R–RµSЂS‚RIRё S– RјRѕRiRёR»Rё RI RyeRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ

R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё R±SѓR»Rё RЅRµRyeSЂRѕS„S–R»R°RјRё. RЎRIRѕS—S… RiRµSЂRѕS—RI RIRѕRЅRё RЅRµ S…RѕRIR°R»Rё SЏRye RiRѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ, RЅR° RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰R°S…. RќR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ RїRѕR»SЋR±R»SЏR»Rё RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂSЋRIR°S‚Rё RЅR° S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂS– RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeS– RјS–SЃS†SЏ, S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅS– RїR»RѕS‰S– S‚R° RїR°SЂRyeRё.

R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё R±SѓR»Rё RЅRµRyeSЂRѕS„S–R»R°RјRё. R’RѕRЅRё R±SѓRgSѓRIR°R»Rё SЃRIS–R№ RЅRѕRIRёR№ SЃRIS–S‚ RЅR° SЂSѓS—RЅR°S… SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ SЃS‚R°SЂRѕRiRѕ.

RЎRIRѕS—S… RiRµSЂRѕS—RI RIRѕRЅRё RЅRµ S…RѕRIR°R»Rё SЏRye RiRѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ, RЅR° RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰R°S…. R’RѕRЅRё RїSЂR°RiRЅSѓR»Rё RїRѕRјS–S‚RёS‚Rё S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RјRѕRiRёR»R°RјRё SЃRIRѕS—S… "RiRµSЂRѕS—RI". R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё RїRѕR»SЋR±R»SЏR»Rё RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂSЋRIR°S‚Rё RЅR° S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂS– S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅS– RїR»RѕS‰S– S‚R° RїR°SЂRyeRё.

RћS‚ RїRѕRgRёRIS–S‚SЊSЃSЏ: RgRµ RїS–SЃR»SЏ R·R°RIRµSЂS€RµRЅRЅSЏ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° RIR»R°S€S‚RѕRISѓRIR°R»R° SЂS–R·RЅRѕRјR°RЅS–S‚RЅS– R±SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeS– RјRѕRiRёR»Rё? RЈ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS– RјS–SЃS‚!

R¦SЏ RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёRyeR° – S…RѕSЂRѕRЅRёS‚Rё SЃRIRѕS— RiRµSЂRѕS—RI RЅRµ RЅR° RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰R°S…, R° Sѓ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёS… RјS–SЃS†SЏS… RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЊ S‰Rµ RIS–Rg 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

R’RїRµSЂS€Rµ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– R±SѓR»Rё RIR»R°RgRѕSЋ Sѓ R»SЋS‚RѕRјSѓ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R’SЃSЊRѕRiRѕ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° S‚RёR¶RЅS–RI. R— 26 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ (8 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ) RgRѕ 1 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ. R† R·R° S†RµR№ S‡R°SЃ RIRѕRЅRё SЃRїSЂRѕRјRѕRiR»RёSЃSЊ RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё SЂRѕR·RyeS–S€RЅRёR№ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂRye RЅR° RЅRµRyeSЂRѕRїRѕR»SЊ. RќR° RiR°R·RѕRЅR°S…, SЏRyeRёRјRё S‰Rµ RЅRµS‰RѕRgR°RIRЅRѕ RїSЂRѕRiSѓR»SЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ S–RјRїRµSЂSЃSЊRyeR° RµR»S–S‚R° S‚RµRїRµSЂ SЃS‚RѕSЏR»Rё RЅR°RgRјRѕRiRёR»SЊRЅS– S…SЂRµSЃS‚Rё.

RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°R»R°S†. RџRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ

RЈ SЃS–S‡RЅS– 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё RIS‡RµSЂRiRѕRIRµ SЃRїSЂRѕR±SѓRIR°R»Rё R·R°S…RѕRїRёS‚Rё RIR»R°RgSѓ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– S‚R° R·R±SЂRѕS”SЋ RїRѕRIR°R»RёS‚Rё RЈRќR . R’RёSЃS‚SѓRїRё R·R°RyeRѕR»RѕS‚RЅRёRyeS–RI RI RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… SЂR°R№RѕRЅR°S… RљRёS”RIR° RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… RgRЅS–RI R±SѓRI RїSЂRёRgSѓS€RµRЅS–.

RћRїS–SЂ RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ R»RёS€Rµ RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— R·R°RIRѕRgSѓ RђSЂSЃRµRЅR°R». RќR°SЃS‚SѓRї SѓSЂSЏRgRѕRIRёS… SЃRёR» R№S€RѕRI R· RgRIRѕS… R±RѕRyeS–RI RѕRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃRЅRѕ – R· RISѓR»RёS†S– RњRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕS— S‚R° R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ S‡RµSЂRµR· RњRёRyeS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeS– RIRѕSЂRѕS‚R°.

"RџS–S€R»Rё R·SЂR°RЅRyeSѓ R“R°R№RgR°RјR°RyeRё S– R”RѕSЂRѕS€RµRЅRyeS–RIS†S– RЅR° RђSЂSЃRµRЅR°R», R·RgRѕR±SѓRIR°SЋS‡Rё RgRѕRј R·R° RgRѕRјRѕRј. RђR»Rµ RјR°R»Rё S‚R°RyeS– RIR°R¶RyeS– RIS‚SЂR°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ S€RIRёRgRyeRѕ RyeRёRЅSѓS‚Rѕ S‚SѓRgRё SЃRѕS‚RЅSЋ RЎS–S‡RѕRIRёS… RЎS‚SЂS–R»SЊS†S–RI".

R’SЂRµS€S‚S–, R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕRgRѕR»R°RЅRѕ. R—R°RyeRѕR»RѕS‚ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё R·R°RyeRѕRЅRЅRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё RЈRќR  RїSЂRѕRIR°R»RёRISЃSЏ.

RћRgRЅR°Rye R·R° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RgRЅS–RI R·-R·R° R”RЅS–RїSЂR° RgRѕ RљRёS”RIR° RISЃS‚SѓRїRёR»Rё SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeS– S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕRiRIR°SЂRgS–R№S†S–.

RљRёS—RI RѕRїRёRЅRёRISЃSЏ Sѓ RјRѕSЂRѕS†S– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S—.

R’S–RgSЂR°R·Sѓ R¶ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RISЃS‚SѓRїSѓ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI RgRѕ RјS–SЃS‚R° RЅRѕRIR° RIR»R°RgR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»R° RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅRё R·R°RiRёR±R»RёS… Sѓ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– S‚R° RI S‡R°SЃ R±RѕS—RI.

"R— 1-RiRѕ RїRѕ 5 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RyeRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂS–R°S‚ S…RѕSЂRѕRЅRёRI R¶RµSЂS‚RIRё RЎS–S‡RЅRµRIRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeRѕRIS–".

R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅ Sѓ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ. R›SЋS‚RёR№ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

R”R»SЏ RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅSѓ R¶RµSЂS‚RI RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RїR°SЂRyeSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ RgRIS– RIRµR»RёRyeS– RјRѕRiRёR»SЊRЅS– SЏRјRё.

R’ RѕRgRЅS–R№, RgRµS‰Rѕ RїRѕRgR°R»S– RIS–Rg RyeSЂR°SЋ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ, RїRѕS…RѕRIR°R»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R±RѕSЂS†S–RI, RїRѕSЃRyeRёRgR°RIS€Rё S‚S–R»R° RgRѕ SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕS— RјRѕRiRёR»Rё R±RµR· S‚SЂSѓRЅ S–, R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rѕ, R±RµR· RЅR°R»RµR¶RЅRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS€R°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ.

RЎRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё S‚R°Rј R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRѕ RgRѕRIS–RgR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RIR°R¶RyeRѕ. RђR»Rµ R»RµRgRIRµ S‡Rё S—S… R±SѓR»Rѕ RјRµRЅS€Rµ, RЅS–R¶ RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅS†S–RI RђSЂSЃRµRЅR°R»Sѓ. R‘Rѕ R·R°RIR¶RgRё S‡RёSЃR»Rѕ R¶RµSЂS‚RI SЃRµSЂRµRg RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїR°SЋS‡RёS… RїSЂRё S€S‚SѓSЂRјS– R·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶R°S” S‡RёSЃR»Rѕ R·R°RiRёR±R»RёS… RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅS†S–RI.

R›RѕRyeR°R»S–R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё RЅR° RјS–SЃS†RµRIRѕSЃS‚S– R±SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRiRёR»Sѓ R·R°S…RёSЃRЅRёRyeS–RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ. RџRµSЂRIS–SЃRЅRѕ RЅR° RЅS–R№ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ RЅS–SЏRyeRёS… RїRѕR·RЅR°S‡RѕRye, R° R·RiRѕRgRѕRј R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° R·SЂRѕR±RёR»R° SѓSЃRµ, S‰RѕR± RїSЂRѕ RЅRµS— R·R°R±SѓR»Rё.

RќR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ "SЃRIRѕS—S…" R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё S…RѕRIR°R»Rё R· RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRёRјRё RїRѕS‡RµSЃS‚SЏRјRё. RўRѕRiRѕS‡R°SЃRЅR° RiR°R·RµS‚R° RїRёS€Rµ:

"RЈ RЅRµRgS–R»SЋ 4 (17) R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚RёR№ RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅ R¶RµSЂS‚RI, S‰Rѕ R·R°RiRёRЅSѓR»Rё RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RyeSЂS–RIR°RIRёS… RїRѕRgS–R№ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS–, RyeRѕS‚SЂS– R±RѕSЂRѕR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° R±RѕS†S– SЃRѕRIS”S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё… Sѓ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ R±SѓR»Rё RIRёSЂRёS‚S– RgRIS– RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅRёS… R±SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RјRѕRiRёR»Rё" RgRѕ SЏRyeRёS… "RѕRїSѓS‰RµRЅRѕ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЃRѕS‚ S‡RѕSЂRЅRёS… S‚SЂSѓRЅ".

R’RyeR°R·S–RIRyeR° RЅR° "RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЃRѕS‚" RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±SѓS” RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂRyeRё S– SѓS‚RѕS‡RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ. R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё R»SЋR±RёR»Rё RїRµSЂRµR±S–R»SЊS€SѓRIR°S‚Rё S†RёS„SЂRѕRIS– RgR°RЅS– RI S‚RѕR№ S‡Rё S–RЅS€RёR№ R±S–Rye.

R—R±RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅS– S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅ, RgRѕR·RIRѕR»SЏSЋS‚SЊ RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RёS‚Rё RїSЂRёR±R»RёR·RЅS– SЂRѕR·RјS–SЂRё RїRѕS…RѕRIR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— SЏRјRё – 8S…20 Rј, S†RµR±S‚Rѕ R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ 160 Rј2. RЇRyeS‰Rѕ RIR·SЏS‚Rё RїR»RѕS‰Sѓ RѕRgRЅS–S”S— S‚SЂSѓRЅRё RI 1 RyeRIR°RgSЂR°S‚RЅRёR№ RјRµS‚SЂ, S‚Rѕ RI SЏRјS– RјRѕRiR»Rѕ RїRѕRјS–SЃS‚RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ 160 S‚SЂSѓRЅ.

RЇRyeS‰Rѕ S‚SЂSѓRЅRё SЃS‚R°RIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RI RgRIR° "RїRѕRIRµSЂS…Rё", S‚Rѕ S†Rµ R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RјRѕR¶Rµ SЃSЏRiR°S‚Rё 320.

RђR»Rµ RЅR°SЏRIRЅS– S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— RЅRµ RїS–RgS‚RIRµSЂRgR¶SѓSЋS‚SЊ RgRIRѕRїRѕRIRµSЂS…RѕRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ.

R—RiRѕRgRѕRј RI SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂS–, RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RїSѓR±R»S–S†RёSЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёR№, S‡RёSЃR»Rѕ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRёS… Sѓ R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeRѕRIS–, RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRѕRIRѕ R·R±S–R»SЊS€SѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RgRѕ 1000. R¦SЋ S†RёS„SЂSѓ RЅR°R·RёRIR°RI Sѓ 1921 SЂRѕS†S– RiRѕR»RѕRIR° R R°RgRЅR°SЂRyeRѕRјSѓ RЈRЎR R  R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R—R°S‚RѕRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№.

RњRѕRiRёR»R° R¶RµSЂS‚RI SЃS–S‡RЅRµRIRёS… RїRѕRgS–R№ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RџRѕR»RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RyeR»SѓRјR±. S„RѕS‚Rѕ. 1934 SЂS–Rye.

R”R»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgRё R·R°RIR¶RgRё R±SѓR»Rѕ S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRЅRёRј RiS–RїRµSЂR±RѕR»S–R·R°S†S–SЏ RIR»R°SЃRЅRёS… RIS‚SЂR°S‚. R’RѕRЅRё S‚RёRј SЃR°RјRёRј RїS–RgRyeSЂRµSЃR»SЋRIR°R»Rё RIR»R°SЃRЅS– R·SѓSЃRёR»R»SЏ S– R·R°SЃR»SѓRiRё RїRµSЂRµRg "SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S”SЋ".

RGR°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё, RЅRµ R·RIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё RЅR° SЃRIRѕSЋ S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅSѓ R°S‚RµS—SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, S…RѕRIR°R»Rё R·R°RiRёR±R»RёS… R·R° SЂRµR»S–RiS–R№RЅRёRјRё RѕR±SЂSЏRgR°RјRё.

R—R° RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅRёRјRё SЃR»SѓR¶RёR»Rё RїR°RЅR°S…RёRgSѓ. RџSЂR°RIRgR° RЅRµ RЅR° RјS–SЃS†S– RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, R° Sѓ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRѕR±RѕSЂS–. R„RISЂRµS—RI, RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ, R·R° S–SѓRgRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RѕR±SЂSЏRgRѕRј.

R’ RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅS– RgRЅS– RgRѕRgR°S‚RyeRѕRIRѕ RIRёSЏRIR»RµRЅS– S‚SЂSѓRїRё R·RIRѕR·RёR»Rё SЃSЋRgRё S– S…RѕRIR°R»Rё RI RЅRѕRIRёS… SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRёS… RјRѕRiRёR»R°S…, R°R»Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±RµR· RїR°S„RѕSЃSѓ S– RјS–S‚RёRЅRiS–RI. R¦S– RgRѕRgR°S‚RyeRѕRIS– RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RЅRµ S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ, S‚R°Rye S‰Rѕ RЅS– RyeS–R»SЊRyeS–SЃS‚SЊ RЅS– RјS–SЃS†SЏ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјS–.

31 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ (13 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ) 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI S–SЃRЅSѓSЋS‡Sѓ R±SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRiRёR»Sѓ RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeRѕRIS– RїRѕS…RѕRIR°R»Rё RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeS–RI R°RЅS‚RёRgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ R·R°RyeRѕR»RѕS‚Sѓ SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂR° (RђR·RµS„R°) R“RѕSЂRIS–S†R°, RyeRѕR»Rё "S‚SЂSѓRї S‚RѕRI. R“RѕSЂRIRёS†R° RЅR°R№S€R»Rё RЅR° R±RµSЂRµR·S– R”RЅS–RїSЂR°".

3 (16) R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RgRѕ S†S–S”S— SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕS— RјRѕRiRёR»Rё RїRµSЂRµRїRѕS…RѕRIR°R»Rё R·R°RiRёR±R»Sѓ RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅSѓ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS‡RyeSѓ R“R°R»RёRЅSѓ RўS–RјRѕS„S”S”RISѓ.

RќRµRyeSЂRѕRїRѕR»SЊ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ. 1934 SЂ.

RќR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ, S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ 4 (17) R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ SЃSЋRgRё R¶ RїRµSЂRµRїRѕS…RѕRIR°R»Rё R· R‘R°R№RyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰R° R›RµRѕRЅS–RgR° Rџ’SЏS‚R°RyeRѕRIR°. R’S–RЅ RѕS‡RѕR»SЋRIR°RI RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRISѓ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЋ RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgR»R°RјRyeSѓ R RѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃRѕS†S–R°R»-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S—.

RћR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅRё R№RѕRiRѕ RIR±RёRISЃS‚RIR° RgRѕSЃS– RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕ RЅRµ RIRёSЏSЃRЅRµRЅS–. R’ RЅS–S‡ RЅR° 25 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ (7 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ) R№RѕRiRѕ R·R°R±SЂR°R»Rё R· RgRѕRјSѓ RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјS– RyeRѕR·R°RyeRё. RЁRёSЂRёR»RёSЃSЊ S‡SѓS‚RyeRё S‚R° RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ, S‰Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RЅS–R±Rё-S‚Rѕ RIS‚RѕRїRёR»Rё Sѓ R”RЅS–RїSЂS– – "RїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё RїS–Rg R»S–Rg".

RћRgRЅR°Rye, 16 (29) SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ RїRѕR±R»RёR·Sѓ SЃS‚R°RЅS†S–S— RљRёS—RI-R’RѕR»RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRёSЏRIR»RµRЅRѕ S‚S–R»Rѕ, Sѓ SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ SѓRїS–R·RЅR°R»Rё R›RµRѕRЅS–RgR° RџʼSЏS‚R°RyeRѕRIR°. RЈ RїSЂRµSЃS– R·S‡RёRЅRёRISЃSЏ RiR°R»R°SЃ – "R±RѕSЂS†SЏ R·R° SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgSѓ SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RѕRiRѕ RyeR»R°SЃSѓ RIR±RёR»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–".

RЇRye R·R°R·RЅR°S‡R°RI Sѓ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЂSѓS‡RЅRёS… RїRѕRyeR°R·R°S… R±SЂR°S‚ RїRѕRyeS–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ, RIR±RёS‚RѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRѕ RЅR° R›SѓRye’SЏRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰S–. Rђ R·RiRѕRgRѕRј "RїRѕ SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЋ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI S‚S–R»Rѕ R±SЂR°S‚R° RIS–RgRyeRѕRїR°R»Rё S– 4-RiRѕ R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°R»Rё SЂR°R·RѕRј R· S–RЅS€RёRјRё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё Sѓ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeRѕRIS–".

RЈ 1927 SЂRѕS†S– RI RїR°SЂRyeSѓ RI RїR°Rј’SЏS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRёS… Sѓ SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅS–R№ RјRѕRiRёR»S– R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rё SЃRyeSЂRѕRјRЅRёR№ RЅRµRIRёSЃRѕRyeRёR№ RЅR°RgRiSЂRѕR±RѕRye R· RIRјRѕRЅS‚RѕRIR°RЅRёRј R±SЂRѕRЅR·RѕRIRёRј R±R°SЂRµR»SЊS”S„RѕRј SЃRyeSѓR»SЊRїS‚RѕSЂR° R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° RљR»S–RјRѕRIR°.

RќR°RgRiSЂRѕR±RѕRye RјS–SЃS‚RёRI RЅR°RїRёSЃ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ "R’RµS‡RЅR°SЏ RїR°RјSЏS‚SЊ R±RѕSЂS†R°Rј R·R° SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgSѓ. RG. 1917-1927 RѕRyeS‚SЏR±SЂSЊ".

RќR°RgRiSЂRѕR±RѕRye RјRѕRiRёR»Rё R¶RµSЂS‚RI SЃiS‡RЅRµRIRёS… RїRѕRgiR№ 1918 SЂ. R¤RѕS‚Rѕ. 1934 SЂ.

R RѕR·S‚R°S€RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RIS–RЅ RgRµS‰Rѕ RѕSЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRЅSЊ RїSЂR°RIRѕSЂSѓS‡ S– RI RiR»RёR± RїR°SЂRyeSѓ. R§Rё SЃRїS–RIRїR°RgR°S” SЂRѕR·S‚R°S€SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR°RgRiSЂRѕR±RyeSѓ R· SЃR°RјRѕSЋ RјRѕRiRёR»RѕSЋ SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё RIR°R¶RyeRѕ. RЁRIRёRgS€Rµ S†Rµ SѓRјRѕRIRЅRёR№ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRye (RyeRµRЅRѕS‚R°S„), R° RЅRµ RЅR°RgRiSЂRѕR±RѕRye RЅR° RgS–R№SЃRЅS–R№ RјRѕRiRёR»S–.

RџR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRye RgRµRјRѕRЅS‚RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RI S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё. RЎR°Rј R¶Rµ R±SЂRѕRЅR·RѕRIRёR№ R±R°SЂRµR»SЊS”S„ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° RљR»RёRјRѕRIR° R·R±RµSЂS–RiSЃSЏ. 1951 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R№RѕRiRѕ RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ RЅR° S–RЅS€RѕRјSѓ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RјRµRЅS‚S–.

R“RѕS‚SѓSЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RgRѕ S‡RµSЂRiRѕRIRѕRiRѕ SЋRIS–R»RµSЋ RїSЂRёS…RѕRgSѓ RgRѕ RIR»R°RgRё 1967 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RїR°Rј’SЏS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ "R±RѕSЂS†S–RI" RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚Rѕ RЅRѕRIRёR№, SЃS‚R°S‚SѓR°SЂRЅRёR№ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRye. R™RѕRiRѕ R°RIS‚RѕSЂR°RјRё R±SѓR»Rё SЃRyeSѓR»SЊRїS‚RѕSЂ R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R’S–RЅR°R№RyeS–RЅ S‚R° R°SЂS…S–S‚RµRyeS‚RѕSЂ R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R“RЅS”R·RgRёR»RѕRI.

R† Sѓ S†RµR№ RЅRѕRIRёR№ RїR°RјʼSЏS‚RЅRёRye R·R±RѕRyeSѓ RЅR° RїRѕSЃS‚R°RјRµRЅS‚S– RIRјRѕRЅS‚SѓRIR°R»Rё R±R°SЂRµR»SЊS”S„ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° RљR»S–RјRѕRIR° R· RЅR°RgRiSЂRѕR±RyeSѓ 1927 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

R—R°R·RЅR°S‡RёRјRѕ, S‰Rѕ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRye 1967 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R·RIRµRgRµRЅRѕ R·RѕRISЃS–Rј RI S–RЅS€RѕRјSѓ RјS–SЃS†S– S– RЅS–SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ R·RIʼSЏR·RyeSѓ R· RјRѕRiRёR»RѕSЋ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S‚R° RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RyeRµRЅRѕS‚R°S„RѕRј 1927 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RЅRµ RјR°S”.

R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rё Sѓ RљRёS—RIS– SЂRµR¶RёRј S‚RµSЂRѕSЂSѓ. R›SЋRgRё R·RЅRёRyeR°R»Rё RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†SЏS…, RIRёR№S€RѕRIS€Rё R·R° S…R»S–R±RѕRј. RGRѕRgRёR»Rё S‡SѓS‚RyeRё, S‰Rѕ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЋRIR°R»Rё R·R° RїSЂRµRgʼSЏRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїRѕSЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ, RIRёRgR°RЅRµ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ R R°RgRѕSЋ, R·R° RIRёS€RёRIR°RЅRyeSѓ S‡Rё RyeRѕR·R°S†SЊRyeS– RISѓSЃR°.

R§R»RµRЅ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R„S„SЂRµRјRѕRI, SЏRyeRёR№ R·R°R»RёS€RёRISЃSЏ RI RѕRyeSѓRїRѕRIR°RЅRѕRјSѓ RљRёS”RIS–, RїSЂRѕRјRѕRIRёSЃS‚Rѕ RѕS…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂRёR·SѓRIR°RI S‚RѕR№ RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRёR№ RїRµSЂS–RѕRg SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–R№RЅRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё Sѓ RљRёS”RIS–: "R‘RѕR¶RµRIS–R»R»SЏ R№ SЃS‚SЂR°S… R»S–S‚R°RI RЅR°Rg RјS–SЃS‚RѕRј S– RgRµRgR°R»S– RЅR°R±RёSЂR°RI S‚R°RyeRёS… RѕRiRёRgRЅRёS… S„RѕSЂRј, S‰Rѕ RgRёS…R°S‚Rё SЂRѕR±RёR»RѕSЃSЊ RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ".

R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёR№ S‚RµSЂRѕSЂ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– (S– RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ S‚SѓS‚) R·R° RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRёR№ S‡R°SЃ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RI RјS–SЃS‚S– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёS… RѕRyeSѓRїR°RЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RIS–R№SЃSЊRye R±SѓRI "RЅR°RgRїSЂRѕRgSѓRyeS‚RёRIRЅRёRј".

R§RёSЃR»Rѕ RIR±RёS‚RёS… RѕR±SЂR°S…RѕRISѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ R·R° SЂS–R·RЅRёRјRё RgR°RЅRёRјRё RIS–Rg 2 RgRѕ 5 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RѕSЃS–R±. RџRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ S†Rµ SЃR»SѓR¶R±RѕRIS†S–, RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIS–, S–RЅS‚RµR»S–RiRµRЅS†S–SЏ, SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ S‚R° RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIS–, R·R° R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕSЋ S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅRѕR»RѕRiS–S”SЋ "RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂRё".

R‘SѓR»Rё SЃRµSЂRµRg R·R°RiRёR±R»RёS… S– S†S–R»RyeRѕRј RIRёRїR°RgRyeRѕRIS– RѕSЃRѕR±Rё. RћRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃRЅRѕ RїSЂRѕRyeRѕS‚RёR»R°SЃSЏ S…RIRёR»SЏ RјR°SЂRѕRgRµSЂSЃS‚RIR°, RЅR°SЃRёR»SЊSЃS‚RIR° S– RiSЂR°R±SѓRЅRyeSѓ.

RћRgRЅRёRј R· RјS–SЃS†SЊ RјR°SЃRѕRIRёS… SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»S–RI S– RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅSЊ SЃS‚R°RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂRye. R’ RїR°R»R°S†S– RIRµSЂS€RёR»Rё "RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃSѓRgRgSЏ". RўSѓS‚ SѓS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»Rё RI’SЏR·RЅS–RI S– R·R°SЂSѓS‡RЅRёRyeS–RI.

RџR°SЂRye SЃS‚R°RI RјS–SЃS†RµRј SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»S–RI. RўS–R»R° SЃRyeRёRgR°R»Rё RgRѕ RIRёRyeRѕRїR°RЅRёS… SЏRј S– R·R°RiRѕSЂS‚R°R»Rё R·RµRјR»RµSЋ, S‚R°Rye S‰Rѕ RјS–SЃS†Rµ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RIRёRgS–R»SЏR»RёSЃSЏ R»RёS€Rµ RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRїR°RЅRѕSЋ RgS–R»SЏRЅRyeRѕSЋ R·RµRјR»S–.

RЎRµSЂRµRg SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёS… SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёRјRё RѕRyeSѓRїR°RЅS‚R°RјRё R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂ R·RµRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RЈRќR  R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅ R—R°SЂSѓRgRЅRёR№, S‡R»RµRЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё R›RµRѕRЅR°SЂRg R‘RѕS‡RyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRye (SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂ) RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅR° RIRѕR»SЏ" S‡R»RµRЅ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё R†SЃR°Rye RџSѓRiR°S‡.

R§R»RµRЅ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё R†SЃR°Rye RџSѓRiR°S‡, SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёR№ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё S‚R°, R№RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕ, RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRёR№, RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ

RЇRye RїRёSЃR°R»R° RїRѕ SЃRIS–R¶RёS… SЃR»S–RgR°S…, RїS–SЃR»SЏ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RљRёS”RIR° RIS–Rg SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёS… RIS–R№SЃSЊRye, RiR°R·RµS‚R° "R‘RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±R°"

"S‰Rµ RЅRµRgR°RIRЅRѕ R±SѓR»Rё RIRѕRЅRё RISЃS– RјS–R¶ RЅR°RјRё, RI S‚S–SЃRЅRѕRјSѓ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RiSѓSЂS‚S–. RљRѕR»Rё RЅR°Rg RљRёS”RIRѕRј R»S–S‚R°R»Rё S€SЂR°RїRЅRµR»S– S– RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†SЏS… SЃRIRёSЃS‚S–R»Rё RyeSѓR»S–, RiSѓSЂS‚RѕRye RЅR°S€RёS… S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS€S–RI, RѕR±SѓSЂRµRЅRёR№ S‚RёRј S‰Rѕ SЃS‚R°R»RѕSЃSЏ, R·R°S‚SЂRёRIRѕR¶RµRЅRёR№ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅS–Rј RЅRµSЂRIRѕRIRѕ RѕR±RјS–SЂRyeRѕRISѓRIR°RI R±S–R¶SѓS‡S– RїRѕRgS–S—.

R’RѕRЅRё RISЃS– R±SѓR»Rё R· RЅR°RјRё S– SЃRIRѕS—Rј RIRµSЃRµR»RёRј RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS”Rј RIR»RёRIR°R»Rё SЃRIS–S‚R»Rѕ SЃRїRѕRyeRѕSЋ RI R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅSѓ S‚SЂRёRIRѕRiSѓ. RќRµRјRѕRI SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– R±R°S‡Sѓ SЃS…RѕR¶Rµ RЅR° RGSЂRёSЃS‚RѕRIRµ RѕR±R»RёS‡S‡SЏ R‘RѕS‡RyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RgRёS‚SЏS‡Sѓ SѓSЃRјS–S€RyeSѓ R—R°SЂSѓRgRЅRѕRiRѕ S– RgRѕR±SЂRѕRgSѓS€RЅRёR№ SѓSЃRјS–S… RџSѓRiR°S‡R°.

… RISЃS– S‚SЂRё SЃRёRgS–R»Rё RI RїRѕRјRµS€RyeR°RЅRЅS– RџSѓRiR°S‡R° S– RїRёR»Rё S‡R°R№. R’ RyeS–RјRЅR°S‚Sѓ SѓRIS–R№S€R»Rё RјR°S‚SЂRѕSЃRё S– RїRѕRїSЂRѕS…R°R»Rё RїRѕSЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅSЊ.

RќRµ R·RЅR°SЋS‡Rё RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RљRёS—RI RI SЂSѓRyeR°S… R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR°, RїRѕRyeR°R·R°R»Rё RїRѕSЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ S‡R»RµRЅS–RI R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё.

"RќR°Rј S‚R°RyeRёS… S– S‚SЂRµR±R°", — RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–R»Rё RјR°S‚SЂRѕSЃRё S– RїRѕRIRµR»Rё S—S… RgRѕ RїR°R»R°S†Sѓ… R‘SѓRI SЃRѕRЅSЏS‡RЅRёR№, S‡SѓRgRѕRIRёR№ R·RёRјRѕRIRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye. … RЈ RIRµS‡RµSЂS– RI RњR°SЂRёS—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ S—S… SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRѕ".

R§R»RµRЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё R‘RѕRiRgR°RЅ R—R°SЂSѓRgRЅRёR№. R—R°RiRёRЅSѓRI RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ RIS–Rg SЂSѓRye R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI. R¤RѕS‚Rѕ. 1917 SЂ.

R—R° S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S”SЋ R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕRiRѕ RGSЂRµSЃS‚R°: "Sѓ RљRёS”RIS– R·R° 10 RgRµRЅSЊ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ 5 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye, S‰Rѕ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂSЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–RѕRЅRµSЂR°RјRё.

RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЋRIR°R»Rё "RyeSЂR°SЃRЅRѕRiRIR°SЂRgRµR№S†S–" RњSѓSЂR°RIR№RѕRIR° Sѓ RїRµSЂS€S– RgRЅS– RїR°RЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёRyeRѕRI — 26, 27, S– 28 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ (RgR°S‚Rё R·R° SЃS‚R°SЂRёRј SЃS‚RёR»RµRј - RђRIS‚.). RўRѕRgS– RI RњR°SЂRёS—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ (RyeRѕR»Rѕ RїR°R»R°S†Sѓ) R±RµR·RїRµSЂRµSЃS‚R°RЅRЅRѕ SЂRѕR·R»SЏRiR°R»RёSЃSЊ RїRѕSЃS‚SЂS–R»Rё.

R RѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЋRIR°R»Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ S†S–R»RёRјRё RiSѓSЂS‚RyeR°RјRё RїRѕ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RgRµSЃSЏS‚SЊ RgSѓS€. […] RЎR°RјRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI-RiS–RјRЅR°R·RёSЃS‚S–RI, SЏRyeS– R±SѓR»Rё RI R±RѕR№RѕRIRѕRјSѓ RyeSѓSЂRµRЅS– RµSЃRµSЂS–RI S‚R° Sѓ "R’S–R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RyeRѕR·R°S†S‚RIS–", R№ R·R°R»RёS€RёR»RёSЃSЏ Sѓ RљRёS”RIS–, RyeRѕR»Rё S–RЅS€Rµ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ RIRёR№S€R»Rѕ, SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRѕ 168 RgSѓS€.

R— "RњRѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeSѓSЂS–RЅRЅSЏ" SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ 25 RјR°S‚SЂRѕSЃS–RI, SЏRyeS– RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅRµ R±RёR»RёSЃSЊ S–R· R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёRyeR°RјRё, R° "RgRѕRgRµSЂR¶SѓRIR°R»Rё RЅRµR№S‚SЂR°R»S–S‚RµS‚Sѓ".

R“R°R·RµS‚R° RIRyeR°R·SѓS”, S‰Rѕ "RyeSЂS–Rј RњR°SЂRёS—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЋRIR°R»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё R»SЋRgRµR№ S‰Rµ RЅR° R§RµSЂRµRїR°RЅRѕRIS–R№ RiRѕSЂS– (R·R° S„R°R±SЂRёRyeRѕSЋ R”SѓRIR°RЅR°), RЅR° R›R°R±RѕSЂR°S‚RѕSЂRЅS–R№ S‚R° R”S–R»RѕRIS–R№ RISѓR»RёS†SЏS… S– RїRѕ RёRЅS€RёS… RјS–SЃS†SЏS…".

R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRµ RgR¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ RIRёR·RЅR°R»Rѕ RgRµS‰Rѕ RјRµRЅS€Rµ S‡RёSЃR»Rѕ R¶RµSЂS‚RI: "R R°S…SѓSЋS‡Rё S‚RёS…, S‰Rѕ S—S… R±SѓR»Rѕ SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRѕ RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†SЏS… RIS–Rg S‚RµSЂRѕSЂSѓ, RyeRѕR»Rё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ RIRgRµSЂR»RѕSЃSЏ RgRѕ RјS–SЃS‚R° … R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅSѓ S†RёS„SЂSѓ R¶RµSЂS‚RѕRI RIS–Rg R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїSѓ RЅR° RљRёS—RI RЅR°RISЂSЏRg S‡Rё RјRѕR¶RЅR° RIRIR°R¶R°S‚Rё R±S–R»SЊS€Sѓ RЅR°Rg 1500-2000 S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–RyeR°".

R§R»RµRЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё R›RµRѕRЅR°SЂRg R‘RѕS‡RyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№. R RѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏRЅRёR№ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё Sѓ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ. RњR°R»SЋRЅRѕRye. 1917 SЂ.

Rђ S‚R°Rye RїRёSЃR°RI SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRye S– SЃRIS–RgRѕRye RїRѕRgS–R№ RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂ RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIRѕR»SЊS‡RёS… SЃRїSЂR°RI RЈRќR  RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RљRѕRIR°R»RµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№:

"RЈ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ, RgRµ SЃS‚RѕSЏRI SЃR°RјS–S‚RЅRёR№ S†R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°R»R°S†, SѓSЂSЏRgSѓRIR°RI S€S‚R°R± RњSѓSЂR°RIR№RѕRIR° S– R§Rљ RїS–Rg RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRѕRј R·R°RIR¶RgRё Rї’SЏRЅRѕRiRѕ S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚R° RџRѕR»SѓSЏRЅRѕRIR°. RЎSЋRgRё R·RIRѕR·RёR»Rё S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕRiRIR°SЂRgS–R№S†S– R°SЂRµS€S‚RѕRIR°RЅRёS… RyeRёSЏRЅ S– S‚SѓS‚ R¶Rµ RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ S—S… SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЋRIR°R»Rё.

… R§RёSЃR»Rѕ R¶RµSЂS‚RI R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚RµSЂRѕSЂSѓ RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ SѓSЃS‚R°R»RµRЅRµ, R°R»Rµ RIRѕRЅRѕ SЃSЏRiR°R»Rѕ RЅR° RїS–RgSЃS‚R°RIS– RЅR°S€RёS… RѕR±SЂR°S…SѓRЅRyeS–RI S‰RѕRЅR°R№RјRµRЅS€Rµ Rї’SЏS‚Rё-S€RµSЃS‚Rё S‚RёSЃSЏS‡. RљRёS—RI R·R°RїR»R°S‚RёRI RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ S†S–RЅSѓ R·R° S†Rµ RїRµSЂS€Rµ R·RЅR°R№RѕRјSЃS‚RIRѕ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё".

Rђ S†Rµ SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ SЂRѕSЃS–SЏRЅRёRЅR°:

"R RѕR·RyeRёRgR°RЅS– RЅR° RїR»RѕS‰S– S– RїRѕ RgRѕSЂS–R¶RyeR°S… RїR°SЂRyeSѓ SЂRѕR·RgSЏRiRЅRµRЅS– S‚S–R»R°, RјS–R¶ SЏRyeRёRјRё R±SЂRѕRgRёR»Rё RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅS– SЃRѕR±R°RyeRё; RISЃSЋRgRё RyeSЂRѕRI, RїSЂRѕSЃRѕS‡RµRЅRёR№ SЃRЅS–Ri, R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R»RµR¶R°R»Rё R· RISЃSѓRЅSѓS‚RёRј RI SЂRѕS‚ "S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёRј RyeRIRёS‚RyeRѕRј" Sѓ RgRµSЏRyeRёS… RїR°R»SЊS†S– R±SѓR»Rё SЃRyeR»R°RgRµRЅS– RgR»SЏ S…SЂRµSЃS‚R°.

… RђR»Rµ RЅRµ RISЃS‚RёRiR»R° S‰Rµ R·RµRјR»SЏ SѓRIS–R±SЂR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕR»RёS‚Sѓ RyeSЂRѕRI, SЏRye RЅRѕRIR° RIR»R°RgR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°R»R° 3 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ, S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ S‡RµSЂRµR· S‚RёR¶RgRµRЅSЊ, R· RIRµR»RёRyeRѕSЋ RїRѕRјRїRѕSЋ S†RёRIS–R»SЊRЅS– RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅRё "R¶RµSЂS‚RI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S—". RGRѕRIR°R»Rё 300 R»SЋRgRµR№, RI R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– RЅRµRIRїS–R·RЅR°RЅRёS… RЅRµRIRёRЅRЅRёS… R¶RµSЂS‚RI…".

R’R»R°SЃRЅRµ R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ R· S‚RёS…, S‰Rѕ R±SѓR»Rё RѕRїS–R·RЅR°RЅS–, SЂRѕRgRёS‡S– S…RѕRIR°R»Rё SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRѕ RЅR° RјS–SЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰R°S….

R’ R±RµSЂRµR·RЅS– 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RљRёS”RIR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё R±SѓR»R° RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅR° RµRyeSЃRiSѓRјR°S†S–SЏ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅSЊ.

RћRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RI RїSЂRµSЃS– 6 (19) R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RЅR°RyeR°R· RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјRµRЅRgR°RЅS‚R° RљRѕSЃS‚SЏRЅS‚RёRЅR° RџSЂS–SЃRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏRI, S‰Rѕ "RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RI RљRёS”RIS– RїRѕ SѓSЃS–S… SѓSЃSЋRgR°S… R·RѕSЃS‚R°R»RѕSЃSЏ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S‚SЂSѓRїS–RI SѓR±S–S”RЅRёS…, RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, SЏRyeS– RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅS– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёRј SѓSЂSЏRgRѕRј.

RџRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅ R¶RµSЂS‚RI RIS–RgR±SѓRgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ 10 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ. RўRѕRјSѓ RЅR°RyeR°R·SѓSЋ RњS–SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃR°RјRѕRISЂSЏRgSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЋ S– RISЃS–Rј RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅR°Rј RIR¶RёS‚Rё RISЃS–S… R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI, S‰RѕR± S‚SЂSѓRїRё R±SѓR»Rё R·RЅRµSЃRµRЅS– RI R°RЅR°S‚RѕRјS–S‡RЅRёR№ S‚RµR°S‚SЂ S– RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeSѓ R»S–RyeR°SЂRЅSЋ S–, RїRѕ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕSЃS‚S–, RѕRїS–R·RЅR°RЅS–".

R“R°R·RµS‚RЅRµ RѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЋ RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅSѓ "R¶RµSЂS‚RI RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё"

R—R°R·RЅR°S‡RёRјRѕ, S‰Rѕ S‚RѕRgS– R¶ R·RЅR°S‡RЅSѓ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅSѓ R¶RµSЂS‚RI R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRiSЂRѕRјSѓ RI RљRёS”RIS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRѕ RI S–RЅS€RѕRјSѓ RјS–SЃS†S– – RЅR° R—RIS–SЂRёRЅS†S– "RЅR° RЅRѕRIRѕRјSѓ R±SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰S–, RgRµ RI R±SЂR°S‚SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RјRѕRiRёR»S– R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅS– SѓSЃS– R·R°RiRёR±R»S–".

RљRѕRiRѕ RIRgR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RѕRїS–R·RЅR°S‚Rё SЂRѕRgRёS‡R°Rј, S‚Rѕ S—S… RїRµSЂRµRїRѕS…RѕRIR°R»Rё RЅR° RјS–SЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS‰R°S…. R§R°SЃS‚RёRЅSѓ R¶Rµ RIR±RёS‚RёS… RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–RgSЃRїS–RISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·R°R»RёS€RёR»Rё RI RјRѕRiRёR»S– RI RїR°SЂRyeSѓ, RЅR° SЏRyeS–R№ SѓSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rё S…SЂRµSЃS‚R°.

RџRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R¶RµSЂS‚RI S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕRiRѕ S‚RµSЂRѕSЂSѓ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RЅR°RїS–RISЃS‚RёS…S–R№RЅRѕ S– S…R°RѕS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ. R’RёR·RЅR°S‡RёS‚Rё S‡RёSЃR»Rѕ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRёS… R¶RµSЂS‚RI RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeRѕRIS– RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ, R№RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ RѕRgRЅSѓ-RgRIS– S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S–, S‚R°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ RЅRµ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ R»RѕRyeR°R»S–R·SѓRIR°S‚Rё RјS–SЃS†SЏ S†RёS… RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅSЊ.

R—R° SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRјRё RѕS‡RµRIRёRgS†SЏ RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё RџRѕR»RµS‚RёRyeRё, RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂRye R±SѓRI RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRёR№ RI RјRѕRiRёR»SЊRЅRёRye, "S‚SЂSѓRїRЅRёR№ R·R°RїR°S… RgRIR° SЂRѕRyeRё RѕS‚SЂSѓSЋRIR°RI RїRѕRIS–S‚SЂSЏ RgR»SЏ RјRµS€RyeR°RЅS†S–RI R†RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— S– RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RISѓR»RёS†SЊ".

R¦Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°SЃS‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RЅRµSЃS‚RµSЂRїRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RyeRёSЏRЅRё RЅRµRѕRgRЅRѕSЂR°R·RѕRIRѕ R·RIRµSЂS‚R°R»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ RјS–SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё R· RїSЂRѕS…R°RЅRЅSЏRј RIR¶RёS‚Rё RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRёS… R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ "SѓSЂRѕS‡RёSЃS‚RёS…" RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅS–RI R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅSЊ, RIRyeR»SЋS‡RЅRѕ R· SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRёRјRё RјRѕRiRёR»R°RјRё RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeRѕRIS– RЅRµ RgRѕRiR»SЏRgR°R»RёSЃSЏ, RїRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRѕRIRѕ R·R°RЅRµRїR°RgR°R»Rё. RќR° RјRѕRiRёR»R°S… RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°RgRiSЂRѕR±RЅRёS… RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRyeS–RI. RќRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RµR»RµRјRµRЅS‚R°SЂRЅRёS… S‚R°R±R»RёS‡RѕRye.

R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° RЅRµ RјRѕRiR»R° RgR±R°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ RјRѕRiRёR»Rё R·R°S…RёSЃRЅRёRyeS–RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕSЃS‚S–, RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёS…, SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RїSЂRёRgSѓS€RµRЅRЅSЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёS… R·R°RyeRѕR»RѕS‚S–RI S‚RѕS‰Rѕ.

R‘S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RЅRµ RgSѓR¶Rµ S‚Rѕ R№ RgR±R°R»R° S– RїSЂRѕ RјRѕRiRёR»Rё "SЃRIRѕS—S…". RџRѕSЃS‚SѓRїRѕRIRѕ RїSЂRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRёS… R·R°R±SѓRIR°R»Rё. R”Rѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ R¶ RѕRyeSЂRµRјS– R· RЅRёS… R· S‡R°SЃRѕRј RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёR»Rё RI RyeR°S‚RµRiRѕSЂS–SЋ, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RЅRµ "RIRѕSЂRѕRiS–RI RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ", S‚Rѕ RgRѕ S‡RёSЃR»R° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕ "RЅRµR±R»R°RiRѕRЅR°RgS–R№RЅRёS…" S‚RѕS‰Rѕ.

RљR°SЂRgRёRЅR°R»SЊRЅS– R·RјS–RЅRё RЅR°SЃS‚R°R»Rё RyeRѕR»Rё 1934 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†SЏ RЈRЎR R  RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓR»R°SЃSЏ R· RGR°SЂRyeRѕRIR° RgRѕ RљRёS”RIR°. R”RѕSЃRёS‚SЊ RѕRїRµSЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕ S†RµSЂRyeRISѓ SЂRѕR·S–R±SЂR°R»Rё.

RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂS–RISЃSЊRyeR° S†RµSЂRyeRIR° Sѓ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ. S„RѕS‚Rѕ. RџRѕS‡R°S‚RѕRye RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

RўRµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ SЂRµRyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓSЋRIR°R»Rё. RќRµRyeSЂRѕRїRѕR»SЊ R·R° RIRyeR°R·S–RIRyeRѕSЋ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RiR°SѓR»SЏR№S‚RµSЂR° RџR°RIR»R° RџRѕSЃS‚RёS€RµRIR° "SѓRїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeSѓRIR°R»Rё". R¤R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·SЂS–RIRЅSЏR»Rё RјRѕRiRёR»Rё S– RїRѕRyeR»R°RgRё S‚R°Rј R°SЃS„R°R»SЊS‚ S‚R° RIRёSЃR°RgRёR»Rё RyeSѓS‰S–.

RўRѕR¶ RїRµSЂRµRg R”SЂSѓRiRѕSЋ SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕSЋ RIS–R№RЅRѕSЋ RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeRѕRIS– R·R°R»RёS€RёR»RёSЃSЏ RѕRgRЅR° SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° RјRѕRiRёR»R° – RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgR° 1917 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, SЃRyeSЂRѕRјRЅRёR№ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRye R·R°RiRёR±R»RёRј RI RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S‚R° RyeRµRЅRѕS‚R°S„ RЅR° RјRѕRiRёR»S– RђRЅRgSЂS–SЏ R†RIR°RЅRѕRIR°.

RЈ S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё, SЏRye RIRyeR°R·SѓS” SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RgR¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ, "RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕ-S„R°S€RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeS– R·R°RiR°SЂR±RЅRёRyeRё RI RїRµSЂS–RѕRg S‚RёRјS‡R°SЃRѕRIRѕS— RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— R·SЂS–RIRЅSЏR»Rё RјRѕRiRёR»Rё R·RµRјR»RµSЋ, R° RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRyeRё R·SЂSѓR№RЅSѓRIR°R»Rё".

RўRѕRgS– R¶ R±SѓR»Rё RgRµRјRѕRЅS‚RѕRIR°RЅS– S–RЅS€S– R·RЅR°RyeRё S– SЃRёRјRIRѕR»Rё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRµR¶RёRјSѓ, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR° R№ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRye-RiR°SЂRјR°S‚Sѓ RЅR° RђSЂSЃRµRЅR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїR»RѕS‰S–.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё S†S– S‚SЂRё RјRµRјRѕSЂS–R°R»SЊRЅS– RѕR±’S”RyeS‚Rё R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ RЅRµ RїSЂRёRI’SЏR·SѓSЋS‡Rё S—S… RgRѕ SЂRµR°R»SЊRЅRёS… RјS–SЃS†SЊ RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ, S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ S†Rµ RyeRµRЅRѕS‚R°S„Rё S‚R° RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRyeRё SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕ-R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RџRѕSЂR° S‰RѕSЃSЊ RјS–RЅSЏS‚Rё.

RЁRёSЂS€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RїRѕRgS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— 1917-1921 SЂRѕRyeS–RI S‚R° RїRѕS…RѕRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RI RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RїR°SЂRyeRѕRIS– RјRѕR¶RЅR° RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёS‚RёSЃSЏ RI RyeRЅRёR·S– RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂR° RљSѓS‡RµSЂSѓRyeR° "RќRµRyeSЂRѕRїRѕR»SЊ RњR°SЂS–S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїR°SЂRyeSѓ", S‰Rѕ RIRёR№S€R»R° RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– 2018 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R» RџRµS‚SЂRѕ R“SЂRёRiRѕSЂRµRЅRyeRѕ. RўR°RISЂS–SЏ, RњRѕSЃRyeRIR°, "RїSЃRёS…SѓS€RyeR°", RќSЊSЋ-R™RѕSЂRye

R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RѕS„S–S†RµSЂ, RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚, R°RЅS‚RёSЃS‚R°R»S–RЅSЃS‚, R¶RµSЂS‚RIR° RyeR°SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїSЃRёS…S–R°S‚SЂS–S—, R·R°S…RёSЃRЅRёRye S– RgSЂSѓRi RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRѕS‚R°S‚R°SЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ, S‡R»RµRЅ RњRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕS— R“RµR»SЊSЃS–RЅRyeSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R“SЂSѓRїRё S– R—R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RџSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR° RЈR“R“, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ SЃRёRЅ, S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye S– R±R°S‚SЊRyeRѕ vЂ“ S†Rµ R»RёS€Rµ S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° SЂRѕR»RµR№, SЏRyeS– RgRѕRIRµR»RѕSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕR¶RёS‚Rё SѓSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅS†SЋ R—R°RїRѕSЂS–R¶R¶SЏ.

RќR°S‡Rµ RїRѕRgRёS… RIS–S‚SЂSѓ. R§RѕSЂS‚RyeS–RISЃSЊRyeR° RѕS„RµRЅR·RёRIR° R“R°R»RёS†SЊRyeRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— 1919 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

R§RѕSЂS‚RyeS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїSЂRѕR»RѕRј, SЏRye R·RiRѕRgRѕRј RѕS…SЂRµSЃS‚RёR»Rё S†RµR№ R±S–R№, RЅR°S‡Rµ RїRѕRgRёS… RIS–S‚SЂSѓ, S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR·RgRјSѓS…R°RI R¶R°SЂ RїS–Rg RїRѕRїRµR»RѕRј, SЂR°RgRёRyeR°R»SЊRЅRѕ R·RјS–RЅRёRI RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS— R°SЂRјS–S— S‚R° SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIR°. RџRѕRISЃSЋRgRё RIS–RgS‡SѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RјRѕRiSѓS‚RЅS” RјRѕSЂR°R»SЊRЅRµ RїS–RgRЅRµSЃRµRЅRЅSЏ, SЏRyeRµ SЃSѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeRё SЃRїSЂR°RIRµRgR»RёRIRѕ RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЋRIR°R»Rё R· R’RµR»RёRyeRѕRgRЅRµRј. R—RЅRёRyeR»Rѕ RgRµR·RµSЂS‚RёSЂSЃS‚RIRѕ, RЅR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° S‚RёSЃSЏS‡R°RјRё R·RiRѕR»RѕS€SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIRѕR»SЊS†S–.

R’S–Rg S‚SЋSЂRјRё RgRѕ R±SѓR»R°RIRё: SЏRye RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° RѕS‡RѕR»RёRI RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅR°

R©RѕR№RЅRѕ RIRёR№S€RѕRIS€Rё S–R· R›SѓRyevЂ™SЏRЅS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RIvЂ™SЏR·RЅRёS†S– RЎRёRјRѕRЅ RџRµS‚R»SЋSЂR° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·SѓRIR°RI R°RЅS‚RёRiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ. RќR° S†Rµ R№RѕRјSѓ R·RЅR°RgRѕR±RёR»RѕSЃSЊ S‚SЂRѕS…Rё RјRµRЅS€Rµ S‚RёR¶RЅSЏ.

V«RџR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚ SЃRISЏS‚RёS…V». RЇRye RћR»S–RIRµSЂ RљSЂRѕRјRIRµR»SЊ V«RЅRѕRIS– RѕR±R»RёS‡S‡SЏV» S€SѓRyeR°RI

R›R°RјR±RµSЂS‚ S€RIRёRgRyeRѕ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI, S‰Rѕ R·RЅSѓS‰R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR°Rg RЅRµRgRѕSЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚S–RI RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– R»RёS€Rµ RgRѕRgR°SЋS‚SЊ S—Rј RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅRѕSЃS‚S–, R°RgR¶Rµ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR° R±R°S‡RёS‚SЊ RI RЅRёS… V«S‚R°RyeRёS…, SЏRye RIRѕRЅR° SЃR°RјR°V». RўRѕR¶ S‚RµRїRµSЂ R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ S†S–R»RyeRѕRј S–RЅS€RёRј vЂ“ RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°S‚Rё, S‰Rѕ RI RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚S– R·S–R±SЂR°R»RёSЃSЏ R»SЋRgRё RЅRµR·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»S– R№ RїS–RgRѕR·SЂS–R»S– vЂ“ SЂRµR»S–RiS–R№RЅS– S„R°RЅR°S‚RёRyeRё, RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅS– SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅS– RµRyeSЃRїRµSЂRёRјRµRЅS‚R°S‚RѕSЂRё, RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS– R·RјRѕRIRЅRёRyeRё.