R¦RµR»R»RµRЅR±R°Sѓ: RјS–SЃS†Rµ, RgRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ SѓRIvЂ™SЏR·RЅRµRЅRѕ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂSѓ S‚R° R„RISЂRѕRїSѓ

R¦Rµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ vЂ“ RЅR°RїRµRIRЅRѕ, RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёR№ SЂRµS‡RѕRIRёR№ RgRѕRyeR°R· RI SЃSѓRїRµSЂRµS‡RyeR°S… RїSЂRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ. RЎR°RјRµ S‚SѓS‚ RїSЂRѕRIS–RI S‚SЂRё SЂRѕRyeRё SЃRIRѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRye SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI, R° S‚R°RyeRѕR¶ S–RЅS€S– RIRёRgR°S‚RЅS– RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeRё RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI, SЏRyeS– R±RѕSЂRѕR»RёSЃSЊ R· RЅR°S†RёR·RјRѕRј.

RњSѓR·RµS— R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— SЃS‚S–RЅRё S” RїSЂRёRiRѕR»RѕRјS€SѓSЋS‡R° SЃRIRѕS—Rј SЃRёRјRIRѕR»S–R·RјRѕRј RµRyeSЃRїRѕR·RёS†S–SЏ – RgRIR° SЃRїRёSЃRyeRё R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅRёS… Sѓ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂS– R—R°RyeSЃRµRЅRiR°SѓR·RµRЅ. RўS–R»SЊRyeRё SЃRїRёSЃRѕRye R»S–RIRѕSЂSѓS‡ – SѓRјRµSЂS‚RIR»RµRЅS– RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚R°RјRё, R° RI SЃRїRёSЃRyeSѓ RїSЂR°RIRѕSЂSѓS‡ – SѓRјRµSЂS‚RIR»RµRЅS– RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚R°RјRё. RћR±RёRgRIR° SЃRїRёSЃRyeRё R·RgR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ R±RµR·RyeS–RЅRµS‡RЅRёRјRё…

R¦Rµ RјS–SЃS†Rµ – RЅR°RїRµRIRЅRѕ, RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёR№ SЂRµS‡RѕRIRёR№ RgRѕRyeR°R· RI SЃSѓRїRµSЂRµS‡RyeR°S… RїSЂRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЋ RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ. RџRµRIRЅRѕ, RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё R± RЅRµ SЃS‚R°R»Rѕ RЅRёRј, SЏRyeR±Rё RЅRµ S„R°RyeS‚, S‰Rѕ SЃR°RјRµ S‚SѓS‚ RїSЂRѕRIS–RI S‚SЂRё SЂRѕRyeRё SЃRIRѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂR°.

R’RѕR¶RgSЊ RћRЈRќ Sѓ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… S‚SЋSЂRјR°S… S– RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂR°S…

R›SЋRgRёRЅR°, SЏRyeSѓ RЅR°RјR°RiR°R»RёSЃSЏ S– RЅR°RјR°RiR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‡SѓRIR°S‚Rё Sѓ SЃRїS–RIRїSЂR°S†S– R· RЅR°S†RёR·RјRѕRј. RђR»Rµ RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR»RёRIRѕ R·RIRёRЅSѓRIR°S‚RёS‚Rё R·R°RIR°R¶R°S” S„R°RyeS‚ – "RyeRѕR»R°R±RѕSЂR°RЅS‚ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂR°" RIS–RgSЃRёRgS–RI S‚SЂRё SЂRѕRyeRё Sѓ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–. RџSЂRё S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ SЃRµSЂRµRgRЅS–R№ S‚RµSЂRјS–RЅ R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RI’SЏR·RЅSЏ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ SЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёRI 4 RјS–SЃSЏS†S–.

"R¦RµR»R»RµRЅR±R°Sѓ" - RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIR° RI’SЏR·RЅRёS†SЏ RЎRЎ S‚R° R“RµSЃS‚R°RїRѕ" - RЅR°RїRёSЃ RЅR° S‚R°R±R»RёS†S– RЅR° R±R°SЂR°S†S–, RgRµ SѓS‚SЂRёRјSѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR°R№RIS–RgRѕRјS–S€RёS… R±SЂR°RЅS†S–RI S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S–

RћRgRЅRѕS‡R°SЃRЅRѕ – S†Rµ SЃRёRјRIRѕR» SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRѕS— R„RISЂRѕRїRё. R„RISЂRѕRїRё, SЏRye SЂS–R·RЅRѕRјR°RЅS–S‚S‚SЏ, SЏRye RyeRѕRјRїSЂRѕRјS–SЃSѓ, SЏRye RIRјS–RЅRЅSЏ RgRѕRјRѕRIR»SЏS‚RёSЃSЏ RЅR°RїRµSЂRµRyeS–SЂ SЃR°RјRѕRIRїRµRIRЅRµRЅRѕSЃS‚S– RЅRµSѓRyeS–RI, RїRµRIRЅRёS… RїRµSЂRµRgSѓSЃS–Rј Sѓ RIRѕR»RѕRgS–RЅRЅS– RIRёS‰RѕSЋ S–SЃS‚RёRЅRѕSЋ S– Sѓ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕRјSѓ RїSЂR°RIS– RIRёSЂS–S€SѓRIR°S‚Rё, RyeRѕRјSѓ R¶RёS‚Rё, R° RyeRѕRјSѓ RIRјRёSЂR°S‚Rё.

R¦Rµ RISЃRµ, S‰Rѕ R·R°R»RёS€RёR»RѕSЃSЏ RIS–Rg Rў-RїRѕRgS–R±RЅRѕS— Sѓ RїR»R°RЅS– R±SѓRgS–RIR»S–. "RџRµSЂRµRyeR»R°RgRёRЅSѓ" R·SЂSѓR№RЅSѓRIR°R»Rё RIRѕSЃRµRЅRё 1944 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, R·R°R»RёS€RёR»R°SЃSЏ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё "RЅS–R¶RyeR°"

RњR°R»Rѕ RgRµ R·R±RёSЂR°R»RѕSЃSЏ SЂR°R·RѕRј RЅR°SЃS‚S–R»SЊRyeRё SЂS–R·RЅS– R»SЋRgRё, SЏRye Sѓ R±R»RѕS†S– R¦RµR»R»RµRЅR±R°Sѓ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ R—R°RyeSЃRµRЅRiR°SѓR·RµRЅ. R‡S… RѕR±’S”RgRЅSѓRIR°R»Rѕ S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RѕRgRЅRµ – R¶RѕRgRµRЅ R· RЅRёS… RЅRµ RIRёR·RЅR°RIR°RI RIR»R°RgRЅRѕS— RјRѕRЅRѕRїRѕR»S–S— RЅR° SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgSѓ RgSѓRјRyeRё.

RЈ SЃRїRёSЃRyeSѓ SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRёS… - RgS–SЏS‡S– RїSЂRѕS„SЃRїS–R»RyeRѕRIRёS… SЂSѓS…S–RI RїRѕ RISЃS–R№ R„RISЂRѕRїS–, RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RїSЂRµRј’S”SЂ – RјS–RЅS–SЃS‚SЂ R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–S— RџRѕR»SЊ R RµR№RЅRѕ, SЃRёRЅ RgRѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRyeR° RђSЂRyeS‚RёRyeRё RћRgRg RќR°RЅSЃRµRЅ, R°SЂS…S–S”RїRёSЃRyeRѕRї RїRѕR»SЊSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ R›SЋR±R»S–RЅR° R’R»R°RgRёSЃR»R°RI R“SѓSЂR°R»SЊ, R°RЅRiR»S–R№SЃSЊRyeS– RїS–R»RѕS‚Rё, RњR°SЂS–R°RЅ R RµS”RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ - RјR°S‚RµRјR°S‚RёRye, SЏRyeRёR№ SЂRѕR·S€RёS„SЂSѓRIR°RI RyeRѕRg "R•RЅS–RiRјRё".

RўSѓS‚ R±SѓR»R° RyeR°RјRµSЂR°, Sѓ SЏRyeS–R№ RїSЂRѕR№S€R»Rё S‚SЂRё SЂRѕRyeRё R¶RёS‚S‚SЏ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅR° R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂR°. RЇ SЂRѕR·S€SѓRyeR°R»R° RyeR°RјRµSЂSѓ RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeR° RћRЈRќ R· RgRѕRїRѕRјRѕRiRѕSЋ RyeR°SЂS‚Rё RјSѓR·RµSЋ, R·RЅR°SЋS‡Rё R·S– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂR° RЎS‚R°S…S–RIR° S‚RѕS‡RЅRёR№ RЅRѕRјRµSЂ RyeR°RјRµSЂRё. RЇRye RIS–RgSЂS–R·RЅRёS‚Rё SЃR°RјRµ S†RµR№ S„SѓRЅRgR°RјRµRЅS‚ RIS–Rg RgRµSЃSЏS‚RyeS–RI S–RЅS€RёS…? RЎS–R»R° RЅR° RїRѕSЂRѕR·S– S– RїRѕRїSЂRѕSЃRёR»R° S‚R°RyeRѕRiRѕ R¶ RѕRgRёRЅRѕRyeRѕRiRѕ RµRyeSЃRyeSѓSЂSЃR°RЅS‚R°, SЏRye SЃR°RјR°, SЃS„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„SѓRIR°S‚Rё…

R‘SѓR»Rё S‚SѓS‚ S– S‚S–, S…S‚Rѕ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚Rѕ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏRI S–RЅS€RёR№ RIR°SЂS–R°RЅS‚ S‚RѕS‚R°R»S–S‚R°SЂRёR·RјSѓ – SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№: SЃRёRЅ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅR° RЇRyeS–RI R”R¶SѓRiR°S€RIS–R»S–, RiRµRЅRµSЂR°R»Rё RљR°SЂR±RёS€RµRI, RџSЂRёRIR°R»RѕRI, R‘RµSЃSЃRѕRЅRѕRI.

R’S–RgRIS–RgSѓSЋS‡Rё RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS– RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂRё RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RџRѕR»SЊS‰S–, SЏ R·RIRёRyeR»R° RgRѕ S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±S–SЂ R·R°R·RIRёS‡R°R№ SЂRѕR·S‚R°S€RѕRISѓRIR°RISЃSЏ RЅR° RIS–RgRgR°R»S– RIS–Rg RјS–SЃS‚R°. R’RёRЅSЏS‚RyeRѕRј S” S…S–R±R° RњR°R№RgR°RЅRµRye – S– S‚Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ R›SЋR±R»S–RЅ SЂRѕR·SЂS–SЃSЃSЏ RїRѕSЂS–RIRЅSЏRЅRѕ R· S‡R°SЃR°RјRё RIS–R№RЅRё.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S– RI "RђSѓS€RIS–S†S–". R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS–, R±R°RЅRgRµSЂS–RIS†S– S– RIS‚RµS‡R° R„RIRiRµRЅR° R‘RµRЅRgRµSЂRё

RўRёRј S‡R°SЃRѕRј R—R°RyeSЃRµRЅRiR°SѓR·RµRЅ – Sѓ RїRµSЂRµRgRјS–SЃS‚S– R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅR°.

R”RѕR±SЂR°S‚RёSЃSЏ S‚SѓRgRё RјRѕR¶RЅR° RgRIRѕRјR° S€R»SЏS…R°RјRё – R°R±Rѕ R»S–RЅS–S”SЋ 25 S‚R°Rye R·RIR°RЅRѕRiRѕ "RЎ-R±R°RЅSѓ", R°R±Rѕ RgRѕS—S…R°S‚Rё S‚RёRј R¶Rµ "RЎ-R±R°RЅRѕRј" RЅR° RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRёR№ R·R°R»S–R·RЅRёS‡RЅRёR№ RIRѕRyeR·R°R» S– R·RIS–RgS‚Rё RїRѕS‚SЏRiRѕRј Sѓ RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRyeSѓ R RѕSЃS‚RѕRyeR° RgRѕS—S…R°S‚Rё RgRѕ RћSЂR°RЅS–S”RЅR±SѓSЂRiR°, RЅRµRIRµR»RёS‡RyeRѕRiRѕ RјS–SЃS‚RµS‡RyeR° RЅR° RїS–RIRЅS–S‡ RIS–Rg R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅR°.

RџRѕRјRёR»RёS‚RёSЃSЏ R· RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕSЋ RI RyeRѕR»RёS€RЅS–R№ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±S–SЂ, R° R·R°SЂR°R· RјSѓR·RµR№ RЅRµRјRѕR¶R»RёRIRѕ – RЅR° RyeRѕR¶RЅRѕRјSѓ RїRѕRIRѕSЂRѕS‚S– – S– S†Rµ RЅRµ RјRµS‚R°S„RѕSЂR° – SЃS‚RѕSЏS‚SЊ RIRyeR°R·S–RIRЅRёRyeRё RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјSѓ S– RIS–RgRgR°R»S– RgRѕ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ SЃR°RјRѕRiRѕ R—R°RyeSЃRµRЅRiR°SѓR·RµRЅR°.

RџR»R°RЅ RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂR°S†S–R№RЅRѕRiRѕ S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ R—R°RyeSЃRµRЅRiR°SѓR·RµRЅ

R¦RµR»R»RµRЅR±R°Sѓ – S†Rµ RѕRyeSЂRµRјRµ S†R°SЂSЃS‚RIRѕ. R’S–RgRiRѕSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRµ RIS–Rg SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ S– SЂRµS€S‚Rё S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RIRёSЃRѕRyeRёRј RјSѓSЂRѕRј RѕRgRЅRѕRїRѕRIRµSЂS…RѕRIR° R±SѓRgS–RIR»SЏ Rў-RїRѕRgS–R±RЅRѕS— S„RѕSЂRјRё. RќR° RIS–RyeRЅR°S… – RgRµSЂRµRI’SЏRЅS– S‰RёS‚RyeRё.

R”RIRµSЂS– RїSЂRѕRїSѓSЃRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ Sѓ RISѓR·SЊRyeRёR№ RyeRѕSЂRёRgRѕSЂ. RћR±R°R±S–S‡ - RgRIR° SЂSЏRgRё RgRIRµSЂRµR№. RљRѕR¶RЅS– RgRIRµSЂS– RIRµRgSѓS‚SЊ Sѓ RЅRµRIRµR»RёS‡RyeSѓ RyeS–RјRЅR°S‚RyeSѓ, RI SЏRyeSѓ R»RµRgRIRµ RїSЂRѕR±RёRIR°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ SЃRIS–S‚R»Rѕ. R— SѓRјRµR±R»SЋRIR°RЅRЅSЏ – S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё R»RµR¶R°Rye, RїSЂRёRyeSЂRёS‚RёR№ RiSЂSѓR±RёRј RїRѕRyeSЂRёRIR°R»RѕRј. R¦Rµ RїRѕRyeSЂRёRIR°R»Rѕ SЃR»SѓR¶RёR»Rѕ RI’SЏR·RЅRµRIS– RyeRѕRIRgSЂRѕSЋ. R RµS€S‚R° – RiRѕR»RёR№ RїSЂRѕSЃS‚S–SЂ RyeR°Rј’SЏRЅRѕRiRѕ RјS–S€RyeR°. RЈ RyeSѓS‚RyeSѓ, S‰RѕRїSЂR°RIRgR°, SЃS‚RѕSЏR»R° S‚. R·RI. "RїR°SЂR°S€R°".

"…R° RyeRѕR»Rё RїSЂRёR№S€R»Rё R·R° RјRЅRѕSЋ, S‚Rѕ RIR¶Rµ RЅRµ R±SѓR»Rѕ RyeRѕRјSѓ RISЃS‚SѓRїRёS‚RёSЃSЏ R·R° RјRµRЅRµ». RђRIS‚RѕSЂ S†S–S”S— RIS–RgRѕRјRѕS— S„SЂR°R·Rё, RїR°SЃS‚RѕSЂ RњR°SЂS‚S–RЅ RќS–RјSЊRѕR»R»RµSЂ, SЃRёRgS–RI Sѓ S†S–R№ RyeR°RјRµSЂS–. R’R»R°SЃRЅRѕSЋ RgRѕR»RµSЋ RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RISЃSЏ Sѓ S†S–RЅS– R±R°R№RgSѓR¶RѕSЃS‚S– S– RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјRyeRё R·R»R° – Sѓ 1933 SЂRѕS†S– RIS–RЅ RїS–RgS‚SЂRёRјR°RI RїSЂRёS…S–Rg RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚S–RI RgRѕ RIR»R°RgRё, R°R»Rµ RїS–R·RЅS–S€Rµ RЅRµ SЃS‚RµSЂRїS–RI RIS‚SЂSѓS‡R°RЅRЅSЏ S„SЋSЂRµSЂR° S– RЅR°S†S– Sѓ RїRёS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ SЃRIRѕR±RѕRgRё SЃRѕRIS–SЃS‚S– S– S†RµSЂRyeRѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ SѓRїSЂR°RIR»S–RЅRЅSЏ. R—R° S‰Rѕ S– RїRѕRїR»R°S‚RёRISЃSЏ SЂRѕRyeR°RјRё Sѓ R¦RµR»R»RµRЅR±R°Sѓ

RЈ S†SЊRѕRјSѓ "RјS–S€RyeSѓ" RI’SЏR·RЅS– "RIR»S–S‚RyeSѓ R·R°RgRёS…R°R»RёSЃSЏ RIS–Rg SЃRїRµRyeRё, R° RIR·RёRјRyeSѓ RgSѓR±S–R»Rё RIS–Rg RјRѕSЂRѕR·Sѓ. R„RgRёRЅRёR№ RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚ R·S– R·RѕRIRЅS–S€RЅS–Rј SЃRIS–S‚RѕRј – RѕS…RѕSЂRѕRЅS†S– S‚R° SЂRѕR·RgR°RIR°S‡S– S—R¶S–. Rђ S‰Rµ – SЂS–RgRyeS–SЃRЅS– S– RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeRѕS‡R°SЃRЅS– RїSЂRѕRiSѓR»SЏRЅRyeRё RїRѕRgRIS–SЂ’SЏRј – RgRѕR·RIRѕR»RµRЅS– RЅRµ RISЃS–Rј S– RЅRµ R·R°RIR¶RgRё.

RџRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RI S†RёS… "RјS–S€RyeR°S…" R±SѓR»Rѕ S‚RёRј, S‰Rѕ RїRѕS”RgRЅR°R»Rѕ R»SЋRgRµR№ SЂS–R·RЅRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, RїSЂRѕS„RµSЃS–R№, RIS–RyeSѓ, RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RїRµSЂRµRyeRѕRЅR°RЅSЊ.

"R‘SЂRµRЅRg" S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S– - RЅR°RїRёSЃ RЅR° RIRѕSЂRѕS‚R°S…: "RџSЂR°S†SЏ SЂRѕR±RёS‚SЊ RIS–R»SЊRЅRѕSЋ"

R— SѓSЃS–S”S— R„RISЂRѕRїRё SЃSЋRgRё R·RIRѕR·RёR»Rё RѕSЃRѕR±R»RёRIRѕ RIR°R¶R»RёRIRёS… RISЏR·RЅS–RI S– RїRѕRјS–S‰R°R»Rё S—S… RїS–Rg RЅR°RiR»SЏRg RљSѓSЂS‚R° R•RyeRyeR°SЂS–SѓSЃR° – RyeRѕRјRµRЅRgR°RЅS‚R° R¦RµR»R»RµRЅR±R°Sѓ, SЏRyeRёR№ RїS–RgRyeRѕSЂSЏRISЃSЏ R±RµR·RїRѕSЃRµSЂRµRgRЅSЊRѕ RЅR°S‡R°R»SЊRЅRёRyeRѕRIS– S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RђRЅS‚RѕRЅSѓ RљR°R№RЅRgR»SЋ.

R† – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeS– RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚Rё. RЇSЂRѕSЃR»R°RI RЎS‚RµS†SЊRyeRѕ, R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RЎS‚R°S…S–RI S– RїSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRye RћRЈRќ RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂR°. RЈSЃS– RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёR»Rё SЃSЋRgRё RI R»RёRїRЅS– 1941 SЂRѕRyeSѓ - SЏRye RїRѕRyeR°SЂR°RЅRЅSЏ R·R° RїSЂRѕRiRѕR»RѕS€RµRЅRЅSЏ RђRyeS‚Sѓ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRё S‚R° RIS–RgRјRѕRISѓ R·SЂRµRyeS‚RёSЃSЏ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R°RyeS‚Sѓ.

RљSЂR°S‰Rµ RЅS–RyeRѕR»Rё, RЅS–R¶ RїS–R·RЅRѕ. RђRyeS‚ 30 S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1941 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЏRye RїRѕRјRёR»RyeR° RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI

RЎS‚RµRїR°RЅ R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂR° RїSЂRѕRIS–RI Sѓ "RyeR°RјSЏRЅRѕRјSѓ RјS–S€RyeSѓ" R±RµR· RїSЂR°RIR° RїSЂRѕRiSѓR»SЏRЅRѕRye S‚SЂRё SЂRѕRyeRё - R°R¶ RgRѕ RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 1944 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RњRѕRЅRѕS‚RѕRЅRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ RїRµSЂRµR±SѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕSЂSѓS€SѓRIR°R»Rё S‚S–R»SЊRyeRё RgRIS– SЂRµS‡S– – SЂRµRiSѓR»SЏSЂRЅS– RIRёRIRµR·RµRЅRЅSЏ RI R‘RµSЂR»S–RЅ RЅR° RgRѕRїRёS‚Rё-RIRјRѕRIR»SЏRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° RyeRѕRЅSЃRїS–SЂR°S‚RёRIRЅRµ SЃRїS–R»RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ R·S– SЃRїS–RIRyeR°RјRµSЂRЅRёRyeR°RјRё.

RЎRµSЂRµRg SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR·RјRѕRIRЅRёRyeS–RI RџSЂRѕRIS–RgRЅRёRyeR° RIRёSЏRIRёRISЃSЏ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°S‡ RђSЂRјS–S— RљSЂR°R№RѕRIRѕS— RЎS‚RµS„R°RЅ R“SЂRѕS‚- R RѕRIRµS†SЊRyeRёR№. RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ RїRѕS‚SЂR°RїRёRI SЃSЋRgRё RїS–SЃR»SЏ R№RѕRiRѕ R°SЂRµS€S‚Sѓ Sѓ R’R°SЂS€R°RIS– RЅR°RїSЂRёRyeS–RЅS†S– S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1943 SЂRѕRyeSѓ.

R’S–R»R»S– R’S–SЂR·S–RЅRi - RiRµSЃS‚R°RїS–RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ R»S–RyeRIS–RgR°S‚RѕSЂ RћRЈRќ

RЎRїS–R»RyeSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ RїRѕS‡R°R»RѕSЃSЏ R· S‚RѕRiRѕ, S‰Rѕ R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RЎS‚R°S…S–RI RѕRyeR»RёRyeRЅSѓRI R RѕRIRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, SЏRyeRѕRiRѕ RIRёRIRµR»Rё RЅR° RїSЂRѕRiSѓR»SЏRЅRyeSѓ RI RgRIS–SЂ. R RѕRIRµS†SЊRyeRёR№, RїRѕS‡SѓRIS€Rё SЂS–RgRЅSѓ RјRѕRISѓ, RѕR·RIR°RISЃSЏ RgRѕ RЅRµR·RЅR°R№RѕRјS†SЏ R·-R·R° RgRµSЂRµRI’SЏRЅRѕRiRѕ S‰RёS‚RyeR°. RџS–SЃR»SЏ S‚RѕRiRѕ, SЏRye RѕR±RѕS” RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRёR»RёSЃSЏ, R RѕRIRµS†SЊRyeRёR№ RїRѕS†S–RyeR°RIRёRISЃSЏ, S‡Rё S” SЃRµSЂRµRg SѓRI’SЏR·RЅRµRЅRёS… R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂR°. R’RёSЏRIRёR»RѕSЃSЏ, S‰Rѕ S‚R°Rye. RќR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅRѕRiRѕ RgRЅSЏ R RѕRIRµS†SЊRyeRёR№ SЂRѕR·RјRѕRIR»SЏRI SѓR¶Rµ R· R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂRѕSЋ.

RџR°RјSЏS‚RЅR° RјRµRgR°R»SЊ RЅR° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRyeRѕRјR°RЅRgSѓRIR°S‡S–RI RђSЂRјS–S— RљSЂR°R№RѕRIRѕS— RЎS‚RµS„R°RЅR° R RѕRIRµS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ

RљSЂS–Rј SЂRѕR·RјRѕRI, RI’SЏR·RЅS– RgS–R»RёR»RёSЃSЏ S—R¶RµSЋ S‚R° RЅRѕRIRёRЅR°RјRё R·S– SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ. RЈ RѕR±RѕS… RIRёRїR°RgRyeR°S… RyeRѕRјR°RЅRgRёSЂ RђRљ RјR°RI RїRµSЂRµRIR°RiSѓ – SЏRye RЅRѕRIRѕRїSЂRёR±SѓR»RёR№, RIS–RЅ RyeSЂR°S‰Rµ RѕSЂS–S”RЅS‚SѓRIR°RISЃSЏ Sѓ RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–S… RїRѕRgS–SЏS….

R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂS–RIS†S– R·RјRѕRiR»Rё RIS–RgRgSЏS‡RёS‚Rё S–RЅR°RyeS€Rµ – "R“SЂRѕS‚" RјR°RI S…RIRѕSЂRёR№ S€R»SѓRЅRѕRye, R° SЃRµSЂRµRg "SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RiSЂRѕRјR°RgRё" R¦RµR»R»RµRЅR±R°Sѓ R±SѓRI R»S–RyeR°SЂ, RўRѕRјR° R›R°RїRёS‡R°Rye. R’S–RЅ S– RgRѕRїRѕRјS–Ri S…RIRѕSЂRѕRјSѓ – RyeRѕRЅSЃSѓR»SЊS‚R°S†S–S— RIS–RgR±SѓRIR°R»RёSЃSЏ S‡RµSЂRµR· "RiSЂRёRїSЃRё", SЏRyeS– RIRyeR»R°RgR°R»RёSЃSЏ R·R° S‰RёS‚RyeRё RIS–RyeRѕRЅ RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RїSЂRѕRiSѓR»SЏRЅRѕRye.

RџRµSЂRµRg RIS–RyeRЅR°RјRё RyeR°RјRµSЂ RIRёSЃRѕS‡S–R»Rё S€RёR±RµRЅRёS†S– – RЅS–R±Rё RЅR°RiR°RgSѓSЋS‡Rё RїSЂRѕ S‚Rµ, S‰Rѕ S‡RµRyeR°S” S—S… SѓSЃS–S…

R‘R°RЅRgRµSЂR° S‚R° R RѕRIRµS†SЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°RIS–S‚SЊ RїR»R°RЅSѓRIR°R»Rё SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅSѓ RIS‚RµS‡Sѓ, SЏRyeR° "R·S–SЂRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ" RI RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS–R№ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚. R”SЂSѓR¶R±Sѓ RѕR±S–SЂRIR°R»R° SЃRјRµSЂS‚SЊ "RїRѕR»RyeRѕRIRЅRёRyeR° R“SЂRѕS‚R°" – R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕR·SЃS‚SЂS–R»SЏR»Rё Sѓ SЃRµSЂRїRЅS– 1944 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RџS–SЃR»SЏ RIRёR±SѓS…Sѓ R’R°SЂS€R°RISЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RїRѕRISЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ.

R•RyeSЃRyeSѓSЂSЃS–SЏ RI RјSѓR·RµR№ "RђSѓS€RIS–S†-R‘S–SЂRyeRµRЅR°Sѓ". RЇRye R¶RёR»Rё S– RїRѕRјRёSЂR°R»Rё RI RћSЃRIRµRЅS†RёRјS–

R¤RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–S— RgR°SЋS‚SЊ SѓSЏRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSЂRѕ R°RЅS‚SѓSЂR°R¶ S†SЊRѕRiRѕ "RјS–R¶RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRЅS‚R°RyeS‚Sѓ". R† R·R°RѕRgRЅRѕ - RїSЂRѕ SѓRјRѕRIRё, SЏRyeRёS…, RЅR° RgSѓRјRyeSѓ RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚S–RI S‚R° RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI R·R°SЃR»SѓRiRѕRISѓRIR°R»Rё S‚S–, S…S‚Rѕ "RЅRµ RIRїRёSЃSѓRIR°RISЃSЏ" Sѓ "S”RgRёRЅRѕ RIS–SЂRЅSѓ" RyeR°SЂS‚RёRЅSѓ SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ.

RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg Sѓ SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—

RњSЂS–SЏ? RќS– vЂ“ S†Rµ RIR¶Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ. R† RЅRµ RѕRgRёRЅ SЂR°R·. RџRѕR±SѓS‚SѓS” RgSѓRјRyeR°, S‰Rѕ RI RЅR°S€S–R№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RјR°R»Rѕ SЃRIS–S‚R»RёS… SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRѕRye S– RїRµSЂRµRјRѕRi. R“SЂR°RЅRgS–RѕR·RЅRёR№ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїR°SЂR°Rg RI SЃS‚RѕR»RёS†S– R RѕSЃS–S—: SЏRye S†Rµ R±SѓR»Rѕ?

RћRјRµR»SЏRЅ RљRѕRIS‡ vЂ” SЃRISЏS‰RµRЅRёRye, RїR°S‚SЂS–RѕS‚ S‚R° RїSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRye

"RљRѕRIS‡, SЏRyeRёR№ RgRѕSЃRyeRѕRЅR°R»Rѕ R·RЅR°RI RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeSѓ RјRѕRISѓ, RyeSЂRёRyeRЅSѓRI RgRѕ RЅS–RјRµS†SЊRyeRёS… SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚S–RI, S‰RѕR± RgRѕRїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ RgRѕ SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RћSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– RѕRЅS–RјS–R»Rё RIS–Rg R·RgRёRISѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S– RїSѓSЃS‚RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ, R° RѕS‚RµS†SЊ RyeRёRЅSѓRISЃSЏ RIRёRЅRѕSЃRёS‚Rё R»SЋRgRµR№ S–R· RїR°R»R°SЋS‡RѕS— SЃRёRЅR°RiRѕRiRё. RЎRµSЂRµRg S–RЅS€RёS…, SЏRyeRёS… RISЂSЏS‚SѓRIR°RI Rѕ. RљRѕRIS‡, R±SѓRI SЂR°R±RёRЅ Rј. R‘RµR»R· RђR°SЂRѕRЅ R RѕRyeRµR°S…".

R‘RµR· RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚S–RI S– RyeRѕRјSЃRѕRјRѕR»SЊS†S–RI. RЇRye R·R°SЃRЅSѓRIR°R»Rё RЎRїS–R»RyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS–

19 SЃRµSЂRїRЅSЏ 1989 SЂRѕRyeSѓ, RЅR° RiRѕSЂS– RњR°RyeS–RIRyeR° vЂ“ RјS–SЃS†S– R±RѕS—RI RЈRЎRЎ R· RјRѕSЃRyeRѕRISЃSЊRyeRёRј RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRј R·R°SЃRЅRѕRIR°RЅRѕ RЎRїS–R»RyeSѓ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRѕS— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— RјRѕR»RѕRgS– (RЎRќRЈRњ). RћSЃRЅRѕRIRЅRёRјRё RЅR°RїSЂSЏRјRyeR°RјRё RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚S– R·R°RgRµRyeR»R°SЂSѓRIR°R»Rё RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№, RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRѕ-RѕSЃRIS–S‚RЅS–R№ S‚R° SЃRїRѕSЂS‚RёRIRЅRёR№. RЈ SЃS‚R°S‚SѓS‚ R±RµR· RgRIRѕR·RЅR°S‡RЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№ RIRЅRµSЃR»Rё RЅRѕSЂRјSѓ: "RљRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚Rё S‚R° RyeRѕRјSЃRѕRјRѕR»SЊS†S– S‡R»RµRЅR°RјRё RЎRќRЈRњSѓ R±SѓS‚Rё RЅRµ RјRѕR¶SѓS‚SЊ".

RџSѓS‚S‡ Sѓ RњRѕSЃRyeRIS– Sѓ SЃRµSЂRїRЅS– 1991 SЂRѕRyeSѓ. RЇRye SЂRµR°RiSѓRIR°R»R° RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅR°

RћS‡RµRIRёRgS†S– R· SЂR°RgS–SЃS‚SЋ R·RiR°RgSѓSЋS‚SЊ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚, RyeRѕR»Rё RgRѕRЅRµS†SЊRyeS– S€R°S…S‚R°SЂS– S‚RµR¶ RїRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIRёR»Rё RЅRµ RIRёR·RЅR°RIR°S‚Rё SЂRѕR·RїRѕSЂSЏRgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RїSѓS‚S‡RёSЃS‚S–RI S–R· R“RљR§Rџ S– RѕRiRѕR»RѕSЃRёR»Rё RїSЂRѕ R±RµR·SЃS‚SЂRѕRyeRѕRIRёR№ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёR№ SЃS‚SЂR°R№Rye, RIRёRјR°RiR°SЋS‡Rё R·R°R±RѕSЂRѕRЅRё RљRџR RЎ.