R•RїS–RgRµRјS–SЏ S‚R° RyeRѕSЂSѓRїS†S–SЏ vЂ“ RIRёR±SѓS…RѕRЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅR° SЃSѓRјS–S€!

RЈR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1829 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RЎRµRIR°SЃS‚RѕRїRѕR»S– R±SѓRI RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRёR№ RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S‡SѓRјRё, SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ R±SѓR»Rё RїS–RgRgR°RЅS– SѓSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚RµR»S– R±RµR· SЂRѕR·R±RѕSЂSѓ. R’RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅSѓ RЅR°SЃS‚R°RI RiRѕR»RѕRg, RїRёS€RЅRѕ SЂRѕR·S†RIS–R»Rё SЃRїRµRyeSѓR»SЏS†S–SЏ, R·R»RѕRIR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S„R»RѕS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… S–RЅS‚RµRЅRgR°RЅS‚S–RI S– RyeRѕSЂSѓRїS†S–SЏ Sѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰S– S‡RёRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeS–RI.

R“RѕS‚SѓR№ RЅRѕRIRёS… R±RѕSЂS†S–RI, RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ RЇSЂRµ!

RЎR°RјRµ S‚R°RyeRёRјRё R±SѓR»Rё RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– SЃR»RѕRIR° R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°RyeR° vЂ“ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ. R¦S– S‚RµSЂRµRЅRё, S‡RёRјRѕSЃSЊ RїRѕRgS–R±RЅS– RgRѕ RљR°SЂRїR°S‚, R±SѓR»Rё V«RЅRµRїRѕS…RёS‚RЅRёRј S‚R° RЅRµRIR±R»R°RiR°RЅRЅRёRј RIRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRјV» RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS–RI RѕRїRѕSЂSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RѕRyeSѓRїR°RЅS‚R°Rј.
R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°Rye R·R°RiRёRЅSѓRI Sѓ R±RѕSЋ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RЅR° S…SѓS‚RѕSЂS– RљSЂRµSЃRµR»SЊS†S–, RЅRµRїRѕRgR°R»S–Rye RIS–Rg RњRѕS‚SЂRѕRЅRёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRѕRЅR°SЃS‚RёSЂSЏ. R”RѕRЅRµRgR°RIRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕS— RgR°S‚Rё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R±RѕSЋ.

R“RѕRgRёRЅR° RїR°RїSѓRiRё. R”S–S‚Rё RїRёS€SѓS‚SЊ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅSѓ

R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‡SѓRI, SЏRye S‚SѓS‚ RyeR°R¶SѓS‚SЊ: "RўRѕ S‡RѕSЂS‚ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕSЋ S–RgRµ". RќS–R±RёS‚Rѕ, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RyeRёRЅSѓS‚Rё Sѓ RIRёS…RѕSЂ SЃRѕRyeRёSЂRѕSЋ vЂ” RїRѕS‚RµS‡Rµ RyeSЂRѕRI. R”RёRIRЅS– S‚SѓS‚ R·R°R±RѕR±RѕRЅRё. RЈS‡RѕSЂR° S‚S– "S‡RѕSЂS‚Rё" RIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕRїS–Rg RЅRѕRiR°RјRё S– RїRµSЂRµR±S–RiR°R»Rё RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ R·R±SѓRgR¶RµRЅRёRј S– SѓSЃRјS–S…RЅRµRЅRёRј RyeRѕR»RµRiR°Rј R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. R’S–RЅ R·R°R·RgSЂRёRI S‰R°SЃS‚SЋ RyeRѕR»RµRi, SЏRyeS– RIR¶Rµ RїS–S€R»Rё R·R° RyeRѕR»SЋS‡RёR№ RgSЂS–S‚ S– S‚R°R±S–SЂRЅS– RјSѓSЂRё Sѓ RgR°R»RµRyeRёR№, S€RёSЂRѕRyeRёR№ SЃRIS–S‚.

R‘SЂR°S‚Rё RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeS– S– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg. R§R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° R†

RћRgRЅRёRј S–R· RIR°RiRѕRјRёS… RµRїS–R·RѕRgS–RI Sѓ R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, SЏRye S– RI R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°S‚R° R±R». SЃRIS‰RјS‡. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–SЏ vЂ” RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeR° RќR°SЂRѕRgS–RI RЎRIS–S‚Sѓ, S” S—S…RЅSЏ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRyeSѓ RiR°R»RёS†SЊRyeRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ. R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— S‡RµSЂRїR°S”RјRѕ R·S– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI RѕS‡RµRIRёRgS†S–RI, RџRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI vЂ” SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR° R±SЂR°S‚S–RI, SЏRye S– RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅR° RЅR° RїRѕRiR°S€RµRЅRЅSЏ R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS—RI Sѓ S‚RѕRgS–S€RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS–, S…RѕS‡R° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅR° SЃR°RјRёRј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚RѕRј. RџR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃ Sѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ Rѕ. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–R№ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓRI RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRёR№ V«RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚SѓV» R·R° RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ, RЅR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R°SЃR»SѓRiR°Rј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ Sѓ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ.

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R“SЂRѕRјRµRЅRyeRѕ: R•RїS–RgRµRјS–SЏ S‚R° RyeRѕSЂSѓRїS†S–SЏ vЂ“ RIRёR±SѓS…RѕRЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅR° SЃSѓRјS–S€!

RЈR»S–S‚RyeSѓ 1829 SЂRѕRyeSѓ RI RЎRµRIR°SЃS‚RѕRїRѕR»S– R±SѓRI RISЃS‚R°RЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRёR№ RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅ RїSЂRѕS‚Rё S‡SѓRјRё, SЏRyeRѕRјSѓ R±SѓR»Rё RїS–RgRgR°RЅS– SѓSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ R¶RёS‚RµR»S– R±RµR· SЂRѕR·R±RѕSЂSѓ. R’RЅR°SЃR»S–RgRѕRye RyeR°SЂR°RЅS‚RёRЅSѓ RЅR°SЃS‚R°RI RiRѕR»RѕRg, RїRёS€RЅRѕ SЂRѕR·S†RIS–R»Rё SЃRїRµRyeSѓR»SЏS†S–SЏ, R·R»RѕRIR¶RёRIR°RЅRЅSЏ S„R»RѕS‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… S–RЅS‚RµRЅRgR°RЅS‚S–RI S– RyeRѕSЂSѓRїS†S–SЏ Sѓ SЃRµSЂRµRgRѕRIRёS‰S– S‡RёRЅRѕRIRЅRёRyeS–RI.

R®SЂS–R№ RњRёS‚SЂRѕS„R°RЅRµRЅRyeRѕ: R“RѕS‚SѓR№ RЅRѕRIRёS… R±RѕSЂS†S–RI, RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ RЇSЂRµ!

RЎR°RјRµ S‚R°RyeRёRјRё R±SѓR»Rё RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅS– SЃR»RѕRIR° R’R°SЃRёR»SЏ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°RyeR° vЂ“ RiRѕR»RѕRIRЅRѕRiRѕ RѕS‚R°RјR°RЅR° RGRѕR»RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ RЇSЂSѓ. R¦S– S‚RµSЂRµRЅRё, S‡RёRјRѕSЃSЊ RїRѕRgS–R±RЅS– RgRѕ RљR°SЂRїR°S‚, R±SѓR»Rё V«RЅRµRїRѕS…RёS‚RЅRёRј S‚R° RЅRµRIR±R»R°RiR°RЅRЅRёRј RIRѕSЂRѕRiRѕRјV» RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeS–RI, RѕRgRЅRёRј R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€ S†RµRЅS‚SЂS–RI RѕRїRѕSЂSѓ SЂRѕSЃS–R№SЃSЊRyeRёRј RѕRyeSѓRїR°RЅS‚R°Rј.
R’R°SЃRёR»SЊ R§SѓS‡SѓRїR°Rye R·R°RiRёRЅSѓRI Sѓ R±RѕSЋ R· R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёRyeR°RјRё RЅR° S…SѓS‚RѕSЂS– RљSЂRµSЃRµR»SЊS†S–, RЅRµRїRѕRgR°R»S–Rye RIS–Rg RњRѕS‚SЂRѕRЅRёRЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ RјRѕRЅR°SЃS‚RёSЂSЏ. R”RѕRЅRµRgR°RIRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёRyeRё RЅRµ R·RЅR°R»Rё S‚RѕS‡RЅRѕS— RgR°S‚Rё S†SЊRѕRiRѕ R±RѕSЋ.

RњR°RyeSЃRёRј RњRёSЂRѕRIRёS‡: R’SЃSЏ RїSЂR°RIRgR° RїSЂRѕ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIRµSЃS–R»R»SЏ

R‘R°RiR°S‚Rѕ S…S‚Rѕ RgRѕ SЃRёS… RїS–SЂ R·RiR°RgSѓS” S†S– RIRµSЃS–R»R»SЏ SЏRye "RgRѕR±SЂS– S– SЃR»R°RIRЅS– SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–S—", R° SЏ R±R°S‡Sѓ RI RЅRёS… RISЃRµ R¶ S‚Sѓ SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeSѓ R±SЋSЂRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–SЋ R· S—S— R±RµR·RgSѓS€RЅS–SЃS‚SЋ S– R±R°R№RgSѓR¶RёRј SЃS‚R°RIR»RµRЅRЅSЏRј RgRѕ RѕSЃRѕR±RёSЃS‚RѕSЃS‚S–. R R°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RIRµSЃS–R»R»SЏ R±SѓR»Rё SЏRye RgRIS– RyeSЂR°RїR»S– RIRѕRgRё SЃS…RѕR¶S– RѕRgRёRЅ RЅR° RѕRgRЅRѕRiRѕ, R° RЅR°SЂRµS‡RµRЅS– S‚R° S—S… SЂRѕRgRёS‡S– S‚RµSЂRїS–R»Rё RїS–Rg S‡R°SЃ RѕSЂRiR°RЅS–R·R°S†S–S— S‚R°RyeRѕRiRѕ RїSЂRѕS†RµSЃSѓ R±RµR·R»S–S‡ RgSЂS–R±RЅRёS… RїSЂRёRЅRёR¶RµRЅSЊ.

RђRЅRgSЂS–R№ R SѓRyeRyeR°SЃ: V«RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°RјV» vЂ“ 102 SЂRѕRyeRё!

12 R»SЋS‚RѕRiRѕ RЅRµ R»SѓRЅR°R»R° RјRѕRiSѓS‚RЅSЏ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!". RќS–S…S‚Rѕ RI R—R±SЂRѕR№RЅRёS… RЎRёR»R°S… RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅRё RЅRµ RїRµSЂRµR№RЅSЏRI SЃS‚R°SЂRёS… R±RѕR№RѕRIRёS… S‚SЂR°RgRёS†S–R№. RќRµRјR°S” Sѓ RЅR°SЃ RЅRѕRIS–S‚RЅS–S… "RЎS–SЂRёS…" S‡Rё "RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeS–RI". R— SЏRyeRѕS— RїSЂRёS‡RёRЅRё vЂ“ RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋ. RњRѕR¶Rµ RyeRѕR»S–SЂ RЅRµ RїRѕRgRѕR±R°S”S‚SЊSЃSЏ, RјRѕR¶Rµ R¶SѓRїR°RЅRё RїRѕSЃRјS–S€RyeSѓ RIRёRyeR»RёRyeR°SЋS‚SЊ, R° RјRѕR¶Rµ S–S‰Rµ S‰RѕSЃSЊvЂ¦ RџSЂRѕS‚Rµ, RIRѕRЅRё R·R°SЃR»SѓR¶RёR»Rё RЅR° RЅR°S€Sѓ RїRѕS€R°RЅSѓ.
RўRѕR¶ "RЎR»R°RIR° RЎS–SЂRѕR¶SѓRїR°RЅRЅRёRyeR°Rј!"

R“RѕRgRёRЅR° RїR°RїSѓRiRё. R”S–S‚Rё RїRёS€SѓS‚SЊ RЎS‚R°R»S–RЅSѓ

R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRёR№ S‡SѓRI, SЏRye S‚SѓS‚ RyeR°R¶SѓS‚SЊ: "RўRѕ S‡RѕSЂS‚ RgRѕSЂRѕRiRѕSЋ S–RgRµ". RќS–R±RёS‚Rѕ, SЏRyeS‰Rѕ RyeRёRЅSѓS‚Rё Sѓ RIRёS…RѕSЂ SЃRѕRyeRёSЂRѕSЋ vЂ” RїRѕS‚RµS‡Rµ RyeSЂRѕRI. R”RёRIRЅS– S‚SѓS‚ R·R°R±RѕR±RѕRЅRё. RЈS‡RѕSЂR° S‚S– "S‡RѕSЂS‚Rё" RIRёR»RёSЃSЏ RїRѕRїS–Rg RЅRѕRiR°RјRё S– RїRµSЂRµR±S–RiR°R»Rё RgRѕSЂRѕRiSѓ R·R±SѓRgR¶RµRЅRёRј S– SѓSЃRјS–S…RЅRµRЅRёRј RyeRѕR»RµRiR°Rј R§R°RїSЃSЊRyeRѕRiRѕ. R’S–RЅ R·R°R·RgSЂRёRI S‰R°SЃS‚SЋ RyeRѕR»RµRi, SЏRyeS– RIR¶Rµ RїS–S€R»Rё R·R° RyeRѕR»SЋS‡RёR№ RgSЂS–S‚ S– S‚R°R±S–SЂRЅS– RјSѓSЂRё Sѓ RgR°R»RµRyeRёR№, S€RёSЂRѕRyeRёR№ SЃRIS–S‚.

R‘SЂR°S‚Rё RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeS– S– S”RISЂRµR№SЃSЊRyeRёR№ RЅR°SЂRѕRg. R§R°SЃS‚RёRЅR° R†

RћRgRЅRёRј S–R· RIR°RiRѕRјRёS… RµRїS–R·RѕRgS–RI Sѓ R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRѕRiRѕ, SЏRye S– RI R¶RёS‚S‚S”RїRёSЃS– R№RѕRiRѕ RјRѕR»RѕRgS€RѕRiRѕ R±SЂR°S‚R° R±R». SЃRIS‰RјS‡. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–SЏ vЂ” RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeR° RќR°SЂRѕRgS–RI RЎRIS–S‚Sѓ, S” S—S…RЅSЏ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ Sѓ RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRyeSѓ RiR°R»RёS†SЊRyeRёS… S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ. R‘S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ S–RЅS„RѕSЂRјR°S†S–S— S‡RµSЂRїR°S”RјRѕ R·S– SЃRїRѕRiR°RgS–RI RѕS‡RµRIRёRgS†S–RI, RџRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI vЂ” SЃRїS–R»SЊRЅR° SЃRїSЂR°RIR° R±SЂR°S‚S–RI, SЏRye S– RgS–SЏR»SЊRЅS–SЃS‚SЊ, SЃRїSЂSЏRјRѕRIR°RЅR° RЅR° RїRѕRiR°S€RµRЅRЅSЏ R°RЅS‚RёSЃRµRјS–S‚SЃSЊRyeRёS… RЅR°SЃS‚SЂRѕS—RI Sѓ S‚RѕRgS–S€RЅSЊRѕRјSѓ SЃSѓSЃRїS–R»SЊSЃS‚RIS–, S…RѕS‡R° R±S–R»SЊS€S–SЃS‚SЊ RgRѕRyeSѓRјRµRЅS‚S–RI RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RЅR° SЃR°RјRёRј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚RѕRј. RџR°SЂR°RgRѕRyeSЃ Sѓ S‚RѕRјSѓ, S‰Rѕ Rѕ. RљR»RёRјRµRЅS‚S–R№ RЁRµRїS‚RёS†SЊRyeRёR№ R±SѓRI RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRёR№ V«RџSЂR°RIRµRgRЅRёRyeRѕRј RЅR°SЂRѕRgS–RI SЃRIS–S‚SѓV» R·R° RїRѕSЂSЏS‚SѓRЅRѕRye S”RISЂRµS—RI Sѓ S‡R°SЃRё R“RѕR»RѕRyeRѕSЃS‚Sѓ, RЅR°S‚RѕRјS–SЃS‚SЊ R·R°SЃR»SѓRiR°Rј RњRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»RёS‚R° RђRЅRgSЂRµSЏ Sѓ S‚R°RyeRѕRјSѓ RIRёR·RЅR°RЅRЅS– R±SѓR»Rѕ RIS–RgRјRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ.

R›SЋS‚RЅRµRIR° RgSЂR°RјR° RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°

R—R° SЃS‚RѕR»RѕRј RI RyeR°R±S–RЅRµS‚S– RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚R° R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅRё RЅR° RџSЂR°R·SЊRyeRѕRјSѓ R“SЂR°RgS– SЃRёRgS–RI SЃRёRIRёR№ S…RIRѕSЂRёR№ S‡RѕR»RѕRIS–Rye. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚Sѓ R•RgRIR°SЂRgRѕRIS– R‘RµRЅRµS€Sѓ R±SѓR»Rѕ R»RёS€Rµ 63 SЂRѕRyeRё, RїSЂRѕS‚Rµ RїRѕSЃS‚S–R№RЅS– S…RIRѕSЂRѕR±Rё S– S‚RёSЃRye R· R±RѕRyeSѓ RїRѕR»S–S‚RёS‡RЅRёS… RѕRїRѕRЅRµRЅS‚S–RI S†S–R»RyeRѕRIRёS‚Rѕ RIRёSЃRЅR°R¶RёR»Rё R№RѕRiRѕ. RџSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚ S‰RѕR№RЅRѕ RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RI RїSЂRёR·RЅR°S‡RµRЅRЅSЏ RЅRѕRIRѕRiRѕ RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRiRѕ SѓSЂSЏRgSѓ. R™RѕRiRѕ RgRµSЂR¶R°RIR°, SЏRyeSѓ RIS–RЅ RIR»R°SЃRЅRѕSЂSѓS‡ R·R°SЃRЅRѕRISѓRIR°RI, R±SѓRgSѓRIR°RI S– R·R° SЏRyeSѓ R±RёRISЃSЏ RgRµSЃSЏS‚RёR»S–S‚S‚SЏRјRё, RїSЂRѕRIR°R»SЋRIR°R»R°SЃSЏ RI RјRѕSЂRѕRye RyeRѕRјSѓRЅS–SЃS‚RёS‡RЅRѕS— RgRёRyeS‚R°S‚SѓSЂRё. R† RїS–Rg RIRёSЂRѕRyeRѕRј R§RµS…RѕSЃR»RѕRIR°S‡S‡RёRЅS– SЃS‚RѕSЏRI R№RѕRiRѕ, R•RgRIR°SЂRgR° R‘RµRЅRµS€R°, RїS–RgRїRёSЃ. RћRgRЅRѕRiRѕ R· RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёS… RgRµRјRѕRyeSЂR°S‚S–RI RI S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–S— S†RµRЅS‚SЂR°R»SЊRЅRѕS— R„RISЂRѕRїRё RGRG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚SЏ.

RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ Sѓ 1917 SЂRѕS†S–. R–RёRIRёR№ S– RiRѕR»RѕRgRЅRёR№ SЃS‚R°S‚SЃSЊRyeRёR№ SЂR°RgRЅRёRye

RќS–, RџR°RЅR°SЃ RњRёSЂRЅRёR№ RЅRµ RїRѕRјRµSЂ Sѓ RGR†RG SЃS‚RѕR»S–S‚S‚S–. R’S–RЅ S‚R° R†RIR°RЅ RќRµS‡SѓR№-R›RµRIRёS†SЊRyeRёR№ - RgRIR° RїRёSЃSЊRјRµRЅRЅRёRyeRё-RyeR»R°SЃRёRyeRё, S…S‚Rѕ RїRµSЂRµR¶RёRI SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЋ. R† S…RѕS‡R° R№RѕRiRѕ SЂRѕRјR°RЅ "RGS–R±R° SЂRµRISѓS‚SЊ RIRѕR»Rё, SЏRye SЏSЃR»R° RїRѕRIRЅS–" RIRёRIS‡R°R»Rё RI S€RyeRѕR»S– RISЃS– R±RµR· RIRёRЅSЏS‚RyeSѓ RїRѕRyeRѕR»S–RЅRЅSЏ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅS†S–RI, RgR»SЏ R±S–R»SЊS€RѕSЃS‚S– S†RµR№ S„R°RyeS‚ - RЅRµR°R±RёSЏRyeR° RЅRѕRIRёRЅR°.

RЎRµSЂRiS–R№ R“S–SЂS–Rye: RiR°SЃR»R° RЈRќR  RЅR°RiR°RgSѓRIR°R»Rё R±S–R»SЊS€RѕRIRёS†SЊRyeS–

R†RЅS‚RµSЂRISЋ R· RyeR°RЅRgRёRgR°S‚RѕRј S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёS… RЅR°SѓRye, RIS‡RµRЅRёRј SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‚R°SЂRµRј RЈRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕS— R°SЃRѕS†S–R°S†S–S— SЋRgR°S—RyeRё RЎRµSЂRiS–S”Rј R“S–SЂS–RyeRѕRј
RџR°RїR° R RёRјSЃSЊRyeRёR№ RџS–R№ VII RїS–RgRїRёSЃR°RI R±SѓR»R»Sѓ In universalis Ecclesiae regimine, SЏRyeRѕSЋ RIS–RgRЅRѕRIR»RµRЅRѕ R“R°R»RёS†SЊRyeSѓ RјRёS‚SЂRѕRїRѕR»S–SЋ

SЂRµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–SЏ Sѓ R¤SЂR°RЅS†S–S—: RyeRѕSЂRѕR»SЊ-RiSЂRѕRјR°RgSЏRЅRёRЅ R›SѓS—-R¤S–R»S–RїRї R·SЂS–RyeSЃSЏ RїSЂRµSЃS‚RѕR»Sѓ

RЅR°SЂRѕRgRёRISЃSЏ RџRµS‚SЂRѕ R¤RµRgSѓRЅ (RџRѕR»S‚R°RIR°), S–RgRµRѕR»RѕRi RЈRџRђ

RїRѕS‡R°R»Rѕ RјRѕRIR»RµRЅRЅSЏ SЂR°RgS–Rѕ R“RѕR»RѕSЃ RђRјRµSЂRёRyeRё

2004: "SЏS”S‡RЅRёR№ S‚RµSЂR°RyeS‚" RїSЂRѕS‚Rё RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡R°

24 RIRµSЂRµSЃRЅSЏ 2004 SЂRѕRyeSѓ SЃS‚R°RI RgRЅRµRј, RyeRѕR»Rё R·SЂRѕSЃS‚R°RЅRЅSЏ SЂRµR№S‚RёRЅRiSѓ RyeR°RЅRgRёRgR°S‚R° RI RїSЂRµR·RёRgRµRЅS‚Rё R’S–RyeS‚RѕSЂ RЇRЅSѓRyeRѕRIRёS‡R° RїSЂRёRїRёRЅRёR»RѕSЃSЏ. RљSЂR°S—RЅR° RїRѕR±R°S‡RёR»R°, S‰Rѕ R·R°RјS–SЃS‚SЊ R—R°R»S–R·RЅRѕRiRѕ R“RѕSЃRїRѕRgR°SЂSЏ Sѓ RIRёR±RѕSЂR°S… R±RµSЂRµ SѓS‡R°SЃS‚SЊ R»SЋRgRёRЅR°, RyeRѕS‚SЂR° RIRїR°R»R° RIS–Rg RyeSѓSЂSЏS‡RѕRiRѕ SЏR№S†SЏ.
R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°
R· R’R°S…S‚R°RЅRiRѕRј RљS–RїS–R°RЅS–
R©RѕS‚RёR¶RЅRµRIRёR№ S–SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRёR№ S‚RµR»RµR¶SѓSЂRЅR°R» - S”RgRёRЅRёR№ RЅR° SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRѕRјSѓ S‚RµR»RµR±R°S‡RµRЅRЅS–. RЈ RyeRѕR¶RЅS–R№ RїSЂRѕRiSЂR°RјS– - RЅRѕRIS– RїRѕSЂS‚SЂRµS‚Rё RiRµSЂRѕS—RI, RyeRѕSЃS‚SЋRјRё R· RµRїRѕS…Rё, RїSЂRѕ SЏRyeSѓ R№RgRµS‚SЊSЃSЏ.
R RѕR·SЃRµRyeSЂRµS‡RµRЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ
R· RћR»RµRyeSЃR°RЅRgSЂRѕRј R—S–RЅS‡RµRЅRyeRѕRј
RџSЂRѕ S‚R°S”RјRЅS– SЃS‚RѕSЂS–RЅRyeRё RјRёRЅSѓR»RѕRiRѕ RЅR°S€RѕS— RyeSЂR°S—RЅRё, RЅRµRIS–RgRѕRјS– S„R°RyeS‚Rё S—S— S‚RIRѕSЂRµRЅRЅSЏ S‚R° SЂR°RgSЏRЅSЃSЊRyeS– RјS–S„Rё, SЏRyeRёS… R·R° 25 SЂRѕRyeS–RI RgRѕSЃS– RїRѕRIRЅS–SЃS‚SЋ RЅRµ RIRgR°R»RѕSЃSЏ RїRѕR·R±SѓS‚RёSЃSЏ.

R’S–Rg S‚RIR°SЂRёRЅ RgRѕ R±RѕRiS–RI: RyeRѕSЂRѕS‚RyeR° S–SЃS‚RѕSЂS–SЏ R»SЋRgSЃS‚RIR°

RќR°RѕSЃS‚R°RЅRѕRye R“R°SЂR°SЂS– RїSЂRѕRIS–S‰R°S” RїSЂRѕRgRѕRIR¶RµRЅRЅSЏ RµRIRѕR»SЋS†S–S— R»SЋRgSЃS‚RIR° S‚SЂSЊRѕRјR° S€R»SЏS…R°RјRё: R±S–RѕS–RЅR¶RµRЅRµSЂS–S— RЅR° RiRµRЅRµS‚RёS‡RЅRѕRјSѓ SЂS–RIRЅS–, RyeS–R±RѕSЂRiS–R·R°S†S–S— SѓR¶Rµ S–SЃRЅSѓSЋS‡RёS… S‚S–R» RјRµS…R°RЅS–R·RјR°RјRё R°R±Rѕ RїRµSЂRµRЅRѕSЃSѓ SЃRIS–RgRѕRјRѕSЃS‚S– RЅR° RЅRµRѕSЂRiR°RЅS–S‡RЅS– RЅRѕSЃS–S—. R¦Rµ RїSЂRёR·RIRµRgRµ RgRѕ RїSЂRёRїRёRЅRµRЅRЅSЏ RЅR°S€RѕRiRѕ S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ SЏRye Homo sapiens. R›SЋRgRё RїRµSЂRµS‚RIRѕSЂRёR»RёSЃSЏ S–R· S‚RIR°SЂRёRЅ RЅR° S–SЃS‚RѕS‚ S–R· RјR°R№R¶Rµ R±RѕR¶RµSЃS‚RIRµRЅRЅRёRјRё SЃRёR»R°RјRё, R°R»Rµ vЂњS‡Rё S” Sѓ SЃRIS–S‚S– S‰RѕSЃSЊ RЅRµR±RµR·RїRµS‡RЅS–S€Rµ R·R° RЅRµR·R°RgRѕRIRѕR»RµRЅRёS… S‚R° R±RµR·RIS–RgRїRѕRIS–RgR°R»SЊRЅRёS… R±RѕRiS–RI, SЏRyeS– RЅRµ R·RЅR°SЋS‚SЊ, S‡RѕRiRѕ RIRѕRЅRё S…RѕS‡SѓS‚SЊ?vЂќ.
RЎR°R±RѕS‚R°R¶RЅR° R°RyeS†S–SЏ S– RџR°S†RёS„S–RyeR°S†S–SЏ 1930. R”Rµ S‚SѓS‚ RјS–S„Rё, RїSЂR°RIRgR° S– S…R°R№Rї?
RџR»RѕS‰S– S‚R° RIRµR¶S–. RњS–R¶ SЂRµR°R»SЊRЅRёRј R¶RёS‚S‚SЏRј S‚R° RIS–SЂS‚SѓR°R»SЊRЅRёRј RїSЂRѕSЃS‚RѕSЂRѕRј SЃRѕS†S–R°R»SЊRЅRёS… RјRµSЂRµR¶

R„RgRёRЅRёRј RgR¶RµSЂRµR»RѕRј S–SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ V«R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅRѕS— RїSЂR°RIRgRёV» S” RїRѕR¶RµSЂS‚RIRё RЅR°S€RёS… RgRѕR±SЂRѕS‡RёRЅS†S–RI. R¦Rµ RgRѕR·RIRѕR»SЏS” RѕRїR»R°S‡SѓRIR°S‚Rё SЂRѕR±RѕS‚Sѓ SЂRµRgR°RyeS†S–S—.

RњRё S” RЅR°R№R±S–R»SЊS€RёRј R·R° R°SѓRgRёS‚RѕSЂS–S”SЋ RЅRµR·R°R»RµR¶RЅRёRј SЂRµSЃSѓSЂSЃRѕRј RїSЂRѕ SѓRyeSЂR°S—RЅSЃSЊRyeRµ RјRёRЅSѓR»Rµ. R’S–Rg RјRѕRјRµRЅS‚Sѓ R·R°SЃRЅSѓRIR°RЅRЅSЏ V«R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°V» vЂ” S†Rµ R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ 21 RјS–R»SЊR№RѕRЅR° RyeRѕSЂRёSЃS‚SѓRIR°S‡S–RI, R±S–R»SЊS€Rµ 11 S‚RёSЃSЏS‡ RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRѕ-RїRѕRїSѓR»SЏSЂRЅRёS…, RЅR°SѓRyeRѕRIRёS… S‚R° RїRѕR»RµRјS–S‡RЅRёS… RїSѓR±R»S–RyeR°S†S–R№, 600 R°RIS‚RѕSЂS–RI, 7 SЃRїRµS†RїSЂRѕRµRyeS‚S–RI.

V«R†SЃS‚RѕSЂRёS‡RЅR° RїSЂR°RIRgR°V»: RќRµ R·R°RyeSЂRёRIR°S”RјRѕSЃSЏ. R—RјS–RЅSЋS”RјRѕSЃSЏ!