25 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?

RџS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIRyeR° R·R±SЂRѕR№RЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRјRё RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS–R№ S–RјRїRµSЂS–S— SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЊ Sѓ S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅS– S€RµRIS‡RµRЅRyeS–RISЃSЊRyeS– RgRЅS– 24-25 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ. R—R° SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRј RyeR°R»RµRЅRgR°SЂRµRј – S†Rµ 9-10 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ. RЈ RgRµRЅSЊ, RyeRѕR»Rё RїRѕ RISЃSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RїSЂR°RIRёR»Rё RїR°RЅR°S…RёRgRё R·R° RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeRѕRј, S†R°SЂ RњRёRyeRѕR»R° R†R† RgS–R·RЅR°RISЃSЏ: Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– S–RјRїRµSЂS–S— RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЊ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ.

RЈ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS–, RgRµ RїRѕRјRµSЂ RљRѕR±R·R°SЂ S– RgRµ RїRѕS‚S–Rј RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ RџSѓS‚S–RЅ – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRёS†SЊRyeR° RјRѕR»RѕRgSЊ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ SЂRѕRyeS–RI S†S–R»RyeRѕRј SЃRµSЂR№RѕR·RЅRѕ S– SЃRёSЃS‚RµRјRЅRѕ RiRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»R° R·R±SЂRѕR№RЅRµ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ.

R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRёRј RgSЂR°R№RIRµSЂRѕRј R·R°RgSѓRјSѓ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїR°R»R° SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅR° Sѓ 1900 SЂRѕS†S– RI RGR°SЂRyeRѕRIS– R RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏ (R RЈRџ). RџRµSЂS€RёRј RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјRЅRёRј RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚RѕRј SЏRyeRѕS— R±SѓR»R° R±SЂRѕS€SѓSЂR° "RЎR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°" RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё RњS–S…RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ.

R”Rѕ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R RЈRџ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёR»R° R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ SЂS–R·RЅRѕRiRѕ – R·RјS–RЅRёR»R° RЅR°R·RISѓ RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЃRѕS†S–R°R»-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅR° SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RїR°SЂS‚S–SЏ (RЈRЎR”R Rџ). R’S–RgRјRѕRIRёR»R°SЃSЊ S– – RїS–SЃR»SЏ RgRѕRIRiRѕS— RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–S— – RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓR»R° RI SЃRIRѕSЋ RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјSѓ "RЅRµS–SЃRЅSѓSЋS‡Rµ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ" SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRёS†S‚RIR°.

Rђ R· 1913 SЂRѕRyeSѓ – SЂRѕR·RiRѕSЂRЅSѓR»R° RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅSѓ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅSѓ RїSЂR°S†SЋ Sѓ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR°S… SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—. RџRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ Sѓ RiRIR°SЂRgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRѕR»RyeR°S….

"RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RgRѕR±SЂRµ RЅR°R»R°RiRѕRgR¶RµRЅRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Sѓ RI R»[RµR№R±]- RiRI[R°SЂRgS–S—] R†R·RјR°R№R»RѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ, RЎRµRјRµRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ, RњRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ, R—R°R»S–R·RЅRёS‡RѕRјSѓ, R№ RџSЂRµRѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїRѕR»RyeR°S…, R° R· RїRµSЂRµS—R·RgRѕRј R’R°SЂS€R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— SЂRѕR±RѕS‚R° RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ Sѓ R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S– RI RgRµSЏRyeRёS… RёRЅS€RёS… RїRѕR»RyeR°S…. …RyeSЂRµR№SЃRµSЂ RђRISЂRѕSЂR°, R“RIR°SЂRgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RµRyeS–RїR°R¶, RџRµSЂS€RёR№ RљSѓR»RµRјRµS‚RЅRёR№ RїRѕR»Rye S‚RµR¶ RјR°R»Rё RiSѓSЂS‚RyeRё RЈRЎR”R Rџ, RgRµ S‚RµR¶ R¶RIR°RIRѕ RїSЂRѕRIR°RgRёR»R°SЃSЏ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅR° SЂRѕR±RѕS‚R°" [1].

R¦RµR№ SЃRїRѕRiR°Rg RЅR°R»RµR¶RёS‚SЊ RњRёS…R°R№R»Sѓ RђRIRgS–S”RЅRyeSѓ – RѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ S–R· R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI RїR°SЂS‚S–S—, SЏRyeRёR№ S– SЃR°Rј SЃR»SѓR¶RёRI Sѓ R†R·RјR°R№R»S–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїRѕR»RyeSѓ.

R—R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј RI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅS–R№ SЂRѕR±RѕS‚S– SЃRµSЂRµRg RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° S– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS†S‚RIR° RјS–SЃS‚R°, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RЅR° S„SЂRѕRЅS‚S–, RgRѕRїRѕRјR°RiR°R»R° RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅR° RiR°R·RµS‚R° RЈRЎR”R Rџ "RќR°S€Rµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ". R’RёS…RѕRgRёR»R° RIRѕRЅR° S–R· 1915 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S– RgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ RЅR° SЂRѕS‚R°S‚RѕSЂS– Sѓ… R“RµRЅS€S‚R°R±S– SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— [2].

R“SЂSѓRїR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSЂRѕRјR°RgRё RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgR°, RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.
R“SЂSѓRїR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSЂRѕRјR°RgRё RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgR°, RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ RЅR°RgR°RI R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂ RњRѕSЂRµRЅRµS†SЊ

RћS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёR№ RїRµSЂRµRїRёSЃ RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ RI RgRIRѕRјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅRЅS–R№ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– S–RјRїRµSЂS–S— RјRµS€RyeR°R»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ 11 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI. RђR»Rµ, RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS–, RЅR°S€R° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR° SЃRyeR»R°RgR°R»R° R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ 100 000 RѕSЃS–R±.

RЎRµSЂRµRg RЅRёS… R±SѓR»Rѕ S– 30 000 RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI, SЏRyeS– S‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё 1/5 RiR°SЂRЅS–R·RѕRЅSѓ RјS–SЃS‚R° [3]. RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R›RѕS‚RѕS†SЊRyeRёR№, RiRѕR»RѕRIR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgR°, R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI:

"RќR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RµR»RµRјRµRЅS‚Sѓ RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– S‚R° RI S—S— RѕRyeRѕR»RёS†SЏS… R±SѓR»Rѕ SЃRµSЂRµRg RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°. TђRIR°SЂRgRµR№SЃSЊRyeS– RїRѕR»RyeRё RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ, R° RgRµSЏRyeS– RјR°R№R¶Rµ RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RЅRѕ RyeRѕRјRїR»S”S‚RѕRIR°RЅS– R±SѓR»Rё R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, — SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїRѕSЂRѕRgR°, S‰Rѕ RјR°R»R° RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeS– S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–S—, RgR°RIR°R»R° RЅR°R№R»S–RїS€RёR№ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–SЏR» RgR»SЏ R·SЂR°R·RyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°. R’ S‚RёS… S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR°S… RјS–SЃS‚R°, RgRµ R±SѓR»Rё RyeR°R·R°SЂRјRё… R·R°RIS€Rµ RјRѕR¶RЅR° R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕS‡SѓS‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ" [4].



R“R°R»RёS‡R°RЅRёRЅ S– SЃS–S‡RѕRIRёR№ SЃS‚SЂS–R»RµS†SЊ, R° R·RiRѕRgRѕRј SЃRѕS‚RЅRёRye R°SЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  RђT‘R°S‚RѕRЅ R”RѕR±SЂSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№, SѓS‚S–RyeR°SЋS‡Rё R· SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RѕRЅSѓ RI RЎRёRјR±S–SЂSЃSЊRyeSѓ, RIRѕR»RµSЋ RgRѕR»S– RѕRїRёRЅRёRISЃSЏ Sѓ RµRїS–S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—.

 
R„RIRiRµRЅ RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡ - S‡R»RµRЅ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё, Sѓ R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ – RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. R RѕR·S‡R°SЂRѕRIR°RЅRёRј Sѓ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS†S– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI R·R°R»RёS€RёRI RїRѕSЃR°RgSѓ. R RѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°RјRё

R’S–RЅ S‚RµR¶ RїS–RgS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓS”, S‰Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– SЂRµR°R»SЊRЅRѕ RiRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»Rѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ:

"RЇRyeRѕSЃSЊ Sѓ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIS– R·S– RјRЅRѕSЋ [R„RIRiRµRЅ] RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡ SЃRyeR°R·R°RI, S‰Rѕ 14 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RјR°R»R° RIRёR±SѓS…RЅSѓS‚Rё RI R RѕSЃS–S— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ. RђR»Rµ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RgRЅS–RI RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ S‚RѕR№R¶Rµ RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡ S–R· SЃSѓRјRѕRј RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјRёRI RјRµRЅRµ, S‰Rѕ RїRѕR»S–S†S–R№RЅR° RIR»R°RgR° RgRѕRIS–RgR°R»R°SЃSЏ R·R°R·RgR°R»RµRiS–RgSЊ RїSЂRѕ RїR»SЏRЅ RїRµSЂRµRIRѕSЂRѕS‚Sѓ R№ R·R»S–RyeRIS–RgSѓRIR°R»R° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№RЅSѓ SЏS‡RµR№RyeSѓ.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, SЃRyeR°R·R°RI RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡, SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅS– RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS— S‚R°Rye RiR»RёR±RѕRyeRѕ RїSЂRѕSЃSЏRyeR»Rё RI RјR°SЃRё, S‰Rѕ R·R°RїRѕR±S–RiS‚Rё RyeR°S‚R°SЃS‚SЂRѕS„S– S†R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓSЂSЏRg SѓR¶Rµ RЅRµ RјR°S” SЃRёR»Rё. R’RѕRЅR° RјRѕR¶Rµ RIRёR±SѓS…RЅSѓS‚Rё RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕS— S…RIRёR»RёRЅRё" [5].

R¦R°SЂSЃSЊRyeSѓ R RѕSЃS–SЋ R·R°RIR°R»RёR»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIRѕSЏRyeRё

RЈ RgRµRЅSЊ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR° – 24 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ (9 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ) 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ – Sѓ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RISЃSЏ R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ SЃS‚SЂR°R№Rye.

RўSѓS‚ S‚SЂRµR±R° RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RЅR° R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… R·R°RIRѕRgR°S… RgS–SЏR»Rё SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡S– RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— RЈRЎR”R Rџ. RќR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, RЅR° RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRјSѓ – RџSѓS‚RёR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏ RЅR°R»S–S‡SѓRIR°R»R° R±S–R»SЏ 400 RѕSЃS–R± [6].

R¦SЊRѕRiRѕ R¶ RgRЅSЏ RЈRЎR”R Rџ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёR»R° "SЂRµRїRµS‚RёS†S–SЋ" RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeS–RISЃSЊRyeRёS… RIRµS‡S–SЂRѕRye R·R° R°RgSЂRµSЃRѕSЋ RISѓR». RњRёRyeRѕR»R°S—RISЃSЊRyeR°, 29. R—S–R±SЂR°R»RёSЃSЊ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RїR°SЂS‚S–R№RЅRёS… RiSѓSЂS‚RyeS–RI RЎRµRјRµRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RњRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S– RљSѓR»RµRјRµS‚RЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RyeS–RI, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ S–R· R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ S€S‚R°R±Sѓ (SѓSЃS– RI S†RёRIS–R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ).

RџRѕ RјS–SЃS‚Sѓ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RIR±RёS‚RёS… RїRѕR»S–S†S–S”SЋ. R†R· RЅR°SЂR°RgRё, SЏRye R·R°RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RђRIRgS–S”RЅRyeRѕ, SЂRѕR·S–R№S€R»RёSЃSЊ: "RIR¶RёRIR°S‚Rё RISЃS–S… R·R°SЃRѕR±S–RI, S‰RѕR± RЅRµ SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏS‚Rё RI RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°RЅS‚S–RI, Sѓ RЅR°SЂRѕRg".

R“SЂSѓRїR° RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI RIRѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RyeSѓ S–R· RiRѕSЃS‚SЏRјRё R· RђRЅRiR»S–S—, R±RµSЂRµR·RµRЅSЊ 1917 SЂ.
R“SЂSѓRїR° RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI RIRѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RyeSѓ S–R· RiRѕSЃS‚SЏRјRё R· RђRЅRiR»S–S—, R±RµSЂRµR·RµRЅSЊ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
RђRIS‚RѕSЂ S„RѕS‚Rѕ: RЇRyeS–RI RЁS‚RµR№RЅR±RµSЂRi

R’SЂR°RЅS†S– 27 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°R»R° "SѓS‡RµR±RyeR°" R»RµR№R±-RiRIR°SЂRgS–S— R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RyeSѓ.

RџRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅR° R»S–R±RµSЂR°R»SЊRЅR° RiR°R·RµS‚R° "RљRёRµRISЃRyeR°SЏ RјS‹SЃR»SЊ" S‰Rµ 6 (19) RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1917 SЂ. RїRёSЃR°R»R°, S‰Rѕ "RїS–RgRЅSЏRI RIRѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»Rye", SЏRyeRёR№ RїRµSЂS€RёRј RїSЂRёR№S€RѕRI S†S–R»RyeRѕRј RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅRёRј RI RўR°RISЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°R»R°S†, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RђRIRgS–S”RЅRyeRѕ.

Rђ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЂR°RgRё S– RѕRgRёRЅ R· R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI RЈRЎR”R Rџ RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ R„SЂRµRјS–S—RI S‚RIRµSЂRgRёRI: "RїRѕR»Rye RIRёR№S€RѕRI RgRѕ RјS–SЃS‚R° RїS–Rg RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRѕSЋ RњRёS…R°R№R»R° RђRIRgS–S”RЅRyeR°, RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‡R»RµRЅR° R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЂR°RgRё" [7].

RЈ RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕRјSѓ S‡R°SЃS– S‚R°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°R»Rё R№ S–RЅS€S– RiRIR°SЂRgS–R№SЃSЊRyeS– RїRѕR»RyeRё, SЃS„RѕSЂRјRѕRIR°RЅS– RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI [8]. RЎRµRјRµRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№, R†R·RјR°R№R»S–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ (R·RiRѕRgRѕRј R›RµRЅS–RЅ, RyeRѕR»Rё S…RѕS‚S–RI RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїRёRїRё Sѓ S†RёS… RgRIRѕS… RїRѕR»RyeR°S… R·RјSѓS€RµRЅRёR№ R±SѓRI RgRѕRјRѕRIR»SЏS‚RёSЃSЊ S–R· RЈRЎR”R Rџ), R»RёS‚RѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° RїR°RIR»S–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№.



RЎR°RјRµ SЃRµSЂRµRg RЅRёS… RIRµR»Rё RїRѕSЃRёR»RµRЅSѓ RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅS– RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S—. R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R’RёRЅRЅRёS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ RIRIR°R¶R°RI, S‰Rѕ R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° R†R·RјR°R№R»S–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»Rye RїS–RgRЅSЏR»RёSЃSЊ RЅR° R·R°RyeR»RёRye RЈRЎR”R Rџ [9]. RќR°RiR°RgR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ RїRѕR»Rye R±SѓRI RgR»SЏ RњRёS…R°R№R»R° RђRIRgS–S”RЅRyeR° SЂS–RgRЅRёRј.

"R’RgR°SЂRёRIS€Rё RїR° RџRµS‚RµSЂR±SѓSЂRi, R·RЅRёS‰RёR»Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RgRѕS‰RµRЅS‚Sѓ RїRѕR»S–S†S–SЋ S– R¶R°RЅRgR°SЂR°RјRµSЂS–SЋ... RiRѕSЂS–RI SЃSѓRg... RџRѕ RїS–RIRЅRѕS‡S– RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё SЂRѕR·R±RёRIR°S‚Rё S‚SЋSЂRјRё S– RIRёRїSѓSЃRyeR°S‚Rё RЅR° RIRѕR»SЋ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RISЏR·RЅS–RI… RўRѕS—-R¶ RЅRѕS‡S– RIRёR№S€RѕRI RЅR° RIRѕR»SЋ S– RiR°R»RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ, Rѕ[S‚RµS†SЊ] S€R°RјR±[RµR»SЏRЅ] [RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ] R®SЂRёRye S–R· R—RѕR»RѕS‡RµRIR°, S‰Rѕ R· S‚R°RyeRёRј R·R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°RI RIS–RgS‚R°Rye RI R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅS– RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ SЃRIRѕS” RѕSЃRIRѕR±RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ...

RЎRїR°R»RµRЅRёR№ RїRѕR»S–S†RµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ R°SЂS…S–RI RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕT‘SЂR°RgS–, R»SЋS‚RёR№ 1917 SЂ.
RЎRїR°R»RµRЅRёR№ RїRѕR»S–S†RµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ R°SЂS…S–RI RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕT‘SЂR°RgS–, R»SЋS‚RёR№ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

Rђ RЅR°Rg SЂR°RЅRѕRј R·RgRѕR±SѓR»Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R°SЂSЃRµRЅR°R» S– SЂRѕR·RgR°R»Rё R·R±SЂRѕSЋ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRёRј RISЏR·RЅSЏRј, S‰Rѕ RЅRµ RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚SѓSЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RµS‰Rµ RI SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S—, RЅRµ SЂRѕR·R±S–RiR°R»RёSЃSЊ R° RgRµSЂR¶R°R»RёSЃSЊ S†S–R»RёRјRё RiSѓSЂS‚R°RјRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅS†S–RI S– SЃS‚R°R»Rё RIS–RgS‚R°Rye S—S… RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰RёRјRё RїRѕRјS–S‡RЅRёRyeR°RјRё" [10].

RћS‚RµS†SЊ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R®SЂRёRye, SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RIRёR·RIRѕR»RёR»Rё S–R· "RљSЂRµSЃS‚RѕRI", S‰Rµ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S– RїRёSЃR°RI: "RјRѕR¶Sѓ SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgRёS‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S†R°SЂRёR·Rј RїRѕRIR°R»RёR»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЃR°R»RgR°S‚Rё, R±Rѕ RiRIR°SЂRgS–R№SЃSЊRyeS– RїRѕR»RyeRё RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS–, S‰Rѕ RgR°R»Rё RїRѕS‡RёRЅ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— S– RЅRѕRIRѕRјSѓ R»R°RgRѕRIRё RI R RѕSЃS–S—, SЃRyeR°R»R°RgR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅS–R№ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚Rё R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI. RЎSЊRѕRiRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S„R°RyeS‚Sѓ RЅRµ RѕSЃRїRѕSЂSЋSЋS‚SЊ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS– S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃRё" [11].

RўRѕRiRѕ R¶ RgRЅSЏ, RyeRѕR»Rё RњRёRyeRѕR»R° R†R† R·SЂS–RyeSЃSЏ RїSЂRµSЃS‚RѕR»Sѓ (2(15) R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ), SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅR° RјRѕR»RѕRgSЊ RјS–SЃS‚R° – Sѓ RIR»R°SЃRЅS–R№ RIS–RgRѕR·RIS– – RјRѕRiR»R° RgRѕR·RIRѕR»RёS‚Rё SЃRѕR±S– RЅR°RїRёSЃR°S‚Rё:

"RЈ RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅS–R№ R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±S– RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–S… RgRЅS–RI RIRµR»RёRyeSѓ SЂRѕR»SЋ RIS–RgS–RiSЂR°RI S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgRµRјRѕSЃ RI RѕSЃRѕR±S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R¶RѕRIRЅS–SЂSЃS‚RIR° S‚RёS… RїRѕR»RyeS–RI, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRёR»SѓS‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ. R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRµ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃS‚RIRѕ R· RIRgSЏS‡RЅS–SЃS‚SЋ R·RiR°RgR°S” RyeRѕR»RёSЃSЊ, S‰Rѕ SЂSЏRgRё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°, SЏRyeRµ R±RѕSЂRѕR»RѕSЃSЏ R·R° SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgSѓ SЂR°R·RѕRј R· S€RёSЂRѕRyeRёRјRё RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёRјRё RјR°SЃR°RјRё RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgR°, RI R·RЅR°S‡RЅS–R№ RјS–SЂS– SЃRyeR»R°RgR°R»RёSЃSЏ R· SЃRёRЅS–RI… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЅR°S†S–S—" [12].

R¦SЋ RIS–RgRѕR·RISѓ SѓRyeR»R°RI RўRёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRёR№ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚. R¦RµR№ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ RgS–SЏRI RїR°SЂR°R»RµR»SЊRЅRѕ S–R· RЈRЎR”R Rџ, S‚R° RiSѓSЂS‚SѓRIR°RI SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ RµR»RµRјRµRЅS‚, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR° R„RIRiRµRЅR° RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡R° – R»S–RgRµSЂR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕS— SЂR°RgRё RјS–SЃS‚R°. RћRgRЅR°Rye, RIS–RЅ 11 (24) R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ RїSѓR±R»S–S‡RЅRѕ RISЃS‚SѓRїRёRI RgRѕ RЈRЎR”R Rџ S– RїRµSЂRµR№S€RѕRI RЅR° RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЋ R°RIS‚RѕRЅRѕRјS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё [13]. RўRѕR±S‚Rѕ R·SЂS–RyeSЃSЏ RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRѕS— S–RgRµS— RIS–RgRѕR·RIRё RIS–Rg 2 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ:

"SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ R¶RѕRIRЅS–SЂSЃS‚RIRѕ RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅRµ… SЃRїSЂR°RIRёS‚Rё RIRµR»RёRyeSѓ RµRЅRµSЂRiS–SЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R¶RѕRIRЅS–SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјR°SЃRё RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– RЅR° S€R»SЏS… R·R°RIRѕR№RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIR»R°SЃRЅRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїSЂR°RI… RќR°R№RїRѕRIRЅS–S€RёRј RIRёSЃR»RѕRIRѕRј S–RgRµS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RIRёR·RIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ S” RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅR° SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ".

R—R°RїS–R·RЅS–R»Rµ SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR°

RЎRѕS‚Sѓ SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†SЋ RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR° Sѓ 1914 SЂRѕS†S– RI S†R°SЂSЃSЊRyeS–R№ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡R°R»Rё "RЅS–RјRёRј SЋRIS–R»RµS”Rј".

RЇRye S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RїSЂRёR№S€R»R° RЅR°RiRѕRgR°, S…RѕS‡ S– S‡RµSЂRµR· S‚SЂRё SЂRѕRyeRё, SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё RIS€R°RЅSѓRIR°S‚Rё RљRѕR±R·R°SЂSЏ RїRѕ-RїRѕRIRЅRѕRјSѓ - RїR°RЅR°S…RёRgRѕSЋ Sѓ RљR°R·R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRѕR±RѕSЂS– RI RЅRµRgS–R»SЋ 12 (25) R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ, Rѕ 13.00

RћRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЋ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS–.
RћRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЋ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS–
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: RЎRїRѕRiR°RgRё Rћ.R›RѕS‚RѕS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ.

RћSЂRiRyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ SЃRISЏS‚RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R±SѓRI SЃS„RѕSЂRјRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ S–R· S‡RёSЃR»R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS–, S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRёRyeS–RI.

RЈRЎR”R Rџ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°R»R° S–RЅS–S†S–R°S‚RёRISѓ S– – R·R° SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј RњRёS…R°R№R»R° RђRIRgS–S”RЅRyeR° – RїSЂRёRIRµR»R° 12 000 SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI S‚R° SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI. RљRѕR»Rё R¶ R·S–R№S€R»RёSЃSЊ SѓSЃS– R·R°RїSЂRѕS€RµRЅS– – RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RgRµSЃSЏS‚R° S—S… S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RЅRµ R·RјRѕRiR»R° RїRѕRјS–SЃS‚RёS‚RёSЃSЊ Sѓ RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅRѕRјSѓ S…SЂR°RјS–.

R”RёRїR»RѕRјR°S‚ S– RIRѕSЏRye RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  RџRµS‚SЂRѕ RљRѕRIR°R»S–RI RїRёSЃR°RI S–R· R–RµRЅRµRIRё S‡RµSЂRµR· 20-S‚SЊ SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRѕRgS–R№:

"R—S–R№S€R»RѕSЃSЏ RЅR°Rg 20 000 RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI… R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R¶RѕRIS‚Rѕ-R±R»R°RyeS–S‚RЅRёS… SЃS‚SЂS–S‡RѕRye. R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R·R°RiRѕRЅS–RI SЃR°R»RgR°S‚S–RI SЂS–R¶RЅRёS… RїRѕR»RyeS–RI RїSЂRёRЅRµSЃR»Rё R¶RѕRIS‚Rѕ-R±R»R°RyeS–S‚RЅS– RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂRё. RљRѕR»Rё S†SЏ RјR°SЃR° RIRёS€RёRyeSѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ RЅR° RќRµRISЃSЊRyeS–Rј RџSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚S–, RIRёRiR»SЏRg R±SѓRI RЅR°RgR·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕ RIRµR»RёS‡RЅRёR№ S– R·RIRѕSЂSѓS€SѓSЋS‡RёR№" [14].

R’R°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RЅSЋR°RЅSЃ: RїRµSЂS€R° RїS–SЃR»SЏSЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅR° RјR°SЃRѕRIR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– RїS–Rg SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚RёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЊ S‚RёR¶RЅRµRј RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ: 19 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ, S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ 1 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ RI RљRёS”RIS– SѓRIRµSЃSЊ 1917 SЂS–Rye RgSѓR¶Rµ R·R°R»RµR¶R°R»R° RIS–Rg RїRѕRgS–R№, SЏRyeS– SЂRѕR·RiRѕSЂS‚R°R»RёSЃSЊ Sѓ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– [15].

RЎSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёR№ RIRёRg RљR°R·R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЃRѕR±RѕSЂ Sѓ RЎR°RЅRyeS‚-RџRµS‚RµSЂR±SѓSЂR·S– R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚Sѓ.
RЎSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёR№ RIRёRg RљR°R·R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЃRѕR±RѕSЂ Sѓ RЎR°RЅRyeS‚-RџRµS‚RµSЂR±SѓSЂR·S– R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚Sѓ
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: RђRЅRgSЂS”SЏ RњS–S…R°R№R»RѕRIR°

R©RѕRgRµRЅRЅR° RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅR° RiR°R·RµS‚R° "R SѓSЃSЃRyeR°SЏ R’RѕR»SЏ" RIS–Rg 13 (26) R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ RїRёSЃR°R»R°:

"…RјRЅRѕRiRѕS‚RёSЃSЏS‡RЅR° S‚RѕRIRїR° R·R°R№RЅSЏR»R° RISЃS– S‚SЂRѕS‚SѓR°SЂRё SЃRѕR±RѕSЂSѓ, RїS–RgRIRёS‰RµRЅRЅS” RїRµSЂRµRg S†RµSЂRyeRIRѕSЋ S– S†S–R»Sѓ RїR»RѕS‰Sѓ. R‘SѓR»Rѕ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ SЃR°R»RgR°S‚S–RI RїRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R·R°R»RѕRiRё. R”RµSЏRyeS– RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё S†S–R»RёRјRё SЂRѕS‚R°RјRё….

R’ RѕS‡S– RIRїR°RgR°SЋS‚SЊ RiSЂSѓRїRё RyeSЂR°SЃSѓRЅS–RI R§RѕSЂRЅRѕRјRѕSЂS†S–RI... RЈ RISЃS–S… R¶RѕRIS‚Rѕ-R±R»R°RyeRёS‚RЅS– SЃS‚SЏR¶RyeRё. R R°RgS–SЃRЅS– RѕR±R»RёS‡SЏ. R’ RЅR°S‚RѕRIRїS– SЃS‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRёR№ RiRѕRIS–SЂ, RISЃSЋRgRё RїRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRё" (S‚SѓS‚ S– RgR°R»S– S‚RѕRiRѕS‡R°SЃRЅS– RiR°R·RµS‚RЅS– RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S— RїRѕRgR°SЋ RI RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgS– R’S–SЃS‚RЅRёRyeR° RЎR’RЈ) [16].



R¦SЏ R¶ RiR°R·RµS‚R° R·R°S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°R»R° RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RЅSЋR°RЅSЃ:

"R’S…S–Rg RgRѕ S†RµSЂRyeRIRё RiR°SЂRЅRѕ RїSЂRёRyeSЂR°S€RµRЅRёR№ S‡RёSЃR»RµRЅRЅRёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂS†SЏRјRё S‚R° RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё".

RћR·RgRѕR±R»RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓSЃS–S”S— RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–S— RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё, RiR°SЃR»R°RјRё S– R·RЅR°RјRµRЅR°RјRё R· RiRµSЂR±R°RјRё RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RђSЂS…RёSЃS‚SЂR°RiR° RњRёS…R°S—R»R° S– R“R°R»RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R›RµRIR° R·RgS–R№SЃRЅSЋRIR°R»Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ R›S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅRѕ-RGSѓRgRѕR¶RЅS” RўRѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIRѕ RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– S–R· SЃRyeSѓR»SЊRїS‚RѕSЂRѕRј RЎRµSЂRiS–S”Rј R–SѓRyeRѕRј, RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· R»S–RgRµSЂS–RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSЂRѕRјR°RgRё RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSѓ [17].

R“R°R·RµS‚R° RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–R№RЅRёS…-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI "R S”S‡SЊ" Sѓ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S— "RЈRyeSЂR°RёRЅSЃRyeRѕRµ S‚RѕSЂR¶RµSЃS‚RIRѕ" RЅR°RїRёSЃR°R»R°:

"RџR°RЅR°S…RёRgSѓ RїRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–Rј RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS–Rј RїRѕRµS‚RѕRIRё RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»RµRЅRѕ RїS–Rg RiRѕR»RёRј RЅRµR±RѕRј, RISЃRµRЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕ. RќR° SЃS…RѕRgR°S… SЃRѕR±RѕSЂSѓ SЂRѕR·RјS–SЃS‚RёR»Rѕ SЃSЏ RgSѓS…RѕRIRµRЅSЃS‚RIRѕ, RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– R· RЅR°SЃS‚RѕSЏS‚RµR»RµRј RјRёS‚SЂRѕS„RѕSЂRЅRёRј RїSЂRѕS‚RѕS–S”SЂRµS”Rј [R¤S–R»RѕSЃRѕS„RѕRј] RћSЂRЅR°S†SЊRyeRёRј. R“R°SЂRЅRѕ SЃRїS–RIR°RI S–RјRїSЂRѕRIS–R·RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ S…RѕSЂ R· RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ. RџSЂRё SЃRїS–RIS– "RIS–S‡RЅRѕS— RїR°RјSЏS‚Rё" R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»SЋRgRµR№ SЃS‚RѕSЏR»Rѕ RЅR° RyeRѕR»S–RЅR°S…" [18].

RЈSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅS†SЊ RќRѕRIRiRѕSЂRѕRgS‰RёRЅRё SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRЅRѕRјSѓS‡RµRЅRёRye R¤S–R»RѕSЃRѕS„ RћSЂRЅR°S†SЊRyeRёR№, SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёR№ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RI R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
RЈSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅS†SЊ RќRѕRIRiRѕSЂRѕRgS‰RёRЅRё SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRЅRѕRјSѓS‡RµRЅRёRye R¤S–R»RѕSЃRѕS„ RћSЂRЅR°S†SЊRyeRёR№, SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёR№ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RI R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

RЈSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅS†SЊ RќRѕRIRiRѕSЂRѕRgS‰RёRЅRё SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRЅRѕRјSѓS‡RµRЅRёRye R¤S–R»RѕSЃRѕS„ RћSЂRЅR°S†SЊRyeRёR№, SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёR№ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RI R¶RѕRIS‚RЅS– 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

R¤S–R»RѕSЃRѕS„ RћSЂRЅR°S†SЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕ RIR»R°SЃRЅS–R№ S–RЅS–S†S–R°S‚RёRIS– RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIRёRI RїR°RЅR°RЅR°S…RёRgSѓ RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ R·R° RўR°SЂR°SЃRѕRј RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeRѕRј, R° RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃRЅRѕ S– R·R° RISЃS–S… "SѓRїR°RIS€RёS… R·R° RgRѕR±SЂRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ S‚R° R№RѕRiRѕ RIRѕR»S–". RGRѕSЂRё R·R°S‚SЏRiRЅSѓR»Rё "R—R°RїRѕRIS–S‚" RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR°.

RџSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS– – RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё SЃRїS–RI, RїRѕSЃRyeRёRgR°RIS€Rё RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅS– SѓR±RѕSЂRё. RџSЂRѕSЂRѕS‡Rµ R·R°R·RISѓS‡R°R»Rё SЃR»RѕRIR° RљRѕR±R·R°SЂSЏ: "RџRѕS…RѕRIR°R№S‚Rµ S‚R° RISЃS‚R°RIR°R№S‚Rµ, RyeR°R№RgR°RЅRё RїRѕSЂRIS–S‚Rµ!"

R”R°R»S– RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RјS–S‚RёRЅRi.

RЎRїRµSЂS€Sѓ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїRёRI R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRѕR·RЅR°RIRµS†SЊ RџR°RIR»Rѕ R—R°R№S†RµRI – R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RѕRgRЅS–S”S— R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅRёS… R±S–RѕRiSЂR°S„S–R№ RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR°. RџS–Rg R№RѕRiRѕ S†RёS‚R°S‚Rё RљRѕR±R·R°SЂSЏ RЅR°S‚RѕRIRї RiSѓS‡RЅRѕ RIRёRiSѓRyeSѓRIR°RI: "RЎR»R°RIR°!". R’RёSЃS‚SѓRїRёR»Rё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RїRѕRЅRµRIRѕR»RµRЅRёS… R RѕSЃS–S”SЋ RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI.

RџR°RIR»Rѕ R—R°R№S†RµRI
RџR°RIR»Rѕ R—R°R№S†RµRI

RњRѕRIRѕR·RЅR°RIRµS†SЊ R“SЂRёRiRѕSЂS–R№ R“RѕR»RѕSЃRyeRµRIRёS‡ RIS–Rg S–RјRµRЅS– RѕSЂRiRyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRёRI S†S–R»S– RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–S—.

R“R°R·RµS‚R° "R SѓSЃSЃRyeR°SЏ R’RѕR»SЏ" R·R°SѓRIR°R¶RёR»R°:

"… S– S‚R°Rј, RgRµ RIS–RЅ RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ RЅRµRiR°R№RЅRµ R·R°RIRµRgRµRЅRЅS” SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S€RyeRѕR»Rё, RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS–, RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ SЃR°R»RgR°S‚Rё, RїRѕRyeSЂRёRIR°SЋS‚SЊ SЃR»RѕRIR° RiSЂRѕRјRѕRј RѕRgRѕR±SЂRµRЅSЊ".

R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRye S– R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚ RџR°RIR»Rѕ RЁR°S‚S–R»RѕRI (Rџ.RЎSѓSЂRѕR¶SЃRyeRёR№) Sѓ RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS†S– RїRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё RјRµRЅS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI "R”RµRЅSЊ" RЅR°RiR°RgR°RI:

"RЇRyeS– RјRѕRiR»Rё R±SѓS‚Rё S‚SѓS‚ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїRё R№ RїSЂRѕRјRѕRIRё, RyeRѕR»Rё SЃRµR№ SЂR°R± R±RѕR¶RёR№ R±SѓRI RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅRµS†SЊ, SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂ?... RgRµSЏRyeS– RgSѓS…RѕRIRЅS– RѕS‚S†S– S†S–R»RyeRѕRј RIS–RgRјRѕRIR»SЏR»RёSЃSЏ RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RїR°RЅR°S…RёRgRё RїRѕ RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeRѕRIRё.

Rђ S‚RµRїRµSЂ SЃSЏ RїR°RЅR°S…RёRgR° R·S–R±SЂR°R»R° RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeRё S‚RёSЃSЏS‡… "RIS–S‡RЅSѓ RїR°RјSЏS‚SЊ" SЃRїS–RIR°R»R° S†S–R»R° RјRЅRѕRiRѕS‚RёSЃSЏS‡RЅR° S‚RѕRIRїR° R№ RIS–SЏR»Rё RyeRѕR»SЊRѕSЂRѕRIS– RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂRё – R¶RѕRIS‚Rѕ-R±R»R°RyeRёS‚RЅS–, R° RЅR° SЃRёS… RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°S… RyeSЂR°SЃSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RЅRµR№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅS– SЃR»RѕRIR°: "RGR°R№ R¶RёRIRµ RIS–R»SЊRЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°"…" [19].

RџRµSЂS€RёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RЎR»RѕRIRѕ "RїR°SЂR°Rg" RїRѕS…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ RIS–Rg S„SЂR°RЅS†SѓR·SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ "parade" S– RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°S” RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚RёR№ RѕRiR»SЏRg RIS–R№SЃSЊRye, R°R»Rµ R№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅRµ, SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRµ RїSЂRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ R»SЋRgRµR№ R· RЅR°RiRѕRgRё SЃRISЏS‚.

RћS‚RѕR¶, SЏRye RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ RїRµSЂS€RёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRёRјRё RISѓR»RёS†SЏRјRё SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–RјRїRµSЂS–S— 12 (25) R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ?

RђT‘R°S‚RѕRЅ R”RѕR±SЂSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ – S…RѕSЂSѓRЅR¶RёR№ RЈRЎRЎ S–R· SЃSЂS–R±RЅRѕSЋ RјRµRgR°R»R»SЋ
RђT‘R°S‚RѕRЅ R”RѕR±SЂSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№, S…RѕSЂSѓRЅR¶RёR№ RЈRЎRЎ S–R· SЃSЂS–R±RЅRѕSЋ RјRµRgR°R»R»SЋ "R—R° S…RѕSЂRѕR±SЂS–SЃS‚SЊ", RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёRI Sѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»RѕRЅ RЅR° R›RёSЃRѕRЅS–, SЃRѕS‚RЅRёRye RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  S– RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»RµS†SЊ RgRёRIS–R·S–S— "R“R°R»RёS‡RёRЅR°"

R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRёRј SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RїRѕS…RѕRgSѓ R±SѓRI RiR°R»RёS‡R°RЅRёRЅ-SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRёRye RђT‘R°S‚RѕRЅ R”RѕR±SЂSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№-"RљRѕSЂRѕR»RµRЅRyeRѕ".

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RїR°RЅR°S…RёRgRё R·R° RўR°SЂR°SЃRѕRј RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeRѕRј RIRёS€RёRyeSѓRIR°RЅR° RyeRѕR»RѕRЅR° SЂSѓS€RёR»R° S‡RµSЂRµR· RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚ RgRѕ RўR°RISЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїR°R»R°S†Sѓ – RјS–SЃS†SЏ, RgRµ S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕ R·R°SЃS–RgR°RI SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚.

R“R°R·RµS‚R° "R SѓSЃSЃRyeR°SЏ R’RѕR»SЏ" RѕRїRёSЃR°R»R°, SЏRye S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ RyeRѕR»RѕRЅR°:

"RџRѕ RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgS– RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeS–RI SѓSЃSЏ RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅR° RјR°SЃR° RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°RЅS‚S–RI, S‰Rѕ RѕSЃSЏRiR°S” 20 000, RЅRµ R·RјS–S€SѓSЋS‡Rё SЃSЏ R· RiR»SЏRgR°S‡R°RјRё, RѕRyeSЂSѓR¶RµRЅR° RјS–S†RЅRёRј R»R°RЅS†SЋRiRѕRј [RјRѕR»RѕRgS–], RїRѕS‡RёRЅR°S” RIR»RёRIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RI RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚.

RќR° RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅRёS… RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°S… RЅR°RїRёSЃRё RЅR° R¶RѕRIS‚Rѕ-R±R»R°RyeRёS‚RЅS–Rј RїRѕR»S–: RGR°R№ R¶RёRIRµ RIS–R»SЊRЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°…. RћSЂRyeRµSЃS‚SЂR° RiSЂR°S” RјR°SЂS€ RGRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ".

RљRµRyeSЃRiRѕR»SЊRјSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S– R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»RyeRё R№RgSѓS‚SЊ RїRѕ RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚Sѓ RI R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRЅSѓ RgSѓRјSѓ, 12 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ. R¤SЂR°RiRјRµRЅS‚ RїRѕS€S‚S–RIRyeRё, RIRёRgR°RЅRѕS— RI TђRµR»SЊSЃS–RЅRyeS– Sѓ 1917 SЂ., R· R°RЅRѕS‚R°S†S–S”SЋ S„S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ S‚R° S€RIRµRgSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIR°RјRё.
RљRµRyeSЃRiRѕR»SЊRјSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S– R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»RyeRё R№RgSѓS‚SЊ RїRѕ RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚Sѓ RI R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRЅSѓ RgSѓRјSѓ, 12 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ. R¤SЂR°RiRјRµRЅS‚ RїRѕS€S‚S–RIRyeRё, RIRёRgR°RЅRѕS— RI RGRµR»SЊSЃS–RЅRyeS– Sѓ 1917 SЂ., R· R°RЅRѕS‚R°S†S–S”SЋ S„S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ S‚R° S€RIRµRgSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIR°RјRё
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeR°SЏ R±S–R±R»S–RѕS‚RµRyeR° R R¤

"RќR°RїRµSЂRµRg RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅS– SЂRѕSЃRїRѕSЂSЏRgS‡RёRyeRё – R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R›RѕS‚RѕS†SЊRyeRёR№ – RIRyeR°R·SѓSЋS‚SЊ S‡RµSЂRiSѓ R№ RЅR°RїSЂSЏRј RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… RIS–RgRgS–R»S–RI.

R† S‚RµRїRµSЂ, RЅR°S‡Rµ R¶RёRIR°, SЃS‚RѕS—S‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµRg RјRѕS—RјRё RѕS‡RёRјR° RЅR° RїS–RgRIRёS‰RµRЅRЅSЋ S†RµSЂRyeRѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕSЂS‚RёRyeSѓ SЃS‚SЂSѓRЅRyeR° RїRѕSЃS‚R°S‚SЊ RјRѕR»RѕRgRѕRiRѕ SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёRЅRё RџRµS‚SЂR° RљSЂR°RјR°SЂRµRЅRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RgR·RIS–RЅRyeRёRј RiRѕR»RѕSЃRѕRј S‚R° SЂS–S€SѓS‡RёRјRё SЂSѓS…R°RјRё RѕRgRgR°S” RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓ".

R“R°R·RµS‚R° "R SѓSЃSЃRyeR°SЏ R’RѕR»SЏ" S–R· R·R°S…RѕRїR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡R°S”: "RўRѕRIRїR° RїRѕSЂSѓS€R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ RI RЅRµR±SѓRIR°R»S–Rј RgR»SЏ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–S— RїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeSѓ, R·R°R»RёRIS€Rё RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RџSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚ RIS–Rg RЎR°RgRѕRIRѕS— RgRѕ R›S–S‚RµR№RЅRѕRiRѕ. RўSЂS–SЃRyeRѕS‚S–R»Rё S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S‡RЅS– R°RїR°SЂR°S‚Rё RyeS–RЅRµRјR°S‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–SЃS‚S–RI. RќR° RgR°S…R°S…, Sѓ RIS–RyeRЅR°S… S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„Rё.

RџSЂRё SЃRїS–RIS– "R—R°RїRѕRIS–S‚Sѓ" RISЃS– R·RgS–R№RјR°SЋS‚SЊ S€R°RїRyeRё. RџSѓR±R»RёRyeR° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶. RќRµR·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅR° SЃS‚SЂSѓRЅRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–S— S‚R° RyeSЂR°SЃR° RIRёRgRѕRIRёS‰R° RѕS‡RµRIRёRgRЅRѕ RgRёRISѓSЋS‚SЊ RїSѓR±R»RёRyeSѓ".

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRё – R·S– R·R±SЂRѕS”SЋ – SЂSѓS…R°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRёRј RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚RѕRј RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgR°, 12 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRё – R·S– R·R±SЂRѕS”SЋ – SЂSѓS…R°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRёRј RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚RѕRј RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgR°, 12 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

R“R°R·RµS‚R° "R S”S‡SЊ" S‚R°Rye RѕRїRёSЃSѓS” RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRё:

"RњR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°RЅS‚Rё SЃRїS–RIR°R»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RїS–SЃRЅS–, SЃSѓRјRЅS–, S‚SЏRiSѓS‡S–. RћSЂRyeRµSЃS‚SЂRё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕS— RјSѓR·RёRyeRё RiSЂR°R»Rё RїRѕRїSѓSЂS– R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїS–SЃRµRЅSЊ. R RѕR·RЅRѕSЃRёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅRµRIRјRѕRIRyeR°SЋS‡S– RѕRyeR»RёRyeRё "SѓSЂR°".

R‘R°RiR°S‚RѕS‚RёSЃSЏS‡RЅR° S‚RѕRIRїR° SѓRIS–R№S€R»R° RЅR° RїRѕRgRIS–SЂS” RўR°RISЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїR°R»R°S‚Rё R№ S‚SѓS‚ SѓSЃS‚R°RIRёR»R°SЃSЏ S€RµSЂRµRiR°RјRё. RџSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRye RIRёRyeRѕRЅR°RIS‡RѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ R R°RgRё SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RёS… S– SЃR°R»RgR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚S–RI [RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RЎRѕRyeRѕR»RѕRI] RїSЂRёRIS–S‚R°RI RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°RЅS‚S–RI S–RјRµRЅRµRј R R°RgRё".

 R†RIR°RЅ RљRѕSЃRµS†SЊ – Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S– SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye RiRµRЅS€S‚R°R±Sѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S—
R†RIR°RЅ RљRѕSЃRµS†SЊ – Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S– SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye R“RµRЅS€S‚R°R±Sѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S—

RњR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅS–R№ SЃRѕS‚RЅRёRye RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR  R†RIR°RЅ RљRѕSЃRµS†SЊ S‚R°Rye RїRµSЂRµRgR°RI SЃRIRѕS” RISЂR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RIS–Rg SѓS‡R°SЃS‚S– RI RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–S—:

"RЎRµSЂS†Rµ RјRѕS” SЂR°RgSѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЊ, RyeRѕR»Rё SЏ RiR»SЏRЅSѓRI RЅR° RїRµSЂRµRgRЅS– SЂSЏRgRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°, S‰Rѕ SЃS‚SЂSѓRЅRyeRѕ RјR°SЂS€SѓRIR°R»Rѕ R·S– R·R±SЂRѕS”SЋ. R¦Rµ R¶ R±SѓR»Rё RiRIR°SЂRgS–R№SЃSЊRyeS– S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё S‚R° RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅS– RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIS– SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ, SЏRyeS– S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ SЂR°S…SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ SЏRye R“RIR°SЂRgS–R№S†S–"[20].

RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїRѕS…RѕRgSѓ SѓRIRµSЃSЊ RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚ R±SѓRI RIRyeSЂRёS‚RёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё, R° RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgSѓ – RЅRµSЃR»Rё RIRµR»RёRyeRёR№ RїRѕSЂS‚SЂRµS‚ RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR°.

RџRµSЂS€RёRјRё S—S…R°R»Rё RIRµSЂS…Rё RyeSѓR±R°RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR·R°RyeRё, RїRѕS‚S–Rј S–S€R»Rё SЃRѕS‚RЅS– (SЂRѕS‚Rё) RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅ RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– R· RѕS„S–S†RµSЂR°RјRё-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRјRё. RGRѕSЂRё S‚R° RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIS– RѕSЂRyeRµSЃS‚SЂRё R№S€R»Rё RI RїRµSЂRµSЂRIR°S… RјS–R¶ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°RЅS‚R°RјRё.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRё RїS–Rg SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚RёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё RЅR° RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚S–
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRё RїS–Rg SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚RёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё RЅR° RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚S–

RўRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° SЃS‚RёS…S–SЏ SЂRѕR·S–R№S€R»R°SЃSЊ S‚R°Rye, S‰Rѕ S–R· R—RёRјRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RїR°R»R°S†Sѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·RgRµSЂS‚Rѕ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂ S– RїSЂRёR»SЋRgRЅRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕS‚RѕRїS‚R°RЅRѕ.

"RЎRµSЂRµRg RЅRµRїSЂRѕRiR»SЏRgRЅRѕS— RјR°SЃRё RiR»SЏRgR°S‡S–RI" RyeRѕR»RѕRЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… RїS–S€R»R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RgRѕ RџSЂRµRѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЎRѕR±RѕSЂSѓ. R©RѕR± R·R°R±SЂR°S‚Rё R·RIS–RgS‚S–R»SЏ "R·R°RiR°SЂR±R°RЅS– RњRѕSЃRyeR°R»SЏRјRё S”S‰Rµ RїRѕ RџRѕR»S‚R°RIS–" RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅS– RyeR»RµR№RЅRѕRgRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, SЏRyeS– Sѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ SЃRѕR±RѕSЂS– R·R±RµSЂS–RiR°R»RёSЃSЊ [21].

 

R‘SЂRёS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RyeS–RЅRѕS…SЂRѕRЅS–RyeR°, RgRµ SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚SЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRё RјR°SЂS€RёSЂSѓSЋS‚SЊ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgRѕRј RI R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– 1917 SЂ. "R’ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R·R°R»RѕR·S– RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕ R·RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RIS–R№SЃSЊRye RЅR°SЂR°S…RѕRISѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RgRѕ 60-S‚Rё S‚RёSЃSЏS‡. RќR°R№RјRµRЅS€Rµ RѕRgRёRЅ RїRѕR»Rye RI RyeRѕR¶RЅS–R№ T‘RIR°SЂRgRµR№SЃSЊRyeS–R№ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅS–, R° S‚Rѕ R№ RgRIR°, R±SѓR»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё, SЏRyeRёRјRё RyeRµSЂSѓRIR°R»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIR° R R°RgR° RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R·R°R»RѕRiRё" (R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RљRµRgSЂRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№)

RљSѓR±R°RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR·R°RyeRё – RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– RїR°SЂR°RgSѓ, RїRѕRЅRµRIRѕR»RµRЅS– R RѕSЃS–S”SЋ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRё – RI RyeRѕR»RѕRЅR°S…

"R”SѓR¶Rµ RїRѕRyeR°R·RѕRIRёRј S” S‚RѕR№ S„R°RyeS‚, – RїRёSЃR°RI R”RјRёS‚SЂRѕ R”RѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅRyeRѕ – S‰Rѕ RyeRѕR»Rё 12(25) R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ RџRµS‚RµSЂR±SѓSЂR·S– RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЏ RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ 25 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, S‚Rѕ RѕS‡RѕR»RёR»Rё S—S— RyeSѓR±R°RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR·R°RyeRё RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S†R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅRIRѕSЋ, SЏRyeS– S—S…R°R»Rё RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgSѓ RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅRѕS— RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRё R· R·R°RїRѕSЂS–R·SЊRyeRёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё S– RyeR»RµR№RЅRѕRgR°RјRё" [22].

R‘SѓRIS€RёR№ RyeRѕRЅRIRѕR№ R±SѓRIS€RѕRiRѕ S†R°SЂSЏ RїSЂRёR±SѓRI Sѓ RїRѕRIRЅRѕRјSѓ SЃRyeR»R°RgS– "R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј SЃS–S‡RѕRIRёRј RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂRѕRј S– R·R°RїRѕSЂRѕR·SЊRyeRёRјRё R±SѓRЅS‡SѓRyeR°RјRё" – S†Rµ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕ RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёR»R° RiR°R·RµS‚R° "R S”S‡SЊ" Sѓ SЃRIRѕS”RјSѓ SЂRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°R¶S–. RљRѕRЅRIRѕR№ RЅR°S‰R°RgRyeS–RI R·R°RїRѕSЂRѕR¶S†S–RI "RјR°R»SЊRѕRIRЅRёS‡Rѕ RIRёR·RЅR°S‡R°RISЃSЏ", S—S…R°RI RIRµSЂS…Rё RЅR° RyeRѕRЅSЏS… S– "SЃRyeR»R°RgR°RISЃSЏ R· RyeSѓR±R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI Sѓ SЃS‚R°SЂS–R№ RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeS–R№ SѓRЅS–S„RѕSЂRјS–".

RљSѓR±R°RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR·R°RyeRё, RIRµSЂS…Rё, RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕR»RѕRЅ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– 12 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917 SЂ. RџRѕR·R°RgSѓ RyeSѓR±R°RЅS†S–RI RiRIR°SЂRgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»Rye S–R· RѕSЂRyeRµSЃS‚SЂRѕRј S‚R° SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚RёRј S‚SЂR°RЅSЃRїR°SЂR°RЅS‚RѕRј R· RЅR°RїRёSЃRѕRј
RљSѓR±R°RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR·R°RyeRё, RIRµSЂS…Rё, RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕR»RѕRЅ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– 12 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RџRѕR·R°RgSѓ RyeSѓR±R°RЅS†S–RI RiRIR°SЂRgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»Rye S–R· RѕSЂRyeRµSЃS‚SЂRѕRј S‚R° SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚RёRј S‚SЂR°RЅSЃRїR°SЂR°RЅS‚RѕRј R· RЅR°RїRёSЃRѕRј "RGR°R№ R¶RёRIRµ RIS–R»SЊRЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°"

R“R°R·RµS‚R° "R S”S‡SЊ" S‚RµR¶ RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡R°S” RyeSѓR±R°RЅS†S–RI, SЏRye S‡RѕR»Rѕ RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRё:

"RќR° RїRµSЂRµRgS– S—S…R°RI R±SѓRIS€RёR№ RyeRѕRЅRIRѕR№ R±SѓRIS€RѕRiRѕ S†R°SЂSЏ R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј SЃS–S‡RѕRIRёRј RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂRѕRј S– R·R°RїRѕSЂRѕR·SЊRyeRёRјRё R±SѓRЅS‡SѓRyeR°RјRё.

RџRѕS‚S–Rј S–S€R»Rё RyeRѕRјRїR°RЅS–SЏRјRё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIS– S‡R°SЃS‚Rё RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– R· RѕS„S–S†RµSЂR°RјRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRјRё.

R—R° RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRј S–S€R»Rё SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚Rё RIRёS‰RёS… S€RyeS–R», RyeSѓSЂSЃRёSЃS‚RyeRё R№ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ. RќR° S†S–R»S–R№ RgRѕSЂRѕR·S– RїRѕS…RѕRgSѓ R±SѓRI RIR·S–SЂS†RµRIRёR№ RїRѕSЂSЏRgRѕRye".

RљRѕR»RѕRЅR° RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– S–R· RyeSѓR±R°RЅS†SЏRјRё RїS–Rg SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚RёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё
RљRѕR»RѕRЅR° RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– S–R· RyeSѓR±R°RЅS†SЏRјRё RїS–Rg SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚RёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeR° RiR°R·RµS‚R°, R±RµSЂRµR·RµRЅSЊ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

RџRѕSЏRIR° RyeSѓR±R°RЅS†S–RI R±SѓR»R° RЅRµ RIRёRїR°RgRyeRѕRIRѕSЋ. R†R· RЅRёRјRё S‰Rµ RgRѕ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S–.

RђT‘R°S‚RѕRЅ R”RѕR±SЂSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕRїRёSЃSѓS” RI SЃRIRѕS—S… SЃRїRѕRiR°RgR°S… RIR»R°SЃRЅSѓ R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡, RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅSѓ R№RѕRјSѓ R„RIRiRµRЅRѕRј RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡RµRј RI R—RёRјRѕRIRѕRјSѓ RїR°R»R°S†S– S‰Rµ RgRѕ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—:

"…RїS–RgRIS–RI RјRµRЅRµ RgRѕ RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI-T‘RIR°SЂRgS–R№S†S–RI, S‰Rѕ RIR°SЂS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё RI RїR°R»R°S‚S–, R№ RїRѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёRI RјRµRЅRµ R· RЅRёRјRё… RџS–S€R»R° SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIR° RїSЂRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ.

RќRµ S‚SЏR¶RyeRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S‚Rё RјRµRЅS–, S‰Rѕ RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡, SЏRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕRIR°RgRёRI S‚RѕRgS– R¶RёRISѓ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅSѓ R°RiS–S‚R°S†S–SЋ SЃRµSЂRµRg RIRѕSЏS†S‚RIR° RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS–, R° R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR° SЃRµSЂRµRg RiRIR°SЂRgS–R№S†S–RI, RїRѕRїR°RI RЅR° RiSЂSѓRЅS‚, RgRµ R№RѕRiRѕ R·RµSЂRЅRѕ RїSѓSЃRyeR°R»Rѕ RЅRµ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RiR»RёR±RѕRyeRµ RyeRѕSЂS–RЅRЅSЏ R° R№ RїRёS€RЅS– RyeRIS–S‚Rё".

RџRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RI RiR°R·RµS‚S–
RџRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RI RiR°R·RµS‚S– "RќR°S€Rµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ" R·R° 29 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂSѓS… SЃRµSЂRµRg RyeSѓR±R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕR·R°RyeS–RI. RќRёR¶S‡Rµ – RїSЂRѕ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ RIRёS€RyeS–R» R„RIRiRµRЅR° RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡R° R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†SЏRјRё RiSЂRµRЅR°RgRµSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RyeSѓ

RЈS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RI RїR°RЅR°S…RёRgS– S– RїR°SЂR°RgS– RIR·SЏR»Rё S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ S– RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS… RїRѕRЅRµRIRѕR»RµRЅRёS… RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI R RѕSЃS–S—.

R¦Rµ R±SѓRI RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёR№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ S…S–Rg RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂS–RI. R‘Rѕ S–R· 150 000 RiR°SЂRЅS–R·RѕRЅSѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– SЂRѕSЃS–SЏRЅRё S‚RIRѕSЂRёR»Rё 2/5. RђR»Rµ "S–RЅRѕSЂRѕRgS†S–" RЅR°R»S–S‡SѓRIR°R»Rё 3/5 R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ.

RћS‚R¶Rµ, SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI-RЅRµSЂRѕSЃS–SЏRЅ RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–S— SЃRїSЂRёSЏR»R° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕRјSѓ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅSЋ RISЃS–S”S— R°RyeS†S–S—.

RџS–Rg RљR°R·R°RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј SЃRѕR±RѕSЂRѕRј SЃR»RѕRIRѕ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°R»Rё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS–, R»RёS‚RѕRIS†S–RI, RµSЃS‚RѕRЅS†S–RI S‚R° S„S–RЅS–RI.

"R“R°SЂRЅRѕ R№ RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕ, R· RїS–RgRЅRµSЃRµRЅRЅS”Rј RIRёRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅSѓ RїSЂRѕRјRѕRISѓ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeR° R¤S–RЅR»SЏRЅRgS†S–RI RїSЂRѕS„. [RљR°SЂR»R°] RўS–R°RЅRgRµSЂR° RїSЂRёRIRёS‚R°R»Rё RѕRyeR»RёRyeR°RјRё RI S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ R¤S–RЅR»SЏRЅRgS–S—" – RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёR»R° RiR°R·RµS‚R° "R SѓSЃSЃRyeR°SЏ R’RѕR»SЏ".

RќR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ, RїS–SЃR»SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–S— RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЊ RµSЃS‚RѕRЅSЃSЊRyeR°. RЎRyeRѕSЂS–S€ R·R° RISЃRµ S‰Rѕ S†S– RµSЃS‚RѕRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIRѕSЏRyeRё S–R· S†RёRј R¶Rµ S‚SЂR°RЅSЃRїR°SЂR°RЅS‚RѕRј RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rё RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–S—
RќR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ, RїS–SЃR»SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–S— RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЊ RµSЃS‚RѕRЅSЃSЊRyeR°. RЎRyeRѕSЂS–S€ R·R° RISЃRµ, S‰Rѕ S†S– RµSЃS‚RѕRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIRѕSЏRyeRё S–R· S†RёRј R¶Rµ S‚SЂR°RЅSЃRїR°SЂR°RЅS‚RѕRј RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rё RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–S—

RўRѕRјSѓ RЅRµ RgRёRIRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RI RyeRѕR»RѕRЅR°S… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI – R·S– SЃRIRѕS—RјRё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё – RIRёS€R»Rё S„S–RЅRё, RїRѕR»SЏRyeRё, RµSЃS‚RѕRЅS†S–, R»R°S‚RёS€S– S‚R° S–RЅ.

R RѕSЃS–SЏRЅRёRЅ RџR°RIR»Rѕ RЁR°S‚S–R»RѕRI RI RiR°R·RµS‚S– "R”RµRЅSЊ" RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёRI:

"RџRѕRјRёRЅRyeRё RIRµR»RёRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRµS‚R° RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»RёSЃSЏ RI SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚RёR№ RIRёSЃS‚SѓRї RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI, S‰Rѕ SЃRyeRёRЅSѓR»Rё S‚SЏR¶RyeS– RyeR°R№RgR°RЅRё S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»S–R·RјSѓ".

R“R°R·RµS‚R° "R SѓSЃSЃRyeR°SЏ R’RѕR»SЏ" R°RЅR°R»S–R·SѓSЋS‡Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЋ 12(25) R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS–, RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚R°S‚SѓRIR°R»R° S„S–R°SЃRyeRѕ S†R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё:

"RўRёSЃSЏS‡S– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI S‚R° SЃR°R»RgR°S‚S–RI, SЏRyeS– RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё R·R°SЏRIRёS‚Rё SЃRIRѕS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS– R¶R°RgR°RЅRЅSЏ, S” RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЋ RiR°RЅRµR±RЅRёRј S–RgRµRѕR»SЊRѕT‘R°Rј R·SЂSѓR№RЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ SЃR°RјRѕRgRµSЂR¶R°RISЏ, S‰Rѕ SѓRIR°R¶R°R»Rё R RѕSЃS–SЋ RјS–S†RЅRѕSЋ R»RёS€Rµ RїSЂRё SѓRјRѕRIS– S†S–R»RyeRѕRIRёS‚RѕRiRѕ R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅRЅSЏ RISЃS–S… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёS… SЂS–R¶RЅRёS†SЊ S– RјR°R»Rѕ RЅRµ R·RЅRёS‰RёR»Rё S—S— S†S–R»RyeRѕRј".

RђSЂRјS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg, SЏRyeRёR№ RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ 19 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ (1 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ) 1917 RЅR° R”RIS–SЂS†RµRIRёR№ RїR»RѕS‰S–. RџR°SЂR°Rg RїSЂRёR№RјR°RI R›R°RISЂ RљRѕSЂRЅS–R»RѕRI. RЎRµSЂRµRg S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёS… RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂS–RI RјR°R№RѕSЂS–R»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚S– SЃS‚SЏRiRё
RђSЂRјS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg, SЏRyeRёR№ RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ 19 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ (1 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ) 1917-RiRѕ RЅR° R”RIRѕSЂS†RѕRIS–R№ RїR»RѕS‰S–. RџR°SЂR°Rg RїSЂRёR№RјR°RI R›R°RISЂ RљRѕSЂRЅS–R»RѕRI. RЎRµSЂRµRg S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёS… RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂS–RI RјR°R№RѕSЂS–R»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚S– SЃS‚SЏRiRё
RђRIS‚RѕSЂ S„RѕS‚Rѕ: RЇRyeS–RI RЁS‚RµR№RЅR±RµSЂRi

RџRѕS‚SЂRµR±SѓS” RgRѕRgR°S‚RyeRѕRIRѕS— RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂRyeRё RѕRgRёRЅ S†S–RyeR°RIRёR№ S„R°RyeS‚ S‡Rё, RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕ, SЃRїRѕSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°S‡RµRј S†S–S”S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–S— (R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°, RIRёR»R°R·RyeRё "R·R° RyeR»RµR№RЅRѕRgR°RјRё") R±SѓRI S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ S– RѕRgRёRЅ R±R°R»S‚S–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊ.

RЈ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ – RIRїR»RёRIRѕRIRёR№ RgS–SЏS‡ RiS–S‚R»RµSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂRµR¶RёRјSѓ, SЏRyeRёR№ R·R°R№RјR°RISЃSЏ S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏRј RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚S–RI RЅR° RЎS…RѕRgS– R„RISЂRѕRїRё – RђR»SЊS„SЂRµRg R RѕR·RµRЅR±RµSЂRi.

R§RµSЂRµR· 20 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RIS–RЅ, RЅR°S‡RµR±S‚Rѕ, R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI, S‰Rѕ "RїSЂRёRiR»SЏRgR°RISЃSЏ SЃRµSЂRµRg S‚RѕRIRїRё S‚RѕRјSѓ RїRѕS…RѕRgRѕRIRё S‚R°R№ S–RЅS‚RµSЂRµSЃSѓRIR°RISЃSЏ, RyeSѓRgRё S‚RѕR№ RїRѕS…S–Rg SЂSѓS€R°S”".

R®RЅRyeRµSЂRё RџR°RIR»S–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓS‡RёR»RёS‰R° RЅR° RїR°SЂR°Rg S–R· SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚RЅRёRј S‚SЂR°RЅSЃRїR°SЂR°RЅS‚RѕRј RїS–Rg RiR°SЃR»RѕRј
R®RЅRyeRµSЂRё RџR°RIR»S–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓS‡RёR»RёS‰R° RЅR° RїR°SЂR°Rg S–R· SЃRёRЅSЊRѕ-R¶RѕRIS‚RЅRёRј S‚SЂR°RЅSЃRїR°SЂR°RЅS‚RѕRј RїS–Rg RiR°SЃR»RѕRј "R—RiRёRЅSѓS‚SЊ RЅR°S€S– RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RµRЅSЊRyeRё"
R¤RѕS‚Rѕ "RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЊRyeRѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё" S‡. 70 R·R° R±RµSЂRµR·RµRЅSЊ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

R©Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RgR°R»S–?

R‘SѓR»R° RIR°R¶R»RёRIR° S‚RµR·R° S–R· RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS†S– RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "R S”S‡SЊ" R·R° 16(29) R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ:

"R‘R»RёSЃRyeSѓS‡Rµ RїRµSЂRµRIRµRgRµRЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– 12 RјR°SЂS‚R° R·RIRµSЂRЅSѓR»R° RЅR° SЃRµR±Rµ SѓRIR°RiSѓ S€RёSЂRѕRyeRёS… RIRµSЂSЃS‚RI RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅS” S” S‚RµRїRµSЂ RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RЅR°R№RIR°R¶RЅS–R№S€RёS… RїRёS‚R°RЅSЊ, S‰Rѕ SЃS‚RѕSЏS‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµRg SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–S”SЋ".

 

"RџRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ R·R° RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёRј RљRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚RѕRј RЈRЎR”R Rџ, S‰Rѕ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°RI RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЋ, R№S€R»R° RїRѕRЅR°Rg 40.000-RЅR° R°SЂRјS–SЏ SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RIRёRgS–RI R·R±SЂRѕS— RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS… S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅ R· SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI S‚R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI SЂS–R·RЅRёS… R·R°RIRѕRgS–RI" (RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RђRIRgS–S”RЅRyeRѕ)

RџRµSЂS€RѕS‚SЂR°RIRЅRµRISѓ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЋ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ – R’R°SЃRёR»RµRѕSЃS‚SЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ – SЂR°R№RѕRЅS– RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– (RїSЂR°RIRgR°, RїS–Rg S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё).

RЈS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RI RЅS–R№ RIR·SЏR»Rё RЎRµRјRµRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№, R„RiRµSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№, R†R·RјR°R№R»S–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№, RџSЂRµRѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° R¤S–RЅR»SЏRЅRgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕR»RyeRё.

RGRѕSЂ SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI RїSѓS‚RёR»S–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R·R°RIRѕRgSѓ SЃRїS–RIR°RI "R—R°RїRѕRIS–S‚" S– "RњRё RiR°R№RgR°RјR°RyeRё".

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR»RѕRЅRё RїSЂRѕR№S€R»RёSЃSЊ, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°, S– RќRµRISЃSЊRyeRёRј RїSЂRѕSЃRїRµRyeS‚RѕRј.

Rђ RЅR° R”RIRѕSЂS†RѕRIS–R№ RїRѕR»RѕS‰S–, RyeSѓRgRё RїS–RgS‚SЏRiRЅSѓR»RёSЃSЊ R№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–-RiSЂRµRЅR°RgRµSЂRё R· RјSѓR·RёRyeRѕSЋ, RїSЂRѕRIRµR»Rё RјS–S‚RёRЅRi [23].



R¦SЋ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЋ RiRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»R° RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ RЈRЎR”R Rџ, R°R»Rµ S– RўRѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIRѕ S–Rј. RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR° RџR°RIR»R° RџRѕR»SѓR±RѕS‚RyeR° RїS–Rg RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRѕRј RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё RњS–S…RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ:

"…SѓRїSЂR°RIR° RўRѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIR° RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»R° RIRёSЃR»R°S‚Rё SЃRIRѕS—S… S‡R»RµRЅS–RI RgRѕ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSѓ R№ RњRѕSЃRyeRIRё, S‰RѕR± RIRѕRЅRё RїS–RgRiRѕS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё S‚R°Rј SЏRyeRЅR°R№S–RјRїRѕR·R°RЅS‚RЅS–S€Rµ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–R№ 1-RiRѕ S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ, S‰Rѕ RјR°R»Rё SЃRёRјRIRѕR»S–R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRёR№ SЂRѕR·SЂRёRI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё R· R RѕSЃS–S”SЋ S‚R° RїS–RgRyeSЂRµSЃR»RёS‚Rё RїRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye RЅRѕRIRѕS— RgRѕR±Rё RI RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS–Rј R¶RёS‚S‚S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё" [24].

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RјS–S‚RёRЅRi RЅR° R”RIS–SЂS†RµRIS–R№ RїR»RѕS‰S– RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– 1 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RјS–S‚RёRЅRi RЅR° R”RIRѕSЂS†RѕRIS–R№ RїR»RѕS‰S– RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– 1 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ
R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeR° R±S–R±R»S–RѕS‚RµRyeR° R R¤

25 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RЅRѕRIR° RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ R·S–R±SЂR°R»R° RIR¶Rµ 80-100 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI – S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RISЃSЋ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSѓ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgR°.

RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgRёR»R°SЃSЊ RIRѕRЅR° RЅR° RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeSѓ R† RЈRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃR°R»Sѓ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё RїS–Rg R¶RѕRIS‚Rѕ-R±R»R°RyeRёS‚RЅRёRјRё S– S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё.

RњRѕRiSѓS‚RЅS” "R©Rµ RЅRµ RIRјRµSЂR»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°" SЂRѕR·R»SЏRiRѕSЃSЊ RїRѕ RISЃSЊRѕRјSѓ RњR°SЂSЃRѕRIRѕRјSѓ RїRѕR»SЋ [25].

"RџRѕ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅS– SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚RѕSЃS‚RµR№ RЅR° RњR°SЂSЃRѕRIS–Rј RїRѕR»S–, – R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI R†RIR°RЅ RљRѕSЃRµS†SЊ – RISЃS– RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS– RI RїRѕRIRЅRѕRјSѓ RїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeSѓ RїS–S€R»Rё RgRѕ R±SѓRgRёRЅRyeSѓ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚RµSЂSЃS‚RIR°, RgRµ RI S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓRIR°RI RїSЂRµRјS”SЂ S– RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°S‡ RљRµSЂRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№, R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RgRµR»RµRiR°S†S–SЏ RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– R· R’RёRЅRЅRёS‡RµRЅRyeRѕRј S‡RµRyeR°R»R° RЅR° RїSЂRёR№RѕRј R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ S‚RёR¶RЅSЏ ….

[RјRё] R·S‡RёRЅRёR»Rё RyeSЂRёRye, S‰Rѕ R°R¶ RIS–RyeRЅR° R·R°RgR·RIRµRЅS–R»Rё: "R”R°RIR°R№ SЃSЋRgRё RљRµSЂRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, R° S‚Rѕ R·R°RIR°R»RёRјRѕ R±SѓRgRёRЅRѕRye!"… R”RµR»RµRiR°S†S–SЏ R±SѓR»R° RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚R° R№ RјRё SЂRѕR·S–R№S€R»RёSЃSЏ".

R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ RџR°RgR°R»RyeR°, RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂR°RgSѓ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– 25 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, SЃRѕS‚RЅRёRye RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR , RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S–R· R·R°RiRѕRЅS–RI R”SЂSѓRiRѕRiRѕ R·RёRјRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgSѓ, RѕRgRёRЅ R· RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂS–RI RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ RћRЈRќ RI SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– Sѓ 1930-S… SЂ.
R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ RџR°RgR°R»RyeR°, RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂR°RgSѓ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– 25 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, SЃRѕS‚RЅRёRye RђSЂRјS–S— RЈRќR , RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S–R· R·R°RiRѕRЅS–RI R”SЂSѓRiRѕRiRѕ R·RёRјRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgSѓ, RѕRgRёRЅ R· RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂS–RI RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ RћRЈRќ RI SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– Sѓ 1930-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI

R¦SЋ "RiSЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅSѓ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRISѓ RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЋ, R±RµR· R·R±SЂRѕS—" R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI S– RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R–SѓRye. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓR»SЊS‚RёRјR°S‚SѓRј RIRёRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRѕ RѕRgSЂR°R·Sѓ R¶ – SѓSЂSЏRg RЅR°RgS–SЃR»R°RI SЃRIRѕS—S… RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂS–RI (RљRµSЂRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RўRµSЂRµS‰RµRЅRyeR° S– R¦RµSЂRµS‚RµR»S–) RgR»SЏ RїRµSЂRµRiRѕRIRѕSЂS–RI R· RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeR°RјRё R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё.

Rђ R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR° RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»-RјR°R№RѕSЂ R“SЂRёRiRѕSЂS–R№ RЇRyeSѓR±RѕRIRёS‡ — RїRѕRiRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ RЅR° S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅ, RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIRёRgS–R»RµRЅRЅSЏ S—S… R· R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RјR°SЃRё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°.

RљRѕRјS–SЃS–SЏ R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— R¶RѕRIS‚RЅRµRIRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— S– R RљRџ(R±) S‚RµR¶ R·R°S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°R»R° S†SЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅSѓ RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЋ, RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡RёRIS€Rё, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR° S‰Rѕ RїRµSЂS€RёRјRё RI RyeRѕR»RѕRЅR°S… R№S€R»Rё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIS–:

"RЎRѕR»RgR°S‚S‹ S€R»Rё SЃ RѕSЂRyeRµSЃS‚SЂR°RјRё RјSѓR·S‹RyeRё Rё SЃ RЅR°S†RёRѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS‹RјRё R·RЅR°RјRµRЅR°RјRё SЃ RЅR°RgRїRёSЃSЏRјRё RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°RёRЅSЃRyeRѕRј SЏR·S‹RyeRµ. R—R° RIRѕRёRЅSЃRyeRёRјRё S‡R°SЃS‚SЏRјRё S€R»Rё, SЃ S…RѕSЂRѕRј RIRѕ RiR»R°RIRµ, SѓRyeSЂR°RёRЅS†S‹ RЅRµRIRѕRµRЅRЅS‹Rµ" [26].

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЏ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– 25 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R—R±RµSЂRµRiR»R°SЃSЊ RyeS–RЅRѕS…SЂRѕRЅS–RyeR° S–R· S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂR°RgSѓ, RѕRyeSЂRµRјS– SЃS‚RѕRї-RyeR°RgSЂRё RјRѕR¶RЅR° RїRѕRgRёRIRёS‚RёSЃSЊ Sѓ R’S–SЂS‚SѓR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RјSѓR·RµS— RЈRќR 
RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЏ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– 25 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R—R±RµSЂRµRiR»R°SЃSЊ RyeS–RЅRѕS…SЂRѕRЅS–RyeR° S–R· S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂR°RgSѓ, RѕRyeSЂRµRјS– SЃS‚RѕRї-RyeR°RgSЂRё RјRѕR¶RЅR° RїRѕRgRёRIRёS‚RёSЃSЊ Sѓ R’S–SЂS‚SѓR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RјSѓR·RµS— RЈRќR 

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R–SѓRye R·RiRѕRgRѕRј R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI:

"R”RµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ SЂRѕR·S‚SЏRiR»R°SЃSЏ RЅR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RyeS–R»RѕRјRµS‚SЂS–RI, RѕR·RgRѕR±R»RµRЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёRјRё RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂR°RјRё, RiR°SЃR»R°RјRё, R·RЅR°RјRµRЅR°RјRё, RyeRIS–S‚R°RјRё, RIS–RЅRyeR°RјRё, RїRѕSЂS‚SЂRµS‚R°RјRё" .

RќR°SЃR°RјRyeS–RЅRµS†SЊ RїRµSЂRµRg RўR°RISЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RїR°R»R°S†RѕRј (RgRµR»RµRiR°S†S–S”SЋ R· RљRёS”RIR°) SѓRIRµSЃSЊ RїRѕS…S–Rg "RїSЂRѕRgRµS„S–R»SЋRIR°RI RI S–RgRµR°R»SЊRЅS–Rј RїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeSѓ" S– R· RyeR»RёS‡R°RјRё: "RGR°R№ R¶RёRIRµ RЈR“R’Rљ", S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚.

26 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– RIS–Rg SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeSѓR»SЊ R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rё "R±RѕRiRgR°RЅS–RIS†S–", SЏRyeS– RIRёSЂSѓS€R°R»Rё RЅR° S„SЂRѕRЅS‚.

R R°RgR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»R° 6 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ RїRѕRјRёRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ R·R°RiRёR±R»RёS….

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RIS–RgRѕR·RIRё RI R†SЃR°R°RyeS–S”RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RљR°S‚RµRgSЂS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»RµRЅRѕ RїR°SЂR°SЃS‚R°SЃ, R° RIS–RgS‚R°Rye "S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R·S–R№S€R»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° RyeRѕR»RѕSЃR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RјR°R№RgR°RЅS– RїRµSЂRµRg RљR°S‚RµRgSЂRѕSЋ, RgRµ SЂRѕR·RgR°RIR°R»Rё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS– RIS–RgR·RЅR°RyeRё RI R·R°RјS–RЅSѓ RЅR° RїRѕR¶RµSЂS‚RIRё RgR»SЏ SЂRѕRgRёRЅ R·R°R±RёS‚RёS…".

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅS– S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSѓ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°R»Rё RgR»SЏ SЃRIRѕS”S— R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё R· RўRёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIRёRј SѓSЂSЏRgRѕRј.

Rђ RїRѕS‚S–Rј – SЏRye R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RђRIRgS–S”RЅRyeRѕ – "RIRѕRЅRё RIS–RgRѕRiSЂR°R»Rё R·RЅR°S‡RЅSѓ SЂRѕR»SЋ RI R–RѕRIS‚RЅRµRIS–Rј RїRµSЂRµRIRѕSЂRѕS‚S– RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS–", RIS–RgS‚R°Rye "R·R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRѕSЋ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, R· RїRѕRIRЅRѕSЋ R±RѕR№RѕRIRѕSЋ R°RјSѓRЅS–S†S–S”SЋ [S—S…] RIS–RgRїSЂR°RIR»RµRЅRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ".



RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° RїRѕR±RѕSЏRISЃSЏ RїSЂRёR№RјR°S‚Rё, R° RIRѕRЅRё "RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°S‚Rё R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅSѓ R R°RgSѓ S– RIRёSЃS‚SѓRїRёR»Rё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЅRµS—".

RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRISѓRIR°RI S—S… RЅR° RїRµSЂRµS—R·Rg RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRёR№ S€S‚R°R±. RЁS‚R°R± RѕS‡RѕR»SЋRIR°RI RњRёRyeRѕR»R° R‘R°R№R·RgSЂRµRЅRyeRѕ, SЏRyeRёR№ Sѓ 1891 SЂRѕS†S– RI RљR°RЅRµRIS– – RЅR° RјRѕRiRёR»S– RўR°SЂR°SЃR° RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR° – R±SѓRI RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· SЃRїS–RIR·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeS–RI "R‘SЂR°S‚SЃS‚RIR° S‚R°SЂR°SЃS–RIS†S–RI".

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R–SѓRye R·RiR°RgSѓS”, S‰Rѕ RIRgR°R»RѕSЃSЊ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё 4 SЃRµSЂRgSЋS†SЊRyeRёS… RїRѕR»RyeRё RїRѕ 4 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RIRѕSЏRyeS–RI Sѓ RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕRјSѓ: S–RјRµRЅS– R†RIR°RЅR° RњR°R·RµRїRё, RџRёR»RёRїR° RћSЂR»RёRyeR°, RљRѕSЃS‚SЏ R“RѕSЂRgS–S”RЅRyeR° S– RўR°SЂR°SЃR° RЁRµRIS‡RµRЅRyeR°; RIR°R¶RyeSѓ RiR°SЂRјR°S‚RЅSѓ R±R°S‚R°SЂRµSЋ, RyeSѓR»RµRјRµS‚RЅS– SЂRѕS‚Rё, S‚RµS…RЅS–S‡RЅS– S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё S‚RѕS‰Rѕ.

RЎR°RјRµ S†S– S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё – R·R° SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј RЎRµSЂRiS–SЏ R–SѓRyeR° – RїSЂRѕRIRµR»Rё RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—:

"RќR° RњR°SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RјR°R№RgR°RЅS–, RїRµSЂRµRg R†SЃR°R°RyeS–S”RISЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RyeR°S‚RµRgSЂRѕSЋ RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЏ RїR°SЂR°RgR° RїRѕR»RyeS–RI, SЏRyeS– RїS–SЃR»SЏ RњRѕR»RµR±RЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRёRIRµRgRµRЅRѕ RgRѕ RїSЂRёSЃSЏRiRё RЅR° RIS–SЂRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅS–R№ R R°RgS– S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R’S–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRјSѓ R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RљRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚RѕRIS–".

RџS–SЃR»SЏ S‡RѕRiRѕ S–R· RїRѕRIRЅRёRј SЃRїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏRј R·R°RїSЂRёSЃSЏR¶RµRЅS– RIRёS—S…R°R»Rё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ.

RџRѕSЃRёR»R°RЅRЅSЏ:

1. RђRIRgS–S”RЅRyeRѕ RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ. R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIR° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– S– RЈRЎR”R Rџ // R›S–S‚RѕRїRёSЃ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—. – 1928. – R§.1 (28). – RЎ. 229-230.

2. RџRµSЂS€R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RiR°R·RµS‚R° RїS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ // RќR°S€Rµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ. – 1947. – R§. 13. 13 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ. – RЎ. 9.

3. Rљ.RЈ. RџRµSЂS€RёR№ RЅR°RїR°Rg R RѕSЃS–S— RЅR° R›SЊRIS–RI (1914). – RќSЋ R™RѕSЂRye, 1957. – RЎ. 58.

4. R›RѕS‚RѕS†SЊRyeRёR№ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ. RЎS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeRё RјRёRЅSѓR»RѕRiRѕ: S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° S‚SЂRµS‚SЏ. – R’R°SЂS€R°RIR°, 1934. – RЎ. 330.

5. R”RѕR±SЂSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RђT‘R°S‚RѕRЅ. RЇRye RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ 1917 SЂ. RI R RѕSЃS–S— (R†R· SЃRїRѕRјRёRЅS–RI RїSЂRѕ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°Rg) // RљR°R»RµRЅRgR°SЂ "RџSЂRѕSЃRIS–S‚Rё" RЅR° R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRёR№ SЂS–Rye 1937. – R›SЊRIS–RI, 1936. – 62-63.

6. RњS–S‚RёRЅRi RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI RџSѓS‚S–R»RѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R·R°RIRѕRgSѓ // R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RiR°R·RµS‚R°. – 1917. – R§. 19. – 23 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ. RЎ. 2-3.

7. R„SЂRµRјS–S—RI RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ. R„.RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ RЅR° S‚R»S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕS— R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё // R„RIRiRµRЅ RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ S‚R° R№RѕRiRѕ RgRѕR±R°. – RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅ, 1974. – RЎ. 130.

8. RGSЂRёSЃS‚SЋRye RџR°RIR»Rѕ. R—R°RјS–S‚RyeRё S– RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё RgRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—. – Rў. 1. – R’S–RgRµRЅSЊ, 1921. – RЎ.9.

9. R’RёRЅRЅRёS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ. R’S–RgSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅR°S†S–S—. – Rў. 1. – RљRёS—RI-R’S–RgRµRЅSЊ, 1920. – RЎ. 51.

10. Rљ.RЈ. RџRµSЂS€RёR№ RЅR°RїR°Rg R RѕSЃS–S— RЅR° R›SЊRIS–RI (1914). – RќSЋ R™RѕSЂRye, 1957. – RЎ. 51-52.

11. R— RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕR»S—S‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»RѕRЅRµRЅRѕRiRѕ // R”S–R»Rѕ. – 1917. – 17 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1917. – RЎ. 2.

12. R›RѕS‚RѕS†SЊRyeRёR№ Rћ. RЎS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeRё RјRёRЅSѓR»RѕRiRѕ: S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° S‚SЂRµS‚SЏ. – R’R°SЂS€R°RIR°, 1934. – RЎ. 327.

13. RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡ R„RIRiRµRЅ. R›RёSЃS‚ RgRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRIRё RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ RЈ.RЎ.R”.R .Rџ // RќR°S€Rµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ (RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°Rg). – 1917. – R§. 2. – 29 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ. – RЎ. 3.

14. RљRѕRIR°R»S–RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕ. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЏ RI RџRµS‚RµSЂR±SѓSЂR·S– (12/25 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1917 SЂ.) // R—R°RїRѕSЂRѕR¶RµS†SЊ (RџR°SЂRёR¶). – 1937. – R§. 7-8. – SЃS–S‡RµRЅSЊ-R»SЋS‚RёR№. RЎ. 10-11.

15. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЏ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– // RќR°S€Rµ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ (RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°Rg). – 1917. – R§. 1. – 24 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ. – RЎ. 4.

16. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RјR°RЅS–S„RµSЃS‚R°S†S–SЏ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– // R’S–SЃS‚RЅRёRye RЎRѕSЋR·R° RIRёR·RIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. – 1917. – R§. 148. – 29 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ. – RЎ. 275-277.

17. R–SѓRye RЎRµSЂRiS–R№. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RџRµS‚RµSЂR±SѓSЂT‘ S– R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR»SЏ RI R±SѓRgSѓRIR°RЅRЅS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё // RЁR»SЏS… RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiRё. – 1958. – R§. 3 (204). – 19 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ. – RЎ. 4.

18. RЈRyeSЂR°RёRЅSЃRyeRѕRµ S‚RѕSЂR¶RµSЃS‚RIRѕ // R RµS‡SЊ. – 1917. – v„– . 62. – 14(27) RјR°SЂS‚R°. – RЎ. 6.

19. RћR±RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅS‹R№ RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgSЊ // R”RµRЅSЊ. – 1917. - v„– 8. – 14 (27) RјR°SЂS‚R°. – RЎ. 1.

20. RљRѕSЃRµS†SЊ R†RIR°RЅ. R¤SЂR°RiRјRµRЅS‚ SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI R· S‡R°SЃS–RI R·R±SЂRѕR№RЅRѕS— RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕS— R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±S– // R—R° RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ. – R§. 10. – RўRѕSЂRѕRЅS‚Rѕ, 1964. – RЎ. 196-199.

21. Rљ.RЈ. RџRµSЂS€RёR№ RЅR°RїR°Rg R RѕSЃS–S— RЅR° R›SЊRIS–RI (1914). – RќSЋ R™RѕSЂRye, 1957. – RЎ. 51, 59.

22. R”RѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅRyeRѕ R”. R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё 1917-1923 SЂSЂ. – RЈR¶RiRѕSЂRѕRg, 1930. – Rў.1. – RЎ. 47.

23. RЎRµSЂRiS–R№S‡SѓRye R’. R’S–RgSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃS‚RIR°: 1914-1922. – R’RёS€RiRѕSЂRѕRg, 2018. – RЎ. 82-84.

24. RљRѕSЂRѕR»SЊ RќRµSЃS‚RѕSЂ. RћS‡RёRјR° R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeR° // R’RёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRёR№ S€R»SЏS…. – 1967. – R§. 11-12. – RЎ. 1268.

25. RќRµSЂRѕRЅRѕRIRёS‡ R„RIRiRµRЅ. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°RgS– // R RѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡R° RiR°R·RµS‚R°. – 1917. – R§. 75. – 2 R»RёRїRЅSЏ. – RЎ. 2-3.

26. R’R»R°RgRёRјRёSЂRѕRIR° R’RµSЂR°. R RµRIRѕR»SЋS†RёSЏ 1917 RiRѕRgR°. – Rў. 3. – RњRѕSЃRyeRIR°-RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°Rg, 1923. – RЎ. 109-110.

RќRµSЃSѓRIRµSЂRµRЅRЅS– RЅR°S†S–S—. RЇRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° SЃS‚R°R»R° R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёS†RµSЋ RћRћRќ?

RўS–, S…S‚Rѕ RiSЂR°S” Sѓ SЂS–R·RЅRѕRIRёRg S€R°S…S–RI S–R· RЅR°R·RIRѕSЋ V«RЇR»S‚R°V», R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊ, RЅR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё S†S–RЅRЅRёRјRё (R°R»Rµ RЅRµRїRµRIRЅRёRјRё) R±SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIS– R°R»SЊSЏRЅSЃRё. R“SЂSѓ RїSЂRёRgSѓRјR°R»Rё RїS–SЃR»SЏ RЇR»S‚RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS„RµSЂRµRЅS†S–S— S– RЅR°R·RIR°R»Rё RЅR° S—S— S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ.

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RЅR° R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R¤RѕSЂSѓRјS– RIRёRgR°RIS†S–RI. R RћR—RљR›RђR”

RЈ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RISЃSЏ 26-R№ R¤RѕSЂSѓRј RIRёRgR°RIS†S–RI. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№RЅRѕ RѕR±SЂR°R»R° SЃRµSЂRµRg SЃRѕS‚RµRЅSЊ R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI S‚S–, S‰Rѕ RїRѕRISЏR·R°RЅS– R· S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ.

RџSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgR° V«R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏV». RќR°RIS–S‰Rѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RїRµSЂRµRyeR»R°R»Rё RЅR° V«RјRѕRISѓV» RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RїS–SЃRµRЅSЊ R·R°SЏRISѓ RњRѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIR°?

RќRµRIRgRѕRIR·S– RїS–SЃR»SЏ "R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ" RЅR° R·R°S…S–RgRЅRѕSѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏS…, S‰Rѕ SЃS‚R°R»Rё S‚RµRїRµSЂ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё, RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё RIRёRЅRёRyeR°S‚Rё "RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅS–" RїS–SЃRЅS– R№ RIS–SЂS€S– RїSЂRѕ "R±R°S‚SЊRyeR°-RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR°" S‚R° "RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїR°RЅS–RI". RўR°RyeR° S‚RIRѕSЂS‡S–SЃS‚SЊ, RїRѕRїSЂRё SЃRIS–R№ RIRgR°RIR°RЅRёR№ "SЃS‚RёS…S–R№RЅRёR№" S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ, RIRёS…RѕRgRёR»R° RЅR°RїSЂRѕS‡SѓRg SЃS…RѕR¶RѕSЋ RЅR° RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RўRђRЎRЎ S‡Rё RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS†S– "RџSЂR°RIRgRё".

R„SЂSѓSЃR°R»RёRј Sѓ SЃRµSЂS†S– RђS„SЂRёRyeRё

"RћSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°SЋSЃSЏ RїRёSЃR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RЅRёS…, R±Rѕ RјRµRЅS– RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїRѕRIS–SЂRёS‚SЊ, R°R»Rµ RїSЂRёSЃSЏRiR°SЋSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RїRёS€Sѓ S‰RёSЂSѓ RїSЂR°RIRgSѓ..." RЇRye SЃRyeRµR»SЊRЅS– S†RµSЂRyeRIRё R›R°R»S–R±RµR»Rё SѓRIS–S‡RЅRёR»Rё S—S…RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S‚RIRѕSЂS†SЏ S– RїRѕR·R±R°RIRёR»Rё RIR»R°RgRё R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°S‰R°RgRyeS–RI