R»SЏ RјS–RyeSЂRѕS„RѕRЅR° RЎRISЏS‚RѕSЃR»R°RI RљR°SЂR°RIR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№

R†RЅS€R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RїSЂRѕ R№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRµ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅR° R·R° RљR°R±R°SЂRgRёRЅRѕ-R‘R°R»RyeR°SЂS–S”SЋ:

"RљR°R№SЃRёRЅ RљSѓR»S–S”RI R±SѓRI S‚R°RyeRёR№ R±R°R»RyeR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕRµS‚. R’S–RЅ R±SѓRI RЅR° S„SЂRѕRЅS‚S– S– RyeRѕR»Rё R±R°R»RyeR°SЂS†S–RI RIRёSЃRµR»RёR»Rё, R№RѕRјSѓ RgRѕR·RIRѕR»RёR»Rё RI RїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeSѓ RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ RЅRµ S—S…R°S‚Rё RI RЎRµSЂRµRgRЅSЋ RђR·S–SЋ RЅR° R·R°SЃR»R°RЅRЅSЏ, R°R»Rµ RIS–RЅ SЃRyeR°R·R°RI – RЅS– SЏ RїRѕS—RgSѓ R·S– SЃRIRѕS—Rј RЅR°SЂRѕRgRѕRј S– R±SѓRI S‚R°Rј.

RќSѓ, R°R»Rµ RїRѕS‚S–Rј RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI S‡R»RµRЅRѕRј RїSЂRµR·RёRgS–S— R’RµSЂS…RѕRIRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ, S– RIS–RЅ RјR°RI SЂRѕR·RјRѕRISѓ R· SЂRѕRgRёRЅRѕSЋ RўRIR°SЂRgRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, R±Rѕ RgRѕR±SЂRµ R·RЅR°RI S—S…RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°: RЇ SЃ RIR°S€RёRј RѕS‚S†RѕRј RѕS‡S”RЅSЊ S…RѕSЂRѕS€Rѕ S– S”SЃR»S– S‡S”RiRѕ-RЅS”R±SѓRgSЊ RЅR°RgRѕ – RѕR±SЂR°S‰R°R№S‚RµSЃSЊ – SЏ RISЃSЊRѕ RgR»SЏ R’R°SЃ SЃRgRµR»R°SЋ.

Rђ S‚S–: RќR°Rј RЅS–S‡S”RiRѕ RЅS” RЅR°RgRѕ, RЅRѕ S‚R°Rј SЃS–RgS–S‚ S‚R°RyeRѕR№ R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…S”RIRёS‡ – S”RIRѕ S‚R°Rј SЃSѓRgS–R»S–, RI RќR°R»SЊS‡S–RyeRµ, RјRѕR¶RµS‚ RIRё RјRѕRiR»S– R± S”RјSѓ RїRѕRјRѕS‡SЊ.

Rђ RїRѕS‚S–Rј RIRѕRЅRё R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡R°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RgRЅS–RI S– S‚RѕR№: RџSЂRѕSЃS–S‚S” S‡S‚Rѕ S…RѕS‚S–S‚S”, S‚RѕR»SЊRyeRѕ RЅS” RµS‚Rѕ. RЇ RµS‚RѕRiRѕ RЅS” RјRѕRiSѓ…

R† SЏ R·RЅR°RI, S‰Rѕ SЏRye RIRёRјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»Rё RISЏR·RЅS–RI, S‚Rѕ R№ RјRѕS” RїSЂS–R·RIRёS‰Rµ RgRµSЃSЊ, RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ S…S‚Rѕ RїRѕRgR°RI, S– RIRѕRЅRё S‚Rѕ RIS–RgSЂR°R·Sѓ RIS–RgRyeRёRЅSѓR»Rё. R† S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ R¤RµRgRѕSЂS‡SѓRye SЃRyeR°R·R°RI – SЏ S‚Rѕ RISЃRµ R·RЅR°RI S– SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI, S‰Rѕ RјRµRЅRµ RЅRµ RѕR±RјS–RЅSЏSЋS‚SЊ RЅS– RЅR° RyeRѕRiRѕ. RќSѓ, RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ, RјRѕR¶Rµ S…S‚RѕSЃSЊ RїRѕRїR°RISЃSЏ R±Rё RIR¶Rµ S‚R°RyeRёR№ R·RЅR°RјRµRЅRёS‚RёR№, R°R»Rµ R№ S‚Rѕ RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ… RђR»Rµ S‚R°Rye – RЅS–".

RњRѕR»RѕRgSЊ RЎRЈRњSѓ R±RµSЂRµ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RI RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚RЅS–R№ R°RyeS†S–S— RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅS–R№ R®SЂS–SЋ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡Sѓ, R¤S–R»R°RgRµR»SЊS„S–SЏ, 1981 SЂ.
RњRѕR»RѕRgSЊ RЎRЈRњSѓ R±RµSЂRµ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RI RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚RЅS–R№ R°RyeS†S–S— RїSЂRёSЃRISЏS‡RµRЅS–R№ R®SЂS–SЋ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡Sѓ, R¤S–R»R°RgRµR»SЊS„S–SЏ, 1981 SЂ.

RџRѕR·R° S‚RёRј, S‰Rѕ R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°RI SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R· 1940-S… S– RїRѕ 1980-S–, RISЃRµ R¶, RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ SЃRµR±Rµ RgRѕ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°S†S–S— R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°: "RЇ RISЃRµ RѕRgRЅRѕ SЃRµR±Rµ RїSЂRёS‡RёSЃR»SЋRIR°RI RgRѕ S‚RѕS— RiRµRЅRµSЂR°S†S–S— – S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RёR№, R°R»Rµ R· S‚RѕS— RiRµRЅRµSЂR°S†S–S— –1940-1950-S…".

RќR°SЃR°RјRyeS–RЅRµS†SЊ, RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёRјRѕ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, RyeRѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°RyeSѓS” RI R№RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚S– (SЃRyeR°R¶S–RјRѕ, RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· R№RѕRiRѕ RiS–RјRЅR°R·S–R№RЅRёS… RѕRgRЅRѕR»S–S‚RyeS–RI R±SѓRI R›SЋR±RѕRјRёSЂ R“SѓR·R°SЂ - RЎ.R›.).

"R’Rё R·RЅR°S”S‚Rµ – RgSѓR¶Rµ R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS…. RќR°SЃ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RЅS–RyeRѕRiRѕ RЅRµ RѕSЃS‚R°R»RѕSЃSЏ. RњRё SЃRµR±Rµ SЏRyeRѕSЃSЊ R·RЅR°R»Rё, SЃRµR±Rµ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rё. RњRѕSЏ R¶S–RЅRyeR°, SЏRyeR° R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RЅR° RЅR°SЃ RgRёRIRёR»R°SЃSЏ, S‚Rѕ RyeR°R¶Rµ: R’Rё SЏRye R·R±RµSЂRµS‚RµSЃSЏ, SЏRye RјRё S‰Rµ R·R±RёSЂR°R»RёSЃSЏ – RIRё R·RѕRISЃS–Rј S–RЅS€S–, RIRё S‚R°Rye RѕRgRёRЅ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S”S‚Rµ, Sѓ RIR°SЃ SЏRyeR°SЃSЊ SЃRїRµS†RёS„S–S‡RЅR° SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIR°, RIRё S‚RѕRgS– RЅRµ S‚R°RyeS– SЏRye RISЃS–.

RћS‚ RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ S‚R°RyeRёS… SѓR¶Rµ S‚RµRїRµSЂ RЅRµRјR°. RџSЂRѕSЃS‚S– S…R»RѕRїS†S–, S–RЅS‚RµR»S–RiRµRЅS‚Rё, R°R»Rµ S—S… RIR¶Rµ RЅRµRјR°. R©Rµ RѕS‚ R”R°SЂRyeR° R“SѓSЃSЏRye, S‚Rѕ S—R№ 95 SЂRѕRyeS–RI, R° R†R»SЊRyeS–RI RћR»S– (RѕR±RёRgRIS– – R·RISЏR·RyeRѕRIS– R RѕRјR°RЅR° RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡R° – RЎ.R›.) RI S‡RµSЂRIRЅS– R±SѓRgRµ 100 SЂRѕRyeS–RI…".

R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ R· RјR°S‚S–SЂSЋ RЅR° R·R°SЃR»R°RЅRЅS–, 1983 SЂ.
R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡ R· RјR°S‚S–SЂSЋ RЅR° R·R°SЃR»R°RЅRЅS–, 1983 SЂ.

RќR° RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ SЏRye RїRѕS‡SѓRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ "RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–Rј RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡RµRј" S– RgRёRIRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° SЃRIS–R№ R¶RёS‚S‚S”RIRёR№ S€R»SЏS…, R·S–S‚S…R°S”:

"R”SѓRјR°R№ RЅRµ RgSѓRјR°R№ – S‚Rѕ RIR¶Rµ RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R·SЂRѕR±RёS€… R‘R°S‡RёS‚Rµ, R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ RЅR° RјRµRЅRµ S–RЅS€Sѓ RјS–SЃS–SЋ RїRѕRyeR»R°RI: R®SЂRyeSѓ, R° S…S‚Rѕ R±SѓRgRµ RїS–RgRЅS–RјR°S‚Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ SЏRye RјRё R·R°RiRёRЅRµRјRѕ… R† S‚Rѕ R±SѓR»R° RјRѕSЏ RјS–SЃS–SЏ S– SЏ RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕ RїS–RgRЅS–RјR°RI.

RЇRye SЏ RїSЂRёS—S…R°RI RgRѕ R›SЊRIRѕRIR° – S‚RѕRgS– R±SѓR»Rѕ S†S–RyeR°RIRѕ, RI R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– 1989-RiRѕ, SЏRyeSЂR°R· RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIRµR»RёRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgSѓ RgRѕ S†RµSЂRyeRIRё R®SЂR°, RyeRѕR»Rё RїR°SЂSѓ SЃRѕS‚RµRЅSЊ S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RiSЂRµRyeRѕ-RyeR°S‚RѕR»RёRyeS–RI RIRёR№S€R»Rѕ, RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RgRЅS–RI RїS–SЃR»SЏ RјRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRёS—R·RgSѓ RIR·SЏR»Rё Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– RїRµSЂS€Sѓ S†RµSЂRyeRISѓ – RџSЂRµRѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅRyeSѓ.

RђR»Rµ R¶ S‚SѓS‚ 40-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ R· RgRЅSЏ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– RјRѕRiRѕ R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°. Rђ S‚SѓS‚ Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– RѕRgRЅRµ, RgSЂSѓRiRµ, RЎS–S‡RѕRIS– RЎS‚SЂS–R»SЊS†S–, R° RїSЂRѕ RЈRџRђ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚SЊ – RISЃS– R±RѕSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ. R† SЏ, S– RџSЂRёS…RѕRgSЊRyeRѕ, SЏ R· RЅRёRј SЃRёRgS–RI RyeRѕR»RёSЃSЊ, S‰Rµ S‚R°Rј RїR°SЂSѓ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye SЂS–S€RёR»Rё RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёS‚Rё S†SЋ RgR°S‚Sѓ RI R‘S–R»RѕRiRѕSЂRѕS‰S–. RћS‚ RџR°SЂSѓR±S–R№ R· S…R»RѕRїS†SЏRјRё RЅR°SЃRёRїR°R»Rё SЃRёRјRIRѕR»S–S‡RЅSѓ RјRѕRiRёR»Sѓ, RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёR»Rё RgSѓR±RѕRIRёR№ S…SЂRµSЃS‚, R·R°RїR°R»RёR»Rё RIR°S‚SЂSѓ, SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRye RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIRёRI RїR°RЅR°S…RёRgSѓ RIRIRµS‡RµSЂS–.

R‘SѓR»R° RјRѕSЏ RјR°RјR°, RјRѕSЏ SЃRµSЃS‚SЂR°, R“SѓSЃSЏRye, R†R»SЊRyeS–RI S‰Rµ RїR°SЂSѓ R»SЋRgRµR№. RўRѕRgS– SЏ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїRёRI S– RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЏ RјRѕS”S— RјR°RјRё. R’RѕRЅR° RјRµRЅRµ RїRѕSЃR»SѓS…R°R»R° S– RyeR°R¶Rµ RgRѕ SЃRµSЃS‚SЂRё RјRѕS”S—, RgRѕ RњR°SЂSѓSЃS–: - Rђ RўRё R·RЅR°S”S€ – RЅR°S€ R®SЂRyeRѕ RgRѕR±SЂRµ RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚SЊ.

R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡:
R®SЂS–R№ RЁSѓS…RµRIRёS‡: "R‘R°S‡RёS‚Rµ, R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ RЅR° RјRµRЅRµ S–RЅS€Sѓ RјS–SЃS–SЋ RїRѕRyeR»R°RI: R®SЂRyeSѓ, R° S…S‚Rѕ R±SѓRgRµ RїS–RgRЅS–RјR°S‚Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ SЏRye RјRё R·R°RiRёRЅRµRјRѕ… R† S‚Rѕ R±SѓR»R° RјRѕSЏ RјS–SЃS–SЏ S– SЏ RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕ RїS–RgRЅS–RјR°RI"

R† S‚Rѕ SЏRyeSЂR°R· R±SѓR»Rѕ 5 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1990-RiRѕ. Rђ S‚R°Rye S‚SѓS‚ RISЃS– R·R°RјRѕRIS‡R°R»Rё, RЅS–R±Rё RїSЂRёS‚RёS…R»Rё: R° S‰Rѕ R±SѓRgRµ? RљTђR‘ R¶Rµ R¶ R№ RISЃRµ, R°R»Rµ RѕR±S–R№S€R»RѕSЃSЏ S– R· S‚RѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ RїSЂRѕ RЈRџRђ RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё.

RЇRyeR±Rё RјRµRЅS– S‰Rµ SЂR°R· RgRѕRIRµR»RѕSЃSЏ S‚R°Rye RїSЂRѕR¶RёS‚Rё R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ – S‚Rѕ SЏ, RїRѕRїSЂRё RISЃRµ, RїSЂRѕR¶RёRI R±Rё R№RѕRiRѕ S‚R°Rye".


RќR° R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RїR°RЅ R®SЂS–R№ RїRµSЂRµRїRёS‚SѓS”: RўRѕ RIRё RЅRµ RyeSѓSЂRёS‚Rµ? RЁRyeRѕRgR°, S‰Rѕ R’Rё RЅRµ RyeSѓSЂRёS‚Rµ…

RЇRye RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeS– RIRёR±RѕSЂRё RI R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅS– 100 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ?

R’RёR±RѕSЂS‡RёR№ RyeRѕRgRµRyeSЃ, SЏRyeRёR№ RїRѕS‡R°RI RgS–SЏS‚Rё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R· RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 2020 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, SЃSѓS‚S‚S”RIRѕ R·RјS–RЅSЋS” RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRї RiRѕR»RѕSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, RїRµSЂRµRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ RiRѕR»RѕSЃS–RI Sѓ RјR°RЅRgR°S‚Rё, RЅR°SЂS–R·RyeSѓ RѕRyeSЂSѓRiS–RI, S‰Rѕ, R·RIS–SЃRЅRѕ, RЅRµ RѕRјRёRЅRµ S– R›SЊRIS–RIS‰RёRЅSѓ. R¦Rµ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°S” RїRµRIRЅS– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅS– RїR°SЂR°R»RµR»S– R· 1907 SЂRѕRyeRѕRј, RyeRѕR»Rё RI RђRISЃS‚SЂRѕ-RЈRiRѕSЂS‰RёRЅS– RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЏ RIRёR±RѕSЂS‡R° SЂRµS„RѕSЂRјR°, SЏRyeR° SЃSѓS‚S‚S”RIRѕ R·RјS–RЅRёR»R° RїSЂR°RIRёR»R° RIRёR±RѕSЂS–RI Sѓ R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅS–. RўRѕRgS– RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RЅRѕ RјR°R¶RѕSЂRёS‚R°SЂRЅR° RIRёR±RѕSЂS‡R° SЃRёSЃS‚RµRјR°, SЏRyeR° RIS–RgS‚RµRїRµSЂ RЅRµ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… S– RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёS… RIRёR±SЂS–RI RgRѕ SЂR°Rg S–R· RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЋ RIRёR±RѕSЂS†S–RI R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ SЏRye 90 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RѕSЃS–R±

RђRyeSѓR»R° RїRµSЂR° Sѓ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»S–. R”Rѕ RgRЅSЏ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RџRµS‚SЂR° R¤RµRgSѓRЅR°-"RџRѕR»S‚R°RIRё"

RќR° RїRѕS€SѓRye S– R»S–RyeRIS–RgR°S†S–SЋ RѕRgRЅS–S”S— R»SЋRgRёRЅRё Sѓ 1951 SЂRѕS†S– V«SЃRѕRIS”S‚RёV» RyeRёRЅSѓR»Rё 4 574 RѕS„S–S†RµSЂS–RI S– SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI, S–R· RЅRёS… vЂ“ 60 S–RЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚RѕSЂS–RI S–R· 110 SЃR»SѓR¶R±RѕRIRѕ-SЂRѕR·S€SѓRyeRѕRIRёRјRё SЃRѕR±R°RyeR°RјRё, 500 RyeSѓSЂSЃR°RЅS‚S–RI RЅR°RIS‡R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ R·R°RiRѕRЅSѓ RњR“R‘, 230 R°RIS‚RѕRјR°S€RёRЅ. RљRёRј R±SѓRI R»RµRiRµRЅRgR°SЂRЅRёR№ V«RџRѕR»S‚R°RIR°V», S‰Rѕ RЅR° R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕS€SѓRyeRё SЃRїRѕSЂSЏRgRёR»Rё RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RїRѕR»RyeS–RI S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚S–RI?

R“RѕRgRёRЅR° RїR°RїSѓRiRё. R”S–S‚Rё RїRёS€SѓS‚SЊ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅSѓ

R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‡SѓRI, SЏRye S‚SѓS‚ RyeR°R¶SѓS‚SЊ: "RўRѕ S‡RѕSЂS‚ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕSЋ S–RgRµ". RќS–R±RёS‚Rѕ, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RyeRёRЅSѓS‚Rё Sѓ RIRёS…RѕSЂ SЃRѕRyeRёSЂRѕSЋ vЂ” RїRѕS‚RµS‡Rµ RyeSЂRѕRI. R”RёRIRЅS– S‚SѓS‚ R·R°R±RѕR±RѕRЅRё. RЈS‡RѕSЂR° S‚S– "S‡RѕSЂS‚Rё" RIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕRїS–Rg RЅRѕRiR°RјRё S– RїRµSЂRµR±S–RiR°R»Rё RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ R·R±SѓRgR¶RµRЅRёRј S– SѓSЃRјS–S…RЅRµRЅRёRј RyeRѕR»RµRiR°Rј R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. R’S–RЅ R·R°R·RgSЂRёRI S‰R°SЃS‚SЋ RyeRѕR»RµRi, SЏRyeS– RIR¶Rµ RїS–S€R»Rё R·R° RyeRѕR»SЋS‡RёR№ RgSЂS–S‚ S– S‚R°R±S–SЂRЅS– RјSѓSЂRё Sѓ RgR°R»RµRyeRёR№, S€RёSЂRѕRyeRёR№ SЃRIS–S‚.

R‘SЂR°S‚Rё RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeS– S– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg. R§R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° R†

RћRgRЅRёRј S–R· RIR°RiRѕRјRёS… RµRїS–R·RѕRgS–RI Sѓ R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, SЏRye S– RI R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°S‚R° R±R». SЃRIS‰RјS‡. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–SЏ vЂ” RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeR° RќR°SЂRѕRgS–RI RЎRIS–S‚Sѓ, S” S—S…RЅSЏ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRyeSѓ RiR°R»RёS†SЊRyeRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ. R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— S‡RµSЂRїR°S”RјRѕ R·S– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI RѕS‡RµRIRёRgS†S–RI, RџRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI vЂ” SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR° R±SЂR°S‚S–RI, SЏRye S– RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅR° RЅR° RїRѕRiR°S€RµRЅRЅSЏ R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS—RI Sѓ S‚RѕRgS–S€RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS–, S…RѕS‡R° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅR° SЃR°RјRёRј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚RѕRј. RџR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃ Sѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ Rѕ. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–R№ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓRI RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRёR№ V«RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚SѓV» R·R° RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ, RЅR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R°SЃR»SѓRiR°Rј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ Sѓ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ.