RџRµSЂS€S– S…RIRёR»RёRЅRё R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RђSѓS€RIS–S†. RЈRЅS–RyeR°R»SЊRЅS– R¤RћRўRћ

27 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1945 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±SЂR°RјSѓ S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RђSѓS€RIS–S† RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»Rё SЃRѕR»RgR°S‚Rё 100-S— R›SЊRIS–RISЃSЊRyeRѕS— RgRёRIS–R·S–S— R· R±R°S‚R°R»SЊR№RѕRЅSѓ RјR°R№R±SѓS‚RЅSЊRѕRiRѕ R“RµSЂRѕSЏ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, RїRѕR»S‚R°RIS‡R°RЅRёRЅR° RђRЅR°S‚RѕR»S–SЏ RЁR°RїS–SЂRѕ.

R¦RµR№ RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚ R±SѓRI R·R°S„S–RyeSЃRѕRIR°RЅRёR№ S–S‰Rµ RѕRgRЅRёRј RIRёS…S–RgS†RµRј R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё – RyeRёSЏRЅRёRЅRѕRј R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂRѕRј R®RgS–RЅRёRј, S„RѕS‚RѕRyeRѕSЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚RѕRј RiR°R·RµS‚Rё "R—R° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё" RџRµSЂS€RѕRiRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ.

R¦S– SѓRЅS–RyeR°R»SЊRЅS– S„RѕS‚Rѕ R·R±RµSЂS–RiR°SЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ Sѓ R¦RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIRЅRѕRјSѓ RyeS–RЅRѕS„RѕS‚RѕS„RѕRЅRѕR°SЂS…S–RIS– RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё S–Rј. R“.RЎ. RџS€RµRЅS–S‡RЅRѕRiRѕ S– SЃS‚R°R»Rё S‡R°SЃS‚RёRЅRѕSЋ RIRёSЃS‚R°RIRyeRё "RљRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±S–SЂ RђSѓS€RIS–S† – SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RIRёRјS–SЂ. R”RѕSЃR»S–RgR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ, RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚Rё, SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅRЅSЏ", S‰Rѕ RIS–RgRyeSЂRёR»R°SЃSЏ Sѓ RќR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕRјSѓ RјSѓR·RµS— S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё Sѓ R”SЂSѓRiS–R№ SЃRIS–S‚RѕRIS–R№ RIS–R№RЅS–. 

 R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R®RgS–RЅ

R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ R®RgS–RЅ RIS–RgR·RЅSЏRI RyeS–R»SЊRyeR° SЂRѕR»RёRyeS–RI S„RѕS‚RѕRїR»S–RIRyeRё Sѓ RgRµRЅSЊ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RђSѓS€RIS–S† S‚R° RЅR°SЃS‚SѓRїRЅS– RgRЅS–. R’RѕRЅRё SЃS‚R°R»Rё RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RїRµSЂS€RёS… SЃRIS–RgS‡RµRЅSЊ RїSЂRѕ RѕRgRёRЅ R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… R·R»RѕS‡RёRЅS–RI RЅR°S†RёR·RјSѓ - R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚.

20 S„RѕS‚RѕRiSЂR°S„S–R№ RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓS”RјRѕ Sѓ S†S–R№ RїS–RgR±S–SЂS†S–.  R”RµSЏRyeS– R· RЅRёS… RїSѓR±R»S–RyeSѓSЋS‚SЊSЃSЏ RIRїRµSЂS€Rµ. 

R’RѕR»RѕRgRёRјRёSЂ RџR°RIR»RѕRIRёS‡ R®RgS–RЅ RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ Sѓ 1906 SЂ. Sѓ Rј. RљRёS”RIS–. RЈ 1926 SЂ. R·R°RyeS–RЅS‡RёRI RљRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRёR№ S„S–R·RyeSѓR»SЊS‚SѓSЂRЅRёR№ S‚RµS…RЅS–RyeSѓRј, RIS‡RёS‚RµR»SЋRIR°RI Sѓ S€RyeRѕR»R°S… RљRёS”RIR°.

R’S–Rg 1930 SЂ. S„RѕS‚RѕRyeRѕSЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚ RyeRёS—RISЃSЊRyeRёS… RiR°R·RµS‚ S– R¶SѓSЂRЅR°R»S–RI. R— RїRµSЂS€RёS… RgRЅS–RI RIS–R№RЅRё R±SѓRI RЅR° S„SЂRѕRЅS‚S–. RЈS‡R°SЃRЅRёRye RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R±RёS‚RIRё, S„RѕS‚RѕRyeRѕSЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚ RїSЂRё RїRѕR»S–S‚RIS–RgRgS–R»S– 21 R°SЂRјS–S— RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅRiSЂR°RgSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ.

R’S–Rg S‡RµSЂRIRЅSЏ 1943 SЂ. – S„RѕS‚RѕRyeRѕSЂRµSЃRїRѕRЅRgRµRЅS‚ RiR°R·RµS‚Rё R’RѕSЂRѕRЅRµR·SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ (R·RiRѕRgRѕRј - 1-RiRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ) S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ "R—R° S‡RµSЃS‚SЊ R‘R°S‚SЊRyeS–RIS‰RёRЅRё".

RќR°RiRѕSЂRѕRgR¶RµRЅRёR№ RѕSЂRgRµRЅR°RјRё R§RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕS— R—S–SЂRyeRё, R’S–S‚S‡RёR·RЅSЏRЅRѕS— RIS–R№RЅRё R†R† SЃS‚, RјRµRgR°R»SЏRјRё. RЈ RїRѕRIRѕS”RЅRЅRёR№ S‡R°SЃ R¶RёRI RI RїSЂR°S†SЋRIR°RI Sѓ RљRёS”RIS–. RџRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ 1985 SЂ.

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RџRћRџR•R R•R”R–R•RќRќRЇ: R”RµSЏRyeS– S„RѕS‚Rѕ RјS–SЃS‚SЏS‚SЊ R·RѕR±SЂR°R¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRµSЂRµRyeRѕRјRµRЅRgRѕRIR°RЅS– RgR»SЏ RїRµSЂRµRiR»SЏRgSѓ RgS–S‚SЏRј S‚R° R»SЋRgSЏRј S–R· RISЂR°R·R»RёRIRѕSЋ RїSЃRёS…S–RyeRѕSЋ.

RќR°RiR°RgSѓS”RјRѕ, RђSѓS€RIS–S† - RѕRgRёRЅ S–R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… RyeRѕRЅS†RµRЅS‚SЂR°S†S–R№RЅRёS… S‚R°R±RѕSЂS–RI RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚SЃSЊRyeRѕS— RќS–RјRµS‡S‡RёRЅRё, SЏRyeRёR№ SЂRѕR·S‚R°S€SѓRIR°R»Rё RЅR° S‚RµSЂRёS‚RѕSЂS–S— RџRѕR»SЊS‰S– (R±S–R»SЏ Rј. RћSЃRIRµRЅS†RёRј) RIRїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶ 1940-1945 SЂSЂ. RђSѓS€RIS–S† SЃS‚R°RI RgR»SЏ SЃRIS–S‚Sѓ SЃRёRјRIRѕR»RѕRј R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ, RiRµRЅRѕS†RёRgSѓ R№ S‚RµSЂRѕSЂSѓ.

R’S‡RµRЅS– RIRIR°R¶R°SЋS‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ S‡RµSЂRµR· RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±S–SЂ RђSѓS€RIS–S† RїSЂRѕR№S€R»Rѕ S‰RѕRЅR°R№RјRµRЅS€Rµ 1,3 RјR»RЅ RѕSЃS–R±, R· SЏRyeRёS… 1,1 RјR»RЅ R±SѓR»Rё R·RЅRёS‰RµRЅS–.

RћRyeSЂS–Rј S”RISЂRµS—RI S‚R° RїRѕR»SЏRyeS–RI, SЏRyeS– RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIR»SЏSЋS‚SЊ RgRIS– RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ RїRѕSЃS‚SЂR°R¶RgR°R»S– RiSЂSѓRїRё, RIRёRѕRyeSЂRµRјR»SЋSЋS‚SЊ RїSЂRµRgSЃS‚R°RIRЅRёRyeS–RI S–RЅS€RёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕSЃS‚RµR№, SЃRµSЂRµRg SЏRyeRёS… – S– SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI.

R”RѕSЃR»S–RgRЅRёRyeRё RїSЂRёRїSѓSЃRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ, S‰Rѕ RI’SЏR·RЅSЏRјRё RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RђSѓS€RIS–S† R±SѓR»Rѕ R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ 110 S‚RёSЃ. RѕSЃS–R±-RIRёS…S–RgS†S–RI R· RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё: RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeRѕRIRѕRїRѕR»RѕRЅRµRЅS– S‡RµSЂRIRѕRЅRѕR°SЂRјS–R№S†S–, S‡R»RµRЅRё RћSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»S–SЃS‚S–RI, RgRµRїRѕSЂS‚RѕRIR°RЅS– R·R° SЃRїSЂRѕS‚RёRI RIRёRIRµR·RµRЅRЅSЋ RЅR° RїSЂRёRјSѓSЃRѕRISѓ RїSЂR°S†SЋ R°R±Rѕ RIS‚S–RyeR°S‡S– R· S†RёS… SЂRѕR±S–S‚, R·RѕRyeSЂRµRјR° - R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ 95 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ R·R°RyeR°SЂRїR°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI.

17-21 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1945 SЂRѕRyeSѓ R±R»RёR·SЊRyeRѕ 60 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RI’SЏR·RЅS–RI, SЏRyeS– RјRѕRiR»Rё SЂSѓS…R°S‚RёSЃSЏ, RЅR°S†RёSЃS‚Rё R·RјSѓSЃRёR»Rё RїS–S€RyeRё RIS–RgS–R№S‚Rё (S‚.R·RI. "RјR°SЂS€ SЃRјRµSЂS‚S–") RI S‚RёR» RўSЂRµS‚SЊRѕRiRѕ R RµR№S…Sѓ.

27 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ 1945 SЂ. RIS–R№SЃSЊRyeR° 60-S— R°SЂRјS–S— 1-RiRѕ RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S„SЂRѕRЅS‚Sѓ R·RIS–R»SЊRЅRёR»Rё RїRѕRЅR°Rg 7 S‚RёSЃ. R·R°R»RёS€RµRЅRёS… RI’SЏR·RЅS–RI RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RђSѓS€RIS–S†.

R—RiS–RgRЅRѕ R· SЂRµR·RѕR»SЋS†S–S”SЋ v„– 60/7 R“RµRЅRµSЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RђSЃR°RјR±R»RµS— RћRћRќ, RgRµRЅSЊ 27 SЃS–S‡RЅSЏ RIS–RgR·RЅR°S‡R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ SЏRye RњS–R¶RЅR°SЂRѕRgRЅRёR№ RgRµRЅSЊ RїR°Rј’SЏS‚S– R¶RµSЂS‚RI R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ.

RњR°S‚RµSЂS–R°R» RїS–RgRiRѕS‚RѕRIR»RµRЅRёR№ SЃRїS–RISЂRѕR±S–S‚RЅRёRyeR°RјRё RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ S–RЅSЃS‚RёS‚SѓS‚ RЅR°S†S–RѕRЅR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— RїR°Rј’SЏS‚S–.

RўRђRљRћR–: RњSѓR·RµR№ RyeRѕRЅS†S‚R°R±RѕSЂSѓ RђSѓS€RIS–S†. R¤RћRўRћ