RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–. RќR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RyeRѕRЅS‚RёRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– vЂ” RЅR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RѕR±RѕS… RђRјRµSЂRёRye S‚R° RђRISЃS‚SЂR°R»S–S—. RўR°RyeRёRј S” RїS–RgSЃSѓRјRѕRye RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– 28-S— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё. RЇRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R·RјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј SЂRѕRyeS–RI RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–? R§RѕRјSѓ RјRё RIRїSЂRёS‚SѓR» RЅRµ RїRѕRјS–S‡R°S”RјRѕ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° vЂ” RЅRµ RЈRiR°RЅRgR°!?

RњRё — RЅR° 133-RјSѓ RјS–SЃS†S– RI S†SЊRѕRiRѕSЂS–S‡RЅRѕRјSѓ RЎRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕRјSѓ SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiSѓ S‰R°SЃS‚SЏ. RџRµSЂRµRg RЅR°RјRё, RЅR° 132-RјSѓ RјS–SЃS†S–, — R§R°Rg, R·R° RЅR°RјRё — R•S„S–RѕRїS–SЏ, RЎRIR°R·S–R»RµRЅRg, RЈRiR°RЅRgR°, R„RiRёRїRµS‚, R—R°RјR±S–SЏ, RўRѕRiRѕ. R—R° SЂS–RIRЅRµRј S‰R°SЃS‚SЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° — R°S„SЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°.

R¦Rµ RЅRµR№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRµ RЅR°S…R°R±SЃS‚RIRѕ! RќRµR№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRµ RЅR°S…R°R±SЃS‚RIRѕ — R±SѓS‚Rё RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёRјRё RI SѓRјRѕRIR°S… R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ, SЏRyeS– S– RЅRµ SЃRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– RЅR°S€RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI R·R° S†RёRј SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiRѕRј.

R”R»SЏ R•S„S–RѕRїS–S—, R§R°RgSѓ, RЈRiR°RЅRgRё S– RўRѕRiRѕ RјRё — RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅRµ RЁRIRµR№S†R°SЂS–SЏ. RњS–R¶ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ S– RЁRIRµR№S†R°SЂS–S”SЋ S†RёRIS–R»S–R·R°S†S–R№RЅRёR№ SЂRѕR·SЂRёRI S– SЂS–R·RЅRёS†SЏ RI SЂS–RIRЅS– RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI RјRµRЅS€R°, RЅS–R¶ RјS–R¶ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ S– RЅR°S€RёRјRё SЃSѓSЃS–RgR°RјRё RI SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiSѓ S‰R°SЃS‚SЏ.

 
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° - RЅR° 133 RјS–SЃS†S– Sѓ RЎRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕRјSѓ SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiSѓ S‰R°SЃS‚SЏ-2019. RњRё - RјS–R¶ R§R°RgRѕRј S– R•S„S–RѕRїS–S”SЋ. RќR° RiSЂR°S„S–RyeSѓ - RїRµSЂS€R° S– "RЅR°S€R°" RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeRё SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiSѓ 

RЎRIRѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ RISЃS– RyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕRgS–R»RµRЅS– R№ SЂRѕR·RјS–S‰RµRЅS– R·R° SЂS–RIRЅRµRј RgRµRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRѕS…RѕRgSѓ RЅR° S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… S‰R°R±R»SЏS… (RїSЂRёRIS–S‚ S€RIRµRgSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS†RµRIS– R“R°RЅSЃSѓ R RѕSЃR»S–RЅRiSѓ!).

R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RЅR°S€RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI S–R· S†SЊRѕRiRѕ "S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRѕRiRѕ" SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiSѓ R№ RЅRёRЅS– RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ RЅR° RїRµSЂS€RѕRјSѓ S‰R°R±R»S–. R S–RIRµRЅSЊ RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI RЅR° RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ — RIS–Rg 1 RgRѕ 4 RgRѕR»R°SЂS–RI RЅR° RgRµRЅSЊ.

R’RѕRgR° — RI RgR¶RµSЂRµR»S– (RIRѕRЅRѕ S‡R°SЃRѕRј RїRµSЂRµSЃRёS…R°S”). R”SЂRѕRIR° — RI R»S–SЃS–. RћSЃRЅRѕRIR° SЂR°S†S–RѕRЅSѓ — RyeR°S€R° S†S–R»RёR№ SЂS–Rye. RђRЅS‚RёR±S–RѕS‚RёRyeRё R№ S‰RµRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏ — RЅRµRgRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRЅS–. RђR»Rµ RIRё RISЃRµ RѕRgRЅRѕ RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓS”S‚Rµ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚RёSЃSЏ R·R° R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ.

RџSЂRѕ RїSЂR°R»SЊRЅS– RјR°S€RёRЅRё, RїSЂR°SЃRyeSѓ S‚R° RїRѕRIRЅSѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅSЋ RѕSЃRIS–S‚Sѓ RgR»SЏ RgS–S‚RµR№ — R·R°R±SѓRgSЊS‚Rµ! R¦SЊRѕRiRѕ RI R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– RЅR°S€RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI RїRѕ SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiSѓ RЅRµRјR°S”. RўR°RyeRёRјRё S” SЂRµR°R»S–S— R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS… R»SЋRgRµR№ Sѓ R•S„S–RѕRїS–S—, R§R°RgS–, RЈRiR°RЅRgS– R№ RўRѕRiRѕ.

R—R°RiR°R»RѕRј R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RјS–R»SЊSЏSЂRgR° R»SЋRgRµR№ (!) R¶RёRISѓS‚SЊ Sѓ S‚R°RyeRёS… SѓRјRѕRIR°S….

 
RњS–R¶ R§R°RgRѕRј S‚R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ RIS–RgSЃS‚R°RЅSЊ RјS–R¶ SЂS–RIRЅSЏRјRё RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕRјSѓ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ R±S–R»SЊS€R°, RЅS–R¶ RјS–R¶ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ S– RЁRIRµR№S†R°SЂS–S”SЋ
R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ "SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI" RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R·R° RЎRIS–S‚RѕRIRёRј SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiRѕRј S‰R°SЃS‚SЏ - S†Rµ R±S–RgRЅS– RyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, SЏRyeS– R·RЅR°S…RѕRgSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° RїRµSЂS€RѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS– RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI R· S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS…: RўRѕRiRѕ, RЈRiR°RЅRgR°, R§R°Rg. R—R°RјR±S–SЏ SЃSЏRiRЅSѓR»R° RgSЂSѓRiRѕRiRѕ S‰R°R±R»SЏ RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° - RЅR° S‚SЂRµS‚SЊRѕRјSѓ. R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: www.gapminder.org

RќR° RgSЂSѓRiRѕRјSѓ S‰R°R±R»S– — R—R°RјR±S–SЏ. 

R”SЂSѓRiRёR№ S‰R°R±RµR»SЊ — S†Rµ RyeRѕR»Rё RIR°S€ RgRµRЅRЅRёR№ RgRѕS…S–Rg RїRѕRgRIRѕSЋS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЏRЅRѕ R· RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS–Rј SЂS–RIRЅRµRј, S– RIRё RјR°S”S‚Rµ RЅR° R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RIS–Rg 2 RgRѕ 8 RgRѕR»R°SЂS–RI RЅR° RgRµRЅSЊ. RђRIR¶RµR¶, S–RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–R№ SЂS–RIRµRЅSЊ RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI.

RўRµRїRµSЂ S—R¶Sѓ RјRѕR¶RЅR° RyeSѓRїSѓRIR°S‚Rё, R° RЅRµ RIRёSЂRѕS‰SѓRIR°S‚Rё S—S— SЃR°RјRѕS‚SѓR¶RyeRё. R’R¶Rµ RјRѕR¶RЅR° RїSЂRёRgR±R°S‚Rё RЅR° R·R°RѕS‰R°RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RiR°R·RѕRISѓ RїR»RёS‚Sѓ S‚R° R±R°R»RѕRЅ RiR°R·Sѓ. RђR»Rµ SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RIRё R·R°S…RIRѕSЂS–R»Rё — SѓSЃS– RЅR°RyeRѕRїRёS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RїS–RgSѓS‚SЊ RЅR° R»S–RyeRё (RgRѕR±SЂRµ, S‰Rѕ S—S… RјRѕR¶RЅR° RyeSѓRїRёS‚Rё). RќR° SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RїSЂRёR±R»RёR·RЅRѕ S‚SЂRё RјS–R»SЊSЏSЂRgRё R»SЋRgRµR№ R¶RёRISѓS‚SЊ RЅR° S†SЊRѕRјSѓ S‰R°R±R»S–.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RїRµSЂRµR№S€R»R° R· RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ S‰R°R±R»SЏ RЅR° RgSЂSѓRiRёR№ RЅR° R·R»R°RјS– 1935-RiRѕ S– 1936 SЂRѕRyeS–RI. Rђ RgRµSЃSЊ RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1970-S… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° S‚SЂRµS‚SЊRѕRјSѓ R·R° SЂS–RIRЅRµRј RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI. R©RѕRїSЂR°RIRgR°, 1993-RiRѕ RјRё RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ R·RЅRѕRISѓ RїSЂRѕRIR°R»RёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° RgSЂSѓRiRёR№ S‰R°R±RµR»SЊ. R† RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°R»Rё S‚R°Rј RgRѕ 2006 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

 
R”Rѕ 1936 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° R·RЅR°S…RѕRgRёR»R°SЃSЏ RЅR° RџRµSЂS€RѕRјSѓ S‰R°R±R»S– R·R° RgRѕS…RѕRgR°RјRё RЅR° RgSѓS€Sѓ. RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1970-S… RјRё RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ RIR¶Rµ RЅR° RўSЂRµS‚SЊRѕRјSѓ S‰R°R±R»S–. RђR»Rµ Sѓ 1993 SЂRѕS†S– RїSЂRѕRIR°R»RёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR°R·R°Rg - RЅR° R”SЂSѓRiRёR№ S‰R°R±RµR»SЊ.
Gapminder RISЂR°S…RѕRISѓS” SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅSЋ S‚SЂRёRIR°R»S–SЃS‚SЊ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ S‚R° SЂS–RIRµRЅSЊ RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI RЅR° RgSѓS€Sѓ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ, RISЂR°S…RѕRISѓSЋS‡Rё RїR°SЂS–S‚RµS‚ S†S–RЅ. RќR°R№R¶R°S…R»RёRIS–S€RёRј Sѓ RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— R±SѓRI 1921 SЂS–Rye, RyeRѕR»Rё RјRё RїSЂRѕRIR°R»RёR»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕ RѕR±RѕRј RїRѕRyeR°R·RЅRёRyeR°Rј RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅRµ RI RGR†RG, R° Sѓ RGVR†R†R† SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ. RџSЂRѕRIR°R»Rё RgRµRїRѕRїSѓR»SЏS†S–S— S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RїRѕRјS–S‚RЅS– Sѓ 1933 S‚R° 1943 SЂRѕRyeR°S…. 2018 SЂS–Rye SЃS‚R°RI RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёRј RgR»SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R·R° SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕSЋ S‚SЂRёRIR°R»S–SЃS‚SЋ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RIS–Rg RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— 

R©RѕRїSЂR°RIRgR°, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RIS–SЂRёS‚Rё SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRёRј RѕRїRёS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏRј, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓRIR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ 1992 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃSѓRyeSѓRїRЅRёR№ SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–R№ RgRѕS…S–Rg RЅR° RѕRgRЅSѓ RѕSЃRѕR±Sѓ RgRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЋRIR°RI 8 RgRѕR»R°SЂR°Rј RЅR° RјS–SЃSЏS†SЊ! RўRѕR±S‚Rѕ R·R° S†RёRј RїRѕRyeR°R·RЅRёRyeRѕRј RјRё RїSЂRѕRIR°R»RёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° RїRµSЂS€RёR№ S‰R°R±RµR»SЊ, RgRѕ SЂS–RIRЅSЏ RЅR°R№R±S–RgRЅS–S€RёS… RyeSЂR°S—RЅ.

R— 2000 SЂRѕRyeSѓ (RїSЂRёRIS–S‚ RїSЂRµRјS”SЂ-RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂSѓ R®S‰RµRЅRyeRѕRIS–!) SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–RyeR° R·R°RiR°R»RѕRј (S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ S– RјR°RyeSЂRѕRїRѕRyeR°R·RЅRёRyeRё, S– SЂS–RIRµRЅSЊ RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI R»SЋRgRµR№) RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… RIRѕSЃSЊRјRё SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRѕ R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°R»R°. R— S†S–S”S— RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRIRё RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёRјRё R·R° S‚RµRјRїR°RјRё RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S” "RїRѕRјR°SЂR°RЅS‡RµRIS–" 2005–2008 SЂRѕRyeRё.

 
RќR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RїRѕR·RёS‚RёRIRЅR° RgRёRЅR°RјS–RyeR° RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI - "R·R° R®S‰RµRЅRyeR°": RIS–Rg S‡R°SЃS–RI RџRѕRјR°SЂR°RЅS‡RµRIRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— RgRѕ RїRµSЂRµRgRyeSЂRёR·RѕRIRѕRiRѕ 2008 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RIRyeR»SЋS‡RЅRѕ RgRѕS…RѕRgRё R·SЂRѕSЃR»Rё R· 44 RgRѕ 172 RgRѕR»R°SЂS–RI RЅR° RѕSЃRѕR±Sѓ. RўRѕR±S‚Rѕ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RI 4 SЂR°R·Rё 
R— 1992 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚ SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiS–S— RќRђRќRЈ RѕRїRёS‚SѓS” SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI: "R’RyeR°R¶S–S‚SЊ SЃSѓRyeSѓRїRЅRёR№ RgRѕS…S–Rg RЅR° RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S‡R»RµRЅR° RIR°S€RѕS— SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё. R¦S– RgRѕS…RѕRgRё RїRµSЂRµSЂR°S…SѓRIR°R»Rё Sѓ RgRѕR»R°SЂRѕRIRѕRјSѓ RµRyeRIS–RIR°R»RµRЅS‚S– RgR»SЏ R·SЂSѓS‡RЅRѕSЃS‚S– RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЏRЅRЅSЏ

RЎRIS–S‚RѕRIR° S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃRѕRIR° RyeSЂRёR·R° S‚SЂRѕS…Rё RїS–RgRyeRѕSЃRёR»R° RїRѕRyeR°R·RЅRёRyeRё, S– 2009-RiRѕ RјRё R·RЅRѕRISѓ RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° RјRµR¶S– RgSЂSѓRiRѕRiRѕ S– S‚SЂRµS‚SЊRѕRiRѕ S‰R°R±R»S–RI.

RђR»Rµ RЅR° RgSЂSѓRiRѕRјSѓ S‰R°R±R»S– RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI 1993-RiRѕ, RyeRѕR»Rё S–RЅS„R»SЏS†S–SЏ SЃSЏRiRЅSѓR»R° 10256%, SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RїSЂR°R»SЊRЅS– RјR°S€RёRЅRё RIR¶Rµ R·R»R°RјR°R»RёSЃSЏ, R° RЅR° RЅRµSЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RiSЂRѕS€RµR№ S‰Rµ RЅRµ RIRёSЃS‚R°S‡R°S”, S– RїSЂRѕ 50 SЃRѕSЂS‚S–RI RyeRѕRIR±R°SЃRё RI RјR°RiR°R·RёRЅR°S… RјRѕR¶RЅR° R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕSЃR»SѓS…R°S‚Rё "R¶R°SЂS‚Rё" RџRµS‚SЂRѕSЃSЏRЅR° RЅR° SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ "R»RµRgRIRµR±R°S‡RµRЅRЅS–", — S†Rµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂS–RIRµRЅSЊ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ.

Rђ RyeRѕR»Rё RїS–SЃR»SЏ SЃRїRѕR¶RёRIS‡RѕRiRѕ R±SѓRјSѓ 2004–2008 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚Rё RIR¶Rµ RјR°S”S€ RЅRµRїRѕRgR°R»S–Rye SЃSѓRїRµSЂRјR°SЂRyeRµS‚, SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅSѓ RїRѕR±SѓS‚RѕRISѓ S‚RµS…RЅS–RyeSѓ RI RїRѕRјRµS€RyeR°RЅRЅS–, R° S‡R°SЃRѕRј S– RЅRѕRIRµ RїRѕRјRµS€RyeR°RЅRЅSЏ — S†Rµ S–RЅS€RёR№ SЂS–RIRµRЅSЊ. RќR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅR° RgSЂSѓRiRѕRјSѓ S‰R°R±R»S– RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI, RgRµ RјRё R·RЅRѕRISѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ RIRЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃRѕRIRѕS— RyeSЂRёR·Rё.

RўR°Rye S‡Rё S–RЅR°RyeS€Rµ, R°R»Rµ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RїSЏS‚Rё SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїRµSЂRµRg RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RIRёR±RѕSЂR°RјRё 2010-RiRѕ R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R¶RёR»Rё RЅR°R№R»S–RїS€Rµ R·R° RIRµSЃSЊ RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS–R№ RїRµSЂS–RѕRg S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RIS–Rg RќRµRѕR»S–S‚Sѓ.

RђR»Rµ RјRё RIRїSЂRёS‚SѓR» RЅRµ R±R°R¶R°S”RјRѕ RїRѕRјS–S‡R°S‚Rё RїRѕR·RёS‚RёRIRЅRёS… R·RјS–RЅ! RџRѕRјS–S‡R°S‚Rё RїRѕR·RёS‚RёRIRЅS– R·RјS–RЅRё — S†Rµ RЅRµ RїSЂRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI.



RќR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, RјR°SЃR»Rѕ. R—RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRµ RIRµSЂS€RyeRѕRIRµ RјR°SЃR»Rѕ. RЇRyeRѕSЃSЊ SЏ RїSЂRёS—S…R°RI RgRѕ RјR°RјRё, S– RIRѕRЅR° RїRѕSЃR»R°R»R° RјRµRЅRµ RїRѕ RјR°SЃR»Rѕ RI SЃSѓRїRµSЂRјR°SЂRyeRµS‚ S‡RµSЂRµR· RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ.

R¦RµR№ SЃSѓRїRµSЂRјR°SЂRyeRµS‚ SЏ RїR°RјSЏS‚R°SЋ R· SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅRё 1990-S…, RyeRѕR»Rё RјRµS€RyeR°RI Sѓ S†SЊRѕRјSѓ R¶ SЂR°R№RѕRЅS–. R¦Rµ SЃS‚R°SЂRёR№ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃR°Rј RЅR° RЎR°R»S‚S–RIS†S– RI RGR°SЂRyeRѕRIS–. R† S‚RѕRgS–, 1995-RiRѕ, R№RѕRiRѕ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё SЏRye RyeSЂRёS‚RёR№ SЂRёRЅRѕRye.

RЈ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– S‚RѕSЂRiRѕRIRѕRiRѕ R·R°R»Sѓ RyeSЂRµRјRµR·RЅS– S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕRїRёRyeS– RgSЏRgSЊRyeRё SЂSѓR±R°R»Rё RјSЏSЃRѕ, SЂRѕS—R»RёSЃSЏ RјSѓS…Rё.

RЈ RyeSѓS‚RyeSѓ SЃS‚RѕSЏR»Rё RIS–S‚SЂRёRЅRё-S…RѕR»RѕRgRёR»SЊRЅRёRyeRё, R°R»Rµ RIRµR»RёRyeR° R±SЂRёR»R° RјR°SЃR»R° R»RµR¶R°R»R° R·R° RЅRёRјRё. RњS–R¶ RIS–S‚SЂRёRЅRѕSЋ S– R±SЂRёR»RѕSЋ RјR°SЃR»R° — RїSЂRѕRgR°RIS‡RёRЅSЏ, SЏRyeR° RISЃS–Rј SЃRIRѕS—Rј RIRёRiR»SЏRgRѕRј RgR°RIR°R»R° R·RЅR°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅR° S– S” "R RѕRgS–RЅR°-RјR°S‚SЊ".

 
RўRёRїRѕRIR° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° S‡RµSЂRiR° S‡R°SЃS–RI "SЂRѕR·RIRёRЅRµRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–R·RјSѓ"

RњR°SЃR»Rѕ RIRѕRЅR° SЂS–R·R°R»R° RјRµS‚R°R»RµRIRѕSЋ SЃS‚SЂSѓRЅRѕSЋ S– R·R°RiRѕSЂS‚R°R»R° RI R±SЂSѓRЅR°S‚RЅRёR№ RїR°RїS–SЂ.

R’S–S‚SЂRёRЅRё-S…RѕR»RѕRgRёR»SЊRЅRёRyeRё SЂR°RgS€Rµ R±SѓR»Rё RѕRyeSЂR°SЃRѕSЋ S–RЅS‚RµSЂS”SЂSѓ: S‡RµSЂRµR· RIS–SЏR»RѕRIS– RIRёRјRyeRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RµR»RµRyeS‚SЂRёRyeRё (RјRё RIR¶Rµ R·R°R±SѓR»Rё S‰Rѕ S†Rµ S‚R°RyeRµ!) RIRѕRЅRё RЅRµ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»Rё RiRѕRgRёRЅR°RјRё. RЇRyeRѕSЃSЊ SЏ RyeSѓRїRёRI RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR°SЂRµRЅRѕS— RyeRѕRIR±R°SЃRё R· S†SЊRѕRiRѕ S…RѕR»RѕRgRёR»SЊRЅRёRyeR°, S‚R°Rye RIRѕRЅR° RIRёR±SѓS…RЅSѓR»R° RI RјRµRЅRµ RЅR° RyeSѓS…RЅS–.

RњRёRЅR°S” S‡R°SЃ, S– SЏ R·RЅRѕRISѓ S‚SѓS‚. RђR»Rµ S‚RµRїRµSЂ S†Rµ — SЃSѓRїRµSЂRјR°SЂRyeRµS‚, RI SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ R°SЃRѕSЂS‚RёRјRµRЅS‚ S– SЏRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚RѕRIR°SЂS–RI R»S–RїS€S–, RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, RЅS–R¶ Sѓ R“SЂRµS†S–S—, RgRµ "RISЃRµ S”". RњR°RјR° RїRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRёR»R° RјRµRЅRµ RyeSѓRїRёS‚Rё RјR°SЃR»Rѕ RїRµRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RIRёSЂRѕR±RЅRёRyeR° R№ R¶RёSЂRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё.

R—RЅR°R№S€RѕRI S…RѕR»RѕRgRёR»SЊRЅRёRye R· RјR°SЃR»RѕRј S–… RѕS‚RµS‚RµSЂS–RI. R‘Rѕ SЂS–RIRЅRёRјRё SЂSЏRgR°RјRё, R·R° RїSЂRёRЅS†RёRїRѕRј RѕRgRёRЅ SЃRѕSЂS‚ — RѕRgRёRЅ SЂSЏRgRѕS‡RѕRye, S‚R°Rј R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRёRyeR»R°RgRµRЅRѕ SЃRёR»Sѓ-SЃRёR»RµRЅRЅSѓ RјR°SЃR»R°. RњR°R№R¶Rµ SЃS‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R¶, SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RѕRїRёSЃSѓRIR°RI RџRѕRgRµSЂRµRISЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№.

R“R°RgR°SЋ, R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅR° RgRѕRIR¶RёRЅR° S†S–S”S— RјR°SЃR»SЏRЅRѕS— R±S–RiRѕRIRѕS— RgRѕSЂS–R¶RyeRё R±SѓR»R° RјRµS‚SЂS–RI RIS–SЃS–Rј. RќR°RIS–S‚SЊ S‚R°Rј, RgRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RЅRѕ "RЎRёSЂRyeRё", — RѕRgRЅR°RyeRѕRIRѕ R»RµR¶R°R»Rѕ RјR°SЃR»Rѕ.

30 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ, 1989-RiRѕ, SѓSЏRIRёS‚Rё S‚R°RyeRёR№ R°SЃRѕSЂS‚RёRјRµRЅS‚ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ.

RЇRyeS‰Rѕ RIS–SЂRёS‚Rё Gapminder-Sѓ — RgS–S‚RёS‰Sѓ RIR¶Rµ R·RiR°RgR°RЅRѕRiRѕ R“R°RЅSЃR° R RѕSЃR»S–RЅRiR° — S‚Rѕ RЅR°R№RIRёS‰RѕRiRѕ SЂS–RIRЅSЏ RgRѕSЃS‚R°S‚RyeSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RgRѕSЃSЏRiR»Rё 1989 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

RџSЂRѕR±R»RµRјR° RїRѕR»SЏRiR°R»R° RI S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓRI S‡R°SЃ S‚RѕS‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRµS„S–S†RёS‚Sѓ.

 
R—RiS–RgRЅRѕ S–R· SЃS‚R°S‚RёSЃS‚RёRyeRѕSЋ, RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёR№ SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–R№ RgRѕS…S–Rg RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R±SѓRI R·R°S„S–RyeSЃRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ Sѓ 1989 SЂRѕS†S–. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RIRёS‚SЂR°S‚RёS‚Rё S†S– RiSЂRѕS€S– R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕ: RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS–S… 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RIS–S‚SЂRёRЅRё RјR°RiR°R·RёRЅS–RI RЅR°RgS‚Rѕ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rё R°R±SЃRѕR»SЋS‚RЅRѕ RїRѕSЂRѕR¶RЅS–RјRё
RѕR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ RЎS–RiS–RgS–RЅ. "RѕS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ" R”RЅRµRїSЂRѕRїRµS‚SЂRѕRISЃRye, RЈRyeSЂR°RёRЅSЃRyeR°SЏ RЎRЎR , 1980-S‚S–. R·S–R±SЂR°RЅRЅSЏ RњRђRњRњ/RњR‘R¤

RџRѕSЏSЃRЅRёS‚Rё S‚RёRј, S…S‚Rѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RјR°SЃR»R° R±SѓRI RѕRgRёRЅ SЃRѕSЂS‚, RyeRѕRIR±R°SЃRё — S‚SЂRё, R° RЅRµ 50, SЏRye R·R°SЂR°R·, R° RїRѕ RјRѕR»RѕRyeRѕ R№ SЃRјRµS‚R°RЅSѓ S‚SЂRµR±R° R±SѓR»Rѕ R±S–RiS‚Rё RgRѕ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚S‚SЏ RјR°RiR°R·RёRЅSѓ, R±Rѕ S—S… SЂRѕR·RyeSѓRїRѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё R·R° RїRµSЂS€S– 45 S…RIRёR»RёRЅ R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Rё, — RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ.

RњRё R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° RgSЂSѓRiRѕRјSѓ S†RёRIS–R»S–R·R°S†S–R№RЅRѕRјSѓ S‰R°R±R»S–, R°R»Rµ R·R° 15–20 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ SѓR¶Rµ R·R°R±SѓR»Rё, SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RјRё SЃS‚SЂR°S€RµRЅRЅRѕ RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS– R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰RѕR± SЂR°RgS–S‚Rё S„R°RЅS‚R°SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёRј R·RјS–RЅR°Rј, SЏRyeS– RIS–RgR±SѓR»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅR° RЅR°S€RёS… RѕS‡R°S…!

RњRё RЅRµ RIRјS–S”RјRѕ SЂR°RgS–S‚Rё R·RјS–RЅR°Rј.

RЇRyeR±Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R±SЂR°R»Rё SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ S‡RµRјRїS–RѕRЅR°S‚S– R· "SѓSЃRµRїSЂRѕRїR°R»Rѕ" — S‚Rѕ RјRё RїRѕSЃS–R»Rё R± S‡RµS‚RIRµSЂS‚Rµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ. R‘Rѕ RїRѕSЃS–SЃS‚Rё RїSЂRёR·RѕRIRµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ — S†Rµ R±SѓR»R° R± R·SЂR°RgR°. R‘Rѕ RїSЂRёR·RѕRIRµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ — S†Rµ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiR°!

R†S‰Rµ SЂR°R· R·RiR°RgR°R№RјRѕ S‡R°SЃRё RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚SЃS‚RIR° R®S‰RµRЅRyeR°.

RЈSЃRµ R№RgRµ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ S‡SѓRgRѕRIRѕ: SЏRye RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё R·R° S‡R°SЃRё RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°S” R’R’Rџ, R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°SЋS‚SЊ R·RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIR°R»SЋS‚RЅS– SЂRµR·RµSЂRIRё RќR‘RЈ, RЅR°R№RIRёS‰S– S‚RµRјRїRё R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI R»SЋRgRµR№, RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїRµRЅSЃS–S— R·R±S–R»SЊS€SѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂR°R·S–RI, RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ SЃRїRѕR¶RёRIS‡RёR№ R±SѓRј — R°R»Rµ R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RЅS–, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRIR°SЋS‚SЊ S‡R°SЃRё "RїRѕRјR°SЂR°RЅS‡RµRIRѕS— SЂSѓS—RЅRё"!

RќR° SЃRIRѕS—S… RїSѓR±R»S–S‡RЅRёS… R»RµRyeS†S–SЏS… SЏ RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓSЋ SЃR»R°R№Rg, SЏRyeRёR№ RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓS” RgRёRЅR°RјS–RyeSѓ SЂS–RIRЅSЏ RgRѕRIS–SЂRё RgRѕ RISЃS–S… RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚S–RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°SЋS‡Rё RIS–Rg RљSѓS‡RјRё. RЈ RISЃS–S… RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚S–RI RЅR°R№RIRёS‰RёR№ SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRi — Sѓ RgRµRЅSЊ S–RЅR°RIRiSѓSЂR°S†S–S—. R—R° S‚SЂRё RјS–SЃSЏS†S– — RIS–RЅ SѓR¶Rµ R·RјRµRЅS€SѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, R·R° SЂS–Rye — RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°S” RѕR±RIR°R»SЋRIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ.

 
RќR°R№RIRёS‰RёR№ SЂS–RIRµRЅSЊ RgRѕRIS–SЂRё RgRѕ RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё - Sѓ RgRµRЅSЊ R№RѕRiRѕ S–RЅR°SѓRiSѓSЂR°S†S–S—. RџRѕS‚S–Rј SЂS–RIRµRЅSЊ RgRѕRIS–SЂRё RїR°RgR°S” RIR¶Rµ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ RїS–RISЂS–S‡S‡SЏ RyeR°RgRµRЅS†S–S—
R”R–RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: rating-pro

RџRёS‚R°SЋ: S‡RѕRјSѓ S‡RµSЂRµR· SЂS–Rye RїS–SЃR»SЏ S–RЅR°RIRiSѓSЂR°S†S–S— RѕR±RIR°R»RёRISЃSЏ SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRi RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡R°?

R—R° S€S–SЃS‚SЊ SЂRѕRyeS–RI, RIS–RgRyeRѕR»Rё SЏ S‡RёS‚R°SЋ S†SЋ R»RµRyeS†S–SЋ, Sѓ R¶RѕRgRЅS–R№ R· RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeS–RI RiSЂSѓRї RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RIS–RgSЂR°R·Sѓ RЅRµ R·RјS–Ri R·RЅR°R№S‚Rё SЏRyeRѕRiRѕSЃSЊ SЂR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ.

R’SЂRµS€S‚S–-SЂRµS€S‚ RI R°RIRgRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— R·RISѓS‡RёS‚SЊ RIRµSЂSЃS–SЏ, S‰Rѕ RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡ RЅRµ RIRёRyeRѕRЅR°RI RїRµSЂRµRgRIRёR±RѕSЂRЅRёS… RѕR±S–S†SЏRЅRѕRye.

RџRёS‚R°SЋ, S‰Rѕ R¶ SЃR°RјRµ RїRµSЂRµRg RIRёR±RѕSЂR°RјRё RѕR±S–S†SЏRI RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡, S– RїSЂRѕS€Sѓ R·RiR°RgR°S‚Rё S‚SЂRё RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIS– RѕR±S–S†SЏRЅRyeRё, SЏRyeS– R·R°S„S–RyeSЃRѕRIR°RЅS– RI R№RѕRiRѕ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјS–. R—RiR°RgSѓSЋS‚SЊ RiR°SЃR»R° R· R±S–R»R±RѕSЂRgS–RI: "RїRѕS‡SѓSЋ RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕRiRѕ" S– "RїRѕRyeSЂR°S‰RµRЅRЅSЏ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RIR¶Rµ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS–".

RђR»Rµ S†Rµ R»RёS€Rµ RiR°SЃR»R° R· R±S–R»R±RѕSЂRgS–RI. RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RјRѕR¶Rµ R·RiR°RgR°S‚Rё R¶RѕRgRЅRѕS— R· RѕR±S–S†SЏRЅRѕRye, SЏRyeS– R±SѓR»Rё R·R°S„S–RyeSЃRѕRIR°RЅS– Sѓ RїRµSЂRµRgRIRёR±RѕSЂRЅS–R№ RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјS–!



RџRёS‚R°SЋ: SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїR°RјSЏS‚R°S” RѕR±S–S†SЏRЅRѕRye, S‚Rѕ SЏRye RјRѕR¶RЅR° RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёS‚Rё SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRi R·R° RЅRµRIRёRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‡RѕRiRѕ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RI SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS– RЅRµ RїR°RјSЏS‚R°S”?!

RџRѕS‚S–Rј RЅR°RiR°RgSѓSЋ, R· SЏRyeRёS… SЃR»S–RI RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RїRµSЂRµRgRIRёR±RѕSЂRЅR° RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјR° RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡R°: "R‘RµR·RgR°SЂRЅR° S– RЅRµRїSЂRѕS„RµSЃS–R№RЅR° RIR»R°RgR° RgRѕRIRµR»R° RyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RgRѕ SЂSѓS—RЅRё".

R† 2010 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RgRIR°RЅR°RgS†SЏS‚SЊ S–R· RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅRѕSЋ RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅS–RI R»SЋRgRµR№ RїRѕRIS–SЂRёR»Rё, S‰Rѕ RI RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS– RїSЏS‚SЊ SЂRѕRyeS–RI — S†Rµ R±SѓR»R° SЂSѓS—RЅR°, SЏRyeSѓ RyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RјR°S” RїRѕRgRѕR»R°S‚Rё.

RџRѕRIS‚RѕSЂSЋSЋ S‰Rµ SЂR°R·: R· RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRIRё RЅRёRЅS–S€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ, 2005–2008 SЂRѕRyeRё — S†Rµ R±SѓRI S‡R°SЃ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RgRёRЅR°RјS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ R’R’Rџ, RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… S–RЅRѕR·RµRјRЅRёS… S–RЅRIRµSЃS‚RёS†S–R№, S‡R°SЃ RјR°RyeSЃRёRјR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RЅR°RyeRѕRїRёS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ R·RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIR°R»SЋS‚RЅRёS… SЂRµR·RµSЂRIS–RI RќR‘RЈ, RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ S€RIRёRgRyeRµ R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ R·R°SЂRїR»R°S‚ S– RїRµRЅSЃS–R№ R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRёS… RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅ.

 
R— RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRIRё RїRµSЂRµRgRIRёR±RѕSЂS‡RѕS— RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјRё R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂR° RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡R° Sѓ 2010 SЂRѕS†S– RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS” RїSЏS‚RёSЂS–S‡S‡SЏ - S†Rµ "RџRѕRјR°SЂR°RЅS‡RµRIR° SЂSѓS—RЅR°". R— RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRIRё SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRµRЅRЅSЏ "RџRѕRјR°SЂR°RЅS‡RµRIR° SЂSѓS—RЅR°" - S†Rµ S‡R°SЃ S–R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RgRёRЅR°RјS–S‡RЅRёRј R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏRј R’R°R»RѕRIRѕRiRѕ R’RЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RџSЂRѕRgSѓRyeS‚Sѓ (R’R’Rџ), R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIRѕR»SЋS‚RЅRёS… SЂRµR·RµSЂRIS–RI (R—R’R ), RїSЂSЏRјRёS… S–RЅRѕR·RµRјRЅRёS… S–RЅRIRµSЃS‚RёS†S–R№, RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅ.  
R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёRј RїRѕR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ R’R°R»RѕRIRёR№ R’RЅSѓS‚SЂS–S€RЅS–R№ RџSЂRѕRgSѓRyeS‚ (R’R’Rџ), R·RµR»RµRЅRёRј - R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIRѕR»SЋS‚RЅS– SЂRµR·RµSЂRIRё, SЃRёRЅS–Rј - SЂS–RIRµRЅSЊ RgRѕRIS–SЂRё RgRѕ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–S— RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. 

RђR»Rµ 2010 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RgRIR°RЅR°RgS†SЏS‚SЊ S–R· RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅRѕSЋ RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅS–RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RIRёR±RѕSЂS†S–RI SЏRye R·R°RIR¶RgRё RїRѕS‡SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RЅRµS‰R°SЃRЅRёRјRё S– R±SѓR»Rё RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RЅS–, S‰Rѕ RISЃS– S‚S– RїRѕR·RёS‚RёRIRЅS– R·RјS–RЅRё, SЏRyeS– RIRѕRЅRё SЃRїRѕSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°R»Rё R·R° S‡R°SЃS–RI R®S‰RµRЅRyeR°, — S†Rµ "RїRѕRјR°SЂR°RЅS‡RµRIR° SЂSѓS—RЅR°".

RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡ RїRѕRѕR±S–S†SЏRI "SЃS‚R°R±S–R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S– RїRѕRyeSЂR°S‰RµRЅRЅSЏ", R°R»Rµ RїSЂRёRЅS–SЃ RIS–R№RЅSѓ S– RЅRµR·R°R±R°SЂRѕRј — RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅSѓ RyeSЂRёR·Sѓ.

R¦S–RyeR°RIRѕ, S‰Rѕ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕS— RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё R·R° RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRyeRё SЃRIRѕS—S… SЂS–S€RµRЅSЊ R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RЅRµ RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ.

RљRѕR»Rё SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiRё R·R°RїRёS‚SѓSЋS‚SЊ RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, S‡Rё RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ RIRѕRЅRё RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R° SЃS‚R°RЅ SЃRїSЂR°RI Sѓ RyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, RјS–SЃS‚S– S‡Rё SЃRµR»S–, R·R° S‚Rµ, S…S‚Rѕ S” RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S‚R° S‡R»RµRЅR°RјRё RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ, RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ "RќS–, RЅRµ RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°SЋ R¶RѕRgRЅRѕS— RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё" SЃS‚R°R±S–R»SЊRЅRѕ RѕR±RёSЂR°S” R±S–R»SЊS€ SЏRye RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅR° SЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚S–RI.

RђR»Rµ RЅR°R№RЅRѕRIS–S€S– RgR°RЅS– RѕRїRёS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiS–S— RќRђRќRЈ RgR°SЋS‚SЊ RїS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRё RgR»SЏ SЃS‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RѕRїS‚RёRјS–R·RјSѓ.

RќR° R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ "RЇRyeSѓ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚Sѓ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RIRё RЅRµSЃRµS‚Rµ R·R° S‚Rµ, S…S‚Rѕ S” RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё?" 53,2% RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–R»Rё: "RќS–SЏRyeSѓ".

RџSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ S‚R°RyeR° SЃR°RјR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ SЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚S–RI (52,7%) RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°S”, S‰Rѕ RЅRµ RЅRµSЃRµ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R·R° RѕR±SЂR°RЅRёS… RЅRёRјRё RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚S–RI RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ. RўRѕ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° S– RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚S–RI RЅR°Rј RјR°SЂSЃS–SЏRЅRё RѕR±RёSЂR°R»Rё?

RќRёRЅS– R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R·R°RїRµSЂRµS‡SѓSЋS‚SЊ RIR»R°SЃRЅSѓ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R° SЃRIS–R№ RIRёR±S–SЂ, R° RѕS‚R¶Rµ — S– R·R° SЃS‚R°RЅ SЃRїSЂR°RI Sѓ RyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI RЅR°RјS–S‚RёRISЃSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕS‚RЅRёR№ RїSЂRѕRiSЂRµSЃ.

2013 SЂRѕRyeSѓ 67% SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RЅRµ RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ RЅS–SЏRyeRѕS— RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R·R° SЃS‚R°RЅ SЃRїSЂR°RI RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… RїSЏS‚Rё SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‡R°SЃS‚RyeR° "R±RµR·RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRёS… RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅ" R·RјRµRЅS€RёR»R°SЃSЏ RЅR° 12 RїSѓRЅRyeS‚S–RI S– SЃSЏRiRЅSѓR»R° 55,3%.

RўRѕR±S‚Rѕ R±RµR·RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRёS… SѓSЃRµ RѕRgRЅRѕ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ, R°R»Rµ S‚RµRЅRgRµRЅS†S–SЏ RgRѕ S—S… R·RјRµRЅS€RµRЅRЅSЏ R±S–R»SЊS€-RјRµRЅS€ SЃS‚R°R±S–R»SЊRЅR°.

RЇRyeS‰Rѕ S†RµR№ S‚SЂRµRЅRg R·R±RµSЂRµR¶RµS‚SЊSЃSЏ, S‚Rѕ RgRµSЃSЊ Sѓ 50-S‚Sѓ SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†SЋ RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– RЅRµ R·R°R»RёS€RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ R¶RѕRgRЅRѕS— R»SЋRgRёRЅRё, SЏRyeR° R± RЅRµ RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°R»R° RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R·R° SЃS‚R°RЅ SЃRїSЂR°RI Sѓ RyeSЂR°S—RЅS–!



R†S‰Rµ RѕRgRЅR° RїRѕR·RёS‚RёRIRЅR° R·RјS–RЅR°, SЏRyeSѓ R·R°S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiRё RI RЅR°R№RЅRѕRIS–S€RёS… RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏS…, — S†Rµ R·RјS–RЅR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕSЃS‚S– S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ RIRIR°R¶R°S” S‰Rѕ SЃR°RјRµ RIS–Rg RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ R·RgRµR±S–R»SЊS€RѕRiRѕ R·R°R»RµR¶RёS‚SЊ S‚Rµ, SЏRye SЃRyeR»R°RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R№RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ.

RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1990-S… S‚R°RyeRёS… RїSЂRѕR°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRёS… RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅ R±SѓR»Rѕ RјRµRЅS€Rµ RЅS–R¶ 19%. R†RЅS€RёRјRё SЃR»RѕRIR°RјRё, RїRѕRЅR°Rg 80% SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rё RiRѕS‚RѕRIS– R·R°RgRµRyeR»R°SЂSѓRIR°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S—S…RЅS” RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ R·R°R»RµR¶RёS‚SЊ RIS–Rg S—S…RЅS–S… RIR»R°SЃRЅRёS… RgS–R№.

RњS–RЅS–RјR°R»SЊRЅSѓ RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ RIRIR°R¶R°RI, S‰Rѕ S—S…RЅS” R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ R·R°R»RµR¶RёS‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ RIS–Rg RЅRёS… SЃR°RјRёS… (14,3%), SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiRё R·R°S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё 1998 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RїS–SЃR»SЏ SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕS— RyeSЂRёR·Rё, SЏRyeR° SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ 1997-RiRѕ S– RїSЂRёR·RIRµR»R° RgRѕ RgRµS„RѕR»S‚Sѓ R R¤ S– RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ RIRµR»RёRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°RgS–RЅRЅSЏ RyeSѓSЂSЃSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSЂRёRIRЅS–.

RќR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ 2018 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiRё R·R°S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё RјR°RyeSЃRёRјSѓRј S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ RIRIR°R¶R°S”, S‰Rѕ S—S…RЅS” R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ R·R°R»RµR¶RёS‚SЊ RIS–Rg RЅRёS… SЃR°RјRёS…, — 26,6%! RЁRyeRѕRgR°, S‰Rѕ SЂRµS€S‚R° (RїRѕRЅR°Rg 73%) RїRѕRyeRё S‰Rѕ RЅRµ RiRѕS‚RѕRIR° R±SЂR°S‚Rё RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R° RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ. RђR»Rµ RїSЂRѕRiSЂRµSЃ S– S‚SѓS‚ RїRѕRјS–S‚RЅRёR№.

 

RЇRye R’Rё RIRIR°R¶R°S”S‚Rµ, RIiRg S‡RѕRiRѕ R·RgRµR±iR»SЊS€RѕRiRѕ R·R°R»RµR¶RёS‚SЊ S‚Rµ, SЏRye SЃRyeR»R°RgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R’R°S€Rµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ? R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёRј RїRѕR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅS– RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgS– -"RIS–Rg RјRµRЅRµ SЃR°RјRѕRiRѕ"; SЃRёRЅS–Rј - "RIS–Rg R·RѕRIRЅS–S€RЅS–S… RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅ"

RgR¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚ SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiS–S— RќRђRќRЈ

R—R° S‡R°SЃS–RI RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡R° SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–Rј RyeR»R°SЃRѕRј RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё SЃRµR±Rµ S‚SЂRѕS…Rё R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RЅS–R¶ 35% SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI. R—R° RџRѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅRyeR°, 2018 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, R±SѓRI RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRёR№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёR№ RјR°RyeSЃRёRјSѓRј — RјR°R№R¶Rµ 43% RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°R»Rё SЃRµR±Rµ RЅR°R»RµR¶RЅRёRјRё RgRѕ SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RyeR»R°SЃSѓ!

R†RЅS€RёR№ RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg: SЃRїSЂRѕR±SѓR№S‚Rµ R·RgRѕRiR°RgR°S‚RёSЃSЏ, SЏRyeR° S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R±RѕSЏR»R°SЃSЏ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RI RњS–R»RµRЅS–SѓRј, 2000 SЂRѕRyeSѓ? RџSЂR°RIRёR»SЊRЅR° RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ — RјR°R№R¶Rµ 72%! RќR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ 2018-RiRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rё SЂRµRyeRѕSЂRg — RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ R±RѕSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°R№RјRµRЅS€Rµ R·R° RISЃSЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё (27,3%).

 
RЎS‚SЂR°S… RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ R·RјRµRЅS€SѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ. RЈ RњS–R»R»RµRЅS–SѓRј RјR°R№R¶Rµ 72% SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RѕR±RёSЂR°R»Rё SЃR°RјRµ S†SЋ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RЅR° RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ "RЇRye RIRё RIRIR°R¶R°S”S‚Rµ, S‡RѕRiRѕ R»SЋRgRё R·R°SЂR°R· R±RѕSЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ?". RўRµRїRµSЂ S‚R°RyeRёR№ RIR°SЂS–R°RЅS‚ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgS– RѕR±RёSЂR°S” SЂRµRyeRѕSЂRgRЅRѕ RјR°R»R° RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ SЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚S–RI

RўRѕR±S‚Rѕ RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS–, RyeRѕR»Rё RїSЂR°RIRёR»SЊRЅRѕ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёS‚Rё R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, R·SЏSЃRѕRISѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ R±RѕS—S‚SЊSЃSЏ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ, SЃSЏRiRЅSѓR»R° RI SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS– S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RјS–RЅS–RјSѓRјSѓ, R° S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ RIRIR°R¶R°S” SЃRµR±Rµ SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–Rј RyeR»R°SЃRѕRј S– RiRѕS‚RѕRIRёR№ R±SЂR°S‚Rё RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R° SЃRIRѕS” R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ Sѓ RIR»R°SЃRЅS– SЂSѓRyeRё, — RЅR°RIRїR°RyeRё, SЃSЏRiRЅSѓR»R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RјR°RyeSЃRёRјSѓRјSѓ R·R° RIRµSЃSЊ S‡R°SЃ RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё!

RўRѕR±S‚Rѕ SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RїSЂR°RIRёR»SЊRЅRѕ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёS‚Rё R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, RIRёSЏRIR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ 2018 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RјRё SЃRїSЂRёR№RјR°R»Rё R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ R·R° RIRµSЃSЊ S‡R°SЃ RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё!

RћS‚R¶Rµ. RњRё R¶RёRIRµRјRѕ R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ, RЅS–R¶ Sѓ RўRѕRiRѕ. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° — RЅRµ R§R°Rg, RЅRµ R•S„S–RѕRїS–SЏ, RЅRµ RЈRiR°RЅRgR°, RЅRµ R—R°RјR±S–SЏ S– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅRµ RЎRIR°R·S–R»RµRЅRg!

RњRё RIRїRµRIRЅRµRЅRѕ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° S‚SЂRµS‚S–R№ S‰R°R±RµR»SЊ RgRѕS…RѕRgS–RI. R©Rµ RЅRµ S‡RµS‚RIRµSЂS‚RёR№, R°R»Rµ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂRё RјS–R»SЊSЏSЂRgRё R»SЋRgRµR№ RЅR° RїR»R°RЅRµS‚S– R¶RёRISѓS‚SЊ RiS–SЂS€Rµ R·R° RЅR°SЃ!



R—R° 28 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё RјRё SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё RЅRѕRISѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RјSѓR·RёRyeSѓ.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRЅRёR¶RyeRё R·SЏRIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ Sѓ SЃSѓRїRµSЂRјR°SЂRyeRµS‚R°S…! RЈ RЅR°SЃ R·R° S†S– 28 SЂRѕRyeS–RI R·SЏRIRёR»RёSЃSЏ SЃSѓRїRµSЂRјR°SЂRyeRµS‚Rё!

R—RiR°RgR°R№RјRѕ, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RI 1989–1991 SЂRѕRyeR°S…: "RgRµS„S–S†RёS‚", "RgR°R»Rё RI RЅR°RiSЂSѓR·RyeSѓ", "RIRёRyeRёRЅSѓR»Rё", "RgS–SЃS‚R°S‚Rё RїRѕ R±R»R°S‚Sѓ". RџRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё RЅRµ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S”, RїSЂRѕ S‰Rѕ R№RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ, RyeRѕR»Rё S‡RёS‚R°S‚RёRјRµ RЅR°R±S–SЂ S†RёS… R»RµRyeSЃRёS‡RЅRёS… RјR°SЂRyeRµSЂS–RI RїRµSЂS–RѕRgSѓ SЂRѕR·RIRёRЅRµRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRѕS†S–SЏR»S–R·RјSѓ!

RњRё RЅR°RIS‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ RIRёSЂRѕR±R»SЏS‚Rё S– RїSЂRѕRgR°RIR°S‚Rё S‚R°RyeSѓ RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ SЃRјR°RyeRѕR»RёRyeS–RI, SЏRyeR° R±SѓR»R° RЅRµRgRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕSЋ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R»SЋRgRёRЅS– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RI SѓSЏRIS–!

RЈ RIRµR»RёRyeRёS… RјS–SЃS‚R°S… RїRѕS‡R°RISЃSЏ SЂRµSЃS‚RѕSЂR°RЅRЅRёR№ R±SѓRј. RњRё RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ Sѓ RїSЏS‚S–SЂS†S– R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI R· RIRёSЂRѕS‰SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·RµSЂRЅRѕRIRёS… S– RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»R°SЃSЏ RЅR° RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёS… RµRyeSЃRїRѕSЂS‚RµSЂS–RI R·RµSЂRЅR° Sѓ SЃRIS–S‚S–!

RњRё — S†Rµ RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°, SЏRyeR° 28 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ RЅRµ RјRѕRiR»R° R·R°R±RµR·RїRµS‡RёS‚Rё S…R»S–R±RѕRј SЃRµR±Rµ — R·R° RЅRёRј SЃS‚RѕSЏR»Rё R±R°RiR°S‚RѕRiRѕRgRёRЅRЅS– S‡RµSЂRiRё!

RЈSЃRµ S†Rµ R·RјS–RЅRёR»RѕSЃSЏ R·R° 28 SЂRѕRyeS–RI!

RњRё S—R·RgRёRјRѕ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RISЃS–S”SЋ R„RISЂRѕRїRѕSЋ R±RµR· RIS–R·! RЇRyeR±Rё RIR°Rј SЃRyeR°R·R°R»Rё R·R° S‡R°SЃS–RI R‘SЂRµR¶RЅS”RIR° S‡Rё RђRЅRgSЂRѕRїRѕRIR°, S‰Rѕ RIRё R±SѓRgRµS‚Rµ S—R·RgRёS‚Rё RgRѕ RџR°SЂRёR¶R° S‡Rё RђRјSЃS‚RµSЂRgR°RјR° R±RµR· RIS–R·, — SЏRye R±Rё RIRё RIS–RgSЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR° S†Rµ?

R’RїR°R»R° R—R°R»S–R·RЅR° R·R°RIS–SЃR° RјS–R¶ RЅR°RјRё S– RЅRёRјRё! R‘R° R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ, Sѓ RЅRѕRIS–R№ S…RѕR»RѕRgRЅS–R№ RIS–R№RЅS–, SЏRyeSѓ SЂRѕR·RISЏR·R°R»R° RњRѕSЃRyeRIR°, RјRё RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕ S–RЅS€RёR№ R±S–Rye RЅRѕRIRѕS— R—R°R»S–R·RЅRѕS— R·R°RIS–SЃRё!

R† RЅR°R№RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅS–S€Rµ — RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RјRѕR¶Rµ RїRѕSЃR°RgRёS‚Rё RїRѕRµS‚R° R·R° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RјRёSЃR»RёS‚SЊ S– RgRёS…R°S” RЅRµ S‚R°Rye, SЏRye RIRµR»RёS‚SЊ "RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅR° R»S–RЅS–SЏ RїR°SЂS‚S–S—"! RљRµR№SЃ R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ RЎS‚SѓSЃR° RI SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёR№!

R‘Rѕ RјRё — RIS–R»SЊRЅS–!

RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgR° S” RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRёRј SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚RѕRј 28 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё.

R† SЏRye RјRѕR¶RЅR° RїS–SЃR»SЏ RISЃS–S… S†RёS… RЅRµR№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRёS… R·RIRµSЂS€RµRЅSЊ RїSЂRёRјSѓRgSЂRёS‚RёSЃSЏ R±SѓS‚Rё RЅR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€RѕSЋ RЅR°S†S–S”SЋ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RyeRѕRЅS‚RёRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI?!

RўR°RyeRёR№ S–RЅS„R°RЅS‚RёR»S–R·Rј R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕS— S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI S” RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅRёRј.

RќRµRIRёRїSЂR°RIRgR°RЅS– RѕS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·R°SЃR»S–RїR»SЋSЋS‚SЊ.

RњRё RIR¶Rµ RїSЂRѕS…RѕRgRёR»Rё S†Rµ 2010 SЂRѕRyeSѓ: R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ RѕR±S–S†SЏRЅRёS… RїRѕRyeSЂR°S‰RµRЅRЅSЏ S– SЃS‚R°R±S–R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё S‚S–, S…S‚Rѕ RiRѕR»RѕSЃSѓRIR°RI R·R° RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡R°, — RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё RIS–R№RЅSѓ R№ R·R»RёRgRЅS–.

R† RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RIS–Rg RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRyeS–RI SѓSЂSЏRgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡R° RїRѕSЃS‚SЂR°R¶RgR°R»Rё SЃR°RјRµ RI SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅR°S…, SЏRyeS– R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»Rё, — R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRye S– R›SѓRiR°RЅSЃSЊRye.

RЎR°RјRµ S†S– SЂRµRiS–RѕRЅRё R№ RЅRµSЃSѓS‚SЊ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€Sѓ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RїRѕSЃR°RgSѓ RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° R»SЋRgRёRЅR°, SЏRyeR° RI R·R° SЃRIRѕS—RјRё SЏRyeRѕSЃS‚SЏRјRё RЅSѓ RЅS–SЏRye RЅRµ RјR°R»R° RЅRёRј SЃS‚R°S‚Rё.

R‘RѕSЋSЃSЏ, SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiRё RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊ, SЏRye R·R°RјS–SЂSЏS‚Rё, S‡Rё RЅR°RIS‡RёR»RѕSЃSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIRѕ RЅRµ RїRѕRIS‚RѕSЂSЋRIR°S‚Rё RїRѕRјRёR»RѕRye.

R›RёS€Rµ 10,7% SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RЅRёRЅS– SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓSЋS‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ S” RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeR°RјRё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— S‚R° SЃRѕS†S–SЏR»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–R№. 20 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RI R»S–RIRёS… S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–R№ R±SѓR»Rѕ RјR°R№R¶Rµ 28%. RўRѕRgS– — RјR°R№R¶Rµ S‚SЂRµS‚RёRЅR°, S‚RµRїRµSЂ — RјRµRЅS€Rµ, RЅS–R¶ RyeRѕR¶RµRЅ RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR№. RўR°Rye SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓSЋS‚SЊ RЅR°R№RЅRѕRIS–S€S– RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRѕRIR°RЅS– RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiS–S— RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R°RyeR°RgRµRјS–S— RЅR°SѓRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ S–RЅS€Rµ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ (RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRѕRIR°RЅRµ Vox Ukraine RI S‡RµSЂRIRЅS– 2019 SЂ.) RѕRїSЂRёSЏRIRЅSЋS” RїR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃ: R»S–RIS– R№ R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚R°SЂRЅS– S†S–RЅRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RїRѕRgS–R»SЏSЋS‚SЊ RЅRµ 10, R° 73% SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI!

 
RћRїRёS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ VoxUkraine RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓS”, S‰Rѕ 73.3% SЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚S–RI S” RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeR°RјRё R»S–RIRѕ-R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚R°SЂRЅRёS… S†S–RЅRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№. R RµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚Rё RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rё RѕRїSЂRёR»SЋRgRЅRµRЅS– Sѓ S‡RµSЂRIRЅS– 2019 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
RgR¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: voxukraine

R”RѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiS–S— S†Rµ RїS–RgS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓSЋS‚SЊ: RЅR° R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ-RјR°SЂRyeRµSЂRё R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°SЋS‚SЊ SЃR°RјRµ SЏRye RїSЂRёS…RёR»SЊRЅRёRyeRё R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚R°SЂRёR·RјSѓ S‚R° R»S–RIRёS… S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–R№.

RњR°S”RјRѕ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RїSЂRёRyeR»R°RgS–RI S‚R°RyeRёS… RјR°SЂRyeRµSЂS–RI.

R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRёRЅRyeSѓ R·RµRјR»S– — RјR°R№R¶Rµ 64%. R† S†Rµ S‚RµR¶ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёR№ RјR°RyeSЃRёRјSѓRј. RњS–RЅS–RјSѓRј R±SѓRI RgR°R»RµRyeRѕRiRѕ 1996 SЂRѕRyeSѓ — S‚RѕRgS– RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕRgR°R¶Sѓ R·RµRјR»S– RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїR°R»Rё 41,8%. R’RёS…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RIS–RgS‡SѓS‚RЅRѕ RїRѕR»S–RIS–S€R°R»Rё R·R° SЃRIRѕS—RјRё S†S–RЅRЅRѕSЃS‚SЏRјRё.

60,5% SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RIRIR°R¶R°SЋS‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ RgR»SЏ "RЅRѕSЂRјR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ RyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅR° "SЃRёR»SЊRЅR° SЂSѓRyeR°", R° RЅRµ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIRё RїSЂRѕ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–SЋ".

RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅ R·R°R»RёS€R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RЅRµRїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚RЅRѕSЋ RїRѕSЃS‚R°S‚S‚SЋ RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—. 58% SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI SЃRїSЂRёR№RјR°SЋS‚SЊ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° RЅRµRiR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕ.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ SЃRѕS†S–RѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅR° RiSЂSѓRїR° "R RµR№S‚RёRЅRi" R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёR»R°, S‰Rѕ RїSЏS‚SЊ SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ, 2014-RiRѕ, RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° RЅRµRiR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕ SЃRїSЂRёR№RјR°R»Rѕ R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ R»SЋRgRµR№, RЅS–R¶ S‚RµRїRµSЂ, — 70%.

RЎS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° RїRѕRјSЏRyeS€RёR»RѕSЃSЏ RЅR° 12 RїSѓRЅRyeS‚S–RI R·R° 5 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїS–SЃR»SЏ RњR°R№RgR°RЅSѓ.

 
RЎS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RgRѕ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° RїRѕRјSЏRyeS€R°R»Rѕ. RџRµSЂRµRg RњR°R№RgR°RЅRѕRј Sѓ 2012 SЂRѕS†S– RЅRµRiR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕ SЃRїSЂRёR№RјR°R»Rё S†SЋ RїRѕSЃS‚R°S‚SЊ 62% SЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚S–RI, RїS–SЃR»SЏ RњR°R№RgR°RЅSѓ, Sѓ 2014 SЂRѕS†S– - 70%, Sѓ 2016 - 66%, Sѓ 2018 - 58%
RgR¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: SЃRi SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRi

R† RISЃRµ S†Rµ RїRѕSЂRѕRgR¶SѓS” R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ: S‡Rё RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°S” S†Rµ, S‰Rѕ RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS– R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°S” R·R°RїRёS‚ RЅR° R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚R°SЂRёR·Rј?

R’RµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅRѕSЋ SЃRїRѕRyeSѓSЃRѕSЋ RgR»SЏ "SЃR»SѓRi RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ" S” RїRѕS‡R°S‚Rё S€SѓRyeR°S‚Rё RIRѕSЂRѕRiS–RI RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ SЏRye S†R°RїR° RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R№R»R°, RyeRѕR»Rё RЅRµRIRёRїSЂR°RIRgR°RЅS– RѕS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– RЅRµ R·RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ SЂRµR°R»S–R·SѓRIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ. RЎSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRёR№ R·R°RїRёS‚ RЅR° "SЃRёR»SЊRЅSѓ SЂSѓRyeSѓ" RјR°S”RјRѕ.

RЈ S†SЊRѕRјSѓ S” RїRµRIRЅRёR№ RїR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃ, R°R»Rµ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ RЅR° R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, S‡Rё R·RјRѕR¶RµRјRѕ RјRё SѓRЅRёRyeRЅSѓS‚Rё R·R°RiSЂRѕR·Rё RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ "R°RIS‚RѕSЂRёS‚R°SЂRёR·RјSѓ RїS–Rg RјR°SЃRyeRѕSЋ RyeR»RѕSѓRЅR°", S” RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRgSЋ RЅR° R·R°RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, S‡Rё RЅR°RIS‡RёRјRѕSЃSЏ RјRё RјRёSЃS‚RµS†S‚RIR° SЂR°RgS–S‚Rё RЅRµRgRѕSЃRyeRѕRЅR°R»RѕSЃS‚S– RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ R±SѓS‚S‚SЏ S– R±SѓS‚Rё S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёRјRё RI SѓRјRѕRIR°S…, SЏRyeS– RgR»SЏ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RјS–R»SЊSЏSЂRgS–RI RЅR°S€RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI RїRѕ RїR»R°RЅRµS‚S– RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅRµRgRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRЅS–.

RљS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ RјRµRЅRµ RISЂR°R·RёRI S‚RѕR№ S„R°RyeS‚, S‰Rѕ R¶RёS‚RµR»S– RќRµRїR°R»Sѓ Sѓ SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕRјSѓ SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiSѓ S‰R°SЃS‚SЏ RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RIRёS‰Rµ R·R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RїRѕRїSЂRё S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ S†Rµ RyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RЅR°R№RЅRёR¶S‡RѕRiRѕ — RїRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ! — S‰R°R±R»SЏ R·R° RgRѕS…RѕRgR°RјRё.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RgR»SЏ RЅRµRїR°R»SЊS†S–RI — SЏRye RЁRIRµR№S†R°SЂS–SЏ RgR»SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI. RњRё RgR»SЏ RЅRёS… — RЅRµR№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕ R·R°RјRѕR¶RЅR° RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°. RђR»Rµ RIRѕRЅRё S‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–, R° RјRё — RЅS–.

RЇ S‚RѕRgS– S‡S–RїR»SЏRISЃSЏ RgRѕ RISЃS–S…, S…S‚Rѕ RјS–Ri RјRµRЅS– RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–SЃS‚Rё, S‡Rё RIRѕRЅRё S‰R°SЃR»RёRIS– S– S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR±RёS‚SЊ S—S… S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёRјRё?

RЈ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ SЏ S‡SѓRI R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ: S‚R°Rye, R·RIS–SЃRЅRѕ, SЏ S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёR№!

R’S–Rg SѓRїSЂR°RIRёS‚RµR»SЏ RiRѕS‚RµR»SЋ RI RљR°S‚RјR°RЅRgSѓ SЏ RIRёSЃR»SѓS…R°RI S†S–R»Sѓ R»RµRyeS†S–SЋ. R¦Rµ R±SѓRI RµRyeSЃRїSЂRѕRјS‚, R°R»Rµ SЏ RјR°RI RIS–RgS‡SѓS‚S‚SЏ, RЅS–R±Rё S‰RѕR№RЅRѕ RїRѕS‡SѓRI R»RµRyeS†S–SЋ RyeR»R°SЃRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRѕS†S–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЃRёS…RѕR»RѕRiR° S‡Rё S„S–R»RѕSЃRѕS„R°.

RўR°Rye SЏ S‡S–RїR»SЏRISЃSЏ RgRѕ RISЃS–S…, S…S‚Rѕ RјS–Ri RјRµRЅS– S‰RѕSЃSЊ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–SЃS‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RЅRµRїR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂRµS†RµRїS‚ "R±SѓS‚Rё S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёRј", — RgRѕ RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёS… R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI S– R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRёS… SЃRµR»SЏRЅ, RїSЂRѕRgR°RIS‡RёRЅSЊ S– RiS–RgS–RI-RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeS–RI. RЇ RїRёS‚R°RI, S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR±RёS‚SЊ S—S… S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёRјRё, Sѓ SЃRёRЅR° RIR»R°SЃRЅRёS†S– RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ R»RѕRgR¶Sѓ RI RјR°R»RµRЅSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RIRёSЃRѕRyeRѕRiS–SЂRЅRѕRјSѓ SЃRµR»S– R“SЏSЂSѓ S– RI RјSѓR·RёRyeRё R· RџRѕRyeS…R°SЂRё.

R’S–RgRїRѕRIS–RgS– R±SѓR»Rё RїSЂRёR±R»RёR·RЅRѕ RѕRgRЅR°RyeRѕRIRёRјRё.

R† RѕSЃSЊ RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ S€R»SЏS…Sѓ SЏ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ, RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RЅSѓ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅR° RїR°SЂRyeR°RЅS– RI RџRѕRyeS…R°SЂS– RјR°RyeSЃRёRјR°R»SЊRЅRѕ R»R°RyeRѕRЅS–S‡RЅRѕ:

R‘SѓS‚Rё S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёRј — S†Rµ R·RIRёS‡RyeR°.

R† R±SѓS‚Rё SЃSѓRјRЅRёRј — S†Rµ R·RIRёS‡RyeR°.

R’RёR±S–SЂ — S‚RIS–R№!

 

R’SѓR»RёS‡RЅRµ RiSЂR°S„S–S‚S– Sѓ RџRѕRyeS…R°SЂS–, RќRµRїR°R»: "R‘SѓS‚Rё S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёRј — S†Rµ R·RIRёS‡RyeR°. R† R±SѓS‚Rё SЃSѓRјRЅRёRј — S†Rµ R·RIRёS‡RyeR°. R’RёR±S–SЂ — S‚RIS–R№!"

R¤RћRўRћ: RѕR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R·S–RЅS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ, 2016

28 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚RѕRјSѓ RЅR°S€ RIRёR±S–SЂ R±SѓRI — R±SѓS‚Rё RIS–R»SЊRЅRёRјRё. RўRµRїRµSЂ RЅR°S€Rµ R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ — RЅR°RIS‡RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RѕR±RёSЂR°S‚Rё R±SѓS‚Rё S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёRјRё. RџRѕRїSЂRё RISЃS– RЅR°R№SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅS–S€S– RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅRё R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ S– RIS–R№RЅSѓ R· R°RiSЂRµSЃRёRIRЅRёRј SЃSѓSЃS–RgRѕRј. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° — RЅRµ R§R°Rg, RЅRµ R•S„S–RѕRїS–SЏ S– RЅRµ RЈRiR°RЅRgR°. RћR±RёSЂR°S‚Rё R±SѓS‚Rё S‰R°SЃR»RёRIRёRј S‚SѓS‚ R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚S–S€Rµ.

RўRµRyeSЃS‚ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ Sѓ S‚RёR¶RЅRµRIRёRyeSѓ "R”R·RµSЂRyeR°R»Rѕ S‚RёR¶RЅSЏ", S‚SѓS‚ RIS–RЅ RgRѕRїRѕRIRЅRµRЅRёR№ RiSЂR°S„S–RyeR°RјRё S– RgS–R°RiSЂR°RјR°RјRё, SЏRyeS– RЅRµ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёR»Rё Sѓ RiR°R·RµS‚RЅRёR№ RIR°SЂS–R°RЅS‚ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S—  

RџSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR° V«R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏV». RќR°RIS–S‰Rѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°R»Rё RЅR° V«RјRѕRISѓV» RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RїS–SЃRµRЅSЊ R·R°SЏRISѓ RњRѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIR°?

RќRµRIRgRѕRIR·S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ "R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ" RЅR° R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏS…, S‰Rѕ SЃS‚R°R»Rё S‚RµRїRµSЂ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё, RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё RIRёRЅRёRyeR°S‚Rё "RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅS–" RїS–SЃRЅS– R№ RIS–SЂS€S– RїSЂRѕ "R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°-RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR°" S‚R° "RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°RЅS–RI". RўR°RyeR° S‚RIRѕSЂS‡S–SЃS‚SЊ, RїRѕRїSЂRё SЃRIS–R№ RIRgR°RIR°RЅRёR№ "SЃS‚RёS…S–R№RЅRёR№" S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ, RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»R° RЅR°RїSЂRѕS‡SѓRg SЃS…RѕR¶RѕSЋ RЅR° RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RўRђRЎRЎ S‡Rё RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS†S– "RџSЂR°RIRgRё".

R„SЂSѓSЃR°R»RёRј Sѓ SЃRµSЂS†S– RђS„SЂRёRyeRё

"RћSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°SЋSЃSЏ RїRёSЃR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RЅRёS…, R±Rѕ RјRµRЅS– RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїRѕRIS–SЂRёS‚SЊ, R°R»Rµ RїSЂRёSЃSЏRiR°SЋSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RїRёS€Sѓ S‰RёSЂSѓ RїSЂR°RIRgSѓ..." RЇRye SЃRyeRµR»SЊRЅS– S†RµSЂRyeRIRё R›R°R»S–R±RµR»Rё SѓRIS–S‡RЅRёR»Rё S—S…RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚RIRѕSЂS†SЏ S– RїRѕR·R±R°RIRёR»Rё RIR»R°RgRё R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°S‰R°RgRyeS–RI

R§RµSЃR°RЅS–RI. RњS–SЃS‚Rѕ RЅR° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRёRyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅS–

R”RѕR»SЏ RјS–SЃS‚R° RyeRѕR»RёRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ RјS–R¶ RgRIRѕRјR° S‚RѕS‚R°R»S–S‚R°SЂRЅRёRјRё SЂRµR¶RёRјR°RјRё. 22 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1939 RgRѕ RјS–SЃS‚RµS‡RyeR° SѓRIS–R№S€R»Rё RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeS– S‚R°RЅRyeRѕRIS– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°. R—RiS–RgRЅRѕ R· RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS–RјRё RgRѕRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕSЃS‚SЏRјRё, RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё RїRµSЂRµRgR°S‚Rё R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ. 28 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° 24-S‚R° S‚R°RЅRyeRѕRIR° R±SЂRёRiR°RgR° RgRѕSЃSЏRiR»R° R§RµSЃR°RЅRѕRIR°. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, R·RiS–RgRЅRѕ R· RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRёRј RgRѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂRѕRј RїSЂRѕ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRё RјS–R¶ RЎR RЎR  S– RўSЂRµS‚S–Rј R RµR№S…RѕRј, R§RµSЃR°RЅS–RI Sѓ R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– 1939 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RIS–RgS–R№S€RѕRI RgRѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕRiRѕ.

RџSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RGS–SЂRѕR°RyeS– RљSѓSЂRѕRјS–SЏ: R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·Rј

R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS” RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RI RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ S„RѕSЂRјS–. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RјRѕRI, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S–RgRµR№, RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RISЃS–Rј S†RёRј. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS– R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ S” S†RµRЅS‚SЂRѕRј S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅSЊRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. R† SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RIRё R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RI S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RїR»R°RЅS– SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃRѕRј, S‚Rѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕSЋ R±SѓRgRµ RЅR°R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»RµRiS€Rµ. R’ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRµRЅSЃS–, SЏ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, R”RѕRЅR±R°SЃ RgSѓR¶Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. RЇ RgSѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ RљRёS—RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg R·RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ R· S†RёRјRё R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё.