RЎRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚

RќR° RїRѕRјS–S‡ SЂS–RgRЅS–R№ R·RµRјR»S–. R“RѕR»RѕRg 1921-1923 SЂSЂ. S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїSЂRµSЃR° RљR°RЅR°RgRё

"R“RѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃSЊRyeR° RyeSЂS–R·R° RЅR° RISЃS–S… R·RµRјR»SЏS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅRµS‡SѓRIR°RЅR° R·R° RISЃSЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ... "RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·Rј" R·SЂSѓRЅSѓRIR°RI RgRѕ-S‰RµRЅS‚Rё R¶RёS‚S” RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRµ, RgRѕS—RI RЅR°RgR±R°RЅS” RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅRёS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI, S– S‚RµRїRµSЂ RiRѕR»RѕRg S– SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЊ R·R°RiR»SЏRgR°S‚SЊ RI RIS–S‡S– RЅR°SЂRѕRgRѕRIRё RЅR°S€RѕRјSѓ", vЂ” RїRёSЃR°R»R° RiR°R·RµS‚R° "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ S„R°SЂRјRµSЂ" 27 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ 1921 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

RЎR»SѓS…R°R№S‚Rµ, SЃR»SѓS…R°R№S‚Rµ RyeSЂRёRye S–R· R±RµR·RѕRgRЅS–,



RќR°S€Sѓ RјRѕR»RёS‚RISѓ RiRѕSЂSЏS‡Sѓ...

R’Rё, S‰Rѕ RѕR±S–RgR°R»Rё R№ SЃRёS‚S– SЃSЊRѕRiRѕRgRЅS–,

RљRёRЅSЊS‚Rµ S…RѕS‡ S€RyeS–SЂSѓ SЃRѕR±R°S‡Sѓ!

R— RIS–SЂS€R° RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂR° RћR»RµSЃSЏ, RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RI RiR°R·RµS‚R°S…

"RљR°RЅR°RgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye" S– "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ" RI 1922 SЂRѕS†S–.



R—R°SЂR°R· SѓR¶Rµ RgRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ RIS–RgRѕRјRѕ RїSЂRѕ R·SѓSЃRёR»R»SЏ R·R°S…S–RgRЅRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI S‚R° "R»SЋRgRµR№ RїSЂR°RIRgRё" R· S–RЅS€RёS… RyeSЂR°S—RЅ RgRѕRЅRµSЃS‚Rё SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIS– RїSЂR°RIRgRёRISѓ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–SЋ RїSЂRѕ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ. R–SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚Rё S‚R°S”RјRЅRѕ S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅRё RѕRїSѓS…R»RёS… RIS–Rg RЅRµRgRѕS—RgR°RЅRЅSЏ SЃRµR»SЏRЅ S‚R° RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»Rё RјRѕS‚RѕSЂRѕS€RЅS– SЂRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°R¶S– Sѓ SЃRIRѕS—S… RiR°R·RµS‚R°S….

R“SЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeS– RgS–SЏS‡S– R·R±RёSЂR°R»Rё RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiSѓ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј S– RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕSЃS‚SѓRyeR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ RјS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№ S‚R° SѓSЂSЏRgS–RI RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RyeSЂR°S—RЅ. R”SѓS…RѕRIRµRЅSЃS‚RIRѕ R“SЂRµRyeRѕ-RyeR°S‚RѕR»RёS†SЊRyeRѕS— S†RµSЂRyeRIRё S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјSѓRIR°R»Rѕ R’R°S‚RёRyeR°RЅ RїSЂRѕ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRg SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЂRѕRgSѓ.

RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ 1932-1933 R±SѓRI RЅRµ RїRµSЂS€RёRј RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRј RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏS…. RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј 1921-1923 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RјR°SЃRѕRIRёR№ RiRѕR»RѕRg RѕS…RѕRїRёRI RїS–RIRgRµRЅRЅS– RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–S— R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё.

R RѕR·SЂSѓS…R° RїS–SЃR»SЏ RIS–R№RЅRё R· R±S–R»RѕRiRIR°SЂRgS–R№S†SЏRјRё S‚R° RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRёRјRё RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR°RјRё, RЅRµRISЂRѕR¶R°R№ S‚R° RiRѕR»RѕRg RЅR° RџRѕRIRѕR»R¶S– SЃRїRѕRЅSѓRyeR°R»Rё R R°RgSѓ RќR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RљRѕRјS–SЃR°SЂS–RI R RѕSЃS–S— RIRёSЂS–S€RёS‚Rё RїSЂRѕR±R»RµRјRё R·R° SЂR°S…SѓRЅRѕRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S…R»S–R±R°. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ R·R±S–R¶R¶SЏ R№S€R»Rѕ RЅR° RџRѕRIRѕR»R¶SЏ, RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRiSЂR°Rg, S–RЅS€S– RїSЂRѕRјRёSЃR»RѕRIS– S†RµRЅS‚SЂRё S‚R° RЅR° RµRyeSЃRїRѕSЂS‚ R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰RѕR± RiRѕRgSѓRIR°S‚Rё S‚RёS…, S…S‚Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RIRёSЂRѕSЃS‚RёRI.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј RїRёR»SЊRЅRѕ SЃR»S–RgRyeSѓRIR°R»Rё R·R° SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‰RµRј SЃRїSЂR°RI RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, SЏRyeR° S‰Rµ RЅRµRgR°RIRЅRѕ R±RѕSЂRѕR»R°SЃSЏ R·R° SЃRIRѕSЋ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS–SЃS‚SЊ. RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RgS–R°SЃRїRѕSЂR° RI RљR°RЅR°RgS–, RѕRgRЅR° R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… S‚R° RЅR°R№R°RyeS‚RёRIRЅS–S€RёS… SЃRµSЂRµRg R·R°RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRЅRёS… RiSЂRѕRјR°Rg SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI.

R“RѕR»RѕRg 1921-1923 SЂRѕRyeS–RI R±SѓRI RѕRgRЅS–S”SЋ R· S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRёS… S‚RµRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RїSЂRµSЃRё RљR°RЅR°RgRё S‚RѕRiRѕ S‡R°SЃSѓ. RќR°S€R° RgS–R°SЃRїRѕSЂR° RIRёRgR°RIR°R»R° S‚RѕRgS– Rї’SЏS‚SЊ RIRµR»RёRyeRёS… RiR°R·RµS‚ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RјRѕRIRѕSЋ. RљRѕR¶RЅR° R· RiR°R·RµS‚ RјR°R»R° R·R° SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ RїRµRIRЅRµ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕ-RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRµ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰Rµ, S‰Rѕ RIRёR·RЅR°S‡R°R»Rѕ S‚RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃSѓ. RўRѕRјSѓ S‡R°SЃS‚Rѕ S†S– RјR°SЃ-RјRµRgS–R° RyeRѕRЅRyeSѓSЂSѓRIR°R»Rё S‡Rё RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RIRѕSЂRѕRiSѓRIR°R»Rё RјS–R¶ SЃRѕR±RѕSЋ.



R§RѕS‚RёSЂRё RiR°R·RµS‚Rё RIS–RgRЅRѕSЃRёS‚SЊ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRye, RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂ RљRIRµR±RµRyeSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SѓRЅS–RIRµSЂSЃRёS‚RµS‚Sѓ R RѕRјR°RЅ RЎRµSЂR±RёRЅ RgRѕ "RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ" S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ. R¦Rµ S”RIR°RЅRiRµR»S–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№  "RљR°RЅR°RgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye", RyeR°S‚RѕR»RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ", RїSЂR°RIRѕSЃR»R°RIRЅRёR№ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRѕR»RѕSЃ" S– R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёR№ "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ S„R°SЂRјRµSЂ". 

RџRѕRїSЂRё RїRµRIRЅS– SЂRѕR·R±S–R¶RЅRѕSЃS‚S– RISЃS–S… S—S… S”RgRЅR°R»Rѕ RЅRµRiR°S‚RёRIRЅRµ SЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·RјSѓ. R‡S…RЅS– SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰R° RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ RѕRyeSѓRїRѕRIR°RЅRѕSЋ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕSЋ R RѕSЃS–S”SЋ.

"RљR°RЅR°RgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye" RIRёRgR°RIR°R»Rё RI 1920-1960 SЂRѕRyeR°S… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– - S”RIR°RЅRiRµR»SЊSЃSЊRyeS– S…SЂRёSЃS‚RёSЏRЅRё, RgRѕ SЏRyeRёS… R·RiRѕRgRѕRј RgRѕR»SѓS‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ S–RЅS€S– S‚RµS‡S–S— RїSЂRѕS‚RµSЃS‚R°RЅS‚RёR·RјSѓ. R’ 1961 SЂRѕS†S– RiR°R·RµS‚R° R±SѓR»R° RїRµSЂRµR№RјRµRЅRѕRIR°RЅR° RЅR° "R„RIR°RЅRiRµR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye". 

R‡Rј RїSЂRѕS‚RёSЃS‚RѕSЏR»Rё "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡S– RIS–SЃS‚S–" — RїSЂRѕSЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RiR°R·RµS‚R° RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI. "RЈR R’" RIRIR°R¶R°R»Rё SЃRµR±Rµ RIRёSЂR°R·RЅRёRyeRѕRј S–RЅS‚RµSЂRµSЃS–RI RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂS–R°S‚Sѓ S‚R° R±S–RgRЅRёS… S„RµSЂRјRµSЂS–RI SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕS…RѕRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RI RљR°RЅR°RgS–.

R“R°R·RµS‚RЅS– RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S— RїSЂRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRg — S†Rµ SЃRIRѕS”SЂS–RgRЅRµ RgR·RµSЂRyeR°R»Rѕ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RїRѕRgS–R№, SЏRyeRµ RїRѕRyeR°R·SѓS” SЏRye RIS–RgRѕR±SЂR°R¶R°R»Rё SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅSѓ RyeR°S‚R°SЃS‚SЂRѕS„Sѓ RЅR° SЂS–RgRЅRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏS… SЂS–R·RЅS– RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅS– SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰R° R·R° RѕRyeRµR°RЅRѕRј. RќR°R№RїRѕRIRЅS–S€Sѓ RїS–RgR±S–SЂRyeSѓ S‚R°RyeRёS… RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–R№ RјS–SЃS‚RёS‚SЊ R·R±S–SЂRЅRёRye "R“RѕR»RѕRg 1921—1923 S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїSЂRµSЃR° RI RљR°RЅR°RgS–" (RўRѕSЂRѕRЅS‚Rѕ, 1995), RIRїRѕSЂSЏRgRyeRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ R RѕRјR°RЅRѕRј RЎRµSЂR±RёRЅRёRј.

RџRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRg RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RїRѕS‡R°R»Rё R·’SЏRIR»SЏS‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR° SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeR°S… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃS–RI R· S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1921 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S– RЅRµ SЃS…RѕRgRёR»Rё R·S– S€RїR°R»SЊS‚ RїSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRёS… RgRIRѕS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI — RgRѕ RѕSЃRµRЅS– 1923-RiRѕ.

RЎRїRµSЂS€Sѓ S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rё R·R°RјS–S‚RyeRё RїSЂRѕ RЅRµRISЂRѕR¶R°R№,  RgR°R»S– — RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ R№ R°RЅR°R»S–S‚RёRyeR° RїSЂRѕ RјR°SЃS€S‚R°R±Rё RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ S‚R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiSѓ R±R»R°RiRѕRgS–R№RЅRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ RїRѕR»RµRјS–RyeR° R· RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё.

RћS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅRѕ, S‰Rѕ RїRµSЂS€RёRјRё R·R°R±RёR»Rё RЅR° SЃRїRѕR»RѕS… SЃR°RјRµ "RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚RёS‡RЅS–" S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃRё. 

31 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1921 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RiRѕR»RѕSЃS–" R·’SЏRIRёR»R°SЃSЏ R·R°RјS–S‚RyeR° "R“RѕR»RѕRg RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–". R“R°R·RµS‚R° RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏR»R° RїSЂRѕ RIRµR»RёRyeRёR№ RЅRµRISЂRѕR¶R°R№ Sѓ RљR°S‚RµSЂRёRЅRѕSЃR»R°RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ S‚R° R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeS–R№ RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–SЏS…. "RџRѕR»R°RiRѕRgRёS‚Rё S—S— RyeR°S‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё – R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёRyeRё – R·RIRёS‡R°R№RЅRѕ, RЅRµ RI SЃRёR»S–", — RїRёSЃR°RI R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S—.

Rђ "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ", SЏRyeRёR№ RIRёR№S€RѕRI S‚RѕRiRѕ R¶ RgRЅSЏ, RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏRI RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїSЂRѕ "RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRIS– RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ RЅR° R»S–RIRѕR±RµSЂRµR¶RЅS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–", RїSЂRѕS‚Rё SЏRyeRёS… SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓSЂSЏRg R·R°SЃS‚RѕSЃSѓRIR°RI RyeR°RIR°R»RµSЂS–R№SЃSЊRyeSѓ R°SЂRјS–SЋ.

"RџRѕRIS–RЅSЊ RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёS… RјRѕSЃRyeR°R»S–RI R·R°R»RёRIR°S” RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ", — R±S–RgRyeR°RISЃSЏ "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ S„R°SЂRјRµSЂ" 1 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1921 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.



RџSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S— S‚R°RyeRѕRiRѕ R·RјS–SЃS‚Sѓ RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЏ RЅS–RIRµR»SЋRIR°S‚Rё RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡S– RIS–SЃS‚Rё". RЈ R·R°RјS–S‚S†S– "RџRѕR»RѕR¶RµRЅS” RЅR° R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–" (3 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1921-RiRѕ) RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјRёR№ R°RIS‚RѕSЂ RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅSѓRIR°RI S‡RёS‚R°S‡S–RI, S‰Rѕ RЅS–SЏRyeRёS… RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅSЊ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RЅRµRјR°S”, R° R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° – S†Rµ "SЃR°RјRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅR° RїSЂRѕR»RµS‚R°SЂSЃSЊRyeR° RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR°", RI SЏRyeS–R№ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° "RISЃS–RјR° SЃRёR»R°RјRё RїRѕSЃRѕR±R»SЏS” SЂRѕR·RIRёS‚RyeRѕRIS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё".

RўRIRµSЂRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°S” RїS–Rg RѕRyeSѓRїR°S†S–S”SЋ R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R RѕSЃS–S—, RiR°R·RµS‚R° S‚R°RISЂSѓRIR°R»R° "R·R»RѕR±RЅRѕSЋ, R±RµR·RїS–RgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRѕSЋ RyeR»RµRIRµS‚RѕSЋ RIRѕSЂRѕRiS–RI SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё".

R’RёRiR»SЏRg RїRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS†S– RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRѕR»RѕSЃ" R·R° R±RµSЂRµR·RµRЅSЊ 1918 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. R“R°R·RµS‚R° RїRѕS‡R°R»R° RIRёS…RѕRgRёS‚Rё 16 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1910 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R№ RIRёRgR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ Sѓ R’S–RЅRЅS–RїRµR·S– RgRѕS‚RµRїRµSЂ. 

RџSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRѕSЋ S‚RµRјRѕSЋ "RЈR R’" RI S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ R±SѓRI RiRѕR»RѕRg Sѓ R RѕSЃS–S— S‚R° RЅR° RџRѕRIRѕR»R¶S– R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR°. R“R°R·RµS‚R° RgRѕRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕ RIRёSЃRIS–S‚R»SЋRIR°R»R°, SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё R·S–R±SЂR°R»Rё SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeRё, RїSЂRёRјS–SЂRѕRј, RЁRIRµS†S–S—, RђRISЃS‚SЂS–S— S‡Rё RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RgR»SЏ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёS… RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёS… S– R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°R»R° SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё RїRѕR¶RµSЂS‚RIRё SЃRIRѕS—S… S‡RёS‚R°S‡S–RI.

"RGRѕS‡ SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeRё RI RљRµR»T‘R°SЂRё RїRµSЂRµR¶RёR»Rё S‚SЏR¶RyeRёR№ S‡R°SЃ S‚RµRїRµSЂS–S€RЅRѕS— RyeSЂS–R·Rё, S‚Rѕ RISЃRµ-R¶ RЅRµ R·R°R±SѓR»Rё RIRѕRЅRё SЃRIRѕS—S… S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS€S–RI, RїRѕS‚RµSЂRїS–RIS€RёS… RIS–Rg RїRѕSЃSѓS…Rё RI RЎRѕRI. R RѕSЃS–S— […] R’ RљRµR»T‘R°SЂRё SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeRё R·S–R±SЂR°R»Rё RgRѕ S‚RµRїRµSЂ RЅR° RїRѕRјS–S‡ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј RѕRyeRѕR»Rѕ $ 400.00", R·SЂR°R·RѕRye S‚RёRїRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RI "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡RёS… RIS–SЃS‚SЏS…". RџSЂRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRg RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– — R°RЅS– SЃR»RѕRIR°.

RЈ S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ, SЏRye S‚RѕR№ R¶Rµ "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ S„R°SЂRјRµSЂ" 27 R¶RѕRIS‚RЅSЏ RїRёSЃR°RI RїSЂRѕ 6 RјR»RЅ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, SЏRyeS– RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓRIR°R»Rё. "R“RѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃSЊRyeR° RyeSЂS–R·R° RЅR° RISЃS–S… R·RµRјR»SЏS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅRµS‡SѓRIR°RЅR° R·R° RISЃSЋ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ.., — RyeRѕRЅSЃS‚R°S‚SѓRIR°R»R° RiR°R·RµS‚R° — "RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–R·Rј" R·SЂSѓRЅSѓRIR°RI RgRѕ-S‰RµRЅS‚Rё R¶RёS‚S” RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃSЊRyeRµ, RgRѕS—RI RЅR°RgR±R°RЅS” RїRѕRїRµSЂRµRgRЅRёS… SЂRѕRyeS–RI, S– S‚RµRїRµSЂ RiRѕR»RѕRg S– SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЊ R·R°RiR»SЏRgR°S‚SЊ RI RIS–S‡S– RЅR°SЂRѕRgRѕRIRё RЅR°S€RѕRјSѓ".

"RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ" 7 RiSЂSѓRgRЅSЏ 1921 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїRёSЃR°RI: "RљRѕRјS–SЃS–SЏ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–, RЅR° S‡RѕR»S– SЏRyeRѕS— SЃS‚R°RI RџRµS‚SЂRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№, RїSЂRёR·RЅR°R»R°, S‰Rѕ RїRѕRјS–S‡ RЅRµRѕR±S…S–RgRЅR° RI RљR°S‚RµSЂRёRЅRѕSЃR»R°RISЃSЊRyeS–R№, R—R°RїRѕSЂRѕR¶SЃSЊRyeS–R№, R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeS–R№ S‚R° RћRgRµSЃSЊRyeS–R№ T‘SѓR±. R’ SѓSЂRѕR¶R°R№RЅRёS… T‘SѓR±RµSЂRЅS–SЏS… RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RїS–SЃR»SЏ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRё RyeRѕRјS–SЃS–S— R±SѓRgRµ SЂRѕR·S‚R°S€RѕRIR°RЅRѕ 75 000 RgS–S‚RµR№ R· RџRѕRIRѕR»R¶R°".

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїSЂRµSЃR° RљR°RЅR°RgRё: RIS–Rg "R“RѕR»RѕSЃSѓ" RgRѕ "R§SѓS‚RѕRye"

R— S†RёRј RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј RyeRѕRЅS‚SЂR°SЃS‚SѓSЋS‚SЊ RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»Rё "RЈR R’": "RGR°SЂS‡RµRIR° RyeSЂS–R·R° RI R”RѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeS–Rј R±R°SЃRµR№RЅS– SЃRyeS–RЅRёR»R° SЃSЏ. R©RѕRgRЅSЏ RїSЂRёR±SѓRIR°SЋS‚SЊ S‚Sѓ RЅRѕRIS– RїRѕS—R·RgRё R·S– R·R±S–R¶RµRј". R† RI RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRјSѓ S‡RёSЃR»S– — RїSЂRѕ R±R»R°RiRѕRgS–R№RЅRёR№ RyeRѕRЅS†RµSЂS‚ SЃRёRјS„RѕRЅS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RѕSЂRyeRµSЃS‚SЂSѓ Sѓ R’S–RЅRЅS–RїRµR·S–, S‡RёSЃS‚RёR№ RgRѕS…S–Rg SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RїS–S€RѕRI RЅR° S„RѕRЅRg RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RѕRiRѕ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R RѕSЃS–S—.

R›RёS€Rµ R· RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRј 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RЅR° S€RїR°R»SЊS‚R°S… "RЈR R’" RїRѕRIRѕR»S– R·’SЏRIR»SЏSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S—, RgRµ RIRёR·RЅR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° S‚RµR¶ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓS”. 25 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ R±SѓR»Rѕ RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RµRЅSЊRyeSѓ — RЅR° RgRIR° SЂRµS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ — R·R°RјS–S‚RyeSѓ "R”RµSЂR¶R°RIRЅR° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiR° RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–".

RЈ RЅS–R№ S‡Rё RЅRµ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃ RљR°RЅR°RgRё RIRёR·RЅR°RIR°RI, S‰Rѕ "RIS–Rg RїRѕSЃSѓS…Rё RїRѕS‚RµSЂRїS–R»Rё S‚SЏR¶RyeRѕ RyeS–R»SЊRyeR°RЅR°RgS†SЏS‚SЊ RїRѕRIS–S‚S–RI RI T‘SѓR±RµSЂRЅS–SЏS… RћRgRµSЃSЊRyeS–R№, RњRёRyeRѕR»R°S—RISЃSЊRyeS–R№, RљR°S‚RµSЂRёRЅRѕSЃR»R°RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ S– R—R°RїRѕSЂRѕR¶SЃSЊRyeS–R№". RљSЂS–Rј S‚RѕRiRѕ, RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏR»RѕSЃSЏ RїSЂRѕ 6 RјR»RЅ RїSѓRgS–RI R·R±S–R¶R¶SЏ, SЏRyeS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅR° SЂR°RgR° SѓS…RIR°R»RёR»R° RIRёRgS–R»RёS‚Rё RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–SЏRј.



 RGRIRѕSЂS– RgS–S‚Rё RI SЃS–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R»S–RyeR°SЂRЅS– RI RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ SЃRµR»S–. R¤RѕS‚Rѕ RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ Sѓ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RiR°R·RµS‚S– SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI "R—RµRјR»SЏ S– RIRѕR»SЏ". 28 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїRµSЂRµRgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RI "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†RµRIS–".

R”R°R»S– RїSЂRѕ S†Rµ RiR°R·RµS‚S– RgRѕRIRѕRgRёS‚SЊSЃSЏ RїRёSЃR°S‚Rё RISЃRµ S‡R°SЃS‚S–S€Rµ. RЈR¶Rµ 4 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RIRёS…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ R·R°RјS–S‚RyeR° "RќR° R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Sѓ R· RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRј". RџRѕRјS–R¶ RIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЃS‚SЏRјRё RїSЂRѕ R·R°S…RѕRgRё, SЏRyeS– RIR¶RёRIR°RI RЅR° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiSѓ RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёRј RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–R°R»SЊRЅRёR№ R·’S—R·Rg R R°Rg, S‡RёS‚R°S‡ RјRѕR¶Rµ RgRѕRIS–RgR°S‚RёSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ RЅR° S‚RѕR№ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓRIR°R»R° RIR¶Rµ S‡RµS‚RIRµSЂS‚R° S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЂRµSЃRїSѓR±R»S–RyeRё.

RћRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃRЅRѕ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ R№ SЂRµRgR°RyeS†S–R№RЅR° SЃS‚R°S‚S‚SЏ "R“RѕR»RѕRg RI RїRѕR»SѓRgRЅRµRIS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–". "R”RѕS‚RµRїRµSЂ RјRё S‡SѓR»Rё R»RёS€Rµ RїSЂRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRg RI RџSЂRёRIRѕR»R¶Sѓ, RI RЎRѕRIS–S‚SЃSЊRyeS–R№ R RѕSЃS–S—, R° RѕSЃSЊ RїRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅS–RјRё S‡R°SЃR°RјRё RїSЂRёS…RѕRgRёS‚SЊ S‰RѕSЂR°R· R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RIS–SЃS‚RµR№ RїSЂRѕ RgSЂSѓRiRµ RјR°R»Rµ RџSЂRёRIRѕR»R¶Rµ S– RЅR° R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–".

RџRѕ SЃSѓS‚S–, SЃS‚R°S‚S‚SЏ RїRѕR±SѓRgRѕRIR°RЅR° RЅR° RїRµSЂRµRyeR°R·S– R·RјS–SЃS‚Sѓ SЃS‚R°S‚RµR№ SЂRµRgR°RyeS‚RѕSЂR° RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ RѕSЂRiR°RЅSѓ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RЈRЎR R  "R’S–SЃS‚S–" R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ R‘R»R°RyeRёS‚RЅRѕRiRѕ S‚R° RѕRgRµSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "RЎS‚R°RЅRѕRye".

R’RёSЏRIR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RЅR° R—R°RїRѕSЂS–R¶R¶S– S‚R° RћRgRµS‰RёRЅS– "RIR¶Rµ RјSЂSѓS‚SЊ R»SЋRgRё, RIR¶Rµ RiSѓR»SЏSЋS‚SЊ S†RёRЅT‘R° S– RїRѕS€RµSЃS‚RЅS– S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Rё, RISЃRµ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ SЂRѕR·RIRёRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ SѓRiRѕR»RѕRIS‰RёRЅR° RЅR° T‘SЂSѓRЅS‚S– RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ".  Rђ RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RїRѕS‚RµSЂRїS–R»Rѕ RIS–Rg RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ R”RЅS–RїSЂRѕRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRIS–S‚Sѓ — RЅRµRiR°R№RЅRѕS— RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RїRѕS‚SЂRµR±SѓRIR°R»Rѕ 100 S‚RёSЃ. RѕSЃS–R± RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ.

R RµRgR°RyeS†S–SЏ R·R°RїRµRIRЅSЏR»R°, S‰Rѕ "SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeR° RIR»R°RgR° RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– SЂRѕR±RёS‚SЊ RISЃRµ, S‰Rѕ RI S—S— SЃRёR»R°S…, S‰RѕR± R·R°SЂR°RgRёS‚Rё RЅRµS‰R°SЃS‚SЋ". RћRgRЅR°Rye, S–S€R»RѕSЃSЏ RgR°R»S–, RISЃRµ RѕRgRЅRѕ R±RµR· RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё R·-R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅSѓ R· RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRј RIRїRѕSЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ RЅRµ RIRgR°SЃS‚SЊSЃSЏ. RЎS‚R°S‚S‚SЏ R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡SѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ R·R°RyeR»RёRyeRѕRј RgRѕ RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI SЂRѕR±RёS‚Rё RїRѕR¶RµSЂS‚RIRё RЅR° RyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚SЊ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёS… RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

"RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡S– RIS–SЃS‚S–" RI RѕSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRѕRјSѓ RїRµSЂRµRgSЂSѓRyeRѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S– RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRёS… SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃS–RI S‚R° S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°RiRµRЅS†S–R№. RўRѕRјSѓ R№ SЃS‚SѓRїS–RЅSЊ R·R°RiR»RёR±R»RµRЅRЅSЏ RI S‚RµRјSѓ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– R·R°R»RµR¶R°RI RIS–Rg S‚RѕRiRѕ, RЅR°SЃRyeS–R»SЊRyeRё RIS–RgRyeSЂRёS‚Rѕ RїSЂRѕ S†Rµ RiRѕRIRѕSЂSЏS‚SЊ RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeRё RЈRЎR R .

RћS„S–S†S–R№RЅS– SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– "RїSЂRµSЃ-SЂRµR»S–R·Rё" R±SѓR»Rё RѕRgRЅRёRј S–R· RgR¶RµSЂRµR» S– RgR»SЏ "RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚RёS‡RЅRёS…" SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RјR°SЃ-RјRµRgS–R° RI RљR°RЅR°RgS– (SЏRye, RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeR»R°Rg, SЃS‚R°S‚S‚SЋ R·S– R·RiR°RgR°RЅRѕRiRѕ "RЎS‚R°RЅRyeR°" RїSЂRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRg RЅR° RћRgRµS‰RёRЅS– RїRµSЂRµRgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°RI "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye"). RЈS‚S–Rј, R·R°R·RIRёS‡R°R№, RIRѕRЅRё SЃRїRёSЂR°R»RёSЃSЏ RЅR° S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–SЋ R· S”RISЂRѕRїRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёS… R—RњR†, RgR°RЅS– RµRјS–RiSЂR°RЅS‚S–RI R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R·RIS–S‚Rё RјS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№ R· RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј, SЏRyeS– RgS–SЏR»Rё RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏS…. 

RњR°RїR° RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ, SЏRyeSѓ RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°R»R° RIR°SЂS€R°RISЃSЊRyeR° RiR°R·RµS‚R° "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° S‚SЂRёR±SѓRЅR°", R§. 119 (25 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1921 SЂRѕRyeSѓ). 

RўR°RyeRѕSЋ R±SѓR»R° RђRјRµSЂRёRyeR°RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRѕRIR° R°RgRјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂR°S†S–SЏ (RђR Rђ, American Relief Administration). 3 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SѓSЂSЏRg RЈRЎR R  SѓRyeR»R°RI SѓRiRѕRgSѓ R· RђR Rђ RїSЂRѕ R·R°RyeSѓRїS–RIR»SЋ RЅR°SЃS–RЅRЅSЏ S‚R° S…R°SЂS‡S–RI Sѓ RЎRЁRђ RЅR° SЃSѓRјSѓ 2 RјR»RЅ RgRѕR»R°SЂS–RI.

R†RЅS€RѕSЋ RIRµR»RёRyeRѕSЋ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S”SЋ R· RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёRј RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– S‚R° R RѕSЃS–S— R±SѓRI RљRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ RјS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕS— RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ R RѕSЃS–S— RїS–Rg RїSЂRѕRIRѕRgRѕRј RIS–RgRѕRјRѕRiRѕ RЅRѕSЂRIRµR·SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјR°RЅRgSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeR° R¤SЂS–S‚SЊR№RѕS„R° RќR°RЅSЃRµRЅR°. R— 1 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RљRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ SЃRїRµS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ SѓRiRѕRgRѕSЋ RјS–R¶ RЅRёRј S– RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRѕRј SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ RЈRЎR R  RGSЂRёSЃS‚RёSЏRЅRѕRј R R°RyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёRј RїRѕS€RёSЂRёR»Rё R№  RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ — R·R°S„S–RyeSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡S– RIS–SЃS‚Rё".

1 R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ "RЈR R’" RѕRїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓRIR°R»Rё R·R°RјS–S‚RyeSѓ RїSЂRѕ RIS–R·RёS‚ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeR° RђR Rђ RGR°S‚S‡RёRЅSЃRѕRЅR° RgRѕ R„R»RёSЃR°RIRµS‚RiSЂR°RgR° (RЅRёRЅS– — RљSЂRѕRїRёRIRЅRёS†SЊRyeRёR№). "RЎS‚SЂR°S…S–S‚S‚SЏ RќR°RgRIRѕR»R¶R° RЅS–S‡RѕRiRѕ RI RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅR°RЅSЋ R· S‚RёRј, S‰Rѕ RјRё R±R°S‡RёRјRѕ RЅR° R—R°RїRѕSЂRѕR¶Sѓ", — S‚R°RyeRёRјRё R±SѓR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RїRµSЂS€S– RISЂR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ R“RѕR»RѕRg RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.



R„RgRёRЅRёRј SЃRїRѕSЃRѕR±RѕRј, SЏRyeRёRј SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RgS–R°SЃRїRѕSЂR° RјRѕRiR»R° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiS‚Rё R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅS–, R±SѓR»Rё RїRѕR¶RµSЂS‚RIRё. R SѓRїRѕSЂRѕRј RgRѕR±SЂRѕS‡RёRЅRЅRёS… RyeR°RјRїR°RЅS–R№ S– SЃS‚R°R»Rё RiR°R·RµS‚Rё.

RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡S– RIS–SЃS‚Rё" RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°R»Rё R±S–R»SЏ 110 RјR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R»S–RI  SЃS‚RѕSЃRѕRIRЅRѕ R·R±RѕSЂSѓ RyeRѕS€S‚S–RI RЅR° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiSѓ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј Sѓ R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–. R—RgRµR±S–R»SЊS€RѕRiRѕ S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rё R·R°RyeR»RёRyeRё, R·RIS–S‚Rё RїSЂRѕ R·S–R±SЂR°RЅRµ, SЃRїRёSЃRyeRё R¶RµSЂS‚RIRѕRgR°RIS†S–RI, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ R»RёSЃS‚Rё RIS–Rg RѕS…RѕS‡RёS… RїRѕR¶RµSЂS‚RISѓRIR°S‚Rё R№ RѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ R±R»R°RiRѕRgS–R№RЅS– R·R°S…RѕRgRё (RyeRѕRЅS†RµSЂS‚Rё, RјS–S‚RёRЅRiRё S‚RѕS‰Rѕ).

R—S–R±SЂR°RЅS– RiSЂRѕS€S– "RЈR R’" RїRµSЂRµRgR°RIR°R»Rё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ S‡RµSЂRµR· RљRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚ RїRѕRјRѕS‡S– RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј RЅR° R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRѕRIS– RЈRЎR R  Sѓ RџSЂR°R·S– RњRёS…R°R№R»RѕRIS– R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ. R— R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ RgRѕ SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅR° SЃSѓRјR° R·S–R±SЂR°RЅRѕS— RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RgRѕSЃSЏRiR»R° R±S–R»SЏ $ 11 S‚RёSЃ. R”R»SЏ RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЏRЅRЅSЏ: R·R° R»RёRїRµRЅSЊ 1921-RiRѕ — R»RёRїRµRЅSЊ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RgR»SЏ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёS… RџRѕRIRѕR»R¶SЏ RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeS– SЂR°RgSЏRЅRѕS„S–R»Rё R·S–R±SЂR°R»Rё RјR°R№R¶Rµ $ 100 S‚RёSЃ.

RќRµRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRµ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰Rµ SЂRѕR·RїRѕS‡R°R»Rѕ RyeR°RјRїR°RЅS–SЋ R·S– R·R±RѕSЂSѓ RїRѕR¶RµSЂS‚RI RЅR° RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° RјS–SЃSЏS†S–RI RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ — R· RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRј R»S–S‚R° 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. 9 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye" RїRµSЂRµRgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°RI R·RIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃRѕSЂR° RњRёS…R°R№R»R° R“SЂSѓS€RµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, RiRѕR»RѕRIRё RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ "R“RѕR»RѕRgRЅRёRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё" Sѓ R’S–RgRЅS–, "R”Rѕ S€R°RЅRѕRIRЅRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏRyeS–RI RђRјRµSЂRёRyeRё" RIS–Rg 22 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

 RџRµSЂRµRIRѕR·RyeR° RЅR° S†RIRёRЅS‚R°SЂ S‚SЂSѓRїS–RI RїRѕRјRµSЂR»RёS… RIS–Rg RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RЅR° RISѓR»RёS†SЏS… RGRµSЂSЃRѕRЅR°. RќR°RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ Sѓ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RiR°R·RµS‚S– SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI "R—RµRјR»SЏ S– RIRѕR»SЏ". 28 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїRµSЂRµRgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RI "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†RµRIS–".

"R”SѓRјR°SЋ, S‰Rѕ R’R°S€S– RѕSЂT‘R°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕSЋ RјS–S‚S–RЅT‘S–RI, RgRµRїSѓS‚R°S†S–R№, RјRµRјRѕSЂS–SЏR»S–RI RїRѕRIRёRЅRЅS– RgRѕRїRѕRјRёRЅR°S‚RёSЃSЊ, S‰RѕR± S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ SЂRѕR±RёR»RѕSЃSЏ American Relief Administration RgR»SЏ RЅR°RIS–S‰RµRЅRёS… RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRј RѕR±R»R°SЃS‚RµR№ R RѕSЃS–S—, R±SѓR»Rѕ R±RµR· SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RЅRµR±SѓRgSЊ R·RјRµRЅS€RµRЅRЅSЏ R·SЂRѕR±R»RµRЅRѕ S‚RµRїRµSЂ RgR»SЏ RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёS… S‡R°SЃS‚RµR№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё", — R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°RI RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RѕS‡S–R»SЊRЅRёRye R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R R°RgRё.

30 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ RїRёSЃR°SЂ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S”RIR°RЅRiRµR»S–SЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёSЃS‚RIR° RџR°RIR»Rѕ RљSЂR°S‚ RЅR° SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeR°S… "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ SЂR°RЅRyeSѓ" R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°RI SѓSЃS–S… R±SЂR°S‚S–RI S– SЃRµSЃS‚RµSЂ Sѓ RIS–SЂS– R¶RµSЂS‚RISѓRIR°S‚Rё $10 RgR»SЏ SЂR°S…SѓRЅRѕRye RђR Rђ RgR»SЏ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёS…. "RўR° S‡Rё RјRѕR¶RµRјRѕ RјRё SЃRїRѕRyeS–R№RЅRѕ SЃRјR°RyeSѓRIR°S‚Rё S…R»S–R± RЅR°S€, RyeRѕR»Rё R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RgRёRIR»SЏS‚SЊSЃSЏ RЅR° RЅRµRiRѕ S‚RёSЃSЏS‡S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёS…, R° RјRё R¶R°RgRЅRѕRјSѓ R· RЅRёS… RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RyeSЂRёS…S–S‚RyeRё RЅRµ RїRѕRgR°R»Rё?".

RџRµRIRЅRѕ, RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RїRѕS‚SѓR¶RЅRёRј R±SѓR»Rѕ R·RIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ "R’ S–Rј’SЏ RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRё S– RiSѓRјR°RЅRЅRѕSЃS‚Rё. RџRѕRyeR»RёRye RgRѕ S†RёRIS–R»S–R·RѕRIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ", RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅRµ RIS–Rg S–RјRµRЅS– "RЎRѕSЋR·Sѓ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё" — Rњ. R“SЂSѓS€RµRISЃSЊRyeRёRј, R”. R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёRј S– RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂRѕRј RћR»RµSЃRµRј. R™RѕRiRѕ RI 20-S… S‡RёSЃR»R°S… S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїRµSЂRµRgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°R»Rё "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye", "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRѕR»RѕSЃ" S– "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ".

"RЎRѕSЋR·" R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°RI "RIS‡RµRЅRёS…, RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeS–RI, R°SЂS‚RёSЃS‚S–RI, R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI" S‚R° "RiSѓRјR°RЅS–S‚R°SЂRЅRёS… S– RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRёS… RѕSЂT‘R°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№" RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°S‚Rё RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RђR Rђ, S‰RѕR± R·R°R±RµR·RїRµS‡RёS‚Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RgS–S‚RµR№, RIS‡RёS‚RµR»S–RI, SЃS‚SѓRgRµRЅS‚S–RI, RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIS†S–RI RѕRgSЏRiRѕRј, RIR·SѓS‚S‚SЏRј, RyeRЅRёR¶RyeR°RјRё, R»S–RyeR°RјRё, RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёRјRё RїSЂRёR»R°RgR°RјRё RgR»SЏ R»R°R±RѕSЂR°S‚RѕSЂS–R№ S‚RѕS‰Rѕ. RЈ RyeS–RЅS†S– R№S€RѕRI RїRµSЂRµR»S–Rye R°RgSЂRµSЃ RIS–RgRgS–R»RµRЅSЊ R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕRiRѕ S…SЂRµSЃS‚R° R№ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёS… S‚R° RѕSЃRIS–S‚RЅS–S… S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–R№ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

RџRѕRgS–R±RЅRµ R·RIRµSЂRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ "R”Rѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅSЃS‚RIR°", S‰Rѕ R№RѕRiRѕ RIRјS–SЃS‚RёR»Rё S‚S– SЃR°RјS– S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃRё, RgRѕRyeR»R°RgRЅRѕ R·’SЏSЃRѕRISѓRIR°R»Rѕ S‡RёS‚R°S‡R°Rј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ S‚R° RјRµS‚Sѓ SЃS‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ RљRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚Sѓ "R“RѕR»RѕRgRЅRёRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–",  R№RѕRiRѕ SЃRyeR»R°Rg S– S‚R°Rye SЃR°RјRѕ R·R°RyeR»RёRyeR°R»Rѕ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiS‚Rё.

"RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡S– RIS–SЃS‚S–" S–SЂRѕRЅS–S‡RЅRѕ SЂRѕR·RyeSЂRёS‚RёRyeSѓRIR°R»Rё S†S– S‚RµRyeSЃS‚Rё. R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕ, S‡RµSЂRµR· S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ R“SЂSѓS€RµRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ S– R№RѕRiRѕ S‚RѕRIR°SЂRёS€S– RїRѕRgR°RIR°R»Rё S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R°RgSЂRµSЃRё RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёS… S– RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRёS… R·R°RyeR»R°RgS–RI RIRµR»RёRyeRёS… RјS–SЃS‚. "RќRµRјR° RїRѕRgR°RЅRѕS— RЅS– RѕRgRЅRѕS— R°RgSЂRµSЃRё, RЅR° SЏRyeSѓ RјRѕR¶RЅR° R±Rё R±SѓR»Rѕ RIRёSЃR»R°S‚Rё RїRѕRјS–S‡ RgR»SЏ SѓRјRёSЂR°SЋS‡RѕRiRѕ R· RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RI RїRѕR»SѓRgRЅRµRIS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–", — RѕR±SѓSЂSЋRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚Rё.



24 S‡RёSЃR»R° RiR°R·RµS‚R° RїS–S€R»R° S‰Rµ RgR°R»S– — RIRјS–SЃS‚RёR»R° RIRµR»RёRyeSѓ SЃS‚R°S‚S‚SЋ "RќR°RјS–SЂ RgS–R№SЃRЅRѕS— SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Rё S‡Rё RјR°R»RїSѓRIR°RЅS”?". RЈ RЅS–R№ SЏRyeRёR№SЃSЊ R’RѕR»RёRЅRµS†SЊ RЅR°R·RIR°RI R°SѓRgRёS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ "RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚RёS‡RЅRёS…" S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃS–RI "S‡RѕSЂRЅRѕSЃRѕS‚RµRЅS†SЏRјRё" S– "R±RµR·RїRѕSЂR°RgRЅRёRјRё S– RЅRµRїRµRIRЅRёRјRё SЃS‚RIRѕSЂS–RЅRЅSЏRјRё" S– R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‚RёRI Sѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ RIRѕRЅRё RgRѕRїRѕRјR°RiR°SЋS‚SЊ R»RёS€Rµ S–RЅS‚RµR»S–RiRµRЅS†S–S—, R°  RЅRµ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR°Rј S– SЃRµR»SЏRЅR°Rј.

R”S–S‚Rё, RѕRїSѓS…R»S– RIS–Rg RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ. RќR°RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ Sѓ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RiR°R·RµS‚S– SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI "R—RµRјR»SЏ S– RIRѕR»SЏ". 28 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїRµSЂRµRgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RI "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†RµRIS–". 

RЇRye RIRёRgRЅRѕ R·S– SЃS‚R°S‚S‚S– "RЇRye RїRѕSЃRёR»R°S‚Rё RiSЂRѕS€S– RЅR° RїRѕRјS–S‡ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј RЅR° R’RµR»RёRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–" Sѓ "RљR°RЅR°RgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SЂR°RЅRyeSѓ" (18 R»RёRїRЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ), R°RЅS‚RёSЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RyeRѕR»R° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI RЅRµ RgRѕRIS–SЂSЏR»Rё SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј RyeRѕRјS–S‚RµS‚R°Rј RI RђRјRµSЂRёS†S–. RўRѕRјSѓ S‰Rѕ, "…R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёS†SЊRyeS– RyeRѕRјS–SЃR°SЂS– RїSЂRёSЃR»R°RЅS– RiSЂRѕS€S– SЃRѕR±S– R·R°R±RµSЂSѓS‚SЊ, R° RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRјSѓ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRѕRIRё S…R»S–R±R° RЅRµ RgR°RgSѓS‚SЊ, S– S‚RѕRјSѓ R·R°RiR°R» S” RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RїRѕSЃRёR»R°RЅRЅSЏ RiSЂRѕS€RµR№  RI SЂSѓRyeRё R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRјS–SЃR°SЂS–RI".

R’S–RgS‚R°Rye, RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiSѓ RїRµSЂRµSЃRёR»R°R»Rё S‡RµSЂRµR· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёR№ S…SЂRµSЃS‚ R°R±Rѕ S‡RµSЂRµR· RњRёS…R°R№R»R° R“SЂSѓS€RµRISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. RџSЂRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј 1920-1922 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RЈR§RG R·S–R±SЂR°RI $ 50 S‚RёSЃ., R° R· R±RµSЂRµR·RЅSЏ 1922 RїRѕ RyeRIS–S‚RµRЅSЊ 1923 — R»RёS€Rµ $5600.

RљR°RјRїR°RЅS–SЏ RїRѕR¶RµSЂS‚RI, S–RЅS–S†S–R№RѕRIR°RЅR° "RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚R°RјRё" RїSЂRѕSЃSѓRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RїRѕRјS–S‚RЅRѕ RјR»SЏRIS–S€Rµ R·R° SЂR°RgSЏRЅRѕS„S–R»SЊSЃSЊRyeSѓ. RGRѕS‡R°, SЏRye S†Rµ RјRѕR¶RЅR° SЃS‚RIRµSЂRgRёS‚Rё R· RЅR°SЏRIRЅRёS… R·RIS–S‚S–RI, RIR»R°SЃRЅRµ RgRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RgS–SЃS‚R°R»R°SЃSЏ R»RёS€Rµ RgRµSЏRyeR° S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё, R·S–R±SЂR°RЅRѕS— RѕR±RѕRјR° S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°RјRё. R† RIRїR»RёRЅSѓS‚Rё RIRѕRЅR° RјRѕRiR»R° SЂR°RgS€Rµ RЅR° SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‰Rµ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRёS… RiSЂSѓRї S–RЅS‚RµR»S–RiRµRЅS†S–S—, RЅS–R¶ RЅR° RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅRё RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёS… SЃRµR»SЏRЅ.

RџSЂRѕR°RЅR°R»S–R·SѓRIR°RIS€Rё RiR°SЃR»R° R№ RgS–S— RѕR±RѕS… S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–RI, R RѕRјR°RЅ RЎRµSЂR±RёRЅ RgS–R№S€RѕRI RIRёSЃRЅRѕRIRyeSѓ, S‰Rѕ RgR»SЏ RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI SѓSЃS–S… RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚R°S†S–R№ SЃRїSЂR°RIR° RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёRј RЅR° R’RµR»RёRyeS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RїRѕSЃS–RgR°R»R° RgSЂSѓRiRѕSЂSЏRgRЅRµ R·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ.

R R°RgSЏRЅRѕS„S–R»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ RїRµSЂRµR№RјR°R»RёSЃSЏ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S”SЋ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RgR»SЏ RїRѕSЃS‚SЂR°R¶RgR°R»RёS… RIS–Rg RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RI R RѕSЃS–S—. Rђ RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚RёS‡RЅS– RyeRѕR»R° RЅR°RgR°RIR°R»Rё RїRµSЂS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕR·S– R—R°S…S–RgRЅS–R№ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–.

R›RµR№S‚RјRѕS‚RёRI R¶Rµ RїSЂRµSЃRѕRIRёS… RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–R№ RїSЂRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRg R±SѓRI S–RЅS€RёRј, S– RgR»SЏ RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕRiRѕ R· S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–RI SЃRIS–R№. "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёS‡S– RIS–SЃS‚Rё" RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё S‡RёS‚R°S‡S–RI, S‰Rѕ RiRѕR»RѕRg RјR°RI SЃSѓS‚Rѕ RyeR»S–RјR°S‚RёS‡RЅS– S‚R° RiRѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЃSЊRyeS– RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRё (RїRѕSЃSѓS…R°, RЅRµRISЂRѕR¶R°R№). RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё RISЃS–R»SЏRyeRѕ R·R°RїRµRIRЅSЏR»Rё, S‰Rѕ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓSЂSЏRg RIR¶RёRIR°S” RISЃS–S… RјRѕR¶R»RёRIRёS… R·R°S…RѕRgS–RI RgR»SЏ RїSЂRёR±RѕSЂRyeR°RЅRЅSЏ R»RёS…R°.

RЈ S†SЊRѕRјSѓ RyeRѕRЅS‚RµRyeSЃS‚S– RgRµS‚R°R»SЊRЅRѕ RIRёSЃRIS–S‚R»SЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RјS–SЃS–S— RќR°RЅSЃRµRЅR° S‚R° S–RЅS€RёS… RјS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёS… RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–R№ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё. R—R°RiR°R»RѕRј, RїSЂRѕSЃS‚RµR¶SѓS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ SЏSЃRyeSЂR°RIR° S‚RµRЅRgRµRЅS†S–SЏ RgRѕ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–S— RїRѕR·RёS‚RёRIRЅRѕS— S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— RїSЂRѕ SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‰Rµ RI RЈRЎR R .

"RџR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚RёS‡RЅR°" SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RїSЂRµSЃR°, RѕS‡S–RyeSѓRIR°RЅRѕ, RїSЂRѕRIR°RgRёR»R° RїSЂRѕS‚RёR»RµR¶RЅSѓ R»S–RЅS–SЋ. R“RѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕSЋ RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRѕSЋ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RiR°R·RµS‚Rё RЅR°R·RёRIR°R»Rё R·R°R»RµR¶RЅRµ SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёS‰Rµ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RIS–Rg R RЎR¤R R  S‚R° RIRёR·RёSЃRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–RyeRё RњRѕSЃRyeRIRѕSЋ. R—RgRµR±S–R»SЊS€RѕRiRѕ, RIRѕRЅRё RѕRїRёSЃSѓRIR°R»Rё R¶R°S…Rё RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ, RјR°SЃRѕRIS– S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Rё, RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅS– R±SѓRЅS‚Rё S‚R° R·R»RѕRIR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S‡Rё SЂRµRїSЂRµSЃS–S— R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRѕS— RIR»R°RgRё SЃS‚RѕSЃRѕRIRЅRѕ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёS….

 "RGR°SЂS‡RѕRIS– SЃRyeR»R°RgRё S‚R° RyeSѓS…RЅS– RђR Rђ RgR»SЏ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёS… RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– — R»S–S‚Rѕ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ". RљR°SЂS‚Sѓ RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ Sѓ RIRёRgR°RЅRЅS–: Documents of the American Relief Administration: Russian Operations, 1921—1923, Vol. III, Stanford University, California, 1931, f. p. 122.

RўR°Rye, "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ S„R°SЂRјRµSЂ" 22 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїRµSЂRµRgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°RI SЃS‚R°S‚S‚SЋ R†RIR°RЅR° R“RµSЂR°SЃRёRјRѕRIRёS‡R° R· "R“SЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RIS–SЃRЅRёRyeR°" "RGS‚Rѕ S” RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRѕSЋ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RЅR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS–?". R’RёSЃRЅRѕRIRѕRye R°RIS‚RѕSЂR° RѕRgRЅRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅRёR№:



"R† SЏRye RgRѕRIRiRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° R±SѓRgRµ R·RISЏR·R°RЅR° R· SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRј (RISЃRµ RѕRgRЅRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёRј, R±S–R»RёRј S‡Rё S‡RѕSЂRЅRёRј) S†R°SЂSЃS‚RIRѕRј, SЏRye RgRѕRIRiRѕ RЅRµRЅR°SЃRёS‚RЅRёR№ RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёR№ RјRѕR»RѕS… R±SѓRgRµ SЃRјRѕRyeS‚R°S‚Rё R· RЅRµS— RISЃS– R¶RёRISѓS‡S– SЃRѕRyeRё, R¶RёRISѓ S—S— RyeSЂRѕRI, S‚R°Rye RgRѕRIRiRѕ RgR»SЏ RЅR°SЃRµR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SЃRµS— RЅR°R№R±RѕRiR°S‚S€RѕS—, RјRѕR»RѕRyeRѕRј S– RјRµRgRѕRј S‚RµRyeSѓS‡RѕS— RyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RI R•RISЂRѕRїS– RЅRµ RјRёRЅRµ RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅR° RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµRyeR° SЃS‚SЂR°S€RЅRѕS— RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRIRѕS— SЃRјRµSЂS‚Rё […] RўS–R»SЊRyeRё SЃSѓRIRµSЂRµRЅRЅR°, S†S–R»RyeRѕRIRёS‚Rѕ RЅRµR·R°RIRёSЃRёRјR° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° R·RјRѕR¶Rµ RI RgSѓR¶Rµ RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕRјSѓ S‡R°SЃS– RIR»R°SЃRЅRёRјRё SЃRёR»R°RјRё RIRёR»S–RyeSѓRIR°S‚Rё SЃSЏ R·S– SЃS‚SЂR°S€RЅRёS…, RiR»RёR±RѕRyeRёS… SЂR°RЅ, R·R°RIRgR°RЅRёS… RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёRјRё S–RјRїRµSЂS–R°R»S–SЃS‚R°RјRё, S‚R° R±SѓS‚Rё RI R±SѓRgSѓS‡S‡RёRЅS– RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕSЋ R¶RёS‚RЅRёS†RµSЋ R•RISЂRѕRїRё".

"RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRµS†SЊ" Sѓ RIRёRїSѓSЃRyeSѓ R·R° 28 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RѕRїSЂRёR»SЋRgRЅRёRI RїS–RgR±S–SЂRyeSѓ S–R· 17 S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–R№ R¶RµSЂS‚RI RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ, SЏRyeSѓ RїRµSЂRµRg S‚RёRј  RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°R»R° R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeR° RiR°R·RµS‚R° "R—RµRјR»SЏ S– RIRѕR»SЏ". RљRѕRјRµRЅS‚R°SЂ R±SѓRI S‚R°RyeRёRј: "RЎRµ S‚RѕR№ "SЂR°R№", RgRѕ SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRё RїRѕRјRѕS‡S– RiR°SЂRјR°S‚ S– R±R°T‘RЅRµS‚S–RI R·R°S‚SЏRiR»Rё RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeS– R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёRyeRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ".

4 R»RёRїRЅSЏ "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye" RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏRI RїSЂRѕ R·R°SЃR»R°RЅRЅSЏ RgRѕ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ S‚R° SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»Rё SЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeS–RI, SЏRyeRёS… R·R°R°SЂRµS€S‚SѓRIR°R»Rё RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RgRµRјRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂR°S†S–S— 1 S‚SЂR°RIRЅSЏ RI RљRёS”RIS–. R¦SЏ R¶ RiR°R·RµS‚R° 8 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ RїRёSЃR°R»R° RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, SЏRye RњRѕSЃRyeRIR° RIRёRgS–R»SЏS” $ 15 RјR»RЅ RЅR° RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅSѓ RїSЂRѕRїR°RiR°RЅRgSѓ R·R° RyeRѕSЂRgRѕRЅRѕRј R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ RIS–RgRgR°S‚Rё S†S– RiSЂRѕS€S– RЅR° R±RѕSЂRѕS‚SЊR±Sѓ R· RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRј.

9 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRѕR»RѕSЃ" RѕR±SѓSЂSЋRIR°RISЃSЏ SЂRµRyeRIS–R·RёS†S–SЏRјRё S†RµSЂRyeRѕRIRЅRёS… RyeRѕS€S‚RѕRIRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, SЏRyeS–, R·R° RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅRѕSЋ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ RIRµSЂSЃS–S”SЋ, RјR°R»Rё RїS–S‚Rё RЅR° R·R°RyeSѓRїS–RIR»SЋ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RgR»SЏ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓSЋS‡RёS…. R“R°R·RµS‚R° RIRIR°R¶R°R»R° S‚R°RyeS– SЂRµRyeRIS–R·RёS†S–S— RiSЂR°R±SѓRЅRyeRѕRј S†RµSЂRyeRѕRI,  RgR»SЏ SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeRё SЃRyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚R°R»RёSЃSЏ RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRј SЏRye RїSЂRёRIRѕRgRѕRј. 29 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye" RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»SЏRI RїSЂRѕ RЅR°RїR°Rg RЅR° RїRѕS—R·Rg RїS–Rg R„R»RёSЃR°RIRµS‚RiSЂR°RgRѕRј S– 14 R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeRёS… RyeRѕRјS–SЃR°SЂS–RI S–R· RїR°SЂRѕRїR»R°RIR°, SЏRyeRёS… RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅS†S– RIS‚RѕRїRёR»Rё RI R”RЅS–RїSЂS– R±S–R»SЏ RљRёS”RIR°.

R— RyeS–RЅS†RµRј 1922-RiRѕ R№ RїRѕS‡R°S‚RyeRѕRј 1923 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–R№ RЅR° S‚RµRјSѓ RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RЅR° SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeR°S… RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeRёS… SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RiR°R·RµS‚ SЃS‚R°S” RїRѕRIRѕR»S– RјRµRЅS€Rµ.  RћSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ S†Rµ RїRѕRјS–S‚RЅRѕ S‰RѕRgRѕ "RЈR R’", SЏRyeS– RїRµSЂRµRIR°R¶RЅRѕ RѕR±RјRµR¶SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕRIS–RgRѕRјR»RµRЅRЅSЏRјRё RїSЂRѕ RѕS„S–S†S–R№RЅS– R·R°SЏRIRё RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeS–RI RЎR RЎR  S‚R° S‚RѕS— R¶ RђR Rђ.

 R”S–S‚Rё, RѕRїSѓS…R»S– RIS–Rg RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ. RќR°RgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ Sѓ R»SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeS–R№ RiR°R·RµS‚S– SЃRѕS†S–R°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI "R—RµRјR»SЏ S– RIRѕR»SЏ". 28 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1922 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RїRµSЂRµRgSЂSѓRyeRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RI "RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†RµRIS–". 

Rђ 23 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1923 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RiR°R·RµS‚R° RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RЅR°RgSЂSѓRyeSѓRIR°R»R° SЂRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°R¶ S–R· RѕRїS‚RёRјS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRёRј R·R°RiRѕR»RѕRIRyeRѕRј "RџRѕR±RѕSЂRѕR»Rё RiRѕR»RѕRg". RљRѕSЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚ R†. RўRyeR°S‡SѓRye, RїRѕR±SѓRIR°RIS€Rё RЅR° RљR°S‚RµSЂRёRЅRѕSЃR»R°RIS‰RёRЅS–, R·RIS–S‚SѓRIR°RI RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ RiSѓR±RµSЂRЅS–SЏ RїRѕRgRѕR»R°R»R° RiRѕR»RѕRg S– RїSЂR°S†SЏ R· RIS–RgR±SѓRgRѕRIRё RyeRёRїRёS‚SЊ RЅR° RїRѕRIRЅSѓ.

RќRµRyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅS– S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃRё RI S†RµR№ S‡R°SЃ R·RѕSЃRµSЂRµRgR¶SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕ RЅR° RyeSЂRёS‚RёS†S– RЅR°SЂRѕS‰SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RѕR±SЃSЏRiS–RI RµRyeSЃRїRѕSЂS‚Sѓ R·RµSЂRЅR° R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёRј RЎRѕSЋR·RѕRј.

RЎS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeRё RiR°R·RµS‚ SЂSЏSЃRЅS–SЋS‚SЊ R·R°RiRѕR»RѕRIRyeR°RјRё RЅR° R·SЂR°R·RѕRye: "RњRѕSЃRyeRIR° R·R±RёSЂR°S” SЃSЏ RIRёRјRѕSЂRёS‚Rё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ", "RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅR° RyeSѓRїSѓS” "SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRµ" R·R±S–R¶Rµ", "R’RёRIS–R· R·R±S–R¶R¶SЏ R· R RѕSЃS–S—" (R»SЋS‚RёR№ — R±RµSЂRµR·RµRЅSЊ, "RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RiRѕR»RѕSЃ"); "R•RyeSЃRїRѕSЂS‚ R·R±S–R¶R° RЎRѕRIS–S‚SЃSЊRyeRѕSЋ R RѕSЃS–S”SЋ" ("RљR°RЅR°RgRёR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ S„R°SЂRјRµSЂ", 19 RyeRIS–S‚RЅSЏ); "R§RѕRјSѓ R±RѕR»SЊS€RµRIRёRyeRё RIRёRIRѕR·SЏS‚SЊ S…R»S–R±?" (14 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ, "RљR°RЅR°RgS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RЅRѕRye") S‚RѕS‰Rѕ.   

R’R»R°SЃRЅRµ, S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RѕRgRЅRѕSЋ R· RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRёS… RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅ S‚SЂRёRIR°R»RѕSЃS‚S– RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ S‚R° RЅR°RgR°RIR°R»Rѕ SЃRёS‚SѓR°S†S–S— S„R°RЅS‚R°SЃRјR°RiRѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ RIS–RgS‚S–RЅRyeSѓ: Sѓ S‚RѕR№ S‡R°SЃ, SЏRye R·R°S…S–RgRЅS– R±R»R°RiRѕRgS–R№RЅS– RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— (RђR Rђ, R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRёR№ S…SЂRµSЃS‚, "R”R¶RѕR№RЅS‚", RњS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёR№ S„RѕRЅRg RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RgS–S‚SЏRј) RїRѕSЃS‚R°S‡R°R»Rё RI RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSѓ S…R°SЂS‡S–, RѕRgSЏRi S‚R° R»S–RyeRё, RїRѕS‚SЏRiRё S‚R° RїR°SЂRѕRїR»R°RIRё, RЅR°RIR°RЅS‚R°R¶RµRЅS– R·R±S–R¶R¶SЏRј, S–S€R»Rё R·R° RјRµR¶S– RЎR RЎR .

RџRѕ RјS–SЂS– S‚RѕRiRѕ, SЏRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR»SЏR»R°SЃSЏ R· RiRѕR»RѕRgRѕRј, RgRѕ RyeS–RЅS†SЏ 1923 SЂRѕRyeSѓ S†SЏ S‚RµRјR° RїRѕRIRѕR»S– R·RЅRёRyeR»R° R·S– SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅRѕRјRѕRIRЅRѕS— RїSЂRµSЃRё RI RљR°RЅR°RgS–.



RќR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїSЂRѕR¶RёRIR°SЋS‡Rё RgR°R»RµRyeRѕ R·R° RѕRyeRµR°RЅRѕRј, RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RїRµSЂRµR№RјR°R»RёSЃSЏ SЃS‚SЂR°R¶RgR°RЅRЅSЏRјRё SЃRIRѕS—S… SЃRїS–RIRIS–S‚S‡RёR·RЅRёRyeS–RI RЅR° SЂS–RgRЅRёS… R·RµRјR»SЏS…. RўRѕRgS–S€RЅS– R·R°SЃRѕR±Rё RјR°SЃRѕRIRѕS— S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— — RiR°R·RµS‚Rё — R±SѓR»Rё S‚RёRј RyeR°RЅR°R»RѕRј, SЏRyeRёR№ RIS–RgRѕR±SЂR°R¶R°RI RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS— S‚R° RgS–S— SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgS–R°SЃRїRѕSЂRё.

RџSЂR°RIRgR°, RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅR° RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚R°S†S–SЏ RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕRiRѕ RIRёRgR°RЅRЅSЏ R·SѓRјRѕRIR»SЋRIR°R»R° S‚RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ S‚R° RјS–SЂSѓ SѓRIR°RiRё RgR»SЏ RIRёSЃRIS–S‚R»RµRЅRЅSЏ S†S–S”S— RµRyeRѕRЅRѕRјS–S‡RЅRѕS— RyeR°S‚R°SЃS‚SЂRѕS„Rё. R R°RgSЏRЅRѕS„S–R»Rё RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЏ RISЃS–R»SЏRyeRѕ RїSЂRёS…RѕRIR°S‚Rё R°R±Rѕ RїSЂRёRјRµRЅS€RёS‚Rё RјR°SЃS€S‚R°R±Rё RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ RI RЈRЎR R .  "RџR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚RёS‡RЅS–" R¶ S‡R°SЃRѕRїRёSЃRё RIRёRyeSЂRёRIR°R»Rё R·R°R»RµR¶RЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SѓSЃ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S‚R° R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeSѓ RµRyeSЃRїR»SѓR°S‚R°S†S–SЋ SЏRye RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅS– RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRё R»RёS…R°, RїSЂSЏRјRѕ RЅR°R·RёRIR°SЋS‡Rё SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RyeRµSЂS–RIRЅRёRyeS–RI R№RѕRiRѕ R±RµR·RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–RјRё RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‚S†SЏRјRё.

RќRµR·RIR°R¶R°SЋS‡Rё RЅR° S‚R°RyeSѓ SЂR°R·SЋS‡Sѓ RIS–RgRјS–RЅRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, SЏRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё, S‚R°Rye S– RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚Rё RgRѕR»SѓS‡RёR»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ RyeR°RјRїR°RЅS–S— R·S– R·R±RѕSЂSѓ RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRё RgR»SЏ RїRѕSЃS‚SЂR°R¶RgR°R»RёS… RIS–Rg RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ SЃRїS–RIRIS–S‚S‡RёR·RЅRёRyeS–RI. R–RµSЂS‚RѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgS–R°SЃRїRѕSЂRё RЅRµ RїS–RgR»SЏRiR°S” SЃSѓRјRЅS–RIR°Rј, S…RѕS‡R° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё RїSЂRёRїSѓSЃRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ RyeR°RЅR°RgSЃSЊRyeS– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RјR°R»Rё RјRѕR¶R»RёRIS–SЃS‚SЊ R·S–R±SЂR°S‚RёR№  R№ R±S–R»SЊS€S– SЃSѓRјRё.

RGR°R№ S‚R°Rј SЏRye, R°R»Rµ SЃRIS–R№ RIRЅRµSЃRѕRye Sѓ RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RIS–Rg RiRѕR»RѕRgSѓ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeR° RiSЂRѕRјR°RgR° RI RљR°RЅR°RgS– R·SЂRѕR±RёR»R°. R¦Rµ S” SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏRј S—S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— S–RgRµRЅS‚RёS‡RЅRѕSЃS‚S– S‚R° RЅRµSЂRѕR·SЂRёRIRЅRѕRiRѕ R·RI’SЏR·RyeSѓ R· R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRѕSЋ.  

R§RёS‚R°R№S‚Rµ S‚R°RyeRѕR¶:

RџRµSЂS€RёR№ R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚, SЏRyeRёR№ SЂRѕR·RїRѕRIS–RI R—R°S…RѕRgSѓ RїSЂRѕ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂ

RџR°RISѓRyeRё, RѕS‡RµSЂRµS‚ S– R»RµR»RµRyeRё. R©Rѕ S—R»Rё SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂSѓ

R“RѕR»RѕRgRѕRјRѕSЂRё R№ S–RЅS€S– RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgRё RI RyeRѕRЅS‚RµRyeSЃS‚S– RјS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂR°RIR°

R†SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ R“RѕR»RѕRgSѓ: SЃRїRѕRiR°RgRё S‡RёS‚R°S‡S–RI R†Rџ RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, SЏRye S—S…RЅS– SЂRѕRgRёRЅRё RїRµSЂRµR¶RёR»Rё 1932-33 SЂRѕRyeRё



RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚-RЅRµRIRgR°S…R°. RЇRyeR° R· RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚SЊ?

RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚-RЅRµRIRgR°S…R° RЅR°R№RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ RiRѕSЃS‚SЂRёS‚SЊ R»RµR·Rѕ SЃRѕRyeRёSЂRё RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–S—. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚-RЅRµRIRgR°S…R° vЂ“ S†Rµ S‚RµSЃS‚ RЅR° RgSѓSЂRЅS”RѕRїS–SЂRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIR°, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ vЂ“ RyeSЂR°S€-S‚RµSЃS‚ RgR»SЏ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё. R’RёSЏRIR»SЏS”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RЅRµRIRgR°S…Rё SЃS‚SЂR°S€RµRЅRЅRѕ RyeRѕSЂRёSЃRЅS– RgR»SЏ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRѕRIR»R°RgRgSЏ.

3 SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RјS–S„Rё RїSЂRѕ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ. R”RµRyeRѕRЅSЃS‚SЂSѓRyeS†S–SЏ

RљRѕRЅS†RµRїS†S–SЏ V«S‚R°S‚R°SЂ-R·SЂR°RgRЅRёRyeS–RIV» vЂ” RѕRgRЅR° R· RyeR»SЋS‡RѕRIRёS… SЃRyeR»R°RgRѕRIRёS… R·R°RiR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјS–S„Sѓ RїSЂRѕ V«RёSЃRyeRѕRЅRЅRѕ SЂSѓSЃSЃRyeRёR№ RљSЂS‹RјV». R‘RµR· R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RyeSЂRёRјSЃSЊRyeRёS… S‚R°S‚R°SЂ Sѓ V«RјR°SЃRѕRIS–R№ R·SЂR°RgS–V» RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRµ RѕR±T‘SЂSѓRЅS‚SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚R°S†S–S—, R° R±RµR· RIRёRїSЂR°RIRgR°RЅRЅSЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅSѓ vЂ” RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ RїRѕSЏSЃRЅRёS‚Rё S‚RѕS‚R°R»SЊRЅSѓ SЂSѓSЃRёS„S–RyeR°S†S–SЋ RїS–RIRѕSЃS‚SЂRѕRIR°. RЈSЃRµ S†Rµ S” R»RёS€Rµ SЃRїSЂRѕR±R°RјRё RIRёRїSЂR°RIRgR°S‚Rё RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· R±R°RiR°S‚SЊRѕS… SЃS‚R°R»S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgS–RI.

RЎSЋSЂRiSЋRЅ. RњR°RјR° RgSѓRјR°R»R°, S‰Rѕ RЅR°SЃ RIRµR·SѓS‚SЊ RЅR° SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»

RЈSЏRIS–S‚SЊ SЃRµR±Rµ RЅR° S—S… RјS–SЃS†S–. RЈ RIR°S€ RgS–Rј RЅR° SЃRIS–S‚R°RЅRyeSѓ RISЂRёRIR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RѕR·R±SЂRѕS”RЅS– R»SЋRgRё, SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚Rё. R”R°SЋS‚SЊ 15 S…RIRёR»RёRЅ RЅR° R·R±RѕSЂRё. R’S–RgRIRѕR·SЏS‚SЊ RЅR° RЅR°R№R±R»RёR¶S‡Sѓ SЃS‚R°RЅS†S–SЋ. R† RgRѕRgRѕRјSѓ RIRё R·RјRѕR¶RµS‚Rµ RїRѕRIRµSЂRЅSѓS‚RёSЃSЏ R»RёS€Rµ S‡RµSЂRµR· 50 SЂRѕRyeS–RI.

RќRћR’R† R’R?RљR›R?RљR?. RќR°RIS–S‰Rѕ V«R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°V» R·R±RёSЂR°S” 10 RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅS–RI?

V«R—R°RyeSЂRёS‚RёSЃSЏ, S‡Rё R·RјS–RЅRёS‚RёSЃSЏ?V» - SЃR°RјRµ R· S‚R°RyeRёRј RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏRј RјRё R·RIRµSЂRЅSѓR»RёSЃSЏ RgRѕ RЅR°S€RёS… S‡RёS‚R°S‡S–RI S‚SЂRѕS…Rё R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ SЂRѕRyeSѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ. RќRёRЅS– RїRµSЂRµRg RЅR°RјRё RЅRѕRIRёR№ RIRёRyeR»RёRye. RќR° S‚R»S– S–RјRѕRIS–SЂRЅRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRёS…RѕRgSѓ RgRѕ RIR»R°RgRё R±RµR·S–RgRµR№RЅRёS… RїRѕRїSѓR»S–SЃS‚S–RI S” SЂRёR·RёRye RIS‚SЂR°S‚RёS‚Rё RyeSѓSЂSЃ RЅR° RїRѕRgRѕR»R°RЅRЅSЏ S‚SЏR¶S–RЅRЅSЏ S‚RѕS‚R°R»S–S‚R°SЂRЅRѕRiRѕ S‚R° S–RјRїRµSЂSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRёRЅSѓR»RѕRiRѕ. RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS– RїRѕS‚SЂS–R±RЅS– RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅS– RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЃSЊRyeS– S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS†S–S— RїR°RјvЂ™SЏS‚S–!