RџRѕSЂSѓS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S—. RЇRye RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RћRЈRќ

Rћ RїS–RI RЅR° RїRµSЂS€Sѓ RЅRѕS‡S– R· 2 RЅR° 3 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1929 SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ RiRѕS‚RµR»S– RЅR° RIS–RgRµRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RљR°RЅS‚S€S‚SЂR°SЃSЃRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rµ SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ, R· SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS‡R°R»RѕSЃSЏ RISЃRµ RI S†S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S—. R S–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏS‚Rѕ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRЅRѕ. R¦Rµ R±SѓR»R° S‚R°S”RјRЅR° R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡ RѕRgRЅRѕRgSѓRјS†S–RI.

R S–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕRgRЅRѕSЃS‚R°R№RЅRµ, R°R»Rµ RgRѕRIRѕR»S– S„RѕSЂRјR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-R±SЋSЂRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRµ: SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeRё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RЅS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏR»Rё SЃS‚R°S‚SѓS‚ RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI.

Rђ R±R»RёR¶S‡Rµ RgRѕ RїRѕR»SѓRgRЅSЏ S‚R°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRЅRѕ RѕR±SЂR°R»Rё RiRѕR»RѕRISѓ RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ. RќRёRј SЃS‚R°RI RiRµSЂRѕR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— RїRѕR»RyeRѕRIRЅRёRye R„RIRiRµRЅ RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ.

RќRѕRIRѕRѕR±SЂR°RЅRёR№ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRye R·RIRµSЂRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RgRѕ RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS–S…:

"RЇRye R·RЅR°S”S‚Rµ, RњRѕS— R”SЂSѓR·S–, SЏ RЅRµ S” RїSЂRёSЏS‚RµR»RµRј RiRѕRјS–RЅRyeRёS… SЃR»S–RI... RЇ RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ, S‡Rё S– RЅR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RЅR°Rј RїRѕS‰R°SЃS‚RёS‚SЊ SЂRѕR·RIRёRЅSѓS‚Rё RgS–R»Rѕ, R·R° SЏRyeRµ RјRё RѕSЃSЊ-S‚SѓS‚ RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏR»RёSЃSЏ...

...RЎSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RјRё RїRѕRyeRёS‰Rѕ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RѕRyeSЂRµSЃR»RёR»Rё RЅR°S€S– R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ S– RїSЂRёR№RЅSЏR»Rё RgRѕR±SЂRѕRIS–R»SЊRЅS– R·RѕR±RѕRISЏR·R°RЅRЅSЏ. RђR»Rµ S†Rµ S‰Rµ RЅRµ RѕSЃSЏRi.

R‘RѕR¶ RјSѓSЃRёRјRѕ SЃRѕR±S– S‰Rµ SЂR°R· RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕ SѓR·RјRёSЃRїRѕRIRёS‚Rё S– RIRµR»RёS‡RёRЅSѓ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ R·RѕR±RѕRISЏR·R°RЅRЅSЏ: RјRѕR±S–R»S–R·SѓSЋS‡Rё S– SЃRїRёSЂR°SЋS‡RёSЃSЊ RЅR° S€RёSЂRѕRyeS– RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅS– RјR°SЃRё, RјSѓSЃRёRјRѕ, RIRµRgSѓS‡Rё S—S…, R±RѕSЂRѕS‚RёSЃSЏ S– RgRѕR±RёS‚RёSЃSЏ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIRё RЎR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRѕS— RЎRѕR±RѕSЂRЅRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRё RЅR° RISЃS–S… RїSЂRѕSЃS‚RѕSЂR°S… R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ.

RЇRye SѓS‡RёS‚SЊ RЅR°SЃ RgRѕSЃRIS–Rg S†S–R»RёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅSЊ, RјRѕR¶RµRјRѕ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RgRѕSЃSЏRiRЅSѓS‚Rё S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRёRјRё, RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё R¶ RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRёRјRё, S€R»SЏS…R°RјRё."

 R„RIRiRµRЅ RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ S–R· RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјRёRјRё. R¤RѕS‚Rѕ 1920-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI

R”R¶RµSЂRµR»Rѕ: RђSЂS…S–RI R¦RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅSЊ RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ

RћS‚R¶Rµ, RЅR°RgRјRµS‚R° – RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕSЃS‚S– SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRёRјRё RјRµS‚RѕRgR°RјRё. RђR»Rµ RЅR° RgRѕSЂRѕR·S– RgRѕ S†S–S”S— RјRµS‚Rё RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ R±R°S‡RёRI RgRIS– RIRµR»RёRyeS– R·R°RIR°RgRё – RЅR°SЏRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–RјRїRµSЂS–S— S– R·R°R»RёS€RyeRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S–RјRїRµSЂS–R°R»S–R·RјSѓ. Rђ S†Rµ RѕR·RЅR°S‡R°R»Rѕ RIRµR»RёS‡RµR·RЅSѓ SЃRёR»Sѓ SЃRїSЂRѕS‚RёRISѓ:

"RЎRїSЂRѕS‚RёRIRё, SЏRyeS– R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–RЅRµRјRѕ RЅR° RЅR°S€RѕRјSѓ S€R»SЏS…Sѓ, R±SѓRgSѓS‚SЊ RIRµR»RµS‚RµRЅSЃSЊRyeS–.

R‘RѕR¶ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR° RЎRѕR±RѕSЂRЅRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRё SЃR°RјR° SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ RѕRgRЅRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅR° R· R»S–RyeRIS–RgR°S†S–S”SЋ RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–RјRїRµSЂS–S—, SЏRye S– RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S–RјRїRµSЂS–SЏR»S–R·RјSѓ, SЃRїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRёS‚SЊ S‚R°RyeSѓ RgRѕRyeRѕSЂS–RЅRЅSѓ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRgRѕRISѓ S†S–R»RѕRiRѕ RЎS…RѕRgSѓ R•RISЂRѕRїRё S– RIRµR»RёRyeRѕS— S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRё RђR·S–S—, S‰Rѕ S†Rµ R· RyeRѕRЅRµS‡RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё RIRїR»RёRЅRµ RЅRµ RјRµRЅS€ RiR»RёR±RѕRyeRѕ R№ RЅR° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ RIRёRiR»SЏRg RISЃS–S”S— SЂRµS€S‚Rё SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ..."

R¦SЊRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»R° SЃRIRѕSЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏ, SЏRyeR° RI RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃS‚R°RЅRµ RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RЅR°R№SѓSЃRїS–S€RЅS–S€RёS… RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕR±’S”RgRЅR°RЅSЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ RћRЈRќ RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ S‚R°S”RјRЅRёS‡Rѕ… R· RїRѕSЂSѓS€RµRЅRЅSЏRј RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S—.

R™S€R»Rё RgRѕ RџSЂR°RiRё, R° RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЊ Sѓ R’S–RgRЅS–

RЈ 1929 SЂRѕS†S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R±SѓR»Rё SЂRѕR·RgS–R»RµRЅS–: RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ RїS–Rg SЃSѓRIRµSЂRµRЅS–S‚RµS‚RѕRј RЎR RЎR , R SѓRјSѓRЅS–S—, R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё S‚R° RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–. RЎR°RјRµ R· RїS–Rg-RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S– RgRѕR±RёSЂR°RISЃSЏ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RgRѕ R’S–RgRЅSЋ.

R”R°S‚Sѓ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RgRIR° SЂR°R·Rё RїRµSЂRµRЅRѕSЃRёR»Rё – R· RјRµS‚RѕSЋ RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S—.  RњS–SЃS†Rµ S‚RµR¶ R·RјS–RЅRёR»Rё RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RI RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚. "RљSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeRё" (RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚Rё RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ S–R· RљSЂR°SЋ, S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— R—R°S…S–RgRЅRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё) RјR°R»Rё RgS–SЃS‚R°S‚RёSЃSЏ RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕ RgRѕ RџSЂR°RiRё.

RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№

 

"RљRѕRЅT‘SЂRµSЃ R±SѓRI RїRµSЂS€RѕSЋ S€RёSЂRѕRyeRѕSЋ RyeRѕRЅS„SЂRѕRЅS‚R°S†S–S”SЋ RѕRgRЅRѕRgSѓRјS†S–RI, S‰Rѕ RiSѓSЂS‚SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RI RIS–RgRgR°R»RµRЅRёS… RѕRgRЅRµ RIS–Rg RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰R°S…. R’S–RЅ RgR°RI RЅR°RiRѕRgSѓ RgRѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RЅRµ RgRѕRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRµ R№ SѓR·RiS–RgRЅRёS‚Rё RѕRgRЅR°RyeRѕRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRёS… RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRЅRёS… Sѓ RїS–RgS…RѕRgS–, RI RѕS†S–RЅS†S– S‚R° S–RЅS‚RµSЂRїSЂRµS‚R°S†S–S— RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїRѕRgS–R№.

RўSЂRµR±R° RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‚RёSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ SЃRїRµSЂS€Sѓ RЅR° RyeRѕRЅT‘SЂRµSЃS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RgR»SЏ RЅR°SЃ SѓSЃRµ RЅRѕRIRµ R№ RЅRµR·RIRёS‡RЅRµ, RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂR°SЃS‚RЅRµ R°S‚RјRѕSЃS„RµSЂRѕSЋ RЅRµR·RЅR°RЅRѕS— RЅR°Rј RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–R№RЅRѕS— RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё. R‘SѓRIS€Rё RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S‚RѕSЂR°RјRё, RјRё R·RIRёRyeR»Rё RgRѕ S–RЅR°RyeS€RѕRiRѕ SЃS‚RёR»SЋ…" - RїRёSЃR°RI RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№.

"RљSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeRё" RgRѕS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ SЃSѓRIRѕSЂRѕS— RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S— Sѓ RgRѕSЂRѕR·S– RgRѕ RџSЂR°RiRё. RџRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕ-S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ RgRIR° RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅRё – R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° RћS…SЂRёRјRѕRIRёS‡ – RїRµSЂRµR№S€R»Rё RЅRµR»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕ, Sѓ RЅR°S‚RѕRIRїS– S„R°R±SЂRёS‡RЅRёS… SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI Sѓ RўRµS€RёRЅS–.

R¦Rµ RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЂRѕR·RgS–R»RµRЅRѕ RЅR°RIRїS–R» RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј RјS–R¶ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRѕSЋ S‚R° RџRѕR»SЊS‰RµSЋ. R’RѕRyeR·R°R» R±SѓRI RЅR° S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R±RµSЂRµR·S–, R° R·R°RIRѕRgRё – RЅR° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ. R’RµSЂSЃR°R»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° SѓRiRѕRgR° RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ RgRёRIRЅRѕ SЂRѕR·RјS–S‚RёR»R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRё Sѓ RјS–R¶RIRѕS”RЅRЅS–R№ R„RISЂRѕRїS–.

RџRѕR»SЏRyeRё R±SѓR»Rё RЅRµR·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅS–. R§RµS…Rё R±SѓR»Rё RЅRµR·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅS–. RќS–RјS†S– R±SѓR»Rё RЅRµR·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅS–. RњR°R»Rѕ S…S‚Rѕ R±SѓRI R·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRёR№ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅR°RјRё RI RјS–R¶RIRѕS”RЅRЅS–R№ R„RISЂRѕRїS–. R”R»SЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI S‚RµR¶ RЅRµ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RїSЂRёRIRѕRgS–RI RgR»SЏ SЂR°RgRѕSЃS‚S– – R¶RёS‚Rё SЂRѕR·RgS–R»RµRЅRёRјRё RјS–R¶ 4 RyeSЂR°S—RЅR°RјRё.

RђR»Rµ RgR»SЏ RgRIRѕS… RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅS–RI RgS–SЂSЏRIRёR№ S‚RµS€RёRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRёRI RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ – RЅRµRїRѕRјS–S‚RЅRѕ SѓS‚RµRyeS‚Rё R· RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–.

R†S‰Rµ RgRIR° "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeRё" - RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI R‘R°SЂR°RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° R„RIRiRµRЅ R—RёR±R»S–RyeRµRIRёS‡ RїRѕS—S…R°R»Rё RyeRѕR¶RЅRёR№ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRѕ: S‚R°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ R· RјS–SЂRyeSѓRIR°RЅSЊ RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S—.

 RњS–SЃS‚RµS‡RyeRѕ RўRµS€RёRЅ. RЈ RјS–R¶RIRѕS”RЅRЅRёR№ RїRµSЂS–RѕRg R±SѓR»Rѕ SЂRѕR·RgS–R»RµRЅRѕ RЅR° RgRIR°: RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R¦RµS€RёRЅ S– S‡RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S†SЊRyeRёR№ R§RµSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RўRµS€RёRЅ

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: Flickr Hive Mind

R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° RћS…SЂRёRјRѕRIRёS‡ "RgSѓR»Rё RЅR° S…RѕR»RѕRgRЅRµ". R’RѕRЅRё RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЏ R±SѓS‚Rё RјR°RyeSЃRёRјR°R»SЊRЅRѕ RЅRµRїRѕRјS–S‚RЅRёRјRё Sѓ SЃRIRѕS—R№ RgRѕSЂRѕR·S– RgRѕ RџSЂR°RiRё: RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS– SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R±Rё RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ RјR°R»Rё RgS–R·RЅR°S‚RёSЃSЏ:

"R— S‡RµSЃSЊRyeRёRјRё R·R°R»S–R·RЅRёS‡RЅRёRјRё RyeRIRёS‚RyeR°RјRё RyeSѓRїR»RµRЅRёRјRё S‚R°RјRѕS€RЅS–Rј R·RI’SЏR·RyeRѕRIRёRј RЈR’Rћ, R±RµR· RїR°RїS€RѕSЂS‚S–RI S– RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI, RјRё SЃS–R»Rё Sѓ RIR°RiRѕRЅ RїRѕS—R·RgSѓ RЅR° RџSЂR°RiSѓ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–RјRё, S‰RѕR± RЅRµ RїSЂRёS‚SЏRiRЅSѓS‚Rё R·R° SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ SЃRїRѕSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°S‡R°, S– SЂRѕR·RјS–SЃS‚RёR»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… R»R°RIRyeR°S…, SЏRye RЅRµR·RЅR°R№RѕRјS– R»SЋRgRё.

RљRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»S– RїR°RїS€RѕSЂS‚S–RI, R·RiS–RgRЅRѕ R· RїRµSЂRµRgR±R°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј, Sѓ RїRѕS—R·RgS– RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. RЈ RџSЂR°R·S– RIS–RgS–R±SЂR°RI RЅR°SЃ RЅR° SЃS‚R°RЅS†S–S— R·RI’SЏR·RyeRѕRIRёR№ R·R° SѓRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRёRј SЂRѕR·RїS–R·RЅR°RIS‡RёRј R·RЅR°RyeRѕRј S– R·R°R»RёS€RёRI RЅR°SЃ RЅR° RyeRIR°SЂS‚RёSЂS–, S‰RѕR± RјRё RЅRµ RIRµS€S‚R°R»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕ RјS–SЃS‚S– S– RЅRµ R·RIRµSЂS‚R°R»Rё RЅR° SЃRµR±Rµ SѓRIR°RiRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI".

RЈ RџSЂR°R·S– R·’SЏSЃSѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ S‚SЂRµR±R° R·RЅRѕRISѓ RIRµSЂS‚R°S‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR° RIRѕRyeR·R°R» – RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ RїRµSЂRµRЅRµSЃR»Rё RgRѕ R’S–RgRЅSЏ.

RўSѓS‚ RIR¶Rµ RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚Rё SЃRёRgS–R»Rё SЂR°R·RѕRј S– RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёR»Rё RїRѕ-RјS–R¶ SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ.

R—R° R»RµRiRµRЅRgRѕSЋ RIRѕRЅRё – RiSЂSѓRїR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI, S‰Rѕ S—S…R°R»R° S–R· SЃRIRѕS—RјRё RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°S‡R°RјRё RgRѕ R’S–RgRЅSЏ RЅR° RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRISѓ RµRyeSЃRyeSѓSЂSЃS–SЋ.

 RљR°SЂR»RѕRIRёR№ RјS–SЃS‚ Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S–. R’RёRiR»SЏRg RЅR° RњR°R»Sѓ RЎS‚SЂR°RЅSѓ. R— S–RЅS€RѕS— SЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RјRѕSЃS‚Sѓ Sѓ RЎS‚R°SЂRѕRјSѓ RњS–SЃS‚S– R·RЅR°S…RѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RљR°S‚RµRgSЂR° SЃRI. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚R°, RiSЂRµRyeRѕ-RyeR°S‚RѕR»RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ S…SЂR°Rј, S‰Rѕ R±SѓRI RјS–SЃS†RµRј R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡RµR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S–

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: Flickr

RќR°RIS–S‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕS—R·RgS– RgRѕ R’S–RgRЅSЏ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅS–SЏRye RЅRµ RјS–Ri R·R°SЃRїRѕRyeRѕS—S‚RёSЃSЏ. RќR°RgS‚Rѕ RЅRµSЂRIRѕRIRѕSЋ R±SѓR»R° RgRѕSЂRѕRiR°…

"R’SЃRµ RїRѕS‡R°R»RѕSЃSЏ R·RiS–RgRЅRѕ R· RїSЂRёRїRёSЃR°RјRё RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕS— RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S—. R”R»SЏ RgR°R»SЊS€RѕS— S—R·RgRё S‡RµSЂRµR· R°RISЃS‚SЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅ RјRё RѕRgRµSЂR¶R°R»Rё RI RџSЂR°R·S– RїR°S€RїRѕSЂS‚Rё, RїRѕR·RёS‡RµRЅS– RIS–Rg RјS–SЃS†RµRIRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI, S–R· R·RЅSЏS‚RyeR°RјRё S– RѕRїRёSЃRѕRј RѕSЃS–R±, RgRѕ RЅR°SЃ RЅS–SЏRye RЅRµRїRѕRgS–R±RЅRёS….

R— RЅRёS… RјRё  RЅR°RIS‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ "RЅR°S€RёS…" RЅRѕRIRёS… RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»S–R№ S– RїRѕS‡RµSЂRyeSѓ "RЅR°S€RёS…" RЅRѕRIRёS… RїSЂS–R·RIRёS‰. RџRѕ S‚R°RyeS–R№ RgR»SЏ RЅR°SЃ S†S–R»RyeRѕRј R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»S–R№ RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S‚RёRIRЅS–R№ RїSЂRѕS†RµRgSѓSЂS– RЅR°SЃ RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ RIS–RgR±SѓRgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ Sѓ R’S–RgRЅS–, RЅRµ Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S–, S– R·R°R»R°RgSѓRIR°R»Rё Sѓ RIR°RiRѕRЅ RїRѕS—R·RgSѓ RЅR° R’S–RgRµRЅSЊ, Sѓ RїRµSЂRµRgS–R», RI SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃRёRgS–R»Rё RЅRµR·RЅR°R№RѕRјS– RЅR°Rј SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeRё RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ R· R§RµS…S–S— S– RiRѕR»RѕSЃRЅRѕ RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёR»Rё RїRѕ-SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRё.

R“RѕRIRѕSЂRёR»Rё RЅRµ R»RёS€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RјS–SЃS†RµRIS– RїRѕR±SѓS‚RѕRIS– SЃRїSЂR°RIRё R№ SЃRIRѕS—S… R·RЅR°R№RѕRјRёS…, R°R»Rµ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RЅR° RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS– S‚RµRјRё. R”RµS…S‚Rѕ RјR°RI SЏRIRЅRѕ RїSЂRёS‡RµRїR»RµRЅS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIS–RgR·RЅR°RyeRё (S‚SЂRёR·SѓR±, S…SЂRµSЃS‚ RЈR“Rђ, RIS–RgR·RЅR°RyeSѓ R›RµRiS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI).

RњRё S‚R»SѓRјR°S‡RёR»Rё SЃRѕR±S– S†RµR№ RЅRµSЃRїRѕRgS–RIR°RЅRёR№ RѕR±SЂR°R· RЅRµRyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRѕS— RїRѕRIRµRgS–RЅRyeRё S‚RёRј, S‰Rѕ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕ RїRµSЂRµRg RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЊRЅRёRјRё S‡RёRЅRЅRёRyeR°RјRё RјRё R±SѓR»Rё S‚SѓSЂRёSЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЋ RiSЂSѓRїRѕSЋ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI S–R· R§RµS…S–S—, SЏRyeR° RIRёS—R¶RgR¶R°S” R· RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂR°RјRё RЅR° RµRyeSЃRyeSѓSЂSЃS–SЋ RgRѕ R’S–RgRЅSЏ.

RђR»Rµ RISЃRµ RѕRgRЅRѕ RЅR°SЃ RgRёRISѓRIR°R»Rѕ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°S€S– R»SЋRgRё R· RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–S— RЅRµ R·RIRµSЂS‚R°SЋS‚SЊ SѓRIR°RiRё RЅR° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIS–RgR·RЅR°RyeRё R№ R±R°R»R°RyeSѓS‡S–SЃS‚SЊ RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RїSЂRёS‚SЏRiRЅSѓS‚Rё SѓRIR°RiSѓ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… S– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёS… R°RiRµRЅS‚S–RI".

R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRѕRiRѕ SЃSѓS‚S‚S”RIRѕ R±RµRЅS‚RµR¶RёR»R° R»RµRiRyeRѕRIR°R¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RyeRѕR»RµRi R· RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ. R’S–RЅ, S‰Rѕ RIRёSЂS–SЃ Sѓ RЅRµ RgSѓR¶Rµ RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… SЂRµR°R»S–SЏS… RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RџS–R»SЃSѓRgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, R·RIRёRye R±SѓS‚Rё R±S–R»SЊS€ RѕR±RµSЂRµR¶RЅRёRј.

 R’S–RgRµRЅSЊ, 1930-S‚S–

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: Pinterest

R RµS€S‚R° RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚S–RI RїSЂRёS—S…R°R»R° R· RIS–R»SЊRЅS–S€RёS… RyeSЂR°S—RЅ, R°R±Rѕ R· S‚RёS…, SЏRyeS– RЅRµ SЂRѕR·RiR»SЏRgR°R»Rё RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅRёRј RgR»SЏ SЃRµR±Rµ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂSѓS… R·R° RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ. RќR° RIS–RgRјS–RЅSѓ RIS–Rg "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeS–RI" SЂRµS€S‚R° RїRѕRIRѕRgRёR»R°SЃSЏ RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕ, SЏRye RЅR° SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚SЃSЊRyeS–R№ RµRyeSЃRyeSѓSЂSЃS–S—.

R“RѕS‚RµR»SЊ RЅR° RљR°RЅS‚S€S‚SЂR°SЃSЃRµ

RЈ R’S–RgRЅS– RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚Rё RїRѕS—S…R°R»Rё RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†SЋ RљR°RЅS‚R°. R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ R·RiR°RgSѓS”, S‰Rѕ RїR°SЃRїRѕSЂS‚S–RI RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїRѕSЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RїRёS‚R°RI. RљS–RјRЅR°S‚Rё RgR»SЏ RISЃS–S… RIRёRgS–R»RёR»Rё RЅR° RѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ RїRѕRIRµSЂSЃS–.

RЈS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeRё RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RЅR°SЃS‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R·R°RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂSѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё RgRѕ SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS– RЅRµ RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‚Rё, RI SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃR°RјRµ RiRѕS‚RµR»SЋ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ. RџR°RЅSѓRIR°R»R° R°S‚RјRѕSЃS„RµSЂR° RiR»RёR±RѕRyeRѕS— S‚R°S”RјRЅRёS‡RѕSЃS‚S–, SЏRyeSѓ R»RµRiRyeRѕRIR°R¶RЅRѕ RїRѕSЂSѓS€SѓRIR°R»Rё RgRµSЏRyeS– RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚Rё:

"R†RЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS†S–SЏ R±SѓR»R°: RЅR° RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ SЃS‚R°SЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RЅRµ RIRёS…RѕRgRёS‚Rё, RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё RЅRµ S…RѕRgRёS‚Rё RiSѓSЂS‚R°RјRё R±S–R»SЊS€RёRјRё, SЏRye RgRIS–R№RyeR°-S‚SЂS–R№RyeR°, RЅRµ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIR»SЏS‚Rё RЅS– RЅR°RgRIRѕSЂS–, RЅS– RI RyeRѕSЂRёRgRѕSЂR°S…. RџSЂRёS‚SЂRёRјSѓSЋS‡RёSЃSЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ RїSЂRёRїRёSЃSѓ, RјRё RgRµRyeRѕR»Rё R· RЅRµR·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј RјRѕRIS‡RyeRё SЃRїRѕSЃS‚RµSЂS–RiR°R»Rё, SЏRye RgRµSЏRyeS– RiSѓSЂS‚Rё R№RѕRiRѕ R»RµRiRyeRѕRIR°R¶R°S‚SЊ," - RgRµS‰Rѕ SЂRѕR·RiSѓR±R»RµRЅRѕ R·R°SѓRIR°R¶RёRI R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№.

RЎRїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏ RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ Sѓ RIRµR»RёRyeS–R№ SЃRЅS–RgR°RЅRyeRѕRIS–R№ R·R°R»S– RI S‚RѕRјSѓ R¶ RiRѕS‚RµR»SЋ. RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ S‚SЂRёRIR°RI 7 RgRЅS–RI.

"R”RIR° RїRµSЂS€S– RgRЅS– RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїR»RµRЅR°SЂRЅS– R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏ, RЅR° SЏRyeRёS… R·R°S‡RёS‚R°RЅRѕ SЂSЏRg RgRѕRїRѕRIS–RgRµR№ S– RїSЂRѕRgRёSЃRyeSѓS‚RѕRIR°RЅRѕ S—S…, RїRѕS‚S–Rј SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RїSЂRёRgS–R»RµRЅRѕ RgRѕ S€RµSЃS‚Rё RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–R№, SЏRyeS– RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… S‚SЂSЊRѕS… RgRЅS–RI RѕRїSЂR°S†SЊRѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё RiSѓSЂS‚RyeR°RјRё RI RIRµR»RёRyeS–R№ R·R°R»S– S– RїRѕ RiRѕS‚RµR»RµRIRёS… RyeS–RјRЅR°S‚R°S… RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Rё SЂRµR·RѕR»SЋS†S–R№", - RgR°R»S– RѕRїRѕRIS–RgR°S” R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ Sѓ SЃRїRѕRiR°RgR°S… RїSЂRѕ S– RїRѕRgS–S—.

R RѕR·R±S–R¶RЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ R±SѓR»Rѕ RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ R±R°RiR°S‚Rѕ, R°R»Rµ RI RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–SЏS… SЂS–R·RЅRѕS‡RёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rё RЅR°SЃS–R»SЊRyeRё RiR»RёR±RѕRyeRѕ RїSЂRѕRgRёSЃRyeSѓS‚RѕRIR°RЅS–, S‰Rѕ S„S–RЅR°R»SЊRЅS– RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё RiRѕR»RѕSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё RѕRgRЅRѕSЃS‚R°R№RЅRѕ.

RћRЈRќ RјRѕRiR»R° RїS–S‚Rё S–RЅS€RёRј S€R»SЏS…RѕRј

R”Rѕ RIS–RgRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiRѕS‚RµR»SЋ RЅR° RљR°RЅS‚S€S‚SЂR°SЃSЃRµ R·’S—S…R°R»RѕSЃSЏ 28 RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚S–RI S‚R° 2 RiRѕSЃS‚RµR№. RђRISЃS‚SЂS–SЏ, R‘RµR»SЊRiS–SЏ, RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅR°, R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–SЏ, R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅR°, RIS–R»SЊRЅRµ RјS–SЃS‚Rѕ R”R°RЅS†RёRЅRi – S‚R°RyeRѕSЋ R±SѓR»R° RiRµRѕRiSЂR°S„S–SЏ SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI.

 R—R»S–RIR° RЅR°RїSЂR°RIRѕ: R“SЂRёRiRѕSЂS–R№ RљR°R»RµRЅRёRye-R›RёSЃSЋRye, R„RIRiRµRЅ RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ, R†RIR°RЅ R SѓRgR°RyeS–RI, RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RЎS†S–R±RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№. RџR°SЂRёR¶, 1929 SЂS–Rye

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: RђSЂS…S–RI R¦RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅSЊ RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ

RђRIR¶RµR¶ RЅRµ RIR°SЂS‚Rѕ R·R°R±SѓRIR°S‚Rё S– RїSЂRѕ RЅR°S€Sѓ S‡RµS‚RIS–SЂRyeSѓ "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeS–RI", S‰Rѕ RїSЂRёS—S…R°R»R° S–R· R·R°R№RЅSЏS‚RѕRiRѕ RїRѕR»SЏRyeR°RјRё "RљSЂR°SЋ".

R”RѕS—S…R°R»Rё RЅRµ RISЃS–. RќRµ R·RјRѕRiR»Rё RїSЂRёS—S…R°S‚Rё RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚Rё R· R‘SѓRyeRѕRIRёRЅRё, R›SЋRyeSЃRµRјR±SѓSЂRiSѓ, RЎRЁRђ, RўSѓSЂRµS‡S‡RёRЅRё, R®RiRѕSЃR»R°RIS–S—.

RЈ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS– RIR·SЏR»Rё SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R’S–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕS— RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— (RЈR’Rћ), R›RµRiS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI (R›RЈRќ), RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS– (RЎRЈRќRњ) S‚R° R“SЂSѓRїRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RњRѕR»RѕRgS– (R“RЈRќRњ), S‚R° RѕRgRёRЅ RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚ RIS–Rg RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI Sѓ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS–.

RђR»Rµ RISЃRµ RјRѕRiR»Rѕ RїS–S‚Rё S–RЅS€RёRј S€R»SЏS…RѕRј. R† RЅR° RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ RјRѕRiR»Rё RїSЂRёS—S…R°S‚Rё S–RЅS€S– R»SЋRgRё. R† S†S– S–RЅS€S– R»SЋRgRё RјRѕRiR»Rё RїS–S‚Rё S–RЅS€RёRј S€R»SЏS…RѕRј: S‡Rё R±SѓRgRµ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏ – R»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ RїR°SЂS‚S–S”SЋ, S‡Rё RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ SЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚SѓSЂRѕSЋ?

R†SЃRЅSѓRIR°R»Rѕ RgRIR° RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёS… SЃRїRёSЃRyeRё SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI. RљRѕR¶RЅRёR№ RIS–RgRѕR±SЂR°R¶R°RI SЂS–R·RЅS– RїS–RgS…RѕRgRё RgRѕ S„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕS— RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI.

RЈ RїRµSЂS€RѕRјSѓ RIR°SЂS–R°RЅS‚S– R±SѓR»Rё S–RјRµRЅR° RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S‚RyeRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЎRµR№RјSѓ RњS–R»RµRЅRё R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— S‚R° S—S— R±SЂR°S‚R° – RIS–RgRѕRјRѕRiRѕ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚R° R†RIR°RЅR° RљRµRgSЂRёRЅR°-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. RћR±RёRgRIR° R±SѓR»Rё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeR°RјRё R»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— Sѓ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RЈRќR”Rћ – RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR°SЂS‚S–S— "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕ-RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRµ RѕR±’S”RgRЅR°RЅRЅSЏ".

"RЇ RїSЂRѕS‚RёRIRёRISЃSЏ S‚R°RyeS–R№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№RЅS–R№ SЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚SѓSЂS–, SЏRyeR° RѕR±’S”RgRЅSѓRIR°R»R° R± S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRѕ-RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅSѓ S‚R° SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRѕ-S‚RµSЂRѕSЂRёSЃS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ," - R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI R†RIR°RЅ RљRµRgSЂRёRЅ-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRёR№.

RќR° RgSѓRјRyeSѓ RљRµRgSЂRёRЅR°-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S†S– RgRIR° RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRyeRё S‚SЂRµR±R° R±SѓR»Rѕ SЂRѕR·RјRµR¶SѓRIR°S‚Rё. R RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅR° RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RјR°R»R° R±SѓS‚Rё R·RѕSЃRµSЂRµRgR¶RµRЅR° Sѓ SЃSѓRIRѕSЂRѕ R·R°RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅS–R№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S—, SЏRyeR° R± RѕS…RѕRїR»SЋRIR°R»Rѕ RISѓR·SЊRyeRµ RyeRѕR»Rѕ R»SЋRgRµR№.

 R†RIR°RЅ-RљRµRgSЂRёRЅ R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRёR№

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R’S–RyeS–RїRµRgS–SЏ

RћS‚R¶Rµ, RЅR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRIRѕRјSѓ RµS‚R°RїS– SЂRѕR·RiR»SЏRgR°R»Rё RIR°SЂS–R°RЅS‚, S‰Rѕ RћRЈRќ SЃS‚R°S” R»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЋ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S”SЋ, R° SЂRѕR»SЊ R±RѕR№RѕRIRѕRiRѕ RyeSЂRёR»R° R·R°R»RёS€R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° RЈR’Rћ.

RђR»Rµ RЅRµ RISЃS– R±SѓR»Rё RiRѕS‚RѕRIS– RїS–S‚Rё S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё S€R»SЏS…RѕRј RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё.

R”RµR»RµRiR°S‚Rё RIS–Rg RЎRЈRќRњ (RЎRѕSЋR· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RњRѕR»RѕRgS–) RїR»R°RЅSѓRIR°R»Rё R·S–SЂRIR°S‚Rё RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRЅSЏ R·R±RѕSЂS–RI S‚R° RIS–RgRјRѕRIRёS‚RёSЃSЊ RIS–Rg RIS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ.

RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRёS€Rµ, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё – "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeRё" R· RЎRЈRќRњ – RIRёSЂS–S€RёRI RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёS‚Rё RЅR° RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS– RgRIS– RIRёRјRѕRiRё.

RџRµSЂS€R° RIRёRјRѕRiR°: S‰RѕR± RћRЈRќ R±SѓR»R° RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRѕSЋ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S”SЋ RgR»SЏ RgRѕRїRѕRIRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ S– RїRѕS€RёSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚R° RЈR’Rћ, R° RЅRµ RїS–RgRјSѓSЂRyeRѕRј RgR»SЏ R»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRёS… RїR°SЂS‚S–R№.

R”RµR»RµRiR°S‚Rё RIS–Rg RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RњRѕR»RѕRgS– RїR»R°RЅSѓRIR°R»Rё R·S–SЂRIR°S‚Rё RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RїRµSЂS€RѕS— RIRёRјRѕRiSѓ RЅRµ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјSѓSЋS‚SЊ. Rђ RјRµSЂRµR¶Sѓ SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI "RїRµSЂRµR»RёS‚Rё" RgRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ RЈR’Rћ.

R”SЂSѓRiR° RIRёRјRѕRiR°: RgRѕRјR°RiR°S‚RёSЃSЏ, S‰RѕR± Sѓ RЅRѕRIRѕR·R°SЃRЅRѕRIR°RЅS–R№ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— RIRїSЂRѕRIR°RgRёS‚Rё RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRISѓ RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂSѓ. RЎRёRјRїR°S‚S–S— "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeS–RI" RЅR°R»RµR¶R°R»Rё R„RIRiRµRЅRѕRIS– RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»SЊS†SЋ, SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ S– S…RѕS‚S–R»Rё R·R°RїSЂRѕRїRѕRЅSѓRIR°S‚Rё SЃS‚R°S‚Rё RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚RѕSЂRѕRј. RќR° S—S… RgSѓRјRyeSѓ RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂR° SѓR±RµR·RїRµS‡SѓRIR°R»R° RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЋ RIS–Rg SЃRїRµRyeSѓR»SЏS†S–R№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeS–RI.

RљRµSЂS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕ RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI (RџRЈRќ) S‚R° SЃR°Rј RїRѕR»RyeRѕRIRЅRёRye RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёR»Rё RI RЅRµRѕRgRЅRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅSѓ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ.

 RћRgRЅRёRј S–R· "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeS–RI" RЅR° RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS–RI R±SѓRI RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ RћS…SЂRёRјRѕRIRёS‡, SЏRyeRёR№ Sѓ 1926 SЂRѕS†S– SЃS‚R°RI SЃRїS–RIR·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RњRѕR»RѕRgS–

RџRЈRќ SЃS‚RѕSЏRI RЅR° SЂRѕR·RgRѕSЂS–R¶R¶S–. RћRgRЅR° RgRѕSЂRѕRiR° – S†Rµ S€R»SЏS… RgR°RIRЅS–S… RѕRgRЅRѕRgSѓRјS†S–RI, R· SЏRyeRёRјRё SЂR°R·RѕRј RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°R»Rё S‚R° RIRѕSЋRIR°R»Rё, S€R»SЏS… RgRѕ R»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Rё. Rђ S–RЅS€Sѓ RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ RїSЂRѕRyeR»R°RgR°R»R° RјR°R»RѕR·RЅR°R№RѕRјR°, R°R»Rµ RgS–S”RIR° RјRѕR»RѕRgSЊ.

RџRѕR»RyeRѕRIRЅRёRye RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI, S‰RѕR± R±RµR· RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ S– S‚S–SЃRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚Sѓ S–R· "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё" RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЏ RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–SЏ RјRѕR¶Rµ RI SЃRyeRѕSЂRѕRјSѓ S‡R°SЃS– RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRёS‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR° S‰Rµ RѕRgRЅSѓ RµRјS–RiSЂR°RЅS‚SЃSЊRyeSѓ RiSЂSѓRїSѓ. R† S†RµR№ RµRјS–RiSЂR°RЅS‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiSѓSЂS‚RѕRye RЅRµ RјR°S‚RёRјRµ RЅS–SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RIRїR»RёRISѓ RЅR° SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–SЋ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

RўSЂRµR±R° R±SѓR»Rѕ SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё RIRёR±S–SЂ: SЃS‚R°SЂS– RїRµSЂRµRIS–SЂRµRЅS– S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS€Rё, S‡Rё RЅRѕRIR° RiRµRЅRµSЂR°S†S–SЏ?

R—RiR°RgSѓS” RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№:

"RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RЅR°SЂR°Rg RyeRѕRЅT‘SЂRµSЃRѕRIRёS… RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–R№ RїRѕR»Rye. R„. RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ RїRѕRyeR»RёRyeR°RI SѓSЃS–S… S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeS–RI RЅR° SЂRѕR·RјRѕRISѓ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgR±SѓR»R°SЃSЏ RI RѕRgRЅS–R№ R· RiRѕS‚RµR»RµRIRёS… RyeS–RјRЅR°S‚.

R— RѕSЃS–R±, S‰Rѕ S‡R°SЃRѕRIRѕ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°R»Rё R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј, SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeR°RјRё S†S–S”S— RЅR°SЂR°RgRё R±SѓR»Rё S‚R°RyeRѕR¶: Rg-SЂ R®. R’R°SЃSЃRёSЏRЅ, SЂRµRg. R’. RњR°SЂS‚RёRЅRµS†SЊ S– RiRѕR»RѕRIR° [R“SЂSѓRїRё] RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RњRѕR»RѕRgS– RI RџSЂR°R·S– S–RЅR¶. Rћ. R‘RѕR№RgSѓRЅRёRye.

RўR°Rј RјRё R·R°SЃS‚R°R»Rё R†RIR°RЅR° RљRµRgSЂRёRЅR°-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RїSЂRѕ SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRё R·RЅR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RѕRgRЅRѕRgSѓRјRµS†SЊ RiSЂSѓRїRё RѕRїRѕR·RёS†S–R№RЅRёS… RїRѕSЃR»S–RI R· RЈRќR”Rћ RgRѕ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЃRѕR№RјSѓ R”. RџR°R»S–S”RIR° S– R’. R¦RµR»RµRIRёS‡R°, S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ S‚S–S”S— RiSЂSѓRїRё SѓRIS–SЃS‚S–RI, SЏRyeR° RїRµSЂRµR№S€R»R° RЅR° SЃRµRyeS‚RѕSЂ R»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїSЂR°S†S– S– RјR°R»R° RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЋ SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRISѓRIR°S‚Rё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RјRѕR»RѕRgSЊ RЅR° S€R»SЏS… R»RµRiR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё, S‰RѕR± S‡RµSЂRµR· RgRѕRїR»RёRI RјRѕR»RѕRgRѕRiRѕ RµR»RµRјRµRЅS‚Sѓ RgRѕ RЈRќR”Rћ SЃRyeSЂS–RїRёS‚Rё RI RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ RїRѕR·RёS†S–S— SЃRIRѕS”S— RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕS— RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— S„SЂRѕRЅRgRё RI S‚S–R№ RїR°SЂS‚S–S—".

R¦SЏ RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЏ R±SѓR»R° RїSЂRѕS‚RёR»RµR¶RЅR° S‚S–R№ RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–S—, SЏRyeSѓ RIS–RgSЃS‚RѕSЋRIR°R»Rё "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeRё".

RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRёRI R†RIR°RЅR° RљRµRgSЂRёRЅR°-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RЅRµ SЏRye RїRѕSЃR»R°RЅRЅRёRyeR° RЈRќR”Rћ, R° SЏRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚R°, SЏRyeRёR№ S†S–RyeR°RIRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїRµSЂRµR±S–RiRѕRј RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ.

"RљSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeRё" RIS–RgSЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°R»Rё S…RѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕ: R°RgR¶Rµ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ S‚R°S”RјRЅRёR№ – S‚Rѕ S‰RѕRgRµRЅRЅRёRye RљRµRgSЂRёRЅR°-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ "R”S–R»Rѕ" RЅRµ RїRѕRIRёRЅRµRЅ RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёS‚Rё, S‰RѕR± RїSЂRѕ RїRµSЂRµR±S–Ri RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ R±SѓR»R° RїRѕS–RЅS„RѕSЂRјRѕRIR°RЅR° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° RїRѕR»S–S†S–SЏ.

 R„RIRiRµRЅ RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ, RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјR° S‚R° R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RњR°SЂS‚RёRЅRµS†SЊ. 1930-S– SЂRѕRyeRё

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: RђSЂS…S–RI R¦RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅSЊ RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ

RљRµRgSЂRёRЅ-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ R·R°SЏRIRёRI, S‰Rѕ RїSЂRѕ S†Rµ R·RЅR°S” S– R±RµR· S‚R°RyeRёS… R·R°SЃS‚RµSЂRµR¶RµRЅSЊ, S– S‰Rѕ SЏRyeR±Rё RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂRё RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RЅRµ RјR°R»Rё RgRѕ RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RgRѕRIS–SЂ’SЏ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RЅRµ RїRѕSЂSѓS€RёS‚SЊ RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRёR№ S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ, S‚Rѕ RIR·R°RiR°R»S– RЅRµ RјR°R»R° R± RјS–SЃS†SЏ SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° R·SѓSЃS‚SЂS–S‡.

"R RѕR·RјRѕRIR° S– RїRѕS‡R°R»R°SЃSЏ, S– RIRµR»R°SЃSЏ RgRѕ RyeS–RЅS†SЏ RI R·R°RiRѕSЃS‚SЂRµRЅS–R№ R°S‚RјRѕSЃS„RµSЂS–. RџRѕR»Rye. R„. RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ R·R°RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓRIR°RI SЂRѕR·RјRѕRISѓ, RїRѕSЃS‚R°RIRёRIS€Rё RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ, RI S‡RѕRјSѓ SЃR°RјRµ SЂS–R¶RЅRёS†SЏ RїRѕRiR»SЏRgS–RI RјS–R¶ RїSЂRёSЃSѓS‚RЅS–RјRё RїSЂRѕ R·R°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ S– S…R°SЂR°RyeS‚RµSЂ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ. R’S–RЅ RїRѕRyeR»RёRyeR°RI RїRѕ S‡RµSЂR·S– RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕRiRѕ R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR° R·’SЏSЃRѕRISѓRIR°S‚Rё SЃRIS–R№ RїRѕRiR»SЏRg", - R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№.

RќR°R№R±R»RёR¶S‡RёRј RgRѕ RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»SЊS†SЏ SЃRёRgS–RI RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ RћS…SЂRёRјRѕRIRёS‡. R’S–RЅ RїRѕS‡R°RI RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–SЋ. R’S–RЅ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅSЋRIR°RI RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS– S‚R° S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅS– SЂRѕR·R±S–R¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– RјS–R¶ RЎRЈRќRњ S– RЈRќR”Rћ. R„RIRiRµRЅ R—RёR±R»S–RyeRµRIRёS‡ R±SѓRI RgSѓR¶Rµ S‚RµRјRїRµSЂR°RјRµRЅS‚RЅRёRј S– RgSѓR¶Rµ RiRѕSЃS‚SЂRѕ SЂRѕR·RyeSЂRёS‚RёRyeSѓRIR°RI RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeSѓ RЈRќR”Rћ. RЎR°Rј R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRѕRIRѕSЂRёRI RїSЂRѕ S”RgRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R°RIRgR°RЅSЊ RЎRЈRќRњ S‚R° RЈR’Rћ.

RљRµRgSЂRёRЅ-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°RїRѕR»SЏRiR°RI, S‰Rѕ R·RISѓR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ R·R°RIRgR°RЅSЊ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ RgRѕ RїS–RgRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕ-SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRѕS— RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё – R·RјRµRЅS€RёS‚SЊ R№RѕRiRѕ RIRїR»RёRI S‚R° RїRѕSЃR»R°R±RёS‚SЊ SЃRёR»Rё R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ.

RЈ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgSЊ – RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RIS–Rg RћSЃRёRїR° R‘RѕR№RgSѓRЅRёRyeR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RyeRѕS€S–RI RyeSЂRёS‚RёRyeRё RЈRќR”Rћ, RјRѕRIR»SЏRI, S‚R° – S‚Rѕ "R±RµR·S…SЂRµR±RµS‚RЅR° RјS–SЏR·RјR°".

RЎRyeRѕSЂS–S€ R·R° RISЃRµ, RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ RЅR°RјR°RiR°RISЃSЏ RI S‚R°RyeRёR№ SЃRїRѕSЃS–R± R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–S‚Rё, S‡Rё S” RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёRј R·R±R»RёR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RїRѕR·RёS†S–R№ RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ SЂSѓSЃS–. RЈSЃSЋ RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–SЋ RїRѕR»RyeRѕRIRЅRёRye SѓRIR°R¶RЅRѕ SЃR»SѓS…R°RI, RЅRµ RЅR°RјR°RiR°SЋS‡RёSЃSЊ SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё SЏRyeRёS…RѕSЃSЊ R·R°SѓRIR°R¶RµRЅSЊ, S‡Rё R·R°RїRµSЂRµS‡RµRЅSЊ.

R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїRѕS‡SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ RgRµS‰Rѕ R·R±RµRЅS‚RµR¶RµRЅRёRј RїRѕ SЂRµR·SѓR»SЊS‚R°S‚R°Rј S‚S–S”S— RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–S—:

"RњRё RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rё RЅR° SЃS‚Rѕ RIS–RgSЃRѕS‚RyeS–RI RїRµRIRЅS–, S‰Rѕ RЅR°S€R° RїRѕR·RёS†S–SЏ RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRiR»R°, S– RїSЂRёR·R±RёSЂSѓRIR°R»Rё SЂRѕR·RiSѓR±R»RµRЅS– R№ RїSЂRёR·R°R±SѓS‚S– R°SЂRiSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё RgR»SЏ RyeS–RЅS†RµRIRѕS— SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIRё. RђR»Rµ S‚R°RyeRѕS— RIR¶Rµ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R—R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRI RЅR°SЃS‚R°R»R° SЂRѕR±RѕS‚R°, SЏRyeR° SЂRѕR·RIRёRЅSѓR»R°SЃSЏ RїRѕ R»S–RЅS–S— RЅR°RјRё R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRµRЅRѕS— SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–R№RЅRѕS— RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–S—".

 R„RIRiRµRЅ R—RёR±R»S–RyeRµRIRёS‡, 1960-S‚S–

R¤RѕS‚Rѕ: R’S–RyeS–RїRµRgS–SЏ

RљRµRgSЂRёRЅ-R SѓRgRЅRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RI, S‰Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RїRѕR·RёS†S–SЏ RЅRµ R·RЅR°R№S€R»R° RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeRё: "RњRѕS” SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‰Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ S†S–R»RyeRѕRј S–R·RѕR»SЊRѕRIR°RЅRµ. RўRѕRјSѓ SЏ RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ R±SЂR°RI SѓS‡R°SЃS‚Rё RI RgR°R»SЊS€RёS… R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏS… S– RIRёS—S…R°RI".

R—R°SЃR°RgRё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·RјSѓ

RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ Sѓ SЃRїRѕRiR°RgR°S… SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RgR°S”, S‰Rѕ RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ RISЃS– SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRёR№RјR°R»RёSЃSЏ S‡RµSЂRµR· RїSЂRѕS†RµRgSѓSЂSѓ R°RyeR»R°RјR°S†S–S— – S‚RѕR±S‚Rѕ RyeRѕRЅSЃRµRЅSЃSѓSЃRѕRј, RѕRgRЅRѕSЃS‚R°R№RЅRѕ. RЈSЃS–, S…S‚Rѕ RїRѕRiRѕRgR¶SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ S–R· SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏRј RїS–RgRIRѕRgRёR»RёSЃSЏ R· RјS–SЃS†SЊ, SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏ RIRIR°R¶R°R»RѕSЃSЏ R·R°S‚RIRµSЂRgR¶RµRЅRёRј:

"R§R»RµRЅRё S‡RµSЂRµR· R°RyeR»SЏRјR°S†S–SЋ S– S„RѕSЂRјR°R»SЊRЅRѕ RїSЂRѕRIRµRgRµRЅRёRј RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRЅRёRј RiRѕR»RѕSЃSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏRј RIRёR±SЂR°R»Rё RїRѕR»Rye. R„. RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»SЊS†SЏ RiRѕR»RѕRIRѕSЋ RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ. RќR° R№RѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕRїRѕR·RёS†S–SЋ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRЅRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRёR±SЂR°RЅRѕ RI SЃRyeR»R°Rg RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ RIS–SЃS–Rј RѕSЃS–R± (S–RЅR¶. Rњ. RЎS†S–R±RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№, S–RЅR¶. R’. RњR°SЂS‚RёRЅRµS†SЊ, Rg-SЂ R®. R’R°SЃSЃRёSЏRЅ, RiRµRЅ. Rњ. RљR°RїSѓSЃS‚SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№, Rg-SЂ R”. R”RµRјS‡SѓRye, S–RЅR¶. R”. RђRЅRgSЂS–S”RISЃSЊRyeRёR№, S–RЅR¶. R›. RљRѕSЃS‚R°SЂS–RI S– Rџ. RљRѕR¶RµRIRЅRёRyeS–RI). RќR° RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ SЃSѓRgRgSЋ RѕR±SЂR°RЅRѕ RЇ. R”SѓR±R°, RЅR° RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ — RїSЂRѕS„. RЇ. RњRѕSЂR°R»RµRIRёS‡R°. R’RёR±S–SЂ S†RёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–RI R±SѓRI S‚RµR¶ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR№".

RЎRIRѕS—RјRё RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR°RјRё R† RљRѕRЅT‘SЂRµSЃ RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RёRI R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅS– R·R°SЃR°RgRё S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·RјSѓ.

RџRѕ-RgSЂSѓRiRµ, Sѓ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏS… RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ R±SѓRgS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR° RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ RЅR°RyeSЂRµSЃR»RёRI RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRIRЅRёR№ RѕR±SЂR°R· RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ S– SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЃS‚SЂRѕSЋ SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRѕS— S– SЃRѕR±RѕSЂRЅRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ RIRёR·RЅR°S‡RёRI R·R°SЃR°RgRё RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕS— RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–S— S– – Sѓ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RgRѕ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕR±SЂR°R·Sѓ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё — R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅS– RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRЅS– SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRѕS—, RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕS—, RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕS—, S€RyeS–R»SЊRЅRѕS—, RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕS— S‚R° SЂRµR»S–RiS–R№RЅRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S‚RёRyeRё RћRЈRќ.

RџSЂRѕR±R»RµRјR° RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЃS‚SЂRѕSЋ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё RI S‚RѕRiRѕS‡R°SЃRЅRёS… S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅRёS… RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS†S–SЏS… R·R°R№RјR°R»R° RѕRgRЅRµ R· RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёS… RјS–SЃS†SЊ. RћSЃRЅRѕRIRЅR° RyeSЂRёS‚RёRyeR° R±SѓR»R° R·RѕSЃRµSЂRµRgR¶RµRЅR° RЅRµ RЅR° RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–S—, SЏRye S„RѕSЂRјS– RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЃS‚SЂRѕSЋ, R° RЅR° S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚S– RїR°SЂR»R°RјRµRЅS‚Sѓ, SЏRyeRёR№ RЅR° RgSѓRјRyeSѓ SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI, RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRIR°RI RyeSЂRёR·Sѓ.

RЎRµSЂRµRg SЂS–S€RµRЅSЊ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ R· S†SЊRѕRiRѕ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR°R№RIR°R¶R»RёRIS–S€RѕSЋ RIRёRgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚RµR·R° RїSЂRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅSѓ RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂSѓ SЏRye RїRµSЂS€RёR№ RµS‚R°Rї RЅR° S€R»SЏS…Sѓ RgRѕ RѕS„RѕSЂRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RgSѓRјRyeR° Rњ. RЎS†S–R±RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RїSЂRѕ RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RIRёSЂRѕR±R»RµRЅRЅSЏ RѕSЃS‚R°S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕS— SЃS…RµRјRё RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЃS‚SЂRѕSЋ RI RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–R№RЅRёS… SѓRјRѕRIR°S….

 RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RЎS†S–R±RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№

RџRµSЂS€RѕSЂSЏRgRЅRѕS— RIR°RiRё SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeRё RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RЅR°RgR°RIR°R»Rё SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRѕ-RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅS–R№ SЃRyeR»R°RgRѕRIS–R№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјRё, RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚SѓSЋS‡Rё S—S— RїRµSЂRµRgSѓSЃS–Rј, RЅR° R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ – RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅSѓ S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё.

RђRyeS‚RёRIRЅRѕ RѕR±RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЋRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RїRѕR»RѕR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ RIRёRyeSѓRї SЃRµR»SЏRЅR°RјRё R·RµRјRµR»SЊRЅRёS… RgS–R»SЏRЅRѕRye, R°R»Rµ S†SЏ S–RgRµSЏ RgRѕ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RїR»R°S‚S„RѕSЂRјRё RЅRµ RIRIS–R№S€R»R° R· RѕRiR»SЏRgSѓ RЅR° S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RјRѕRiR»R° RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°S‚Rё RЅRµRIRgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SЃRµSЂRµRg SЃRµR»SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RјR°SЃ RI R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, RgRµ S‚R°RyeRѕS— RїSЂR°RyeS‚RёRyeRё RЅRµ S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°R»Rѕ.

RќR°R№SЃRyeR»R°RgRЅS–S€RёRј RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏRј RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ SЃS‚R°R»R° S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–SЏ. R¦S–RyeR°RIRѕ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕ RgRѕ SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR° R·R±RѕSЂR°S… R±SѓR»Rѕ RїS–RgRgR°RЅRѕ RyeSЂRёS‚RёS†S– RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»S–R·Rј, S‚R° RISЂRµS€S‚S– RIRёRyeSЂRёSЃS‚SѓR»S–R·SѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЊ S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–S‡RЅR° RyeRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЏ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕS— RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S—. Rђ R·R°SЃS–RgR°RЅRЅSЏ S†S–S”S— RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–S— S‚SЂRёRIR°R»Rѕ RЅR°R№RgRѕRIS€Rµ:

"RњR°R№R¶Rµ RISЃS– S‡R»RµRЅRё RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–S— SЃS‚RѕSЏR»Rё RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RЅRѕ RЅR° RїRѕR·RёS†S–SЏS… S–RgRµR°R»S–R·RјSѓ. R”-SЂ R”. R”RµRјS‡SѓRye S‚RIRµSЂRgRѕ RѕR±RѕSЂRѕRЅSЏRI "R±R»R°RiRѕ RЅR°S†S–S—" SЏRye S–RgRµR°R» Sѓ SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–RЅRЅS– SЃS‚SЂRѕRiRѕ SѓS‚RёR»S–S‚R°SЂRёSЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRјSѓ. R”RёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–SЏ R·S–R№S€R»R° RЅR° S‚RѕSЂRё RiR»RёR±RёRЅRЅRѕS— RyeSЂRёS‚RёRyeRё SЃRёSЃS‚RµRј RјR°S‚RµSЂS–SЏR»S–R·RјSѓ S– RјR°R»R° RIRёRiR»SЏRg SЃRµRјS–RЅR°SЂSѓ RјRµS‚R°S„S–R·RёRyeRё.

R’SЃS– S–RЅS€S– RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–S— RїRѕRyeS–RЅS‡RёR»Rё SЃRIRѕS— RїSЂR°S†S–, S– RgRµS…S‚Rѕ RїS–RgSЃS–RgR°RI RgRѕ RЅR°SЃ S– RїRѕRgR°RIR°RI SЃRIRѕS— RgSѓRјRyeRё RgRѕ RgRёSЃRyeSѓSЃS–S—, S‰Rѕ, R·SЂRѕR·SѓRјS–R»Rѕ, RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓRIR°R»Rѕ S—S—, R±Rѕ S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕRIS‚RѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ R· RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅS–S… RgRЅS–RI. R’SЂRµS€S‚S–, R· Rg-SЂRѕRј R”. R”RµRјS‡SѓRyeRѕRј SѓSЃS‚S–R№RЅRµRЅRѕ S–RgRµR°R»S–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ S–RЅS‚RµSЂRїSЂRµS‚R°S†S–SЋ S– S‚RµRyeSЃS‚ SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚Sѓ".

R¤R°S‚R°R»SЊRЅRµ S„RѕS‚Rѕ

RќR° R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RµRЅRЅS– RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ R·R°RїSЂRѕSЃRёR»Rё S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„R°.

RџRµSЂS€RёR№ RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI. R’S–RgRµRЅSЊ, 1929 SЂS–Rye.

RЎRёRgSЏS‚SЊ R·R»S–RIR° RЅR°RїSЂR°RIRѕ 1 SЂSЏRg: R®R»S–R°RЅ R’R°SЃSЃRёSЏRЅ, R”RјRёS‚SЂRѕ RђRЅRgSЂS–S”RISЃSЊRyeRёR№, RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RљR°RїSѓSЃS‚SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№, R„RIRiRµRЅ RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ, RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RЎS†S–R±RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№, RЇRyeS–RI RњRѕSЂR°R»RµRIRёS‡, R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RњR°SЂS‚RёRЅRµS†SЊ, RњRёRyeRѕR»R° R’S–RyeSѓR».

RЎS‚RѕSЏS‚SЊ R·R»S–RIR° RЅR°RїSЂR°RIRѕ 2 SЂSЏRg: R†RIR°RЅ RњR°R»SЊRyeRѕ, RћSЃRёRї R‘RѕR№RgSѓRЅRёRye, RњR°RyeSЃRёRј R—R°RiSЂRёRIRЅRёR№, R„RIRiRµRЅ R—RёR±R»S–RyeRµRIRёS‡, RџRµS‚SЂRѕ RљRѕR¶RµRIRЅRёRyeS–RI, R”RјRёS‚SЂRѕ R”RµRјS‡SѓRye, R›RµRѕRЅS–Rg RљRѕSЃS‚R°SЂS–RI, RћR»RµSЃSЊ R‘R°R±S–R№, R S–RyeRѕ RЇSЂRёR№, RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RђRЅS‚RѕRЅRµRЅRyeRѕ, R—RµRЅRѕRЅ RџRµR»RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№.

RЎS‚RѕSЏS‚SЊ R·R»S–RIR° RЅR°RїSЂR°RIRѕ 3 SЂSЏRg: R®SЂS–R№ R SѓRgRµRЅRyeRѕ, RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI R‘R°SЂR°RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№, RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ RћS…SЂRёRјRѕRIRёS‡, RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№, RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ R¤RµRgRёRЅR°, RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI R“RµSЂR°SЃRёRјRѕRIRёS‡, RўRµRѕS„S–R» RџR°SЃS–S‡RЅRёRye-RўR°SЂRЅR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№, RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R—RiRѕSЂR»SЏRyeRµRIRёS‡

RџSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅR° RћRЈRќ S–RgRµSЏ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃRѕR±RѕSЂRЅRѕS— RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё R±SѓR»R° S‚RѕRgS– Sѓ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RyeSЂRёRјS–RЅR°R»SЊRЅRёRј R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅRѕRј. RўRѕRјSѓ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅSѓ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S‚R° S–RЅS€RёRј "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeR°Rј" S‚R°RyeRµ RїRѕSЂSѓS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S— RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕS€S‚SѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµ.

"RџRѕ SЃRїS–RIS– RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RiS–RјRЅSѓ R·R°RїR°RЅSѓRIR°RI RїS–RgRЅRµSЃRµRЅRёR№ S– R·RѕSЃRµSЂRµRgR¶RµRЅRёR№ RЅR°SЃS‚SЂS–R№. RќRµ S…RѕS‚S–R»RѕSЃSЏ RЅS–RyeRѕRјSѓ SЂRѕR·S…RѕRgRёS‚RёSЃSЏ RїRѕ RyeS–RјRЅR°S‚R°S…. RGS‚RѕSЃSЊ S–R· RїSЂRµR·RёRgS–S— RїRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRёRI R·R°S‚SЂRёRјR°S‚RёSЃSЏ S‰Rµ RI R·R°R»S–, R±Rѕ R·R°SЂR°R· RјR°S” RїSЂRёR№S‚Rё R·R°RјRѕRIR»RµRЅRёR№ S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„, S‰RѕR± SѓRIS–RyeRѕRIS–S‡RЅRёS‚Rё S†SЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅSѓ RїRѕRgS–SЋ", - R·RiR°RgSѓRIR°RI R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№.

RђR»Rµ SЂRµS€S‚R° RgRµR»RµRiR°S‚S–RI R·R°S…RѕRgRёR»R°SЃSЏ RiRѕS‚SѓRIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ: RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё RIS–RgSЃSѓRIR°S‚Rё SЃS‚S–R», R·S–SЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS‚Rё SЂSЏRgRѕRј RyeSЂS–SЃR»R° S– RїRµSЂRµSЃSѓRIR°S‚Rё S—S… RЅR° RISЃS– R±RѕRyeRё.

"RњRё, RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeRё, RїSЂRёR·RIRёS‡R°S”RЅS– RgRѕ R·R°RyeRѕRЅSѓ RЅRµ RgR°RIR°S‚Rё SЃRµR±Rµ RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„SѓRIR°S‚Rё R· S–RЅS€RёRј S‡R»RµRЅRѕRј RЈR’Rћ, "R·R±SѓRЅS‚SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ" S– R·S–R№S€R»RёSЃSЏ RI RyeSѓS‚RyeSѓ RIS‚SЂSЊRѕS…. R—R°RїR°R»SЊRЅRёR№ R„. R—RёR±R»S–RyeRµRIRёS‡ RЅRµSЂRIRѕRIRѕ R±S–RiR°RI RyeRѕR»Rѕ RїSЂR°R¶R°RЅ S– SЂRѕR·RїSЂRѕRјS–RЅRµRЅRѕ S‰RѕSЃSЊ S—Rј RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°RI".

"RљSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeRё" RIRёSЂS–S€RёR»Rё RЅRµ S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„SѓRIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ. RђR»Rµ SЏRye S†Rµ R·SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё, S‰RѕR± RЅRµ RѕR±SЂR°R·RёS‚Rё RїSЂRµR·RёRgS–S— S‚R° RЅRµ SЃRїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRёS‚Rё SЃRyeR°RЅRgR°R»Sѓ? RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RIR° R‘R°SЂR°RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRµR»RµRiSѓRIR°R»Rё RїRѕRiRѕRIRѕSЂRёS‚Rё S–R· SЃS‚R°SЂS€RёRјRё RyeRѕR»RµRiR°RјRё S‰RѕRgRѕ RїRѕSЂSѓS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂR°RIRёR» RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S—.

RўR° RI S†RµR№ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚ RїSЂRёR±S–Ri Sѓ RїS–RgRЅRµSЃRµRЅRѕRјSѓ RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS— R„RIRiRµRЅ R—RёR±R»S–RyeRµRIRёS‡ S– RїRѕS‡R°RI RgRѕSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏS‚Rё RїSЂRёSЏS‚RµR»S–RI Sѓ SЂSЏRg. R’RѕRЅRё RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЏ R№RѕRјSѓ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRёS‚Rё SЃRIRѕS— RїRѕR±RѕSЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‰RѕRgRѕ RїRѕSЂSѓS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S—.

RўRѕR№ R·R°RјR°S…R°RI SЂSѓRyeR°RјRё: "RgSѓSЂRЅRµ RIRё RїR»RµS‚RµS‚Rµ, SѓSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏR№S‚RµSЃSЏ SЃRyeRѕSЂRѕ RI SЂSЏRg" S– RїRѕR±S–Ri RgR°R»S–.

RGS‚RѕSЃSЊ RїRѕRiRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ SѓRјRѕRIR°S… RїS–RgRїS–R»R»SЏ S‚R°Rye S‡RёRЅRёS‚Rё – S‚Rѕ S‡RёRЅRёS‚Rё RїSЂR°RIRёR»SЊRЅRѕ S– RїSЂR°RIRёR» RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S†S–S— RЅR°R»RµR¶RёS‚SЊ RgRѕS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ Sѓ S‡R°SЃS– R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… RїRѕS—R·RgRѕRye. RђR»Rµ RyeRѕR»Rё S‚SѓS‚ RїRѕR»RѕRIRёRЅR° R·R°R»S– SЃR°RјS– S‡R»RµRЅRё RЈR’Rћ, S‚Rѕ S‡RѕRјSѓ RјRё RЅRµ RјR°S‚Rё RgRѕ RЅRёR· RgRѕRIS–SЂRё?!

R†S‰Rµ S…S‚RѕSЃSЊ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRёRI, S‰Rѕ S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„ — RїRµRIRЅR° R»SЋRgRёRЅR°, R· SЏRyeRѕSЋ RgRѕRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RЅ RЅRµ RјR°S” RїSЂR°RIR° SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё R¶RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgR±RёS‚RyeR° R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ, RЅS–R¶ S‚SЂRµR±R°.

 RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI R‘R°SЂR°RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№

RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI R‘R°SЂR°RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕSЂR°RgRёRI SЂRµS€S‚S– "RyeSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRyeS–RI" RЅRµ RIRёSЃSѓRIR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRg, "S‰RѕR± RЅRµ SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё SЃRµR±Rµ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёRјRё RїRµSЂSЃRѕRЅR°RјRё". RўRѕRјSѓ RѕR±RёRgRIR° RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅRё – R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‚R° RћS…SЂRёRјRѕRIRёS‡ – "R·R°S…RѕRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ" RI RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЊRѕRјSѓ SЂSЏRgS–.

R„RIRiRµRЅ R—RёR±R»S–RyeRµRIRёS‡ SѓSЃRµ-S‚R°RyeRё RЅRµ RIRёS‚SЂRёRјR°RI S– RIRјRѕSЃS‚RёRISЃSЏ R±R»RёR¶S‡Rµ RgRѕ RџRѕR»RyeRѕRIRЅRёRyeR°. "RќRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ SЏRye RIS–RgS‚SЏRiRЅSѓS‚R° R№RѕRiRѕ R·RIS–RgS‚Rё", - R·R°RїRёSЃR°RI R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№.

R”RѕSЃRёS‚SЊ RgRѕRIRiRѕ R±SѓR»Rѕ S‚R°S”RјRЅRёS†RµSЋ, R·RIS–RgRyeS–R»SЏ S– SЏRyeRёRј SЃRїRѕSЃRѕR±RѕRј RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° RїRѕR»S–S†S–SЏ RѕRgRµSЂR¶R°R»R° S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–SЋ R· R’S–RgRµRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RћRЈRќ. RќS–R±RёS‚Rѕ S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–SЋ  R·RЅR°R№S€R»R° RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° RїRѕR»S–S†S–SЏ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RѕR±S€SѓRyeSѓ RјS–R¶ RїR°RїRµSЂR°RјRё RїRѕRyeS–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° RћS…SЂRёRјRѕRIRёS‡R°. R¦RµR№ SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRye RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RїRѕRјRµSЂ RїS–SЃR»SЏ S‚RѕSЂS‚SѓSЂ RI RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїRѕR»S–S†S–S— Sѓ 1931 SЂRѕS†S–.

RђR»Rµ R·RiRѕRgRѕRј RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeR° RїRѕR»S–S†S–SЏ RIRёR·RЅR°R»R°, S‰Rѕ S„RѕS‚Rѕ S– RїRѕS–RјRµRЅRЅRёR№ SЃRїRёSЃRѕRye SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI RїSЂRёRIS–R· S–R· RџSЂR°RiRё S– RїRµSЂRµRgR°RI RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RїRѕR»S–S†S–S— R°RiRµRЅS‚ R RѕRјR°RЅ R‘R°SЂR°RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№.

RЈ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅS– 1932 SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓRgS– SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°RISЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S€S–SЃS‚SЊRѕS… SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ.

RќR° R»R°RIS– RїS–RgSЃSѓRgRЅRёS… RѕRїRёRЅRёR»RёSЃSЏ: R®R»S–SЏRЅ R’R°SЃSЃRёSЏRЅ, RћR»RµSЃSЊ R‘R°R±S–R№, RћSЃRёRї R‘RѕR№RgSѓRЅRёRye, RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№, R„RIRiRµRЅ R—RёR±R»S–RyeRµRIRёS‡, R—RµRЅRѕRЅ RџRµR»RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№. R¦RµR№ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃ SЃS‚R°RI RIS–RgRѕRјRёRј RїS–Rg RЅR°R·RIRѕSЋ „RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃSѓ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS–RIS†S–RI".

RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ SЃR»S–RgSЃS‚RIR° RїS–RgSЃSѓRgRЅS– SЃRїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ R·R°RїRµSЂRµS‡RёR»Rё SЃRIRѕSЋ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS– R№ RїSЂRёRЅR°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ. RђR»Rµ RЅR° SЃSѓRgS– R±SѓR»Rё RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅS– S—S… RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЂSѓS‡RЅS– RїS–RgRїRёSЃRё RЅR° RїSЂRёRIS–S‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ R»RёSЃS‚S– RgRѕ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· R·R°RїSЂRѕS€RµRЅRёS…, S‰Rѕ R·-R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅSѓ RЅRµ RјS–Ri RїSЂRёR±SѓS‚Rё RЅR° RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ.

RџS–RgSЃSѓRgRЅS– RIRёR·RЅR°R»Rё, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё R±SЂR°R»Rё SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ RI RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS–. R¤RѕS‚Rѕ "RЅR° RїR°RјSЏS‚SЊ" RyeRѕS€S‚SѓRIR°R»R° S—Rј RїRѕ 4 SЂRѕRyeRё SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ. RЎSѓRg RyeRIR°R»S–S„S–RyeSѓRIR°RI R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Sѓ R·R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SЏRye RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅSѓ R·SЂR°RgSѓ.

RџS–SЃR»SЏRјRѕRIR°

R”RѕR»SЏ 30 SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ – S†Rµ R·SЂS–R· S‡R°SЃSѓ.

R®R»S–R°RЅ R’R°SЃSЃRёSЏRЅ (SЃRёRgRёS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRµSЂS€RѕRјSѓ SЂSЏRgSѓ, 1-R№ R·R»S–RIR°), R±SѓRgRµ RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·RїR»R°S‚RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° S†Rµ S„RѕS‚Rѕ 4 SЂRѕRyeR°RјRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S–. RџRѕS‚S–Rј R±SѓRgRµ S‰Rµ SЂSЏRg SѓRI’SЏR·RµRЅSЊ Sѓ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R° RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°S…. RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ(RјRµR»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RIS†S–RI). RџRѕRјSЂRµ RI RЎRЁRђ Sѓ 1953 SЂRѕS†S–.

R”RјRёS‚SЂRѕ RђRЅRgSЂS–S”RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ (1-R№ SЂSЏRg, 2-R№ R·R»S–RIR°), RIS…RѕRgRёS‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI. RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ(Rњ), RѕS‡RѕR»SЋRIR°S‚RёRјRµ SЂRµS„RµSЂR°RЅS‚SѓSЂSѓ R·RѕRIRЅS–S€RЅS–S… R·RI’SЏR·RyeS–RI. R’’SЏR·RµRЅSЊ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ R—R°RyeSЃRµRЅS…R°SѓR·RµRЅ. RџRѕRјSЂRµ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS– Sѓ 1976 SЂRѕS†S–.

RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RљR°RїSѓSЃS‚SЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ (1-R№ SЂSЏRg, 3-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ (RјRµR»SЊRЅRёRyeS–RIS†S–RI), SЃS‚RIRѕSЂSЋRIR°S‚RёRјRµ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIS–RgRgS–R»Rё RћRЈRќ (Rњ) RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё. R’S–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ RЈRќR  RI RµRyeR·RёR»S–. RџRѕRјSЂRµ Sѓ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS– Sѓ 1969 SЂRѕS†S–.

R„RIRiRµRЅ RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ (1-R№ SЂSЏRg, 4 R·R»S–RIR°). R“RѕR»RѕRIR° RћRЈRќ (1929-1938). R—R°RiRёRЅSѓRI RIRЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye S‚RµSЂR°RyeS‚Sѓ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·RѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ R°RiRµRЅS‚RѕRј RќRљR’R” RџR°RIR»RѕRј RЎSѓRgRѕRїR»R°S‚RѕRIRёRј RЅR° RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚Sѓ RIRyeR°R·S–RIRyeSѓ R™RѕSЃRёRїR° RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° Sѓ R RѕS‚S‚RµSЂRgR°RјS–, RќS–RgRµSЂR»R°RЅRgRё.

RњRёRyeRѕR»R° RЎS†S–R±RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRёR№ (1-R№ SЂSЏRg, 5-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RћR±SЂR°RЅRёR№ RЅR° RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS– RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№RЅRёRј SЂRµS„RµSЂRµRЅS‚RѕRј RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI, R±SѓRI S„R°RyeS‚RёS‡RЅRѕ R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRyeRѕRј R„. RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»SЊS†SЏ RgRѕ R№RѕRiRѕ R·R°RiRёR±RµR»S–. RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ(Rњ). RђRIS‚RѕSЂ RїSЂR°S†S– "RќR°S†S–RѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–SЏ". R—R°RiRёRЅSѓRI RIS–Rg SЂSѓRye R°RiRµRЅS‚R° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЃRїRµS†SЃR»SѓR¶R± Sѓ R–RёS‚RѕRјRёSЂS– Sѓ 1941 SЂRѕS†S–.

RЇRyeS–RI RњRѕSЂR°R»RµRIRёS‡ (1-R№ SЂSЏRg, 6-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RќR° RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS– RѕR±SЂR°RЅRёR№ R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRёRј RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂRѕR»SЊRЅRёRј RћRЈRќ. R—R°R№RјR°RISЃSЏ RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°S†SЊRyeRѕSЋ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ. RџS–SЃR»SЏ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё RµRјS–RiSЂSѓRIR°RI RgRѕ RЎRЁRђ, RgRµ R±SѓRI SЃRїS–RIR·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚RµS…RЅS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚Sѓ RI RќSЊSЋ-R™RѕSЂRyeSѓ. RџRѕRјSЂRµ RI RЎRЁRђ Sѓ 1961 SЂRѕS†S–.

R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RњR°SЂS‚RёRЅRµS†SЊ (1-R№ SЂSЏRg, 7-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RџSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµ SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeSѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR° SЂRµRgR°RiSѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµ S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃRё "R RѕR·R±SѓRgRѕRIR° RЅR°S†S–S—" S‚R° "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ SЃR»RѕRIRѕ". RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ(Rњ). R’’SЏR·RµRЅSЊ S„S–R»S–S— RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ R—R°RyeSЃRµRЅS…R°SѓR·RµRЅ. RџRѕRјSЂRµ RI RљR°RЅR°RgS– Sѓ 1960 SЂRѕS†S–.

RњRёRyeRѕR»R° R’S–RyeSѓR» (1-R№ SЂSЏRg, 8-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RџSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RёS‚SЊ RIRёRyeR»R°RgR°S†SЊRyeSѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ. R’ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– SЂRѕRyeRё R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚RёRјRµ RI R»R°R±RѕSЂR°S‚RѕSЂS–S— RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeRѕS— RїRѕR»S–S‚RµS…RЅS–RyeRё. RџRѕRјSЂRµ RI R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– Sѓ 1935 SЂRѕS†S–.

R†RIR°RЅ RњR°R»SЊRyeRѕ (SЃS‚RѕS—S‚SЊ Sѓ 2-RјSѓ SЂSЏRgS–, 1-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RќR° RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS– R±SѓRI Sѓ SЏRyeRѕSЃS‚S– RiRѕSЃS‚SЏ. RЈ 1930 SЂRѕS†S– SЃS‚R°RЅRµ RgRѕRyeS‚RѕSЂRѕRј RїSЂR°RIR° RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R’S–R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RЈRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚S– RI RџSЂR°R·S–. RџRѕRgR°R»SЊS€R° RgRѕR»SЏ RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјR°.

RћSЃRёRї R‘RѕR№RgSѓRЅRёRye (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 2-R№ R·R»S–RIR°), S–S‰Rµ RѕRgRёRЅ R· S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·RїR»R°S‚RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° S†Rµ S„RѕS‚Rѕ 4 SЂRѕRyeR°RјRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S–. RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ(Rњ). R’’SЏR·RµRЅSЊ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚SЋSЂRµRј. RџRѕRјSЂRµ RI RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS– Sѓ 1966 SЂRѕS†S–.

RњR°RyeSЃRёRј R—R°RiSЂRёRIRЅRёR№ (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 3-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RџRµSЂS€RёR№ R· SѓS‡R°SЃRЅRёRyeS–RI RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃSѓ, S‰Rѕ RIS–RgS–R№RgRµ Sѓ RyeSЂR°S‰S– SЃRIS–S‚Rё. RЈ 1931 SЂRѕS†S– RїRѕRјSЂRµ RIS–Rg S‚SѓR±RµSЂRyeSѓR»SЊRѕR·Sѓ Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S–.

R„RIRiRµRЅ R—RёR±R»S–RyeRµRIRёS‡ (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 4-R№ R·R»S–RIR°), S‚SЂRµS‚S–R№ R· S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·RїR»R°S‚RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° S†Rµ S„RѕS‚Rѕ 4 SЂRѕRyeR°RјRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S–. R—RiRѕRgRѕRј R·R°R№RјR°S‚RёRјRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ. RџRµSЂRµR±RµSЂRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–SЋ, RgRµ R±SѓRgRµ R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅRёRј RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRѕRј RiRµS‚SЊRјR°RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ. RџRѕRјSЂRµ Sѓ RЎRЁRђ Sѓ 1987 SЂRѕS†S–.

RџRµS‚SЂRѕ RљRѕR¶RµRIRЅRёRyeS–RI (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 5-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). R©Rµ S‚RѕRiRѕ R¶ 1929 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, Sѓ R»RёSЃS‚RѕRїR°RgS– SЂS–S€RµRЅRЅSЏRј SЃSѓRgSѓ RћRЈRќ R±SѓRgRµ RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RµRЅRёR№ R· RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— R·R° RїRѕSЂSѓS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRёSЃS†RёRїR»S–RЅRё, S–RЅS‚SЂRёRiRё RISЃRµSЂRµRgRёRЅS– RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— S‚R° SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋ R· RIRѕSЂRѕR¶RёRјRё SЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS‚SѓSЂR°RјRё. R™RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕ R°RiRµRЅS‚ R“RџRЈ-RќRљR’R”. R’’SЏR·RµRЅSЊ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–RI. RџRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ 1980 SЂRѕS†S– RI RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS–.

R”RјRёS‚SЂRѕ R”RµRјS‡SѓRye (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 6-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RћR±SЂR°RЅRёR№ RgRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI, S„S–RЅR°RЅSЃRѕRIRёR№ SЂRµS„RµSЂRµRЅS‚ RџRЈRќSѓ. R—R°R°SЂRµS€S‚RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RЎRњR•R RЁRµRј 1945 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RџS–SЃR»SЏ 10-SЂS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓRISЏR·RЅRµRЅRЅSЏ R”RјRёS‚SЂRѕ R”RµRјS‡SѓRye RїRµSЂRµS—S…R°RI RgRѕ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё. RџRѕRјRµSЂ S‚R°Rј R¶Rµ R¶ Sѓ 1963 SЂRѕS†S–.

R›RµRѕRЅS–Rg RљRѕSЃS‚R°SЂS–RI (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 7-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RЈ 1933 – RќR°RgR·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRёRј RЎSѓRgRѕRј RћRЈRќ RIRёRyeR»SЋS‡RµRЅRёR№ S–R· S‡R»RµRЅS–RI RџRЈRќ S‚R° SЃR°RјRѕS— RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S—. RџSЂRёS‡RёRЅRё: R±SѓRI R·R°RїS–RgRѕR·SЂRµRЅRёR№ Sѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RЅR° RyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚SЊ S‡SѓR¶RѕS— SЂRѕR·RIS–RgRyeRё (SЏRye R·SЏSЃSѓRIR°R»RѕSЃSЏ R·RiRѕRgRѕRј, SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS—). RџS–SЃR»SЏ 1939 – SЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ RќRљR’R” Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRѕS— RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S— S‚R° RїS–SЃR»SЏ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё, RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRyeSѓ R—R§ RћRЈRќ RI RњSЋRЅS…RµRЅS–. RџRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ 1973 SЂRѕS†S– Sѓ R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS–.

RћR»RµSЃSЊ R‘R°R±S–R№ (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 8-R№ R·R»S–RIR°), R±SѓRgRµ S‡RµS‚RIRµSЂS‚RёRј R· S‚RёS…, RyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRI’SЏR·RЅSЏS‚SЊ Sѓ RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– RЅR° 4 SЂRѕRyeRё R·R° S†Rµ S„RѕS‚Rѕ. RђRIS‚RѕSЂ R“S–RјRЅSѓ RћRЈRќ "R—SЂRѕRgRёR»RёSЃSЊ RјRё RIRµR»RёRyeRѕS— RiRѕRgRёRЅRё", S‰Rѕ S–R· 2018 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S” RњR°SЂS€RµRј R—R±SЂRѕR№RЅRёS… RЎRёR» RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё. RџSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶SѓRIR°RI R»S–S‚RµSЂR°S‚SѓSЂRЅSѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, R° R·RiRѕRgRѕRј RЅR° RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–S—. RџRѕRјSЂRµ RI RЎRЁRђ Sѓ 1975 SЂRѕS†S–.

R S–RyeRѕ RЇSЂRёR№ (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 9-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). R’RIS–R№RgRµ RgRѕ SЃRyeR»R°RgSѓ RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI. RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ (R±R°RЅRgRµSЂS–RIS†S–RI). RЎS‚R°RЅRµ SЃRїS–RIRѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S‚RѕSЂRѕRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R±R°S‚R°R»SЊR№RѕRЅSѓ "R RѕR»R»R°RЅRg", R° Sѓ 1941 SЂRѕS†S– R±SѓRgRµ RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ RїRѕSЃR»RѕRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RЇRїRѕRЅS–S—. RџRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°S‚RёRјRµ Sѓ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… S‚SЋSЂRјR°S… S‚R° RїS–Rg RїRѕR»S–S†S–R№RЅRёRј RЅR°RiR»SЏRgRѕRј. RџS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё RIS–RgS–R№RgRµ RIS–Rg RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S–. RџRѕRјSЂRµ Sѓ 1969 SЂRѕS†S– RI RђRISЃS‚SЂS–S—.

R—RµRЅRѕRЅ RџRµR»RµRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 11-R№ R·R»S–RIR°), R±SѓRgRµ S–S‰Rµ RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·RїR»R°S‚RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° S†Rµ S„RѕS‚Rѕ RyeS–R»SЊRyeRѕRјR° SЂRѕRyeR°RјRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S–. R’RёR№RgRµ R· RћRЈRќ Sѓ 1934 SЂRѕS†S–, S– R±SѓRgRµ RgS–SЏS‡RµRј RЈRќR”Rћ. RЎS‚R°RЅRµ SЃRїS–RIR·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕS— R’RёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё, R° RЅR° RµRјS–RiSЂR°S†S–S— RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeS–RI R—R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёS†S‚RIR° RЈR“R’R . 1955–1967 — S‡R»RµRЅ SЂRµRgR°RyeS†S–S— SЂR°RgS–Rѕ "RЎRIRѕR±RѕRgR°". RџRѕRјSЂRµ RI RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS– Sѓ 1979 SЂRѕS†S–.

R®SЂS–R№ R SѓRgRµRЅRyeRѕ (RЎS‚RѕS—S‚SЊ Sѓ RIRµSЂS…RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ, 3-RјSѓ SЂSЏRgS–, 1-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RџRѕRgR°R»SЊS€R° RgRѕR»SЏ RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјR°.

RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI R‘R°SЂR°RЅRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ (3-R№ SЂSЏRg, 2-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). R‘SѓRgRµ RyeRѕRѕRїS‚RѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RgRѕ RџRЈRќ, R° S–R· 1933 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃS‚R°RЅRµ R№RѕRiRѕ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRµRј. R‘SѓRgRµ RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RЅR°R±R»RёR¶RµRЅRёRј RgRѕ R„. RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»SЊS†SЏ. R™RѕRiRѕ RїRѕSЃS‚R°S‚SЊ SЃS‚R°RЅRµ RѕRgRЅS–S”SЋ S–R· RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RI RћRЈRќ. RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ (Rњ). R—R°RiRёRЅRµ Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS– R·R° RЅRµR·’SЏSЃRѕRIR°RЅRёS… RѕR±SЃS‚R°RIRёRЅ Sѓ 1943 SЂRѕS†S–.

RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ RћS…SЂRёRјRѕRIRёS‡ (3-R№ SЂSЏRg, 3-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). R†R· 1930 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃS‚R°RЅRµ RљSЂR°R№RѕRIRёRј RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RћRЈRќ. R‘SѓRgRµ RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·RїR»R°S‚RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° S†Rµ S„RѕS‚Rѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏRј. RџS–SЃR»SЏ R°SЂRµS€S‚Sѓ S‚R° S‚RѕSЂS‚SѓSЂ Sѓ RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S–, R№RѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRїSѓSЃS‚SЏS‚SЊ RgRѕRgRѕRјSѓ, RgRµ RIRЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye RѕS‚SЂRёRјR°RЅRёS… S‚SЂR°RIRј RїRѕRјSЂRµ Sѓ RyeRIS–S‚RЅS– 1931 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RђRIS‚RѕSЂ RїSЂR°S†S– "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–R·Rј".

R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRёR№ RiRµSЂRѕR№ S†S–S”S— RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S— – RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R›RµRЅRyeR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ (3-R№ SЂSЏRg, 4-R№ R·R»S–RIR°), R±SѓRgRµ RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ SЂRѕR·RїR»R°S‚RёS‚SЊSЃSЏ R·R° S†Rµ S„RѕS‚Rѕ 4 SЂRѕRyeR°RјRё RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†S–. RђRIS‚RѕSЂ "R”RµRyeR°R»RѕRiSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚R°". RџS–SЃR»SЏ SЂRѕR·RyeRѕR»Sѓ RЅR°R»RµR¶R°S‚RёRјRµ RgRѕ RћRЈRќ (R±R°RЅRgRµSЂS–RIS†S–RI). R’’SЏR·RµRЅSЊ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RђSѓS€RIS–S†. R“RѕR»RѕRIR° RџSЂRѕRIRѕRgSѓ R—R§ RћRЈRќ Sѓ 1959-1968 SЂRѕRyeR°S…, RїS–SЃR»SЏ R·R°RiRёR±RµR»S– RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRё. RџRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ 1977 SЂRѕS†S– RI RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅS–.

RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ R¤RµRgRёRЅR° (3-R№ SЂSЏRg, 5-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RЎS‚R°RЅRµ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЈR’Rћ-RћRЈRќ Sѓ RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RјS–SЃS‚S– R”R°RЅS†S–RiSѓ. R—RiRѕRgRѕRј S‡RµSЂRµR· RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeSѓ R·R°RiSЂRѕR·Sѓ RїRµSЂRµR±RµSЂRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ RgRѕ R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅSѓ, RgRµ RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚RёRјRµ RI R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRѕRјSѓ RIS–RgRgS–R»S– RћRЈRќ. RџS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚RёRјRµ RgRёR·R°R№RЅRµSЂRѕRј RЅR° R·R°RIRѕRgS– "R”R¶RµRЅRµSЂR°R» RњRѕS‚RѕSЂSЃ" RI RћS€R°RIS–. RџRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ 1958 SЂRѕS†S– RI RљR°RЅR°RgS–.

RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI R“RµSЂR°SЃRёRјRѕRIRёS‡ (3-R№ SЂSЏRg, 6-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). RќR° RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeSѓ 1930-S… SЂRѕRyeS–RI SЃS‚R°RЅRµ SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRµRј RћRЈRќ Sѓ R§RµS…RѕSЃRѕR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS–. RџS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°S‚RёRјRµ S–R· RЈRџRђ. RџS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё RµRјS–RiSЂSѓRIR°RI RgRѕ RЎRЁRђ. RџRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ 1971SЂRѕS†S– Sѓ RЎRЁRђ.

RўRµRѕS„S–R» RџR°SЃS–S‡RЅRёRye-RўR°SЂRЅR°RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ (3-R№ SЂSЏRg, 6-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). R RµRїSЂRµSЃRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ RќRљR’R” RїS–SЃR»SЏ R”SЂSѓRiRѕS— SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё. RџRѕRgR°R»SЊS€R° RgRѕR»SЏ RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјR°.

RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R—RiRѕSЂR»SЏRyeRµRIRёS‡ (3-R№ SЂSЏRg, 7-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). R—RiRѕRgRѕRј RµRјS–RiSЂSѓRIR°RI RgRѕ RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅRё, S‡R»RµRЅ R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgRgS–R»Sѓ RћRЈRќ RI R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅS–. RџRѕRyeRёRЅSѓRI RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ. RџSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI RЅR°Rg R±SѓRgS–RIRЅRёS†S‚RIRѕRј RјRѕSЃS‚S–RI S‡RµSЂRµR· R’S–SЃR»Sѓ. RџRѕRјRµSЂ 1979 SЂRѕRyeSѓ Sѓ R’R°SЂS€R°RIS–.

R„RgRёRЅRёRј "RyeRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃS–RIS†RµRј", S…S‚Rѕ RЅR° RIR»R°SЃRЅS– RѕS‡S– RїRѕR±R°S‡RёRI, SЏRye SЂRµR°R»S–R·SѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RјRµS‚R° RћRЈRќ – RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё – SЃS‚R°RЅRµ RњRёS…R°R№R»Rѕ RђRЅS‚RѕRЅRµRЅRyeRѕ (2-R№ SЂSЏRg, 10-R№ R·R»S–RIR°). R†R· 1929 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±SѓRgRµ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRѕRј RћRЈRќ Sѓ R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–S—. RџRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅRёR№ R°RyeS‚RёRIS–SЃS‚ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ Sѓ R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–S—. RџRѕRјSЂRµ 27 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1993 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RјSѓRЅS–S†RёRїR°R»S–S‚RµS‚S– R R°RЅRIS–R»SЊ, R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–SЏ.

RџSЂRё RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIS†S– RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Sѓ RIRёRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°RЅRѕ RїSЂR°S†SЋ R’. RњSѓSЂR°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ "RљRѕRЅRiSЂRµSЃ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI 1929 SЂ.: RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё S– RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё".

R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R‘S–SЂS‡R°Rye – S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye, RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRye R°RyeR°RgRµRјS–S‡RЅRёS… RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°Rј R¦RµRЅS‚SЂSѓ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅSЊ RIRёR·RIRѕR»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂSѓS…Sѓ, SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂ "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRgRё".

 

RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂ R—S–RЅS‡RµRЅRyeRѕ – S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye, R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚, R·R°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёRye RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂR° "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRgRё".

 

R”RёRIS–S‚SЊSЃSЏ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶:

1933: RђS‚RµRЅS‚R°S‚ RњRёRyeRѕR»Rё R›RµRјRёRyeR° RЅR° RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeR° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅSЃSѓR»R° Sѓ R›SЊRIRѕRIS–

RћRЈRќ, RЎR RЎR  S– R›RёS‚RIR° - SЃRѕSЋR·RЅRёRyeRё RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–

"RќR°Rg R№RѕRiRѕ RiSЂRѕR±RѕRј RyeR»RѕRЅRёRјRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRISѓ". RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїSЂRµSЃR° RїSЂRѕ R·R°RiRёR±RµR»SЊ RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»SЊS†SЏ

RљRѕRЅRѕRIR°R»RµS†SЊ S– R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё. R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ (RЅRµ)SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– RћRЈRќ S‚R° RЎR RЎR 

R”Rѕ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRiS–SЋ RћRЈRќ. RЇRye RIRѕRЅR° R·RјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye: "RћRЈRќ R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡SѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ Sѓ RїSЂR°S†S– RЅR° S”RISЂRµS—RI"

RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°

RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RЅRµ RјS–Ri SЃRyeR°R·R°S‚Rё, SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё R»SЋRgRµR№ RїS–Rg R’RµSЂS…RѕRIRЅRѕSЋ R R°RgRѕSЋ: S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S–, RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeRё S‚RёSЃSЏS‡? Rђ RјRѕR¶Rµ, RISЃS– SЃS‚Rѕ S‚RёSЃSЏS‡? R”RµRїSѓS‚R°S‚Rё, SЏRyeS– RїSЂRѕS…RѕRgRёR»Rё RyeSЂS–R·SЊ RЅR°S‚RѕRIRї, RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S‡RёSЃR»R°. R‘SѓRI SЃRѕRЅSЏS‡RЅRёR№ SЃSѓR±RѕS‚RЅS–R№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye 24 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ.

100 RyeRЅRёRi RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–. "R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°" SЂRµRyeRѕRјRµRЅRgSѓS”

RџRµSЂRµR»S–Rye RIRёRgR°RЅSЊ, SЏRyeS– RIRёR№S€R»Rё R·R° S‡R°SЃS–RI RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– S– SЏRyeS– RgR°SЋS‚SЊ RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ RїS–R·RЅR°S‚Rё S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RЅR°S€RёS… SЃSѓSЃS–RgS–RI, RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… R»SЋRgRµR№ S– SЏRIRёS‰. R† SЏRyeS– SЂRѕR±R»SЏS‚SЊ S†Rµ R· SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RїRµSЂSЃRїRµRyeS‚RёRI. RџRµRIRЅS–, S‰Rѕ S‡R°SЃ, RIRёS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёR№ RЅR° S‡RёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅRµ R±SѓRgRµ RIS‚SЂR°S‡RµRЅRёRј.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–. RќR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ S‡RѕS‚RёSЂSЊRѕS… RyeRѕRЅS‚RёRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– vЂ” RЅR°R№RЅRµS‰R°SЃR»RёRIS–S€R° RЅR°S†S–SЏ R„RISЂRѕRїRё, RѕR±RѕS… RђRјRµSЂRёRye S‚R° RђRISЃS‚SЂR°R»S–S—. RўR°RyeRёRј S” RїS–RgSЃSѓRјRѕRye RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeSѓ RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRgRЅS– 28-S— SЂS–S‡RЅRёS†S– RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚Rё. RЇRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R·RјS–RЅSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј SЂRѕRyeS–RI RќRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S–? R§RѕRјSѓ RјRё RIRїSЂRёS‚SѓR» RЅRµ RїRѕRјS–S‡R°S”RјRѕ, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃRїSЂR°RIRgS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° vЂ” RЅRµ RЈRiR°RЅRgR°!?

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?