RЈRїS–RIRµS†SЊ R›R°RgR·SЊRѕ R“S–SЂRЅRёRye: R°SЂS…S–RIRё RўRµSЂRЅRѕRїS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЎR‘RЈ

R”S–RgSѓ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ 25. R’R»R°RgRёRye RїSЂRѕR±SѓRI Sѓ RIvЂ™SЏR·RЅRёS†S– S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° S‚RёR¶RЅS–RI vЂ“ SЂR°R·RѕRј R·S– SЃRїS–RIRyeR°RјRµSЂRЅRёRyeRѕRј RIRѕRЅRё RIS‚RµRyeR»Rё SЃRµSЂRµRg RЅRѕS‡S–: RIRёR»R°RјR°R»Rё RgRѕS€RyeSѓ R· RїS–RgR»RѕRiRё R№ RЅRµSЋ RїS–RgRIR°R¶RёR»Rё S‚SЋSЂRµRјRЅS– T‘SЂR°S‚Rё. R”RѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚ RїSЂRѕ RIS‚RµS‡Sѓ S‚RµR¶ S” Sѓ SЃRїSЂR°RIS–.

R¦SЊRѕRiRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ RgS–RgRѕRIS– R’R»R°RgRёRyeSѓ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rѕ R± 87. RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ RIR¶Rµ S‡RIRµSЂS‚SЊ SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ R№RѕRiRѕ RЅRµRјR°S” R· RЅR°RјRё. 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI 10 RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI S– 25 RgRЅS–RI S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–RI R·R±R°RIRёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ R·RgRѕSЂRѕRI’SЏ.

R”S–Rg R·R°RIR¶RgRё R±SѓRI SЃRёR»SЊRЅRёRј S– RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRёRј. RЈSЃS– RI SЃRµR»S– R·RЅR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ SЃRёRgS–RI Sѓ S‚SЋSЂRјS– R·R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ. RњRµRЅS– 8-SЂS–S‡RЅRѕRјSѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ RiRµS‚SЊ RЅRµ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rѕ, S‡RѕRјSѓ R·R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RyeRёRgR°R»Rё RgRѕ RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S–.

R’R»R°RgRёSЃR»R°RI R“S–SЂRЅRёRye 

RЈ SЂRѕRgRёRЅS– RїSЂRѕ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ RgS–RgR° RЅRµ RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёR»Rё. R”R»SЏ RјR°RјRё R№ S‚S–S‚RyeRё S†SЏ S‚RµRјR° – S‚R°R±Sѓ, R°RgR¶Rµ RISЃRµ SЃRIRѕS” RgRёS‚RёRЅSЃS‚RIRѕ S‚R° SЋRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RIRѕRЅRё R±SѓR»Rё RgRѕS‡RyeR°RјRё "RIRѕSЂRѕRiR° RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ". R¦Rµ RїRѕR·RЅR°S‡RёR»RѕSЃSЊ S– RЅR° RISЃS‚SѓRїS– RgRѕ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ, S– RЅR° RyeR°SЂ’S”SЂS–. RџSЂR°R±R°R±S†SЏ RњR°SЂS–SЏ SЏRye RјR°S‚Rё "RIRѕSЂRѕRiR° RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ" RIS–RgR±SѓR»R° R·R°SЃR»R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR° RЎR°S…R°R»S–RЅS–, R° RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RI SЂS–RgRЅRµ SЃRµR»Rѕ S—R№ R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRёR»Rё RѕS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°S‚Rё RїRµRЅSЃS–SЋ.

RќR°R№SЏSЃRyeSЂR°RIS–S€RёR№ SЃRїRѕRiR°Rg RїSЂRѕ RgS–RgR° – R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅ. R”S–RgR° R’RѕR»RѕRgSЋ S…RѕRIR°R»Rё, SЏRye RЅS–RyeRѕRiRѕ RI SЃRµR»S–. R‘SѓR»R° RIR°SЂS‚R° RI SѓRїS–RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ S„RѕSЂRјS–, SЃS‚SЏRiRё. R‘SѓRI S– S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕ-S‡RѕSЂRЅRёR№ RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂ. RЇRyeS–SЃSЊ RїRѕRIR°R¶RЅS– R»SЋRgRё RIRёRiRѕR»RѕS€SѓRIR°R»Rё RїSЂRѕRјRѕRIRё.

R”SѓS…RѕRIRёR№ RѕSЂRyeRµSЃS‚SЂ SЃSѓRїSЂRѕRIRѕRgR¶SѓRIR°RI RgS–RgR° RI RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЋ RїSѓS‚SЊ. R™RѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgR¶R°R»Rѕ S‡Rё RЅRµ RISЃRµ SЃRµR»Rѕ. RђR»Rµ S‚RѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ SЏ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RѕRgRЅRµ: RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° R±SѓRgRµ, R° RgS–RgR° R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RЅRµRјR°.

 "R”S–RgR° R’RѕR»RѕRgSЋ S…RѕRIR°R»Rё, SЏRye RЅS–RyeRѕRiRѕ RI SЃRµR»S–. R‘SѓR»R° RIR°SЂS‚R° RI SѓRїS–RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ S„RѕSЂRјS–, SЃS‚SЏRiRё. R‘SѓRI S– S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕ-S‡RѕSЂRЅRёR№ RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂ. RЇRyeS–SЃSЊ RїRѕRIR°R¶RЅS– R»SЋRgRё RIRёRiRѕR»RѕS€SѓRIR°R»Rё RїSЂRѕRјRѕRIRё". 

RќRµS‰RѕRgR°RIRЅRѕ RgS–R·RЅR°R»RёSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR·SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‡RµRЅRѕ R°SЂS…S–RIRё RЎR‘RЈ. R—RЅR°R№RѕRјS– RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё S€SѓRyeR°S‚Rё SЃRїSЂR°RIRё SЃRIRѕS—S… SЂRѕRgRёS‡S–RI. R† RјRё RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё R·RЅR°R№S‚Rё RgS–RgRѕRISѓ SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ. R¦Rµ RIRёSЏRIRёR»RѕSЃSЏ RЅRµSЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕ: RѕRgRёRЅ RgR·RIS–RЅRѕRye RgRѕ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ RЎR‘RЈ RI RўRµSЂRЅRѕRїS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S–, RѕRgRЅRµ R·RIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ, RgRIR° S‚RёR¶RЅS– RѕS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ – S– SЃRїSЂR°RIR° RI RљRёS”RIS–.

R”S–RgR° R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё RјR°R№R¶Rµ RѕRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RїS–SЃR»SЏ RyeR°RїS–S‚SѓR»SЏS†S–S— RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅRё. RЈR·SЏR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ 19 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ Sѓ RyeSЂRёS—RIS†S–, Sѓ R№RѕRiRѕ SЂS–RgRЅRѕRјSѓ SЃRµR»S– RљR°R±R°SЂS–RIS†S–, S‰Rѕ RЅR° RўRµSЂRЅRѕRїS–R»SЊS‰RёRЅS–. RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R·R°S‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRЅSЏ RgS–Rg RIRёSЃS‚SЂRµR»RёRI SЃRѕR±S– RI RiRѕR»RѕRISѓ, RїRѕSЂR°RЅRёRI S‰RµR»RµRїSѓ. R R°RЅR° RIRёSЏRIRёR»R°SЃSЏ RЅRµSЃRјRµSЂS‚RµR»SЊRЅRѕSЋ.

RљRѕR»Rё RјRµRЅS– RI RgRёS‚RёRЅSЃS‚RIS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RgS–Rg R’R»R°RgRёRye S…RѕS‚S–RI SѓR±RёS‚Rё SЃRµR±Rµ, S‰RѕR± RЅRµ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёS‚Rё RgRѕ S‡RµRyeS–SЃS‚S–RI, RЅRµ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RIS‡RёRЅRyeSѓ RIR·R°RiR°R»S–. R—R°SЂR°R· R¶Rµ, RyeRѕR»Rё RyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RIRѕSЋS”, SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–SЋ, S‰Rѕ S‚Rѕ R±SѓRI RgSѓR¶Rµ SЃRјS–R»RёRIRёR№ RyeSЂRѕRye.

RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R·R°S‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRЅSЏ RI RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RIRёR»SѓS‡RёR»Rё RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёR№ RїS–SЃS‚RѕR»RµS‚ S‚R° R°RIS‚RѕRјR°S‚, S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R·RЅR°R№S€R»Rё RЅR°R±RѕS—. RЈ RїSЂRѕS‚RѕRyeRѕR»S– R·R°S‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRЅSЏ R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RISЃS‚SѓRїRёRI Sѓ R±R°RЅRgSѓ R№ R±RѕSЂRѕRISЃSЏ R·R° "SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ". RЎR»SЊRѕR·Rё RЅR°RIRµSЂRЅSѓR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° RѕS‡S–, RyeRѕR»Rё S‡RёS‚R°RI S†S– SЂSЏRgRyeRё.

 RђRyeS‚ RїSЂRѕ RIS‚RµS‡Sѓ R°SЂRµS€S‚RѕRIR°RЅRёS… RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RI RЇSЃRЅRѕRiRѕ S– R“S–SЂRЅRёRyeR° R· RyeR°RјRµSЂRё RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕRiRѕ SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R—R°R»RѕR¶S†S–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂR°R№RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ RќRљR’R” 2 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1945 SЂRѕRyeSѓ

R”R°R»S– R±SѓR»Rѕ SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ. R”S–RgSѓ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ 25. R’R»R°RgRёRye RїSЂRѕR±SѓRI Sѓ RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S– S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° S‚RёR¶RЅS–RI – SЂR°R·RѕRј R·S– SЃRїS–RIRyeR°RјRµSЂRЅRёRyeRѕRј RIRѕRЅRё RIS‚RµRyeR»Rё SЃRµSЂRµRg RЅRѕS‡S–: RIRёR»R°RјR°R»Rё RgRѕS€RyeSѓ R· RїS–RgR»RѕRiRё R№ RЅRµSЋ RїS–RgRIR°R¶RёR»Rё S‚SЋSЂRµRјRЅS– T‘SЂR°S‚Rё. R”RѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚ RїSЂRѕ RIS‚RµS‡Sѓ S‚RµR¶ S” Sѓ SЃRїSЂR°RIS–.

R”S–Rg RїRµSЂRµS…RѕRISѓRIR°RISЃSЏ RјR°R№R¶Rµ RїS–RISЂRѕRyeSѓ. RЎSѓSЃS–RgRё SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°R»Rё RјRµRЅS–, S‰Rѕ S…RѕRIR°RISЃSЏ RIS–RЅ RЅR° SЃS‚SЂS–S…R°S….

RЈRgSЂSѓRiRµ RgS–RgR° R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– R S–R·RgRIR° – 5 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1946 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R—RЅR°R№S€R»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RIRgRѕRјR°.

RЈ SЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RIS–RgR±SѓRISЃSЏ SЃSѓRg. R’RёSЂRѕRye – SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R». RЇ R±SѓRI RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ S€RѕRyeRѕRIR°RЅRёR№. RЈ RЅR°SЃ SѓRgRѕRјR° RїSЂRѕ S†Rµ RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё RЅRµ R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°R»Rё.

 RљRIRёS‚ (RyeRIRёS‚R°RЅS†S–SЏ) R· RїS–RgRїRёSЃRѕRј "RљRѕR·R°Rye" - RїSЃRµRIRgRѕRЅS–Rј R›R°RgR·SЏ R“S–SЂRЅRёRyeR°

RЈ RїSЂRѕS‚RѕRyeRѕR»R°S… RgRѕRїRёS‚S–RI S–RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ R±SѓRI SѓR¶Rµ SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRЅRёRyeRѕRј: R·R±RёSЂR°RI RgR°RЅS– RgR»SЏ SѓRїS–RIS†S–RI R· RЅR°RIRyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–S… SЃS–R» – RљSѓRgRѕR±RёRЅS†S–RI, RљSѓRgRёRЅS–RIS†S–RI, RњR»RёRЅS–RIS†S–RI. R’ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRµ RїSЂRѕRIR°RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅR° SЃSѓRgS– RIRёRgS–R»RёR»Rё SЃRїSЂR°RIRё RѕRgRЅRѕSЃRµR»SЊS‡R°RЅ RџRµS‚SЂR° RњRµR»SЊRЅRёRyeR° S‚R° RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё RњR°R»R°RЅS‡SѓRyeR°.

R”S–Rg R’R»R°RgRёRye RїSЂRѕSЃRёRI RїSЂRѕ RїRѕRјRёR»SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ. RЈ R»RёSЃS‚S– RgRѕ R’RµSЂS…RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RЎSѓRgSѓ RIS–RЅ RїRёSЃR°RI, S‰Rѕ RЅRµ R·R°RIRgR°RI R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S€RyeRѕRgRё, R±Rѕ R±SѓRI SЂSЏRgRѕRIRёRј.

RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RISЂR°R·RёRI SЂRµS‡RѕRIRёR№ RgRѕRyeR°R·. R¦Rµ S”RgRёRЅRёR№ RgRѕRyeR°R· Sѓ SЃRїSЂR°RIS– RgS–RgR°. RЈ RyeRѕRЅRIRµSЂS‚RёRyeSѓ, R·SЂRѕR±R»RµRЅRѕRјSѓ R· R°SЂRyeSѓS€R° R· RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRѕSЋ SЃRyeSЂS–RїRѕRye, – S†RёRgSѓR»RyeR°, RЅR° SЏRyeS–R№ R·RIRµSЂS…Sѓ RЅR°RїRёSЃR°RЅRѕ: "RљRѕR·R°Rye". RЎR°RјRµ S‚R°RyeRёRј R±SѓR»Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RїSЃRµRIRgRѕ.

 RљRIRёS‚ R±SѓRI RIRёRїRёSЃR°RЅRёR№ RЅR° 8600 RyeR°SЂR±RѕRIR°RЅS†S–RI, SЏRyeS– "RљRѕR·R°Rye" R·S–R±SЂR°RI R·S– SЃRIRѕRiRѕ RyeSѓS‰R° (RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕS… SЃS–R») RћRЈRќ RЅR° RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±Rё RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ

RЈ SЃRїSЂR°RIS– S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ "RњSѓSЂ’SЏRЅ" S– RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RIS–RЅ Sѓ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgS– "RGRIRёR»S–".

RљR»RѕRїRѕS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RgS–RgR° RISЂR°S…SѓRIR°R»Rё. R RѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R» R·R°RјS–RЅRёR»Rё RЅR° 15 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RyeR°S‚RѕSЂR¶RЅRёS… SЂRѕR±S–S‚. RЈ S‚SЋSЂRјS– RgS–Rg S‚RµR¶ RїSЂRѕSЃRёRI RїSЂRѕ RїRµSЂRµRiR»SЏRg RIRёSЂRѕRyeSѓ. RЎS‚SЂRѕRye R·RјRµRЅS€RёR»Rё RgRѕ 10 SЂRѕRyeS–RI. R‘SѓR»Rё R№ RIS–RgRјRѕRIRё RI RїRµSЂRµRiR»SЏRgS–.

R“S–SЂRЅRёRye RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°RI RїRѕRyeR°SЂR°RЅRЅSЏ RI S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°S… RќRѕSЂRёR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° RљSЂR°SЃRЅRѕSЏSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeSЂR°SЋ. R”S–Rg SѓRyeSЂR°R№ SЂS–RgRyeRѕ R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI RїSЂRѕ RyeR°S‚RѕSЂRiSѓ, SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°RI, S‰Rѕ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅR° R±SѓRgS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIS–.

R’RёSЂRѕRye R’S–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRiRѕ S‚SЂRёR±SѓRЅR°R»Sѓ RIS–R№SЃSЊRye RќRљR’R” RўRµSЂRЅRѕRїS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S– R’R»R°RgRёSЃR»R°RISѓ R“S–SЂRЅRёRyeSѓ, SЏRyeRёR№ RI SЃRµSЂRїRЅS– 1944 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RISЃS‚SѓRїRёRI RI RЈRџRђ , R° RI R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgS– S‚RѕRiRѕ R¶ SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃS‚R°RI SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRЅRёRyeRѕRј SЂR°R№RѕRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ RћRЈRќ. RџRµSЂS€R° SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeR°

RџRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ R›R°RgR·SЊRѕ R“S–SЂRЅRёRye (S‚R°Rye R№RѕRiRѕ RISЃS– RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»Rё RI SЃRµR»S–) Sѓ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅS– 1957 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RњR°R№R¶Rµ RѕRgSЂR°R·Sѓ RѕRgSЂSѓR¶RёRISЃSЏ. RњRѕSЏ R±R°R±S†SЏ RћR»SЏ S‡RµRyeR°R»R° RЅR° RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ S–R· R·R°SЃR»R°RЅRЅSЏ. R’RѕRЅRё R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡R°R»RёSЃSЏ S‰Rµ RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, SЏRye RgS–Rg RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёRI RgRѕ RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S–. R RѕRgRёS‡S– SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RїSЂRёRiSЂRѕR·RёRI R±R°R±SѓSЃS– SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЋ, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RЅRµ RgRѕS‡RµRyeR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R№RѕRiRѕ R№ RїS–RgRµ RїS–Rg RIS–RЅRµS†SЊ R· S–RЅS€RёRј. RћS‚Rѕ RIRѕRЅR° RЅR° RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ R№ S‡RµRyeR°R»R°.

RџS–SЃR»SЏ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R· SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RgS–RgSѓ R“S–SЂRЅRёRyeSѓ R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRёR»Rё RјRµS€RyeR°S‚Rё RЅR° RўRµSЂRЅRѕRїS–R»SЊS‰RёRЅS–. R’S–RgRїSЂR°RIRёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR° R”RѕRЅRµS‡S‡RёRЅSѓ, RgRµ RIS–RЅ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂRѕRyeS–RI RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI Sѓ S€R°S…S‚S–.

R”Rѕ SЂS–RgRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRµR»R° RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RЅRµR·R°RgRѕRIRiRѕ RgRѕ 1960-RiRѕ. RќRµRIRgRѕRIR·S– RI RgS–RgR° RѕRgRЅR° R·R° RѕRgRЅRѕSЋ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёR»RёSЃSЏ RgRIRѕS” RgRѕS‡RѕRye – RћRyeSЃR°RЅR° S‚R° R›RµSЃSЏ. R”RѕRЅSЊRyeRё RїRѕRgR°SЂSѓRIR°R»Rё R№RѕRјSѓ 4-S… RѕRЅSѓRyeS–RI.

 R”SЂSѓRiR° SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeR° RIRёSЂRѕRyeSѓ

R RµR°R±S–R»S–S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° R“S–SЂRЅRёRyeR° S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё 1991 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R”RѕRIS–RgRyeSѓ RїSЂRѕ SЂRµR°R±S–R»S–S‚R°S†S–SЋ RIS–RЅ RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI R·R° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI RgRѕ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S–. RџR°Rј’SЏS‚R°SЋ, SЏRye RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ RgS–Rg S‰RѕS‚RёR¶RЅSЏ S…RѕRgRёRI RgRѕ SЂR°R№S†RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ, RgRѕ R—R±RѕSЂRѕRIR°. RќR°Rј RyeR°R·R°RI RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ: RјR°SЋ "RIS–RgRјS–S‚RёS‚RёSЃSЏ". R©Rѕ S‚Rѕ S‚R°RyeRµ, RјRё, RјR°R»S–, RЅRµ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rё. RўRµRїRµSЂ R·RЅR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ S…RѕRgRёRI Sѓ SЂR°R№RIS–RgRgS–R» RјS–R»S–S†S–S—.

RЇSЃRyeSЂR°RIRѕ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚R°SЋ RїRµSЂS€RёR№ R”RµRЅSЊ RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RўRѕRgS–, 1991-RiRѕ, SѓSЃRµ SЃRµR»Rѕ R·S–R±SЂR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RЅR° RiRѕSЂS– RЎRёRЅR°, R»SЋRgRё S…RѕRgRѕSЋ RїS–RgRЅS–RјR°R»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚RЅRёRyeR° RЎS–S‡RѕRIRёRј RЎS‚SЂS–R»SЊS†SЏRј. R”S–Rg RyeR°R·R°RI, S‰Rѕ S‡RµRyeR°RI RЅR° RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј 50 SЂRѕRyeS–RI. RЇ S‚RѕRgS– R±SѓRI RiRѕSЂRgRёRј, S‰Rѕ R№RgSѓ R· RЅRёRј R·R° SЂSѓRyeSѓ, S‰Rѕ RјS–Ri RїRѕS‚SЂRёRјR°S‚Rё RIRµR»RёRyeRёR№ RїSЂR°RїRѕSЂ. R¦Rµ R±SѓRI RїRµSЂS€RёR№ S– RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ R”RµRЅSЊ RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° R“S–SЂRЅRёRyeR°.

R”S–RgR° RїRѕS…RѕRIR°R»Rё RIR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1992 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R’S–RЅ S‚SЂRѕS…Rё RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI R±R°R±SѓSЃSЋ RћR»SЋ. RќRµ RјS–Ri R±RµR· RЅRµS—. R”SѓR¶Rµ S€RyeRѕRgR°, S‰Rѕ RЅRµ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIR»SЏRI R· RЅRёRј SЂR°RЅS–S€Rµ R°RЅS– RїSЂRѕ R·R°SЃR»R°RЅRЅSЏ, R°RЅS– RїSЂRѕ RЈRџRђ, R°RЅS– RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, SЏRye R·RgRѕR±SѓRIR°R»Rё SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

 

R”S–RgS–RI R±SЂR°S‚, SЏRye RјRё R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»Rё, RISѓR№RyeRѕ RЎR»R°RIRyeRѕ R“S–SЂRЅRёRye, S‚RµR¶ R±SѓRI Sѓ S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°S…. RЈ SЃRїSЂR°RIS– R·RЅR°R№S€RѕRI RgR°S‚Sѓ R№RѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, S‚Rѕ S‚RµR¶ S€SѓRyeR°S‚RёRјSѓ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё RI R°SЂS…S–RIS–. RђR»Rµ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ S…RѕS‡Sѓ RgS–R·RЅR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ RgRѕR»SЋ RgS–RgRѕRIRѕS— RјR°RјRё – RјRѕS”S— RїSЂR°R±R°R±S†S– RњR°SЂS–S—. RќR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё R·RЅR°SЋ, S—S— S‚RµR¶ R·R°SЃR»R°R»Rё RgRѕ RЎRёR±S–SЂSѓ S‡RµSЂRµR· S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RgRIRѕS” S—S— SЃRёRЅS–RI R±SѓR»Rё "RIRѕSЂRѕRiR°RјRё RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ". RўRµRјR° S‰RѕRgRѕ R±R°R±SѓSЃS– RIRgRѕRјR° R±SѓR»R° R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRµRЅR°. RЎRїRѕRgS–RIR°SЋSЃSЊ, RgR°RЅS– R· R°SЂS…S–RIS–RI RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ SЂRѕR·S–R±SЂR°S‚RёSЃSЊ Sѓ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S—.

R”RѕRIS–RgR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ SЂRѕRgRёS‡S–RI R·RѕRISЃS–Rј RЅRµSЃRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕ. RџRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅRѕ R·RЅR°S‚Rё RїSЂS–R·RIRёS‰Rµ R№ S–Rј’SЏ, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RgR°S‚Sѓ RЅR°SЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ. RўRµR»RµS„RѕRЅSѓS”S‚Rµ RgRѕ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ RЎR‘RЈ S‚S–S”S— RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚S–, RgRµ RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°R»R° RIR°S€R° SЂS–RgRЅSЏ. RўR°Rј RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂSЏS‚SЊ, S‡Rё S” RI RЅRёS… SЃRїSЂR°RIR°.

R”R°R»S– RїRёS€RµS‚Rµ R·RIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R· RїSЂRѕS…R°RЅRЅSЏRј RЅR°RgR°S‚Rё RyeRѕRїS–SЋ SЃRїSЂR°RIRё, RјRѕR¶RЅR° R·R°R·RЅR°S‡RёS‚Rё, RgRѕ SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ R°SЂS…S–RISѓ S—S— RїRµSЂRµRgR°S‚Rё RgR»SЏ RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ. R’R°R¶R»RёRIRѕ RIS–RgSЂR°R·Sѓ RїRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRёS‚Rё RgRѕR·RIS–R» RЅR° S„RѕS‚RѕRyeRѕRїS–SЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ. RџSЂRёR±R»RёR·RЅRѕ R·R° RgRIR° S‚RёR¶RЅS– R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёS‚RёSЃSЏ R·S– SЃRїSЂR°RIRѕSЋ. R¤R°S…S–RIS†S– R°SЂS…S–RIS–RI SЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕR±SЂRѕR·RёS‡R»RёRIRѕ, RїS–RgRyeR°R·SѓSЋS‚SЊ S– RgRѕRїRѕRјR°RiR°SЋS‚SЊ. RњRё RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёR»RёSЃSЏ R·S– SЃRїSЂR°RIRѕSЋ RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS‡RЅRѕRјSѓ R°SЂS…S–RIS– RЎR‘RЈ, S‰Rѕ RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†S– R—RѕR»RѕS‚RѕRIRѕSЂS–S‚SЃSЊRyeS–R№.

R R°RgS–SЋ, S‰Rѕ RgS–SЃS‚R°RI SЃRїSЂR°RISѓ RgS–RgR° R№ RїRѕS‡R°RI RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶SѓRIR°S‚Rё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё.

R§RёS‚R°R№S‚Rµ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶:

R’S–R·RёS‚ RgRѕ RљR”R‘ R‘S–R»RѕSЂSѓSЃS– – RїRѕ SЃRIS–R¶RёS… SЃR»S–RgR°S…

R§RѕS‚RёSЂRё SЂRѕRyeRё Sѓ RISЏR·RЅRёS†S– R·R° RIS–SЂS€ RїSЂRѕ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° - S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RјRѕRiRѕ RgS–RgSѓSЃSЏ

R—R° RїRѕRyeR»RёRyeRѕRј SЂS–RgRЅRѕS— RyeSЂRѕRIS–. R—RЅR°R№S‚Rё SЂRѕRgRёRЅRЅSѓ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RI R°SЂS…S–RIR°S… RљR“R‘

RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°

RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RјS–Ri SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё, SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё R»SЋRgRµR№ RїS–Rg R’RµSЂS…RѕRIRЅRѕSЋ R R°RgRѕSЋ: S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S–, RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeRё S‚RёSЃSЏS‡? Rђ RјRѕR¶Rµ, RISЃS– SЃS‚Rѕ S‚RёSЃSЏS‡? R”RµRїSѓS‚R°S‚Rё, SЏRyeS– RїSЂRѕS…RѕRgRёR»Rё RyeSЂS–R·SЊ RЅR°S‚RѕRIRї, RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S‡RёSЃR»R°. R‘SѓRI SЃRѕRЅSЏS‡RЅRёR№ SЃSѓR±RѕS‚RЅS–R№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye 24 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ.

100 RyeRЅRёRi RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" SЂRµRyeRѕRјRµRЅRgSѓS”

RџRµSЂRµR»S–Rye RIRёRgR°RЅSЊ, SЏRyeS– RIRёR№S€R»Rё R·R° S‡R°SЃS–RI RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– S– SЏRyeS– RgR°SЋS‚SЊ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RїS–R·RЅR°S‚Rё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RЅR°S€RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI, RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… R»SЋRgRµR№ S– SЏRIRёS‰. R† SЏRyeS– SЂRѕR±R»SЏS‚SЊ S†Rµ R· SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRI. RџRµRIRЅS–, S‰Rѕ S‡R°SЃ, RIRёS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ RЅR° S‡RёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅRµ R±SѓRgRµ RIS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёRј.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–. RќR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RyeRѕRЅS‚RёRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– vЂ” RЅR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RѕR±RѕS… RђRјRµSЂRёRye S‚R° RђRISЃS‚SЂR°R»S–S—. RўR°RyeRёRј S” RїS–RgSЃSѓRјRѕRye RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– 28-S— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё. RЇRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R·RјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј SЂRѕRyeS–RI RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–? R§RѕRјSѓ RјRё RIRїSЂRёS‚SѓR» RЅRµ RїRѕRјS–S‡R°S”RјRѕ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° vЂ” RЅRµ RЈRiR°RЅRgR°!?

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?