RџSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RGS–SЂRѕR°RyeS– RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ: R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·Rј

R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS” RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RI RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ S„RѕSЂRјS–. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RјRѕRI, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S–RgRµR№, RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RISЃS–Rј S†RёRј. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ S” S†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRј S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R† SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RIRё R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїR»R°RЅS– SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃRѕRј, S‚Rѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ R±SѓRgRµ RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»RµRiS€Rµ. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS–, SЏ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ RљRёS—RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg R·RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S†RёRјRё R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё.

RGS–SЂRѕR°RyeS– RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ

R”Rѕ 28-S— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RI R R°RgS–Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSЃ.R RµR°R»S–S— RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‡RёRј R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RѕRЅRёRI R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ, SЏRye SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅ RIRїR»RёRЅSѓRI RЅR° SЃR°RјRµ RїRѕRЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°", R№ RyeRѕR»Rё RїRѕS‡R°R»RёSЃSЏ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIRё RїSЂRѕ "RЅR°SЂRѕRg R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ" SЏRye RїSЂRѕ S‰RѕSЃSЊ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRµ RIS–Rg SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI.

"R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓS” S†Rµ S–RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ S–R· R»SЋR±SЏR·RЅRѕRiRѕ RgRѕR·RIRѕR»Sѓ R R°RgS–Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSЃ.R RµR°R»S–S— S‚R° "R R°RgS–Rѕ RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgR°".

RGS–SЂRѕR°RyeS– RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ – R°RјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye SЏRїRѕRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёS… S‚R° RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RIS–RgRѕRјRёS… Sѓ SЃRIS–S‚S– S„R°S…S–RIS†S–RI R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ. R’RёRIS‡R°SЋS‡Rё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RЎR RЎR  RїRµSЂS–RѕRgSѓ SЃS‚R°R»S–RЅS–R·RјSѓ, RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– "RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRgRѕRIRё" RIS–RЅ R·R°S†S–RyeR°RIRёRISЃSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ – S– R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ 8 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїSЂRѕRїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RI R°SЂS…S–RIR°S… R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeR°, R›SѓRiR°RЅSЃSЊRyeR° S‚R° S–RЅS€RёS… RјS–SЃS‚ SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅSѓ.

RђRIS‚RѕSЂ RyeRЅRёRi "RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgR° S– S‚RµSЂRѕSЂ RЅR° R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃS–: SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRµ RїSЂRёRyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅSЏ Sѓ 1870–1990-S… SЂRѕRyeR°S…" S‚R° "R—SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ".

– R’Rё RїSЂRѕRїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»Rё RЅR° R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃS– R· RїRµSЂRµSЂRIR°RјRё RјR°R№R¶Rµ 8 SЂRѕRyeS–RI. R©Rѕ RIR°SЃ S‚R°Rye R·R°S‡RµRїRёR»Rѕ?

– RљRѕR»Rё SЏ S‡RёS‚R°RI Sѓ R°SЂS…S–RIR°S… RiR°R·RµS‚Rё 1920–30-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI, S‚Rѕ S‚R°Rј R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏRISЃSЏ SЏRye RIRµR»RёRyeR° RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјR°. R¦Rµ R±SѓRI S†RµRЅS‚SЂ RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRј! RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ S‚RµR¶ RЅRµRѕRgRЅRѕSЂR°R·RѕRIRѕ RIRёSЃR»RѕRIR»SЋRIR°RISЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ SЏRye RїSЂRѕ RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјSѓ.

RњRµRЅS– R·R°S…RѕS‚S–R»RѕSЃSЏ RgS–R·RЅR°S‚RёSЃSЏ, R° S‡RѕRјSѓ S†Rµ S‚R°Rye? R§RѕRјSѓ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёRI S‚R°RyeSѓ RIRµR»RёRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјSѓ RgR»SЏ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё? RњRµRЅS– R·R°S…RѕS‚S–R»RѕSЃSЏ S‚SѓRgRё RїRѕS—S…R°S‚Rё, S‰RѕR± RїS–R·RЅR°S‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ. RњRµRЅRµ R·R°RIR¶RgRё S†S–RyeR°RIRёR»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° SЏRye SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIRѕ RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI, Sѓ RјRµRЅRµ R±SѓR»Rё SЏRyeS–SЃSЊ SЂRѕRјR°RЅS‚RёS‡RЅS– SѓSЏRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI.

R†, R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕ, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ R±SѓRI S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRѕSЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeRѕS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, RјRµRЅRµ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚Rѕ SЃRїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ S†Rµ S– R·R°S†S–RyeR°RIRёR»Rѕ. RњRµRЅS– R·R°S…RѕS‚S–R»RѕSЃSЏ RїRѕS—S…R°S‚Rё S– RїRѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёS‚RёSЃSЏ R· R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃRѕRј. R† RјRµRЅRµ, R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕ, RIS–RЅ RЅRµ SЂRѕR·S‡R°SЂSѓRIR°RI! (RЎRјS–S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ). R›SЋRgRё RgSѓR¶Rµ S†S–RyeR°RIS–, RgRѕR±SЂS–, R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅS–.

RўRµSЂRёRyeRѕRЅ RЅR° R·R°S…S–RgRЅS–R№ RѕRyeRѕR»RёS†S– R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeR°
RўRµSЂRёRyeRѕRЅ RЅR° R·R°S…S–RgRЅS–R№ RѕRyeRѕR»RёS†S– R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeR°

– Rђ SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёR№ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RIRё RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RЅR°R·RIR°S‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ R·RµRјR»RµSЋ?

– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ R±SѓRI R·R°RIR¶RgRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј. R’S–RЅ R±SѓRI S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRѕSЋ R”RёRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»SЏ (S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚SЊ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RI RџSЂRёR°R·RѕRISЃSЊRyeRёS… S– RџSЂRёS‡RѕSЂRЅRѕRјRѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃS‚RµRїR°S…, RјR°R»RѕR·R°SЃRµR»RµRЅR° S– RѕSЃRIRѕS”RЅR°, RI RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRѕRјSѓ, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RyeRѕR·R°RyeR°RјRё – R”.Rў.).

R’S–RЅ R·RgRµR±S–R»SЊS€RѕRiRѕ R±SѓRI R·RµRјR»RµSЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI. RЇ R± SЃRyeR°R·R°RI, S‰Rѕ S‚R°Rј S” SЃSѓS‚SЊ SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЃRIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЃS‚S–, S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ SЃRIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЃS‚S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё SЏRye R·RµRјR»S– RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕS— S– RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS—, SЏRyeR° RIS–RgSЂS–R·RЅSЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RIS–Rg SЃR°RјRѕRgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕS— R RѕSЃS–S— S– R°SЂRёSЃS‚RѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–.

RџR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃR°R»SЊRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RїRµRIRЅRѕSЋ RјS–SЂRѕSЋ SЃR°RјRµ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ, SЏRyeR° RIRyeR»SЋS‡R°R»R° R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ. R—R° S‡R°SЃS–RI S†R°SЂRёR·RјSѓ RIR·R°RiR°R»S– R±SѓR»R° R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRµRЅR° SЃR°RјR° S–RgRµSЏ, RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЏ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°" (S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё "RњR°R»RѕSЂRѕSЃS–SЏ" S– "RќRѕRIRѕSЂRѕSЃS–SЏ").



RўSЂRµR±R° RїS–RgRyeSЂRµSЃR»RёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё, RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ R›RµRЅS–RЅ, RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ S” S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRѕSЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R’S–RЅ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїRёRI RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёRI SЃRµRїR°SЂR°S‚RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeSѓ R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeRѕ-RљSЂRёRIRѕSЂS–R·SЊRyeSѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓ (RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRµ S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRµ R¤RµRgRѕSЂRѕRј RЎRµSЂRiS”S”RIRёRј (RђSЂS‚RµRјRѕRј) RI SЃS–S‡RЅS– 1918-RiRѕ S– S‡RµSЂRµR· SЂS–Rye R»S–RyeRIS–RgRѕRIR°RЅRµ R›RµRЅS–RЅRёRј – R”.Rў.).

R”Rѕ SЂRµS‡S–, RIR°SЂS‚Rѕ R·R°SѓRIR°R¶RёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ R RѕSЃS–S— RџSѓS‚S–RЅ RyeSЂRёS‚RёRyeSѓRIR°RI R›RµRЅS–RЅR° SЃR°RјRµ R·R° S†Rµ, RIRIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё, S‰Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ – S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° "RќRѕRIRѕSЂRѕSЃS–S—". RќRѕRIRѕSЂRѕSЃS–SЏ – S†Rµ, R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕ, RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЏ, SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅR° R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ R†RјRїRµSЂS–S”SЋ.

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ R· RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ R· RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ "R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ.RЎS–RјRµR№RЅRёR№ S„RѕS‚RѕR°SЂS…S–RI"/R R°RgS–Rѕ RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgR°

– RЇRye R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RIRїR»RёRЅSѓRI RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅSѓ S–RgRµSЋ?

– RњR°R»Rѕ S…S‚Rѕ RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡R°S” S†Rµ, R°R»Rµ RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRѕ RiRѕR»RѕSЃRЅRѕ SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓRIR°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ SЃRїSЂR°RIRёRI S–SЃS‚RѕS‚RЅRёR№ RIRїR»RёRI RЅR° SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ SЂSѓS… – SЃR°RјRµ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёR·SѓSЋS‡RёR№ RIRїR»RёRI.

RџRѕSЏSЃRЅSЋ. R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSЊRyeRµ RїRѕRЅSЏS‚S‚SЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏR»Rѕ R°R»SЊS‚RµSЂRЅR°S‚RёRIRЅSѓ S–RgRµSЋ, RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, SЏRyeR° RIS–RgSЂS–R·RЅSЏR»R°SЃSЏ RIS–Rg S–RgRµS— S–RЅS‚RµRiSЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·RјSѓ. R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ – S†Rµ R·RЅR°S‡RёS‚SЊ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RgR»SЏ RISЃS–S…" RїSЂRѕS‚Rё "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RgR»SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI".

R†RЅS‚RµRiSЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·Rј R±SѓRI RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅRѕSЋ S–RgRµS”SЋ, S‚R°Rye SЏRye RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RIS–RЅ RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RёRI S–RЅS€S– RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– – SЂRѕSЃS–SЏRЅ, S”RISЂRµS—RI, RїRѕR»SЏRyeS–RI, RЅS–RјS†S–RI S‚R° S–RЅS€RёS…, SЏRyeS– R±SѓR»Rё R¶RёS‚RµR»SЏRјRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

R†RЅR°RyeS€Rµ RyeR°R¶SѓS‡Rё, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ SѓRѕSЃRѕR±R»SЋRIR°RI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R¦Rµ SЃR°RјRµ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RyeRѕR·R°S†S‚RIRѕ SѓRѕSЃRѕR±R»SЋRIR°R»Rѕ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ. RЈ S†SЊRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ S–SЃS‚RѕS‚RЅRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№.

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ R· RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ R· RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ "R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ.RЎS–RјRµR№RЅRёR№ S„RѕS‚RѕR°SЂS…S–RI"/R R°RgS–Rѕ RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgR°

RўSѓS‚ RјRµRЅS– S…RѕS‡RµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°RiR°RgR°S‚Rё RgSѓR¶Rµ S†S–RyeR°RIS– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgRё R„RIRiRµRЅR° RЎS‚R°S…S–RIR° (RgS–SЏS‡ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ RЅR° R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃS– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё – R”.Rў.). R’S–RЅ SЏRye RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRye RћRЈRќ (Rњ) (RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ RgRµS‰Rѕ RїRѕRјRёR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, R°RgR¶Rµ R„RIRiRµRЅ RЎS‚R°S…S–RI RЅR°R»RµR¶R°RI RgRѕ RћRЈRќ (R‘), R° R·RiRѕRgRѕRј RgRѕ RћRЈRќ (R—) S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RIS–RgRѕRјRёS…, SЏRye "RgRIS–R№RyeR°SЂS–RI" – R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°) RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕ RЅR° R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃS– RїS–Rg RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕSЋ RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S”SЋ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё.

R„RIRiRµRЅ RЎS‚R°S…S–RI. R‘S–R»SЊS€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‡RёS‚R°R№S‚Rµ Sѓ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»S–:
R„RIRiRµRЅ RЎS‚R°S…S–RI. R‘S–R»SЊS€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‡RёS‚R°R№S‚Rµ Sѓ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»S–:
RџSЂR°RIRёR»R° R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ R„RIRiRµRЅR° RЎS‚R°S…RѕRIR°

R’S–RЅ R±SѓRI RїRѕSЃR»S–RgRѕRIRЅRёRyeRѕRј S–RЅS‚RµRiSЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·RјSѓ R”RјRёS‚SЂR° R”RѕRЅS†RѕRIR° (SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRye S– RїSѓR±R»S–S†RёSЃS‚, R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR»R°S‚S„RѕSЂRјRё RћRЈRќ – R”.Rў.).

RђR»Rµ, RїSЂR°S†SЋSЋS‡Rё RЅR° R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃS–, RIS–RЅ RїSЂRёR№S€RѕRI RgRѕ RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ, S‰Rѕ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RgR»SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI" RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїS–RgS…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ S– S‰Rѕ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RgR»SЏ RISЃS–S…" – S†Rµ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIRgR°R»Rµ S– RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRµ RgR»SЏ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ S– RgR»SЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RI S†S–R»RѕRјSѓ S„RѕSЂRјSѓR»SЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ.

R† S‚R°Rye RIS–RЅ SЃS‚R°RI "RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RѕRј. RЎS‚R°S…S–RI RѕRїRёRЅRёRISЃSЏ Sѓ RЎRЁRђ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё, R°R»Rµ RISЃRµ SЃRIRѕS” R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RIS–RЅ R·R°R»RёS€RёRISЃSЏ RIRgSЏS‡RЅRёR№ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ R·R° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ SЃS‚R°RI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёRј RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RѕRј.

RџR°RЅRѕSЂR°RјR° S€R°S…S‚Rё
RџR°RЅRѕSЂR°RјR° S€R°S…S‚Rё "RџS–RIRgRµRЅRЅRѕRgRѕRЅR±R°SЃSЊRyeR°-1", R’SѓRiR»RµRgR°SЂ

– R’Rё RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»Rё S– RI RњRѕSЃRyeRIS–. R§RёRј RIS–RgSЂS–R·RЅSЏSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– S‚R° SЂRѕSЃS–SЏRЅRё?

– RЇ R±SѓRgSѓ RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂSѓ. RЈ R RѕSЃS–S—, RЅRµR·RIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё RЅR° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ S” RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚Rё, RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅR° RIR»R°RgR° RgSѓR¶Rµ RISЃRµRѕSЃSЏR¶RЅR°, RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅR°, R° RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RIR»R°RgSѓ S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ RЅRµ S‚R°Rye RIRёRgRЅRѕ.

R’ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– S” R°S‚RјRѕSЃS„RµSЂR° SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgRё. R† S†Rµ, SЏ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, RIS–RgRѕR±SЂR°R¶R°S” S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. RњRѕR¶Rµ, S†Rµ RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°S” S– R±RµR·R»R°Rg RgR»SЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, R°R»Rµ R·R°S‚Rµ S†Rµ RЅRµ SЃR°RјRѕRgRµSЂR¶R°RISЃS‚RIRѕ, RЅRµ RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂR°.

RЇ RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRёR№, S‰Rѕ RїRѕRїSЂRё RISЃS– SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIRё RїSЂRѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ, SЏRye S‰RѕSЃSЊ RЅS–R±RёS‚Rѕ RЅRµRgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRµ, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ R·R°RIR¶RgRё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏRI SЃRIRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRgSѓ RїSЂRѕS‚RёRIR°RiSѓ R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚R°SЂRЅRёRј S‚RµRЅRgRµRЅS†S–SЏRј S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ RIR»R°RgRё.

RџSЂR°RIRgR°, RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–SЏ – S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ RgRёSЃS„SѓRЅRyeS†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅR°, S– RѕRїS–SЂ S– R±SѓRЅS‚R°SЂSЃS‚RIRѕ RЅRµ R·R°RIR¶RgRё RїSЂRѕRgSѓRyeS‚RёRIRЅS–, R°R»Rµ S‚R°RyeS– RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїRё R±R°R»R°RЅSЃSѓSЋS‚SЊ RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅS–, R°RЅS‚RёRgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅS– S‚RµRЅRgRµRЅS†S–S—.



– RљRѕR»Rё RїRѕS‡R°R»RёSЃSЏ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIRё, S‰Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ – S†Rµ RЅRµ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°, R° R RѕSЃS–SЏ R°R±Rѕ RIR·R°RiR°R»S– S‰RѕSЃSЊ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRµ?

– R’RїRµSЂS€Rµ, RїRѕ SЃSѓS‚S–, S†Rµ R·SЏRIRёR»RѕSЃSЏ RїS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RyeRѕR»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё SЃRµRїR°SЂR°S‚RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeSѓ R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeRѕ-RљSЂRёRIRѕSЂS–R·SЊRyeSѓ SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓ. R¦Rµ RISЃS–Rј RIS–RgRѕRјRѕ.

RђR»Rµ R›RµRЅS–RЅ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїRёRI RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ, RIRIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё, S‰Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RјR°S” R±SѓS‚Rё R· S–RЅS€RѕSЋ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRѕSЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R‘RµR· R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RЅRµ RIS–RgR±SѓRgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ. R† RIS–RЅ SЂRѕR·RїSѓSЃS‚RёRI R”RљR .

RџS–SЃR»SЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ, SЏ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, R¶RёS‚RµR»S– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ R¶RёR»Rё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, R° RЅRµ RI R RѕSЃS–S— – S…RѕS‡R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° S– R±SѓR»R° S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRѕSЋ RЎR RЎR . Rђ RyeRѕR»Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° SЃS‚R°R»R° RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЋ – R¶RёS‚RµR»S– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё SЃRµR±Rµ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRјRё.

RћRgRЅR°Rye RIS‚SЂSѓS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ R RѕSЃS–S— R·RјS–RЅRёR»Rѕ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ R°R±SЃRѕR»SЋS‚RЅRѕ. R—SЏRIRёR»R°SЃSЏ R°R»SЊS‚RµSЂRЅR°S‚RёRIR°. R‘RµR· S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RIS‚SЂSѓS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ, R±RµR· S†S–S”S— RIS–R№RЅRё, R±RµR· R°RЅRµRyeSЃS–S— RљSЂRёRјSѓ R RѕSЃS–S”SЋ RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ R± RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ.

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ R· RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ R· RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ "R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ.RЎS–RјRµR№RЅRёR№ S„RѕS‚RѕR°SЂS…S–RI"/R R°RgS–Rѕ RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgR°

RўR°Rye, S” RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R·R°R±RѕR±RѕRЅRё, S‰Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RЅRµSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№, R°R»Rµ S†Rµ RЅRµRїSЂR°RIRgR°. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, RIR°R¶R»RёRIRѕ R·R°SЏRIRёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ R±SѓRI R·R°RIR¶RgRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј. R¦Rµ RЅRµ RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°S”, S‰Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ R·R°RIR¶RgRё R±SѓRI R·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRёR№ RљRёS”RIRѕRј, S” RЅRµRIRgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ, R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕ.

RђR»Rµ S‡RѕRјSѓ RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡ SЃS‚R°RI RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј? R’S–RЅ R¶Rµ SЃS‚R°RI RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё – S– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ SЏRye S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё! R¦Rµ S‚SЂRѕS…Rё RїR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃR°R»SЊRЅRѕ, R°R»Rµ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡ RIRIR°R¶R°RI SЃRµR±Rµ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†RµRј.

– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RgSѓR¶Rµ RїRѕRIS–R»SЊRЅRѕ SѓSЃRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЋS” SЃRµR±Rµ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRѕRgS–R№ 2014 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R’ S‡RѕRјSѓ SЃRїSЂR°RIR°, SЏRye RgSѓRјR°S”S‚Rµ?

– R–RёS‚RµR»S– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ S‚R°Rye RyeR°R¶SѓS‚SЊ, R°R»Rµ S†Rµ RЅRµ RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°S”, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕ S‚R°Rye RgSѓRјR°SЋS‚SЊ. RњRµRЅS– R·RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»SЋRgRµR№ S‰Rµ RЅRµ R·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅS– RљRёS”RIRѕRј. R©Rѕ SЂRѕR±RёS‚SЊ RљRёS—RI? R’S–RЅ RgRѕRїRѕRјR°RiR°S” RїRµSЂRµSЃRµR»RµRЅS†SЏRј.

RЇRyeS‰Rѕ RIS–R№RЅR° R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ, S– RљRёS—RI RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ – S‡Rё R±SѓRgRµ RљRёS—RI RgRѕRїRѕRјR°RiR°S‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ? RњRµRЅS– R·RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ R¶RёS‚RµR»S– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ S‚R°RyeRёRј S‡RёRЅRѕRј RIRёSЃR»RѕRIR»SЋSЋS‚SЊ SЃRIRѕS” RЅRµRIRgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ, SЃRIRѕS— RїRѕR±RѕSЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ. RђR»Rµ RISЂRµS€S‚S–-SЂRµS€S‚, S—S…RЅSЏ RgSѓRјRyeR° S– SѓSЏRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ R·RјS–RЅSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ.



– RЈ SЃRIRѕS—S… RyeRЅRёRiR°S…, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°, "R—SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ", RIRё RѕRїRёSЃSѓS”S‚Rµ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕSЃS‚S– SЃRIS–S‚RѕRiR»SЏRgSѓ R¶RёS‚RµR»S–RI SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅSѓ: RїSЂR°RiRјR°S‚RёR·Rј, RЅRµRgRѕRIS–SЂR° RgRѕ RIR»R°RgRё, "RЅRµRЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS– S–RgRµRЅS‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЃS‚S–" – R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ R·RIRёS‡RЅRёS… RЅR°Rј S–RgRµRЅS‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ "SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ", "S”RISЂRµR№", "SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№"; "SѓRgR°RIR°RЅR° RIS–RgSЃSѓS‚RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRїRѕRIRѕSЃS‚S–" – S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ, RyeRѕR»Rё R¶RёS‚RµR»S– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ RЅS–R±RёS‚Rѕ R·RiRѕRgRЅS– RЅR° RISЃRµ, S‰RѕR± RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°S‚Rё R±R°R¶R°RЅRµ, R° RїRѕS‚S–Rј RїSЂRµRgSЏRIR»SЏSЋS‚SЊ RїSЂRµS‚RµRЅR·S–S—; S‡RѕSЂRЅRѕ-R±S–R»Rµ R±R°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ; SЃS‚S–R№RyeRµ RIS–RgS‡SѓS‚S‚SЏ, S‰Rѕ S—S…RЅS–R№ SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅ R·R°RIR¶RgRё – R¶RµSЂS‚RIR° RiR»RѕR±R°R»SЊRЅRёS… SЃRёR», "SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgR° RIS–Rg" R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ "SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgRё RgR»SЏ", S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRЅRѕS— RgR»SЏ S‚RёS… R¶Rµ RЎRЁRђ; RЅR°SЃS‚SЂS–R№ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R±SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeRёS… SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†SЊ – S‡Rё S‚Rѕ RљRёS—RI, S‡Rё RњRѕSЃRyeRIR°.

RЈSЃS– S†S– SЂRёSЃRё R·SЏRIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅRµ RЅR° SЂS–RIRЅRѕRјSѓ RјS–SЃS†S–, R° S‡RµSЂRµR· SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅSѓ, RyeSЂRёRIR°RISѓ S– RЅR°SЃRёS‡RµRЅSѓ RїRѕRgS–SЏRјRё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ. RЇRye R±Rё RIRё RїRѕSЂR°RgRёR»Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, RѕR·RёSЂR°SЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RЅR° RISЃSЋ S†SЋ SЃRїRµS†RёS„S–RyeSѓ, RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–RyeSѓRIR°S‚Rё R· R¶RёS‚RµR»SЏRјRё RѕRyeSѓRїRѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅSѓ R·R°SЂR°R·?

– R¦Rµ S†S–RyeR°RIRµ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ SЂS–R·RЅRѕSЂS–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ – S†Rµ RgSѓR¶Rµ RiR°SЂRЅR° SЏRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ. RњRё RЅRµ R»SЋR±RёRјRѕ RѕRgRЅRѕSЂS–RgRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RќR°R№RIR°R¶R»RёRIS–S€Rµ RgR»SЏ RљRёS”RIR° – S†Rµ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ R±S–R»SЊS€ RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ, RIRёRiS–RgRЅRѕSЋ, R¶RIR°RIRѕSЋ, S†S–RyeR°RIS–S€RѕSЋ, RЅS–R¶ R RѕSЃS–SЏ.

R¦S– R»SЋRgRё, SЏRyeS– R¶RёRISѓS‚SЊ Sѓ RїSЂRёRyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… SЂR°R№RѕRЅR°S…, RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЋRIR°S‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ R· R RѕSЃS–S”SЋ. R† SЏRyeS‰Rѕ R RѕSЃS–SЏ RїSЂRѕS†RIS–S‚R°S”, S‚Rѕ S†Rµ RgSѓR¶Rµ RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅRѕ. RљRёS”RISѓ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRѕ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS‚Rё S…RѕSЂRѕS€Sѓ RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRISѓ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

R–RёS‚RµR»S– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ S‚R°RyeS– R¶, SЏRye S– R¶RёS‚RµR»S– SЂRµS€S‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. RќRµ RјRѕR¶RЅR° R±R°S‡RёS‚Rё R¶RёS‚RµR»S–RI R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃSѓ S‡RµSЂRµR· RїSЂRёR·RјSѓ R·R°R±RѕR±RѕRЅS–RI. RЈ R±SѓRgSЊ-SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS– S” S‚R°RyeS– R·R°R±RѕR±RѕRЅRё RЅRµRgRѕRIS–SЂRё.

R’Rё R¶ R·RЅR°S”S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RђRјRµSЂRёS†S–. RЈ RЅR°SЃ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R·R°R±RѕR±RѕRЅS–RI. R¦Rµ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ S‚SЂRµR±R° RїRѕRgRѕR»R°S‚Rё SЏRyeRёRјRѕSЃSЊ S‡RёRЅRѕRј. RЈSЂSЏRg RјRѕR¶Rµ SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё S‰RѕSЃSЊ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїR»R°RЅS–. R¦Rµ RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјR° SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIR°, R° R№ RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјR° RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё. RЈ RјRµRЅRµ RЅRµRјR°S” S…RѕSЂRѕS€RёS… RїRѕSЂR°Rg R· S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRёRIRѕRgSѓ, R°R»Rµ SЏ R±R°S‡Sѓ R·R·RѕRIRЅS–, S‰Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RјRѕR¶Rµ RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S†RёRјRё RIR°R¶RyeRёRјRё RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏRјRё.

– RЇRye R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RIRїR»RёRЅRµ RI RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ RЅR° RјRѕRgRµSЂRЅSѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅSѓ S–RgRµSЋ, RЅR° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RIRIR°R¶R°S‚RёRјSѓS‚SЊ "SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј" RЅR°S€S– RЅR°S‰R°RgRyeRё?

– RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS” RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RI RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ S„RѕSЂRјS–. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RјRѕRI, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S–RgRµR№, RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RISЃS–Rј S†RёRј. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ S” S†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRј S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

R† SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RIRё R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїR»R°RЅS– SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃRѕRј, S‚Rѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ R±SѓRgRµ RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»RµRiS€Rµ. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS–, SЏ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ RљRёS—RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg R·RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S†RёRјRё R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё.

R§RµSЃR°RЅS–RI. RњS–SЃS‚Rѕ RЅR° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRёRyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅS–

R”RѕR»SЏ RјS–SЃS‚R° RyeRѕR»RёRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ RјS–R¶ RgRIRѕRјR° S‚RѕS‚R°R»S–S‚R°SЂRЅRёRјRё SЂRµR¶RёRјR°RјRё. 22 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1939 RgRѕ RјS–SЃS‚RµS‡RyeR° SѓRIS–R№S€R»Rё RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeS– S‚R°RЅRyeRѕRIS– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°. R—RiS–RgRЅRѕ R· RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS–RјRё RgRѕRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕSЃS‚SЏRјRё, RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё RїRµSЂRµRgR°S‚Rё R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ. 28 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° 24-S‚R° S‚R°RЅRyeRѕRIR° R±SЂRёRiR°RgR° RgRѕSЃSЏRiR»R° R§RµSЃR°RЅRѕRIR°. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, R·RiS–RgRЅRѕ R· RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRёRј RgRѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂRѕRј RїSЂRѕ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRё RјS–R¶ RЎR RЎR  S– RўSЂRµS‚S–Rј R RµR№S…RѕRј, R§RµSЃR°RЅS–RI Sѓ R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– 1939 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RIS–RgS–R№S€RѕRI RgRѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕRiRѕ.

RџSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RGS–SЂRѕR°RyeS– RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ: R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·Rј

R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS” RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RI RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ S„RѕSЂRјS–. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RјRѕRI, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S–RgRµR№, RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RISЃS–Rј S†RёRј. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ S” S†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRј S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R† SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RIRё R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїR»R°RЅS– SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃRѕRј, S‚Rѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ R±SѓRgRµ RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»RµRiS€Rµ. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS–, SЏ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ RљRёS—RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg R·RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S†RёRјRё R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё.

RќRµRїRѕRјS–S‡RµRЅR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ. R§Rё R·SЂRѕR±RёR»R° RџRѕR»S‚R°RIR° RЁRIRµS†S–SЋ RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ

RџSЂRѕ RїSЂR°RIR° S– SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgRё SЃS‚R°RЅS–RI RЅR° SЃRIRѕS—R№ R±R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅS– RљR°SЂR» RGR†R† S– S‡SѓS‚Rё RЅRµ S…RѕS‚S–RI. R RѕR·RiSЂRѕRј RїS–Rg RџRѕR»S‚R°RIRѕSЋ RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ RЅRµ R·SЂRѕR±RёRI R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїR»RёRIS–S€RёRј RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅS–. RќR°RIRїR°RyeRё RIS–RЅ RїSЂR°RiRЅSѓRI S‰Rµ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕS— RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂR°S†S–S— RIR»R°RgRё. RЇRyeS‰Rѕ RџRѕR»S‚R°RIR° S– SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– S‰RѕSЃSЊ R·RјS–RЅRёR»R° Sѓ RЁRIRµS†S–S—, S‚R°Rye S†Rµ RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS— SЃR°RјRёS… SЃS‚R°RЅS–RI. RџSЂRѕ RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RѕR±RјRµR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕSЂRѕR»S–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃRIR°RIRѕR»S– RЅR° RѕRgRЅS–R№ R· RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–R№ R·R°RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёR»Rё RIR¶Rµ RI 1710 SЂRѕS†S–.

RџR°SЃRyeSѓRgR°. RќR°R№RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RёR№ RїSЂRµRјS”SЂ RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё

RќR°R№RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RёR№ RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRµRјKјS”SЂ SЃS‚R°RI RiRѕR»RѕRIRѕSЋ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RЅRµR·R°RgRѕRIRiRѕ RgRѕ SЃRIRѕRiRѕ 33-SЂS–S‡S‡SЏ. RљRѕR»RµRiRё-RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё RїSЂRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRiSѓRyeSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RЅRµ RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёRјRё SЃR»RѕRIR°RјRё. RџR°SЃRyeSѓRgR° - R·RIRёS‡RЅRµ SЃR»RѕRIRѕ RЅR° R°RgSЂRµSЃSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRµRјKјS”SЂ-RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° Sѓ 1918 SЂRѕS†S–.